|* Weekly Bible
This weeks (Feb 11th, 2018) Bible Study is: I am updating Studies and as such, we’ll be listening to a Shepherd’s Chapel Audio Study for our Study this morning.
Our last Study was: I Chronicles 11:1-10.
* I Chronicles 11
I Chronicles 10 gave us a fairly quick overview of the reign of Israel’s first man king, king Saul. Saul may have started his reign honoring, serving, and worshiping Father; however, that quickly changed, and he defected and rebelled, and chased after the ways of satan. It was because of these things, as we read in I Chronicles 10:13-14 that Father called Saul Home to Him: I Chronicles 10:13 So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against the LORD, even against the word of the LORD, which he kept not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit, to enquire of it; [10:14] And enquired not of the LORD: therefore He slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.. That ending for Saul, actually led us into the introduction of the reign of king David.
Beginning in this Chapter; I Chronicles 11, through the rest of the FIRST BOOK OF THE CHRONICLES, we’ll read of the reign of king David, the House of Israel’s second man king. In this Chapter we have in verses v11:1-3, David’s Coronation; in verses v11:4-9, David’s Capital; and in verses v10-47, David’s Captains. Bear in mind brethren—as I’ve stated already—David is only the second man king of the Nation, and as such, we’re only a few years from when the Nation changed from a theocracy to a monarchy. Remember also, Father wanted—and STILL WANTS—to be our King. I don’t know about you; but, I would rather have Father as our King than any of His created men as, they cannot rule anywhere near as perfect, as fair and impartial, or as Righteously, as He can!
Something else to bear in mind brethren, is, that, here in this Chapter, I Chronicles 11, we immediately read that David and all the People are in Hebron, which will actually put us ahead in time from our next Chapter I Chronicles 12 where we’ll find David on the run from Saul. So, just keep that in mind as we go through this Chapter and pick up our next and find David in Ziklag.
With that introduction being said, let’s go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: “Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word, and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus’ Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen.”
I Chronicles 11:1-
II Chronicles 36:21 THE
HOUSE OF David
I Chronicles 11:1-
11:1-29:30 DAVID. (Division.)
11:1-29:25 Events in detail.
11:1-29:25 EVENTS IN
11:1-3 Accession over all
I Chronicles 11:1 Then all Israel (he will rule as YAH; or, the prince that prevails with YAH) (Yis-raw-ale’) (secondary map) gathered themselves to David (loving; or, well-beloved) (Daw-veed’) unto Hebron (seat of association; or, alliance) (kheb-rone’), saying, “Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. —>
Did you catch and understand that brethren? This is part of the Key of David—Isaiah 22:22 and Revelation 3:7—understanding the lineage from Adam—eth ha adam, The Man Adam Created on the 8th day—if you don’t comprehend or understand this, go back and read my Studies: Genesis 1 and Genesis 2—up to and including David, and on to the Second Man Adam, i.e., our Lord and Saviour, Father in the flesh as His Only Begotten Son: Jesus Christ.
As I stated in my introduction to this Chapter, we’re slightly ahead chronologically as, here, we see the People about to crown David king of all Israel. This not only puts us ahead after the death of Saul; but, also, after the time that, one of Saul’s Generals, Abner, tried to set Saul’s only remaining son, Ish-bosheth, on the throne as king. The problem with this was that, Father chose David to be the next king of His People; therefore, Ish-bosheth was not only a usurper; but, also, he was just going to be a puppet as, it was Abner who had his sights set on running the kingdom.
All Israel...gathered to Hebron=This is not to say that every man, woman, and child came to the city of Hebron as, the city would not have held everybody. What the verse is stating is—as we’ll discover two verses from now, in verse v11:3—that, it was only the elders of each Tribe who came to Hebron in order to crown David king over all the Nation of the House of Israel, and in doing so, they will give 3 reasons for why David should be king.
We see here in this verse the first of these three reasons in the statement, “we are thy bone and thy flesh.” This indicates that the elders know that, it is Father Who chooses people to perform the duties which must be performed here in this Age of flesh man; and, it was Father chose both Saul and David to be king: Saul as an example of how a king should not be, and then David was the first king who Father chose for whom His Children could follow.
We also know that our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ will come from the lineage of David, and he will be of “thy bone and thy flesh,” in other words, “of the seed of David.” Jesus will be born approximately one thousand years later through David’s lineage. So, in David, we have “the seed and the leader” as the second sign. The third part to this “key of David,” is that David will be a “shepherd over all Israel.” So, to sum it up, we have the seed, the leader or king, and the shepherd, all tied up in David. This is all pointing to the King of Kings, born in the flesh, coming to earth to be our Shepherd, Who feeds His sheep, and tends to the flock.
David then became, a type of the promised Messiah that will come many years later through his loins.
Israel=The kingdom of Israel consists and comprises of both a People, and a territory. The People were and are our Father, our Creator ELOHIM’s Chosen People. Chosen only in the sense that they were the lineage through which He Himself will\would be born in the flesh as His Only Begotten Son: Jesus Christ. That lineage began with Adam, then his son Seth, down to Noah, then his son Shem, down to Abram, then his son Isaac, and the his son Jacob whom Father renamed Israel, on to his two sons Levi—actually, Levi’s son Amram amd his son Aaron and his descendants—and Judah—and his son Pharez, then his son Hezron, then his son Aram, then his Amminadab, then his son Nashon, then his son Salmon, then his son Boaz, then his son Obed, then his son Jesse, then his son David. Both lineages culminated and terminated at Mary—cousin to Elisabeth, wife of Zacharias, whom the Holy Spirit overshadowed while she was yet a virgin, and after Michael the arch angel had told would come to pass. When Father had changed Jacob’s name to Israel and then he had his twelve sons—Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Napthali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin—who went into captivity to Egypt for those 200 plus years, when Father led them out by the hand of Moses, they became known collectively as, the House of Israel. As for the territory, see the links of the 2 maps in the verse to understand the land mass which comprised the territory of Israel. † As to the etymology of the name Israel, the meaning of the name Israel is not clear; but, yet, it’s huge. The meaning of Israel is not singular and distinct; but, consists of many nuances and facets and bulges with theological significance. Judging from Genesis 32:28, the form ישראל (Israel) appears to be a compilation of two elements. The first one is the noun אל, El, the abbreviated form of אלהים, Elohim, denoting the genus God: The second part of our name appears to be related to the verb שרה I (sara I): However, even though Genesis 32:28 uses the enigmatic verb שרה — which is assumed to mean to struggle but which might something else entirely — it’s by no means certain that this verb is etymologically linked to our name Israel. When we say, “we named him Bob because that seemed like a good idea,” we certainly don’t mean to say that the name Bob means “good idea.” The first part of the name Israel looks a lot like the verb שרה that explains this name; but, this apparent link is possibly a mere case of word-play. In fact, the name Israel may have more to do with the verb ישר (yashar), meaning to be upright. Note that the difference between the letter שׂ (sin) as found in the name ישׂראל (Israel) and the letter שׁ (shin) as found in the verb ישׁר (yashar) didn’t exist in Biblical times and as it was invented more than a thousand years after the Bible was written: For a meaning of the name Israel, New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List, Brown Driver Briggs (BDB) Theological Dictionary and Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) unanimously go with the verb שרה of which the meaning is unsure. Undeterred, NOBSE reads God Strives, and BDB proposes El Persisteth or El Persevereth. Alfred Jones figures that the mysterious verb שרה might very well mean “to be princely,” and assumes that the name Israel consists of a future form of this verb, which hence would mean to become princely. And so Jones interprets the name Israel with He Will Be Prince With God. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3478, - ישׂראל, - Yiśrâ'êl, pronounced - Yis-raw-ale’, and means: From H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity: - Israel. Total KJV occurrences: 2,576.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Israel in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Israel.
David=I could spend days discussing David and his life; literally, an entire Book—II Samuel—covered most of what David accomplished as king of Israel. David was a man after Father’s own heart, and though he made a few mistakes, David always tried to please Father in all that he did; therefore, Father loved David; so much so that, He chose David as the Line to bring forth the Branch, The Bright Morning Star, Immanuel\Emmanuel, God in the Flesh: Jesus. Even though Father chose David, it doesn’t mean that David never sinned as, David indeed did sin. He committed adultery with the wife of one of his soldiers; and, then had that soldier murdered by ordering his being put on the front lines of the hottest part of the battle. David was not perfect; however, he was obedient in the end; and, in the end, he left judgment in Father’s hand. All the other kings of Judah and some of the kings of Israel will be judged; or, compared to David; and, the one thing which can always be said of David, is that, not one time had David ever fallen away into idolatry. But, what else can we take away from David? If you sin: repent to Father and then leave the correction and judgment in Father’s hands. † While researching the etymology of the name David we find that most Bible translators and commentator will render the name David as Beloved; but, as always with important names, the etymology of the name David is disputed. However, we can’t help noticing the distinct similarity of this name with the Hebrew root דוד (dwd) that yields דוד (dod), generally meaning beloved. This word is also the Hebrew word for uncle — I Chronicles 27:32, for instance, speaks of דוד־דויד, or “David’s uncle”: The distinct difference between the name דוד (David) and the word דוד (dod) is that in the name David the letter waw counts for a consonant, while in the word dod it counts for a vowel. A consonant and a vowel are completely different entities and they’ll never mean the same, no matter how many times you write them with the same symbol (in this case the waw). If the name was meant to mean Beloved, then it was perhaps given to David after he became king and beloved. In his father’s household he wasn’t much of a hit, after all. But then, if this name was meant to mean Beloved, why hasn’t history given us the tales of King Dod? Harris Archer Waltke (HAW) Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament lists David under dod but admits that “the name is conjectured to come from dod, beloved, but the etymology is uncertain. It has been compared with the Mari term dawidum, Lsquo;leader,’ but this too is unsure.” Brown Driver Briggs (BDB) Theological Dictionary too lists the name David under the derivations of the root dod, but also makes mention of A.H. Sayce’s note of a sun-god named Dodo — דודה — which was worshipped in East-Jordan Israel. Zion, now known as the city of David, was then apparently known as the city of the god Dod. But where Dod went the way of the dodo, king David is eternally remembered as the beloved king. And this is curious for more than one reason. But whatever the reason, Israel’s identity of a Kingdom is associated with a king whose name is not a regular Hebrew word, but which is spelled identical to the word for Beloved, and pronounced completely different. Perhaps, and this is a wild guess, the name Dod was altered to David to charge it with the tone of the word דוה (dawa), meaning infirmity. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1732, - דּוד, or דּויד, - dâvid, or dâvı̂yd, pronounced - daw-veed’, or daw-veed’ and means: From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse: - David. Total KJV occurrences: 1076.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find that the description of David in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: David.
Hebron=Hebron is rich with history for our forefathers; as such, we find that there are 68 verses and 73 matches for the name Hebron, and the Strong’s Hebrew word number—H2275—associated with it in Father’s Word; or, in either the Strong’s Concordance and\or on E-Sword. We read in Genesis 13 that, after Father had Blessed Abram—this was even before He changed his name to Abraham—and told him to move himself and his family—his wife Sari and his nephew Lot—to Mamre, which is Hebron; and, which is also Kirjath-arba, which is also in Canaan: i.e., the Promised Land. Hebron is also where Sarah died and was buried; in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which belonged to Ephron the Hittite, who was the son of Zohar, another Hittite. This was significant; as, Abraham paid cash money—and got a receipt for his purchase—for this piece of land, which as I said, is the Promised Land; and, as such, the muslims truly have no claim on this land!! After Father brought our forefathers up, out of thier bondage to the Egyptians, Joshua and the Israelite Army fought many battles in Hebron before conquering it and taking it for a possession. Once Hebron became Israelite territory, it was given to the Priests in order to be a city of refuge, a sanctuary city where someone who accidentally killed somebody else could flee until trial was conducted. Later still, David too fought many battles in Hebron, as a matter of fact, as we read in I Samuel 30:31 that, Hebron was one of the places that David and his men were wont to haunt. Hebron was the first place that David was made king over the House of Judah, he reigned there over Judah for seven years, six months before being crowned king of the entire House of Israel. There is much more history in Hebron; however, space and time constraints prevent me from expounding further. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2275, - חֶבְרוֹן, - chebrôn, pronounced - kheb-rone’, and means: From H2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites: - Hebron. Total KJV occurrences: 71.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “A city of Judah Joshua 15:54, situated among the mountains Joshua 20:7, 20 Roman miles south of Jerusalem, and the same distance north of Beersheba. Hebron is one of the most ancient cities in the world still existing; and in this respect it is the rival of Damascus. It was a well-known town when Abraham entered Canaan, 3,800 years ago Genesis 13:18. Its original name was Kirjath-arba Judges 1:10, “the city of Arba;” so called from Arba the father of Anak Joshua 15:13,14; 21:13. Sarah died at Hebron; and Abraham then bought from Ephron the Hittite the field and cave of Machpelah, to serve as a family tomb Genesis 23:2-20. The cave is still there, and the massive walls of the Haram or mosque, within which it lies, form the most remarkable object in the whole city. Abraham is called by Mohammedans el-Khulil, “the Friend,” i.e. of God, and this is the modern name of Hebron. Hebron now contains about 5000 inhabitants, of whom some fifty families are Jews. It is picturesquely situated in a narrow valley, surrounded by rocky hills. The valley runs from north to south, and the main quarter of the town, surmounted by the lofty walls of the venerable Haram, lies partly on the eastern slope Genesis 37:14, compare with Genesis 23:19. About a mile from the town, up the valley, is one of the largest oak trees in Palestine. This, say some, is the very tree beneath which Abraham pitched his tent, and it still bears the name of the patriarch.”.
I Chronicles 11:2 And moreover in time past, even when Saul (asked; or, desired) (shaw-ool’) was king, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD thy God said unto thee, ‘Thou shalt feed My People Israel, and thou shalt be ruler over My People Israel. ’ ” —> time past=This verse picks up at II Samuel 5:2 which reads: II Samuel 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, ‘Thou shalt feed My People Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.’ ”, and completely omits the events which occurred in Hebron, recorded in II Samuel 2:1-4: II Samuel 2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, “saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah?” And the LORD said unto him, “Go up.” And David said, “Whither shall I go up?” And He said, “Unto Hebron.” [2:2] So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal’s wife the Carmelite. [2:3] And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron. [2:4] And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That “the men of Jabesh-gilead were they that buried Saul.”.
LORD...God=Notice the 2 different uses of the names\roles\titles of Father in this verse: LORD=As used here is Father in His role\title of Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh, in other words—the personal and sacred name of our Father; God=Father is in His role\title of אלהים, Elohim, denoting the genus God, in other words—Father in His Role of Creator, of all things.
Saul=Son of Kish, of the Tribe of Benjamin. Saul was the first man king of the nation of the House of Israel; which, if you are familiar with Father’s Word, then you’ll know and realize is almost a miracle in and of itself as, back in Judges 20, the Tribe of Benjamin was almost completely wiped out by the other tribes because, they were sottish and allowed perversion to reign in their territories, and they sided with those who raped, abused, and then killed a Levites’s concubine. After the other tribes were through warring against them, there were only roughly 600 people—all men—left in the Tribe. The other tribes had to forfeit some of their daughters in order for the Tribe to continue on. † When we are first introduced to Saul in I Samuel 9:2, he is described as being, “a choice young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.;” but, he was also a man who could not even find his own donkeys. In fact, he was out searching for them when Father sent His Prophet Samuel to go and anoint him as the first man king. Saul had, and Father gave him, every opportunity to be a great man and king over His People; however, Saul was a man of the flesh, and as such, he allowed his flesh to come between he and Father, he chose flesh over Father, and he sinned against Father by honoring, serving, and worshiping other, false gods. Saul also disobeyed Father on multiple occasions: (1) In I Samuel 14, right after Saul had been made king, Samuel had told Saul to go to Gilgal and await his arrival; but, when Samuel didn’t arrive when Saul thought he should have, Saul made unlawful sacrifices to Father. No sooner had he made these sacrifices when Samuel arrives and sees what he had done. Samuel questions Saul about his offering unlawful sacrifices, and Saul replies that, Samuel had tarried too long, and he was afraid that the Philistines would attack him; therefore, he offered sacrifices himself. Samuel then told Saul that, he had done foolishly: thou hast not kept Father’s Commandment, which He had Commanded Saul: that, had Saul been obedient, then, Father would have established the kingdom of Israel into Saul’ hand for ever. But, since he had not been obedient, Father was going to give the kingdom to another man; (2) We read in I Samuel 15 that, Father, through His Prophet Samuel, told Saul to utterly destroy all the Amalekites—this meant that he was to kill every man, woman, and child, plus, every animal they had. There were also kenites living among these Amalekites whom Saul told to get away from the Amalekites because, they had treated Israel nicely when they came up, out of Egypt, which was an outright lie and which went completely against Father and His command. I challenge anybody to show me in Father’s Word where the kenites aided the Israelites when Father led them up out of Egypt—but, Saul chose not do so, he allowed his army to keep the Amalekite king: Agag, alive; and, they also kept for themselves, many of the best livestock. When Samuel questioned him about this disobedience to Father’s Commands, Saul lied by saying that, the People disobeyed him, and by claiming that they were going to make sacrifices to Father with the king and the livestock which they had kept alive. For this disobedience, Father told Saul through His Prophet that, He rejected Saul and He rejected Saul as the king of Israel. After telling Saul these things, Samuel turned to walk away from Saul; but, Saul reached out to grab ahold of Samuel, and upon doing so, he ripped Samuel’s robe, Samuel immediately turned around and told Saul in a stern voice that, as he had ripped his garment, Father has ripped the kingdom out of his hand and was now going to give it to another man, and not his son. Samuel then tolod Saul to bring Agag to him and upon Agag being brought, Samuel fulfilled Father’s Command and slew Agag. (3) King Saul, after hearing the women singing and saying “Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands” Saul became very angry, and from that day until his death, he chased after, in order to kill, David, whom Father had already anointed to be the Second king of the House of Israel; (4) After Samuel had died and Father had abandoned Saul, Saul was about to war against the Philistines; but, Saul was afraid because, he didn’t have Samuel to guide him and seek Father—not that it would have mattered because, Saul probably would have disobeyed what Father would have told him anyway—so, Saul sought out a woman who had a familiar spirit as, he wanted to communicate with Samuel, even though Samuel was dead. This was a big NO NO as, Father Commanded in Leviticus 19:31; 20:36; and Deuteronomy 18:11 that His Children were not to seek or regard those who have or deal with familiar spirits. † The etymology of the name Saul or Shaul comes from the verb שאל .(shaיal) meaning to ask, inquire, borrow, beg: For a meaning of the name Shaul or Saul, New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List reads Asked (of God), although God is not referred to in this name. Brown Driver Briggs (BDB) Theological Dictionary interprets our name Saul with Asked (of YHVH). Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads a more correct Asked For. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7586, - שָׁאוּל, - shâ'ûl, pronounced - shaw-ool’, and means: Passive particle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites: - Saul, Shaul. Total KJV occurrences: 406. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “(desired), more accurately Shaul. The first king of Israel, the son of Kish, and of the tribe of Benjamin. His character is in part illustrated by the fierce, wayward, fitful nature of the tribe and in part accounted for by the struggle between the old and new systems in which he found himself involved. To this we must add a taint of madness. which broke out in violent frenzy at times leaving him with long lucid intervals. He was remarkable for his strength and activity II Samuel 1:25 and, like the Homeric heroes, of gigantic stature, taller by head and shoulders than the rest of the people, and of that kind of beauty denoted by the Hebrew word “good,” I Samuel 9:2, and which caused him to be compared to the gazelle, “the gazelle of Israel.” His birthplace is not expressly mentioned; but, as Zelah in Benjamin was the place of Kish’s sepulchre II Samuel 21:14, it was probable; his native village. His father, Kish, was a powerful and wealthy chief though the family to which he belonged was of little importance I Samuel 9:1,21. A portion of his property consisted of a drove of asses. In search of these asses, gone astray on the mountains, he sent his son Saul It was while prosecuting this adventure that Saul met with Samuel for the first time at his home in Ramah, five miles north of Jerusalem. A divine intimation had made known to him the approach of Saul, whom he treated with special favor, and the next morning descending with him to the skirts of the town, Samuel poured over Saul’s head the consecrated oil, and with a kiss of salutation announced to him that he was to be the ruler of the nation I Samuel 9:25; I Samuel 10:1. Returning homeward his call was confirmed by the incidents which according to Samuel’s prediction, awaited him I Samuel 10:9,10. What may be named the public call occurred at Mizpeh, when lots were cast to find the tribe and family which was to produce the king, and Saul, by a divine intimation was found hid in the circle of baggage which surrounded the encampment I Samuel 10:17-24. Returning to Gibeah, apparently to private life, he heard the threat issued by Nahash king of Ammon against Jabesh-gilead. He speedily collected an army, and Jabesh was rescued. The effect was instantaneous on the people, and the monarchy was inaugurated anew at Gilgal I Samuel 11:1-15. It should be, however, observed that according to I Samuel 12:12, the affair of Nahash preceded and occasioned the election of Saul. Although king of Israel, his rule was at first limited; but, in the second year of his reign he began to organize an attempt to shake off the Philistine yoke, and an army was formed. In this crisis, Saul, now on the very confines of his kingdom at Gilgal, impatient at Samuel’s delay, whom he had directed to be present, offered sacrifice himself. Samuel, arriving later, pronounced the first curse, on his impetuous zeal I Samuel 13:5-14. After the Philistines were driven back to their own country occurred the first appearance of Saul’s madness in the rash vow which all but cost the life of his soil I Samuel 14:24,44. The expulsion of the Philistines, although not entirely completed, I Samuel 14:52, at once placed Saul in a position higher than that of any previous ruler of Israel, and he made war upon the neighboring tribes. In the war with Amalek, I Samuel 14:48; 15:1-9, he disobeyed the prophetical command of Samuel, which called down the second curse, and the first distinct intimation of the transference of the kingdom to a rival. The rest of Saul’s life is one long tragedy. The frenzy which had given indications of itself before now at times took almost entire possession of him. In this crisis David was recommended to him. From this time forward their lives are blended together [DAVID]. In Saul’s better moments he never lost the strong affection which he had contracted for David. Occasionally, too his prophetical gift returned, blended with his madness II Samuel 19:24. But his acts of fierce, wild zeal increased. At last the monarchy itself broke down under the weakness of his head. The Philistines re-entered the country, and just before giving them battle Saul’s courage failed and he consulted one of the necromancers, the “Witch of Endor,” who had escaped his persecution. At this distance of time it is impossible to determine the relative amount of fraud or of reality in the scene which follows, though the obvious meaning of the narrative itself tends to the hypothesis of some kind of apparition II Samuel 19:28. On hearing the denunciation which the apparition conveyed, Saul fell the whole length of his gigantic stature on the ground, and remained motionless till the woman and his servants forced him to eat. The next day the battle came on. The Israelites were driven up the side of Gilboa. The three sons of Saul were slain. Saul was wounded. According to one account, he fell upon his own sword, I Samuel 31:4, and died. The body on being found by the Philistines was stripped slid decapitated, and the headless trunk hung over the city walls, with those of his three sons I Samuel 31:9,10. The head was deposited (probably at Ashdod) in the temple of Dagon (I Chronicles 10:10). The corpse was buried at Jabesh-gilead I Samuel 31:13.”.
I Chronicles 11:3 Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel (heard of EL) (shem-oo-ale’). —> David made a covenant with them=Here, in I Chronicles 11 it’s “covenant;” whereas, in II Samuel 5:3, it’s “league.” Anyway, David solemnized a covenant between he and the elders of Israel — the representatives of Father’s Children. Once the formality of the covenant was sealed, the leaders came before Father YHVH and anointed David their king. This anointing was for the People’s sake, for David had already been anointed by Father’s Prophet, Samuel, many years prior—when Saul was still king over Israel—to be the future king of Israel following the death of Saul; as Father’s ensample of how a king should not be, Saul was continually disobedient to Father, and therefore, He told Samuel that David was His choice to be the next king.
Anointed David=This is the third and last of David’s three anointing’s: the first was by “Samuel” in I Samuel 16:13; the second was by the “men of Judah” in II Samuel 2:4; and the third by the “elders of Israel” in II Samuel 5:3.
According to the word of the LORD by Samuel=This is also slightly different from II Samuel 5:3, in that, here, Father ensured the verse stated, according to Him through His Prophet Samuel; which was omitted by man in II Samuel 5:3.
Samuel=Son of Elkanah and his wife Hannah—whose name means “Grace.” Hannah was childless like several other famous women in Father’s Word, Namely: Sarai—Abraham’s wife’s name be before Father changed it to Sarah—Rachel—Jacob’s wife and Joseph and Benjamin’s mother—Samson’s mother—Manoah’s un-named wife—and Elisabeth—Zacharias’ wife and John the Baptist’s mother—all of whom Father had shut up their wombs in order that He bring forth a child to do his Will. Hannah went up to Father’s Temple in Shiloh and Prayed to Father, petitioning Him specifically for a son, vowing that, should He grant her petition; then, her son would be under the vow of a Nazarite—Numbers 6—from birth. Father did indeed grant Hannah her petition, and therefore, Elkanah became the father to Father’s Judge—I Samuel 7:6—Priest—I Samuel 7:9—and Prophet—I Samuel 3:20: Samuel. † Samuel was still a young boy—approximately 12 years old according to the Biblical Historian Josephus—when he was placed in Father’s Tabernacle to minister before Father. He then took over the Priesthood after Father called Eli Home to Him. It was Samuel whom Father used to anoint His first 2 man-kings of the House of Israel: first Saul as read in I Samuel 9 and then David in I Samuel 16 the first of two Books named after him. † Samuel was a good Judge, Priest and Prophet, and he reigned over Israel for 40 years, from 1040B.C. to 1000B.C.. However, when he had gotten up in his years, he did as Eli had did before him and he elevated his two sons Joel—also called Vashni in I Chronicles 6:28—and Abiah to the position of priest. That wasn’t so bad; but, also like Eli before him, when his sons became an abomination to both the People and more importantly, Father, he didn’t do anything to put a stop to their practices. Therefore, the People rejected the Priesthood, or more precisely, they rejected Father in favor of a man king to rule over them. It was then that Father used him to anoint His first two man kings. † The etymology of the name Samuel: There are two ways to go with the name Samuel, although it obviously consists of two elements, and the final one is אל, El, the abbreviated form of אלהים, Elohim, denoting the genus God—Father in His Role of Creator of all things: The first part of the name Samuel may come from the noun שם (shem), meaning name. The other way to go to take the first part of the name Samuel from the verb שמע (shama’), meaning to hear: For a meaning of the name Samuel, New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List goes with the noun שם and reads Name Of God and adds: a godly name. Alfred Jones’ (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) goes with the verb שמע and proposes Heard Of God. Jones’ explanation is attractive because it seems to fit the story (Hannah prayed for a child and was heard); but, also because, this verb is the base of the name Simeon, which is the name of the tribe where the name Samuel originated. A drawback of Jones’ explanation is that it fails to address what might have happened to the letter ע (ayin) that’s part of the verb but not of the name Samuel. Still, note that the third son of Jesse is named שמעא (Shimea, which is related to Samuel) in I Chronicles 2:13 but שמעה (Shimeah) in II Samuel 13:3 and 13:32, and שמה (Shammah) in 1 Samuel 16:9 and 17:13. The latter variation also omits the letter ayin. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8050, - שְׁמוּאֵל, - shemû'êl, pronounced - shem-oo-ale’’, and means: From the passive participle of H8085 and H410; heard of YAH; Shemuel, the name of three Israelites: - Samuel, Shemuel. Total KJV occurrences: 140.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Was the son of Elkanah and Hannah, and was born at Ramathaim-zophim, among the hills of Ephraim [RAMAH No. 2]. Before his birth he was dedicated by his mother to the office of a Nazarite and when a young child, 12 years old according to Josephus he was placed in the temple, and ministered unto the Lord before Eli. It was while here that he received his first prophetic call I Samuel 3:1-18. He next appears, probably twenty years afterward, suddenly among the people, warning them against their idolatrous practices I Samuel 7:3,4. Then followed Samuel’s first and, as far as we know, only military achievement, I Samuel 7:5-12, but it was apparently this which raised him to the office of “judge.” He visited, in the discharge of his duties as ruler, the three chief sanctuaries on the west of Jordan --Bethel, Gilgal and Mizpeh I Samuel 7:16. His own residence was still native city, Ramah, where he married, and two sons grew up to repeat under his eyes the same perversion of high office that he had himself witnessed in his childhood in the case of the two sons of Eli. In his old age he shared his power with them I Samuel 8:1-4, but the people dissatisfied, demanded a king, and finally anointed under God’s direction, and Samuel surrendered to him his authority I Samuel 12:1, ... though still remaining judge I Samuel 7:15, He was consulted far and near on the small affairs of life I Samuel 9:7,8. From this fact, combined with his office of ruler, an awful reverence grew up around him. No sacrificial feast was thought complete without his blessing Ibid I Samuel 9:13. A peculiar virtue was believed to reside in his intercession. After Saul was rejected by God, Samuel anointed David in his place and Samuel became the spiritual father of the psalmist-king. The death of Samuel is described as taking place in the year of the close of David’s wanderings. It is said with peculiar emphasis, as if to mark the loss, that “all the Israelites were gathered together” from all parts of this hitherto-divided country, and “lamented him,” and “buried him” within his own house, thus in a manner consecrated by being turned into his tomb I Samuel 25:1. Samuel represents the independence of the moral law, of the divine will, as distinct from legal or sacerdotal enactments, which is so remarkable a characteristic of all the later prophets. He is also the founder of the first regular institutions of religious instructions and communities for the purposes of education.”.
11:4 The taking of Jebus
I Chronicles 11:4 And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace) (Yer-oo-shaw-lah’-im), which is Jebus (trodden, that is, threshing place; and; threshing-floor) (yeb-oos’); where the Jebusites (trodden, that is, threshing place) (yeb-oo-see’) were, the inhabitants of the land. —> David and all the warriors of Israel went up to conquer the city and make it the city where the king of Israel would reside. One slight problem—which really won’t be a problem for David and the warriors of Israel—the city was inhabited by the Jebusites, who—falsely—believe they can withstand the torrent which is about to engulf them. They’re even bold enough to issue a challenge to David and his men. Of course, part of the reason they are so bold is because they know their lineage. What is their lineage? Their ancestors had been mating with the fallen angels who had returned after the flood of Noah’s day. This makes them giants, hence their boldness—for further clarification, see: Genesis 6; and Dr. Bullingers Companion Bible Appendix 23 and 25. They obviously either haven’t heard what David did to Goliath; or, these Jebusites think they’re mightier and stronger than the Philistine giants. They’re about to find out they’re wrong.
Jerusalem=Jerusalem, like several other of the cities of our forefathers, is rich in history. When our forefathers moved into the Promised Land, Jerusalem—Jebus as it was known as at the time; though, we can also go back as far as the Book of Joshua; Joshua 10:1, and the Book of Judges; Judges 1:8 and read that it had already been called Jerusalem—was in the hands of the Canaanites, and more specifically, the Jebusites. It stayed that way for hundreds of years before David, as king, mustered the troops to fight against the Jebusites and capture Father’s most favorite place in all His Created Universe. † We find in the entomology of the name Jerusalem that, without a doubt, the second and dominant part of the name reminded—then and now—of the word שלום (shalom), meaning: peace. The root of this word, שלם (shalem), denotes completeness, wholeness and soundness: In this sense, the name Jerusalem is related to some other famous names from the David saga: Solomon and Absalom. The first part of the name Jerusalem may likely have reminded a Hebrew audience of the verb ירה (yara), throw, cast or shoot; Perhaps the name Jerusalem was never changed, but only Hebraized, because it seems to mean Rain Of Peace. Jerusalem was to be the radiating heart of a world of completeness and wholeness. It seems that history supplied her with a most suiting name. As I said in the opening of the description here; Jerusalem is rich with history, far too much to list here; but, of particular note, or importance is this tidbit: it was the land that our Father took to be His Wife;—Ezekiel 16:3—but, as can be read in Jeremiah 3:8, because of our forefathers being sottish, He issued her a bill of divorcement. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3389, - ירוּשׁלם, or ירוּשׁלים, - Yerûshâlaim, or Yerûshâlayim, pronounced - Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im, or Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-yim , and means: A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999, founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine: - Jerusalem.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.
Jebus=Jebus was the city and home of the Jebusites; and, was the former name of the House of Judah’s Capital City, which David renamed: Jerusalem, after capturing\conquering the Jebusites. † It’s sort of funny in a non-humorous kind of way that, the Jebusites are mentioned in 39 verses with 41 matches; but, yet, their capital city of Jebus is only mentioned in 4 verses with 4 matches: Judges 19:10 and 19:11; and I Chronicles 11:4 and I Chronicles 11:5. † The etymology of the name Jebus is derived from the common Hebrew verb בוס (bus), meaning to trample down: For a meaning of the name Jebus, New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List reads Trodden Underfoot. Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Treading Down. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2982, - יְבוּס, - yebûs, pronounced - yeb-oos’, and means: From H947; trodden; that is, threshing place; Jebus, the aboriginal name of Jerusalem: - Jebus. Total KJV occurrences: 41.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “(threshing-floor), one of the names of Jerusalem, the city of the Jebusites, are called JEBUSI Joshua 15:8; 18:16,28; Judges 19:10,11; I Chronicles 11:4,5, [JERUSALEM].”.
The Jebusite(s)=There is very much history\information concerning “The Jebusite” and the Strong’s Hebrew word associated with it; Hebrew word number: H2983. The name, title, or word, Jebusite, is mentioned 14 times in Father's Word, 12 of which, are outside the genealogical listings of Genesis 10 and I Chronicles 1; however, the Strong’s Hebrew word associated with it, is mentioned in 39 verses with 41 matches. The Jebusite was the founder of Jebus; however, after our forefathers inhabited the land, they renamed it: Jerusalem. The Citadel was afterward Zion, which was South of Moriah II Samuel 5:6-9, we can compare this with Ezekiel 16:3,45 which explains the connection of the Jebusite here, with the Amorite and the Hittite (Heth) of v1:15 below. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2983, - יבוּסי, - yebûsı̂y, pronounced - yeb-oo-see’, and means: Patrial from H2982; a Jebusite or inhabitant of Jebus: - Jebusite(-s).. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The Jebusites, were descended from the third son of Canaan Genesis 10:16; I Chronicles 1:14. The actual people first appear in the invaluable report of the spies Numbers 13:29. When Jabin organized his rising against Joshua, the Jebusites joined him Joshua 11:3. “Jebus, which is Jerusalem," ” lost its king in the slaughter of Beth-horon Joshua 10:1,5,26, with which we can compare with Joshua 12:10. Was sacked and burned by the men of Judah Judges 1:21, and its citadel finally scaled and occupied by David II Samuel 5:6. After this they emerge from the darkness but once, in the person of Araunah the Jebusite, “Araunah the king,” who appears before us in true kingly dignity in his well-known transaction with David II Samuel 24:23; I Chronicles 21:24,25.”.
11:5 The taking of Jebus
I Chronicles 11:5 And the inhabitants of Jebus said to David, “Thou shalt not come hither.” Nevertheless David took the castle of Zion (a monumental or guiding pillar; or, sunny, height) (tsee-yone’), which is the city of David. —> These verses here in I Chronicles 11 don’t really do any justice as to what truly was said by the Jebusites; and, what our forefathers did in response. So, let’s read what really transpired, from II Samuel 5: II Samuel 5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, “Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: ” thinking, David cannot come in hither. —> Sadly, the KJV 1611 translators have really done a poor translation of this verse. What the Jebusites really said to David was this; “You king David, and your Israelite Army, are so weak; and we so strong, that, even our blind and our lame can prevent you from entering into our city.” These Jebusite giants were so over confident that they thought they could withstand any attack by Israel. They just didn’t realize that with Father YHVH on your side, you have the victory — David had Father; whereas, the Jebusites did not. David and our forefathers; because of Father being on their side, got the victory. [5:7] Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David. —>
Strong hold of Zion=This is the hill of Ophel which is immediately south of Mount Moriah. Zion=Dr. Bullinger notes the following in his Companion Bible and also in his Book Number in Scripture: “This is the first occurrence of the 154 times it is mentioned in the Old Testament. The number One Hundred Fifty-four being a multiple of 7 (Seven: Spiritual Perfection\Completeness) by 22 (TWENTY-TWO: Being the double of eleven, has the significance of that number in an intensified form, —disorganization and disintegration, especially in connection with the Word of God. For the number two is associated with the second person of the Godhead, the living Word. It is associated with the worst of Israel’s kings,—Jeroboam (I Kings 14:20), and Ahab (I Kings 16:29), each reigning 22 years. Eleven, we have seen, derives its significance by being an addition to Divine order (10), and a subtraction from Divine rule (12). These are two of the three ways in which the written Word of God can be corrupted—the third being alteration. “The words of the LORD are pure words”—words pertaining to this world and therefore requiring to be purified. But these words have been altered, taken from, and added to by man. Is there anything in this which connects it with the fact that the letters of the alphabet (Hebrew) are twenty-two in number? Does it point to the fact that the revelation of God in being committed to human language and to man’s keeping would thereby be subject to disintegration and corruption?), Zion is also used later in Father’s Word (especially in prophesy) of the whole city.”.
Zion=Zion, or, Mount Zion, was the easternmost of the two hills of ancient Jerusalem—which at the time of David’s capturing the city, was still known as Jebus—it lay on the South-Eastern side of the city, located within the city itself—with that being said, you have to understand that though Zion was within the city, at the same time, it was also separate unto itself as it sat atop the hill. When David and our forefathers of the Israelite army defeated the Jebusites and captured Jerusalem, king David established Zion as the royal Capital, and Mount Zion and the citadel which had been built by the Jebusites, became his citadel; or, palace; and, it was also renamed at that time to, “the City of David.” Beings it sat atop a hill, it was the perfect place as, it afforded the king a beautiful, clear, unobstructed view of all Jerusalem. In the Old Testament, Zion is overwhelmingly a poetic and prophetic designation, and is very infrequently used in ordinary form of spoken or written language. It usually has emotional and religious overtones; but, it is not clear why the name Zion, rather than Jerusalem, should carry these overtones. The religious and emotional qualities of the name, arise from the importance of Jerusalem as the royal city and the city of the Father’s Temple. Mount Zion is the place where Father dwells—Isaiah 8:18; Psalm 74:2,—the place where He is king—Isaiah 24:23—and where He installed His man king, king David—Psalm 2:6—all these attributes make clear to see why it was the seat of action in our forefather’s history. † The etymology of the name Zion: Because Zion was originally not Israeli, the name Zion comes to us probably from a language other than Hebrew. Harris Archer Waltke (HAW) Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament mentions an Arabic root s-w-n, meaning to protect or defend, which may give Zion the meaning of fortress. Others (says HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament) suggest derivation from a root saha, be bald. Spelled the way it is, however, the name Zion is identical to the Hebrew word ציון (sayon) either meaning place of dryness, or monument: On the Biblical canvass, the name Zion means Dry Place. Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Very Dry. New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List goes with the Arabic cognate mentioned above, and reads Fortress. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6726, - צִיּוֹן, - tsı̂yôn, pronounced - tsee-yone’, and means: The same (regular) as H6725; a monumental or guiding pillar; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem: - Zion. Total KJV occurrences: 154.. † Now from the Easton’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “sunny; height, one of the eminences on which Jerusalem was built. It was surrounded on all sides, except the north, by deep valleys, that of the Tyropoeon (q.v.) separating it from Moriah (q.v.), which it surpasses in height by 105 feet. It was the south-eastern hill of Jerusalem. When David took it from the Jebusites Joshua 15:63; II Samuel 5:7, he built on it a citadel and a palace, and it became “the city of David” I Kings 8:1; I Kings 19:21; I Kings 19:31; I Chronicles 11:5. In the later books of the Old Testament this name was sometimes used Psalms 87:2; 149:2; Isaiah 33:14; Joel 2:1, to denote Jerusalem in general, and sometimes God’s chosen Israel Psalms 51:18; 87:5. In the New Testament (see SION) it is used sometimes to denote the Church of God Hebrews 12:22, and sometimes the heavenly city Revelation 14:1.”.
11:6 Forces. (Chief, Joab.)
I Chronicles 11:6 And David said, “Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain.” So Joab (YHVH-fathered); or, whose father is YHVH) (yo-awb’) the son of Zeruiah (wounded; or, balsam) (tser-oo-yaw’) went first up, and was chief. —> Let us again turn to II Samuel 5 to read how this was written, and what was stated there: [5:8] And David said on that day, “Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David’s soul, he shall be chief and captain.” Wherefore they said, “The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.” —> To the gutter=David wasn’t too pleased with the Jebusites boldness in their rebuke of the strength of Father YHVH; or, himself and his army, he therefore was issuing a command, or, challenge, to his men that, whosoever broke through the city walls so that the rest of the army could follow and defeat their enemy, would be made a ruler over many men. In the phrase “to the gutter,” in the Hebrew, this means “by, or through the zinnor.” The “zinnor” was a rock cut passage from the lower Gihon, or En-rogel—today called the Virgin’s fount on the east of Ophel—which brought water through the passage to the city. In other words, this was how the city was supplied with water, and even a siege could not stop the water from flowing to the city. We can compare what David was saying here, with how the city looked in the future, when Nehemiah and the Israelites were about to move back into it and rebuild it, as can be read in Nehemiah 2: Nehemiah 2:11 So I came to Jerusalem, and was there three days. —> Nehemiah loved their Capital City and could not wait to get back and start rebuilding it; but, he would be surprised how destroyed he would find the city once he got there. Once there, shocked isn’t a strong enough word to describe what he found. He spent three days looking around and surveying the damage that Nebuchadnezzar and his men had done. [2:12] And I arose in the night, I and some few men with me; neither told I any man what my God had put in my heart to do at Jerusalem: neither was there any beast with me, save the beast that I rode upon. —>
Nehemiah hadn’t taken anything except himself, some men, and the animals they rode upon back to Jerusalem. Listen now to how he describes finding the once beautiful city: [2:13] And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the dragon well, and to the dung port, and viewed the walls of Jerusalem, which were broken down, and the gates thereof were consumed with fire. —> Nehemiah finds that, all the walls are no longer standing; even the gates were burned upon their hinges. When Nebuchadnezzar and his men besieged the city seventy years previous, sadly, they utterly gutted it. [2:14] Then I went on to the gate of the fountain, and to the king’s pool: but there was no place for the beast that was under me to pass. —> Rubble was strewn everywhere making riding upon an animal impossible; heck, in a lot of the places, even the animals themselves couldn’t pass.
Returning to the present, we find David is telling his men that, they need to find a way into the city. Whosoever...shall be chief and captain=Our verse here in I Chronicles 11:6 answers who made it first, and thus became “chief and captain.” It was David’s sister’s son—David’s nephew—Joab, who made it up to Zinnor first. This is also how he was made captain of David’s little rag-tag army. Josephus says in his writings that, a man named Araunah who was a friend of David’s, owned property near to Jerusalem, and it was probably he, who revealed the secrets of the passage to Joab in order for him and the army to gain entry, and thus defeat the Jebusites. David rewarded Araunah by sparing him his life after the Israelites took the city, and we read of him again, in, II Samuel 24:16. The blind and the lame=This phrase really has nothing to do with the lame and\or the handicapped; for, it is only in reference to the strength and fortification of the city of Jebus itself. Father takes care of the handicapped, and he loves them very much. When a handicapped person speaks out for Father, it has a very strong influence on those listening; as, they can see the love of Father through that handicapped person. Again, the phrase and the slam given by the Jebusites, was because they truly believed that they could not be defeated by anyone.
Joab=Of the 125 verses mentioning him, and the 146 matches for his name and the Strong’s Hebrew word number—H3097—associated with his name, Joab, is the most spoken about of David’s three nephews by his sister Zeruiah; three of those 125 verses and 146 matches—Ezra 2:6; 8:9; and Nehemiah 7:11—are of Joab’s descendants. Joab was Zeruiah’s middle son, with Abishai being the older, and Asahel being the younger. Some of Joab’s more notable facts are: Before David became king of the entire House of Israel; while Saul’s son Ish-bosheth was king of the divided House of Israel, appointed by Saul’s captain Abner, Joab and a contingency of men met to face off with Abner and his men at the Pool of Gibeon. The men had gathered to conduct mock-war in order to prevent all-out war between the two nations; however, sadly, their simulated war of sending out 12 men from each side to fend against each other in a “winner take all” mock war sport quickly escalated into something more sinister: war, as each man grabbed his foe by the beard and they all thrust each other through with their weapons of war, killing each other. That little war-play intensified and worsened; and, the next thing they all knew, they were engaging in real war, with Joab’s 600 battle-tested warriors overpowering Abner’s men who had just suffered a major defeat at the hands of the Philistines. It was at this little mock-war which quickly turned into true war that Joab’s younger brother Asahel chased down the more experienced Abner, who warned him off three times to no avail, and when Asahel charged; Abner had no choice but to defend himself; and, he slew the younger, less experienced Asahel. Joab considered it murder, and later, he conspired and murdered Abner for it. Because of his courage and leading the assault on the fortress of Jebus, Joab was promoted to the rank of General as can be read in I Chronicles 11:4-6 and 27:34. † The etymology of the name Joab consist of two elements: The first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred name of Father. This very short abbreviation of YHVH also occurs in the names Jochebed and Jonathan. The second element of the name Joab is אב (ab): The name Joab means Yah Is Father. New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List reads Yahveh Is Father. Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Lord Father or Whose Father Is The Lord. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3097, - יוֹאָב, - yô'âb, pronounced - yo-awb’, and means: From H3068 and H1; Jehovah-fathered; Joab, the name of three Israelites: - Joab. Total KJV occurrences: 145.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The most remarkable of the three nephews of David, the children of Zeruiah, David’s sister. Joab first appears after David’s accession to the throne at Hebron. Abner slew in battle Asahel, the youngest brother of Joab; and when David afterward received Abner into favor, Joab treacherously murdered him. There was now no rival left in the way of Joab’s advancement, and at the siege of Jebus he was appointed for his prowess commander-in-chief — “captain of the host.” In the wide range of wars which David undertook, Joab was the acting general. He was called by the almost regal title of “lord," ”in II Samuel 11:11 and “the prince of the king’s army” in I Chronicles 27:34. In the entangled relations which grew up in David’s domestic life he bore an important part, successfully reinstating Absalom in David’s favor after the murder of Amnon (II Samuel 14:1-20). When the relations between father and son were reversed by the revolt of Absalom, Joab remained true to the king, taking the rebel prince’s dangerous life in spite of David’s injunction to spare him, and when no one else had courage to act so decisive a part II Samuel 18:2 and 11-15. The king transferred the command to Amasa, which so enraged Joab that he adroitly assassinated Amasa when pretending to welcome him as a friend in II Samuel 20:10. Friendly relations between himself and David seem to have existed afterward (II Samuel 24:2), but at the close of his long life, his loyalty, so long unshaken, at last wavered. “Though he had not turned after Absalom, he turned after Adonijah” (I Kings 2:28). This probably filled up the measure of the king’s long-cherished resentment. The revival of the pretensions of Adonijah after David’s death was sufficient to awaken the suspicions of Solomon. Joab fled to the shelter of the altar at Gibeon, and was here slain by Benaiah.”.
Zeruiah=There are 25 verses with 26 matches in Father’s Word for David’s sister Zeruiah and the strong’s Hebrew word number—H6870—associated with her name. Of these 25 verses with 26 matches, 1—I Chronicles 2:17—lists her as David’s sister, and in every other verse and match for her name, we read: “son(s) of Zeruiah”. Of the woman herself, we know nothing, not even her husband’s name. The only thing we do know for sure is, that, she was indeed David’s sister, and the mother of three of David’s heroes. † The etymology of the name Zeruiah: Scholars are in disagreement about the meaning and etymology of the name Zeruiah. New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List and Brown Driver Briggs (BDB) Theological Dictionary think that the name Zeruiah comes from the unused root צרה and its sole derivative, the noun צרי, meaning balsam: And thus, for a meaning of the name Zeruiah, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Balsam, which would require the masculine noun צרי (sari) to be made feminine by adding the regular letter ה (he). Note that by so doing our word or name terminates in יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred name of Father. This could be an exception (others are the names Aiah, Arieh and Zibiah) but since the name Zeruiah doesn’t exist as a regular noun, this forced feminization might in fact be a reference to the Lord, and Zeruiah means Balsam Of Yah. Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names won’t have any of that, and goes after an unused and hitherto unknown root צרה, which is strikingly similar to the root shown above, and which shows up in Chaldean and Syriac as a verb meaning to cleave. Hence Jones reads Cleft. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6870, - צְרוּיָה, - tserûyâh, pronounced - tser-oo-yaw’, and means: Feminine participle passive from the same as H6875; wounded; Tserujah, an Israelitess: - Zeruiah. Total KJV occurrences: 26.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The mother of the three leading heroes of David’s army—Abishai, Joab and Asahel — known as the “sons of Zeruiah.” Of Zeruiah's husband there is no mention in the Father’s Word.”.
11:7-9 The taking of Jebus.
I Chronicles 11:7 And David dwelt in the castle; therefore they called it the city of David. —> If I haven’t stressed strong enough, or made clear yet, how this entire area was laid out, and what all transpired; allow me to do so now: The city of Jebus,\Jerusalem is located 14 miles west of the Dead Sea, 33 miles east of the Mediterranean. Bethlehem lies about 5 miles to the southeast. The city is situated on an uneven rocky plateau at an elevation of 2,550 feet. It is 3,800 feet above the level of the Dead Sea. It is poetically called “beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth” in Psalms 48:2. Its location has helped to give it prestige and protection. Jerusalem stands at a point where three steep-sided little ravines join to form one valley. They are the Kidron, Tyropoeon, and Hinnom valleys. The Kidron runs north and south and lies on the east of the city. Between it and the Tyropoeon Valley—also north-south—a long, narrow spur extends southward; on this stood the Jebusite town conquered by David. Then a esternmost hill, known as Zion, stands between the Tyropoeon and the Hinnom, which runs north and south and then curves in an easterly direction to join the other two valleys. To the east of the Kidron rises the Mount of Olives. Anyway, Mount Zion was a fairly large Mount which atop the Mount sat a fortified stronghold, this Mount was completely separate from the city of Jebus. What happened was, David and his men conquered and destroyed the city of Jebus pretty easily; however, once they overran Jebus, they still had to conquer the fortified Mount. It was this fortified Mount from which the Jebusites told David that, even if they cleared our all their army and left only the blind and the lame, David and his men would not be able to capture the fort. It was this fortified citadel which David told his men that, whoever did capture it, would be made chief and captain. Joab led a force and went up and was able to capture it and, then once it was in Israel’s hands, David rebuilt the citadel, made it his own castle, and they renamed the Mount: the city of David.
City of David=Which was on Jebus, and therefore, not on the West side of the city. This is also the first occurrence of this phrase in Father’s Word, and it is mentioned forty-one other times in the Old Testament, five— the number of grace—of them used of Zion: II Samuel 5:7,9; I Kings 8:1; I Chronicles 11:5, and II Chronicles 5:2. Usually when someone conquered a city, that city was then named for the person who conquered it, as is the case here. They re-named Zion to “The City of David,” David later renamed it Jerusalem or “habitation of peace.”
I Chronicles 11:8 And he built the city round about, even from Millo (a rampart (as filled in), that is, the citadel; or, a rampart or mound) (mil-lo’) round about: and Joab repaired the rest of the city. —> Once our forefathers had defeated the Jebusites, they set about to rebuild both the newly renamed “City of David,” and the newly renamed city of “Jerusalem.” As we read here, David put his nephew Joab in charge of all this construction and rebuilding, in other words, he redirected his army’s course, so to speak, and now set them to rebuilding and fortifying his newly acquired cities.
Millo=Opinions by all the different scholars differ on what Millo actually was: Some believe it was just a fortification; some believe it was the citadel which David moved into after he had had it restored; some believe it was a wall which Joab had re-strengthened in order to protect the city; while, some others believe that, it probably was the Canaanite name of some fortification, consisting of walls filled in with earth and stones, which protected Jerusalem on the north as its outermost defense. This author is unsure as, he was not present when this rebuilding was taking place; so, I cannot factually state, I can only offer conjecture: I believe this, beings we know that the citadel was on a hill, and since both the Strong’ Concordance, and the Smith’s Bible Dictionary state that Millo was “a rampart, or a mound;” I believe it was a strengthened wall, made up of earth and stone, built around the base of Mount Zion, now known as “The City of David,” in order to further bolster the protection the king’s city and palace. † The etymology of the name Millo . † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4407, - מִלּוֹא or מִלֹּא, - millô' or millô', pronounced - mil-lo’ or mil-lo’, and means: From H4390; a rampart (as filled in), that is, the citadel: - Millo. See also H1037. Total KJV occurrences: 9.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “(a rampart, mound) a place in ancient Jerusalem. Both name and place seem to have been already in existence when the city was taken from the Jebusites by David II Samuel 5:9; I Chronicles 11:8. Its repair or restoration was one of the great works for which Solomon raised his “levy,” I Kings 9:15,24; 11:27, and it formed a prominent part of the fortifications by which Hezekiah prepared for the approach of the Assyrians II Chronicles 32:5. The last passage seems to show that “the Milo” was part of the “city of David,” that is, of Zion, compare with II Kings 12:20.”.
I Chronicles 11:9 So David waxed greater and greater: for the LORD of hosts was with him. —> Why did David wax, meaning: become or, grow, stronger? Because, Father was with him, and why was Father with him? Because, he Honored, Served, and Worshiped Father.
LORD of hosts=This is Father in His role or title of YHVH Tseva'ot, Tsebâ'âh; or, — YHVH Sabaioth if we translate it, it is Father in His role of being over His Army. We read in II Samuel 5:10, that His Title is slightly expanded to: “LORD God of hosts,” now including ELOHIM, i.e., — Creator of All things in the Title.
11:10-12:37 Forces. Chiefs,
11:10-12:37 THE FORCES.
11:10-47 David’s mighty
11:10-47 DAVID’s MIGHTY
11:10 The mighty men.
I Chronicles 11:10 These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel. —>
Who strengthened themselves with him=This should actually read, “who held strongly with him,”. These captains of David’s are introduced here—in I Chronicles 11—at the beginning of David’s reign, instead of at the end of it,—as recorded in II Samuel 23:8-39. Both positions are full of instruction: here in I Chronicles 11, we see moral (according to the Word of the LORD); whereas, in II Samuel 23, it’s chronological.
In the next three verses, we’ll read of the three fiercest of all of David’s warriors. These three mighty men of David’s were Generals of his army, and they were with him right up to the end of his reign as read in II Samuel 23:8-39. Of all the mighty men of war who had fought by David’s side up to his last days, it was these three who stood out as the greatest; and, whom David talked about while on his deathbed. These three were: (1) his nephew, Joab, the son of his sister Zeruiah; (2) Jashobeam, a Hachmonite who fought and killed eight hundred Philistines with his spear; and lastly, (3) Eleazar, the son of Dodo who was afraid of nothing and stood with David as they were fighting against the Philistines, when all the other of David’s host had ran from the battlefield in fear.
11:11 The mighty men.
I Chronicles 11:11 And this is the number of the mighty men whom David had; Jashobeam (people will return; or, to whom the people turn) (yaw-shob-awm’), an Hachmonite, the chief of the captains: he lifted up his spear against three hundred slain by him at one time. —> .
This Bible Study was written by Scott Reis and is provided in order to be used as a private Bible Study Tool. Therefore, it may be copied in whole or in part and shared for private Bible Study; however, it may not be reproduced and published as an original work.