|* I Chronicles 3
I Chronicles 1 brought us the “Key of David,” i.e., the key which opens the door which no man can shut, and shuts the door which no man can open. Only Father can do this, and Father opened these Books of the Chronicles by showing us that, His Story concerns the lineage through which He will become flesh as His Only Begotten Son: Jesus Christ. The only time any of the other races He Created are mentioned in His Word, are when they come in contact with our Forefathers: The Israelites. I Chronicles 1 opened mentioning 3 names: Adam, Sheth, Enosh. Not mentioned in the lineage were Cain; as, he was NOT Adam’s son, nor Abel; as, he was murdered by Cain before he had any posterity.
I Chronicles 2 continued tracing the genealogy, it began with the sons of Jacob,—Israel—the 12 patriarchs who would become the fathers of the 12 Tribes collectively known as “The House of Israel.”
The Chapter closed with us again seeing the benefit of knowing and understanding the “Key of David;” as, it showed us who had slipped in—the kenites; i.e., those who claim to be of Judah; but, do lie, and are in fact, of the synagogue of satan—and were\are trying to hide themselves in the True Genealogical Listing.
With that introduction being said, let’s go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: “Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word, and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus’ Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen.”
I Chronicles 1:1-9:1 UP TO
1:1-9:1 UP TO THE
1:1-8:40 In detail.
1:1-8:40 IN DETAIL.
3:1-24 DIRECT DESCENT.
DAVID TO ZEDEKIAH.
3:1-9 The sons of David.
I Chronicles 3:1 Now these were the sons of David (loving; or well-beloved) (Daw-veed’), which were born unto him in Hebron (seat of association; or, alliance) (kheb-rone’); the firstborn Amnon (faithful; and, faithful) (am-ee-nohn’), of Ahinoam (brother of pleasantness; or, brother of grace, i.e., gracious) (akh-ee-no’-am) the Jezreelitess (yiz-reh-ay-leeth’); the second Daniel (judge of YAH; or, judgment of YAH) (daw-nee-ale’), of Abigail (father (that is source) of joy; and, father i.e., source, of joy) (ab-ee-gal’) the Carmelitess (female inhabitant of Carmel) (kar-mel-eeth’): —> As I stated in my opening comments\introduction, this Chapter opens by telling us which of David’s children were born to which wife, and in which city.
David=I could spend days discussing David and his life; literally, an entire Book—II Samuel—covered most of what David accomplished as king of Israel. David was a man after Father’s own heart, and though he made a few mistakes, David always tried to please Father in all that he did; therefore, Father loved David; so much so that, He chose David as the Line to bring forth the Branch, The Bright Morning Star, Immanuel\Emmanuel, God in the Flesh: Jesus. Even though Father chose David, it doesn’t mean that David never sinned as, David indeed did sin. He committed adultery with the wife of one of his soldiers; and, then had that soldier murdered by ordering his being put on the front lines of the hottest part of the battle. David was not perfect; however, he was obedient in the end; and, in the end, he left judgment in Father’s hand. All the other kings of Judah and some of the kings of Israel will be judged; or, compared to David; and, the one thing which can always be said of David is that, not one time had David ever fallen away into idolatry. But, what else can we take away from David? If you sin: repent to Father and then leave the correction and judgment in Father’s hands. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1732, - דּוד, or דּויד, - dâvid, or dâvı̂yd, pronounced - daw-veed’, or daw-veed’ and means: From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse: - David. Total KJV occurrences: 1076., The description of David in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: David.
Hebron=Hebron is rich with history for our forefathers; as such, we find that there are 68 verses and 73 matches for the name Hebron, and the Strong’s Hebrew word number—H2275—associated with it in Father’s Word; or, in either the Strong’s Concordance and\or on E-Sword. We read in Genesis 13 that, after Father had Blessed Abram—this was even before He changed his name to Abraham—and told him to move himself and his family—his wife Sari and his nephew Lot—to Mamre, which is Hebron; and, which is also Kirjath-arba, which is also in Canaan: i.e., the Promised Land. Hebron is also where Sarah died and was buried; in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which belonged to Ephron the Hittite, who was the son of Zohar, another Hittite. This was significant; as, Abraham paid cash money,—and got a receipt for his purchase—for this piece of land, which as I said, is the Promised Land; and, as such, the muslims truly have no claim on this land!! After Father brought our forefathers up, out of thier bondage to the Egyptians, Joshua and the Israelite Army fought many battles in Hebron before conquering it and taking it for a possession. Once Hebron became Israelite territory, it was given to the Priests in order to be a city of refuge, a sanctuary city where someone who accidentally killed somebody else could flee until trial was conducted. Later still, David too fought many battles in Hebron, as a matter of fact, as we read in I Samuel 30:31 that, Hebron was one of the places that David and his men were wont to haunt. Hebron was the first place that David was made king over the House of Judah, he reigned there over Judah for seven years, six months before being crowned king of the entire House of Israel. There is much more history in Hebron; however, space and time constraints prevent me from expounding further. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2275, - חֶבְרוֹן, - chebrôn, pronounced - kheb-rone’, and means: From H2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites: - Hebron. Total KJV occurrences: 71., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “A city of Judah Joshua 15:54, situated among the mountains Joshua 20:7, 20 Roman miles south of Jerusalem, and the same distance north of Beersheba. Hebron is one of the most ancient cities in the world still existing; and in this respect it is the rival of Damascus. It was a well-known town when Abraham entered Canaan, 3800 years ago Genesis 13:18. Its original name was Kirjath-arba Judges 1:10, "the city of Arba;" so called from Arba the father of Anak Joshua 15:13,14; 21:13. Sarah died at Hebron; and Abraham then bought from Ephron the Hittite the field and cave of Machpelah, to serve as a family tomb Genesis 23:2-20. The cave is still there, and the massive walls of the Haram or mosque, within which it lies, form the most remarkable object in the whole city. Abraham is called by Mohammedans el-Khulil , "the Friend," i.e. of God, and this is the modern name of Hebron. Hebron now contains about 5000 inhabitants, of whom some fifty families are Jews. It is picturesquely situated in a narrow valley, surrounded by rocky hills. The valley runs from north to south; and the main quarter of the town, surmounted by the lofty walls of the venerable Haram, lies partly on the eastern slope Genesis 37:14, compare with Genesis 23:19. About a mile from the town, up the valley, is one of the largest oak trees in Palestine. This, say some, is the very tree beneath which Abraham pitched his tent, and it still bears the name of the patriarch.”.
Amnon=Amnon was David’s first born, his mother was Ahinoam II Samuel 3:2-5. So, what else do we know of Amnon? He was a sorry man; if the word man even fits. Why do I say this? Because when he became of age, he lusted after his half-sister Tamar; and, when she refused his advances, he devised a scheme with a friend of his to lure her into his bedchamber, and then he raped her, and after he had his way with her, he added further insult to injury by “hating her exceedingly”—II Samuel 13:15—and wanting nothing more to do with her. Tamar’s brother: Absalom,—David’s third eldest son—later killed Amnon for his actions. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H550, - אַמְנוֹן, or אֲמִינוֹן , - 'amnôn, or 'ămı̂ynôn, pronounced – am-nohn’, or am-ee-nohn’, and means: From H539; faithful; Amnon (or Aminon), a son of David: - Amnon. Total KJV occurrences: 28., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Eldest son of David. He dishonored his half-sister Tamar, and was in consequence murdered by her brother II Samuel 13:1-29.”.
Ahinoam=Etymologically speaking, Ahinoam is part of a cluster of Biblical אֲחִ names, and the ah–part is usually translated “brother;” however, as we can see, in this case, that doesn’t hold; as, Ahinoam is a woman. Ahinoam was David’s second wife, his first after Saul’s daughter Michal was taken back by her father and given to another man, whose name was Phalti. Ahinoam was either born in; or, raised in Jezreel. I say this because, as we read in this verse, she is identified as a Jezreelitess. She bear David’s oldest son Amnon, who did not get to be crowned king after his father because he raped his half-sister Tamar. When David and his men were on the run from Saul and basing themselves out of Ziplag, they went on a raid one day and as they were gone, the Amalekites came in and captured David and all his men’s possessions, taking Ahinoam and David’s other wife: Abigail captive in the process. First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H293, - אֲחִינֹעַם, - 'ăchı̂ynô‛am, pronounced - akh-ee-no’-am, and means: From H251 and H5278; brother of pleasantness; Achinoam, the name of two Israelitesses: - Ahinoam. Total KJV occurrences: 7., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “A native of Jezreel who was married to David during his wandering life I Samuel 25:43. She lived with him and his other wife Abigail at the court of Achish I Samuel 27:3, was taken prisoner with her by the Amalekites when they plundered Ziklag I Samuel 30:5, but was rescued by David I Samuel 30:18.”.
Jezreelitess=The town of Jezreel,—like many in Father’s Story,—is replete with history; as, many things occurred there. To begin with, as can be read in Joshua 15, and more specifically 15:56, after conquering the Canaanites, Jezreel was a town which originally was given to the Tribe of Judah as our forefathers moved into the Promised Land. Many other battles were fought in Jezreel, most against the Philistines. After the death of Saul,—Israel’s first man king—Jezreel was where Abner—Saul’s Commanding General of his army—took Saul’s son Ish-bosheth and crowned him king over the Nation Israel, though Judah followed after David, Father’s anointed king. Jezreel also played a large part during the reign of king Ahab as, Jezreel was the home of a man named Naboth. Naboth, if you’ll recall, had a vineyard, a very nice vineyard, one which king Ahab coveted and envied; but, Naboth, following Father’s Law, refused the king. So, the king went home and cried to his wife Jezebel, who went to see Naboth herself, Naboth again refused to yield; so, Jezebel conspired with some men of belial and had Naboth and his sons put to death by saying that they blasphemed the king. After humiliating and then slaughtering Jezebel’s false priests and prophets up on MT Carmel, Elijah—who had Father’s Hand on him—outran Ahab’s chariot to the entrance of Jezreel. Jezreel was also where Father’s Prophesy concerning Jezebel came to pass; as, it was in Jezreel where Jehu and those who were already in Jezebel’s house threw Jezebel out the window. They threw her with enough force that; if the fall itself didn’t kill her, the force of her hitting the ground finished her off; but, know this, she hit the ground with enough force that her blood splattered onto the wall of her house and onto Jehu’s horses, and to ever further ensure she was dead, Jehu had his horses trample her under their hoofs. Jehu also smote the rest of Ahab’s offspring in Jezreel. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3159, - יִזְרְעֵאלִית, - yizre‛ê'lı̂yth, pronounced - yiz-reh-ay-leeth’, and means: Feminine of H3158; a Jezreelitess: - Jezreelitess. Total KJV occurrences: 5., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “A woman of Jezreel I Samuel 27:3; 30:5; II Samuel 2:2; 3:2; I Chronicles 3:1.”.
Daniel=The name Daniel consists of two parts: The first part of the name Daniel comes from the Hebrew verb דָנִיֵּ (din), meaning to judge, contend or plead; The postfixed letter ’ (yod), indicates possession; The final part of the name Daniel is אל (El), the abbreviated form of ELOHIM, the Hebrew denotation of the genus God. David’ second son Daniel is only mentioned by the name “Daniel” one time in Father’ Word, and one time as “Chileab,” in II Samuel 3:3. There are no other mentions of either Daniel or Chileab in Father’s Word; as such, we know nothing of the man, except that his mother was Abigail, the widow of Nabal the Carmelite. He may have died before he had any progeny; but, nobody knows for sure. By right, as the second son of David, he should have been second in line to the throne; but, again, we know he did not ascend, but we don’t know why. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H1840, - דָנִיֵּאל, or דָּנִאֵל , - dânı̂yê'l, or dâni'êl, pronounced - daw-nee-yale’, or daw-nee-ale’, and means: From H1835 and H410; judge of God; Daniel or Danijel, the name of two Israelites: - Daniel. Total KJV occurrences: 29., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The second son of David, by Abigail the Carmelitess I Chronicles 3:1. In II Samuel 3:3 he is called Chileab.”.
Abigail=There are 17 verses and matches for the name Abigail and the Strong’s Hebrew word number—H26—associated with it in Father’s Word. There are also 2 women named Abigail in Father’s Word; 1—as we can read in I Samuel 25—had been married to a man named Nabal who had been a very wealthy man,—he was also a fool, hence his name, which means: fool—his residence was in Maon, while his possessions—3,000 sheep and 1,000 goats—were in Carmel, where he had taken them to sell. Anyway, David and his men were on the run from Saul and when they came across Nabal, they requested assistance from him; but, he refused David. As the story wore on, we read that, Father smote Nabal for his refusal to assist His Servant David, later, David took Abigail as one of his wives because when her husband Nabal had refused to assist David, one of Nabal’s servants ran to Abigail and told her what he had done, Abigail realizing the severity of the situation, quickly gathered and made two hundred loaves of bread, took them two bottles of wine, she slaughtered and dressed five sheep, five measures of parched corn, an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs to take to David and his men; the second woman named Abigail—the woman named in this verse—is David’s sister. What do we know from facts concerning David’s sister Abigail? David’s father was Jesse, and Jesse fathered Eliab, Abinadab, Shimma, Nethaneel, Raddai, Ozem, another son who is not named, and then David as his eighth son, he also fathered Zeruiah, David's sister. That, then means, that, either David’s mother lay with another man and bare David's half-sister — Abigail; or, Nahash was David’s mother’s father, and Abigail then is his granddaughter. Remember, Nahash was an Ammonite, making him an Israelite — of the Adamic lineage — so, if he is the father of David’s mother, the blood is still true to, and through David, to Christ Jesus. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H26, - אֲבִיגַיִל, or אֲבִיגַל , - 'ăbı̂ygayil, or 'ăbı̂ygal, pronounced - ab-ee-gah'yil, or ab-ee-gal’, and means: From H1 and H1524; father (that is source) of joy; Abigail or Abigal, the name of two Israelitesses: - Abigal. Total KJV occurrences: 17., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “A sister of David, married to Jether the Ishmaelite, and mother, by him, of Amasa I Chronicles 2:17. In II Samuel 17:25 for Israelite read Ishmaelite.”.
Carmelitess=The word Carmelitess is only used once in Father’s Word,—in I Chronicles 3:1—and it means: a woman from Carmel. There are two different Carmels mentioned in Father’s Word: One a mountain and one a village. The lesser known is the village which was where Israel’s first man king: Saul, built a monument there to himself to congratulate himself and commemorate his victory over the Amalekites. His taking of the spoils of war from this battle cost him his crown; as, Father had told him to utterly destroy all the Amalekites and all their flocks. The better known Carmel is the mountain on the coast of the Mediterranean sea. It was here that Father’s Prophet Elijah put a hurting on Jezebel’s 450 baal priests and 400 false prophets of baal. Years later, this Carmel became a symbol of beauty, and Solomon wrote about it in His beautiful Love Story in his writings: the Song of Solomon. There isn’t a listing in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary for Carmelitess; so, we’ll go straight to the Strong’s Concordance, and we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3762, - כַּרְמְלִית, - karmelı̂yth, pronounced - kar-mel-eeth’, and means: Feminine of H3761; a Karmelitess or female inhabitant of Karmel: - Carmelitess. Total KJV occurrences: 1..
I Chronicles 3:2 The third, Absalom (father of peace [that is, friendly]; and, father of peace) (ab-shaw-lome’) the son of Maachah (depression; or, oppression) (mah-ak-awth’) the daughter of Talmai (ridged; and, bold) (tal-mah’ee) king of Geshur (bridge; or, a bridge) (ghesh-oor’): the fourth, Adonijah (my Lord is YAH; and, lord (that is, worshipper) of YAH) (ad-o-nee-yaw’-hoo) the son of Haggith (festive; and, a dancer) (khag-gheeth’): —> .
Absalom=Etymologically speaking, the name Absalom is generally spelled אבשלום, but in the second half of II Samuel it’s mostly written as אבשלם, which is pronounced the same and means the same as well. Both versions of the name Absalom consist of the same two elements. The first part consists of the word אב (ab), meaning father: The second part of the name Absalom comes from the familiar Hebrew word שלום (shalom), meaning peace, which in turn comes from the root-verb שלם (shalem), meaning to be complete or sound. Bringing the two parts of his name together then, Absalom’s name means “father of peace.” Noteworthy also, is the fact that Absalom was born in the Jubilee year of 958–957; that, according to II Samuel 14:25-26, he was a very handsome man, having not even one blemish about him; his hair, when cut once a year, weighed 4 pounds, and he had sired 3 sons, none of whom survived to carry on his namesake as, as can be read in 18:18: II Samuel 18:18 (Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself a pillar, which is in the king's dale: for he said, “I have no son to keep my name in remembrance:” and he called the pillar after his own name: and it is called unto this day, Absalom's place.). He also had a daughter whose name was Tamar. Absalom was David’s third oldest son, born of Maachah, who also bare his sister Tamar. When Absalom and Tamar come of age, Tamar gets raped by their older half-brother, David’s oldest son, Amnon; Absalom avenges his sister’s rape by killing Amnon; which sadly, doesn’t please David. Since it did in fact displease David, Absalom fled to Geshur, his place of birth to hide from his father, staying there for two years; then, when he was allowed by David to return to Jerusalem, it would be another two years before he was allowed to see his father. Sometime later, it will be Absalom who in the future will try and usurp the throne from his father David. He’ll go so far as sitting in the gate—the place of judgment—and as the people go by; he’ll ask them if the judgment went the way they thought it should have. If they say, “yes,” then he just let them go; however, if they happened to say, “no,” then, he quickly replied, “if I was king, I would have ruled in your favor,” all in order to gain their “trust and support.” He also hired men to run in front of his chariot wherever he went, declaring, “make way for Absalom.” After doing so; he convinced his father to allow him to go back to Hebron where he sent spies throughout the land in order to see how much support he had, when he found out he had some good backing, he next sent his spies throughout the territory telling them, “As soon as ye hear the sound of trumpets, then shall ye say, ‘Absalom reigneth in Hebron.’ ” When David heard that the people of Israel were with Absalom and against him, he told all those who were with him in Jerusalem that they would flee from Jerusalem. He did this in order to prevent civil war against his own son. For his treasonous insolence of trying to usurp the throne from his father; David gathered his army to war against his son’s army; however, David commanded his army, namely his two nephews Joab and Abishai, to deal gently with his son Absalom. Joab didn’t heed the advice of his uncle; for, he found Absalom—remember that his hair thick and long, well that got him into trouble because it got tangled in the branches of a tree as he tried to ride under it—hanging in a tree by his hair and he killed him as he hung in that tree. Thus ended Absalom’s attempted usurpation of the throne, and his life. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H53, - אֲבִישָׁלוֹם, or אַבְשָׁלוֹם, - 'ăbı̂yshâlôm, or 'abshâlôm, pronounced - ab-ee-shaw-lome’, or ab-shaw-lome’, and means: From H1 and H7965; father of peace (that is, friendly); Abshalom, a son of David; also (the fuller form) a later Israelite: - Abishalom, Absalom. Total KJV occurrences: 111., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Third son of David by Maachah, daughter of Tamai king of Geshur, a Syrian district adjoining the northeast frontier of the Holy Land. Absalom had a sister, Tamar, who was violated by her half-brother Amnon. The natural avenger of such an outrage would be Tamar's full brother Absalom. He brooded over the wrong for two years, and then invited all the princes to a sheep-shearing feast at his estate in Baal-hazor, on the borders of Ephraim and Benjamin. Here he ordered his servants to murder Amnon, and then fled for safety to his grandfather's court at Geshur, where he remained for three years. At the end of that time he was brought back by an artifice of Joab. David, however, would not see Absalom for two more years; but at length Joab brought about a reconciliation. Absalom now began at once to prepare for rebellion. He tried to supplant his father by courting popularity, standing in the gate, conversing with every suitor, and lamenting the difficulty which he would find in getting a hearing. He also maintained a splendid retinue II Samuel 15:1, and was admired for his personal beauty. It is probable too that the great tribe of Judah had taken some offence at David's government. Absalom raised the standard of revolt at Hebron, the old capital of Judah, now supplanted by Jerusalem. The revolt was at first completely successful; David fled from his capital over the Jordan to Mahanaim in Gilead, and Absalom occupied Jerusalem. At last, after being solemnly anointed king at Jerusalem II Samuel 19:10, Absalom crossed the Jordan to attack his father, who by this time had rallied round him a considerable force. A decisive battle was fought in Gilead, in the wood of Ephraim. Here Absalom's forces were totally defeated, and as he himself was escaping his long hair was entangled in the branches of a terebinth, where he was left hanging while the mule on which he was riding ran away from under him. He was dispatched by Joab in spite of the prohibition of David, who, loving him to the last, had desired that his life might be spared. He was buried in a great pit in the forest, and the conquerors threw stones over his grave, an old proof of bitter hostility Joshua 7:26.”.
Maachah; or, Maacah=The name Maachah and\or Maacah is (are) remarkably popular in Father’s Word. There are several people, both men and women, and one country named such (also known as מעכת Maacath, which was peopled by the Maacathite(s); מעכתי). The etymology of the name מעכה Maachah is interchangeable with מעכת Maacath. The name Maacath was composed in a time when the letter ת (taw) was used in much the same way as the letter ה (he) was in the time when the Bible was written in its final form. Sometimes the editors of the Bible chose to incorporate the older but genuine spelling (מעכת), and sometimes they chose to use to updated form (מעכה). But both forms come from the verb מעך (ma’ak) meaning press; or, squeeze. Maacah; or, Maachah was one of David’s wives who happened to be Absalom and his younger sister Tamar’s mother. She was the daughter of Talmai who was the son of Ammihud who was the king of Geshur which bordered Syria. This author is unable to ascertain as to whether they were Adamic and\or Israelite or not, I’m thinking that they were Syrian. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4601, - מַעֲכָה, or מַעֲכָת - ma‛ăkâh, or ma‛ăkâth, pronounced - mah-ak-aw’, or mah-ak-awth’, and means: From H4600; depression; Maakah (or Maakath), the name of a place in Syria, also of a Mesopotamian, of three Israelites, and of four Israelitesses and one Syrian woman: - Maachah, Maachathites. See also H1038. Total KJV occurrences: 23., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The daughter of Talmai king of Geshur, and mother of Absalom I Chronicles 3:2 also called Maacah in Authorized Version of II Samuel 3:3.”.
Talmai=Father of David’s wife: Maachah, who bare both Absalom and Tamar to him in Hebron. It was to his grandfather Talmai that Absalom fled after he killed David’s oldest son Amnon for the rape of his sister Tamar. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we read: H8526, - תַּלְמַי, - talmay, pronounced - tal-mah’ee, and means: From H8525; ridged; Talmai, the name of a Canaanite and a Syrian: - Talmai. Total KJV occurrences: 6., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son of Ammihud king of Geshur II Samuel 3:3; 13:37; I Chronicles 3:2. He was probably a petty chieftain, dependent on David.”.
Geshur=Geshur was a town which was north-east of Bashan which Pharez’s son Hezron captured along with 60 other cities from the sons of Mcahir as can be read in I Chronicles 2:23; and which later our forefathers did not obey Father and utterly destroy or expel the inhabitants thereof when they moved into the Promised Land. Instead, they allowed the Geshurites and Maachathites to dwell amongst them. Many, many years later, it was from Geshur that David took to wife Maachah, the mother of Absalom and Tamar. It was to Geshur which Absalom fled after he killed his older half-brother Amnon for raping his sister. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1650, - גְּשׁוּר, - geshûr, pronounced - ghesh-oor’, and means: From an unused root (meaning to join); bridge; Geshur, a district of Syria: - Geshur, Geshurite. Total KJV occurrences: 9., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Deuteronomy 3:14; II Samuel 15:8. It is highly probable that Geshur was a section of the wild and rugged region now called el-Lejah , still a refuge for criminals and outlaws.”.
Adonijah=The etymology of the name Adonijah consists of two elements. The first part comes from the Hebrew word אדן (adon), roughly meaning lord: The second part of the name Adonijah is the appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH. When two words are joined, and the first one ends on the letter י (yod), while the second one starts with one, the two yods tend to blend into one. That means that the first part of our name may in fact be אדני (adoni), which means either my lord, or lord of, depending on the context. We read in I Kings 1 and I Kings 2 of the attempted usurpation of the throne by David’s forth eldest son, Adonijah. He had even gone so far as to throw a coronation party at the stone of Zoheleth, in other words, at serpent rock, which was a “type” for the end of this Age; as, satan too, in his role of pretend-to-be–jesus, will attempt to usurp the throne of the True King: Jesus Christ. After it was discovered by David’s prophet Nathan, what was going on down at serpent rock, he came to Bash-sheba and told her, in order to save her and her son Solomon, the man whom Father had told David would be the next man king of Israel. Bath-sheba and Nathan then worked David, who was at this time, in declining health, being, now, 70 years of age, and on his death-bed. David then summoned Solomon, Nathan, Zadok, Benaiah and the Royal Guards, told them all to put Solomon on his—David’s—mule, escort him down to Gihon, where Zadok will anoint him the next king of Israel. As soon as he is anointed, they were to sound the trumpet and shout “God save king Solomon.” The reason David commanded this take place in Gihon; was, because, Gihon was right next to serpent rock, and, all those in attendance at the false coronation party would hear the trumpets and shouts, and then see Solomon riding on David’s mule and know for a certainty that Solomon, not Adonijah, is king of Israel. Adonijah, upon knowing for sure that he was not the king, ran to the tabernacle, grabbed a hold of the horns of the altar, and declared that he would not leave, until he had assurance from Solomon that he would not kill him. Solomon told Adonijah that, so long as he shew himself a worthy man, and, not again, attempt to usurp the throne; then, not one hair of Adonijah’s head would fall to the ground. Well, ole Adonijah just couldn’t help himself, he had to be king and he did so by plotting through Solomon’s mother Bath-sheba. Adonijah came to her and asked for Abishag, the young girl who warmed David when he was old and couldn’t stay warn, not even in his own bed. In this plot, unbeknownst to Bath-sheba; but, all too obvious to Solomon, was Adonijah’s second attempted usurpation to the throne, and for it, Solomon had him put to death. Now from the Strong’s Concordance where we read: H138, - אֲדֹנִיָּה, or אֲדֹנִיָּהוּ , - 'ădônı̂yâh, or 'ădônı̂yâhû, pronounced - ad-o-nee-yaw’, or ad-o-nee-yaw’-hoo, and means: From H113 and H3050; lord (that is, worshipper) of Jah; Adonijah, the name of three Israelites: - Adonijah. Total KJV occurrences: 26., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The fourth son of David by Haggith, born at Hebron while his father was king of Judah II Samuel 3:4. After the death of his three elder brothers, Amnon, Chileab and Absalom, he became eldest son and heir-apparent to the throne; but, Solomon, his younger brother, was preferred to him. When his David his father was dying and his strength was visibly declining, he forward his pretensions to the crown and proclaimed himself king. Adonijah's cause was espoused by Abiathar and by Joab the famous commander of David's army [JOAB]. His name and influence secured a large number of followers among the captains of the royal army belonging to the tribe of Judah, compare I Kings 1:5 and these, together with all the princes except Solomon, were entertained by Adonijah at the great sacrificial feast held "by the stone Zoheleth, which is by En-rogel." [EN-ROGEL] Apprised of these proceedings, David immediately caused Solomon to be proclaimed king I Kings 1:33-34, at Gihon [GIHON]. This decisive measure struck terror into the opposite party, and Adonijah fled to the sanctuary, but was pardoned by Solomon on condition that he should "show himself a worthy man" I Kings 1:52. The death of David quickly followed on these events; and Adonijah begged Bath-sheba to procure Solomon's consent to his marriage with Abishag, who had been the wife of David in his old age I Kings 1:3. This was regarded as equivalent to a fresh attempt on the throne [ABSALOM; ABNER]; and therefore Solomon ordered him to be put to death by Benaiah I Kings 2:25.”.
Haggith=One of David’s least mentioned,—and as such—a lesser known wife. She was the mother of David’s forth son Adonijah. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2294, - חַגִּית, - chaggı̂yth, pronounced - khag-gheeth’, and means: Feminine of H2291; festive; Chaggith, a wife of David: - Haggith. Total KJV occurrences: 5., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary where we read: “One of David's wives, and the mother of Adonijah II Samuel 3:4; I Kings 1:6,11; 2:13; I Chronicles 3:2, who, like her son Absalom, was famed for beauty.”.
I Chronicles 3:3 The fifth, Shephatiah (YAH has judged; and, judged by YHVH) (shef-at-yaw’-hoo) of Abital (father of dew (that is, fresh); and, father of the dew) (ab-ee-tal’): the sixth, Ithream (excellence of people; and, abundance of people) (yith-reh-awm’) by Eglah (a heifer) (eg-law’) his wife. —> Shephatiah=The etymology of the name Shephatiah consists of two elements, the final one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. The first part of our name comes from the verb שפט (shapat) meaning to judge or govern. Though there are 13 verses and matches for the name Shephatiah and the Strong’s Hebrew word number—H8203—associated with it in Father’s Word, only 2 verses and matches are of David’s son Shephatiah, and they are in the genealogical listings of II Samuel 3:4 and I Chronicles 3:3. Now from the Strong’s Concordance where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8203, - שְׁפַטְיָה, or שְׁפַטְיָהוּ , - shephaṭyâh, or shephaṭyâhû, pronounced - shef-at-yaw’, or shef-at-yaw’-hoo, and means: From H8199 and H3050; Jah has judged; Shephatjah, the name of ten Israelites: - Shephatiah. Total KJV occurrences: 13., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The fifth son of David II Samuel 3:4; I Chronicles 3:3.”.
Abital=The etymology of the name Abital consists of two elements: The first part comes from the common word אב (ab), meaning father: The letter yod probably turns the word ab into a possessive form: אבי (abi), meaning either my father or father of, depending on the context. The second part of the name Abital comes from the verb טלל (tll), probably meaning rain or drizzle. Like another one of David’s wives,—Haggith—Abital is also one of the least mentioned of David’s wives, and as such, she too is a lesser known wife. She was the mother of David’s fifth son Shephatiah. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H37, - אֲבִיטַל, - 'ăbı̂yṭal, pronounced - ab-ee-tal’, and means: From H1 and H2919; father of dew (that is, fresh); Abital, a wife of King David: - Abital. Total KJV occurrences: 2., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “One of David's wives II Samuel 3:4; II Chronicles 3:3.”.
Ithream=The etymology of the name Ithream consists of two elements. The first part of our name comes from the root-verb יתר (yatar), meaning to remain or be a rest: The second part of the name Ithream comes from the common word עם (’am), meaning people. The one and only Ithream mentioned in the Father’s Word is one of the lesser known sons of David. Ithream was David’s sixth son, his last to be born in Hebron, and his mother's name was Eglah. When David moved his capital to Jerusalem, more than thirteen sons—among whom Solomon—and at least one daughter—Tamar—followed his numerous wives and an untold number of concubines as we’ll read when we come to verse v3:9 below. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3507, - יִתְרְעָם, - yithre‛âm, pronounced - yith-reh-awm’, and means: From H3499 and H5971; excellence of people; Jithream, a son of David: - Ithream. Total KJV occurrences: 2., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son of David, born to him in Hebron, and distinctly specified as the sixth, and as the child of Eglah, David's wife II Samuel 3:5; I Chronicles 3:3.”.
Eglah=The etymology of the name Eglah is identical to the noun עגלה (eglah) , meaning calf, from the root עגל (’igl). Our name Eglah is identical to the word עגלה (egla), meaning female calf, but it should be stressed that a noun derived from the root and made feminine would look just like that. Literally, Eglah means Skippy. Like Haggith and Abital before her, Eglah is also another of David’s lesser known wives as, she is only mentioned twice in Father’s Word, both times in the genealogical listings of II Samuel 3:5 and I Chronicles 3:3. Eglah is the only woman in this genealogical listing of I Chronicles 3 who is mentioned as David’s wife. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5698, - עֶגְלָה, - ‛eglâh, pronounced - eg-law’, and means: The same as H5697;; Eglah, a wife of David: - Eglah. Total KJV occurrences: 2., and now from the Smith’s Bible dictionary, where we read: “One of David's wives during his reign in Hebron II Samuel 3:5; I Chronicles 3:3.”.
I Chronicles 3:4 These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years. —> The verse itself gives us the reason David’s first 6 children were born in Hebron as, though our forefathers had moved into the Promised Land many years ago,—in fact, even several hundred years earlier—they had never conquered and taken Jebus; therefore, Hebron was where the Capital was, and it was also where Saul was leading and reigning over the Nation; and; it was also where our forefathers were worshiping Father. Jebus will not be captured and renamed Jerusalem, nor will it become Israel’s Capital until sometime during the reign of David as king.
Anyway, after the death of Israel’s first man-king: Saul; David asked Father if he should go up to any of the cities of Judah? And Father told him to go to Hebron; so, he went up to Hebron and was later first crowned king over the Tribe\House of Judah while in Hebron. David reigned over the Tribe\House of Judah with Hebron as his Capital for six and a half years before he became king of the entire House of Israel. Then, shortly after he was crowned king of Israel, he mustered his troops and went and defeated the Jebusites and captured Jebus; renamed it Jerusalem, and made it his Capital City, where he reinged until his death 33 years later, returning Home to Father at the age of 77.
Not included to this point are David’s two sons who’ll both play important roles, i.e., the son through which the king line will continue, and the son through which the genealogical line to Jesus continues. We’ll be reading of them in the next verse.
I Chronicles 3:5 And these were born unto him in Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace) (Yer-oo-shaw-lah’-im); Shimea (fame) (shim-aw’), and Shobab (rebellious; and, rebellious) (sho-bawb’), and Nathan (given; or, giver) (naw-thawn’), and Solomon (peaceful; and, peaceful) (shel-o-mo’), four, of Bath-shua (daughter of wealth) (bath-shoo’-ah) the daughter of Ammiel (people of YHVH; and, people of YHVH) (am-mee-ale’): —> .
Jerusalem=Jerusalem, like several other of the cities of our forefathers, is rich in history. As I stated in verse v3:4 above, when our forefathers moved into the Promised Land, Jerusalem—Jebus as it was known as at the time; though, we can also go back as far as the Book of Joshua; Joshua 10:1, and the Book of Judges; Judges 1:8 and read that it had already been called Jerusalem—was in the hands of the Canaanites, and more specifically, the Jebusites. It stayed that way for hundreds of years before David, as king, mustered the troops to fight against the Jebusites and capture Father’s most favorite place in all His Created Universe. We find in the etymology of the name that, without a doubt, the second and dominant part of the name reminded—then and now—of the word שלום (shalom), meaning: peace. The root of this word, שלם (shalem), denotes completeness, wholeness and soundness: In this sense, the name Jerusalem is related to some other famous names from the David saga: Solomon and Absalom. The first part of the name Jerusalem may likely have reminded a Hebrew audience of the verb ירה (yara), throw, cast or shoot; Perhaps the name Jerusalem was never changed, but only Hebraized, because it seems to mean Rain Of Peace. Jerusalem was to be the radiating heart of a world of completeness and wholeness. It seems that history supplied her with a most suiting name. As I said in the opening of the description here; Jerusalem is rich with history, far too much to list here; but, of particular note, or importance is this tidbit: it was the land that our Father took to be His Wife;—Ezekiel 16:3—but, as can be read in Jeremiah 3:8, because of our forefathers being sottish, He issued her a bill of divorcement. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3389, - ירוּשׁלם , or ירוּשׁלים , - Yerûshâlaim, or Yerûshâlayim, pronounced - Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im, or Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-yim , and means: A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999, founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine: - Jerusalem.. The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.
Shimea=He is identified as Shimea in I Chronicles 3:5; but, we read in II Samuel 5:14 that, his name was Shammuah. The etymology of Shimea’s name comes from the verb שמע (shama’), meaning to hear. Shimea is another of David’s sons whom we hear about only in the genealogical listings, in this case: II Samuel 5:14 and I Chronicles 3:5. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8092, - שִׁמְעָא, - shim‛â', pronounced - shim-aw’, and means: For H8093; Shima, the name of four Israelites: - Shimea, Shimei, Shamma. Total KJV occurrences: 6., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son of David by Beth-shean (this author disagrees with that statement of Dr. Bullinger’s as, David’s wife’s name was Bathsheba, and in I Chronicles 3:5 she is called Bath-shua) I Chronicles 3:5.”.
Shobab=The etymology of Shobab’s name is best summed up by saying that there are two ways to look at this name. It might be a facsimile of the adjective שובב (Shobab) meaning backsliding. But it could also be a certain form of this adjective’s root-verb שוב (shub), meaning to turn back or to return, and in particular the kind that doubles the final consonant. Shobab is another of David’s sons of whim we know nothing about as, he is only mentioned in the genealogical listings of II Samuel 5:14, I Chronicles 3:5 and I Chronicles 14:4. Now from the Strong’s Concordance where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7727, - שׁוֹבָב, - shôbâb, pronounced - sho-bawb’, and means: The same as H7726; rebellious; Shobab, the name of two Israelites: - Shobab. Total KJV occurrences: 4., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son of David by Bath-sheba II Samuel 5:14; I Chronicles 3:5; 14:4.”.
Nathan=The etymology of the name Nathan comes from the verb נתן (natan), to give. Of David’s son Nathan, we know nothing of the man as, other than the genealogical listings of II Samuel 5:14; I Chronicles 3:5; I Chronicles 14:4 and Luke 3:31, he is not mentioned in Fathers Word. The only thing we really know of him is, that, he is in the line to Jesus. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5416, - נתן, - nâthân, pronounced - naw-thawn’, and means: From H5414; given; Nathan, the name of five Israelites: - Nathan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “A son of David; one of the four who were borne to him by Bathsheba I Chronicles 3:5, compare with I Chronicles 14:4 and II Samuel 5:14.”.
Solomon=Solomon was one of, if not the greatest king to rule Israel. Though his father David was and is the king by which all other kings were compared against, it was Solomon who Father came to in that dream where He asked Solomon “Ask what I shall give thee?” and Solomon replied in I Kings 3: I Kings 3:6 And Solomon said “Thou hast shewed unto Thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before Thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with Thee; and Thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that Thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day. [3:7] And now, O LORD my God, Thou hast made Thy servant king instead of David my father: and I am but a little child: I know not how to go out or come in. [3:8] And Thy servant is in the midst of Thy People which Thou hast chosen, a great People, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude. [3:9] Give therefore Thy servant an understanding heart to judge Thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this Thy so great a People?”. He took over the throne from his father when he was at the tender age of 19,—he wasn’t Israel’s youngest king, there were several others who had that distinction—and he reigned for forty years, from 920–880 B.C., he was 59 years old when he returned Home to Father in heaven. Solomon accomplished a lot of things during his reign, and a lot of good things. For the first 20+ years he did very well: He built the Temple; the palatial complex; the House of the Cedar of Lebanon; the house for pharaoh's daughter: the queen; and he brought in much gold and other sundries. It wasn’t until he got the “big head” after he completed all his building and Father appeared to him, Blessing him with all the wisdom he had, and then wanting to show off that Father Given Wisdom. It was then he started succumbing to the lust of the flesh, and he started accumulating his wives and concubines, and then started worshipping and building altars for his foreign wives’ false gods, and causing Israel to worship them too. Remember, all of the things that Solomon and Israel did, bringing in the wealth of the world by ships, and it happened in a short span of only forty years. The etymology name Solomon comes from the fertile and familiar root שלם (shalem), meaning to be unbroken or whole: The noun שלמה (shilluma) is identical to our name Sholomoh, and is used in Psalm 91:8 in the meaning of reward or recompense (of the wicked). This illustrates the perhaps anti-intuitive notion that a bad result of something that was bad to begin with, is still very good (or rather: just). Although Psalm 91 is anonymous and tradition demands that Solomon is the great peace-king, his name may have stemmed from David’s deep remorse and grief over losing Solomon’s older sibling. When Solomon is born, the prophet Nathan receives word from Father that this child is loved by Him. Hence He names him Jedidiah—The name Jedidiah is a combination of two elements: The second element of the name Jedidiah is יה, which is the commonly accepted abbreviated form of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, which is YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred Name of Father. The first element of the name Jedidiah comes from the verb ידד (yadad) , meaning to love—as can be read in II Samuel 12:25, although this name is, sadly, never again used. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8010, - שׁלמה, - shelômôh, pronounced - shel-o-mo’, and means: From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David’s successor: - Solomon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: The description of Solomon in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Solomon.
Bath-shua=Bath-shua is used 1 time in Father’s Word in I Chronicles 3:5; but, her name as used there is just another name for Bath-sheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite who was a soldier in David’s Army; who, while he was off fighting a war, David was up on the roof of his palace and from his roof he saw Bath-sheba washing herself. He enquired of her and then invited her to his palace to have dinner with her and then lay with her. She became pregnant, and David, realizing that everybody would know that she had been unfaithful, called Uriah home from the war in order for him to lay with his wife so that everybody would believe it was his child; however, Uriah would not lay with her because his men were still on the warfront; so, David had his Commanding General put him on the forefront of the hottest battle and then he and his men would move back from Uriah in order that the enemy kill him. Murder was what it was. After Uriah’s death,David had her move into the royal palace with him. That child from their first union died and she later bare Nathan—the seedline to Jesus—and Solomon,—the kingline—along with 2 other children. The etymology of the name Bath-shua consists of two elements. The first element is the Hebrew word בת (bat), meaning daughter, from the word בן (ben), meaning son: The second element of the name Bath-shua is שוע, which is identical to the name Shuah. The meaning of the name Shuah is unclear (see that name for etymology and meaning), but it may be A Cry, Riches/Opulence or Nobility, coming from the root cluster שוע and ישע. Now from the Strong’s Concordance where we find that is is Hebrew word number: H1340, - בַּת־שׁוּעַ, - bath-shûa‛, pronounced - bath-shoo’-ah, and means: From H1323 and H7771; daughter of wealth; Bath shua, the same as H1339: - Bath-shua. Total KJV occurrences: 1., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “See Bath-sheba.”.
Ammiel=The father of David’s wife: Bath-sheba. The etymology of the name Ammiel consists of two parts. The first part of the name Ammiel comes from the assumed Hebrew root עמם: The second part of the name Ammiel is אל (El), the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5988, - עַמִּיאֵל, - ‛ammı̂y'êl, pronounced - am-mee-ale’, and means: From H5971 and H410; people of God; Ammiel, the name of three or four Israelites: - Ammiel. Total KJV occurrences: 6., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where were read: “Father of Bath-sheba II Samuel 11:3, called Bath-shua in I Chronicles 3:5.”.
I Chronicles 3:6 Ibhar (choice; or, whom YAH chooses) (yib-khar’) also, and Elishama (YAH of hearing; or, whom YHVH hears) (el-ee-shaw-maw’), and Eliphelet (YAH of deliverance; or, the YAH of deliverance) (el-peh’-let), —> As we come into this next list of names of the sons who were born to David in Jerusalem, we need to be careful, pay close attention, and closely scrutinize the names of his sons as, there are three different lists of these names: I Chronicles 3:6-8; I Chronicles 14:5-7; and II Samuel 5:15-16; all three lists are different, whether the difference is the names; or, whether it is the number of sons born to David in Jerusalem. I’ll be sure to point out the differences as we come to them.
Ibhar=Ibhar is the first name on all three lists; so, no difference here. There are only 3 verses and matches for the name Ibhar and it’s associated Hebrew word number: H2984 in Father’s Word, all 3 are in the genealogical listings. We know absolutely nothing of the man, not who his mother was, whether he was a full or half brother to Absalom or Solomon or any of the other sons, and not even whether he had any children of his own or how many. The etymology of the name Ibhar comes from the root-verb בחר (bahar), meaning to choose. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2984, - יִבְחַר, - yibchar, pronounced - yib-khar’, and means: From H977; choice; Jibchar, an Israelite: - Ibhar. Total KJV occurrences: 3., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “One of the sons of David II Samuel 5:15; I Chronicles 3:6; 14:6, born in Jerusalem.”.
The changes begin beginning with the next name in this listing here in I Chronicles 3. Here, he is identified as Elishama; but, in both I Chronicles 14:5; and II Samuel 5:15, he is identified as Elishua.
Elishama=Elishama could possibly be the name of two of the sons of David who were born in Jerusalem according to II Samuel 5:16; I Chronicles 3:6; 3:8 and 14:7. It’s not clear how this doubling works; but, something similar happens to the two Eliphetes, brothers of the two Elishamas. Some scholars have suggested that the younger Elishama and Eliphelet were named after the elder ones who died. Others propose that the Elishama mentioned in I Chronicles 3:6 is the same as the Elishua mentioned in his stead in I Chronicles 14:5 and II Samuel 5:15. Of David’s son(s) Elishama, we know absolutely nothing of the man (men), not who his (their) mother(s) was (were), whether he (they) was (were) a full or half brother(s) to Absalom or Solomon or any of the other sons, and not even whether he (they) had any children of his (their) own or how many. The etymology of the name Elishama consists of two elements: The first part of our name is אל (El), the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God: The second part of our name comes from the verb שמע (shama’), meaning to hear. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H476, - אֱלִישָׁמָע, - 'ĕlı̂yshâmâ‛, pronounced - el-ee-shaw-maw’, and means: From H410 and H8085; God of hearing; Elishama, the name of seven Israelites: - Elishama. Total KJV occurrences: 17., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “(1) A son of King David I Samuel 5:16; I Chronicles 3:8; 14:7; or, (2) Another son of David, I Chronicles 3:6 who in the other lists is called ‘Elishua.’”.
Eliphelet=Eliphelet A son of David, born to him in Jerusalem by an unnamed wife I Chronicles 3:6. In I Chronicles 14:5 this man is called אלפלט (Elpelet), which is the same name except for the central letter י (yod). An older brother of the first Eliphelet (II Samuel 5:16; I Chronicles 3:8; I Chronicles 14:7. It’s not clear why David would name two of his sons by the same name; or, why the author of the Books of Samuel leaves one out. The medieval rabbi David Kimchi tried to solve this problem by concluding that David’s first son Eliphelet died and the second one was named in memory of the first. The same thing happened with Eliphelet’s brother(s) Elishama. As for the man (men) himself; as Father’s Word only lists him (them) in the genealogical listings, we really know nothing of the man (men), not who his (their) mother was (were), not if he (they) had any children or how many, nothing. The etymology of the name Eliphelet and the compacted version Elpelet, consist of two elements, the first one being אל (El), the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God. The second part of our name comes from the verb פלט (palat) means to bring into security: The letter י (yod) that ties these two elements together in the name Eliphelet may be a possessive yod, creating the meaning of “El of;” or, it belongs to the verb and turns it into a active form. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we read that it is Hebrew word number: H467, - אֱלִיפֶלֶט, or אֱלְפֶּלֶט , - 'ĕlı̂yphelet, or 'ĕlpelet, pronounced - el-ee-feh'-let, or el-peh’-let, and means: From H410 and H6405; God of deliverance; Eliphelet or Elpelet, the name of six Israelites: - Eliphalet, Eliphelet, Elpalet. Total KJV occurrences: 9., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “(1) The name of a son of David, one of the children born to him after his establishment in Jerusalem I Chronicles 3:6; or, (2) Another son of David, belonging also to the Jerusalem family, and apparently the last of his sons I Chronicles 3:8.”.
I Chronicles 3:7 And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia, —> Two of these three sons of David—Nepheg and Japhia—are listed in all three of the genealogical listings of II Samuel 5; I Chronicles 3; and I Chronicles 14; but, Nogah is only listed here and in I Chronicles 14:6; but, not in II Samuel 5.
I Chronicles 3:8 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine. —> These three sons of David are mentioned here and in II Samuel 5; but, in I Chronicles 14:7, Eliada is called Beeliada. The “Be” could have been dropped from his name perhaps because of it’s close association to the word\name “baal,” which obviously is associated with idolatry.
I Chronicles 3:9 These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar (palm tree) (taw-mawr’) their sister. —> Tamar=Tamar was born to David and his wife Maachah while they were in Jerusalem, she was Absalom’s sister. Sometime during her teen years, her half-brother Amnon had a very deep lust for his half-sister; so much so, that, he later rapes her; but, after doing so, his hatred is now greater than his initial lust for her had been. Her full-brother; Absalom, later avenges her rape by murdering his half-brother Amnon; but, then has to flee from their father David. The etymology of the name Tamar comes from the noun תמר (tamar), meaning palm tree. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8559, - תָּמָר, - tâmâr, pronounced - taw-mawr’, and means: The same as H8558; Tamar, the name of three women and a place: - Tamar. Total KJV occurrences: 24., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Daughter of David and Maachah the Geshurite princess, and thus sister of Absalom II Samuel 13:1-32; I Chronicles 3:9. She and her brother were alike remarkable for their extraordinary beauty. This fatal beauty inspired a frantic passion in her half-brother Amnon, the oldest son of David by Ahinoam. In her touching remonstrance two points are remarkable: first, the expression of the infamy of such a crime "in Israel" implying the loftier standard of morals that prevailed, as compared with other countries at that time; and second, the belief that even this standard might be overborne lawfully by royal authority --"Speak to the king, for he will not withhold me from thee." The intense hatred of Amnon succeeding to his brutal passion, and the indignation of Tamar at his barbarous insult, even surpassing her indignation at his shameful outrage, are pathetically and graphically told.”.
3:10-16 David’s line to
I Chronicles 3:10 And Solomon’s son was Rehoboam (a people has enlarged; or, enlarger of the people) (rekh-ab-awm’), Abia (father of YAH; or, worshipper of YAH) (ab-ee-yaw’-hoo) his son, Asa (physician, or cure) (aw-saw’) his son, Jehoshaphat (YHVH judged; or, whom YHVH judges) (yeh-ho-shaw-fawt’) his son, —> Rehoboam= Rehoboam was Solomon’s son who continued the king line—not the genealogical line to Jesus being born in the flesh—and inherited the kingdom of the House of Israel from his father. He was 41 years old in 880B.C. when he began his reign, he reigned for 17 years, returning Home to Father at the age of 58 in 863B.C.. Sadly for him however, as was prophesied by Father several years previous; because of Solomon’s idolatry in the latter part of his years, Father was about to divide the kingdom into 2 separate Nations under Rehoboam’s tenure as king. See, once he ascended to the throne, the people sent a man named Jeroboam to Rehoboam, to seek relief from the grievously heavy yoke of all the taxation of continuing the appetite for building which his father Solomon had had. In reply, Rehoboam sought the counsel of the elders of Israel who advised him to comply with the request for relief; however, Rehoboam also sought the counsel of his peers. How did they reply? Turn with me to I Kings 12 and we’ll read it for ourselves: I Kings 12:10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, “Thus shalt thou speak unto this People that spake unto thee, saying, ‘Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it lighter unto us;’ thus shalt thou say unto them, ‘My little finger shall be thicker than my father’s loins. —> They answer Rehoboam—Just like the young snobbish and snot-nosed fools they were—with a smart mouthed reply: “Rehoboam, you tell them that ‘your little finger shall be thicker than your father’s loins;’ ” this brethren, was a common Hebraism of the day which I’ll not go into detail to explain; but, suffice it to say, that, they basically told Rehoboam to tell Jeroboam and Israel in unkind words, “no.” 12:11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.’ ” —> Did you notice in the previous verse that these young juveniles that Rehoboam had turned to for counsel, were all boys he grew up with from infancy? They were all in their early twenties and most were either his brothers, half-brothers or close family, i.e., cousins, yeah; there may be a friend or two amongst them; but, more likely than not, only one or two. For most of them, their granddaddy was king David and their daddy was “king Solomon,” so, that means that, they had grown up with golden spoons in their mouths, thus they were acting very arrogantly, and hence, their nasty reply. These whips Solomon used, we read of back in I Kings 11, and were what he had his taskmaster Jeroboam—the same man now standing before Rehoboam asking for relief—use when he was taskmaster over Israel. He used them to get the men to perform to his standards; and now, Rehoboam’s young counselors tell him to not only continue using the whips; but, to now use a cat-o-nine-tails,—which is a multiple-tailed whip with metal barbs on the ends—so that it not only cuts as it hits it’s intended victim; but, inflicts severe injury by tearing the flesh as well. These whips which Solomon and his son Rehoboam were using was a no-no as; as, our Israelite forefathers were familiar with whips when were in bondage to the Egyptian; as, they were the badge of honor of the Egyptian taskmasters. So, anyway, Jeroboam led the northern tribes to revolt, defect, and separate themselves from Rehoboam and the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin. The House of Israel is divided to this day and will remain so until Jesus’ Return for His Second Advent. The etymology of the name Rehoboam is a compilation of two elements. The first part of the name comes from the verb רחב (rahab), meaning to be wide: The second part of the name Rehoboam is the common noun עם (am), meaning a people. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7346, - רְחַבְעָם, - rechab‛âm, pronounced - rekh-ab-awm’, and means: From H7337 and H5971; a people has enlarged; Rechabam, an Israelite king: - Rehoboam. Total KJV occurrences: 50., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: The description of Rehoboam in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Rehoboam.”.
Abia=Or Abiah; Abijah; or even, Abijam. The different spellings or, variations of his name are, in reality, no difference at all as, in Hebrew there is no distinction; but, when the king James 1611 translators translated it, it was they who made the distinctions. You could think of these differences like this: saying Bill for William, or Dick for Richard. Abia was Rehoboam’s son who inherited the kingdom of the House of Judah from his father. Abiah only reigned for 3 years, from 863-860B.C.; though, they were not three complete years as, he died in the twentieth year of Jeroboam's reign, and if you remember, Jeroboam reigned for 22 years. Remember, Abijah was not Rehoboam’s eldest son; and therefore, should not have been Rehoboam’s successor. Rehoboam made him such after giving his elder sons—Jeush, Shamariah, and Zaham—positions as Heads of State over some of the territories in Judah, wives, and wealth in order for them to not raise a stink when he did indeed place Abijah on the throne over them - see II Chronicles 11:21-23, and II Chronicles 12:5. Abijah’s mother Maachah was also called Michaiah in II Chronicles 13:2. She was the daughter of Tamar and Uriel of Gibeah—David’s son Absalom’s daughter and her husband—thus making her—Maachah—David’s great granddaughter, see II Chronicles 11:21 for a somewhat further clarification of her lineage of and to David. She was called Maachah (oppression) whenever she was mentioned concerning her idolatry as in II Chronicles 15:16, and Michaiah (who is like YHVH) whenever she was mentioned as queen mother. When Jeroboam of the House of Israel attacked the inhabitants of the House of Judah, king Abijah’s army slew 500,000 Israeli soldiers. Abijah won the wars between the two nations; however, Jeroboam outlived Abia by three years. The etymology of the name Abia consists of two elements. The first element is the common word אב (ab), meaning father: The central yod may be considered a remnant of the possessive yod of the compound אבי meaning my father, or father of. If so, then it overlaps with the yod of the second part of the name Abijah. That second part, namely, is the appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are the commonly accepted abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, which is YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred Name of Father. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H29, - אֲבִיָּה, or אֲבִיָּהוּ , - 'ăbı̂yâh, or 'ăbı̂yâhû, pronounced - ab-ee-yaw', or ab-ee-yaw’-hoo, and means: From H1 and H3050; father (that is worshipper) of Jah; Abijah, the name of several Israelite men and two Israelitesses: - Abiah, Abijah. Total KJV occurrences: 25., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son and successor of Rehoboam on the throne of Judah I Kings 4:21; II Chronicles 12:16. He is called ABIJAH in Chronicles, ABIJAM in Kings. He reigned three years. He endeavored to recover the kingdom of the Ten Tribes, and made war on Jeroboam. He was successful in battle, and took several of the cities of Israel. We are told that he walked in all the sins of Rehoboam I Kings 14:23-24.”.
Asa=Asa is the divided Nation of the House of Judah’s third man king. Asa, unlike his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather before him, will be a righteous king. Solomon ruled the Nation for 40 years, Rehoboam reigned 17 years, and Asa’s father Abia reigned for 3 years; so, it has now been 60 years since we’ve had a righteous king, that means 60 years of idol worshiping. Asa ruled Judah for 41 years, we don’t know how old he was when he began his reign, therefore we also don’t know how old he was when he Returned Home to Father; but, he reigned over Judah from 860-819B.C.. Asa truly cleaned up the House of Judah, going so far even, as to expel his own grandmother—Maachah, his own mother Annas passed away and Returned Home to Father at an early age—who was raising him because she would not put away her grove idols, read that, her carved phallic symbols. Asa kicked all the other immoral, lewd, and obscene sodomites out of Judah, he took away the altars of all the false gods, removed all the high places which were in Judah—sadly, he couldn’t do anything about the ones which were in the Nation of the House of Israel—he also broke down their images, and then cut down the asherah groves where they practiced their orgies. Quite a feat, YAY Asa! Asa, like his great great-grandfather David before him, wasn’t perfect, he too sinned, he sought and trusted in man for the protection of Judah, not Father; but, his heart was always towards Father, never towards any idols, and as such, he is remembered as being a righteous king. The etymology of the name Asa appears to come from the root group אסא: meaning physician. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H609, - אָסָא, - 'âsâ', pronounced - aw-saw’, and means: Of uncertain derivation; Asa, the name of a king and of a Levite: - Asa. Total KJV occurrences: 58., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son of Abijah and third king of Judah. (His long reign of 41 years was peaceful in its earlier portion, and he undertook the reformation of all abuses, especially of idolatry. He burnt the symbol of his grandmother Maachah's religion and deposed her from the dignity of "king's mother,") and renewed the great altar which the idolatrous priests apparently had desecrated II Chronicles 15:8. Besides this he fortified cities on his frontiers, and raised an army, amounting, according to II Chronicles 14:8 to 580,000 men, a number probably exaggerated by an error of the copyist. During Asa's reign, Zerah, at the head of an enormous host II Chronicles 14:9, attacked Mareshah. There he was utterly defeated, and driven back with immense loss to Gerar. The peace which followed this victory was broken by the attempt of Baasha of Israel to fortify Ramah. To stop this Asa purchased the help of Benhadad I. king of Damascus, by a large payment of treasure, forced Baasha to abandon his purpose, and destroyed the works which he had begun at Ramah. In his old age Asa suffered from gout, He died, greatly loved and honored, in the 41st year of his reign.”.
Jehoshaphat=Jehoshaphat was Asa’s son who continued the genealogical line of the kings of the House of Judah. Jehoshaphat is generally remembered as being—and was for the most part—a good king, one who was even Blessed by Father; however, there are things which weren’t so righteous concerning Jehoshaphat. In the Book of Kings, his reign is covered in I Kings 22, and in the Book of Chronicles, his reign is covered in II Chronicles 17:1-20:37. So, in the Book of Kings only one Chapter is dedicated to his reign; whereas, in the Book of Chronicles, three Chapters are dedicated to his reign. Much is gleaned from the reading of the chronicles of all he did as king of the House of Judah in II Chronicles 17; for, it is there that we read how he strengthened himself and Judah against the House of Israel; he placed forces in and set garrisons in all the land of Judah; he walked in the ways of David, seeking Father with all his heart, while at the same time taking away the high places and the groves; and he sent teachers of Father’s throughout all the cities of Judah. He had been doing everything right and Father was Blessing him for it; but, then he got the big head; and things went downhill for him; why, what changed? He made an alliance and an infinity with Ahab, king of the House of Israel. What was this infinity? It was a marriage between his son and Ahab and Jezebel’s daughter. Athaliah was her name and the consequence of this marriage was that Jerusalem ran with blood; see, it was Athaliah who murdered all the Royal Seed in order that she sit as queen over Judah. The etymology of the name Jehoshaphat consists of two elements: The name יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. The verb שפט (shapat), meaning to judge or govern. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3092, - יְהוֹשָׁפָט, - yehôshâphât, pronounced - yeh-ho-shaw-fawt’, and means: From H3068 and H8199; Jehovah-judged; Compare H3146. Total KJV occurrences: 84., and now from the Smith“s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “King of Judah, son of Asa, succeeded to the throne when he was 35 years old, and reigned 25 years. His history is to be found among the events recorded in I Kings 15:24; II Kings 8:16 or in a continuous narrative in II Chronicles 17:1; II Chronicles 21:3. He was contemporary with Ahab, Ahaziah and Jehoram. He was one of the best, most pious and prosperous kings of Judah, the greatest since Solomon. At first he strengthened himself against Israel; but soon afterward the two Hebrew kings formed an alliance. In his own kingdom Jehoshaphat ever showed himself a zealous follower of the commandments of God: he tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burnt incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in true morality and religion. Riches and honors increased around him. He received tribute from the Philistines and Arabians, and kept up a large standing army in Jerusalem. It was probably about the 16th year of his reign, when he became Ahab's ally in the great battle of Ramoth-gilead, for which he was severely reproved by Jehu II Chronicles 19:2. He built at Ezion-geber, with the help of Ahaziah, a navy designed to go to Tarshish; but it was wrecked at Ezion-geber. Before the close of his reign he was engaged in two additional wars. He was miraculously delivered from a threatened attack of the people of Ammon, Moab and Seir. After this, perhaps, must be dated the war which Jehoshaphat, in conjunction with Jehoram king of Israel and the king of Edom, carried on against the rebellious king of Moab II Kings 3:1. In his declining years the administration of affairs was placed, in the hands of his son Jehoram.”.
I Chronicles 3:11 Joram (whom YHVH has exalted) (yo-rawm’) his son, Ahaziah (YAH has seized; or, sustained by YHVH) (akh-az-yaw’-hoo) his son, Joash (YHVH fired; or, to whom Jehovah hastens, i.e. to help) (Yo-awsh’) his son, —> Joram= Jehoshaphat’s son Joram was 32 when he took the throne of Judah and he died—he was murdered because he too did not do as Father instructed and destroy all the idols and images in Judah—8 years later at the age of 40. We can read of his reign in the Book of Kings, chapter II Kings 8. Unlike his somewhat righteous father Jehoshaphat, Joram—or Jehoram—was a very unrighteous, murderous king who made a big mess of things when he took hold of the reins of the House of Judah. As we read in II Chronicles 21:2-4, he began his reign by killing his six brothers—namely: Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariahu, Michael, and Shephatiah—as well as some of the local leaders of the House of Judah. After doing so, he proceeded to break up Father’s Temple while at the same time dissolving the worship of Father, he built an altar to baal and at the same time havd his men of belial remove all the dedicated things which had been in Father’s Temple and put them in the temple he had built for baal. He also had all the original high places rebuilt in order to worship all his other, false gods, thus causing all the inhabitants of Judah to sin by whoring after his false gods and idols. Because of these actions, the Priesthood—many of whom were living in Libnah at the time—under Jehoiada revolted against him; and, Father’s Prophet Elijah wrote to him explaining that Father was about to smite his wife, his children and all the People of Judah with a plague, and he himself would become sick in his bowels until they actually fell out of his body and he died and returned Home to Father. Two years later, this came to pass and he died in horrible agony, and sadly for him, no one mourned for the loss of him. The etymology of the name Joram is a contracted version of the name Jehoram—think of Pete for Peter, or Bill for William—and means the same. Both consist of two elements, the first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. The second part of our name comes from the verb רום(rum) meaning to be high. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3141, - יוֹרָם, - yôrâm, pronounced - yo-rawm’, and means: A form of H3088; Joram, the name of three Israelites and one Syrian: - Joram. Total KJV occurrences: 20., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son of Jehosphaphat; king of Judah II Kings 8:21,23,24; I Chronicles 3:11; II Chronicles 22:5,7; Matthew 1:8. [JEHORAM, 2].”.
Ahaziah=Ahaziah was the son of Joram and the wicked Athaliah,—daughter of Ahab and Jezebel—he was 22 years old when he ascended to the throne of the House of Judah and was so very evil—he aligned himself with his grandfather Ahab and followed after his ways—that Father only allowed him to rule over His People for one year before He called home Home to Him the following year when he was 23 years old; being shot thru the heart by an arrow fired by Jehu, king of the House of Israel. The etymology of the name Ahaziah consists of two elements: The first part of the name comes from the verb אחז (ahaz), meaning to seize or grasp: The second part of the namel Ahaziah is the appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are the commonly accepted abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, which is YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred Name of Father. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H274, - אֲחַזְיָה, or אֲחַזְיָהוּ, - 'ăchazyâh, or 'ăchazyâhû, pronounced - akh-az-yaw', or akh-az-yaw’-hoo, and means: From H270 and H3050; Jah has seized; Achazjah, the name of a Jewish and an Israelitish king: - Ahaziah. Total KJV occurrences: 37., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Fifth king of Judah, son of Jehoram and Athaliah (daughter of Ahab), and therefore nephew of the preceding Ahaziah, reigned one year. He is Galled AZARIAH in II Chronicles 22:2, probably by a copyist's error, and JEHOAHAZ II Chronicles 21:17. He was 22 years old at his accession II Kings 8:26. (his age 42, in II Chronicles 22:2 Is a copyist's error). Ahaziah was an idolater, and he allied himself with his uncle Jehoram king of Israel against Hazael, the new king of Syria. the two kings were, however defeated at Ramoth, where Jehoram was severely wounded. The revolution carried out in Israel by Jehu under the guidance of Elisha broke out while Ahaziah was visiting his uncle at Jezreel. As Jehu approached the town, Jehoram and Ahaziah went out to meet him; the former was shot through the heart by Jehu, and Ahaziah was pursued and mortally wounded. He died when he reached Megiddo.”.
Joash=Joash—II Kings 11:17–II Kings 12:19—was seven years old when he was crowned king of the House of Judah. Several years earlier when he was still in his infancy, his grandmother Athaliah had murdered all his brothers who could possibly have ascended to the throne. Joash was only saved because of his aunt Jehosheba,—king Ahaziah’s sister—when she realized what Athaliah was doing. She had taken him to her husband Jehoiada who happened to be the High Priest at the time and he hid Joash and his nurse in Father’s House until he was grown enough and it was time to set him on the throne. That age happened to be seven years old. Joash wnet on to rule for another forty years,—as did the first three kings of Israel: Saul, David and Solomon, forty being the number for probation—and we see that Father’s Word came to pass exactly as He was stated, just as it always does! Remember, Father had stated that all the male children who had aligned with the heathen worship of baal would be destroyed, and with the help of Athaliah that was completed. Athaliah got them all save this small baby who was taken into the temple and raised to take the throne over the House of Judah and give it a fresh start, “a new beginning.” So, how did it work out with his &rldquo;new beginning?” we find our answer to that question in II Kings 12:2, where we read: II Kings 12:2 And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him. —> So, in other words, Joash only did righteously while Jehoiada was alive; however, once he died and returned Home to Father, Joash was left to his own devices and he succumbed to external influences which changed him and he did evil in Father’s eyes. He removed all the dedicated and hallowed things which were in Father’s House and gave them to Hazael the king of Syria, we read further in II Chronicles 24:25, the following: II Chronicles 24:25 And when they (they being a host of the Syrian army which Father had sent against Joash because he had forsaken Father) were departed from him, (for they left him in great diseases,) his own servants conspired against him for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest, and slew him on his bed, and he died: and they buried him in the city of David, but they buried him not in the sepulchres of the kings. —> So, Joash who had been crowned king at the tender young age of seven and had reigned for 40 years, died and returned Home to Father at the young age of 47. Why? Because he was not only evil; but, a special kind of evil, see, as we read in this verse, he killed his friend and mentor, the High Priest Jehoiada’s son, and in doing so, all the sons he might have had, had he lived. The etymology of the name Joash is a contracted version of the name Jehoash—think of Bill for William; Dick for Richard; or, Pete for Peter—and means the same. Both consist of two elements: The first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred name of Father. The second part of the name comes from the verb אֵשׁ (aysh), meaning fire, burning, fiery, flaming, or hot. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3101, - יוֹאָשׁ, or יֹאָשׁ , - yô'âsh, or yô'âsh, pronounced - yo-awsh', or Yo-awsh’, and means: A form of H3060; Joash, the name of six Israelites: - Joash. Total KJV occurrences: 46., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son of Ahaziah king of Judah, and the only one of his children who escaped the murderous hand of Athaliah. After his father's sister Jehoshabeath, the wife of Jehoiada the high priest, had stolen him from among the king's sons, he was hidden for six years in the chambers of the temple. In the seventh year of his age and of his concealment, a successful revolution, conducted by Jehoiada, placed him on the throne of his ancestors, and freed the country from the tyranny and idolatries of Athaliah. For at least twenty-three years, while Jehoiada lived, his reign was very prosperous; but after the death of Jehoiada, Joash fell into the hands of bad advisers, at whose suggestion he revived the worship of Baal and Ashtaroth. When he was rebuked for this by Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada, Joash caused him to be stoned to death in the very court of the Lord's house Matthew 23:25. That very year Hazael king of Syria came up against Jerusalem, and carried off a vast booty as the price of his departure. Joash had scarcely escaped this danger when he fell into another and fatal one. Two of his servants conspired against him and slew him in his bed and in the fortress of Millo. Joash's reign lasted forty years.”.
I Chronicles 3:12 Amaziah (strength of YAH; and, the strength of YAH) (Am-ats-yaw’; or, Am-ats-yaw’-hoo) his son, Azariah (YAH has helped; and, whom YAH helps) (az-ar-yaw’; or, Az-ar-yaw’-hoo) his son, Jotham (YAH [is] perfect; or, YHVH is upright) (Yo-thawm”) his son, —> Amaziah= Amaziah began his reign over the House of Judah in the year 735B.C., he was 25 years old when he began to reign, and he ruled for 29 years, until he was 54, returning Home to Father in the year 706B.C.. Amaziah began his reign doing things very well in Father’s eyes; however, shortly after he began his reign, he numbered all the men of Judah 20 years old and up who were able to go to war and found that he had 300,000 men. Figuring he needed more—he obviously was preparing for war—he next hired an additional 100,000 warriors from the House of Israel. Upon doing so, one of Father’s Prophets came to him and told him to dismiss the warriors from the House of Israel as; if he did not, then, Father would not be with him in his engaging and warring against the Edomites. Well, the warriors of Israel didn’t appreciate being dismissed,—even though they had been paid—and as they were returning home, they raided the cities of Judah from Samaria to Beth-horon, killing 3,000 of their fellow Israelites and stealing much gold and treasures in doing so. We read in II Chronicles 25 that two things happened after the Israelite warriors raided Judah: First, we find out that when Amaziah kicked the Edomites’ butts, he took much spoil, which was OK; however, he also took away from Edom, the little false gods which the Edomites had been worshiping so that he could worship them, which angered Father; and, Secondly, we read that upon discovering that his cities had been raided by the Israelite warriors, he sent word to Joash—the son of Jehoahaz, the son of Jehu—king of the House of Israel, demanding that their two armies meet on the battlefield to settle this score. So, the two armies met face–to–face, and after the army of the House of Israel administered a sounding and thorough thrashing of their brethren, the Israelites then captured Judah’s king Amaziah, and then continued to the point where they broke down between approximately 650–800 feet of the Temple Complex wall\gate. This wall\gate section was located on the north side of the Temple structure and was called the “Gate of Benjamin.” In essence, what they did was prevented Judah and Jerusalem from ever staging a future attack, and at the same time prevented them from mounting any defense against a future attack by their northern brethren. They also took home much spoil from Judah as they were leaving, and sadly, it means that they also removed all the dedicated things in the Temple. Brethren, I don't mind their spoiling their brethren; but, I don’t agree with their spoiling Father so–to–speak. But, they also took much spoil out of the king’s palace, including “hostages” who happened to be the king’s own sons. Yoash’s taking Amaziah’s sons ensured his safe travels back to Samaria. After that routing by their brethren of the House of Israel, Judah never again came against Israel, and during the years of peace between the two Nations, Yo-awsh—the conqueror—died and was out-lived by—the conquered—Amaziah by fifteen years. The etymology of the name Amaziah consists of two elements. The first part comes from the verb אמץ (’ames), meaning to be or become strong: The second part of the name Amaziah is the appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred name of Father. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H558, - אֲמַצְיָה, or אֲמַצְיָהוּ , - 'ămatsyâh, or 'ămatsyâhû, pronounced - Am-ats-yaw’, or Am-ats-yaw’-hoo, and means: From H553 and H3050; strength of Jah; Amatsjah, the name of four Israelites: - Amaziah. Total KJV occurrences: 40., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Son of Joash, and eighth king of Judah II Kings 12:21. He succeeded to the throne at the age of 25, on the murder of his father, and punished the murderers. In order to restore his kingdom to the greatness of Jehoshaphat's days, he made war on the Edomites, defeated them in the Valley of Salt, south of the Dead Sea, and took their capital, Selah or Petra, to which he gave the name of Jokteel, i.e. "God-subdued." Flushed with his success, he challenged Joash king of Israel to battle, but was completely defeated, and himself was taken prisoner and conveyed by Joash to Jerusalem, which opened its gates to the conqueror. Amaziah lived 15 years after the death of Joash; and in the 29th year of his reign was murdered by conspirators at Lachish, whither he had retired from Jerusalem for safety II Chronicles 25:27.”.
Azariah=In approximately 701B.C. with only fourteen years remaining in the reign of Jeroboam over the House of Israel, Amaziah’s son Azariah begins his 52 year reign over the House of Judah. Azariah was also known as Uzziah which when translated rather than transliterated means “strength of YAH,” it was a common trend to name someone with similar names which had similar meanings. We read in II Kings 14:21 that Azariah was sixteen years old when he was “made” king in his father’s stead; however, he was only three years old when his father Amaziah died, thus there was a thirteen year interregnum, in other words, a 13 year gap between the time Amaziah died and when the people “made” his son king at the age of 16. II Chronicles 26 gives us a very detailed description of Azariah’ reign over the House of Judah. We learn there that for many years Father had Blessed him because he was doing things which were pleasing to Father; as such, Father gave him many victories over Judah’s enemies. Sadly, all those Blessings and victories went to Azariah’s head and he changed, he no longer depended upon or sought Father, he also decided to take upon himself to act a High Priest and he marched himself into Father’s Temple in order to offer incense upon the Altar. As he was doing so, in walked the True High Priest—who also happened to be named Azariah— and with him were 80 Priests. They were there to put an end to Azariah’s foolishness; however, it would not be these priests who stopped Azariah, it was Father, for He wasn’t pleased that this high and mighty king had encroached on His Holy of Holies. As Azariah—the king—was standing there in his haughtiness chastising Azariah—the High Priest—for speaking so rough to his king, the High Priest and the other Priests with him noticed that a change was taking place within Azariah; for, right before their very eyes, leprosy began taking hold of king Azariah, and the external signs of it appeared on his forehead. As previously noted, Azariah reigned for a total of 52 years and died in the year 649B.C.. He had done many good things in Judah until he lost a strong prophet in Zechariah who had been guiding and mentoring him, once Father had strengthened him and he was left to his own devices, he quickly went south and forsook Father, even to the point where as we just read, he thought he could just waltz into the Temple and burn incense which ended up being his downfall. When Father called Azariah Home to Him, they buried his body in the city of David as they had all the other good kings of Judah; however, they did not bury him in the king’s sepulchers, they buried him in the field of burial because had they buried him in the sepulchers of the kings, it would have defiled every one of those kings in the kings sepulchers. The etymology of the name Azariah consists of two elements. The first part comes from the verb עזר (azar), meaning to help or support: The final bit of the name Azariah is formed from the appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred name of Father. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5838, - עֲזַרְיָה, or עֲזַרְיָהוּ , - ‛ăzaryâh, or ‛ăzaryâhû, pronounced - az-ar-yaw’, or az-ar-yaw’-hoo, and means: From H5826 and H3050; Jah has helped; Azarjah, the name of nineteen Israelites: - Azariah. Total KJV occurrences: 48., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “A common name in Hebrew, and especially in the families of the priests of the line of Eleazar, whose name has precisely the same meaning as Azariah. It is nearly identical, and is often confounded, with Ezra as well as with Zerahiah and Seraiah. One of the principal persons who bore this name was -- The tenth king of Judah, more frequently called Uzziah II Kings 14:21; 15:1,6,8,17,23,27; I Chronicles 8:12.”.
Jotham=Jotham reigned over the House of Judah from the age of 25—actually age 21, because that was when he truly began to rule, while his father Azariah was stricken with his leprosy and living in the separate house—until he died at the age of 41. A total of 16 years, from 647–632B.C.. Jotham did righteousness in the eyes of Father, much the same as his father Azariah had; however, the major contrast between these two father and son kings was, that, Jotham did not go into, nor attempt to go into, the Holiest of Holies and offer incense to Father as his father had. Dr. Bullinger states in his Companion Notes at verse II Kings 15:33, that, Jotham’s mother was “Jerusha the daughter of Zadok” (the High Priest), this possibly assists in explaining how and\or why his father Azariah—Jerusha’s husband—took it upon himself to enter into the Holiest of Holies. So, what else did Jotham do during his reign? It’s recorded in II Chronicles 27; so, let’s turn there and read of it: II Chronicles 27:1 Jotham was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Jerushah, the daughter of Zadok. —> As we just read of in II Kings 15:33. [27:2] And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father Uzziah did: howbeit he entered not into the temple of the LORD. And the people did yet corruptly. —> He didn't enter into the Holiest of Holies; however, he also didn’t remove the idols, he allowed the people to worship false gods and hold their orgies; but, he also did do some righteous things which we’ll be reading of shortly. [27:3] He built the high gate of the house of the LORD, and on the wall of Ophel he built much. —> The Ophel; or, the lofty place or tower at the north end of the hill of Zion, between Zion and the Temple. [27:4] Moreover he built cities in the mountains of Judah, and in the forests he built castles and towers. —> Much like Solomon, Jotham did a lot of building of buildings, and building up of the Nation. [27:5] He fought also with the king of the Ammonites, and prevailed against them. And the children of Ammon gave him the same year an hundred talents of silver, and ten thousand measures of wheat, and ten thousand of barley. So much did the children of Ammon pay unto him, both the second year, and the third. —> He conquered many foreign cities, most notably Ammon, and then put the Ammonites to tribute. [27:6] So Jotham became mighty, because he prepared his ways before the LORD his God. —> This is what Father does for us when we do things His way, He Blesses us as He Blessed Jotham here. So long as he continued to Bless Father, Father Blessed him; however, when he stopped doing things Father’s way, then Father withdrew His Blessings from Jotham and even went so far as to send adversaries—namely Peh-kakh’ and Rezin of Syria—against him and Judah. [27:7] Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all his wars, and his ways, lo, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah. —> Yes, some of what he accomplished and some of his wars are written of and recorded in Father's Word. [27:8] He was five and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. [27:9] And Jotham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David: and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead. —> At the young age of 41 he died and returned Home to Father and his son Ahaz took over the throne of the House of Judah in his stead. The etymology of the name Jotham consists of two elements, the first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. The second part of our name comes from the verb תָם, meaning perfect. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3147, - יוֹתָם, - yôthâm, pronounced - yo-thawm’, and means: From H3068 and H8535; Jehovah (is) perfect; Jotham, the name of three Israelites: - Jotham. Total KJV occurrences: 24., and now from the Smith“s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The son of King Uzziah or Azariah and Jerushah. After administering the kingdom for some years during his father's leprosy, he succeeded to the throne B.C. 758, when he was 25 years old, and reigned 16 years in Jerusalem. He was contemporary with Pekah and with the prophet Isaiah. His history is contained in II Kings 15:1, and II Chronicles 27:1.”.
I Chronicles 3:13 Ahaz (possessor; and, possessor) (Aw-khawz’) his son, Hezekiah (strengthened of JAH; or, the might of YHVH) (Yekh-iz-kee-yaw’-hoo) his son, Manasseh (causing to forget; or, forgetting) (men-ash-sheh’) his son, —> Ahaz= Ahaz was the eleventh king of the House of Judah, reigning for 16 years, from 632–616B.C.. Ahaz was 20 years old when he ascended the throne and as we read in both the Book of Kings, II Kings 16, and the Book of Chronicles, II Chronicles 28, he was a very bad king for the people of the House of Judah as, he was for Judah what Ahab was for the House of Israel. To this author, the only other king of the House of Judah who was worse, was Ahaz’s grandson Manasseh. Just how evil was Ahaz? Again, both the Book of Kings, and the Book of Chronicles tell us that he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, making molten images for baalim;—where and whenever baal is mentioned we have to include the worship of ashtaroh; because, they are tied together as a unit. Where ever baal worship exists, the groves are mentioned, as well as, the word “asherah.” The word “asherah” in the Hebrew is from the root word “ashar,” and it means “to be straight, erect, and upright.” It is from this word that we get the moral reference, “to be upright,” hence happy and prosper. The male part called “asherah” is distinguished from “ashtaroth” the female goddess; yet, the images are worshipped together. The ashtaroth being representative of the productive (or passive) principle of life; and “baal” or “asherah” being representative of the generative (or active) part of the process for producing life. In other words this is using the sexual process in a form of worship, and the shaping of the trunks of the trees as the idols and images (groves) are done to excite the worshipers into the practice, and Father hates the practice.—he burned incense in the valley of Hinnom;—from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary we read this concerning the valley of Hinnom: “Valley of, otherwise called "the valley of the son" or "children of Hinnom," a deep and narrow ravine, with steep, rocky sides, to the south and west of Jerusalem, separating Mount Zion to the north from the "hill of evil counsel," and the sloping rocky plateau of the "plain of Rephaim" to the south. The earliest mention of the valley of Hinnom is in Joshua 15:8; 18:16 where the boundary line between the tribes of Judah and Benjamin is described as passing along the bed of the ravine. On the southern brow, overlooking the valley at its eastern extremity Solomon erected high places for Molech, I Kings 11 whose horrid rites were revived from time to time in the same vicinity the later idolatrous kings. Ahaz and Manasseh made their children "pass through the fire" in this valley, II Kings 16; II Chronicles 28:3; 33:6 and the fiendish custom of infant sacrifice to the fire-gods seems to have been kept up in Tophet, which was another name for this place.”—he sacrificed some of his infant children in the fire to molech; and he re-established the high places, thus causing the People of Judah to go and worship his false gods in these high places; yes, they also worshiped Father YHVH in the high places; but, it was an illegal form of worship because Father didn’t want to be worshiped there, He wanted to be worshiped in His House, where He said to worship Him. The etymology of the name Ahaz comes from the verb אחז (ahaz), meaning to seize or grasp. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H271, - אחז, - 'âchâz, pronounced - aw-khawz', and means: From H270; possessor; Achaz, the name of a Jewish king and of an Israelite: - Ahaz., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Eleventh king of Judah, son of Jotham, reigned about sixteen years. At the time of his accession, Rezin king of Damascus and Pekah king of Israel had recently formed a league against Judah, and they proceeded to lay siege to Jerusalem. Upon this Isaiah hastened to give advice and encouragement to Ahaz, and the allies failed in their attack on Jerusalem Isaiah 7; 8; 9. But, the allies inflicted a most severe injury on Judah by the capture of Elath, a flourishing port on the Red Sea, while the Philistines invaded the west and south II Kings 16; II Chronicles 28. Ahaz, having forfeited God's favor by his wickedness, sought deliverance from these numerous troubles by appealing to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, who forced him from his most formidable enemies. But Ahaz had to purchase this help at a costly price; he became tributary to Tiglath-pileser. He was weak, a gross idolater, and sought safety in heathen ceremonies, making his son pass through the fire to Molech, consulting wizards and necromancers Isaiah 8:19, and other idolatrous practices II Kings 23:12. His only service of permanent value was the introduction of the sun-dial. He died at the age of 36, but was refused a burial with the kings his ancestors II Chronicles 28:27.”.
Hezekiah=Hezekiah was 25 years old when he ascended the throne of the House of Judah in the year 616B.C.,—he actually began his reign during the fifteenth year of his father Ahaz’s reign; remember, Ahaz reigned for a total of sixteen years, but was deposed of by Shalmaneser in his fifteenth year, and he set Ahaz’s son in his stead—and he reigned for 29 years. Hezekiah was one of Judah, and Israel’s greatest kings. He had more trust and confidence in Father than even king David. How do we know this? Because Father’s Word tells us so in II Kings 18:5, which reads: II Kings 18:5 He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him.. Plus, it was Hezekiah who, in the first year of his reign, in the first month, opened the doors of Father’s Temple after his own father had had them sealed shut. He brought in the priests and the Levites and had them repair the doors, cleap up and out Father’s House, and then sanctified the priests; and, after that he held the grandest Passover in all recorded Israelite history to that time, there are three whole chapters in the Book of Chronicles dedicated to how he conducted this Passover for Father; he broke and destroyed all the molten images his father had had fashioned; he cut down the groves and put an end to the sodomites and sexual orgies; he put a stop the burning of incense; he put an end to the worship of molech and all the other false gods; and he tore down all the high places which his father had erected. As we see, he really cleaned Judah up. He wrote that beautiful Prayer to Father found in II Kings 19:15-19 and reads: II Kings 19:15 And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, “O LORD God of Israel, which dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth. [19:16] LORD, bow down thine ear, and hear: open, LORD, thine eyes, and see: and hear the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent him to reproach the living God. [19:17] Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have destroyed the nations and their lands, [19:18] And have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them. [19:19] Now therefore, O LORD our God, I beseech thee, save thou us out of his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art the LORD God, even thou only.”; plus, he wrote the fifteen Psalms of the Degrees after Father had initially told him through His Prophet Isaiah that he was about to return Home to Father, and he had asked Father to allow him to stay in the flesh for a while longer. Father granted him an additional fifteen years. He was the king and man that I desire and Pray to our Father, that, our President and all the other leaders of the world be today. Was Hezekiah perfect? No, he was in the flesh and he too allowed his flesh to get in his way. After Father had granted him those extra fifteen years in the flesh, he fell, what did he do? No sooner had he recovered when the king of Babylon sent letters and presents to him, why would he do so, do you think it was in order to just play nice-nice, or wish him niceities for getting better? No, of course it wasn’t as; these letters and presents were meant to achieve exactly what they did bring about, meaning that, through flattery, the King of Babel accomplished what Sennacherib, the king of terrors could not, i.e., defeat and over-throw Hezekiah, and take Jerusalem and all the House of Judah into captivity. Upon receipt of the letters and presents, Hezekiah invited Sennacherib’s ambassadors in and showed them all his riches. Not only did Hezekiah take them to and show them his gold and silver; but, he also walked them through his spice house, in which were all the known spices of the world, and showed them all his lotions, perfumes, and oils. He had even taken them on a tour and showed them all of Judah’s armories, defensive fortifications, and positions on the wall; and, then went so far as to show these men the secret places in his own house. There wasn’t anything that Hezekiah wouldn’t do for or show these men, all because of his pride in how Father had richly Blessed him. The etymology of the name Hezekiah consists of two elements, the final part is formed by the appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. The first part of the name Hezekiah comes from the verb חזק (hazaq), meaning to be or become strong. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2396, - חזקיּה, חזקיּהוּ, יחזקיּה, or יחזקיּהוּ, - chizqı̂yâh, chizqı̂yâhu, yechizqı̂yâh, or yechizqı̂yâhû, pronounced - khiz-kee-yaw', khiz-kee-yaw’-hoo, yekh-iz-kee-yaw’, yekh-iz-kee-yaw’-hoo, and means: From H2388 and H3050, strengthened of Jah; Chizkijah, a king of Judah, also the name of two other Israelites: - Hezekiah, Hizkiah, Hizkijah. Compare H3169., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “Twelfth king of Judah, son of the apostate Ahaz and Abi or Abijah, ascended the throne at the age of 25. Hezekiah was one of the three most perfect kings of Judah II Kings 18:5; Sirach 49:4. His first act was to purge and repair and reopen with splendid sacrifices and perfect ceremonial the temple. He also destroyed a brazen serpent, said to have been the one used by Moses in the miraculous healing of the Israelites Numbers 21:9, which had become an object of adoration. When the kingdom of Israel had fallen, Hezekiah invited the scattered inhabitants to a peculiar passover, which was continued for the unprecedented period of fourteen days II Chronicles 29:30,31. At the head of a repentant and united people, Hezekiah ventured to assume the aggressive against the Philistines and in a series of victories not only rewon the cities which his father had lost II Chronicles 28:18, but even dispossessed them of their own cities except Gaza II Kings 18:8, and Gath. He refused to acknowledge the supremacy of Assyria II Kings 18:7. Instant war was imminent and Hezekiah used every available means to strengthen himself II Kings 20:20. It was probably at this dangerous crisis in his kingdom that we find him sick and sending for Isaiah, who prophesies death as the result II Kings 20:1. Hezekiah's prayer for longer life is heard. The prophet had hardly left the palace when he was ordered to return and promise the king immediate recovery and fifteen years more of life II Kings 20:4. An embassy coming from Babylon ostensibly to compliment Hezekiah on his convalescence, but really to form an alliance between the two powers, is favorably received by the king, who shows them the treasures which he had accumulated. For this Isaiah foretells the punishment that shall befall his house II Kings 20:17. The two invasions of Sennacherib occupy the greater part of the scripture records concerning the reign of Hezekiah. The first of these took place in the third year of Sennacherib, and occupies only three verses II Kings 18:13-16. Respecting the commencement of the second invasion we have full details in II Kings 18:7 seq.; II Chronicles 32:9 seq.; Isaiah 36:1 ... Sennacherib sent against Jerusalem an army under two officers and his cupbearer, the orator Rabshakeh, with a blasphemous and insulting summons to surrender; but Isaiah assures the king he need not fear, promising to disperse the enemy II Kings 19:6,7. Accordingly that night "the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred fourscore and five thousand." Hezekiah only lived to enjoy for about one year more his well-earned peace and glory. He slept with his fathers after a reign of twenty-nine years, in the 56th year of his age.”.
Manasseh=Manasseh was Judah’s; if not all Israel’s worst king. He ascended the throne at the age of 12 in the year 588B.C.. He was the longest reigning king over either House, reigning for 55 years; again, from 588–533B.C.. Just how evil was Manasseh? Let’s listen to our Father tell it in II Chronicles 33: II Chronicles 33:1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and he reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem: [33:2] But did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, like unto the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD had cast out before the children of Israel. [33:3] For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down, and he reared up altars for Baalim, and made groves, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them. —> Manasseh re-established the high places, thus causing the People of Judah to go and worship his false gods in these high places; yes, they also worshiped Father YHVH in the high places; but, it was an illegal form of worship because Father didn’t want to be worshiped there, He wanted to be worshiped in His House, where He said to worship Him. He rebuilt the altars to baalim and caused the People to serve and worship baal. Where and whenever baal is mentioned, we have to include the worship of ashtaroh; because, they are tied together as a unit. Where ever baal worship exists, the groves are mentioned, as well as the word “asherah.” The word “asherah” in the Hebrew is from the root word “ashar,” and it means “to be straight, erect, and/or upright.” It is from this word that we get the moral reference, “to be upright,” hence happy and prosper. The male part, called “asherah,” is distinguished from “ashtaroth,” the female goddess; yet, the images are worshipped together. The ashtaroth being representative of the productive (or passive) principle of life; and “baal” or “asherah” being representative of the generative (or active) part of the process for producing life. In other words, this is using the sexual process in a form of worship, and the shaping of the trunks of the trees as the idols and images (groves) are done to excite the worshipers into the practice, and Father hates the practice. [33:4] Also he built altars in the house of the LORD, whereof the LORD had said, “In Jerusalem shall my name be for ever.” —> Did you hear and do you understand that brethren? Manasseh built and placed altars for his false gods, right in Father’ House, truly that is an ABOMINATION!!! [33:5] And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD. —> There were two Courts in the Temple: The Inner Court was outside the Temple itself; but, before the Outer Court, it was the area where you would find the Altar of Burnt Offering, the laver for washing the offerings, and the Brazen Sea which the priests utilized to bathe themselves in preparation for Serving and Worshiping Father. Father knew everything that Manasseh was doing in His House and He wanted nothing to do with what Manasseh was doing. Manasseh was worshiping Father’s creation; NOT FATHER, he was worshiping the angels, and we can read several times in Father’s Word where as somebody was about to do that to an angel, the angel said “do it not! ” [33:6] And he caused his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom: also he observed times, and used enchantments, and used witchcraft, and dealt with a familiar spirit, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him to anger. —> Manasseh sacrificed and burned his own infant children in molech worship in the valley of Hinnom, let’s read what the Smith’s Bible Dictionary has to say concerning the valley of Hinnom: “Valley of, otherwise called "the valley of the son" or "children of Hinnom," a deep and narrow ravine, with steep, rocky sides, to the south and west of Jerusalem, separating Mount Zion to the north from the "hill of evil counsel" and the sloping rocky plateau of the "plain of Rephaim" to the south. The earliest mention of the valley of Hinnom is in Joshua 15:8; 18:16 where the boundary line between the tribes of Judah and Benjamin is described as passing along the bed of the ravine. On the southern brow, overlooking the valley at its eastern extremity Solomon erected high places for Molech, I Kings 11 whose horrid rites were revived from time to time in the same vicinity the later idolatrous kings. Ahaz and Manasseh made their children "pass through the fire" in this valley, II Kings 16; II Chronicles 28:3; 33:6 and the fiendish custom of infant sacrifice to the fire-gods seems to have been kept up in Tophet, which was another name for this place.” Now let’s check out these other words\practices which Manasseh was practicing: Observed times=Let’s check this word out in our Strong’s Concordance brethren; as, when we do, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6049, - עָנַן, - ‛ânan, pronounced - aw-nan’ and means: A primitive root; to cover; used only as denominative from H6051, to cloud over; figuratively to act covertly, that is, practise magic: - X bring, enchanter, Meonemin, observe (-r of) times, soothsayer, sorcerer. Total KJV occurrences: 11.; so, we see that one who observes the times, is one who hides, or covers over good, by using evil forms of divination, omens, and the like. Enchantments=If you are a studier of Father’s Word, then this word ought to just about make the hairs on the back of your neck, stand on end; as, when we look this up in our Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5172, - נָחַשׁ, - nâchash, pronounced - naw-khash’, and means: A primitive root; properly to hiss, that is, whisper a (magic) spell; generally to prognosticate: - X certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) X enchantment, learn by experience, X indeed, diligently observe. Total KJV occurrences: 11., as we see, it’s very similar to another Hebrew word you should be familiar with H5175, our old “friend” the serpent, in other words, satan. Witchcraft=We first read of witches and\or witchcraft in Exodus 22:18 which reads: Exodus 22:18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live. —> Reading this verse in Exodus 22:18 almost seems out of place as, as we read there, the chapter is talking about sexual congress or intercourse, in other words, if a man and woman who are not married lie together. So, how and why does this verse concerning a witch enter into the picture? Well, we have to understand the meaning of the word witch or witchcraft, and we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3784, - כָּשַׁף, - kâshaph, pronounced - kaw-shaf’, and means: A primitive root; properly to whisper a spell, that is, to enchant or practise magic: - sorcerer, (use) witch (-craft). Total KJV occurrences: 6., Dr. Bullinger notes in his notes at this verse in his Companion Bible the following: “Witch or spiritualist: Medium to or from, from root to mutter, as to some demon. Compare Leviticus 19:26, 31; 20:27; Deuteronomy 18:9-14. This enactment shows the reality of intercourse with evil spirits (angels) and demons.”. One who uses witchcraft is one who has intercourse with evil spirits and then asks them to harm whomever they wish to cast their “spell” upon. This is an evil practice which Father hates. Familiar Spirits=First from the Strong’ s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H178, - אוֹב, - 'ôb, pronounced - obe, and means: From the same as H1 (apparently through the idea of prattling a father’ s name); properly a mumble, that is, a water skin (from its hollow sound); hence a necromancer (ventriloquist, as from a jar): - bottle, familiar spirit. Total KJV occurrences: 17., Dr. Bullinger notes this concerning “familiar spirits” in his Companion Bible in Leviticus 19:31: “These are evil spirits impersonating dead human beings, and attaching themselves only to “mediums” and those who give up their will to them. A dread reality is provided against by these enactments, compare Leviticus 20:27; Deuteronomy 18:10-12; I Chronicles 10:13-14; and Isaiah 8:19. The Hebrew “'ôb” is borrowed from the Akkadian word ubi=a charm, used of one who has a mistress of the spell, or spirit, Isaiah 29:4. See Acts 16:16 where it is defined as “a spirit of python” (=pythius Apollo), i.e., the devil.”; Wizzards=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3049, - יִדְּעֹנִי, - yidde‛ônı̂y, pronounced - yid-deh-o-nee', and means: From H3045; properly a knowing one; specifically a conjurer; (by implication) a ghost: - wizard. Total KJV occurrences: 11., the Smith’s Bible Dictionary says to “see: Divination; or Magic.”, Dr. Bullinger notes in his Companion Bible: “Mediums, i.e., “knowing ones”=those having occult knowledge..” [33:7] And he set a carved image, the idol which he had made, in the house of God, of which God had said to David and to Solomon his son, “In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen before all the tribes of Israel, will I put My name for ever: —> He set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house=Do you understand what this fool did brethren? He made a graven golden image of his asherah grove where they held their orgies, and he placed it right there in Father’s House, and worshiped his image in Father’s House. WOW, what an abomination!!! Father’s Temple was, and is, the most Holy Place of all places here on His Created earth, and what did Manasseh do? He turned the House of Father YHVH into a whore house; a place for them to hold their sex orgies. All the time that Manasseh did all this wickedness, he declared that he was doing it in the name of the Living God=ELOAH. Does it sound familiar with a lot of the stuff we see going on in many kurch houses today? If they declare that they are doing it in the name of Jesus, than they can go ahead with all their things that go against Father’s Word. Let’s go to Deuteronomy 18 and read what Father had to say about these things: Deuteronomy 18:9 When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations. —> Everything is Father’s Creation, thus He owns everything, and as He says here; He was giving this parcel of land to our forefathers and as such, He placed a condition on their receiving it and this condition is that they don’t do as the heathen around them had done. Deuteronomy 18:10 There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch. —> It was heartbreaking for him to watch these heathen children of His of these other nations worshiping other false gods and He didn’t want His Chosen People to do the same. Deuteronomy 18:11 Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer. —> He wasn’t kidding when He told our forefathers to not do these things. The first man king of Israel: Saul found this out the hard way. Deuteronomy 18:12 For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee. —> Manasseh chased after all of these abominations and the people were more than happy to follow right behind him in his wickedness. You have to ask yourself, where were the Priests and the Prophets while all this was going on? I’ll tell you where they were; those who were speaking out against this vileness were either being thrown in prison, or being killed, just like had been done with Jeremiah. Brethren, these are types of what we shall witness as this Age comes to a close, you can look around and see all of it being accepted throughout the world and especially in our Country today. We heard our former president, our Congressional and Senate Lawmakers, our supposed leaders, support the unmerciful killing of innocent unborn children while still in the mother’s womb, and then those who perform such procedures using the unborn fetus’ parts for the sake of all sorts of things. I’m sure that Manasseh also had enacted many laws which protected these heathen acts so that the people would have their conscience deadened to Father’s Word. Remember, just like in the kurch houses of today, many of the kenite influenced priests went right along with Manasseh, otherwise it would not have happened in Father’s Temple. This is a type of exactly what is befalling us in these end times. [33:8] Neither will I any more remove the foot of Israel from out of the land which I have appointed for your fathers; so that they will take heed to do all that I have commanded them, according to the whole law and the statutes and the ordinances by the hand of Moses.” [33:9] So Manasseh made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, and to do worse than the heathen, whom the LORD had destroyed before the children of Israel. —> This is what Father thought of Manasseh and what he caused the People of the House of Judah to committ. Father hates it!!! So, brethren, don’t allow yourselves to become involved with it, don’t associate yourselves with it, and definitely don’t ever vote for it or the people who support it!!! The name Manasseh is generally seen as derived from the verb נשה (nasha), basically meaning forget. The name Manasseh is probably due to a grammatical form in Hebrew that is comparable to the English present continuous. It fixes the letter מ (mem) to the root. That would give the name Manasseh the meaning of Forgetting. Another reason why a mem may occur in front of a root is when it comes from a particle that means “from. ” Hence the name Manasseh may also mean From A Debt. This is significant because Manasseh’s brother is named Ephraim, a name with a distinctly bitter secondary meaning. Perhaps Joseph named his son From A Debt, because he figured that besides his gratitude for being rescued, he felt that either God or his family owed him a debt for tearing him away from his father. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4519, - מנשּׁה, - menashsheh, pronounced - men-ash-sheh', and means: From H5382; causing to forget; Menashsheh, Thirteenth king of the House of Judah: - Manasseh.; and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The thirteenth king of Judah, son of Hezekiah II Kings 20:21, ascended the throne at the age of twelve, and reigned 55 years. His accession was the signal for an entire change in the religious administration of the kingdom. Idolatry was again established to such an extent that every faith was tolerated but the old faith of Israel. The Babylonian alliance which the king formed against Assyria resulted in his being made prisoner and carried off to Babylon in the twenty-second year of his reign, according to a Jewish tradition. There his eyes were opened and he repented, and his prayer was heard and the Lord delivered him II Chronicles 33:12-13, and he returned after some uncertain interval of time to Jerusalem. The altar of the Lord was again restored, and peace offerings and thank offerings were sacrificed to Jehovah II Chronicles 38:15-16. But beyond this the reformation did not go. On his death, he was buried as Ahaz had been, not with the burial of a king, in the sepulchres of the house of David, but in the garden of Uzza II Kings 21:26, and long afterward, in suite of his repentance, the Jews held his name in abhorrence.”.
I Chronicles 3:14 Amon (probably in the sense of training; skilled, that is, an architect; or, builder) (aw-mone’) his son, Josiah (founded of YAH; or, whom YHVH heals) (Yo-she-yaw’-hoo) his son. —> Amon= In the year 533B.C. Manasseh’s son Amon ascended to the throne as king of the House of Judah. Amon was 22 years old when he took the reins of Judah, he practiced only that which was evil while he reigned as king; and as such, he reigned for only 2 years before returning Home to Father at the young age of 24, being killed by his own People who conspired against him because he was so evil. The etymology of the name Amon comes from the root-verb אמן (’aman), meaning to support or confirm. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H526, - אמון, - 'âmôn, pronounced - aw-mone’, and means: The same as H525; Amon, the name of three Israelites: - Amon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “King of Judah, son and successor of Manasseh, reigned two years. Amon devoted himself wholly to the service of false gods, but was killed in a conspiracy, and was succeeded by his son Josiah.”.
Josiah= Amon’s son, Josiah, ascended the throne of the House of Judah at the very tender young age of 8 years old in the year 531B.C.. He was the second youngest king, only Joash was younger. His grandfather, Manasseh, was only 4 years older when he had ascended the throne. Josiah ruled the Nation for 31 years, until the year 500B.C.. His reign is covered in II Kings 22; II Kings 23; and II Chronicles 34. Like his great great-grandfather, Hezekiah, before him, he was a very pious and righteous king. He stands atop the ladder with David, Solomon, Asa, and Hezekiah. It was said of him in II Kings 23:25 that there was no king like him before he took the throne, nor none after him, who turned to Father with all his heart, who was a reader and a doer of the Law. He literally followed the Law to the letter of the law. Again brethren, think of some of Judah’s good kings before him, some of his great grand-fathers: David, Solomon, Asa and Hezekiah, each in his own right was a great king who Loved Father and did righteously, and here is Josiah who is now said to have been better than all of them. Yeah, that’s quite a powerful statement. Why do we have such a exceptional view of Josiah? Well, let’s look at some of the things which were accomplished during his reign: During the 8th year of his reign,—thus making him 16 years of age—he began in earnest to pursue and seek Father with all his heart in order to serve and worship Him; 4 years later, in the 12th year of his rule, he began to purge Judah of all the asherah groves and high places, and the false gods and idols. This took a total of 6 years to complete. Of course, during this purging, he came upon and desecrated the graves of those who had been worshiping those false gods,—the same false gods which Father had led one of His Prophets to prophesy about 340 years previous. The Biblical historian Josephus says this in his writings concerning this instance of Josiah’s actions: “he slew the priests of the idols that were not of the family of Aaron. And when he had done thus in Jerusalem, he came into the country, and utterly destroyed what buildings had been made therein by king Jeroboam, in honor of strange gods; and he burnt the bones of the false prophets upon that altar which Jeroboam first built.” He also had effected much needed repairs on Father’s House. Then, during his 18th year, as he was having the Priests go through Father’s House, they came upon “The Book of The Law,” the Original copy of the Torah or Pentateuch which Moses himself wrote at Father’s Command, and which was supposed to have been placed inside Father’s Ark. It must have been secreted away by one of the Priests sometime during the reign of one of the heathen-worshiping kings. Anyway, after finding “The Book of The Law,” Josiah next gathered all the People in Judah at Father’s House and read to them all the words of “The Book of The Law,” and personally led all the People back to Father in repentance. Afterwards, Josiah held the grandest Passover ever. The etymology of the name Josiah consists of two elements, the first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. The origin of the first part of the name Josiah is unclear. To start with, it looks exactly like the verb יאש (ya’ash), meaning to despair. Thus the name Josiah also carries the unmistakable meaning of “The Despair Of Yahveh.” BDB Theological Dictionary dictates that the name Josiah derives from the verb אשה (’shh), which is unused in the Bible but which probably means to support. Its derivative אשיה (’oshya) means buttress or pillar and occurs only in Jeremiah 50:15. Hence BDB reads Yah Supporteth. This verb, however, is strikingly similar to the word אשה (’ishsha), meaning woman or female, which comes from the root group אנש (’nsh), having meanings like to be sick, weak or social (see the name Enosh). And what to think of the similar noun אשה (’ishsheh), meaning a fire offering (Leviticus 1:9)? This word probably comes from the word אש (’esh), meaning fire. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2977, - יאשׁיּה, or יאשׁיּהוּ, - yô'shı̂yâh, or yô'shı̂yâhû, pronounced - yo-she-yaw’, or yo-she-yaw’-hoo, and means: From the same root as H803 and H3050; founded of Jah; Joshijah, the name of two Israelites: - Josiah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The son of Amon and Jedidah, succeeded his father, in the eighty years of his age, and reigned 31 years. His history is contained in II Kings 22:1; II Kings 24:30; II Chronicles 34:1; II Chronicles 35:1 and the first twelve chapters of Jeremiah throw much light upon the general character of the Jews in his day. He began in the eighth year of his reign to seek the Lord; and in his twelfth year, and for six years afterward, in a personal progress throughout all the land of Judah and Israel, he destroyed everywhere high places, groves, images and all outward signs and relics of idolatry. The temple was restored under a special commission; and in the course of the repairs Hilkiah the priest found that book of the law of the Lord which quickened so remarkably the ardent zeal of the king. He was aided by Jeremiah the prophet in spreading through his kingdom the knowledge and worship of Jehovah. The great day of Josiah’s life was the day of the passover in the eighteenth year of his reign. After this his endeavors to abolish every trace of idolatry and superstition were still carried on; but the time drew near which had been indicated by Huldah II Kings 22:20. When Pharaoh-necho went from Egypt to Carchemish to carry on his war along the seacoast. Necho reluctantly paused and gave him battle in the valley of Esdraelon. Josiah was mortally wounded, and died before he could reach Jerusalem. He was buried with extraordinary honors.”.
I Chronicles 3:15 And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan (YHVH-favored; or, (gift, or grace of YHVH) (yo-khaw-nawn’), the second Jehoiakim (YHVH will raise; or, whom YHVH sets up) (yeh-ho-yaw-keem’), the third Zedekiah (right of YAH; or, justice of YHVH) (tsid-kee-yaw’-hoo), the fourth Shallum (a requital, that is (secure) retribution; or, retribution) (shal-loom’). —> All but the eldest of Josiah’s sons will sit upon the throne of the House of Judah. The first will be the youngest, Shallum, who is also known as Jehoahaz; the next will be Josiah’s second, Jehoiakim; and the last, who is also the last king of the House of Judah, is Zedekiah.
Johanan=Josiah’s son Johanan was not king, he didn’t have any significant accomplishments to note in Father’s Word, nor was he in the genealogical listing to Jesus; therefore, I’ll only be providing the entymology of his name and a detailed description via the Strong’s Concordance, and the Smith’s Bible Dictionary. First, the etymology of the name Johanan consists of two elements, the first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. The final part of the name comes from the verb חנן (hanan), meaning to be gracious. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3110, - יוֹחָנָן, - yôchânân, pronounced - yo-khaw-nawn’, and means: A form of H3076; Jochanan, the name of nine Israelites: - Johanan. Total KJV occurrences: 24., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary where we read: “The first-born son of Josiah king of Judah I Chronicles 3:15.”.
Jehoiakim=He is identified as Jehoiakim in I Chronicles 3:15; however, we read and learn in II Kings 23:34 and II Chronicles 36:4 that it was Pharaoh-nechoh the king of Egypt who set him as king after deposing his younger brother and also changed his name from Eliakim to Jehoiakim. Jehoiakim was 25 years old in 499B.C. when he was set up as king over the House of Judah, he reigned for 11 years, doing only that which was evil in Father’s eyes. Since it was Necho who set him as king, he taxed the day-lights out of his fellow countrymen, giving all their gold and silver to Necho. After this, came Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon who overthrew Necho and made Jehoiakim a vassal for 3 years before Jehoiakim rebelled against his yoke so, Nebuchadnezzar carried him back to Babylon where he later died. The etymology of the name Jehoiakim consists of two elements, the first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. The second part of our name comes from the verb קום, meaning to rise or stand up. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3079, - יהויקים, - Yehôyâqı̂ym, pronounced - Yeh-ho-yaw-keem’, and means: From H3068 abbreviated and H6965; Jehovah will raise; Jehojakim, a Jewish king: - Jehoiakim. Compare H3113., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “He is called Eliakim, son of Josiah and king of Judah. After deposing Jehoahaz, Pharaoh-necho set Eliakim, his elder brother, upon the throne, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. For four years Jehoiakim was subject toi Egypt, when Nebuchadnezzar, after a short siege, entered Jerusalem, took the king prisoner, bound him in fetters to carry him to Babylon, and took also some of the precious vessels of the temple and carried them to the land of Shinar. Jehoiakim became tributary to Nebuchadnezzar after his invasion of Judah, and continued so for three years, but at the end of that time broke his oath of allegiance and rebelled against him II Kings 24:1. Nebuchadnezzar sent against him numerous bands of Chaldeans, with Syrians, Moabites and Ammonites II Kings 24:7, and who cruelly harassed the whole country. Either in an engagement with some of these forces or else by the hand of his own oppressed subjects Jehoiakim came to a violent end in the eleventh year of his reign. His body was cast out ignominiously on the ground, and then was dragged away and buried “with the burial of an ass,” without pomp or lamentation, “beyond the gates of Jerusalem” Jeremiah 22:18-19; 36:30. All the accounts we have of Jehoiakim concur in ascribing to him a vicious and irreligious character II Kings 23:37; 24:9; II Chronicles 36:5.”.
Zedekiah=He is identified as Zedekiah in I Chronicles 3:15; however, we read and learn in II Kings 24:17 that he was originally named Mattaniah, and that it was Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon who set him as king after deposing of his nephew and changing his name from Mattaniah to Zedekiah. Nebuchadnezzar changed Zedekiah’s name and then placed him as a vassal king over the people who remained in Judah and Jerusalem. Zedekiah had no real power, he was just like his grandfather, a collector of taxes for Nebuchadnezzar. He was 21 years old when he began his vassal reign as king in the year 488B.C., and he had the reins for 11 years, until he was put to death as the age of 32 years of age in the year 477B.C.. Father had sent His Prophet Jeremiah to counsel Zedekiah, telling him that his and Judah’s captivity was of Father’s making for their rebellion against Him; that, all would be well if he just accepted the captivity; however, Zedekiah rebelled against both Father and Nebuchadnezzar either in or close to his ninth year, when and or where, he figured he could succeed in a revolt against Babylon and he entered into an alliance with Egypt—which angered Father, and as far as He was concerned, it was evil in His eyes Ezekiel 17:15—and gave it a try; but, within two years he was captured II Kings 25:6. Chaldean soldiers killed his children in front of him and then gauged his eyes out. They also demolished Father’ Temple and took everything—king, People and spoils—to Babylon. The etymology of the name Zedekiah consists of two elements. The first part of our name comes from the verb צדק (sadeq), meaning to be just: The second part of the name Zedekiah is formed from the appellative , the first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6667, - צִדְקִיָּה, or צִדְקִיָּהוּ, - tsidqı̂yâh, or tsidqı̂yâhû, pronounced - tsid-kee-yaw', or tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H6664 and H3050; right of Jah; Tsidkijah, the name of six Israelites: - Zedekiah, Zidkijah. Total KJV occurrences: 62., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The last king of Judah and Jerusalem. He was the son of Josiah by his wife Hamutal, and therefore own brother to Jehoahaz II Kings 24:18, compare with II Kings 23:31. His original name was Mattaniah, which was changed to Zedekiah by Nebuchadnezzar when he carried off his nephew Jehoiachim to Babylon and left him on the throne of Jerusalem. Zedekiah was but twenty-one years old when he was thus placed in charge of an impoverished kingdom. His history is contained in a short sketch .of the events of his reign given in II Kings 24:17; II Kings 25:7 and, with some trifling variations in Jeremiah 39:1-7; 52:1-11 together with the still shorter summary in I Chronicles 38:10 etc. ; and also in Jeremiah 22; 24; 27-29; 32; 34, 37-38 and Ezekiel 16-21. From these it is evident that Zedekiah was a man not so much bad at heart as weak in will. It is evident from Jeremiah 27, 28 that the earlier portion of Zedekiah’s reign was marked by an agitation throughout the whole of Syria against the Babylonian yoke. Jerusalem seems to have taken the lead, since in the fourth year of Zedekiah’s reign we find ambassadors from all the neighboring kingdoms — Tyre, Sidon, Edom and Moab — at his court to consult as to the steps to be taken. The first act of rebellion of which any record survives was the formation of an alliance with Egypt, of itself equivalent to a declaration of enmity with Babylon. As a natural consequence it brought on Jerusalem an immediate invasion of the Chaldaeans. The mention of this event in the Bible though indisputable, is extremely slight, and occurs only in Jeremiah 37:5-11; 34:21 and Ezekiel 17:15-20. But Josephus (x.7,3) relates it more fully, and gives the date of its occurrence, namely, the eighth year of Zedekiah. Nebuchadnezzar at once sent an army to ravage Judea. This was done, and the whole country reduced, except Jerusalem and two strong places in the western plain, Lachish and Azekah, which still held out Jeremiah 34:7. Called away for a time by an attack from Pharaoh and the Egyptians, on the tenth day of the tenth month of Zedekiah’s ninth year the Chaldeans were again before the walls Jeremiah 52:4. From this time forward the siege progressed slowly but surely to its consummation, the city was indeed reduced to the last extremity. The bread had for long been consumed Jeremiah 38:9, and all the terrible expedients had been tried to which the wretched inhabitants of a besieged town are forced to resort in such cases. At last, after sixteen dreadful months the catastrophe arrived. It was on the ninth day of the fourth month, about the middle of July at midnight, as Josephus with careful minuteness informs us, that the breach in those strong and venerable walls was effected. The moon, nine days old, had gone down. The wretched remnants of the army acquitted the city in the dead of night; and as the Chaldaean army entered the city at one end, the king and his wives fled from it by the opposite gate. They took the road toward the Jordan. As soon as the dawn of day permitted it, swift pursuit was made. The king’s party were overtaken near Jericho and carried to Nebuchadnezzar, who was then at Riblah, at the upper end of the valley of Lebanon. Nebuchadnezzar, with a refinement of barbarity characteristic of those cruel times ordered the sons of Zedekiah to be killed before him, and lastly his own eyes to be thrust out. He was then loaded with brazen fetters, and at a later period taken to Babylon, where he died.”.
Shallum=Shallum was Josiah’s youngest son. He was named Shallum by his parents; but, he was also known as Jehoahaz as we can read in Jeremiah 22:11; II Kings 23:30; and II Chronicles 36:1. He was 23 years of age in the year 500B.C. when the People of Judah had taken him and set him as king over them when his father returned Home to Father, and he reigned a whopping 3 months. Even in that short span of time, he only did evil in Father’s eyes. Pharaoh-Necho the king of Egypt came in and captured him in Riblah, bound him in chains and carried him off to Egypt where he died and returned Home to Father. The etymology of the name Shallum is as follows: The name Shallum is spelled and pronounced the same as the noun שלום (shillum), meaning recompense, and is spelled the same as but pronounced slightly different from the familiar word שלום (shalom), meaning peace. Both these words come from the verb שלם (shalem) , meaning to be unbroken or whole. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7967, - שַׁלּוּם, or שַׁלֻּם, - shallûm, or shallûm, pronounced - shal-loom’, or shal-loom', and means: The same as H7966; Shallum, the name of fourteen Israelites: - Shallum. Total KJV occurrences: 27., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “The third son of Josiah king of Judah, known in the books of Kings and Chronicles as Jehoahaz I Chronicles 3:15; Jeremiah 22:11 [Jehoahaz].”.
I Chronicles 3:16 And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah (YAH will establish; or, whom YHVH establishes) (yek-o-neh-yaw’) his son, Zedekiah his son. —> Jeconiah=Also called Coniah in Jeremiah 22:24; 22:28; and 37:1, by which we see the first syllable cut off his name. He is called “Jeconiah” in I Chronicles 3:16, which means “YAH will establish;” but the cutting off of the Devine Name “Je” (for YAH or YHVH) was by Father to show that He departed from the lad, and that “he would be cut off,” and Jehoiachin in II Kings 24:6,8,12,15; 25:27; II Chronicles 36:8,9; 52:31; and Ezra 1:2. Jechoniah was 18 years old in the year 489B.C. when he was set upon the throne of the House of Judah. Like many of his forefathers before him, he only did evil in Father’s eyes; hence He dropped the Devine portion of his name; and referred to him only as Coniah. He only reigned for 3 months before he was taken away to Babylon during the first seige of Judah to begin the 70 captivity. He lived at least another 37 years while in captivity; we know this because we can read in II Kings 25 and Jeremiah 52 that in the 37th year of his captivity, Evil-Merodach, who was now the king of Babylon, released him from prison, gave him kingly robes, set his throne above all the other vassal kings, and allowed him to sit at Evil-Merodach’s table with him while eating every day of the rest of his life. The etymology of the name Jeconiah—yes brethren, I DO know that the link takes you to the name Jehoiachin—consists of two elements, the first part being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHVH, or Yahveh, the sacred name of our Father. The final part of the name Jehoiachin comes from the verb כון (kun), meaning to be established or fixed. Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3204, - יְכָנְיָה, יְכָנְיָהוּ , or יְכוֹנְיָה, - yekonyâh, yekonyâhû, or yekôneyâh, pronounced - yek-on-yaw’(-hoo), or yek-o-neh-yaw’, and means: From H3559 and H3050, Jah will establish; Jekonjah, a Jewish king: - Jeconiah. Compare H3659. Total KJV occurrences: 7., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “See Jehoiachin.”.
Zedekiah=This Zedekiah is different from the king Zedekiah. This Zedekiah is the nephew of the king.
From this point through the rest of the Chapter brethren, I’ll not go into detail or even give etymology or genealogy of the names as, none of them did anything of significance to warrant a mention in Father’s Word except here in I Chronicles 3.
3:17-24 The descendants of
I Chronicles 3:17 And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son,
I Chronicles 3:18 Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.
I Chronicles 3:19 And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister:
I Chronicles 3:20 And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushabhesed, five.
I Chronicles 3:21 And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah.
I Chronicles 3:22 And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.
I Chronicles 3:23 And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.
I Chronicles 3:24 And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.
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