|* II Kings 24
II Kings 23 opened with the continuation of Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's (Josiah's) 31 year reign over the Nation of the House of Judah. Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was a righteous king and much had transpired since his taking the throne from his ungodly father Aw-mone' (Amon) in the year 531 B.C.. First, he had his royal staff clean up the land from all the false gods and idols, the graven images and asherah groves which his father and grandfather had re-introduced in Judah after king Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo (Hezekiah) had removed them. Then, after cleaning up the land, he next had his staff go into Father's Temple to remove more of the same which Man-ash-sheh' (Manasseh)—Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's grandfather—and his son Aw-mone' had placed in Father's Temple. It was Man-ash-sheh' who had gone so far as to place abominal items such as the golden graven image of his asherah grove where they had practiced their idolatrous sexual orgies in Father's House. Think of that brethren, they actually placed a replicated golden graven image of the grove where they held their sexual orgies, right there in Father's Temple.
In the course of cleaning up Father's Temple, one of Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's staff found a “Book.” When his staff finally figured out what that “Book” was,—i.e., “The Book of the Law of YHVH given of Moses,” in other words, the Original Mosaic copy of Father's Law—they took it to Yo-she-yaw'-hoo and read some of the contents of it to him. When Yo-she-yaw'-hoo heard what was written in Father's Law, he immediately humbled himself by rending; or, tearing his clothes in a sign of humility and repentance; because, for 26 years, old Yo-she-yaw'-hoo who had thought he had been doing so well in his walk of Righteousness, now grasps with horror, the genuineness of how far off Father's Path he truly was, and he also recognized that cursings were in his and Judah's future. So, unsure how to proceed—even Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's High Priest Hilkiah wasn't sure which steps were now necessary or required—Yo-she-yaw'-hoo told his staff to II Kings 22:13 “ Go ye, enquire of the LORD for me, and for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that is found: for great is the wrath of the LORD that is kindled against us, because our fathers have not hearkened unto the words of this book, to do according unto all that which is written concerning us.” —> Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was no fool, he perceived the depth of the condemnation of those who turn their backs on Father, and he knew that even though he was trying to do right, Father's wrath was kindled against him, the people of Judah, and all the remnant who remained of the House of Israel; therefore, he earnestly sought to find the truth which Father would have him do concerning those things which were written in His Word. Yo-she-yaw'-hoo wanted to hear directly from Father just how it all applied to him and to all the people. So, he sent his High Priest and his cabinet to find out the truth. Who did they go to find to seek Father's Truth? A Prophetess, one named Huldah, who happened to be employed at the college.
Huldah told Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's staff: II Kings 22:15 And she said unto them, “Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Tell the man that sent you to me, —> There was no, “wait, let me go ask a man, a male prophet, or, let me go and seek Father;” no, she immediately tells them the truth in what Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is to do. What is it that he is to do, and what is going to come to pass? Again, let's continue reading and find out; but, know this, the first words out of Huldah's mouth are, “Thus saith Father YHVH”: [22:16] ‘Thus saith the LORD, ‘Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the words of the book which the king of Judah hath read: —> Huldah knew Father's Word, she knew what Father commanded Moses to write in Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28, and she knew the wrath of Father and what must come to pass for Israel's forsaking and turning their backs on Father. Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was twenty six years old when he finally heard the truth which came out of the words of Father’s Law, and the news is not good news to him for; Father is saying that, “though you Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, have been a hearer and doer of My Word, and you Yo-she-yaw'-hoo have done your best to walk my Path of Righteousness, I am still going to bring evil—ra'-a' in the Hebrew language, (Hebrew word number: H7451) meaning: calamity—upon this place Jerusalem, and upon the inhabitants thereof.” This is the same message that Father had sent to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo, the last righteous king before Yo-she-yaw’-hoo. [22:17] Because they have forsaken Me, and have burned incense unto other gods, that they might provoke Me to anger with all the works of their hands; therefore My wrath shall be kindled against this place, and shall not be quenched.’ ’ —> What Father is telling Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is, that, the People, His Children which He created, tried to drive Him out of His own Temple and out of the Nation—pretty much what some today here in the United States of America have tried and are still trying to do—and that, because of that, He is still going to bring upon the Nation of the House of Judah all the Promises which are Promised in His Word—as I pointed out above, from the cursings of Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28—in order to get their attention and show them and all the world that He is YHVH ELOHIM. Over and over again Father sent His Prophets and Priests to the Nation(s) to try and get them to change their direction from following after and worshiping their false gods of sticks and stones and carved images; and, instead to pick up His Word and read it; but, not only did they not read His Word, His Law; but, they even went so far as to lose it to the point to where they didn't even know what it was. [22:18] But to the king of Judah which sent you to enquire of the LORD, thus shall ye say to him, ‘Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, ‘As touching the words which thou hast heard; —> Father through His Prophetess Huldah is going to specifically address Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, and what is it that Father has for him? [22:19] Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the LORD, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard thee,’ saith the LORD. —> Father watched Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's reaction when he had heard what was to befall Judah, Father also knew his heart as, it was Father Who Prophesied 361 years ago that, a man named Yo-she-yaw'-hoo would be born who would put a stop to all those who were worshiping false gods and idols, and would also clean out the land of them and their altars to such. Listen to what Father tells Yo-she-yaw’-hoo: Because you were compassionate and you cared for the things of Me, and you humbled yourself before Me, I will likewise also be merciful toward you. The point that Father is stressing here is, that, it doesn't matter how bad the world is, or even your own family is, if you humbly seek Father in repentance, then He hears you and he forgives you. Father loves all those who love Him and humbly seek after Him in repentance, and when you do, then His wrath is not directed towards you, a great example of this is Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, the entire Babylonian kingdom, even including some of their own brethren were falling down and worshiping the golden image whenever king Nebuchadnezzar had the music play; and it was Babylonian law that, those who did not, were to be thrown into the burning fiery furnace. Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego were indeed thrown into burning fiery furnace for their failure to follow Babylonian law, and what happened? I’ll let Nebuchadnezzar tell it himself: Daniel 3:24 Then Nebuchadnezzar the king was astonied, and rose up in haste, and spake, and said unto his counsellors, “Did not we cast three men bound into the midst of the fire?” They answered and said unto the king, “True, O king.” [3:25] He answered and said, “Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.” —> Much meat there brethren as, first off, how did Nebuchadnezzar know what Jesus looked like that he immediately recognized Him? Secondly, notice Jesus was able to keep the three young men from being burned in that fire? Thirdly, had we continued reading, we would have read that they didn’t even have the smell of smoke on them. But, the point is that Father is able to protect us no matter what is going on around us. This is why it is important to let Father know that you love Him, and repent through His Son Jesus Christ. He will not let the wrath that He brings on this world harm you one little speck, when he moves to bring His wrath on this world. [22:20] ‘Behold therefore, I will gather thee unto thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered into thy grave in peace; and thine eyes shall not see all the evil which I will bring upon this place.’ ’ ” And they brought the king word again. —> This was a major bombshell which hit Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's court as, Huldah has just told him that the entire kingdom, including all the people and all the buildings would be destroyed after he died and returned Home to Father. Sure, for Yo-she-yaw’-hoo it was for the most part, good news to him personally; however, stop and think of how he would take it that all those people of his kingdom would perish after he was dead and gone, we’ll see that he’ll try and save as many as he can before he does indeed return Home to Father. Anyway, Father’s prophetess, true to Father’s fashion, told it like it was, and held nothing back. Her own nation was going to be destroyed, she fully grasped the situation, and still, she withheld none of the bad news from the king. Was she the one that said it? No, of course not, she was just repeating Father's Words. In peace=Yo-she-yaw'-hoo would go to his grave in peace; however, that doesn't mean he'll die in peace as; as we read in II Kings 23:29, he actually died while engaged in war; but, why not “in peace” of mind as well as heart?
So, once the staff and all the people of the Nation had cleaned up Father's House, Jerusalem and all Judah, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo then had every single person in the Nation come to Jerusalem in order to be present as he had the Levites conduct the grandest Passover since the time of Moses. Shortly thereafter, the king of Egypt, pharaoh-nechoh came toward Judah as he was in route to fight against the Assyrians, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo interceded, not to prevent nechoh from attacking Assyria; but, to prevent him from crossing Judah's territories. Nechoh told Yo-she-yaw'-hoo that it was Father YHVH Who had laid it on his heart to wage this war against the Assyrians and therefore, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo should stand aside and allow the Egyptians to pass unhindered, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was having none of it and went out against nechoh who slew him at Megiddo. The People of Judah carried Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's body back to Jerusalem where they buried him with all the righteous kings of Judah, they then made his second oldest son, 23 year old Ye-ho-aw-khawz (Jehoahaz) king over them. Ye-ho-aw-khawz took over the reigns of the Nation near the end of the year in 500 B.C., he was an evil unrighteous king, and his reign only lasted 3 months as; as nechoh was returning from his defeating the Assyrians, he had Ye-ho-aw-khawz meet him in the city of Hamath where he put him in bonds, put his older brother, 25 year old El-yaw-keem' (Eliakim) in charge as a vassal king, and imposed a tribute of 100 talents of silver and a talent of gold every month. For his part, nechoh carried Ye-ho-aw-khawz back to Egypt with him where he died some time later. El-yaw-keem'—who nechoh renames Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' (Jehoiakim)—begins his reign in the year 499 B.C., he won't fare much better than his younger brother; yes, he'll outlive his younger brother, and he will also rule longer than Ye-ho-aw-khawz did; however, like his great, great grandfather Man-ash-sheh' before him, he too will cause the streets of Jerusalem to run with innocent blood, therefore, Father is going to get him by sending a different king against him, one who is mentioned by name for the first time, Nebuchadnezzar, king of babylon, which we'll be reading of in this Chapter.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: “Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen.”
18:1-24:20 JUDAH. (Division.)
24:1-4 Events. Political.
II Kings 24:1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar ( may nebo protect the crown) (neb-oo-kad-tsore) king of Babylon (confusion) (baw-bel’) came up, and Jehoiakim (YHVH will raise; or, whom YHVH sets up) (Yeh-ho-yaw-keem') became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him. —> Remember, Yeh-ho-yaw-keem’ had been paying his taxes to Pharaoh of Egypt, and now that king Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian army pushed Pharaoh back into Egypt, those taxes would now being going to a new king, the king of Babylon. Yeh-ho-yaw-keem’ began by continuing to pay the tribute to Nebuchadnezzar; however, after a while, he decided he wasn’t going to pay anymore. This is great if you have the power to back your stance; however, Yeh-ho-yaw-keem’ being only a vassal king under Nechoh, he doesn’t have the power to back his rebellion of Nebuchadnezzar. So, what’s going to happen? His rebellious actions caused Nebuchadnezzar to come against Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' and Jerusalem, this will be the first siege upon Judah.
Who is behind this? Father's Word here in this verse says that it is king Nebuchadnezzar; however, as we'll read in a second or two, we'll discover that it is actually Father Who is behind this because of Yeh-ho-yaw-keem’s unrighteousness. See, Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' not only rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar; but, he was actually rebelling against Father. He was a very unrighteous king toward Father and a harsh king against his own people even. I don't believe there is any kind word which can be spoken of Yeh-ho-yaw-keem'.
It wasn't only Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' who became Nebuchadnezzar's captive, he was the king, so he went into captivity; but, so did many of the other high ranking officials of Judah, only people who were of no threat to Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians—i.e., the commoners—were allowed to stay in the land. This is the beginning of the 70 year captivity, which lasted from 496 to 426 B.C.. Father's Prophet Daniel, author of the Book named after him, began his writings while he was a captive in Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5019, - נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר, נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר, or נְבוּכַדְרֶא ַצּוֹר, - nebûkadne'tstsar , nebûkadre'tstsar, or nebûkadre'tsôr, pronounced - neb-oo-kad-nets-tsar', neb-oo-kad-rets-tsar', or neb-oo-kad-tsore, and means: Of foreign derivation; Nebukadnetstsar (or retstsar, or retstsor), king of Babylon: - Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadrezzar. Total KJV occurrences: 60., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is too long to post here; so, I’ll just post the link to it instead: Nebuchadnezzar.
Babylon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H894, - בּבל, - bâbel, pronounced - baw-bel', and means: From H1101; confusion; Babel (that is, Babylon), including Babylonia and the Babylonian empire: - Babel, Babylon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Is properly the capital city of the country which is called in Genesis Shinar, and in the later books Chaldea, or the land of the Chaldeans. The first rise of the Chaldean power was in the region close upon the Persian Gulf; thence the nation spread northward up the course of the rivers, and the seat of government moved in the same direction, being finally fixed at Babylon, perhaps not earlier than B.C, 1700. (I). Topography of Babylon—Ancient description of the city. — All the ancient writers appear to agree in the fact of a district of vast size, more or less inhabited having been enclosed within lofty walls and included under the name of Babylon. With respect to the exact extent of the circuit they differ. The estimate of Herodotus and of Pliny Isaiah 480stades (60 Roman miles, 53 of our miles) of Strabo 385, of Q. Curtius 368, of Clitarchus 365 and of Ctesias 360 stades (40 miles). (George Smith, in his "Assyrian Discoveries," differs entirely from all these estimates, making the circuit of the city but eight miles.) Perhaps Herodotus spoke of the outer wall, which could be traced in his time. Taking the lowest estimate of the extent of the circuit, we shall have for the space within the rampart an area of above 100 square miles--nearly five times the size of London! It is evident that this vast space cannot have been entirely covered with houses. The city was situated on both sides of the river Euphrates, and the two parts were connected together by a stone bridge five stades (above 1000 yards) long and 30 feet broad. At either extremity of the bridge was a royal palace, that in the eastern city being the more magnificent of the two. The two palaces were joined not only by the bridge, but by a tunnel under the river. The houses, which were frequently three or four stories high, were laid out in straight streets crossing each other at right angles. (II). Present state of the ruins. — A portion of the ruins is occupied by the modern town of Hillah . About five miles above Hillah, on the opposite or left bank of the Euphrates occurs a series of artificial mounds of enormous size. They consist chiefly of three great masses of building, — the high pile of unbaked brickwork which is known to the Arabs as Babel, 600 feet square and 140 feet high; the building denominated the Kasr or palace, nearly 2000 feet square and 70 feet high, and a lofty mound upon which stands the modern tomb of Amram-ibn-'Alb . Scattered over the country on both sides of the Euphrates are a number of remarkable mounds, usually standing single, which are plainly of the same date with the great mass of ruins upon the river bank. Of these by far the most striking is the vast ruin called the Birs-Nimrud , which many regard as the tower of Babel, situated about six miles to the southwest of Hillah. [BABEL, TOWER OF] (III). Identification of sites. — The great mound of Babel is probably the ancient temple of Beaus. The mound of the Kasr marks the site of the great palace of Nebuchadnezzar. The mound of Amram is thought to represent the "hanging gardens" of Nebuchadnezzar; but most probably it represents the ancient palace, coeval with Babylon itself, of which Nebuchadnezzar speaks in his inscriptions as adjoining his own more magnificent residence. (IV). History of Babylon. — Scripture represents the "beginning of the kingdom" as belonging to the time of Nimrod Genesis 10:6-10. The early annals of Babylon are filled by Berosus, the native historian, with three dynasties: one of 49 Chaldean kings, who reigned 458 years; another of 9 Arab kings, who reigned 245 years; and a third of 49 Assyrian monarchs, who held dominion for 526 years. The line of Babylonian kings becomes exactly known to us from B.C. 747. The "Canon of Ptolemy" gives us the succession of Babylonian monarchs from B.C. 747 to B.C. 331, when the last Persian king was dethroned by Alexander. On the fall of Nineveh, B.C. 625, Babylon became not only an independent kingdom, but an empire. The city was taken by surprise B.C. 539, as Jeremiah had prophesied Jeremiah 51:31, by Cyrus, under Darius, Daniel 5, as intimated 170 years earlier by Isaiah Isaiah 21:1-9, and, as Jeremiah had also foreshown Jeremiah 51:39, during a festival. With the conquest of Cyrus commenced the decay of Babylon, which has since been a quarry from which all the tribes in the vicinity have derived the bricks with which they have built their cities. The "great city" has thus emphatically "become heaps" Jeremiah 51:37. Ba'bel, Tower of. The "tower of Babel" is only mentioned once in Scripture Genesis 11:4,5, and then as incomplete. It was built of bricks, and the "slime" used for mortar was probably bitumen. Such authorities as we possess represent the building as destroyed soon after its erection. When the Jews, however, were carried captive into Babylonia, they thought they recognized it in the famous temple of Beaus, the modern Birs Nimrod . But the Birs-Nimrrud though it cannot be the tower of Babel itself; may well be taken to show the probable shape and character of the edifice. This building appears to have been a sort of oblique pyramid built in seven receding stages, each successive one being nearer to the southwestern end which constituted the back of the building. The first, second and third stories were each 26 feet high the remaining four being 15 feet high. On the seventh stage there was probably placed the ark or tabernacle, which seems to have been again 15 feet high, and must have nearly, if not entirely, covered the top of the seventh story The entire original height, allowing three feet for the platform, would thus have been 156 feet, or, without the plat-form, 163 feet.“.
Jehoiakim=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3079, - יהויקים, - Yehôyâqı̂ym, pronounced - Yeh-ho-yaw-keem', and means: From H3068 abbreviated and H6965; Jehovah will raise; Jehojakim, a Jewish king: - Jehoiakim. Compare H3113., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “He is called Eliakim, son of Josiah and king of Judah. After deposing Jehoahaz, Pharaoh-necho set Eliakim, his elder brother, upon the throne, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. For four years Jehoiakim was subject toi Egypt, when Nebuchadnezzar, after a short siege, entered Jerusalem, took the king prisoner, bound him in fetters to carry him to Babylon, and took also some of the precious vessels of the temple and carried them to the land of Shinar. Jehoiakim became tributary to Nebuchadnezzar after his invasion of Judah, and continued so for three years, but at the end of that time broke his oath of allegiance and rebelled against him II Kings 24:1. Nebuchadnezzar sent against him numerous bands of Chaldeans, with Syrians, Moabites and Ammonites II Kings 24:7, and who cruelly harassed the whole country. Either in an engagement with some of these forces or else by the hand of his own oppressed subjects Jehoiakim came to a violent end in the eleventh year of his reign. His body was cast out ignominiously on the ground, and then was dragged away and buried "with the burial of an ass," without pomp or lamentation, "beyond the gates of Jerusalem" Jeremiah 22:18-19; 36:30. All the accounts we have of Jehoiakim concur in ascribing to him a vicious and irreligious character II Kings 23:37; 24:9; II Chronicles 36:5.”.
II Kings 24:2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees (chaldeans), and bands of the Syrians (the highland), and bands of the Moabites (from [her (the mother’s)] father; or, of his father) (mo-awb), and bands of the children of Ammon (tribal that is inbred; or, sons of renown, mountaineers) (am-mone’), and sent them against Judah (celebrated) (Yeh-hoo-daw') to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets. —> Father's Prophet Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo (Jeremiah), was prophesying in Judah at this time and we can gain some pretty insightful information reading the first few verses of Chapter 25 of his Book: Jeremiah 25:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; [25:2] The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying, —> Here we read that Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo was indeed in Jerusalem during Yeh-ho-yaw-keem's reign and between verses 2 and 9 he was warning the People to turn from their evil wicked ways while also giving them the consequences of what would happen should they choose to disobey Father's warnings; skip down to verse 9 with me: [25:9] Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations. —> Father will use whomever He chooses; and, here we see that He used several different peoples to dislodge His Chosen People Israel because they chose to ignore Father's Warnings, and now they are about to receive their just consequences as; Nebuchadnezzar—Father's servant as he is called here in this verse—is now getting ready to take them into their 70 year captivity. It's sadly ironic that these other peoples whom Father used, the Ammonites, the Chaldees, Moabites, and the Syrian had all during the reign of both David and Solomon had been subjugated to Israel.
Chaldees=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3778, - כַּשְׂדִּי, or כַּשְׂדִּימָה, - kaśdı̂y, or kaśdı̂ymâh, pronounced - kas-dee', or kas-dee'-maw, and means: (Occasionally shown as the second form with enclitic; meaning towards the Kasdites); patronymic from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite, or descendant of Kesed; by implication a Chaldaean (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people): - into Chaldea), patronymicallyn. from H3777 (only in the plural); a Kasdite; or descendant of Kesed; by implication a Chaldan (as if so descended); also an astrologer (as if proverbial of that people): - Chaldeans, Chaldees, inhabitants of Chaldea. Total KJV occurrences: 81., I don’t buy what was written in the Strong’s Concordance as far as whom the Chaldeans were descended from, I lean more to what; or, who is written of in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary; so, let’s now read it from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “It appears that the Chaldeans (Kaldai or Kaldi ) were in the earliest times merely one out of many Cushite tribes inhabiting the great alluvial plain known afterwards as Chaldea or Babylonia. Their special seat was probably that southern portion of the country which is found to have so late retained the name of Chaldea. In process of time, as the Kaldi grew in power, their name gradually prevailed over those of the other tribes inhabiting the country; and by the era of the Jewish captivity it had begun to be used generally for all the inhabitants of Babylonia. It appears that while, both in Assyria and in later Babylonia, the Shemitic type of speech prevailed for civil purposes, the ancient Cushite dialect was retained, as a learned language for scientific and religious literature. This is no doubt the "learning" and the "tongue" to which reference it made in the book of Daniel, (Daniel 1:4) The Chaldeans were really the learned class; they were priests, magicians or astronomers, and in the last of the three capacities they probably effected discoveries of great importance. In later times they seem to have degenerated into mere fortune-tellers.”.
Syria=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H758, - אֲרָם, - 'ărâm, pronounced - arawm', and means: From the same as H759; the highland; Aram or Syria, and its inhabitants; also the name of a son of Shem, a grandson of Nahor, and of an Israelite: - Aram, Mesopotamia, Syria, Syrians. Total KJV occurrences: 132., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Is the term used throughout our version for the Hebrew Aram , as well as for the Greek Zupia . Most probably Syria is for Tsyria, the country about Tsur or Tyre which was the first of the Syrian towns known to the Greeks. It is difficult to fix the limits of Syria. The limits of the Hebrew Aram and its subdivisions are spoken of under ARAM. Syria proper was bounded by Amanus and Taurus on the north by the Euphrates and the Arabian desert on the east, by Palestine on the south, by the Mediterranean near the mouth of the Orontes, and then by Phoenicia on the west. This tract is about 300 miles long from north to south, and from 50 to 150 miles broad. It contains an area of about 30,000 square miles. General physical features. — The general character of the tract is mountainous, as the Hebrew name Aram (from a roof signifying "height") sufficiently implies. The most fertile and valuable tract of Syria is the long valley intervening between Libanus and Anti-Libanus. Of the various mountain ranges of Syria, Lebanon possesses the greatest interest. It extends from the mouth of the Litany to Arka, a distance of nearly 100 miles. Anti-Libanus, as the name implies, stands lover against Lebanon, running in the same direction, i.e. nearly north and south, and extending the same length. [LEBANON] The principal rivers of Syria are the Litany and the Orontes. The Litany springs from a small lake situated in the middle of the Coele-Syrian valley, about six miles to the southwest of Baalbek. It enters the sea about five miles north of Tyre. The source of the Orontes is but about 15 miles from that of the Litany. Its modern name is the Nahr-el-Asi, or "rebel stream," an appellation given to it on account of its violence and impetuosity in many parts of its course. The chief towns of Syria may be thus arranged, as nearly as possible in the order of their importance: 1, Antioch; 2, Damascus; 3, Apamea; 4, Seleucia; 5, Tadmor or Palmyra; 6, Laodicea; 7, Epiphania (Hamath); 8, Samosata; 9, Hierapolis (Mabug); 10, Chalybon; 11, Emesa; 12, Heliopolis; 13, Laodicea ad Libanum; 14, Cyrrhus; 15, Chalcis; 16, Poseideum; 17, Heraclea; 18, Gindarus; 19, Zeugma; 20, Thapsacus. Of these, Samosata, Zeugma and Thapsacus are on the Euphrates; Seleucia, Laodicea, Poseideum and Heraclea, on the seashore, Antioch, Apamea, Epiphania and Emesa ( Hems ), on the Orontes; Heliopolis and Laodicea ad Libanum, in Coele-Syria; Hierapolis, Chalybon, Cyrrhus, Chalcis and Gindarns, in the northern highlands; Damascus on the skirts, and Palmyra in the centre, of the eastern desert. History. --The first occupants of Syria appear to have been of Hamitic descent — Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, etc. After a while the first comers, who were still to a great extent nomads, received a Semitic infusion, while most Probably came to them from the southeast. The only Syrian town whose existence we find distinctly marked at this time is Damascus Genesis 14:15; 15:2, which appears to have been already a place of some importance. Next to Damascus must be placed Hamath Numbers 13:21; 34:8. Syria at this time, and for many centuries afterward, seems to have been broken up among a number of petty kingdoms. The Jews first come into hostile contact with the Syrians, under that name, in the time of David Genesis 15:18; II Samuel 8:3,4,13. When, a few years later, the Ammonites determined on engaging in a war with David, and applied to the Syrians for aid, Zolah, together with Beth-rehob sent them 20,000 footmen, and two other Syrian kingdoms furnished 13,000 II Samuel 10:6. This army being completely defeated by Joab, Hadadezer obtained aid from Mesopotamia, ibid. ver. 16, and tried the chance of a third battle, which likewise went against him, and produced the general submission of Syria to the Jewish monarch. The submission thus begun continued under the reign of Solomon I Kings 4:21. The only part of Syria which Solomon lost seems to have been Damascus, where an independent kingdom was set up by Rezon, a native of Zobah I Kings 11:23-25. On the separation of the two kingdoms, soon after the accession of Rehoboam, the remainder of Syria no doubt shook off the yoke. Damascus now became decidedly the leading state, Hamath being second to it, and the northern Hittites, whose capital was Carchemish, near Bambuk , third. [DAMASCUS] Syria became attached to the great Assyrian empire, from which it passed to the Babylonians, and from them to the Persians, In B.C. 333 it submitted to Alexander without a struggle. Upon the death of Alexander, Syria became, for the first time the head of a great kingdom. On the division of the provinces among his generals, B.C. 321, Seleucus Nicator received Mesopotamia and Syria. The city of Antioch was begun in B.C. 300, and, being finished in a few years, was made the capital of Seleucus' kingdom. The country grew rich with the wealth which now flowed into it on all sides. Syria was added to the Roman empire by Pompey, B.C. 64, and as it holds an important place, not only in the Old Testament but in the New, some account of its condition under the Romans must be given. While the country generally was formed into a Roman province, under governors who were at first proprietors or quaestors, then procounsuls, and finally legates, there were exempted from the direct rule of the governor in the first place, a number of "free cities" which retained the administration of their own affairs, subject to a tribute levied according to the Roman principles of taxation; secondly, a number of tracts, which were assigned to petty princes, commonly natives, to be ruled at their pleasure, subject to the same obligations with the free cities as to taxation. After the formal division of the provinces between Augustus and the senate, Syria, being from its exposed situation among the province principis, were ruled by legates, who were of consular rank (consulares) and bore severally the full title of "Legatus Augusti pro praetore." Judea occupied a peculiar position; a special procurator was therefore appointed to rule it, who was subordinate to the governor of Syria, but within his own province had the power of a legatus. Syria continued without serious disturbance from the expulsion of the Parthians, B.C. 38, to the breaking out of the Jewish war, A.D. 66. in A.D. 44-47 it was the scene of a severe famine. A little earlier, Christianity had begun to spread into it, partly by means of those who "were scattered" at the time of Stephen's persecution Acts 11:19, partly by the exertions of St. Paul Galatians 1:21. The Syrian Church soon grew to be one of the most flourishing Acts 13:1; 15:23, 35, 41 etc. (Syria remained under Roman and Byzantine rule till A.D. 634, when it was overrun by the Mohammedans; after which it was for many years the scene of fierce contests, and was finally subjugated by the Turks, A.D. 1517, under whose rule it still remains. — ED.)”.
Mo'abites=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4124, - מוֹאָב, - mô'âb, pronounced - mo-awb, and means: From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix “m-” and H1; from (her (the mother’s)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants: - Moab. Total KJV occurrences: 181., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Mo'abites. Moab was the son of the Lot's eldest daughter, the progenitor of the Moabites. Zoar was the cradle of the race of Lot. From this centre the brother tribes spread themselves. The Moabites first inhabited the rich highlands which crown the eastern side of the chasm of the Dead Sea, extending as far north as the mountain of Gilead, from which country they expelled the Emims, the original inhabitants Deuteronomy 2:11, but they themselves were afterward driven southward by the warlike Amorites, who had crossed the Jordan, and were confined to the country south of the river Arnon, which formed their northern boundary Numbers 21:13; Judges 11:18. The territory occupied by Moab at the period of its greatest extent, before the invasion of the Amorites, divided itself naturally into three distinct and independent portions: — (1) The enclosed corner or canton south of the Arnon was the "field of Moab" . Ruth 1:1,2,6 etc. (2) The more open rolling country north of the Arnon, opposite Jericho, and up to the hills of Gilead, was the "land of Moab" Deuteronomy 1:5; 32:49 etc. (3) The sunk district in the tropical depths of the Jordan valley Numbers 22:1 etc. The Israelites, in entering the promised land, did not pass through the Moabites Judges 11:18, but conquered the Amorites, who occupied the country from which the Moabites had been so lately expelled. After the conquest of Canaan the relations of Moab with Israel were of a mixed character, sometimes warlike and sometimes peaceable. With the tribe of Benjamin they had at least one severe struggle, in union with their kindred the Ammonites Judges 3:12-30. The story of Ruth, on the other hand, testifies to the existence of a friendly intercourse between Moab and Bethlehem, one of the towns of Judah. By his descent from Ruth, David may be said to have had Moabite blood in his veins. He committed his parents to the protection of the king of Moab, when hard pressed by Saul I Samuel 22:3,4. But here all friendly relations stop forever. The next time the name is mentioned is in the account of David's war, who made the Moabites tributary II Samuel 8:2; I Chronicles 18:2. At the disruption of the kingdom Moab seems to have fallen to the northern realm. At the death of Ahab the Moabites refused to pay tribute and asserted their independence, making war upon the kingdom of Judah II Chronicles 22:1. As a natural consequence of the late events, Israel, Judah and Edom united in an attack on Moab, resulting in the complete overthrow of the Moabites. Falling back into their own country, they were followed and their cities and farms destroyed. Finally, shut up within the walls of his own capital, the king, Mesha, in the sight of the thousands who covered the sides of that vast amphitheater, killed and burnt his child as a propitiatory sacrifice to the cruel gods of his country. Isaiah, Isaiah 15; 16; 25:10-12 predicts the utter annihilation of the Moabites; and they are frequently denounced by the subsequent prophets. For the religion of the Moabites see CHEMOSH ; MOLECH ; PEOR . See also Tristram's "Land of Moab." Present condition. — (Noldeke says that the extinction of the Moabites was about A.D. 200, at the time when the Yemen tribes Galib and Gassara entered the eastern districts of the Jordan. Since A.D. 536 the last trace of the name Moab, which lingered in the town of Kir-moab, has given place to Kerak , its modern name. Over the whole region are scattered many ruins of ancient cities; and while the country is almost bare of larger vegetation, it is still a rich pasture-ground, with occasional fields of grain. The land thus gives evidence of its former wealth and power. — ED.)”.
Ammon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5983, - עַמּוֹן, - ‛ammôn, pronounced - am-mone', and means: From H5971; tribal, that is, inbred; Ammon, a son of Lot; also his posterity and their country: - Ammon, Ammonites. Total KJV occurrences: 105., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Am'monites, Children of Ammon, A people descended from Ben-ammi, the son of Lot by his younger daughter Genesis 19:38. Compare with Psalms 83:7-8. The Ammonites are frequently mentioned with the Moabites (descendants of Ben-ammi's half-brother), and sometimes under the same name. Compare with Judges 10:6; II Chronicles 20:1; Zephaniah 2:8 etc.. The precise position of the territory of the Ammonites is not ascertainable. In the earliest mention of them Deuteronomy 2:20, they are said to have dwelt in their place, Jabbok being their border Numbers 21:24; Deuteronomy 2:37; and 3:16 (i.e. Land or country is, however, but rarely ascribed to them. Their capital city was Rabbath, called also Rabbath Ammon on the Jabbok. We find everywhere traces of the fierce habits of maranders in their incursions I Samuel 11:2; and Amos 1:13 and a very high degree of crafty cruelty to their toes Jeremiah 41:6-7; and Judges 17:11-12. Moab was the settled and civilized half of the nation of Lot, and Ammon formed its predatory and Bedouin section. On the west of Jordan they never obtained a footing. The hatred in which the Ammonites were held by Israel is stated to have arisen partly from their denial of assistance Deuteronomy 23:4, to the Israelites on their approach to Canaan. But whatever its origin the animosity continued in force to the latest date. The tribe was governed by a king Judges 11:12, etc.; I Samuel 12:12; II Samuel 10:1; Jeremiah 40:14 and by "princes" II Samuel 10:3; and I chronicles 19:3. The god of the tribe was Molech, and they were gross idolaters.”.
Judah= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3063, - יהוּדה, - yehûdâh, pronounced - yeh-hoo-daw', and means: From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory: - Judah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if not all, of the territory of Simeon I Samuel 27:6; I Kings 19:3, compare with Joshua 19:1 and of Dan II Chronicles 11:10, compare with Joshua 19:41,42. Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim II Chronicles 13:19; 15:8; 17:2. It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. — The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years. History. -- The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance II Chronicles 16:7, prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David.”.
II Kings 24:3 Surely at the commandment of the LORD came this upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight, for the sins of Manasseh (causing to forget; or, forgetting) (men-ash-sheh'), according to all that he did; —> Don't lose sight of Who brought this about and Why He did so. Judah's worst king Man-ash-sheh' had re-instituted all the abominable idolatrous worship practices his father, the righteous king, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo (Hezekiah) had removed when he was king, and sadly, the People were only too happy to return to their evil practices and ways; as, they missed their sodomite filled orgies and worship of false gods and idols.
Manasseh=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4519, - מנשּׁה, - menashsheh, pronounced - men-ash-sheh', and means: From H5382; causing to forget; Menashsheh, Thirteenth king of the House of Judah: - Manasseh.; and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The thirteenth king of Judah, son of Hezekiah II Kings 20:21, ascended the throne at the age of twelve, and reigned 55 years. His accession was the signal for an entire change in the religious administration of the kingdom. Idolatry was again established to such an extent that every faith was tolerated but the old faith of Israel. The Babylonian alliance which the king formed against Assyria resulted in his being made prisoner and carried off to Babylon in the twenty-second year of his reign, according to a Jewish tradition. There his eyes were opened and he repented, and his prayer was heard and the Lord delivered him II Chronicles 33:12-13, and he returned after some uncertain interval of time to Jerusalem. The altar of the Lord was again restored, and peace offerings and thank offerings were sacrificed to Jehovah II Chronicles 38:15-16. But beyond this the reformation did not go. On his death, he was buried as Ahaz had been, not with the burial of a king, in the sepulchres of the house of David, but in the garden of Uzza II Kings 21:26, and long afterward, in suite of his repentance, the Jews held his name in abhorrence.”.
II Kings 24:4 And also for the innocent blood that he shed: for he filled Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace) with innocent blood; which the LORD would not pardon. —> Man-ash-sheh' also shed innocent blood, in other words, he murdered innocent people much as Jezebel had had Naboth and his sons murdered in Israel and our Father doesn't look too kindly upon murderers. After Man-ash-sheh' did indeed murder innocents what did the People do? Did they raise a stink or try and remove him from power? Nope, they were pleased with his actions and let him continue; however, Father wasn't pleased with either Man-ash-sheh' or His Children and now they're reaping their just rewards.
We read some pretty strong words from Father in Jeremiah 15: Jeremiah 15:1 Then said the LORD unto me, Though Moses and Samuel stood before me, yet my mind could not be toward this people: cast them out of my sight, and let them go forth. [15:2] And it shall come to pass, if they say unto thee, Whither shall we go forth? then thou shalt tell them, Thus saith the LORD; Such as are for death, to death; and such as are for the sword, to the sword; and such as are for the famine, to the famine; and such as are for the captivity, to the captivity. [15:3] And I will appoint over them four kinds, saith the LORD: the sword to slay, and the dogs to tear, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the earth, to devour and destroy. [15:4] And I will cause them to be removed into all kingdoms of the earth, because of Manasseh the son of Hezekiah king of Judah, for that which he did in Jerusalem. [15:5] For who shall have pity upon thee, O Jerusalem? or who shall bemoan thee? or who shall go aside to ask how thou doest? [15:6] Thou hast forsaken me, saith the LORD, thou art gone backward: therefore will I stretch out my hand against thee, and destroy thee; I am weary with repenting. —> They had rejected Father, and here, Father goes so far as to say that, even if either Moses or Samuel were standing before Him pleading for Him to spare Judah, He would not do so.
Jerusalem=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3389, - ירוּשׁלם , or ירוּשׁלים , - Yerûshâlaim, or Yerûshâlayim pronounced - Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im, or Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-yim , and means: A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine: - Jerusalem.. The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.
II Kings 24:5 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? —> II Chronicles 36:8 reads with just a little more detail than it reads here: II Chronicles 36:8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found in him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead. —> They absolutely are written and recorded in both Books, and none of it good obviously. He too picked up with the idolatrous ways, worship and practices.
I like what Josephus wrote concerning Yeh-ho-yaw-keem', so, let's read it too: “But on the third year, upon hearing that the king of the Babylonians made an expedition against the Egyptians, he did not pay his tribute; yet was he disappointed of his hope, for the Egyptians durst not fight at this time. And indeed the prophet Jeremiah foretold every day, how vainly they relied on their hopes from Egypt, and how the city would be overthrown by the king of Babylon, and Jehoiakim the king would be subdued by him. But what he thus spake proved to be of no advantage to them, because there were none that should escape; for both the multitude and the rulers, when they heard him, had no concern about what they heard; but being displeased at what was said, as if the prophet were a diviner against the king, they accused Jeremiah, and bringing him before the court, they required that a sentence and a punishment might be given against him. Now all the rest gave their votes for his condemnation, but the elders refused, who prudently sent away the prophet from the court of [the prison], and persuaded the rest to do Jeremiah no harm; for they said that he was not the only person who foretold what would come to the city, but that Micah signified the same before him, as well as many others, none of which suffered any thing of the kings that then reigned, but were honored as the prophets of God. So they mollified the multitude with these words, and delivered Jeremiah from the punishment to which he was condemned. Now when this prophet had written all his prophecies, and the people were fasting, and assembled at the temple, on the ninth month of the fifth year of Jehoiakim, he read the book he had composed of his predictions of what was to befall the city, and the temple, and the multitude. And when the rulers heard of it, they took the book from him, and bid him and Baruch the scribe to go their ways, lest they should be discovered by one or other; but they carried the book, and gave it to the king; so he gave order, in the presence of his friends, that his scribe should take it, and read it. When the king heard what it contained, he was angry, and tore it, and cast it into the fire, where it was consumed. He also commanded that they should seek for Jeremiah, and Baruch the scribe, and bring them to him, that they might be punished. However, they escaped his anger. Now, a little time afterwards, the king of Babylon made an expedition against Jehoiakim, whom he received [into the city], and this out of fear of the foregoing predictions of this prophet, as supposing he should suffer nothing that was terrible, because he neither shut the gates, nor fought against him; yet when he was come into the city, he did not observe the covenants he had made, but he slew such as were in the flower of their age, and such as were of the greatest dignity, together with their king Jehoiakim, whom he commanded to be thrown before the walls, without any burial; and made his son Jehoiachin king of the country, and of the city: he also took the principal persons in dignity for captives, three thousand in number, and led them away to Babylon; among which was the prophet Ezekiel, who was then but young. And this was the end of king Jehoiakim, when he had lived thirty-six years, and of them reigned eleven.”.
II Kings 24:6 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin (YHVH will establish; or, whom YAH has appointed) (Yeh-ho-yaw-keen’) his son reigned in his stead. —> Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' is the only king whose burial is not recorded, and that is because he wasn't actually buried. We read in Jeremiah 22:18 and following, what Father thought: Jeremiah 22:18 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament for him, saying, ‘Ah my brother!’ or, ‘Ah sister!’ they shall not lament for him, saying, ‘Ah lord!’ or, ‘Ah his glory!’ [22:19] He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem. —> Here, father says that he'd be buried with the burial of an ass, though everybody knows that we don't hold funerals for asses; therefore, Father was telling us that he wasn't buried. We don't really know what happened to his body as Father's Word doesn't say; but, Josephus records that his dead carcass was thrown against one of the city walls, where it was left to decay to nothingness.
Jehoiachin=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3078, - יְהוֹיָכִין, - yehôyâkı̂yn, pronounced - yeh-ho-yaw-keen', and means: From H3068 and H3559; Jehovah will establish; Jehojakin, a Jewish king: - Jehoiachin. Compare H3112. Total KJV occurrences: 10., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The son of Jehoiakim, and for three months and ten days king of Judah. At his accession Jerusalem was quite defenseless, and unable to offer any resistance to the army which Nebuchadnezzar sent to besiege it II Kings 24:10,11. In a very short time Jehoiachin surrendered at discretion; and he, and the queen-mother, and all his servants, captains and officers, came out and gave themselves up to Nebuchadnezzar, who carried them, with the harem and the eunuchs, to Babylon Jeremiah 29:2; Ezekiel 17:12; 19:9. There he remained a prisoner, actually in prison and wearing prison garments, for thirty-six years, viz., till the death of Nebuchadnezzar, when Evilmerodach, succeeding to the throne of Babylon, brought him out of prison, and made him sit at this own table. The time of his death is uncertain.”.
24:7 Event. Non-invasion from Egypt.
24:7 Event. Reason.
II Kings 24:7 And the king of Egypt (land of the copts) (mits-rah'-yim) came not again any more out of his land: for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates (to break forth; rushing; Perath (that is, Euphrates); or, the good and abounding river (per-awth') all that pertained to the king of Egypt. —> Yeah, the king of Egypt didn’t come out anymore because the king of Babylon was in control of all the land from the Nile River in Egypt, all the way to the Euphrates, and all the land that the king of Egypt had taken during his war with Assyria. It was that war which had claimed the life of Yo-she-yaw-hoo’. The first siege took place by the Assyrians; then came the Pharaoh and his siege, and now Babylon is moved against Jerusalem with another siege. There were three sieges against Jerusalem. Now that Jerusalem would fall to Babylon, Nebuchadnezzar would appoint caretaker kings to look after the affairs of the people of Jerusalem.
Egypt=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H4714, - מצרים, - Mitsrayim, pronounced - Mits-rah'-yim, and means: Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt: - Egypt, Egyptians, Mizraim., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A country occupying the northeast angle of Africa. Its limits appear always to have been very nearly the same. It is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by Palestine, Arabia and the Red Sea, on the south by Nubia, and on the west by the Great Desert. It is divided into upper Egypt—the valley of the Nile—and lower Egypt, the plain of the Delta, from the Greek letter; it is formed by the branching mouths of the Nile, and the Mediterranean Sea. The portions made fertile by the Nile comprise about 9582 square geographical miles, of which only about 5600 is under cultivation. — Encyclopedia Britannica. The Delta extends about 200 miles along the Mediterranean, and Egypt Isaiah 520 miles long from north to south from the sea to the First Cataract. NAMES. — The common name of Egypt in the Bible is "Mizraim." It is in the dual number, which indicates the two natural divisions of the country into an upper and a lower region. The Arabic name of Egypt—Mizr—signifies "red mud." Egypt is also called in the Bible "the land of Ham" Psalm 105:23,27, with which we can compare with Psalm 78:51. — A name most probably referring to Ham the son of Noah — and "Rahab," the proud or insolent: these appear to be poetical appellations. The common ancient Egyptian name of the country is written in hieroglyphics Kem, which was perhaps pronounced Chem. This name signifies, in the ancient language and in Coptic, "black," on account of the blackness of its alluvial soil. We may reasonably conjecture that Kem is the Egyptian equivalent of Ham. GENERAL APPEARANCE, CLIMATE, ETC. — The general appearance of the country cannot have greatly changed since the days of Moses. The whole country is remarkable for its extreme fertility, which especially strikes the beholder when the rich green of the fields is contrasted with the utterly bare, yellow mountains or the sand-strewn rocky desert on either side. The climate is equable and healthy. Rain is not very infrequent on the northern coast, but inland is very rare. Cultivation nowhere depends upon it. The inundation of the Nile fertilizes and sustains the country, and makes the river its chief blessing. The Nile was on this account anciently worshipped. The rise begins in Egypt about the summer solstice, and the inundation commences about two months later. The greatest height is attained about or somewhat after the autumnal equinox. The inundation lasts about three months. The atmosphere, except on the seacoast, is remarkably dry and clear, which accounts for the so perfect preservation of the monuments, with their pictures and inscriptions. The heat is extreme during a large part of the year. The winters are mild, — from 50.”.
Euphrates=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6578, - פְּרָת, - perâth, pronounced - per-awth', and means: From an unused root meaning to break forth; rushing; Perath (that is, Euphrates), a river of the East: - Euphrates. Total KJV occurrences: 19., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Is probably a word of Aryan origin, signifying "the good and abounding river." It is most frequently denoted in the Bible by the term "the river." The Euphrates is the largest, the longest and by far the most important of the rivers of western Asia. It rises from two chief sources in the Armenian mountains, and flows into the Persian Gulf. The entire course Isaiah 1780miles, and of this distance more than two-thirds (1200 miles) is navigable for boats. The width of the river is greatest at the distance of 700 or 800 miles from its mouth --that is to say, from it junction with the Khabour to the village of Werai . It there averages 400 yards. The annual inundation of the Euphrates is caused by the melting of the snows in the Armenian highlands. It occurs in the month of May. The great hydraulic works ascribed to Nebuchadnezzar had for their chief object to control the inundation. The Euphrates is first mentioned in Scripture as one of the four rivers of Eden Genesis 2:14. We next hear of it in the covenant made with Abraham Genesis 15:18. During the reigns of David and Solomon it formed the boundary of the promised land to the northeast Deuteronomy 11:24; Joshua 1:4. Prophetical reference to the Euphrates is found in Jeremiah 13:4-7; 46:2-10; 51:63; Revelation 9:14; 16:12. "The Euphrates is linked with the most important events in ancient history. On its banks stood the city of Babylon; the army of Necho was defeated on its banks by Nebuchadnezzar; Cyrus the Younger and Crassus perished after crossing it; Alexander crossed it, and Trajan and Severus descended it." --Appleton's Cyc.”.
24:8 Event. Internal. Ascension.
II Kings 24:8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. And his mother's name was Nehushta (copper; or, brass) (nekh-oosh-taw'), the daughter of Elnathan (YAH [is the] giver; or, Yah hath given) (el-naw-thawn') of Jerusalem. —> Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' in I Chronicles 3:16,17; Esther 2:6; Jeremiah 24:1; 27:20; 28:4; and 29:2 is called Yek-o-neh-yaw' (Jeconiah), and in the Book of Jeremiah Father changed it from Jeconiah to Kon-yaw'-hoo (Coniah) (Jeremiah 22:24,28; 37:1 in the latter, Father dropped the “Je” (=JeHoVaH or YHVH) or better put, Father cut the “Je” off of his name as, he was a Godless sort.
Eighteen years old=Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' was 18 when he took over the reigns by himself, what I mean to say is that, we can read in II Chronicles 36:9 that he was 8 years old when he began to reign, the reason for the 10 year difference is because he actually began to co-reign while his father Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' was taken into captivity even though was credited with still being king over Judah. Anyway, Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' took complete control of the Nation when he was 18 and he only reigned for 3 months, and as we'll read in the next verse, being a complete fool and continuing his father's evil wicked ways.
Nehushta=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5179, - נְחֻשְׁתָּא, - nechûshtâ', pronounced - nekh-oosh-taw', and means: From H5178; copper; Nechushta, an Israelitess: - Nehushta. Total KJV occurrences: 1., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem, wife of Jehoiakim and mother of Jehoiachin, kings of Judah II Kings 24:8.”.
Elnathan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H494, - אלנתן, - 'elnâthân, pronounced - el-naw-thawn', and means: From H410 and H5414; God (is the) giver; Elnathan, the name of four Israelites: - Elnathan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The maternal grandfather of Jehoiachin II Kings 24:8, the same with Elnathan the son of Achbor Jeremiah 26:22; 36:12,25.”.
24:9 Personal character.
II Kings 24:9 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father had done. —> Never learning, never comprehending that their own action were bring their own demise upon themselves.
Why so short a time? What caused Yeh-ho-yaw-keen's reign to be cut short? Let's continue reading and we'll find out.
24:10-17 Events. External.
24:10-17 EVENTS. EXTERNAL.
24:10 Nebuchadnezzar besieges
II Kings 24:10 At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and the city was besieged. —> Father's servant Nebuchadnezzar sent his army and servants up to Jerusalem to begin the second siege of the Nation. Remember, at this time the city of Jerusalem was still pretty heavily fortified; or, protected by the thick walls which had been built many years previous; so, this siege by Nebuchadnezzar and his army wasn't just a pushover; but, at the same time, it wasn't really all that difficult either; for, remember also that Nebuchadnezzar already had Yeh-ho-yaw-keen's father in captivity, so he could exert pressure on the young teenager.
24:11 Nebuchadnezzar besieges
II Kings 24:11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, and his servants did besiege it. —> It didn't take long before Judah and Jerusalem fell and when Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' submitted.
And=This is a Hebrew figure of speech, and in this case it is known as a "polysyndeton" and it means that there is much more that took place than what is actually being said in the verse. We'll be careful to note these “and(s)” in this and the next five verses, which are put in Father's Word to emphasize every detail of what actually transpired during this besiegement.
24:12 Yeh-ho-yaw-keen’ surrenders.
24:12-16 Yeh-ho-yaw-keen’ made
II Kings 24:12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. —> The eighth year of his reign=We read in verse 24:8 that Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' was 18 years old when he began to reign and that he reigned for only 3 months; but, now, we read here that Nebuchadnezzar took him in his 8th year of his reign. Father's Word does not contradict itself, as I stated in my explanation of verse 24:8, Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' was placed in charge as king—he co-ruled with his father who had more or less put him in charge—even though his father was king; but, in captivity to Nebuchadnezzar.
Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' surrendered to Nebuchadnezzar and when he did so, he not only turned himself over to Nebuchadnezzar; but, also his own mother, his princes and officers, his servants, and his eunuchs and chamberlains too. These were just the people listed,—which Josephus says, and verse 24:14 below confirms—numbered 10,832, now we'll also read of what else Nebuchadnezzar took.
II Kings 24:13 And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon (peaceful; or, peaceful) (shel-o-mo’) king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said. —> Carried out=This taking of the treasuries of both Father’s House, and the king’s treasuries, and also the sacking of Father's Temple and the city should not have been a surprise to Yeh-ho-yaw-keen’; or, anybody else for that matter as, Father’s Prophet Isaiah had prophesied over a hundred years prior that this is exactly what would happen. Why did he prophesy so? Because Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo (Hezekiah) had taken the ambassadors of Berodach-baladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, into Father’s house, and into his own treasury in order to show off all that he had, including his military strength, Isaiah told him that Babylon would come in time and take all that was in Judah. We can read of all this in II Kings 20: II Kings 20:12 At that time Berodach-baladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present unto Hezekiah: for he had heard that Hezekiah had been sick. —> Sent letters and a present=So, no sooner had Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo recovered from the illness which had nearly claimed his life when, this Berodach, or Merodach, sends letters and presents to him, we read in II Chronicles 32:22-23 that it wasn't only Berodach who sent letters and presents, there were many other kings who had also done so, and it caused Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's head to swell; because, he now had very much riches,—of which he was boasting by way of wanting everybody to know about—which replenished what San-khay-reeb' had taken from him in II Kings 18:15-16; see, that depletion of San-khay-reeb's wasn't only of his treasuries; but, those of Father's Temple as well. As far as this Berodach and his sending letters and presents is concerned though, why did he do so, do you think it was in order to just play nice-nice, or wish him niceties for getting better? No, of course it wasn't as; these letters and presents were meant to achieve exactly what they did bring about, meaning that, through flattery, the King of Baw-bel' accomplished what San-khay-reeb' the king of terrors could not, i.e., defeat and over-throw Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, and take Jerusalem and all the House of Judah into captivity. Brethren, these letters and presents were more potent than all San-khay-reeb's army, and if you'll recall from II Kings 8 and 9, and II Chronicles 18 when Ahab and Jezebel married off their daughter Athaliah to Jehoram, and when Ahab had even made a feast for Jehoshaphat in order for him to join him in war against Ramoth-gilead, that those two incidents were not nearly as effective as these letters will be. II Kings 20:13 And Hezekiah hearkened unto them, and shewed them all the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not. —> After Father had Blessed Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo with an extended life, and all the other blessings He abundantly bestowed upon him, pride entered into his heart,—this should remind you of someone else, namely, Father’s and our adversary, satan, whom Father had Blessed during the First Earth Age when we were all in still our Spiritual bodies, by elevating his status to Protector of Father’s Mercy Seat; however, pride then entered into satan’s heart and he no longer wanted to be just protector of Father’s Mercy Seat, he now wanted to sit in that Seat and be god—and when these men from Baw-bel’ came with their many gifts and flattering words, there was nothing that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo wouldn’t do for, or show these ambassadors as; he wanted everybody to see all his riches. Not only did Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo take them to and show them his gold and silver; but, he also walked them through his spice house, in which were all the known spices of the world, and showed them all his lotions, perfumes, and oils. He had even taken them on a tour and showed them all of Judah’s armories, defensive fortifications, and positions on the wall; and, then went so far as to show these men the secret places in his own house. There wasn’t anything that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo wouldn’t do for or show these men, all because of his pride in how Father had richly Blessed him. Remember brethren, Baw-bel’ was the enemy, and Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo had no business revealing all the defensive locations of the city to these men. Father blessed Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo well for his desire to please Father. He was a good king, and a good Spiritual leader and therefore, Jerusalem and the kingdom of Judah were the better because of it. Father gave him the additional fifteen years in order for him to have an heir and successor after he returned Home to Father. However, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo boasted and showed these men of Baw-bel’ just how Father had blessed him; but, these men of Baw-bel’ had no inkling of knowledge of Father. So, how do you think Father felt about what Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo did here in showing off the wealth and might of Judah to this pack of heathens? I’ll tell you, He wasn’t pleased in the least bit with Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo’s boasting. See, Father wanted Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo to tell all these heathens the truth, and say that He added the fifteen years to his life; however, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo never said one thing about Father, or that it was He; but, he in turn boasted, and elevated himself before these enemies. Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo will pay a price for this sin of pride. We can read in II Chronicles 32, why Father did this to him: II Chronicles 32:31 Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart. —> These ambassadors from Baw-bel’ came to bring their king’s gifts to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo and Father allowed these ambassadors to come and do what they did, why? As we just read, in order to try Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo to see what was in his heart. Father wanted to know exactly what kind of man he was, could He really trust Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo when the trouble came? Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo really could have elevated Father and His kingdom here; but, instead he boasted of his own self-image and interests. Brethren, don't think for a moment that Father won't try you from time to time. When He has Blessed you, and has pulled you through a problem which had been controlling things in your life, did you share the source of that gain and tell them that it was Father Who pulled you through; or, did you tell them that you just overcame the problem? Here Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo failed Father’s test of him. II Kings 20:14 Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, “What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee?” And Hezekiah said, “They are come from a far country, even from Babylon.” —> As soon as Mer-o-dak's ambassadors had departed, Father's Prophet Yesh-aw-yaw'-hoo comes to see Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo to inquire as to who they were, and the nature of their visit,—yeah, like Father YHVH hadn't already laid it on his heart as to who they were, and why they were there; and it was for that reason I feel that Yesh-aw-yaw'-hoo's addressing of Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo was more of a pointed barb, rather than a question—and Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo tells Yesh-aw-yaw'-hoo that they were ambassadors who had come from a far away country, a great country, and they were there in order to bring him gifts and well wishes. Brethren, you can almost hear Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo wanting to burst with joy in his description as to who these ambassadors were, and from whence they came in his statement “even from Baw-bel.” II Kings 20:15 And he said, “What have they seen in thine house?” And Hezekiah answered, “All the things that are in mine house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not shewed them.” —> Yesh-aw-yaw'-hoo next asks him what he had showed them; and, still bursting with joy and pride in himself at their amazement at all his wealth, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo proudly proclaims that he showed them everything within the kingdom; that, there wasn't any crevise, crook, or cranny that he hadn't opened for their inspection and look-see. II Kings 20:16 And Isaiah said unto Hezekiah, “Hear the word of the LORD. —> Uh-ho, that's probably what was probably the first thought that went through Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's mind once Yesh-aw-yaw'-hoo spoke the words "Hear now the word of the LORD. Me thinks that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo now realizes that rather than open the kingdom for the ambassadors from Baw-bel', he should have been telling them how it was Father YHVH Who had restored his life and bestowed the wealth he was now enjoying. I recommend to you brethren, if your pride ever gets inflated as much as Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's here in these verses; you better return to these verses and re-read what Father thinks and then says to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo through His Prophet Yesh-aw-yaw'-hoo. Pride was satan's downfall and he will get his at the end of Jesus' 1,000 year Millennium, when he gets tossed into the Lake of Fire and suffers the Second Death — the death of the soul. II Kings 20:17 ‘Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store unto this day, shall be carried into Babylon: nothing shall be left,’ saith the LORD. —> All=Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo showed the ambassadors all, and therefore, Father was going to punish him for all. We read in the Book of Chronicles though; that, it isn't just Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo who'll be punished as; it wasn't just Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo who sinned, it was all, everybody, everybody in Jerusalem, and even all of Judah who had sinned, and therefore, Father's wrath will be poured out upon everybody. This was a pretty astounding prophesy considering that, to this point in time Baw-bel' was of little consequence because, Baw-bel' had not yet reached its level of power that it will come into. II Kings 20:18 ‘And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.’ ” —> Of thy sons=At present Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo isn't married, nor does he have any children; therefore, this is in reference to a future time,—Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo didn't marry until after Father added the fifteen years to his life, and his son, the heir apparent Manasseh, won't actually be born until the third year of Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's additional fifteen years—and is in reference to all the inhabitants of Judah. Here, Father is telling the House of Judah that captivity to Baw-bel' is in their future, He said it and it will come to pass exactly as He said it will. Why will they go into captivity? Because of Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's pride, because of the pride of all the inhabitants of Judah, because of their idolatry, and because of their next king, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's son — Manasseh, who'll be the worst king in all of Judah's history. Eunuchs=If they were indeed to become “eunuchs” then, there would be no more seed to pass on of the royal family through the sons of the king. Have you ever heard of Daniel and Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, they were the king's seed from the house of Judah. They were the princes who were taken away to become the eunuchs in the palace of king Nebuchadnezzar. Remember, Nebuchadnezzar had sent these kids to school, gave them the finest education of the day, and then even put them into top positions of responsibility in his kingdom. The name “Nebuchadnezzar” means, “the god of learning.” Books and knowledge is what Nebuchadnezzar built his kingdom upon, and Father used Nebuchadnezzar and old Baw-bel’ to symbolically describe what the evil kingdom in the time of the end will be like. We read in Revelation 17: Revelation 17:5 And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. —> It will be through this "Mystery, Babylon the Great," that the mother of harlots and abominations of the end times will come. Father’s and our adversary satan will set up his new world order religious system to replace the political system that we know today, and from that satan in his role as the pretend-to-be-christ will declare himself to be God, and all the people of the world will believe him. All that is, except Father's Elect, those who are sealed in their minds with Father’s Truth. Those things which happened in Daniel's day were types, or as Paul put it in I Corinthians 10 ensamples, of how things shall be in this final generation of flesh man. Stop and look around you, see if you notice the four hidden dynasties of Economics, Education, Politics and Religion. Besides Religion, Education is probably the most important as; it takes the children while they are still young and molds their minds into receiving the foundation of the new world order, look at it today. Gosh, they’re teaching them to reject Father and His natural things, including their own sex, at Christmas time in our schools, songs of peace by the new world order and not the birth of Jesus Christ are being sung. Peace on earth, and the unity and brotherhood of all mankind the political correct way. The purpose is to set up an educated world in order to live in satan's new world order as good citizens. We read in Daniel 1: Daniel 1:2 And the LORD* gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god. —> This was prophecy fulfilled from what Isaiah spoke here II Kings 20:18, and it happened a little over 90 years later. LORD*=Dr. Bullinger notes in his Companion Bible that “This is one of the 134 places wherein the Sopherim inserted, or substituted “Adonai” for YHVH. Adonai is the LORD in His relation to the earth; and as carrying out His purposes of blessing in the earth. With this limitation it is almost equivalent to YHVH. Indeed, it was from an early date so used, by associating the vowel points of the word YHVH with Adon, thus converting Adon into Adonai. A list of 134 passages where this was deliberately done is preserved and given in the Massorah (107-115) see Dr. Bullinger's Companion Bible Appendix 32.”. I have indicated these by printing the word like YHVH—LORD—but, adding an asterisk, thus: LORD*. See also Dr. Bullinger's Companion Bible Appendix 30. [1:3] And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring certain of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes: —> These are the king's sons and members of the royal family. Ashpenaz is the "master of the eunuchs", and as such, the eunuchs are under him, and he rules over them. [1:4] Children in whom was no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding sciences, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans. —> Are you starting to get the picture yet? The king of the House of Judah sons are being groomed to be the servants of the king of Baw-bel’, they will be eunuchs who will not produce children, in order that they won't upset the order of things in Baw-bel’. Nebuchadnezzar knows that the educated of Judah are very wise, with much understanding and knowledge, and he wants the most competent to keep controls on his kingdom. [1:5] And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king. —> The ole king of Baw-bel’ took real good care of these children of Judah: he groomed them, educated them, and offered to feed them in the ways of the kingdom so that they would be able to take their appointed places within the one world system of that day; however, we know that they did not partake of the Baw-bel’ sustenance as; those of Baw-bel’ ate not according to Father’s Health Laws as did the Children and People of Judah. Notice though, that, it would be for three years in the preparation, and then the entering into the palace of the king. Brethren, this is a type of what is happening today, it is a type of the world system which is being set up all around right now, and it is time for you to prepare yourself so that, when the king of the latter days arrives on the scene, you will not be deceived by him. [1:6] Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Meshael, and Azariah. [1:7] Unto whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave unto Daniel the name of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Meshael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abed-nego. —> Ashpenaz gave Daniel and the others their names because they were eunuchs in the halls of the government of Baw-bel’. Though this was prophecy even in Daniel's day, it shall be, and is happening as prophecy before our eyes even today. The king’s children of Judah had become eunuchs in the courts of the world order of Baw-bel’ just as Father told Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo it would come to pass through the mouth of His Prophet Yesh-aw-yaw’-hoo. Those tablets which have been dug up containing of ancient writings of Baw-bel’, are now in the British museum and they support this writing of Father’s Word. So, here it is nearly a century later, and Father's Word has come to pass. Father said that He was going to allow Babylon to come in and clean the entire house out. This was the reason that Isaiah was killed by Manasseh a few years later.
Solomon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8010, - שׁלמה, - shelômôh, pronounced - shel-o-mo', and means: From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David’s successor: - Solomon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Solomon in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Solomon.
II Kings 24:14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land. —> This carrying away of the “cream of the crop” so to speak, happened eleven years before the deportation of Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo (Zedekiah) and included anybody and everybody who might have been able to band together at a later date in order to try and mount a rebellion. The only People who Nebuchadnezzar had left were people such as farmers who could work the land which now was in his possession, this means that these farmers were actually working for Nebuchadnezzar and not themselves.
The People Nebuchadnezzar had carried back to Babylon were princes and children of the wealthy who were sent to Babylonian schools in order to learn the Chaldee language and then to be used in various capacities in the Babylon empire.
II Kings 24:15 And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king's mother, and the king's wives, and his officers, and the mighty of the land, those carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon. —> In this move by Nebuchadnezzar, he left the Nation headless and rudderless, which is exactly what he wanted, a subservient, obedient nation.
With this taking of the Royal Family, the Nation of the House of Judah is now in captivity. Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' himself would be held captive for 37 years. Father through His Prophets told the Kings and the People time and again to change from their idolatrous ways and honor, love, serve, and worship Him; but, they refused to do so, so He next sent His Prophets who told the People that this was going to happen, and it has now come to pass. Several of His Prophets paid with their lives for doing Father's bidding, Prophets such as Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo (Isaiah) who was killed my Man-ash-sheh; Oo-ree-yaw'-hoo (Uriah), who was killed by Yeh-ho-yaw-keen'; then there were others of which we can read of in Father's Word: Yir-meh-yaw-hoo (Jeremiah), Tsef-an-yaw'-hoo (Zephaniah), and others, such as Daniel who was already in captivity when he began writing and prophesying; Yekh-ez-kale' (Ezekiel) and Nekh-em-yaw' (Nehemiah).
As for Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo, he was able to stay behind in Jerusalem and we can read in the Book named for him in Jeremiah 29 that, he sent his letter from Jerusalem to Babylon, to the residue of the elders which were carried away captives, and to the priests, and to the prophets, and to all the people whom Nebuchadnezzar had carried away captive from Jerusalem to Babylon, informing them that Father said all would be well with them, that they should continue to live their lives as though they were not in captivity, that they should build houses, and dwell in them; plant gardens and eat the fruit of them; take wives for their men, and beget sons and daughters; take wives for your sons, and give your daughters to husbands, that they may bear sons and daughters; that they may be increased there, and not diminished; that, this captivity would only last for 70 years, and then He would bring them out again.
II Kings 24:16 And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths a thousand, all that were strong and apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon. —> It was about this time that the false prophet Khan-an-yaw'-hoo (Hananiah) started falsely prophesying against Father and His Prophet Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo, saying, that, within 2 years, everything which had been carried away from Jerusalem and Judah to Babylon, would come back. This Khan-an-yaw'-hoo even when so far, as can be read in Jeremiah 28 to remove a yoke from off Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo's neck and broke it, falsely indicating that Father was going to remove the yoke of captivity from off of Judah's neck. Upon his doing so, Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo very sarcastically said, “AMEN,” and then proceeded to tell Khan-an-yaw'-hoo what Father truly had to say, which was that, though Khan-an-yaw'-hoo had broken the wooden yoke, Father was about to place a yoke of iron on the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and they shall serve him: and I have given him the beasts of the field also. Yir-meh-yaw'-hoo went on to say that because of Khan-an-yaw'-hoo's causing the people to believe in a lie, Father was going to bring Khan-an-yaw'-hoo Home to Him, which came to pass in that same year.
II Kings 24:17 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah (gift of YAH; or, gift of YHVH) (mat-tan-yaw'-hoo) his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah (right of YAH; or, justice of YHVH) (tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo). —> Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo, the youngest of Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's sons is now king; though, at birth, his father Yo-she-yaw'-hoo had named him Mat-an-yaw'-hoo. In this name change, we see who is really truly in charge, Nebuchadnezzar. Can you imagine, growing up with your name, and then somebody else coming along and having so much power over you where they change it and you're powerless to stop them?
Anyway, Nebuchadnezzar changed Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo's name and then placed him as a vassal king over the people who remained in Judah and Jerusalem. Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo had no real power, he was just like his grandfather, a collector of taxes for Nebuchadnezzar.
Mattaniah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4983, - מַתַּנְיָה, or מַתַּנְיָהוּ, - mattanyâh, or mattanyâhû, pronounced - mat-tan-yaw', or mat-tan-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H4976 and H3050; gift of Jah; Mattanjah, the name of ten Israelites: - Mattaniah. Total KJV occurrences: 16., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The original name of Zedekiah king of Judah, which was changed when Nebuchadnezzar placed him on the throne II Kings 24:17.”.
Zedekiah= First from the Strong‘s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6667, - צִדְקִיָּה, or צִדְקִיָּהוּ, - tsidqı̂yâh, or tsidqı̂yâhû, pronounced - tsid-kee-yaw', or tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H6664 and H3050; right of Jah; Tsidkijah, the name of six Israelites: - Zedekiah, Zidkijah. Total KJV occurrences: 62., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The last king of Judah and Jerusalem. He was the son of Josiah by his wife Hamutal, and therefore own brother to Jehoahaz II Kings 24:18, compare with II Kings 23:31. His original name was Mattaniah, which was changed to Zedekiah by Nebuchadnezzar when he carried off his nephew Jehoiachim to Babylon and left him on the throne of Jerusalem. Zedekiah was but twenty-one years old when he was thus placed in charge of an impoverished kingdom, B.C. 597. His history is contained in a short sketch .of the events of his reign given in II Kings 24:17; II Kings 25:7 and, with some trifling variations in Jeremiah 39:1-7’ 52:1-11 together with the still shorter summary in I Chronicles 38:10 etc.; and also in Jeremiah 22, 24, 27-29, 32, 34, 37-38 and Ezekiel 16-21. From these it is evident that Zedekiah was a man not so much bad at heart as weak in will. It is evident from Jeremiah 27, 28 that the earlier portion of Zedekiah's reign was marked by an agitation throughout the whole of Syria against the Babylonian yoke. Jerusalem seems to have taken the lead, since in the fourth year of Zedekiah's reign we find ambassadors from all the neighboring kingdoms — Tyre, Sidon, Edom and Moab — at his court to consult as to the steps to be taken. The first act of rebellion of which any record survives was the formation of an alliance with Egypt, of itself equivalent to a declaration of enmity with Babylon. As a natural consequence it brought on Jerusalem an immediate invasion of the Chaldaeans. The mention of this event in the Bible though indisputable, is extremely slight, and occurs only in Jeremiah 37:5-11; 34:21 and Ezekiel 17:15-20. But Josephus (x.7,3) relates it more fully, and gives the date of its occurrence, namely, the eighth year of Zedekiah. Nebuchadnezzar at once sent an army to ravage Judea. This was done, and the whole country reduced, except Jerusalem and two strong places in the western plain, Lachish and Azekah, which still held out Jeremiah 34:7. Called away for a time by an attack from Pharaoh and the Egyptians, on the tenth day of the tenth month of Zedekiah's ninth year the Chaldeans were again before the walls Jeremiah 52:4. From this time forward the siege progressed slowly but surely to its consummation, The city was indeed reduced to the last extremity. The bread had for long been consumed Jeremiah 38:9, and all the terrible expedients had been tried to which the wretched inhabitants of a besieged town are forced to resort in such cases. At last, after sixteen dreadful months the catastrophe arrived. It was on the ninth day of the fourth month, about the middle of July at midnight, as Josephus with careful minuteness informs us, that the breach in those strong and venerable walls was effected. The moon, nine days old, had gone down. The wretched remnants of the army acquitted the city in the dead of night; and as the Chaldaean army entered the city at one end, the king and his wives fled from it by the opposite gate. They took the road toward the Jordan. As soon as the dawn of day permitted it, swift pursuit was made. The king's party were overtaken near Jericho and carried to Nebuchadnezzar, who was then at Riblah, at the upper end of the valley of Lebanon. Nebuchadnezzar, with a refinement of barbarity characteristic of those cruel times ordered the sons of Zedekiah to be killed before him, and lastly his own eyes to be thrust out. He was then loaded with brazen fetters, and at a later period taken to Babylon, where he died.”.
II Kings 24:18 Zedekiah was twenty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal (father in law of dew; or, akin to the dew) (kham-ee-tal'), the daughter of Jeremiah (YAH will rise; or, whom YHVH has appointed) (yir-meh-yaw'-hoo) of Libnah (whiteness) (Lib-naw’). —> With Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo now made king—even though in name only—over Judah, he will be the last of such. There will never again, in the flesh Age, be a man king over the House of Israel or Judah, the next King will be KING of kings and LORD of lords, our Saviour Jesus Christ when He returns for His Second Advent.
His mother's name was Hamutal=Thus showing us that Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo was a full brother to Yeh-ho-aw-khawz, and only a half brother to Yeh-ho-yaw-keem'.
Hamutal=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2537, - חֲמוּטַל, or חֲמִיטַל, - chămûṭal, or chămı̂yṭal, pronounced - kham-oo-tal', or kham-ee-tal', and means: From H2524 and H2919; father in law of dew; Chamutal or Chamital, an Israelitess: - Hamutal. Total KJV occurrences: 3., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah; one of the wives of King Josiah II Kings 23:31; 24:18; Jeremiah 52:1.”.
Jeremiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3414, - יִרְמְיָה, or יִרְמְיָהוּ, - yirmeyâh, or yirmeyâhû, pronounced - yir-meh-yaw', or yir-meh-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites: - Jeremiah. Total KJV occurrences: 147., This is not our Father’s Prophet Jeremiah; he is though, a Levite and most likely a priest as he is from Libnah, one of the Levitical Sanctuary cities.
Libnah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3841, - לבנה, - Libnâh, pronounced - Lib-naw', and means: The same as H3839; Libnah, a place in the Desert and one in Palestine: - Libnah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ A royal city of the Canaanites which lay in the southwest part of the Holy Land, taken by Joshua immediately after the rout of Beth-horon. It was near Lachish, west of Makkedah. It was appropriated with its "suburbs" to the priests Joshua 21:13; I Chronicles 6:57. In the reign of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat it "revolted" form Judah at the same time with Edom II Kings 8:22; II Chronicles 21:10. Probably the modern Ayak el-Menshiyeh.”.
24:19 Personal. Evil-doing.
II Kings 24:19 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done. —> “The Preacher,” Solomon,—Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo's great grandfather to the umpteenth generation—taught us in the Book of Ecclesiastes that there is “nothing new under the sun,” and Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo is acting just like Solomon, just what all did Tsid-kee-yaw’-hoo do? II Chronicles 36 explains it to us in detail, so let’s read it: II Chronicles 36:12 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God, and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of the LORD. —> He refused harken to what Father told him through His Prophet Yir-meh-yaw’-hoo. Really it was just such a simple task, Obey Father and all would be well; however, it was just something he could allow himself to do, much to his chagrin, and just like many of Father’s Children today. [36:13] And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel. —> Father gave us His Word, His Love Letter to us that all we have to do is Read it, not listen to man try and explain it to us, and He will be Faithful to us and Good to us; however, sadly, because of so many not being able to actually read it for themselves, they teach is that it is hard to read and understand; therefore, most go along with that line of thought, that’s it’s too hard to read and understand and therefore don’t. In doing so, they never come to the Knowledge of Father, never come to an Understand of Him, and they also never gain His Wisdom. [36:14] Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the People, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which He had hallowed in Jerusalem. —> Just like today, look at all the abominations man has set up for us today, children as young as 5 thinking—because they are taught by supposed adults—that they were born the wrong sex, and now want the world to change them to the sex they think they “should be;” homosexual marriage, pastors, and they’re even trying to make a homosexual bible, yeah, Father will accept that — NOT. [36:15] And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by His messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because He had compassion on His People, and on His dwelling place: —> Time and again they—we—turned their back on Father; yet, time and again He had compassion on them—us—to no avail. [36:16] But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised His words, and misused His prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His People, till there was no remedy. —> We’re still mocking Him to this day; but, brethren, it’ll be coming to an end in the not too distant future when Jesus Returns.
II Kings 24:20 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. —> Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo had taken an oath in Father's name that he would submit to Nebuchadnezzar and that was all he had to do and all would have been well. He'd have been able to eat of the produce grown in Judah, he'd have been able to live there in peace and other such niceties; but, no, he instead rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar and more importantly, against Father; therefore, all did not end well for Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo. We'll read in the next chapter, the last Chapter in this Great Book of the Kings what happen(s)(ed) to ole Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo.
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