|* II Kings 25
Our last Chapter, II Kings 24, opened in the year 499 B.C. with Yo-she-yaw-hoo's (Josiah's) son Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' (Jehoiakim) on the throne of Judah. Of course, Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' wasn't the name originally given him by his parents, that was El-yaw-keem' (Eliakim), it was pharaoh-nechoh, king of Egypt who had changed his name to Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' as he was returning from his defeat of the Assyrians and had called his—Yeh-ho-yaw-keem's—younger brother Ye-ho-aw-khawz, whom the People of Judah had made king when their—Yeh-ho-yaw-keem and Ye-ho-aw-khawz's father was killed while engaging in battle against Nechoh—Ye-ho-aw-khawz—only ruled for three months and had committed evil acts before he was summoned to Hamath where—met Nechoh in Hamath, Nechoh put Ye-ho-aw-khawz in chains and then had him carried back to Egypt, and then made his older brother Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' a vassal king over the Nation of Judah and imposed a monthly tribute of a talent of gold and 100 talents of silver.
Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' was just as evil as his younger brother; though, he ruled the Nation for a lot longer than his younger brother, he ruled for 11 years. However, during his third year, Father began fulfilling His Prophesy which He had had His Prophetess Huldah tell his father Yo-she-yaw'-hoo whereby He would send an adversary against the Nation because of all the innocent blood which Man-ash-sheh'—Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's grandfather—had shed, as well as, all the other atrocious, evil, vile acts which he had committed when he was king over the Nation. That adversary happened to be a man named Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon. How did this new king, Nebuchadnezzar get involved—besides the obvious: Father—in this? Nebuchadnezzar had defeated pharaoh-nechoh and when he did so, he took control of all of Egypt's assets. Nebuchadnezzar then came against Judah—as I said a moment ago, during Yeh-ho-yaw-keem's third year—this was the first siege against Jerusalem, and when he besieged it, he not only took Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' captive; but, he also took many of the other high ranking officials of Judah back to Babylon. Only people who were of no threat to Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians—i.e., the commoners—were allowed to stay in the land. This is the beginning of the 70 year captivity, which lasted from 496 to 426 B.C.. Father's Prophet Daniel, author of the Book named after him, began his writings while he was a captive in Babylon. We also read that Father's Prophet Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo (Jeremiah) was prophesying to Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' at this time. Of course, Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' refused to accept Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo's prophesies; therefore, in order to get his attention, Father also sent against him, bands of Chaldees, Syrians, Moabites and Ammonites. Father said that He was sending these in order to utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
So, Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' went into captivity during the 3rd year of his 11 year rule over the Nation and sometime later, while he was still Nebuchadnezzar's captive, vassal king, he died and returned Home to Father. Father was quite angry with him and had His Prophet Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo prophesy this concerning his death: Jeremiah 22:18 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament for him, saying, ‘Ah my brother!’ or, ‘Ah sister!’ they shall not lament for him, saying, ‘Ah lord!’ or, ‘Ah his glory!’ [22:19] He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem. —> Father said that he'd be buried with the burial of an ass, though everybody knows that we don't hold funerals for asses; therefore, Father was telling us that he wasn't buried. We don't really know what happened to his body as Father's Word doesn't say; however, Josephus records that his dead carcass was thrown against one of the city walls, where it was left to decay to nothingness.
Once Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' died, Nebuchadnezzar made is son Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' a vassal king in his father's stead. We know that Nebuchadnezzar was still in charge as, he only reigned for 3 months and 10 days before Nebuchadnezzar sent his army to begin the second besiegement of Jerusalem and then had him brought to back to Babylon, along with his mother, his princes, his officers and servants, many goodly vessels, i.e. the treasures of the king's house, and all the vessels of gold which Solomon had crafted for Father's Temple, which when Nebuchadnezzar removed them, he had them cut in pieces, and he also then set Yeh-ho-yaw-keen's uncle Mat-tan-yaw'-hoo (Mattaniah), who he renamed Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo (Zedekiah) as a vassal king over the Nation. Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo was 21 years old when he took over the reigns of Judah, and he reigned for 11 years, rebelling almost entirely against Father and Nebuchadnezzar. This is where the Chapter closed.
This is where we pick up our Study today. The year is roughly 488 B.C. and Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo is rebelling against Father and His servant Nebuchadnezzar. Here is what Josephus has to say leading into this Chapter “Now Zedekiah was twenty and one year's old when he took the government; and had the same mother with his brother Jehoiakim, but was a despiser of justice and of his duty, for truly those of the same age with him were wicked about him, and the whole multitude did what unjust and insolent things they pleased; for which reason the prophet Jeremiah came often to him, and protested to him, and insisted, that he must leave off his impieties and transgressions, and take care of what was right, and neither give ear to the rulers, (among whom were wicked men,) nor give credit to their false prophets, who deluded them, as if the king of Babylon would make no more war against them, and as if the Egyptians would make war against him, and conquer him, since what they said was not true, and the events would not prove such [as they expected]. Now as to Zedekiah himself, while he heard the prophet speak, he believed him, and agreed to everything as true, and supposed it was for his advantage; but then his friends perverted him, and dissuaded him from what the prophet advised, and obliged him to do what they pleased. Ezekiel also foretold in Babylon what calamities were coming upon the people, which when he heard, he sent accounts of them unto Jerusalem. But Zedekiah did not believe their prophecies, for the reason following: It happened that the two prophets agreed with one another in what they said as in all other things, that the city should be taken, and Zedekiah himself should be taken captive; but Ezekiel disagreed with him, and said that Zedekiah should not see Babylon, while Jeremiah said to him, that the king of Babylon should carry him away thither in bonds. Now when Zedekiah had preserved the league of mutual assistance he had made with the Babylonians for eight years, he brake it, and revolted to the Egyptians, in hopes, by their assistance, of overcoming the Babylonians. When the king of Babylon knew this, he made war against him: he laid his country waste, and took his fortified towns, and came to the city Jerusalem itself to besiege it. But when the king of Egypt heard what circumstances Zedekiah his ally was in, he took a great army with him, and came into Judea, as if he would raise the siege; upon which the king of Babylon departed from Jerusalem, and met the Egyptians, and joined battle with them, and beat them; and when he had put them to flight, he pursued them, and drove them out of all Syria. Now as soon as the king of Babylon was departed from Jerusalem, the false prophets deceived Zedekiah, and said that the king of Babylon would not any more make war against him or his people, nor remove them out of their own country into Babylon; and that those then in captivity would return, with all those vessels of the temple of which the king of Babylon had despoiled that temple. But Jeremiah came among them, and prophesied what contradicted those predictions, and what proved to be true, that they did ill, and deluded the king; that the Egyptians would be of no advantage to them, but that the king of Babylon would renew the war against Jerusalem, and besiege it again, and would destroy the people by famine, and carry away those that remained into captivity, and would take away what they had as spoils, and would carry off those riches that were in the temple; nay, that, besides this, he would burn it, and utterly overthrow the city, and that they should serve him and his posterity seventy years; that then the Persians and the Medes should put an end to their servitude, and overthrow the Babylonians; "and that we shall be dismissed, and return to this land, and rebuild the temple, and restore Jerusalem." When Jeremiah said this, the greater part believed him; but the rulers, and those that were wicked, despised him, as one disordered in his senses. Now he had resolved to go elsewhere, to his own country, which was called Anathoth, and was twenty furlongs distant from Jerusalem; and as he was going, one of the rulers met him, and seized upon him, and accused him falsely, as though he were going as a deserter to the Babylonians; but Jeremiah said that he accused him falsely, and added, that he was only going to his own country; but the other would not believe him, but seized upon him, and led him away to the rulers, and laid an accusation against him, under whom he endured all sorts of torments and tortures, and was reserved to be punished; and this was the condition he was in for some time, while he suffered what I have already described unjustly.”. This Chapter is a sad chapter as; thought it is the last Chapter of this Book of the Kings, it is also the fall of the House of Israel, that once great, mighty and all-powerful Nation. The House of Israel will never again while, we are in this Flesh Age, be a Nation, it won't come back together until our Lord and Saviour Jesus Returns for His Second Advent and the 2 sticks of Ezekiel 37 is fulfilled.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: “Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen.”
II Kings 25:1-30 THE KINGDOM
25:1-21 Nebuchadnezzar and
25:1-21 NEBUCHADNEZZAR AND
ZEDEKIAH. (Extended Alternation.)
25:1 Date. Ninth of Zedekiah
25:1 City besieged.
II Kings 25:1 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar (may nebo protect the crown) (neb-oo-kad-tsore) king of Babylon (confusion) (baw-bel’) came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace), and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about. —> This begins the third besiegement of Jerusalem. This besiegement, as we see, began during Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo's 9th year, on the 10th day of the 10th month of the year and will it will last for 18 months. The only reason it'll take 18 months is because at this time the walls surrounding Jerusalem are still pretty solid and fortified; but, Nebuchadnezzar is going to build his own forts and probably towers as tall as the city's wall as well in order that his men could see to the at least level of the wall and probably down inside the walls so that they could know what was happening inside the city, then they slowly start to starve the inhabitants of the city by cutting off any incoming supplies.
Father had revealed this to His Prophet Yekh-ez-kale' (Ezekiel) and He told him to prophesy concerning this besiegement, we can read of it in Ezekiel 24, it is also prophesy of Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo Jeremiah 39-44.
It will also be about this time that Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo commits another gross error, he is going to put his trust somewhere where he ought not to put it. Instead of straightening his life out and putting out all the evil ungodly practices and seeking Father to assist him; he instead, is going to turn to the Egyptians and try and lean on them for support against Nebuchadnezzar and his army. Think that will do him any good brethren?
Nebuchadnezzar=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5019, - נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר, נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר, or נְבוּכַדְרֶא ַצּוֹר, - nebûkadne'tstsar , nebûkadre'tstsar, or nebûkadre'tsôr, pronounced - neb-oo-kad-nets-tsar', neb-oo-kad-rets-tsar', or neb-oo-kad-tsore, and means: Of foreign derivation; Nebukadnetstsar (or retstsar, or retstsor), king of Babylon: - Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadrezzar. Total KJV occurrences: 60., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is too long to post here; so, I’ll just post the link to it instead: Nebuchadnezzar.
Babylon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H894, - בּבל, - bâbel, pronounced - baw-bel', and means: From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire: - Babel, Babylon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Is properly the capital city of the country which is called in Genesis Shinar, and in the later books Chaldea, or the land of the Chaldeans. The first rise of the Chaldean power was in the region close upon the Persian Gulf; thence the nation spread northward up the course of the rivers, and the seat of government moved in the same direction, being finally fixed at Babylon, perhaps not earlier than B.C, 1700. (I). Topography of Babylon—Ancient description of the city. — All the ancient writers appear to agree in the fact of a district of vast size, more or less inhabited having been enclosed within lofty walls and included under the name of Babylon. With respect to the exact extent of the circuit they differ. The estimate of Herodotus and of Pliny Isaiah 480stades (60 Roman miles, 53 of our miles) of Strabo 385, of Q. Curtius 368, of Clitarchus 365 and of Ctesias 360 stades (40 miles). (George Smith, in his "Assyrian Discoveries," differs entirely from all these estimates, making the circuit of the city but eight miles.) Perhaps Herodotus spoke of the outer wall, which could be traced in his time. Taking the lowest estimate of the extent of the circuit, we shall have for the space within the rampart an area of above 100 square miles--nearly five times the size of London! It is evident that this vast space cannot have been entirely covered with houses. The city was situated on both sides of the river Euphrates, and the two parts were connected together by a stone bridge five stades (above 1000 yards) long and 30 feet broad. At either extremity of the bridge was a royal palace, that in the eastern city being the more magnificent of the two. The two palaces were joined not only by the bridge, but by a tunnel under the river. The houses, which were frequently three or four stories high, were laid out in straight streets crossing each other at right angles. (II). Present state of the ruins. — A portion of the ruins is occupied by the modern town of Hillah . About five miles above Hillah, on the opposite or left bank of the Euphrates occurs a series of artificial mounds of enormous size. They consist chiefly of three great masses of building, — the high pile of unbaked brickwork which is known to the Arabs as Babel, 600 feet square and 140 feet high; the building denominated the Kasr or palace, nearly 2000 feet square and 70 feet high, and a lofty mound upon which stands the modern tomb of Amram-ibn-'Alb . Scattered over the country on both sides of the Euphrates are a number of remarkable mounds, usually standing single, which are plainly of the same date with the great mass of ruins upon the river bank. Of these by far the most striking is the vast ruin called the Birs-Nimrud , which many regard as the tower of Babel, situated about six miles to the southwest of Hillah. [BABEL, TOWER OF] (III). Identification of sites. — The great mound of Babel is probably the ancient temple of Beaus. The mound of the Kasr marks the site of the great palace of Nebuchadnezzar. The mound of Amram is thought to represent the "hanging gardens" of Nebuchadnezzar; but most probably it represents the ancient palace, coeval with Babylon itself, of which Nebuchadnezzar speaks in his inscriptions as adjoining his own more magnificent residence. (IV). History of Babylon. — Scripture represents the "beginning of the kingdom" as belonging to the time of Nimrod Genesis 10:6-10. The early annals of Babylon are filled by Berosus, the native historian, with three dynasties: one of 49 Chaldean kings, who reigned 458 years; another of 9 Arab kings, who reigned 245 years; and a third of 49 Assyrian monarchs, who held dominion for 526 years. The line of Babylonian kings becomes exactly known to us from B.C. 747. The "Canon of Ptolemy" gives us the succession of Babylonian monarchs from B.C. 747 to B.C. 331, when the last Persian king was dethroned by Alexander. On the fall of Nineveh, B.C. 625, Babylon became not only an independent kingdom, but an empire. The city was taken by surprise B.C. 539, as Jeremiah had prophesied Jeremiah 51:31, by Cyrus, under Darius, Daniel 5, as intimated 170 years earlier by Isaiah Isaiah 21:1-9, and, as Jeremiah had also foreshown Jeremiah 51:39, during a festival. With the conquest of Cyrus commenced the decay of Babylon, which has since been a quarry from which all the tribes in the vicinity have derived the bricks with which they have built their cities. The "great city" has thus emphatically "become heaps" Jeremiah 51:37. Ba'bel, Tower of. The "tower of Babel" is only mentioned once in Scripture Genesis 11:4,5, and then as incomplete. It was built of bricks, and the "slime" used for mortar was probably bitumen. Such authorities as we possess represent the building as destroyed soon after its erection. When the Jews, however, were carried captive into Babylonia, they thought they recognized it in the famous temple of Beaus, the modern Birs Nimrod . But the Birs-Nimrrud though it cannot be the tower of Babel itself; may well be taken to show the probable shape and character of the edifice. This building appears to have been a sort of oblique pyramid built in seven receding stages, each successive one being nearer to the southwestern end which constituted the back of the building. The first, second and third stories were each 26 feet high the remaining four being 15 feet high. On the seventh stage there was probably placed the ark or tabernacle, which seems to have been again 15 feet high, and must have nearly, if not entirely, covered the top of the seventh story The entire original height, allowing three feet for the platform, would thus have been 156 feet, or, without the plat-form, 163 feet.“.
Jerusalem=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3389, - ירוּשׁלם , or ירוּשׁלים , - Yerûshâlaim, or Yerûshâlayim pronounced - Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im, or Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-yim , and means: A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine: - Jerusalem.. The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.
25:2 City besieged.
II Kings 25:2 And the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah (right of YAH; or, justice of YHVH) (tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo). —> Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo was inside the walled city unable to resupply himself; Nebuchadnezzar was outside the city walls and had every opportunity to resupply every one of his needs; therefore, he just waited until Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo and his people were starving, and then coming to him begging for something to eat.
Father's Word doesn't say at which point in this 18 month siege that the people inside the city walls ran out of food, so we don't know how long they didn't have anything to eat; but, I'm sure they were pretty starved when they caved.
Zedekiah= First from the Strong's Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6667, - צִדְקִיָּה, or צִדְקִיָּהוּ, - tsidqı̂yâh, or tsidqı̂yâhû, pronounced - tsid-kee-yaw', or tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H6664 and H3050; right of Jah; Tsidkijah, the name of six Israelites: - Zedekiah, Zidkijah. Total KJV occurrences: 62., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The last king of Judah and Jerusalem. He was the son of Josiah by his wife Hamutal, and therefore own brother to Jehoahaz II Kings 24:18, compare with II Kings 23:31. His original name was Mattaniah, which was changed to Zedekiah by Nebuchadnezzar when he carried off his nephew Jehoiachim to Babylon and left him on the throne of Jerusalem. Zedekiah was but twenty-one years old when he was thus placed in charge of an impoverished kingdom, B.C. 597. His history is contained in a short sketch .of the events of his reign given in II Kings 24:17; II Kings 25:7 and, with some trifling variations in Jeremiah 39:1-7’ 52:1-11 together with the still shorter summary in I Chronicles 38:10 etc.; and also in Jeremiah 22, 24, 27-29, 32, 34, 37-38 and Ezekiel 16-21. From these it is evident that Zedekiah was a man not so much bad at heart as weak in will. It is evident from Jeremiah 27, 28 that the earlier portion of Zedekiah's reign was marked by an agitation throughout the whole of Syria against the Babylonian yoke. Jerusalem seems to have taken the lead, since in the fourth year of Zedekiah's reign we find ambassadors from all the neighboring kingdoms — Tyre, Sidon, Edom and Moab — at his court to consult as to the steps to be taken. The first act of rebellion of which any record survives was the formation of an alliance with Egypt, of itself equivalent to a declaration of enmity with Babylon. As a natural consequence it brought on Jerusalem an immediate invasion of the Chaldaeans. The mention of this event in the Bible though indisputable, is extremely slight, and occurs only in Jeremiah 37:5-11; 34:21 and Ezekiel 17:15-20. But Josephus (x.7,3) relates it more fully, and gives the date of its occurrence, namely, the eighth year of Zedekiah. Nebuchadnezzar at once sent an army to ravage Judea. This was done, and the whole country reduced, except Jerusalem and two strong places in the western plain, Lachish and Azekah, which still held out Jeremiah 34:7. Called away for a time by an attack from Pharaoh and the Egyptians, on the tenth day of the tenth month of Zedekiah's ninth year the Chaldeans were again before the walls Jeremiah 52:4. From this time forward the siege progressed slowly but surely to its consummation, The city was indeed reduced to the last extremity. The bread had for long been consumed Jeremiah 38:9, and all the terrible expedients had been tried to which the wretched inhabitants of a besieged town are forced to resort in such cases. At last, after sixteen dreadful months the catastrophe arrived. It was on the ninth day of the fourth month, about the middle of July at midnight, as Josephus with careful minuteness informs us, that the breach in those strong and venerable walls was effected. The moon, nine days old, had gone down. The wretched remnants of the army acquitted the city in the dead of night; and as the Chaldaean army entered the city at one end, the king and his wives fled from it by the opposite gate. They took the road toward the Jordan. As soon as the dawn of day permitted it, swift pursuit was made. The king's party were overtaken near Jericho and carried to Nebuchadnezzar, who was then at Riblah, at the upper end of the valley of Lebanon. Nebuchadnezzar, with a refinement of barbarity characteristic of those cruel times ordered the sons of Zedekiah to be killed before him, and lastly his own eyes to be thrust out. He was then loaded with brazen fetters, and at a later period taken to Babylon, where he died.”.
II Kings 25:3 And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the People of the land. —> The fourth month=This is also noted in Jeremiah 52:6 where we also read—as we will also read in our next verse here in II Kings 25—that many of Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo's military men fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) and they went by the way of the plain; but, as for Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo who also fled, he was pursued by the Chaldeans who overtook him in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.
Famine=This is the 9th of the 13 recorded famines in Father's Word, we find the others recorded in: Genesis 12:10; 26:1; 41:54; Ruth 1:1; II Samuel 21:1; I Kings 18:2; II Kings 4:38; 7:4; here in 25:3; Nehemiah 5:3; Jeremiah 14:1; Luke 15:15; and lastly Acts 11:28. This famine is also described in the Lamentations of Jeremiah.
25:4 City broken up.
II Kings 25:4 And the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between two walls, which is by the king's garden: (now the Chaldees (chaldeans) were against the city round about:) and the king went the way toward the plain. —> This famine was so bad that every military man in Judah planned to try and escape anyway they could, and that was by going out by way of the gate between 2 walls near the king's garden; heck, even Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo went out with them. Many of the military men were able to get away as; the Chaldeans,—don't be thrown by this name change brethren as, it is just another name for the Babylonians—were mainly concerned with capturing Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo, in which endeavor they were successful, capturing him near the plain of Jericho.
Broken up=In other words, the city walls had finally been breached. Before this an Egyptian force approached and the Babylonians had retired as we can read in Jeremiah 37:5-11; though, the relief was only temporary, as prophesied.
Chaldees=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3778, - כַּשְׂדִּי, or כַּשְׂדִּימָה, - kaśdı̂y, or kaśdı̂ymâh, pronounced - kas-dee', or kas-dee'-maw, and means: (Occasionally shown as the second form with enclitic; meaning towards the Kasdites); patronymic from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite, or descendant of Kesed; by implication a Chaldaean (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people): - into Chaldea), patronymicallyn. from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite; or descendant of Kesed; by implication a Chaldan (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people): - Chaldeans, Chaldees, inhabitants of Chaldea. Total KJV occurrences: 81., I don’t buy what was written in the Strong’s Concordance as far as whom the Chaldeans were descended from, I lean more to what; or, who is written of in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary; so, let’s now read it from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “It appears that the Chaldeans (Kaldai or Kaldi ) were in the earliest times merely one out of many Cushite tribes inhabiting the great alluvial plain known afterwards as Chaldea or Babylonia. Their special seat was probably that southern portion of the country which is found to have so late retained the name of Chaldea. In process of time, as the Kaldi grew in power, their name gradually prevailed over those of the other tribes inhabiting the country; and by the era of the Jewish captivity it had begun to be used generally for all the inhabitants of Babylonia. It appears that while, both in Assyria and in later Babylonia, the Shemitic type of speech prevailed for civil purposes, the ancient Cushite dialect was retained, as a learned language for scientific and religious literature. This is no doubt the "learning" and the "tongue" to which reference it made in the book of Daniel, (Daniel 1:4) The Chaldeans were really the learned class; they were priests, magicians or astronomers, and in the last of the three capacities they probably effected discoveries of great importance. In later times they seem to have degenerated into mere fortune-tellers.”.
25:5-7 Executions at Riblah.
II Kings 25:5 And the army of the Chaldees pursued after the king, and overtook him in the plains of Jericho (fragrant; or, place of fragrance) (Yer-ee-kho'): and all his army were scattered from him. —> The scared rat who seemed so sure of himself that he mounted a rebellion against Father and His servant Nebuchadnezzar, now was caught, and his military scattered. Now it's time to take him back to Father's servant Nebuchadnezzar in order to find out what he has in store for Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo and his rebelliousness.
Jericho=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3405, - יריחו, ירחו, or יריחה, - Yerı̂ychô, Yerêchô, or Yerı̂ychôh, pronounced - Yer-ee-kho', Yer-ay-kho' or Yer-ee-kho' and means: Perhaps from H3394; its month; or else from H7306; fragrant; Jericho or Jerecho, a place in Palestine: - Jericho., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city of high antiquity, situated in a plain traversed by the Jordan, and exactly over against where that river was crossed by the Israelites under Joshua Joshua 3:16. It was five miles west of the Jordan and seven miles northwest of the Dead Sea. It had a king. Its walls were so considerable that houses were built upon them Joshua 2:15. The spoil that was found in it betokened its affluence. Jericho is first mentioned as the city to which the two spies were sent by Joshua from Shittim Joshua 2:1-21. It was bestowed by him upon the tribe of Benjamin Joshua 18:21, and from this time a long interval elapses before Jericho appears again upon the scene. Its second foundation under Hiel the Bethelite is recorded in I Kings 16:334. Once rebuilt, Jericho rose again slowly into consequence. In its immediate vicinity the sons of the prophets sought retirement from the world; Elisha "healed the spring of the waters;" and over against it, beyond Jordan, Elijah "went up by a whirlwind into heaven" II Kings 2:1-22. In its plains Zedekiah fell into the hands of the Chaldeans II Kings 25:5; Jeremiah 39:5. In the return under Zerubbabel the "children of Jericho," 345 in number, are comprised Ezra 2:34; Nehemiah 7:36. Under Herod the Great it again became an important place. He fortified it and built a number of new palaces, which he named after his friends. If he did not make Jericho his habitual residence, he at last retired thither to die, and it was in the amphitheater of Jericho that the news of his death was announced to the assembled soldiers and people by Salome. Soon afterward the palace was burnt and the town plundered by one Simon, slave to Herod; but Archelaus rebuilt the former sumptuously, and founded a new town on the plain, that bore his own name; and, most important of all, diverted water from a village called Neaera to irrigate the plain which he had planted with palms. Thus Jericho was once more "a city of palms" when our Lord visited it. Here he restored sight to the blind Matthew 20:30; Mark 10:46; Luke 18:35. Here the descendant of Rahab did not disdain the hospitality of Zaccaeus the publican. Finally, between Jerusalem and Jericho was laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan. The city was destroyed by Vespasian. The site of ancient (the first) Jericho is placed by Dr. Robinson in the immediate neighborhood of the fountain of Elisha; and that of the second (the city of the New Testament and of Josephus) at the opening of the Wady Kelt (Cherith), half an hour from the fountain. (The village identified with jericho lies a mile and a half from the ancient site, and is called Riha . It contains probably 200 inhabitants, indolent and licentious and about 40 houses. Dr. Olin says it is the "meanest and foulest village of Palestine;" yet the soil of the plain is of unsurpassed fertility. --ED.)”.
II Kings 25:6 So they took the king, and brought him up to the king of Babylon to Riblah (to be fruitful, fertile; or, fertility) (rib-kaw’); and they gave judgment upon him. —> After capturing Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo, Nebuchadnezzar's men brought him up to Riblah where Nebuchadnezzar was, and then once there, Nebuchadnezzar judged him for his rebellion. What is his judgment going to be?
Riblah=As a side note, Riblah had become the center from whence roads branched to the Euphrates and Nineveh, or by Palmyra to Babylon. The southern roads led to Palestine, Lebanon, and Egypt. Riblah still to this day bears this name.
Riblah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7247, - רִבְלָה, - riblâh, pronounced - rib-law', and means: From an unused root meaning to be fruitful; fertile; Riblah, a place in Syria: - Riblah. Total KJV occurrences: 11., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the landmarks on the eastern boundary of the land of Israel, as specified by Moses Numbers 34:11. It seems hardly possible, without entirely disarranging the specification or the boundary, that the Riblah in question can be the same with the following: — Riblah in the land of Hamath, a place on the great road between Palestine and Babylonia, at which the kings of Babylonia were accustomed to remain while directing the operations of their armies in Palestine and Phoenicia. Here Nebuchadnezzer waited while the sieges of Jerusalem and of Tyre were being conducted by his lieutenants Jeremiah 39:5,6; 62:9,10,26,27; II Kings 25:6,20,21. In like manner Pharaoh-necho after his victory over the Babylonians at Carchemish, returned to Riblah and summoned Jehoahaz from Jerusalem before him II Kings 23:33. This Riblah still retains its ancient name, on the right (east) bank of the el-Asy (Orontes) upon the great road which connects Baalbek and Hums , about 36 miles northeast of the former end 20 miles southwest of the latter place.”.
25:7 Carrying away of Zedekiah.
II Kings 25:7 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to Babylon. —> Remember, Nebuchadnezzar had already carried away most everybody of importance from Jerusalem, that included Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo's children, and now that Nebuchadnezzar has Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo there with him, he made Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo stand there, defenseless to do anything, as he had his men murder his sons. Once they were dead, they then gouged out Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo's eyes, put him in bonds, and then sent him to Babylon. That scene of his son's being slaughtered played over and over in his mind as they carried him to Babylon. Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo saw his sons slaughtered; but, he never saw babylon though he was there to die. This is the last of the royal seed which would be put to death.
25:8 Date. Nineth of
II Kings 25:8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzar-adan (chief whom Nebo favors) (neb-oo-zar-ad-awn'), captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem: —> The year is now 477 B.C. and Nebuchadnezzar sends his Captain Nebuzar-adan back to Jerusalem to begin the dismantling anything of value, and then the destruction of the city.
Nebuzar-adan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5018, - נְבוּזַרְאֲדָן, - nebûzar'ădân, pronounced - neb-oo-zar-ad-awn', and means: Of foreign origin; Nebuzaradan, a Babylonian general: - Nebuzaradan. Total KJV occurrences: 15., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The Rab-tabbachim i.e. chief of the slaughterers (Authorized Version "captain of the guard"), a high officer in the court of Nebuchadnezzar. On the capture of Jerusalem he was left by Nebuchadnezzar in charge of the city. Compare with Jeremiah 39:11. He seems to have quitted Judea when he took down the chief people of Jerusalem to his master at Riblah II Kings 25:18-20. In four years he again appeared Jeremiah 52:30. Nebuchadnezzar in his twenty-third year made a descent on the regions east of Jordan, including the Ammonites and Moabites, who escaped when Jerusalem was destroyed. Thence he proceeded to Egypt, and, either on the way thither or on the return, Nebuzaradan again passed through the country and carried off more captives Jeremiah 52:30.”.
25:9 Temple burned.
II Kings 25:9 And he burnt the house of the LORD, and the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great man's house burnt he with fire. —> With the thought in mind that, everything of value—all the beautiful ornamental works which Solomon had had crafted, the beautiful cherubims which were covered with gold plating, the gold plated wall covering, the brazen sea, spoons, pots, shovels, snuffers, any and everything made of Brass, Gold or silver etc.—had all been removed and taken back to the temple of the Babylonian gods in Shinar, there was now nothing left of value, and the walls and structure of the temple, the palace and all the other wealthy homes were burned and completely destroyed. All of the glory of Jerusalem of David and Solomon's days was now gone, and the city was nothing but smoldering ashes, with the walls broken down and lying in ruins.
25:10 City wall broken down.
II Kings 25:10 And all the army of the Chaldees, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about. —> Father used this heathen to completely destroy His once beautiful city, the place where He put His name and said that, so long as His People be Hearers and Doers, Honor, Serve and Worship Him, they and their lands would never fail; but, time and again, they turned their backs on Him, and now, He has removed them from the Land Promised them and has even had His land, which He had taken to wife, destroyed.
25:11 City. Inhabitants. Flight.
II Kings 25:11 Now the rest of the People that were left in the city, and the fugitives that fell away to the king of Babylon, with the remnant of the multitude, did Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard carry away. —> Again, this is just restating what had already taken place as; there had already been the carrying away of anybody of importance prior to this as evidenced by Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo's sons already being in Riblah when Nebuchadnezzar's men hauled Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo there.
25:12 City. Inhabitants. Flight.
II Kings 25:12 But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen. —> The only people left in the land were those who posed no threat and could work the land, not for themselves; but, for supplying Nebuchadnezzar with grapes and the wine made from them, and with fruits and vegetables.
25:13-17 Temple spoiled.
II Kings 25:13 And the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, did the Chaldees break in pieces, and carried the brass of them to Babylon. —> Now we'll read of the chronicling and detailing of everything which the Babylonians carried away. Even though this happened several thousand years ago, it's still heart-wrenching reading these next few verses and of all which was destroyed and carried away to the heathen.
Did the Chaldees break=They weren't broken because they were used in Service to Worship Father, they had broken them because it made it easier to carry as they hauled them off to Babylon.
II Kings 25:14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away. —> With all the fine things in Father's Temple, the king's residences and throughout the city, and even with as many men as Nebuchadnezzar had, it still took many trips to haul everything away. In their first trip back to Babylon, they took the gold and the silver, then they took the things which were plated with the gold and silver. Then they came and took the brass and lesser items, and here on the third trip they took the wash bases, or what we would today call, toilet stools, and even the snuffers to put out the fires. There was nothing of value left behind for the poor.
II Kings 25:15 And the firepans, and the bowls, and such things as were of gold, in gold, and of silver, in silver, the captain of the guard took away. —> Father's Prophet Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo records in his writings in Jeremiah 52:20 that, “the brass of all these vessels was without weight,” meaning that the total weight of these items was so heavy, that they could not be measured.
II Kings 25:16 The two pillars, one sea, and the bases which Solomon (peaceful; or, peaceful) (shel-o-mo’) had made for the house of the LORD; the brass of all these vessels was without weight. —> Do you remember reading of these Pillars brethren? Solomon had had Hiram fashion them back in I Kings 7, and he named them Jachin and Boaz, the right pillar, he called Jachin (yaw-keen') (He [YHVH] will; or, He [YHVH] will establish): and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz (Bo'-az) (in Him [YHVH] is strength). Let’s go back to I Kings 7:15-22 and read about them: I Kings 7:15 For he cast two pillars of brass, of eighteen cubits high apiece: and a line of twelve cubits did compass either of them about. —> These pillars were identical and they were between 27-36 feet tall each, and each one was also between 18-24 inches diameter. We can further read of it in the Book of Jeremiah that these pillars were hollow: Jeremiah 52:20 The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight. [52:21] And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow. —> Fillet= This word in the Hebrew is “khoot” and means a measuring tape. Notice that these two pillars were hollow inside, but the diameter of their walls was 4 fingers thick. [52:22] And a chapiter of brass was upon it; and the height of one chapiter was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass. The second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these. [52:23] And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about.. Eighteen=In biblical numerics denotes bondage. Bondage doesn't always mean a negative thing; remember we can also be in bondage to Father which is a good thing. [7:16] And he made two chapiters of molten brass, to set upon the tops of the pillars: the height of the one chapiter was five cubits, and the height of the other chapiter was five cubits: —> These “chapiters” were the decorative crowns which sat atop the pillars. Each one was between 7 1/2 to 10 feet tall. So, if we combine the height of the pillar with the height of the chapiter—five cubits—the total height was 23 cubits, or between 35 1/2-46 feet high, or tall. Five=Five denotes the Grace, or unmerited favor of our Father. [7:17] And nets of checker work, and wreaths of chain work, for the chapiters which were upon the top of the pillars; seven for the one chapiter, and seven for the other chapiter. —> These “nets” were decorative lattice work, whereas the “wreaths” were twisted together much the way today we would twist fiber together in order to make a line, or rope. Seven=Seven denotes Spiritual perfection or completeness. [7:18] And he made the pillars, and two rows round about upon the one network, to cover the chapiters that were upon the top, with pomegranates: and so did he for the other chapiter. —> Pomegranates=Why pomegranates? Because a pomegranate is like many fruits, a multi seeded fruit, and seeds are symbolic of life and also produce more fruit. This is our commission brethren, planting seeds to our brothers and sisters, till the ground, as Father tells us in Genesis 2. [7:19] And the chapiters that were upon the top of the pillars were of lily work in the porch, four cubits. —> In other words, Hiram made decorative works of lily flowers for the crowns. Solomon, in writing of the Song of Solomon—the greatest love story ever told—tells us in Song of Solomon 2:1 I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys. —> Of course, this is in reference to our Lord Jesus Christ as He IS the Lily of the valley. Four=Four denotes earth. [7:20] And the chapiters upon the two pillars had pomegranates also above, over against the belly which was by the network: and the pomegranates were two hundred in rows round about upon the other chapiter. —> Decorative pomegranate trees decorated the crowns, 200 of them on each pillar. [7:21] And he set up the pillars in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof Jachin: and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz both these names represent His Father’s People Israel. —> After finishing the pillars, Hiram set them in their place and then named them. With their names which mean “He shall establish” and “in Him is strength,” thus if we brought the meaning of the names together we can see the reference to His People Israel whom He will establish and give strength too. [7:22] And upon the top of the pillars was lily work: so was the work of the pillars finished. —> The two pillars are now finished. How about you brethren, are you finished? What I mean by that is this: We know that in the Book of Revelation, in Revelation 2 and 3 that there are only 2 churches that Jesus Christ found no fault with. In Revelation 3 we read that one of these two churches is the church of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, like its sister church Smyrna taught who those were who “claimed they were Jews, and are not, but do lie and are of the synagogue of satan.” Because of their faithfulness in holding fast to the truth and teaching the same, we read in Revelation 3 that Jesus will make them pillars in Father's Temple, lets read it: Revelation 3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of My God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from My God: and I will write upon him My new name..
Solomon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8010, - שׁלמה, - shelômôh, pronounced - shel-o-mo', and means: From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David’s successor: - Solomon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Solomon in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Solomon.
II Kings 25:17 The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and the chapiter upon it was brass: and the height of the chapiter three cubits; and the wreathen work, and pomegranates upon the chapiter round about, all of brass: and like unto these had the second pillar with wreathen work. —> This is just a further continuation of the description of the Pillars Jachin and Boaz.
25:18-21 Executions at Riblah.
II Kings 25:18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah (Jah has prevailed) (ser-aw-yaw'-hoo) the chief priest, and Zephaniah (Jah has secreted; or, hidden by YHVH) (tsef-an-yaw'-hoo) the second priest, and the three keepers of the door: —> Seraiah is the High Priest at this time; the was no provision in Father's Law for this “second priest,” so we can think of him as the High Priest's assistant, and the three “keeps of the door,” they were actually porters; or, you could think of them as security for the High Priest.
Seraiah=As is pointed out in I Chronicles 6:13 and Ezra 7:1, this Seraiah is either the grandfather or great grandfather of Ezra.
Seraiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8304, - שְׂרָיָה, or שְׂרָיָהוּ, - śerâyâh, or śerâyâhû, pronounced - ser-aw-yaw', or ser-aw-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H8280 and H3050; Jah has prevailed; Serajah, the name of nine Israelites: - Seraiah. Total KJV occurrences: 20., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The high priest in the reign of Zedekiah II Kings 25:18; I Chronicles 6:14; Jeremiah 52:24.”.
Zephaniah= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6846, - צְפַנְיָה, or צְפַנְיָהוּ, - tsephanyâh, or tsephanyâhû, pronounced - tsef-an-yaw', or tsef-an-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H6845 and H3050; Jah has secreted; Tsephanjah, the name of four Israelites: - Zephaniah. Total KJV occurrences: 10., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The son of Maaseiah Jeremiah 21:1, and sagan or second priest in the reign of Zedekiah. He succeeded Jehoiada Jeremiah 29:25,26, and was probably a ruler of the temple, whose office it was, among others, to punish pretenders to the gift of prophecy Jeremiah 29:29. On the capture of Jerusalem he was taken and slain at Riblah Jeremiah 52:24, 27; II Kings 25:18,21.”.
II Kings 25:19 And out of the city he took an officer that was set over the men of war, and five men of them that were in the king's presence, which were found in the city, and the principal scribe of the host, which mustered the people of the land, and threescore men of the people of the land that were found in the city: —> We know that when Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo was captured, his military men had scattered to the four corners of the globe, so to speak, we also know that all the best and brightest, the officers and servants and such had already been taken away to Babylon; so, either some of these were the military who had returned when they thought the “coast was clear;” or, they are the “best” of what is left of the poor who were left behind.
II Kings 25:20 And Nebuzar-adan captain of the guard took these, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah: —> In either case, Nebuzar-adan rounded them up and is taking them to Nebuchadnezzar, their fate is neither pleasant nor long for this Age as; as we'll read in the next verse, Nebuchadnezzar is going to have them killed.
25:21 Carrying away of Judah.
II Kings 25:21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath (walled; or, fortress)(kham-awth'). So Judah (celebrated; or, praised, celebrated) (yeh-hoo-daw') was carried away out of their land. —> Judah was carried away=Thus ended the Kingdom, they rejected Father and all He stood for, His Commandments, His Judgments, His Laws, His Ordinances and His Statutes; therefore, He now has rejected His People. This fulfills Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo's prophesy written of in Jeremiah 20:4: Jeremiah 20:4 For thus saith the LORD, ‘Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold it: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword. [20:5] Moreover I will deliver all the strength of this city, and all the labours thereof, and all the precious things thereof, and all the treasures of the kings of Judah will I give into the hand of their enemies, which shall spoil them, and take them, and carry them to Babylon. [20:6] And thou, Pashur, and all that dwell in thine house shall go into captivity: and thou shalt come to Babylon, and there thou shalt die, and shalt be buried there, thou, and all thy friends, to whom thou hast prophesied lies.’ ”.
So, now both the House of Israel and the House of Judah have been removed from off their land and carried away to foreign lands. This group of people who were killed at Riblah were those who ran from the Babylonians prior battle, in other words, they were the cowards and misfits, and they have now been done away with. Remember that all through these three sieges, Yir-meh-yaw’-hoo, Yesh-ah-yaw’-hoo, Tsef-an-yaw’-hoo (Zephaniah) and many other of Father’s Prophets were telling the people of Judah that Father was sending them into captivity because of their sins. That captivity would only be for a seventy year period, and then He would set them free again, exactly as He had done with their and our forefathers when He sent them into captivity to the Egyptians thousands of years earlier. We can read of Father’s Prophesying concerning this 70 year captivity through His Prophet Yir-meh-yaw’-hoo in Jeremiah 25: Jeremiah 25:11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. [25:12] And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations. —> Yes, many of those who will be taken into captivity will not return as; they’ll be dead and gone; however, their children will be able to return to rebuild Father’s Temple and the walls and streets of Jerusalem. [25:13] And I will bring upon that land all My words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations. —> You would think that, as a Christian, it would be very important to read and understand all of those prophesies written of in the Book of Jeremiah because they even deal with those of us who living today. The king of Babylon was not mistreating Daniel and the royal seed; but, those who had sought to go against Father's Word and Prophecies, and they were the ones who were destroyed at that time. Those princes, officers and the like who went into captivity willingly, were going to college and they were also enjoying the better things of the land. Brethren that is Father's way; for if and when you do things His way; —or, even if you go counter to Him, when He chastises you, grin and take the correction,—and all will be well with you. As a type during the end of this Age, the king of Babylon, also known as either the pretend-to-be-jesus, or the antichrist is coming; the entire world is going to go into captivity to satan’s one world system because Father has said in His Word that we would. His and our adversary, satan in the role he plays as the instead-of-jesus, the spurious messiah will rule this entire earth, and it will happen. Satan will actually appear to be Jesus Christ, or whatever messiah your religion happens to believe, and sadly, many will run to him thinking he is the Messiah; however, he will be the fake christ. Why? Because they have not been taught the Truth in Father’s Word. They had been led astray by their religion. There are many today who see that things are not right, that our nation is being washed away in the sea of would humanity. Their first instinct is to fight the system and try to prevent it from happening; however, Father said that it is all part of His plan to test those living here on earth in the flesh. Many are looking for an easy way out and thus they have disregarded the prophecies of the Old Testament, and tell themselves that the Book of Revelation is not for them, or that, it is too hard to understand, and thus, they reject it. They then turn to the doctrines of men, such as the “rapture doctrine,” which is supposed to be an escape hatch which will spring them from this time under the king of Babylon of the end times. However, in their ignorance, and through their belief in this supposed fly-away doctrine, they will run to satan, and be taken by him. However, during that hour—the five month period—of satan's reign on earth, Father's Elect will shine and do very well for, we will not be deceived by any of satan's deceit or tricks to win the people of this world over. That will be the hour, the time and the purpose for Father’s Elect on this earth; as we read in Mark 13, we will be called and delivered up to testify on behalf of our Lord Jesus Christ and to take a stand against satan. Mark 13:9 But take heed to yourselves: for they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be brought before rulers and kings for My sake, for a testimony against them. —> What is going to happen? Father's Elect will be delivered up to councils and satan's synagogues for His names sake. Fear not, for this is our purpose, to take this stand for Father as we'll see in the next two verses; also, Father will take care of us, go back and read Daniel 3 (Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-Nego). Are they going to physically beat us? No. But they will “ browbeat” us because of the testimony we speak. Again, fear not, for Father will protect us. Do you know that if Father has given you the truth in His word (opened your spiritual eyes and ears), and you speak that truth, you then teach against the majority of what the churches teach today. And for this they will deliver you up to their councils, so that they can grill you, over what you teach. They (the churches and councils of today) teach what has been taught and passed down from the time before the captivity of Israel by the Babylonians. When they came out of that captivity, as Ezra and Nehemiah were taking a census of who was who, they found that the priesthood didn't even contain one true Levite because the priesthood had been completely taken over by the nethinims—those given to service—as can be read in Ezra 8:15. So therefore, the traditions of man based upon the law—as the pharisees and sadducees wanted it to be—was being taught by false teachers\preachers. Oh sure, after this census, Ezra and Nehemiah restored the priesthood to the Levites but (1) they were still teaching the traditions of man; and (2) how long do you think the true Levites stayed in control of the priesthood? Like before, they became lazy and again allowed nethinims to take over and that is who was in charge of the priesthood during Jesus' time. He identified them and pointed them out for who they were in John 8 and many other places. Don't forget also, this will be during the time of the tribulation and satan—in his role as “instead of christ,”—and his angels will be here and some—Father's Elect—will have to be delivered up before him and his councils, remember he is pretending to be Christ and what Father has given you presently that you speak now, satan, as Christ, will be telling you and all the world that you are lying because you'll be saying he is satan, not Christ, and he'll be saying look at me I am Christ. But again, as Jesus is telling us here in this and the next two verses, don't even think of what you'll reply, because Father will provide His answer through His Holy Spirit. Mark 13:10 And the gospel must first be published among all nations. —> Many churches and Christians think they have to have missionaries and go on missions because of this verse. But the reality is that The Gospel—Father's Word, His True Word—will be published when His elect are delivered up as these three verses here tell us about. What is Father's Holy Spirit going to be saying? Several things, one will be the True Gospel—exposing satan and his children (those who crucified Him) for who they truly are—which the two churches—Smyrna and Philadelphia (the only two with which Christ was/is pleased with)—in Revelation 2:9 and 3:9 were teaching. This is important because this is what the people must come to know and that is why it will be made public among all nations. Let's find out what they were teaching: Revelation 2:8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; ‘These things saith the First and the Last, Which was dead and is alive; [2:9] I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty (but thou art rich), and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are of the synagogue of Satan. —> Again, in Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; ‘These things saith He That is Holy, He That is True, He That hath the key of David, He That openeth, and no man shutteth, and shutteth, and no man openeth; [3:8] I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept My Word, and hast not denied My name. [3:9] Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, but do lie; behold, I will make them come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee. —> This key of David is important because it is what opens your mind to the truth in Father's Word and when that truth is opened and revealed by Jesus, no man will be able to seal it back up, it also exposes the mind to what really took place in the garden of Eden between satan and Eve. Satan (the tree of knowledge of good and evil and NOT a snake) wholly—mind and body—seduced Eve into laying with him in order to try and interrupt the seedline through which He, —Immanuel — God with us—Jesus, would come in the flesh. If satan could interrupt that seedline, he could have defeated Father YHVH. It was his offspring with Eve many years later which crucified Jesus not the Jews—Judah, Hebrews—as is still taught today. It was his offspring with Eve which took over the scribing of Father's Word to try and change it as can be read in I Chronicles 2:55, it was also his offspring which took over the priesthood while the Israelites were in captivity to the Babylonians and were found out in Ezra 8:15. The other thing that Father's Holy Spirit will be saying through His Elect and must be published among all nations is what comes in the next verse. Mark 13:11 But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand what ye shall speak, neither do ye premeditate: but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak ye: for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Spirit. —> Rejoice!!! Here our purpose is clearly defined. To make that stand—as we are delivered up as verse 3:9 tells us—against satan and his angels (and yes this will be published among all nations as verse 3:10 tells us) and allow Father's Holy Spirit to speak through us. What will the Holy Spirit of Father YHVH be speaking through our mouths? This can be read in Acts 2:6-8 and Joel 2. We'll begin with our example in Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. [2:2] And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting [2:3] And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. —> Notice our word “cloven tongues” in this verse, this is in the Strong’s Concordance, word Greek word number G1266, - διαμερίζω, - Diamerizo, pronounced - dee-am-er-id-zo, and means: From G1223 and G3307; to partition thoroughly (literally in distribution, figuratively in dissension): - cloven, divide, part., in other words through partitioning, it can, as we'll see in the next few verses, be understood by all within earshot. [2:4] And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. —> What happened here? Father YHVH's Holy Spirit entered into them and they began to speak that which Father wanted them to speak. What is tongues? In the Strong's Concordance, it is Greek word number G1100, - γλῶσσα, - Glossa, pronounced - gloce-sah, and means: Of uncertain affinity; the tongue; by implication a language (specifically one naturally unaccquired): - tongue., so, tongues is a language—English, French, Spanish, German etc.—which is spoken by a person who attains that language without ever having studied that language. The word “ utterance” here in this verse in the Strong's Concordance is Greek word number G669, - ἀρέσκεια, apophtheggomai, pronounced - ap-of-theng-om-ahee, and means: From G575 and G5350; to enunciate plainly, that is, declare: - say, speak forth, utterance., in other words, someone who is uttering in tongues is speaking plainly in a language that was naturally unacquired, not some unknown — only a language God and His angels speak. [2:5] And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, (these are those that are identified as such because of where they live and are not of the house [tribe] of Judah) devout men, out of every nation under heaven. [2:6] Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language. —> See, that wasn't hard? It was rather, self-explanatory. [2:7] And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, "Behold, are not all these which speak Galileans? [2:8] And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born? [2:9] Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and Judea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, [2:10] Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya, about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes. [2:11] Cretes, and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God. —> So, each of these of every nation heard the apostles speak in their own language even down to their own county and city in which they were born. It wasn't an unknown tongue and it wasn't babbling. What exactly were they speaking? Let's continue listening to Peter right in the Book and Chapter we're in Acts 2:16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel: [2:17] ‘ And it shall come to pass in the last days,' saith God, ‘ I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: —> When did Peter say this would come to pass? In the last days. Well, let me tell you, those days are upon us right now, we are in the final generation of this Flesh Age. [2:18] And on My servants and on My handmaidens I will pour out in those days of My Spirit: and they shall prophesy: [2:19] And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: —> Are you scared yet? You shouldn't be, unless you don't know Father [2:20] The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the LORD come: [2:21] And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be saved.’ —> So, just what was Joel meaning? Let's go to his Book and find out. Joel 2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: —> Come to pass after what? Joel was prophesying that in the final days, the last generation of this earth age, the alarm was to be sounded, the trumpet blown signifying the end was near and the Day of The LORD was nigh at hand. How would we know we are in those final days? Father set benchmarks, signs so that those of His would know. The sign that the final generation started was the establishing of Israel as a nation in 1948. How do we know that? First Jesus tells us in Matthew 24:32, Mark 13:28 and Luke 21:29 that we must learn the parable of the fig tree. What is the parable of the fig tree? That is the setting out of the two baskets of figs that can be read about in Jeremiah 24. Those baskets were set in 1948, signifying the start of the final generation. How long is a generation? Either 40, 70 or 120 years, but in reality, it can be any time in between those as well. So the alarm is being sounded and the trumpet blown, meaning Father's elect (sons and daughters) have started prophesying that the end is close at hand for we are 62 years into this final generation and time is getting short What are the two different figs in Jeremiah 24? Well first of all we have to remember who is in Jerusalem at this time and that is what this is about. The good figs are the three tribes of the house of Judah: Judah, Benjamin and part of the tribe of Levi. Why only three tribes? Because in I Kings 11 Father YHVH told Solomon that He was going to split and divide the twelve tribes of Israel when Solomon died. How were they split? Reuben, part of Levi, Zebulun, Issachar, Dan, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Joseph (Manasseh and Ephraim) would continue to be called the "House of Israel" while Judah, part of Levi and Benjamin would now be known as the House of Judah. It is these three tribes which comprise Israel (the country) today mixed in with the naughty figs, who are the naughty figs? The naughty figs are the kenites, those that claim to be Jews but do lie and are of the synagogue of satan. It is those which mixed in with the House of Judah 400 years before Christ was born, after the numbering of by Ezra and Nehemiah and are there to this day. So many times in the New Testament when we read the word "Jews," the writer is really talking about someone that is identified as such because of the location from which they were born or where they were living. The two houses, Israel and Judah, will not be brought back together until the LORD’S Day, the first day of the Millennium, as is recorded in Ezekiel 37. Joel 2:29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out My Spirit. —> Do you see these signs Jesus said would come when He was asked by His disciples when shall these things be and what shall be the signs of His (second) coming in Matthew 24, Mark 13 and Luke 21? Wars and rumors of wars, earthquakes in diverse places, apostasy—lack of Father's Word being taught chapter-by-chapter and verse-by-verse as prophesied in Amos 8:11—running rampant, morals being flushed down the toilet on a daily basis. Yes, we are there, make no mistake about it. Satan as the anti-christ and his locust army will be kicked out of heaven shortly, are you ready for that time? [2:30] And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. —> What are all these, are they cause for concern? No, so don't allow the hell-fire and brimstone pastors to deceive you into believing satan is going to destroy this earth with blood up to the horse's bridles. Remember, satan wants people to worship him and for them to believe that he is Christ, he'll be coming in saying “peace, peace.” Also, Father is not going to allow His earth to be destroyed by nuclear holocaust, Christ is coming here to establish His kingdom and He will not be coming to a place that is void and desolate. When He does come though, all the evil elements, shall be burned up as Peter says in II Peter 3:10 But the day of the LORD will come as a thief in the night, in the which the heavens shall pass away with great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. —> What will actually take place on that day, the day He returns? The elements that shall be burned up are not the elements that make up this earth; rather, we again must look at our word “elements” as used here. In the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Greek word number: G4747, - G4747 στοιχεῖον, Stoicheion, pronounced - stoy-khi'-on, and means: Neuter of a presumed derivative of the base of G4748; something orderly in arrangement, that is, (by implication) a serial (basal, fundamental, initial) constituent (literally), proposition (figuratively): element, principle, rudiment., in other words, all the evil things that are on this earth will be destroyed, not the elements and/or the earth itself, just all the things that cause offense, the things that Father will not allow to pollute His coming kingdom. [2:31] The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come. —> Prior to Jesus' return, satan will loose all the evil spirits that are being held in the bottomless pit and when they are loosed, yeah, the sun will appear to be darkened and the moon into blood. Now think about this for a moment, the brightness of Christ's coming will cause the sun to appear to be dark and at His coming we all change back into our spiritual bodies. So now, put away your fleshly thinking and don't be afraid which is the reason so many Christians want to fly away in their rapture, they just cannot get past thinking in the flesh and have this fear ingrained into them.
Hamath= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2574, - חמת, - chămâth, pronounced - kham-awth', and means: From the same as H2346; walled; Chamath, a place in Syria: - Hamath, Hemath., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The principal city of upper Syria, was situated in the valley of the Orontes, which it commanded from the low screen of hills which forms the water-shed between the source of the Orontes and Antioch. The Hamathites were a Hamitic race, and are included among the descendants of Canaan Genesis 10:18. Nothing appears of the power of Hamath until the time of David II Chronicles 8:9. Hamath seems clearly to have been included in the dominions of Solomon I Kings 14:21-24. The "store-cities" which Solomon "built in Hamath" II Chronicles 8:4, were perhaps staples for trade. In the Assyrian inscriptions of the time of Ahab Hamath appears as a separate power, in alliance with the Syrians of Damascus, the Hittites and the Phoenicians. About three-quarters of a century later Jeroboam the Second "recovered Hamath" II Kings 14:28. Soon afterwards the Assyrians took it II Kings 18:34; 19:13, etc., and from this time it ceased to be a place of much importance. Antiochus Epiphanes changed its name to Epiphaneia. The natives, however, called it Hamath even in St. Jerome's time, and its present name, Hamah, is but slightly altered from the ancient form..”
Judah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3063, - יְהוּדָה, - yehûdâh, pronounced - yeh-hoo-daw', and means: From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory: - Judah. Total KJV occurrences: 820., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if not all, of the territory of Simeon I Samuel 27:6; I Kings 19:3, compare with Joshua 19:1, and of Dan II Chronicles 11:10, compare with Joshua 19:41,42. Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim II Chronicles 13:19; 15:8; 17:2. It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. — The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years. History — The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance II Chronicles 16:7 prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David. (Population. — We have a gage as to the number of the people at different periods in the number of soldiers. If we estimate the population at four times the fighting men, we will have the following table: King...Date ... Soldiers ... Population David...B.C. 1056-1015 ... 500,000 ... 2,000,000 Rehoboam...975-957 ... 180,000 ... 720,000 Abijah...957-955 ... 400,000 ... 1,600,000 Asa...955-914 ... 500,000 ... 2,000,000 Jehoshaphat...914-889 ... 1,160,000 ... 4,640,000 Amaziah...839-810 ... 300,000 ... 1,200,000 -ED.)”.
25:22-25 Remnant in the land.
Migration to Egypt.
25:22-27 THE REMNANT. MIGRATION
TO EGYPT. (Alternation.)
25:22 Governor. Gedaliah.
II Kings 25:22 And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah (Jah has become great; or, YAH is my greatness) (ghed-al-yaw'-hoo) the son of Ahikam (brother of rising (that is, high); or, a brother who raises up) (akh-ee-kawm'), the son of Shaphan (a species of rock rabbit (from its hiding), that is, probably the hyrax: - coney; or, coney) (shaw-fawn'), ruler. —> Once Nebuchadnezzar had executed those who Nebuzar-adan had brought to him, he then made a man named Gedaliah ruler over the poor who remained in Judah working the vineyards and crops. This was fine and dandy until a man of the royal seedline, one named Ishmael,—who just happened to be a very evil, wicked man and who had also fled to Baalis, the king of the Ammonites, and abode with him during this entire time—heard of this news. Well, as we're about to read, he is now going to return and desire to be ruler, feeling that he should be the ruler instead of Gedaliah because of his royal bloodline ties. Even though when Ishmael came to Jerusalem, there wasn't much left of the city, he is still wanting this authority; so, when he came, he brought many men with him in order to support his position. How will this all play out? Let's read on and find out.
Ahikam=We read in Jeremiah 26 that after Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo had finished Prophesying what would befall the House of Judah; that, the false priests and prophets told the princes and the people that Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo was worthy of death, and had set about to kill him; however, this Ahikam was with Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo and would not allow them to do so.
Gedaliah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1436, - גְּדַלְיָה, or גְּדַלְיָהוּ, - gedalyâh, or gedalyâhû, pronounced - ghed-al-yaw', or ghed-al-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H1431 and H3050; Jah has become great; Gedaljah, the name of five Israelites: - Gedaliah. Total KJV occurrences: 32., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Son of Ahikam (Jeremiah's protector Jeremiah 26:24, and grandson of Shaphan the secretary of King Josiah. After the destruction of the temple, Nebuchadnezzar departed from Judea, leaving Gedaliah with a Chaldean guard Jeremiah 40:5, at Mizpah to govern the vinedressers and husbandmen Jeremiah 52:16, who were exempted from captivity. Jeremiah jointed Gedaliah; and Mizpah became the resort of Jews from various quarters Jeremiah 40:6,11. He was murdered by Ishmael two months after his appointment.”.
Ahikam=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H296, - אֲחִיקָם, - 'ăchı̂yqâm, pronounced - akh-ee-kawm', and means: From H251 and H6965; brother of rising (that is, high); Achikam, an Israelite: - Ahikam. Total KJV occurrences: 20., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Son of Shaphan the scribe, an influential officer at the court of Josiah, was one of the delegates sent by Hilkaih to consult Huldah II Kings 22:12-14. In the reign of Jehoiakim he successfully used his influence to protect the prophet Jeremiah Jeremiah 26:24. He was the father of Gedaliah.”.
Shaphan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8227, - שָׁפָן, - shâphân, pronounced - shaw-fawn', and means: From H8226; a species of rock rabbit (from its hiding), that is, probably the hyrax: - coney. Total KJV occurrences: 34., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The scribe or secretary of King Josiah II Kings 22:3,14; II Chronicles 34:8,20. He appears on an equality with the governor of the city and the royal recorder II Kings 22:4; II Chronicles 34:9.”.
25:23 Ishmael. Visit of.
II Kings 25:23 And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah (a watch tower) ( mits-paw'), even Ishmael (God will hear; or, whom YAH hears) (yish-maw-ale') the son of Nethaniah (given of YAH; or, given of YHVH) (neth-an-yaw'-hoo), and Johanan (gift, or grace of YHVH) (yo-khaw-nawn') the son of Careah (bald; or, bald head) (kaw-ray'-akh), and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth (consolation) (tan-khoo'-meth) the Netophathite (distillation) (net-o-faw-thee'), and Jaazaniah (heard of YAH; or, whom YHVH hears) (ya'ăzanyâhû) the son of a Maachathite (depression; or, oppression) (mah-ak-aw-thee’), they and their men. —> So, when Ishmael and the men who were returning with him from the Moabites came and confronted Gedaliah concerning what was happening in Jerusalem, Gedaliah tried to convince them that they should stay in the land and work the fields like those who were already doing so. See, Gedaliah was a man who just wanted to keep his head down and live in peace, or at least, live the life of the least resistance.
So, with Ishmael being of the royal seedline, do you figure he'll just “go along, to get along” as Gedaliah is suggesting; or, do you figure he'll embark on a different course of action, one more accommodating to his liking?
Mizpah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4709, - מִצְפָּה, - mitspâh, pronounced - mits-paw', and means: Feminine of H4708; Mitspah, the name of two places in Palestine. (This seems rather to be only an orthographical variation of H4708 when ‘in pause’.): - Mitspah. Total KJV occurrences: 35., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Mizpah, in Joshua and Samuel; elsewhere Mizpah, a "city" of Benjamin, not far from Jerusalem Joshua 18:26; I Kings 15:22; II Chronicles 16:6; Nehemiah 3:7. It was one of the places fortified by Asa against the incursions of the kings of northern Israel I Kings 15:22; II Chronicles 16:6; Jeremiah 40:6; 41:10 and after the destruction of Jerusalem it became the residence of the superintendent appointed by the king of Babylon Jeremiah 40:7, etc., and the scene of his murder and of the romantic incidents connected with the name of Ishmael the son of Nethaniah. It was one of the three holy cities which Samuel visited in turn as judge of the people I Samuel 7:6,16 the other two being Bethel and Gilgal. With the conquest of Jerusalem and the establishment there of the ark, the sanctity of Mizpah, or at least its reputation, seems to have declined. From Mizpah the city or the temple was visible. These conditions are satisfied by the position of Scopus, the broad ridge which forms the continuation of the Mount of Olives to the north and cast, from which the traveller gains, like Titus, his first view, and takes his last farewell, of the domes, walls and towers of the holy city.”.
Ishmael=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3458, - יִשְׁמָעֵאל, - yishmâ‛ê'l, pronounced - yish-maw-ale', and means: From H8085 and H410; God will hear; Jishmael, the name of Abraham’s oldest son, and of five Israelites: - Ishmael. Total KJV occurrences: 49., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary we find: “The son of Nethaniah; a perfect marvel of craft and villainy, whose treachery forms one of the chief episodes of the history of the period immediately succeeding the first fall of Jerusalem. His exploits are related in Jeremiah 40:7; 41:16 with a short summary. During the siege of the city he had fled across the Jordan where he found a refuge at the court of Baalis. After the departure of the Chaldeans, Ishmael made no secret of his intention to kill the superintendent left by the king of Babylon and usurp his position. Of this Zedaliah was warned in express terms by Johanan and his companions, but notwithstanding entertained Ishmael and his followers at a feast Jeremiah 41:1, during which Ishmael murdered Gedaliah and all his attendants. The same night he killed all Zedaliah's establishment, including some Chaldean soldiers who were there. For two days the massacre remained entirely unknown to the people of the town. On the second day eighty devotees were bringing incense and offerings to the ruins of the temple. At his invitation they turned aside to the residence of the superintendent, and there Ishmael and his band butchered nearly the whole number: ten only escaped by offering a heavy ransom for their lives. This done he descended to the town, surprised and carried off the daughters of King Zedekiah, who had been sent there by Nebuchadnezzar for safety, with their eunuchs and their Chaldean guard Jeremiah 41:10,16, and all the people of the town, and made off with his prisoners to the country of the Ammonites. The news of the massacre had by this time got abroad, and Ishmael was quickly pursued by Johanan and his companions. He was attacked, two of his bravos slain, the whole of the prey recovered; and Ishmael himself with the remaining eight of his people, escaped to the Ammonites.”.
Nethaniah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5418, - נְתַנְיָה, or נְתַנְיָהוּ, - nethanyâh, or nethanyâhû, pronounced - neth-an-yaw', or neth-an-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H5414 and H3050; given of Jah; Nethanjah, the name of four Israelites: - Nethaniah. Total KJV occurrences: 20., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find: “The son of Elishama, and father of Ishmael who murdered Gedaliah II Kings 25:23,25 He was of the royal family of Judah.”.
Johanan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3110, - יוֹחָנָן, - yôchânân, pronounced - yo-khaw-nawn', and means: A form of H3076; Jochanan, the name of nine Israelites: - Johanan. Total KJV occurrences: 24., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary we find: “The son of Kaereah, and one of the captains of the scattered remnants of the army of Judah, who escaped in the final attack upon Jerusalem by the Chaldeans. After the murder of Gedaliah, Johanan was one of the foremost in the pursuit of his assassin, and rescued the captives he had carried off from Mizpah Jeremiah 41:11-16. Fearing the vengeance of the Chaldeans, the captains, with Johanan at their head, notwithstanding the warnings of Jeremiah, retired into Egypt.”.
Chaldees=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7143, - קָרֵחַ, - qârêach, pronounced - kaw-ray'-akh, and means: From H7139; bald; Kareach, an Israelite: - Careah, Kareah. Total KJV occurrences: 14., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find: “Father of Johanan II Kings 25:23, elsewhere spelt Kareah.”.
Tanhumeth=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8576, - תַּנְחֻמֶת, - tanchûmeth, pronounced - tan-khoo'-meth, and means: For H8575 (feminine); Tanchumeth, an Israelite: - Tanhumeth. Total KJV occurrences: 2., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find: “The father of Seraiah in the time of Gedaliah II Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 40:8.”.
Netophathite=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5200, - נְטֹפָתִי, - neṭôphâthı̂y, pronounced - net-o-faw-thee', and means: Patronymic from H5199; a Netophathite, or inhabitant of Netophah: - Netophathite. Total KJV occurrences: 11., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find: “an inhabitant of Neophah.”.
Jaazaniah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2970, - יַאֲזַנְיָה, or יַאֲזַנְיָהוּ, - ya'ăzanyâh, or ya'ăzanyâhû, pronounced - yah-az-an-yaw', or yah-az-an-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H238 and H3050; heard of Jah; Jaazanjah, the name of four Israelites: - Jaazaniah. Compare H3153. Total KJV occurrences: 4., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find “One of the captains of the forces who accompanied Hohanan ben-Kareah to pay his respects to Gedaliah at Mizpah II Kings 25:23, and who appears afterwards to have assisted in recovering Ishmael's prey from his clutches. Compare with Jeremiah 41:11; 43:4,5.”.
Maachathite=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H4602, - מַעֲכָתִי, - ma‛ăkâthı̂y, pronounced - mah-ak-aw-thee', and means: Patrial from H4601; a Maakathite, or inhabitant of Maakah: - Maachathite. Total KJV occurrences: 8., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find: “The, two words (Ma-Ach’Athi and Maach’athites) which denote the inhabitants of the small kingdom of Maachah Deuteronomy 3:14; Joshua 12:5; 13:11,13; II Samuel 23:34; II Kings 25:23; and Jeremiah 40:8.”.
25:24 Governor’s reception.
II Kings 25:24 And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, “Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldees: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you.” —> Again, we see that Gedaliah tells Ishmael and his men to “just lay low” so to speak, in other words, just keep your heads down and to have no fear of the Babylonians, for that if they would just cultivate the fields, they wouldn't suffer any harm. Gedaliah assured them of this by an oath; further stating that they should have him for their ruler, and that if any disturbance should arise, they could find him ready to defend them. He next advised them to dwell in any of the cities in Judah as every one of them pleased; and that they would send men along with his own servants, and rebuild their houses upon the old foundations, and dwell there; and lastly, he admonished them beforehand, that they should make preparation, while the season lasted, of corn, and wine, and oil, that they might have whereon to feed during the winter. Doing all this, he told them, would make sure that all would be well for them.
As this is a “Type” for us to look upon as to what is going to come to pass for us at the end of this Age, the point here is not that we serve satan as the false messiah when he comes; but, the point is that when it is part of Father's plan, and you know it from His Word, then we are to obey the instruction from His Word. Thus, when you are serving in that one world system that Father calls "His," and satan is the head of that system, just as Nebuchadnezzar was Father’s servant, then when you follow Father's plan you are actually serving Him. We are to follow the path that the Holy Spirit leads us in no matter what the day or time. You not serving the king of Babylon, but you are serving Father. The point is that it is going to happen just as it is written in His Word. This is a type of how it shall be in the final generation. Bear in mind that about half of all the souls which have been born in the flesh since Adam, are living in the world today. This is the major generation, and this generation is the one that shall be well tested. Brethren, we are privileged to live in this special generation where all these prophecies are going to take place right before our eyes. So, the question is, Who are you going to serve? If you are biblically illiterate, of course you will serve the one who you think appears to be the greatest in his supernatural form. You will think satan to be Jesus.
25:25 Ishmael. Murders by.
II Kings 25:25 But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama (God of hearing; or, whom YHVH hears) (el-ee-shaw-maw'), of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah. —> Here is Josephus’ account of what transpired: “Ishmael came again to Gedaliah, to the city Mispah, and ten men with him; and when he had feasted Ishmael, and those that were with him, in a splendid manner at his table, and had given them presents, he became disordered in drink, while he endeavored to be very merry with them; and when Ishmael saw him in that case, and that he was drowned in his cups to the degree of insensibility, and fallen asleep, he rose up on a sudden, with his ten friends, and slew Gedaliah, and those that were with him at the feast; and when he had slain them, he went out by night, and slew all the Jews that were in the city, and those soldiers also which were left therein by the Babylonians. But the next day fourscore men came out of the country with presents to Gedaliah, none of them knowing what had befallen him; when Ishmael saw them, he invited them in to Gedaliah, and when they were come in, he shut up the court, and slew them, and cast their dead bodies down into a certain deep pit, that they might not be seen; but of these fourscore men Ishmael spared those that entreated him not to kill them, till they had delivered up to him what riches they had concealed in the fields, consisting of their furniture, and garments, and corn: but he took captive the people that were in Mispah, with their wives and children; among whom were the daughters of king Zedekiah, whom Nebuzaradan, the general of the army of Babylon, had left with Gedaliah. And when he had done this, he came to the king of the Ammonites. But when Johanan and the rulers with him heard of what was done at Mispah by Ishmael, and of the death of Gedaliah, they had indignation at it, and every one of them took his own armed men, and came suddenly to fight with Ishmael, and overtook him at the fountain in Hebron. And when those that were carried away captives by Ishmael saw Johanan and the rulers, they were very glad, and looked upon them as coming to their assistance; so they left him that had carried them captives, and came over to Johanan: then Ishmael, with eight men, fled to the king of the Ammonites; but Johanan took those whom he had rescued out of the hands of Ishmael, and the eunuchs, and their wives and children, and came to a certain place called Mandra, and there they abode that day, for they had determined to remove from thence and go into Egypt, out of fear, lest the Babylonians should slay them, in case they continued in the country, and that out of anger at the slaughter of Gedaliah, who had been by them set over it for governor.”. Dr. Bullinger notes in his note to this verse in his Companion Bible that, the murder of Gedaliah was at the urging of Baalis, and we can read of it in Jeremiah 40:7-43:13.
Elishama=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H476, - אֱלִישָׁמָע, - 'ĕlı̂yshâmâ‛, pronounced - el-ee-shaw-maw', and means: From H410 and H8085; God of hearing; Elishama, the name of seven Israelites: - Elishama. Total KJV occurrences: 17., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find: “The father of Nethaniah and grandfather of Ishmael II Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 41:1.”.
25:26 Remnant. Migration to Egypt.
II Kings 25:26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to Egypt: for they were afraid of the Chaldees. —> When Ishmael and his men murdered Gedaliah and those who were with him, the rest of the people bolted, fleeing for their lives, much as Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo's army had done when the Babylonians had had Jersualem surrounded. Only, this time, the people didn't stay around to try and re-inhabit the land; no, this time when they fled, they kept going, all the way to Egypt.
This fleeing to Egypt was in defiance to the counsel of Father through His Prophet Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo whom the people took with them. Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo wrote and recorded in the Book named for him, in Jeremiah 42 and Jeremiah 43:8-13 that, Egypt would also fall to the king of Babylon; so really, there no sense in going back down to the land Father told them they were not to ever lean upon.
Though they were not to go, I guess you could almost say that in a small sense it was a good thing as, when they went and drug Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo with them, they had also taken 3 young ladies of the royal seedline mentioned in verse 25:25; well, Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo ended up leaving and heading out to the British Isles and when he did, he took those 3 young ladies to the British Isles with him. It was because of all this, that, the royal seed became part of the royal seed of the British Isles, all of what I state here is easily documented in history. One of the three young ladies, a lass named Scota married the son of the king of Ireland, they together moved onto a new parcel of land and called it Scotland. One of the offspring of this union grew up and married into the royal line of Great Brittan, where the line of David sits to this day.
25:27-30 Evil-Merodach and
II Kings 25:27 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin (YHVH will establish; or, whom YAH has appointed) (Yeh-ho-yaw-keen’) king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, that Evil-merodach (soldier of Merodak; or, the fool of Merodak) (ev-eel' mer-o-dak') king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison; —> As we see, when Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' was taken away to Babylon, he wasn't immediately killed, nor did he die and Return Home to Father right away; no, he out-lived Nebuchadnezzar and his son, and now a new ruler, one named Ev-eel-mer-o-dak' is king. Ev-eel-mer-o-dak' had compassion on Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' and let him out of the prison cell he had been held in, and as we'll see as we read further along, he'll even allow Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' to continue living, and even dine at his own—king Ev-eel-mer-o-dak's—table.
Jehoiachin=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3078, - יְהוֹיָכִין, - yehôyâkı̂yn, pronounced - yeh-ho-yaw-keen', and means: From H3068 and H3559; Jehovah will establish; Jehojakin, a Jewish king: - Jehoiachin. Compare H3112. Total KJV occurrences: 10., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find: “The son of Jehoiakim, and for three months and ten days king of Judah. At his accession Jerusalem was quite defenseless, and unable to offer any resistance to the army which Nebuchadnezzar sent to besiege it II Kings 24:10,11. In a very short time Jehoiachin surrendered at discretion; and he, and the queen-mother, and all his servants, captains and officers, came out and gave themselves up to Nebuchadnezzar, who carried them, with the harem and the eunuchs, to Babylon Jeremiah 29:2; Ezekiel 17:12; 19:9. There he remained a prisoner, actually in prison and wearing prison garments, for thirty-six years, viz., till the death of Nebuchadnezzar, when Evilmerodach, succeeding to the throne of Babylon, brought him out of prison, and made him sit at this own table. The time of his death is uncertain.”.
Evil-Merodach=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H192, - אֱוִיל מְרֹדַךְ, - 'ĕvı̂yl merôdak, pronounced - ev-eel' mer-o-dak', and means: Of Chaldee derivation and probably meaning soldier of Merodak; Evil-Merodak, a Babylonian king: - Evil-merodach. Total KJV occurrences: 2., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find: “II Kings 25:27, the son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar. He reigned but a short time, having ascended the throne on the death of Nebuchadnezzar, and being himself succeeded by Neriglissar. He was murdered by Neriglissar.”.
II Kings 25:28 And he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon; —> Did you catch that brethren? Ev-eel-mer-o-dak' set Yeh-ho-yaw-keen's throne—yes it was still the throne of a vassal king; but, still...—above the throne of his—Ev-eel-mer-o-dak's—other vassal king's thrones. So, you could say that Ev-eel-mer-o-dak's other vassal kings were subjugated, or subservient to Yeh-ho-yaw-keen'.
II Kings 25:29 And changed his prison garments: and he did eat bread continually before him all the days of his life. —> Ev-eel-mer-o-dak' cleaned Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' up, and treated him with dignity and respect until the day he did Return Home to Father.
Historian Josephus writes this account in his writings: “But now, after the death of Nebuchadnezzar, Evil-Merodach his son succeeded in the kingdom, who immediately set Jeconiah at liberty, and esteemed him among his most intimate friends. He also gave him many presents, and made him honorable above the rest of the kings that were in Babylon; for his father had not kept his faith with Jeconiah, when he voluntarily delivered up himself to him, with his wives and children, and his whole kindred, for the sake of his country, that it might not be taken by siege, and utterly destroyed, as we said before.”.
II Kings 25:30 And his allowance was a continual allowance given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life. —> Ev-eel-mer-o-dak' had even given Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' a “king's ransom” if you will of a daily ration of food.
With the death of Yeh-ho-yaw-keen’ came the end of the kingdom of the House of Judah, for all the sons of the royal family were either made to be eunuchs to serve in Babylon, or they were outright killed, as in the case of Zedekiah's sons. However, Father ensured the lineage would be continued, and He did so through the daughters of Zedekiah, as they married into the king line of Ireland. This was the joining of the royal blood lines of Pharaz and Zarah.
Now, through this captivity, Yir-meh-yaw’-hoo revealed what must come to pass through the pen of his scribe Baruch. Yir-meh-yaw’-hoo had taken those three of Zedekiah's daughters with him when he left for Egypt, and brought them with him when he went to Ireland. It was prophesied that these three would escape through Egypt with Yir-meh-yaw’-hoo, while all their brothers would be slain by Nebuchadnezzar. It would be from these three daughters that the royal lines of the European kings and queens would come. Research it and you can follow the royal lineage from Scota, the "tender twig of Zedekiah", who became Tamar Tephi, queen to king Eochaidh (Eremhon-Heremon) of Ireland. You can follow the royal lineage of the house of David all the way to Queen Elizabeth II, who now sits as queen of England.
When you follow the blood lines of the royal families of the other western Europe nations, such as Sweden, Holland, Denmark, and even the Czars of Russia, their claim to the thrones all come through these three daughters which Yir-meh-yaw’-hoo removed out of the middle east, and took to Spain and the Isles. Along with these daughters came the “stone of scone,” also kn own as “the Stone of Destiny,” and “Jacob's pillar” in which has been under the crowning chair that all the royal kings and queens have taken their oaths. You can find images of that stone and the coronation chair on the internet, including the Westminster Abbey Webpage.
Even to this day, the first duty in the oath of any king or queen of England is the “defender and protector of the faith.” They are the protector over the House of Israel, sitting over the people of Israel, while these kings lineage are of the House of Judah. This is not by accident, for when Jacob placed the duties and prophesy for each of the tribes, the name of Israel was placed on Ephraim, while the right to rule went to Judah, we can read of this in Genesis 48: Genesis 48:16 The Angel Which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grown into a multitude in the midst of the earth.” —> This was Isaac speaking and he had already laid his right hand on Ephraim’s head and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, even though it should have been the opposite as Manasseh was the elder of the two boys and should have received the “First Fruits Blessing.” Joseph tried to stop his father but, Isaac knew what he was doing. Skip down with me to verse Genesis 48:20: [ 48:20] And he blessed them that day, saying, “In thee shall Israel bless, saying, ‘God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh:’ ” and he set Ephraim before Manasseh. —> This blessing given to Joseph's two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh are all summed up in Genesis 49:24-26. Let’s review them for this is the passing of the blessings that God promised Abraham called the Abrahamic Covenant, that was passed on to Isaac, and then to Jacob. Jacob is on his death bed here, and now he is passing those eternal promises on to Joseph, not Judah. Pay close attention to what those promises are, and remember that the name Israel is now on the head and carried by Ephraim, while Manasseh shall become one great nation carrying these blessings also. Genesis 49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hand of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel:) [49:25] Even by the GOD of thy father, Who shall help thee; and by the ALMIGHTY, Who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb: [49:26] The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separated from his brethren. —> Brethren, there are no conditions to these blessings of the Abrahamic covenant for they are eternal and passed on to the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the two sons of Joseph. However, the prophecy that Jacob gave to Judah is also recorded, for Jacob said of Judah in Genesis 49:10: Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto Him shall the gathering of the people be. —> The “sceptre” is the right to rule and create the laws of the land over Israel, Father's people. We know from the writings of this book that there was a definite split between the House of Israel and the House of Judah, and that one was scattered long before the other. In fact the identity of Israel was completely lost because the Israelites had changed their names into many other names and too many had simply lost their identity. Today the tribes of Israel are simply known as “Caucasians,” after their migrations through the Caucasus mountains.
However there can be no confusion as to the identity of the royal line of Judah, for it is well documented, and she, queen Elisabeth now sits over the tribe of Ephraim, in England, and that throne will continue “until He who has the right to sit on that throne shall come; then He shall gather all of His people from the ends of the earth.” Of course we are talking about the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, and at that time the throne will be back in Jerusalem, His favorite spot here on earth.
This Bible Study was written by Scott Reis and is provided in order to be used as a private Bible Study Tool. Therefore, it may be copied in whole or in part and shared for private Bible Study; however, it may not be reproduced and published as an original work.