camping4eloah.com Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy and not sacrifice; and THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD more than burnt offerings.
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*                 II Kings 23

II Kings 22 brought us the reign of Israel's second youngest king: Yo-she-yaw'-hoo (Josiah), who took over the throne when he was only 8 years old. Because of those who were counseling and guiding him,namely Hilkiah the High Priest and Shaphan the Royal Scribebeginning in his 8th year of rule, he began to seek Father, and do those things which were very pleasing in Father's eyes, in other words, he purged Judah and Jerusalem by cleaning up his father Aw-mone's (Amon) mess of the asherah groves, the idolatrous altars to baalim and other false gods, and the carved and molten images which his father Man-ash-sheh's (Manasseh) had re-instituted after his father Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo had cleaned them out from his father Aw-khawz' (Ahaz) and those before him.

Anyway, it was during this cleaning up of the land and the cleaning out of Father's Temple that, the workers found Moses' original copy of Father's Law, i.e., the Torah, or Pentateuch, the first five Books of Father's Word, namely what we today call the Books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. I say, “the workers found” because, it had gotten misplaced; or probably, purposely lost sometime during the reign of one of the evil kings who despised and detested Father and His Ways of Righteousness, in favor of satan and his evil path of destruction. Nobody knows for sure just how long it had been missing; but, suffice it to say that it has been many years as; when it was found and read to Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, he rent his clothes in a sign of outright horror, humbleness, and repentance. His reaction was duly noted by Father Who'll look favorably upon this young king.

So, what did young Yo-she-yaw'-hoo do after the High Priest read the words of the Book to him? After abasing himself, he gathered himself together, composed himself, and then he sent the High Priest to someone who could tell them what course of action Father would have them embark upon.

Who did they find who could tell them such? A Prophetess, one named Huldah “(now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college;)”. Huldah is actually not the first woman to be mentioned as a prophetess in Father's Word; others include: Miriam Exodus 15:20 and Micah 6:4; Deborah Judges 4:4; Noadiah Nehemiah 6:14; Isaiah's wife Isaiah 8:3; Anna Luke 2:36; and Phillips 4 daughters Acts 21:9. Dr. Bullinger notes in his Companion Bible at II Kings 22:14 that, “The employment of a woman as prophet shows the degeneracy of the times, deplored by Isaiah Isaiah 9:15, denounced by Jeremiah Jeremiah 5:7,8; 14:4; 23:14-30; 37:19, and by Ezekiel 13:2-23. Inferred also from Huldah's words v22:15-18, and by Jeremiah Jeremiah 5:31.”. Anyway, Huldah, immediately upon being asked what they should do, replied “thus saith the LORD.” She then proceeded to tell Hilkiah what to tell Yo-she-yaw'-hoo what was about to come upon Judah and Jerusalem, and what path young Yo-she-yaw'-hoowho by this time was now somewhere between 20 and 26 years oldwas to take, i.e., he was to continue to rule over the House of Judah for the remainder of his days; but, when Father brought him Home to Him, Father was then going to bring about calamity upon the Nation; however, as for Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, because he had indeed humbled himself when he had heard what Father said He would do, he would not be affected by the calamity which Father was going to bring about the Nation, he would go to his grave in peace. This was where the Chapter closed.

We pick up this Study of Father's Word reading about what Yo-she-yaw'-hoo did immediately after hearing what Father Promised for the Nation of the House of Judah.

With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: “Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen.

18:1-24:20 JUDAH. (Division.)
22:1-23:30 Josiah.
22:1-23:30 JOSIAH. (Introversion
    and Alternations.)
22:3-23:34 Josiah’s reformation.
22:3-23:24 JOSIAH’S REFORMATION.
   (Alternations.)
23:1 Assemblage of people.

II Kings 23:1 And the king sent, and they gathered unto him all the elders of Judah (celebrated) (Yeh-hoo-daw') and of Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace).   —>   Since we know this Chapter to be a continuation of II Kings 22, and Yo-she-yaw'-hoo had just finished hearing of the calamity that Father was going to bring upon the Nation in the not too distant future, the first thing Yo-she-yaw'-hoo does is call every one of the Priests, the Levites and the Prophets, and also all the Elders and city leaders of every city in the territories of the House of Judah to come to Jerusalem to meet with him. Why? Because he has been given insight from Father what is going to come to pass, and he can either just let it happen; or, he can try and have as many of his people, his fellow Israelites, repent and change from their current way of life as he can, and that is exactly what he intends to try and do.

Think about Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's actions here brethren as; he is not tempting Father; but, playing the role of Moses, Samuel and our Lord Jesus in that, his compassion for his fellow-man is causing him to stand in the gap for his fellow Israelites in order to try and save as many souls as he can.

How will the people respond? That is actually a good question as, as I said when reading II Kings 22, we saw some classic Hebrew writing in that, in ancient Hebrew writing, sometimes the writer will give the results or outcome of a series of events, and then go into the details of what actually transpired. Well, that is exactly what we're seeing in these two Chapters; as, in II Kings 22 we saw the results, and now here in II Kings 23 we're going to read the details. We know from reading II Kings 22 that, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo purged Judah of all the false gods and idols; well, now we're going to read exactly what he did to accomplish such, hang-on brethren as, it's about to get dirty, and we're going to see a purging like as hasn't been seen for over 350 years, since young Asa cleaned the mess he faced when he became king as read in I Kings 15:11-13; only, Asa didn't go as far in his purging as king Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is about to go!

Judah= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3063, - יהוּדה, - yehûdâh, pronounced - yeh-hoo-daw', and means: From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory: - Judah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if not all, of the territory of Simeon I Samuel 27:6; I Kings 19:3, compare with Joshua 19:1 and of Dan II Chronicles 11:10, compare with Joshua 19:41,42. Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim II Chronicles 13:19; 15:8; 17:2. It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years. History. -- The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance II Chronicles 16:7, prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David.”.

Jerusalem=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3389, - ירוּשׁלם , or ירוּשׁלים , - Yerûshâlaim, or Yerûshâlayim pronounced - Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im, or Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-yim , and means: A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine: - Jerusalem.. The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.

23:2 Assemblage of people.
23:2 Book read.

II Kings 23:2 And the king went up into the house of the LORD, and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the People, both small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of the LORD.   —>   So, everybody came to the royal palace in Jerusalem, and then as one man, they all went over to Father's Temple. Here in the Book of the Kings the verse reads “the prophets”, which tells me that Jeremiah and Zephaniah are among this crowd of people headed to Father's Temple; whereas, in the Book of the Chronicles,more specifically, in II Chronicles 34:30it states “the Levites”, in any case, suffice it to say that, everybody of the Nation Israel who was living in the territories of Israel attended this gathering of repentance.

23:3 Josiah’s well-doing. Covenant made.

II Kings 23:3 And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the LORD, to walk after the LORD, and to keep His commandments and His testimonies and His statutes with all their heart and all their soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the People stood to the covenant.   —>   Once they had all reached Father's Temple, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo stood upon the brazen scaffolding, which had been set-up during the initial building of Father's Temple, so everybody gathered could easily see him as he read from Father's Word. Normally this would be the Priests doing this reading; however, since Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was a righteous king, and since Father told him through His Prophetess what was going to come to pass; king Yo-she-yaw'-hooagain, playing intercessor between Father and His Childrentook it upon himself as king of the Nation to lead the Nation back to Father in repentance. Of course, though it is indeed to king doing so, he has the backing of all the Priests and the Prophets there behind him 100%.

To keep His commandments and His testimonies and His statutes=Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was further expounding upon his own covenant with Father and having his peopleread that, His Childrenalso make a covenant to be hearers and doers of Father's Commandments, Judgments, Laws, Ordinances, and Statutes, and to follow them closely. This king was leading from the front, not from the rear, he was a wonderful king. I think this Nation, our Nation, the United States of America, at least a big majority of the people in it, just this year, 2016, elected to return our hearts to Father as well, when we told the democrat law breaker candidate, the corrupt media, and holliweird that, and all those who followed them that, we would no longer accept their ungodly ways, and instead elected Donald J. Trump as our next President of the United States of America.

Beginning with the next verse, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is going to show Father and the people, just how sincere he truly is.

23:4-20 Evil removed.

II Kings 23:4 And the king commanded Hilkiah (portion of YAH; or YAH is my portion) (Khil-kee-yaw'-hoo) the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth out of the temple of the LORD all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven: and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron (dusky place; or, turbid) (kid-rone’), and carried the ashes of them unto Beth-el (house of God).   —>   Understand brethren, all these abominable idolatrous idols and false gods were in Father's Temple. Right there where Father said He  would and did indeed manifest His presence and abide and abode with His Children. Of course, it has been many a year since He has done so, since it has been many years that the idol worshiping kings rejected Him, and then basically threw Him out of His own House.

He burned them without Jerusalem=The High Priest, and the Levites and Prophets went into the Temple and gathered the abominable items and carried them out, either into the fields just beside the Brook Kidron, or maybe in the dry creek bed of the Brook Kidron, in either case, once there, they burned them as prescribed in Deuteronomy 7:25. Once the fires from them had been extinguished, they carried the charred remains to Beth-el where they defiled the altars there,which the first king of the divided House of Israel: Jeroboam had set upaccording to the prophesy of the disobedient prophet which we read about in I Kings 13:2.

Hilkiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2518, - חלקיּה, חלקיּהוּ , - Chilqı̂yâh, or Chilqı̂yâhu, pronounced - Khil-kee-yaw', Khil-kee-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H2506 and H3050; portion of Jah; Chilhijah, the name of eight Israelites: - Hilkiah., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “High priest in the reign of Josiah II Kings 22:4; II Chronicles 34:9; 1Esd. 1:8. His high priesthood was rendered particularly illustrious by the great reformation effected under it by King Josiah, by the solemn Passover kept at Jerusalem in the 18th year of that king's reign, and above all by the discovery which he made of the book of the law of Moses in the temple.”.

Baal=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1168, - בַּעַל, - ba‛al, pronounced - bah'-al, and means: The same as H1167; Baal, a Phoenician deity: - Baal, [plural] Baalim. Total KJV occurrences: 81., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The supreme male divinity of the Phoenician and Canaanitish nations, as Ashtoreth was their supreme female divinity. Some suppose Baal to correspond to the sun and Ashtoreth to the moon; others that Baal was Jupiter and Ashtoreth Venus. There can be no doubt of the very high antiquity of the worship of Baal. It prevailed in the time of Moses among the Moabites and Midianites Numbers 22:41, and through them spread to the Israelites Numbers 25:3-18; Deuteronomy 4:3. In the times of the kings it became the religion of the court and people of the ten tribes I Kings 16:31-33; 18:19,22, and appears never to have been permanently abolished among them II Kings 17:16. Temples were erected to Baal in Judah I Kings 16:32, and he was worshiped with much ceremony I Kings 18:19,26-28; II Kings 10:22. The attractiveness of this worship to the Jews undoubtedly grew out of its licentious character. We find this worship also in Phoenician colonies. The religion of the ancient British islands much resembled this ancient worship of Baal, and may have been derived from it. Nor need we hesitate to regard the Babylonian Bel Isaiah 46:1, or Beaus, as essentially identical with Baal, though perhaps under some modified form. The plural, BAALIM , is found frequently, showing that he was probably worshiped under different compounds, among which appear: BAAL-BERITH (the covenant Baal) Judges 8:33; 9:4, the god who comes into covenant with the worshipers; BAAL-ZEBUB (lord of the fly), and worshiped at Ekron II Kings 1:2,3,16; BAAL-HANAN. a. The name of one of the early kings of Edom Genesis 36:38,39; I Chronicles 1:49,50. b. The name of one of David's officers, who had the superintendence of his olive and sycamore plantations I Chronicles 27:28; BAAL-PEOR (lord of the opening, i.e. for others to join in the worship). We have already referred to the worship of this god. The narrative (Numbers 25) seems clearly to show that this form of Baal-worship was connected with licentious rites.”.

Kidron=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6939, - קִדְרוֹן, - qidrôn, pronounced - kid-rone', and means: From H6937; dusky place; Kidron, a brook near Jerusalem: - Kidron. Total KJV occurrences: 11., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The brook, a torrent or valley, not a "brook," or, as in the margin of Revised Version, "ravine;" Gr. winter torrent. It was close to Jerusalem, between the city and the Mount of Olives. it is now commonly known as the "valley of Jehoshaphat." The channel of the valley of Jehoshaphat is nothing more than the dry bed of a wintry torrent, bearing marks of being occasionally swept over by a large volume of water. It was crossed by David in his flight II Samuel 15:23, compare II Samuel 15:30. And by our Lord on his way to Gethsemane John 18:1. Compare Mark 14:26; Luke 22:39. The distinguishing peculiarity of the Kidron valley --mentioned in the Old Testament-- is the impurity which appears to have been ascribed to it. In the time of Josiah it was the common cemetery of the city II Kings 23:6, compare Jeremiah 26:23.”.

Beth-el=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H1008, - בּית־אל, - Bêyth-'êl, pronounced - Bayth-ale', and means: From H1004 and H410; house of God; Beth-El, a place in Palestine: - Beth-el., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Well known city and holy place of central Palestine, about 12 miles north of Jerusalem. If we are to accept the precise definition of Genesis 12:8 the name of Bethel would appear to have existed at this spot even before the arrival of Abram in Canaan Genesis 12:8; 13:3,4. Bethel was the scene of Jacob's vision Genesis 28:11-19; 31:13. Jacob lived there Genesis 35:1-8. The original name was Luz Judges 1:22,23. After the conquest Bethel is frequently heard of. In the troubled times when there was no king in Israel, it was to Bethel that the people went up in their distress to ask counsel of God Judges 20:18,26,31; 21:2. Authorized Version, "house of God." Here was the ark of the covenant Judges 20:26-28; 21:4. Later it is named as one of the holy cities to which Samuel went on circuit I Samuel 7:16. Here Jeroboam placed one of the two calves of gold. Toward the end of Jeroboam's life Bethel fell into the hands of Judah II Chronicles 13:19. Elijah visited Bethel, and we hear of "sons of the prophets" as resident there II Kings 2:2,3. But after the destruction of Baal worship by Jehu Bethel comes once more into view II Kings 10:29. After the desolation of the northern kingdom by the king of Assyria, Bethel still remained an abode of priests II Kings 17:27,28. In later times Bethel is named only once under the scarcely-altered name of Beitin . Its ruins still lie on the righthand side of the road from Jerusalem to Nablus. Beth-el is also a town in the south part of Judah, named in Joshua 12:16 and I Samuel 30:27. In Joshua 15:30; 19:4; I Chronicles 4:29,30 the place appears under the name of CHESIL, BETHUL and BETHUEL. Hiel the Bethelite is recorded as the rebuilder of Jericho I Kings 16:34. In Joshua 16:1 and I Samuel 13:2 Mount Bethel, a hilly section near Beth-el, is referred to .”.

II Kings 23:5 And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.   —>   Idolatrous priests=Let's compare the two different usages of the word “priests” in this verse, with the usage of it a moment ago in v23:4. In v23:4, in the Strong's Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3548, - כֹּהֵן, - kôhên, pronounced - ko-hane', and means: Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman): - chief ruler, X own, priest, prince, principal officer. Total KJV occurrences: 750., in other words a Priest appointed by Father through the bloodline of Levi, and now from this verse v23:5, in the Strong's Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3649, - כָּמָר, - kâmâr, pronounced - kaw-mawr', and means: From H3648; properly an ascetic (as if shrunk with self maceration), that is, an idolatrous priest (only in plural): - Chemarims, (idolatrous) priests. Total KJV occurrences: 3., which this verse correctly identifies, saying “whom the kings of Judah had ordained,” yeppers, a priest appointed by man; and as such, not beholden to, and under no obligation to Father, or holding fast to His Commandments, Judgments, Laws, Ordinances or Statutes; however, it does make him beholden to man, and doing what that man desires.

I like what Josephus says in his writings concerning this instance, it reads Ye-she-yaw-hoo: ”slew the priests of the idols that were not of the family of Aaron. And when he had done thus in Jerusalem, he came into the country, and utterly destroyed what buildings had been made therein by king Jeroboam, in honor of strange gods; and he burnt the bones of the false prophets upon that altar which Jeroboam first built.”.

Planets=Stations. i.e., the signs of the Zodiac. The word “planet” which is used here in the Strong’s Concordance is Hebrew word number: H4208, - מַזָּלָה, - mazzâlâh, pronounced - maz-zaw-law', and means: Apparently from H5140 in the sense of raining; a constellation, that is, Zodiacal sign (perhaps as affecting the weather): - planet. Compare H4216. Total KJV occurrences: 1., used only once in Father’s Word, here in II Kings 23:5, now, let’s do as instructed and bring in H4216 to compare the two: H4216, - מַזָּרָה, - mazzârâh, pronounced - maz-zaw-raw', and means: Apparently from H5144 in the sense of distinction; some noted constellation (only in the plural), perhaps collectively the zodiac: - Mazzoroth. Compare H4208. Total KJV occurrences: 1., it’s used only once in all of Father’s Word, in Job 38:32, just as H4208 is used only once. The Babylonian name for the divisions of the Zodiac. Called in the Assyrian inscriptions: Mauzalti.

All the host of heaven=They were also worshiping the angles. Brethren do you recall what the angel told John in the Book of Revelation? Twice John went to worship the angel who was revealing him the revelations of our Lord Jesus as we read in Revelation 19:10: Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, “See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.”, and then again in Revelation 22:8-9: Revelation 22:8 And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things. [22:9] Then saith he unto me, “See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.”.

II Kings 23:6 And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people.   —>   Again from Josephus’ writings we read: “After these things, Josiah went also to such other Israelites as had escaped captivity and slavery under the Assyrians, and persuaded them to desist from their impious practices, and to leave off the honors they paid to strange gods, but to worship rightly their own Almighty God, and adhere to him. He also searched the houses, and the villages, and the cities, out of a suspicion that somebody might have one idol or other in private; nay, indeed, he took away the chariots [of the sun] that were set up in his royal palace, which his predecessors had framed, and what thing soever there was besides which they worshipped as a god.”.

II Kings 23:7 And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.   —>   Like his grand-father to the twelfth generation before him,one named AsaYo-she-yaw’-hoo continues his purge of Judah by clearing out those who desire to deal in perverted proclivities. Why did both these kingsAsa and now Yo-she-yaw’-hoolevel this action against the people who were doing such? Two reasons immediately come to my mind: (1) because of what Father did to Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 18 and Genesis 19; and because (2) what Father told Moses in Deuteronomy 23: Deuteronomy 23:17 There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons of Israel.   —>   No whore of the daughters of Israel=Let’s look at this word “whore,” as; we’ll find that in the Strong’s Concordance, it is Hebrew word number: H6948, - קְדֵשָׁה, - qedêshâh, pronounced - ked-ay-shaw', and means: Feminine of H6945; a female devotee (that is, prostitute): - harlot, whore. Total KJV occurrences: 5., in other words, a whore as used in this application means: a sodomitess, or a woman who was consecrated to be used as such during heathen worship services, and what Father is saying is that, none of the Israelite women were to make themselves available as such, and the men were to not use the Israelite women nor bring in foreign women to use as such in worship of Him. Here as we see the word in the Hebrew language is Kedēshāh and means “a separated one” or an unclean temple woman. We’ll see in the next verse a different use of the word whore. A sodomite of the sons of Israel=Now let’s look at this word “sodomite,” as we find that in the Strong’s Concordance, it is Hebrew word number: H6945, - קָדֵשׁ, - qâdêsh, pronounced - kaw-dashe', and means: From H6942; a (quasi) sacred person, that is, (technically) a (male) devotee (by prostitution) to licentious idolatry: - sodomite, unclean. Total KJV occurrences: 6., this is the same as the term whore as used in this verse; though in this application, it was a man who made himself available as a whore for other men to use in place of a woman for sexual acts, in other words, he was playing the role of a woman and allowing his orifice’s to be penetrated by other men, in the worship of false gods and in this case: Father, a strict no, no as; it was a filthy unclean abomination to Him! [23:18] Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or price of a dog, into the house of the LORD thy God for any vow: for even both these are abomination unto the LORD thy God.   —>   The hire of a whore=Here Father is again talking about prostitutes, both female and male, and what He is saying is that our Forefathers were to not be as the heathen who used both in worship services to their false gods, and Father definitely didn’t want our forefathers to use prostitutes as worship vessels when worshiping Him. Whore=We’ll see that this word is different than in the previous verse as; here in the Strong’s Concordance, it is Hebrew word number: H2181, - זָנָה, - zânâh, pronounced - zaw-naw', and means: A primitive root (highly fed and therefore wanton); to commit adultery (usually of the female, and less often of simple fornication, rarely of involuntary ravishment); figuratively to commit idolatry (the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of YHVH): - (cause to) commit fornication, X continually, X great, (be an, play the) harlot, (cause to be, play the) whore, (commit, fall to) whoredom, (cause to) go a-whoring, whorish. Total KJV occurrences: 93., again, Father is saying that it is an abomination to Him for women to allow themselves to be used as prostitutes in worship services to Him, and that both, a man to allow another man to use him on place of a woman as a sexual object and as such in worship to false gods and especially in worship to Him is an abomination to Him! He created man for woman and woman for man! Not, man-to-man, nor woman-to-woman!

Hangings=This is referring to veils, or cloth curtains, which were used to cover the asherah, think of the catholic processions of today where, as they make their march with their virgin on their stick, they have her covered until a certain time in the procession.

II Kings 23:8 And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba (a hillock; or a hill) (gheh'-bah) to Beer-sheba, (well of the oath; or, well of the oath) (be-ayr' sheh'-bah), and brake down the high places of the gates that were in the entering in of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the city.   —>   Geba was in the very northern part of the territories of Judah whereas; Beer-sheba was in the very southern portion, and what this is saying is that Yo-she-yaw’-hoo went throughout all Judah defiling, desecrating and destroying every single altar which had been erected to false gods.

High places=Since the time of Solomon’s reign as king, nobody had been able to completely destroy, remove or wipeout these idolatrous places of worship; however, Yo-she-yaw’-hoo was able to do so, he completely desecrated every one of them.

Geba=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1387, - גֶּבַע, - geba‛, pronounced - gheh'-bah, and means: From the same as H1375, a hillock; Geba, a place in Palestine: - Gaba, Geba, Gibeah. Total KJV occurrences: 18., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city of Benjamin, with "suburbs," allotted to the priests Joshua 21:17; I Chronicles 6:69. It is named amongst the first group of the Benjamite towns --apparently those lying near to and along the north boundary Joshua 18:24. Here the name is given as GABA . During the wars of the earlier part of the reign of Saul, Geba was held as a garrison by the Philistines I Samuel 13:3, but they were ejected by Jonathan. It is now the modern village of Jeba , which stands picturesquely on the top of its steep terraced hill, six miles north of Jerusalem, on the very edge of the great Wady Suweinit , looking northward to the opposite village of ancient Michmash, which also retains its old name of Mukhmas.”.

Beer-sheba=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H884, - בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע, - be'êr sheba‛, pronounced - be-ayr' sheh'-bah, and means: From H875 and H7651 (in the sense of H7650); well of an oath; Beer Sheba, a place in Palestine: - Beer-shebah. Total KJV occurrences: 34., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The name of one of the old places in Palestine which formed the southern limit of the country. There are two accounts of the origin of the name. According to the first, the well was dug by Abraham, and the name given to Judah Joshua 15:28, and then to Simeon Joshua 19:2; I Chronicles 4:28. In the often-quoted "from Dan even unto Beersheba" Judges 20:1, it represents the southern boundary of Canaan, as Dan the northern. In the time of Jerome it was still a considerable place, and still retains its ancient name -- Bir es-Seba. There are at present on the spot two principal wells and five smaller ones. The two principal wells are on or close to the northern bank of the Wady es-Seba . The larger of the two, which lies to the east, is, according to Dr. Robinson, 12 1/2 feet in diameter, and at the time of his visit (April 12) was 44 1/2 feet to the surface of the water. The masonry which encloses the well extends downward 28 1/2 feet. The other well Isaiah 5 feet in diameter, and was 42 feet to the water. The curb-stones around the mouth of both wells are worn into deep grooves by the action of the ropes of so many centures. These wells are in constant use today. The five lesser wells are in a group in the bed of the wady. On some low hills north of the large wells are scattered the foundations and ruins of a town of moderate size.".

II Kings 23:9 Nevertheless the priests of the high places came not up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they did eat of the unleavened bread among their brethren.   —>   These Priests were of the lineage of Aaron; however, they did not make the trek up to Jerusalem because they were unclean because they had been falsely, or incorrectly worshiping Father in these high places. These priests did however, eat of and partake of the holy sacraments along with their fellow Levites; just, not it in the Holy place. Some of the worship services in these high places were of Father; however, they were illegal worship services as; they were not where Father wanted to be worshiped at; His only authorized place of worship was in His Temple.

Remember brethren, the priests in the northern tribes had drifted so far away from Father that; they had no idea what was of Him, and what was of the heathenistic religions. Many of the people of Judah were likewise that far off as; they wanted nothing to do with Father's Law or His Word. The only thing which mattered to them were, their traditions, the pleasures of their sexual orgies, and the quiet places where they burned their candles and incense. Stop and look around you today and actually look at what is taught in Father's houses, and what is called “of God.” Much of it is nothing but tradition. Those priests told Yo-she-yaw’-hoo that they would not participate in the teaching of Father's Word. However, before Yo-she-yaw’-hoo did what he was about to do, he allowed these priests to first change their ways. Again, it is no different today as it was then for; the majority has always been in error. They like to take the path of least resistance, to stay in the comfort of their traditions, and they just don't care to search for the truth. Sure, it was Baal, groves, Molech, and all sorts of wickedness then; whereas, today, it is the traditions of fairytales like the rapture doctrine, easter celebrations, and so forth, and they simply don't care to understand what Father’s Word states and conform to them.

II Kings 23:10 And he defiled Topheth (place of burning) (to'-feth), which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom (lamentation) (hin-nome'), that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.   —>   Topheth=Topheth is put for any abhorrent practice or worship service. We find that in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary that, Topheth means a place of burning; whereas, the “valley of Hinnom,” was a junction of three different valleys uniting in the southern portion of Jerusalem, and what this is saying is, that, in this junction, our forefathers did a continual burning, it was mainly used to burn garbage; however, sadly, this was also where they took their first born sons and daughters to burn them in these fires to molech.

Topheth=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8612, - תֹּפֶת, - tôpheth, pronounced - to'-feth, and means: The same as H8611; Topheth, a place near Jerusalem: - Tophet, Topheth. Total KJV occurrences: 9., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Was in the southeast extremity of the "valley of the son of Hinnom" Jeremiah 7:31 which is "by the entry of the east gate" Jeremiah 19:2. The locality of Hinnom is to have been elsewhere. [HINNOM] It seems also to have been part of the king's gardens, and watered by Siloam, perhaps a little to the south of the present Birket el-Hamra . The name Tophet occurs only in the Old Testament II Kings 23:10; Isaiah 30:33; Jeremiah 7:31,32; 19:6,11-14. The New does not refer to it, nor the Apocrypha. Tophet has been variously translated. The most natural meaning seems that suggested by the occurrence of the word in two consecutive verses, in one of which it is a tabret and in the other Tophet Isaiah 30:32,37. The Hebrew words are nearly identical; and Tophet was probably the king's "music-grove" or garden, denoting originally nothing evil or hateful. Certainly there is no proof that it took its name from the beaten to drown the cries of the burning victims that passed through the fire to Molech. Afterward it was defiled by idols and polluted by the sacrifices of Baal and the fires of Molech. Then it became the place of abomination, the very gate or pit of hell. The pious kings defiled it and threw down its altars and high places, pouring into it all the filth of the city, till it became the "abhorrence" of Jerusalem.”.

Valley of the children of Hinnom=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2011, - הִנֹּם, - hinnôm, pronounced - hin-nome', and means: Probably of foreign origin; Hinnom, apparently a Jebusite: - Hinnom. Total KJV occurrences: 13., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Valley of, otherwise called "the valley of the son" or "children of Hinnom," a deep and narrow ravine, with steep, rocky sides, to the south and west of Jerusalem, separating Mount Zion to the north from the "hill of evil counsel," and the sloping rocky plateau of the "plain of Rephaim" to the south. The earliest mention of the valley of Hinnom is in Joshua 15:8; 18:16 where the boundary line between the tribes of Judah and Benjamin is described as passing along the bed of the ravine. On the southern brow, overlooking the valley at its eastern extremity Solomon erected high places for Molech I Kings 11:7 whose horrid rites were revived from time to time in the same vicinity the later idolatrous kings. Ahaz and Manasseh made their children "pass through the fire" in this valley II Kings 16:3; II Chronicles 28:3; 33:6 , and the fiendish custom of infant sacrifice to the fire-gods seems to have been kept up in Tophet, which was another name for this place. To put an end to these abominations the place was polluted by Josiah, who renders it ceremonially unclean by spreading over it human bones and other corruptions II Kings 23:10,13,14 ; II Chronicles 34:4,5, from which time it appears to have become the common cesspool of the city, into which sewage was conducted, to be carried off by the waters of the Kidron. From its ceremonial defilement, and from the detested and abominable fire of Molech, if not from the supposed ever-burning funeral piles, the later Jews applied the name of this valley --Ge Hinnom, Gehenna (land of Hinnom)--to denote the place of eternal torment. In this sense the word is used by our Lord Matthew 5:29; 10:28; 23:15; mark 9:43; and Luke 12:5.”.

II Kings 23:11 And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathan-melech (given of (the) king; or, the gift of the king) (neth-an' meh'-lek) the chamberlain, which was in the suburbs, and burned the chariots of the sun with fire.   —>   These horses and chariots which Yo-she-yaw’-hoo took away was a practice which presumably started during the days of Man-ash-sheh’ (Manasseh) and Am-mone (Amon) whereas; the kings would have their soldiers attach the chariots to the horses before the sun arose in the morning, then he and all his soldiers would mount-up in preparation for the suns rising, and upon daybreak they would charge off toward the east in order to meet the sun at its arrival. Once there, they would then burn the chariots in worship of the sun as the giver of life, rather than worship the Creator of the sun, Who is the True Giver of Life. This was a form of religious practice to try to please the sun gods. It was almost as stupid as the idea of the rapture theory, whereby people are completely disregarding the prophecies of Father's Word in favor of man’s customs and traditions which are accepted in the kurch houses of our land today. The congregants rush to meet the morning sun, sort of like the new language practice which many churches are allowing among their pastors and congregations.

Nathan-melech=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5419, - נְתַן־מֶלֶךְ, - nethan-melek, pronounced - neth-an' meh'-lek, and means: From H5414 and H4428; given of (the) king; Nethan-Melek, an Israelite: - Nathan-melech. Total KJV occurrences: 1., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A eunuch (Authorized Version "chamberlain") in the court of Josiah II Kings 23:11.”.

II Kings 23:12 And the altars that were on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz (possessor; or, possessor) (Aw-khawz), which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh (causing to forget; or, forgetting) (men-ash-sheh') had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, did the king beat down, and brake them down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron.   —>   Remember, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo had already removed these idolatrous altars which his father Aw-khawz (Ahaz) had erected; however, his son Man-ash-sheh’ had rebuilt them when Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo had returned Home to Father. Now, Yo-she-yaw’-hoo is again removing them.

Ya gotta give it to ole Yo-she-yaw’-hoo as; he is doing it right in his cleaning house; as we see, he is removing all those old idols, and forms of worship and busting them up, burning them and scattering their ashes in the brook Kidron.

Ahaz= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H271, - אחז, - 'âchâz, pronounced - aw-khawz', and means: From H270; possessor; Achaz, the name of a Jewish king and of an Israelite: - Ahaz., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Eleventh king of Judah, son of Jotham, reigned about sixteen years. At the time of his accession, Rezin king of Damascus and Pekah king of Israel had recently formed a league against Judah, and they proceeded to lay siege to Jerusalem. Upon this Isaiah hastened to give advice and encouragement to Ahaz, and the allies failed in their attack on Jerusalem Isaiah 7; 8; 9. But, the allies inflicted a most severe injury on Judah by the capture of Elath, a flourishing port on the Red Sea, while the Philistines invaded the west and south II Kings 16; II Chronicles 28. Ahaz, having forfeited God's favor by his wickedness, sought deliverance from these numerous troubles by appealing to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, who forced him from his most formidable enemies. But Ahaz had to purchase this help at a costly price; he became tributary to Tiglath-pileser. He was weak, a gross idolater, and sought safety in heathen ceremonies, making his son pass through the fire to Molech, consulting wizards and necromancers Isaiah 8:19, and other idolatrous practices II Kings 23:12. His only service of permanent value was the introduction of the sun-dial. He died at the age of 36, but was refused a burial with the kings his ancestors II Chronicles 28:27.”.

Manasseh=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4519, - מנשּׁה, - menashsheh, pronounced - men-ash-sheh', and means: From H5382; causing to forget; Menashsheh, Thirteenth king of the House of Judah: - Manasseh.; and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The thirteenth king of Judah, son of Hezekiah II Kings 20:21, ascended the throne at the age of twelve, and reigned 55 years. His accession was the signal for an entire change in the religious administration of the kingdom. Idolatry was again established to such an extent that every faith was tolerated but the old faith of Israel. The Babylonian alliance which the king formed against Assyria resulted in his being made prisoner and carried off to Babylon in the twenty-second year of his reign, according to a Jewish tradition. There his eyes were opened and he repented, and his prayer was heard and the Lord delivered him II Chronicles 33:12-13, and he returned after some uncertain interval of time to Jerusalem. The altar of the Lord was again restored, and peace offerings and thank offerings were sacrificed to Jehovah II Chronicles 38:15-16. But beyond this the reformation did not go. On his death, he was buried as Ahaz had been, not with the burial of a king, in the sepulchres of the house of David, but in the garden of Uzza II Kings 21:26, and long afterward, in suite of his repentance, the Jews held his name in abhorrence.”.

II Kings 23:13 And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption, which Solomon (peaceful; or, peaceful) (shel-o-mo’) the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth (a star) (ash-to’-reth) the abomination of the Zidonians (tsee-do-nee'), and for Chemosh (to subdue; the powerful: or, subdue) (kem-eesh') the abomination of the Moabites Moabites (from [her (the mother’s)] father; or, of his father), and for Milcom (great king (mil-kome') the abomination of the children of Ammon (tribal that is inbred; or, sons of renown, mountaineers) (am-mone’), did the king defile.   —>   Remember, it was Solomon who Father came to in that dream and told him to ask of his heart’s desire, Solomon replied that he only wanted Father’s Wisdom in order to be able to judge His Children; then, after being king for so many years, he started to get the big head, and he started taking wives and concubines unto himself, many of them foreign women who sexually satisfied him, and for their doing so, he build altars to their gods for them to worship at, right there on Father’s Holy Mount, The Mount of Olives, the same place where in the future our Lord Jesus will be crucified, which as we read here, is called the mount of corruption because of the idolatries committed upon it.

Solomon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8010, - שׁלמה, - shelômôh, pronounced - shel-o-mo', and means: From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David’s successor: - Solomon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Solomon in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Solomon.

Ashtoreth=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6253, - עַשְׁתֹּרֶת, - ‛ashtôreth, pronounced - ash-to'-reth, and means: Probably for H6251; Ashtoreth, the Phoenician goddess of love (and increase): - Ashtoreth. Total KJV occurrences:3., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The principal female divinity of the Phoenicians, called Ishtar by the Assyrians and Astarte by the Greeks and Romans. She was by some ancient writers identified with the moon. But on the other hand the Assyrian Ishtar was not the moon-goddess, but the planet Venus; and Astarte was by many identified with the goddess Venus (or Aphrodite), as well as with the plant of that name. It is certain that the worship of Astarte became identified with that of Venus, and that this worship was connected with the most impure rites is apparent from the close connection of this goddess with ASHERAH I Kings 11:5,33; II Kings 23:13.”.

Zidonians=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6722, - צִידֹנִי, or צִדֹנִי, - tsı̂ydônı̂y, or tsidônı̂y, pronounced - tsee-do-nee', or tsee-do-nee', and means: Patrial from H6721; a Tsidonian or inhabitant of Tsidon: - Sidonian, of Sidon, Zidonian. Total KJV occurrences: 15., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The inhabitants of Zidon. They were among the nations of Canaan; left to give the Israelites practice in the art of war Judges 3:3, and colonies of them appear to have spread up into the hill country from Lebanon to Misrephothmaim Joshua 13:4,6, whence in later times they hewed cedar trees for David and Solomon I Chronicles 22:4. They oppressed the Israelites on their first entrance into the country Judges 10:12, and appear to have lived a luxurious, reckless life Judges 18:7. They were skillful in hewing timber I Kings 15:8, and were employed for this purpose by Solomon. They were idolaters, and worshipped Ashtoreth as their tutelary goddess I Kings 11:5,33; II Kings 23:13 as well as the sun-god Baal from whom their king was named I Kings 16:31.”.

Chemosh=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3645, - כְּמוֹשׁ, or כְּמִישׁ, - kemôsh, or kemı̂ysh, pronounced - kem-oshe', or kem-eesh', and means: From an unused root meaning to subdue; the powerful; Kemosh, the god of the Moabites: - Chemosh. Total KJV occurrences: 9., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The national deity of the Moabites Numbers 21:29; Jeremiah 48:7,13,46. In Judges 11:24 he also appears as the god of the Ammonites. Solomon introduced, and Josiah abolished, the worship of Chemosh at Jerusalem I Kings 11:7; II Kings 23:13. Also identified with Baal-peor, Baalzebub, Mars and Saturn.“.

Mo'abites=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4124, - מוֹאָב, - mô'âb, pronounced - mo-awb, and means: From a prolonged form of the prepositional prefix “m-” and H1; from (her (the mother’s)) father; Moab, an incestuous son of Lot; also his territory and descendants: - Moab. Total KJV occurrences: 181., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Mo'abites. Moab was the son of the Lot's eldest daughter, the progenitor of the Moabites. Zoar was the cradle of the race of Lot. From this centre the brother tribes spread themselves. The Moabites first inhabited the rich highlands which crown the eastern side of the chasm of the Dead Sea, extending as far north as the mountain of Gilead, from which country they expelled the Emims, the original inhabitants Deuteronomy 2:11, but they themselves were afterward driven southward by the warlike Amorites, who had crossed the Jordan, and were confined to the country south of the river Arnon, which formed their northern boundary Numbers 21:13; Judges 11:18. The territory occupied by Moab at the period of its greatest extent, before the invasion of the Amorites, divided itself naturally into three distinct and independent portions: (1) The enclosed corner or canton south of the Arnon was the "field of Moab" . Ruth 1:1,2,6 etc. (2) The more open rolling country north of the Arnon, opposite Jericho, and up to the hills of Gilead, was the "land of Moab" Deuteronomy 1:5; 32:49 etc. (3) The sunk district in the tropical depths of the Jordan valley Numbers 22:1 etc. The Israelites, in entering the promised land, did not pass through the Moabites Judges 11:18, but conquered the Amorites, who occupied the country from which the Moabites had been so lately expelled. After the conquest of Canaan the relations of Moab with Israel were of a mixed character, sometimes warlike and sometimes peaceable. With the tribe of Benjamin they had at least one severe struggle, in union with their kindred the Ammonites Judges 3:12-30. The story of Ruth, on the other hand, testifies to the existence of a friendly intercourse between Moab and Bethlehem, one of the towns of Judah. By his descent from Ruth, David may be said to have had Moabite blood in his veins. He committed his parents to the protection of the king of Moab, when hard pressed by Saul I Samuel 22:3,4. But here all friendly relations stop forever. The next time the name is mentioned is in the account of David's war, who made the Moabites tributary II Samuel 8:2; I Chronicles 18:2. At the disruption of the kingdom Moab seems to have fallen to the northern realm. At the death of Ahab the Moabites refused to pay tribute and asserted their independence, making war upon the kingdom of Judah II Chronicles 22:1. As a natural consequence of the late events, Israel, Judah and Edom united in an attack on Moab, resulting in the complete overthrow of the Moabites. Falling back into their own country, they were followed and their cities and farms destroyed. Finally, shut up within the walls of his own capital, the king, Mesha, in the sight of the thousands who covered the sides of that vast amphitheater, killed and burnt his child as a propitiatory sacrifice to the cruel gods of his country. Isaiah, Isaiah 15; 16; 25:10-12 predicts the utter annihilation of the Moabites; and they are frequently denounced by the subsequent prophets. For the religion of the Moabites see CHEMOSH ; MOLECH ; PEOR . See also Tristram's "Land of Moab." Present condition. (Noldeke says that the extinction of the Moabites was about A.D. 200, at the time when the Yemen tribes Galib and Gassara entered the eastern districts of the Jordan. Since A.D. 536 the last trace of the name Moab, which lingered in the town of Kir-moab, has given place to Kerak , its modern name. Over the whole region are scattered many ruins of ancient cities; and while the country is almost bare of larger vegetation, it is still a rich pasture-ground, with occasional fields of grain. The land thus gives evidence of its former wealth and power. ED.)”.

Milcom=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4445, - מַלְכָּם, or מִלְכּוֹם, - malkâm, or milkôm, pronounced - mal-kawm, or mil-kome', and means: From H4428 for H4432; Malcam or Milcom, the national idol of the Ammonites: - Malcham, Milcom.. Let's now look at H4432: H4432 - מלך, - môlek, pronounced - mo'-lek, and means: From H4427; Molek (that is, king), the chief deity of the Ammonites: - Molech. Compare H4445. The god milcom is\was also known as Molech., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Milcom, the fire-god Molech.”.

Ammon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5983, - עַמּוֹן, - ‛ammôn, pronounced - am-mone', and means: From H5971; tribal, that is, inbred; Ammon, a son of Lot; also his posterity and their country: - Ammon, Ammonites. Total KJV occurrences: 105., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Am'monites, Children of Ammon, A people descended from Ben-ammi, the son of Lot by his younger daughter Genesis 19:38. Compare with Psalms 83:7-8. The Ammonites are frequently mentioned with the Moabites (descendants of Ben-ammi's half-brother), and sometimes under the same name. Compare with Judges 10:6; II Chronicles 20:1; Zephaniah 2:8 etc.. The precise position of the territory of the Ammonites is not ascertainable. In the earliest mention of them Deuteronomy 2:20, they are said to have dwelt in their place, Jabbok being their border Numbers 21:24; Deuteronomy 2:37; and 3:16 (i.e. Land or country is, however, but rarely ascribed to them. Their capital city was Rabbath, called also Rabbath Ammon on the Jabbok. We find everywhere traces of the fierce habits of maranders in their incursions I Samuel 11:2; and Amos 1:13 and a very high degree of crafty cruelty to their toes Jeremiah 41:6-7; and Judges 17:11-12. Moab was the settled and civilized half of the nation of Lot, and Ammon formed its predatory and Bedouin section. On the west of Jordan they never obtained a footing. The hatred in which the Ammonites were held by Israel is stated to have arisen partly from their denial of assistance Deuteronomy 23:4, to the Israelites on their approach to Canaan. But whatever its origin the animosity continued in force to the latest date. The tribe was governed by a king Judges 11:12, etc.; I Samuel 12:12; II Samuel 10:1; Jeremiah 40:14 and by "princes" II Samuel 10:3; and I chronicles 19:3. The god of the tribe was Molech, and they were gross idolaters.”.

Abomination=The word used for an idol because of Father YHVH'S hatred which is produced by the act.

II Kings 23:14 And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves, and filled their places with the bones of men.   —>   Again, as we see, this fulfills Father’s Prophesy which had been given 361 years before it came to pass. Brethren, should anyone ever tell you that Father’s Word isn’t real or true,, there is no need to argue with them as; we know in our hearts that they are incorrect as; we have it right here in this Prophesy and in the Prophesy of Psalms 22 where we read of Jesus’ crucifixion, written 1,000 years before it came to pass, even going so far as to mention and record what the high priest would say and of the gambling for Jesus’ garments.

II Kings 23:15 Moreover the altar that was at Beth-el, and the high place which Jeroboam ([the] people will contend; or, whose people are many) (yaw-rob-awm’) the son of Nebat (regard; or, aspect) (neb-awt’), who made Israel to sin, had made, both that altar and the high place he brake down, and burned the high place, and stamped it small to powder, and burned the grove.   —>   Do you recall when Father split the Nation into two separate and distinct Houses? Do you further recall who the king of each House was? Solomon’s son Rehoboam was king over the House of Judah and Jeroboam was king over the House of Israel; so, what this is saying is that Yo-she-yaw’-hoo didn't stop in Judah; no, he continued on and even went to those places in Samaria, where heathen altars were build Jeroboam, even to the places where the two golden calves were worshipped, and destroyed the altars there. Though the land was controlled by the king of Assyria, Yo-she-yaw’-hoo still had a free reign and was in charge of what went on in the land.

Remember, after the Judah’s brothers the Israelites were hauled away, the people that were brought in to fill the land pleaded to have the priests of Israel return, in order that they could worship the “god of the land.” These priests taught these Samaritans how to worship those same heathen gods, just as the Israelites did before them.

Jeroboam=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3379, - יָרָבְעָם, - yârob‛âm, pronounced - yaw-rob-awm', and means: From H7378 and H5971; (the) people will contend; Jarobam, the name of two Israelite kings: - Jeroboam. Total KJV occurrences: 104., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ The first king of the divided kingdom of Israel, was the son of an Ephraimite of the name of Nebat. He was raised by Solomon to the rank of superintendent over the taxes and labors exacted from the tribe of Ephraim I Kings 11:28. He made the most of his position, and at last was perceived by Solomon to be aiming at the monarchy. He was leaving Jerusalem, when he was met by Ahijah the prophet, who gave him the assurance that, on condition of obedience to his laws, God would establish for him a kingdom and dynasty equal to that of David I Kings 11:29-40. The attempts of Solomon to cut short Jeroboam's designs occasioned his flight into Egypt. There he remained until Solomon's death. After a year's longer stay in Egypt, during which Jeroboam married Ano, the elder sister of the Egyptian queen Tahpenes, he returned to Shechem, where took place the conference with Rehoboam [REHOBOAM], and the final revolt which ended in the elevation of Jeroboam to the throne of the northern kingdom. Now occurred the fatal error of his policy. Fearing that the yearly pilgrimages to Jerusalem would undo all the work which he effected, he took the bold step of rending the religious unity of the nation, which was as yet unimpaired, asunder. He caused two golden figures of Mnevis, the sacred calf, to be made and set up at the two extremities of his kingdom, one at Dan and the other at Bethel. It was while dedicating the altar at Bethel that a prophet from Judah suddenly appeared, who denounced the altar, and foretold its desecration by Josiah, and violent overthrow. The king, stretching out his hand to arrest the prophet, felt it withered and paralyzed, and only at the prophet's prayer saw it restored, and acknowledged his divine mission. Jeroboam was at constant war with the house of Judah, but the only act distinctly recorded is a battle with Abijah, son of Rehoboam, in which he was defeated. The calamity was severely felt; he never recovered the blow, and soon after died, in the 22d year of his reign II Chronicles 13:20, and was buried in his ancestral sepulchre I Kings 14:20.”. Notice the difference between the Strong's Concordance and the Smith's Bible Dictionary in what Jeroboam's name means? I like the Smith's better; and, it actually fits better with him in the fact that he received the larger portion of the tribes.

Nebat=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5028, - נְבָט, - nebât, pronounced - neb-awt', and means: From H5027; regard; Nebat, the father of Jeroboam (the first): - Nebat. Total KJV occurrences: 25., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ The father of Jeroboam I Kings 11:26,12:2,15 etc., is described as an Ephrathite or Ephraimite of Zereda.”.

II Kings 23:16 And as Josiah (founded of YAH; or, whom YHVH heals) (Yo-she-yaw'-hoo) turned himself, he spied the sepulchres that were there in the mount, and sent, and took the bones out of the sepulchres, and burned them upon the altar, and polluted it, according to the word of the LORD which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these words.   —>   Which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these words=This is referring to Father’s disobedient Prophet who proclaimed them 369 years ago while stood at the altar at the feast. Let’s review what was said, we can read them in I Kings 13 I Kings 13:1 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD unto Beth-el: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense.   —>   As Jeroboam was standing next to the altar he had built in Beth-el, ready to burn incense, one of Father's Prophets came from Jerusalem to pronounce what Father had to say to Jeroboam: trust me, it wasn't pretty, nor was it what Jeroboam wanted to hear. Why is Jeroboam acting as a priest? Because as we read in I Kings 12, Jeroboam had fired all the Levitical Priests and they fled down to Jerusalem. If you’ll recall, Father had separated the duties of Judges, or kings, from the priesthood over 100 years previous to Jeroboam’s day, as can be read in I Samuel 8, nowat least in IsraelJeroboam was trying to tie them back together into one office again. Jeroboam thinks he knows better than Father and he thus rejected all Father had to say. He found though, that he himself was rejected by Father. I Kings 13:2 And he cried against the altar in the word of the LORD, and said, “O altar, altar, thus saith the LORD; ‘Behold, a child shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by name; and upon thee shall he offer the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee, and men's bones shall be burnt upon thee.’ ”   —>   Once Father’s Prophet entered the altar temple, he immediately went over to the altar and called out in a loud voice in order that all who were present could hear what Father had to say. What was it He had to say? That the abomination that Jeroboam had been doing in building his own temples with altars and golden calves, his consecrating his own priests and acting as a priest himself, his creating his own feast days, and his causing all Israel to sin by worshiping everything under the sun, was about to come to a screeching halt. That, though not today; but, in the futureapproximately 343 years from nowa childJosiah by namewould be born who would completely desecrate this altar, the very things we’re currently reading about here in II Kings 23whereby it will no longer be able to be used by the false priests to worship false gods and idols. As like always with Father's Word, this will come to pass, it won't happen for anotheron Father's Schedule369 years; but, it surely will come to pass just the same, we're be reading of it here and now. Cyrus is the only other manother than Father being born in the fleshwho is so prophesied by name to be born, he was prophesied of 177 years before his birth. I Kings 13:3 And he gave a sign the same day, saying, “This is the sign which the LORD hath spoken; Behold, the altar shall be rent, and the ashes that are upon it shall be poured out.”   —>   Though Father through His Prophet had told Jeroboam that Josiah will be born approximately 340 years from his day and will desecrate this idolatrous stone altar by burning the bones of the idolatrous priests upon it, as an immediate sign, the altar that Jeroboam had just made was torn in two, and the ashes of the sacrifices he had just made were be poured out upon the ground before him, while he is there watching. Talk about Father getting your attention; for me that would do it; however, it did not get Jeroboam’s, so Father had to get his attention another way, and that was by Father drying up his hand as he was about to lay his hand on Father’s Prophet. That, brethren, got his attention, at least for a moment it had anyway; though it didn't keep his attention for long.

Josiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2977, - יאשׁיּה, or יאשׁיּהוּ, - yô'shı̂yâh, or yô'shı̂yâhû, pronounced - yo-she-yaw', or yo-she-yaw'-hoo, and means: From the same root as H803 and H3050; founded of Jah; Joshijah, the name of two Israelites: - Josiah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The son of Amon and Jedidah, succeeded his father, in the eighty years of his age, and reigned 31 years. His history is contained in II Kings 22:1; II Kings 24:30; II Chronicles 34:1; II Chronicles 35:1 and the first twelve chapters of Jeremiah throw much light upon the general character of the Jews in his day. He began in the eighth year of his reign to seek the Lord; and in his twelfth year, and for six years afterward, in a personal progress throughout all the land of Judah and Israel, he destroyed everywhere high places, groves, images and all outward signs and relics of idolatry. The temple was restored under a special commission; and in the course of the repairs Hilkiah the priest found that book of the law of the Lord which quickened so remarkably the ardent zeal of the king. He was aided by Jeremiah the prophet in spreading through his kingdom the knowledge and worship of Jehovah. The great day of Josiah's life was the day of the passover in the eighteenth year of his reign. After this his endeavors to abolish every trace of idolatry and superstition were still carried on; but the time drew near which had been indicated by Huldah II Kings 22:20. When Pharaoh-necho went from Egypt to Carchemish to carry on his war along the seacoast. Necho reluctantly paused and gave him battle in the valley of Esdraelon. Josiah was mortally wounded, and died before he could reach Jerusalem. He was buried with extraordinary honors.”.

II Kings 23:17 Then he said, “What title is that that I see?” And the men of the city told him, It is the sepulchre of the man of God, which came from Judah, and proclaimed these things that thou hast done against the altar of Beth-el.   —>   So, here is Yo-she-yaw'-hoo polluting and desecrating these graves when he notices a monument with an inscription on one of them; so, he asks those who are with him what it is that he is seeing, and whose grave site is he desecrating? His servants reply that it is the burial place of Father's Prophetthe one who ended up being labeled “the disobedient prophet” because, he defied Father as; Father told him that he was to go to Jeroboam and Prophesy to him the events which are coming to pass in Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's day, and then immediately leave, not stopping to eat or drink, and he was even supposed to go so far as leave by a different route than he arrived, not even stopping to talk with anybody after he had delivered his Prophesy. We'll another prophet, a false prophet, chased after him and told him that Father had told him to go after the disobedient prophet and invite him back to his place and eat with the man. For disobeying Father, Father told him that a lion would slay him; but, not devour his dead carcass, which came to pass, and he was buried right here where Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is digging up these gravesand the reason for seeing two sets of bones was because; as we read in I Kings 13:31 the false or lying prophet told his sons that when he died, he wanted to be buried in the same grave; but, beside Father's True; but, disobedient Prophet. After hearing their reply, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo will tell his servants to do no further damage to this one grave site.

II Kings 23:18 And he said, “Let him alone; let no man move his bones.” So they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet that came out of Samaria (watch mountain; or, watch station) (sho-mer-one').   —>   Yo-she-yaw'-hoo knew better than to disturb the bones of these two men.

Samaria=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8111, - שׁמרון, - Shômerôn, pronounced - Sho-mer-one', and means: From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine: - Samaria., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “This city is situated 30 miles north of Jerusalem and about six miles to the northwest of Shechem, in a wide basin-shaped valley, six miles in diameter, encircled with high hills, almost on the edge of the great plain which borders upon the Mediterranean. In the centre of this basin, which is on a lower level than the valley of Shechem, rises a less elevated hill, with steep yet accessible sides and a long fiat top. This hill was chosen by Omri as the site of the capital of the kingdom of Israel. He "bought the hill of Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of the owner of the hill, Samaria" I Kings 16:23,24. From the time of Omri's purchase, Samaria retained its dignity as the capital of the ten tribes, and the name is given to the northern kingdom as well as to the city. Ahab built a temple to Baal there I kings 16:32,33. It was twice besieged by the Syrians, I kings 20:1, II Kings 6:24-27; II Kings 6:20, but on both occasions the siege was ineffectual. The possessor of Samaria was considered facto king of Israel II Kings 15:13, 14. Samaria was taken after a siege of three years, by Shalmaneser king of Assyria II Kings 18:9, 10, and the kingdom of the ten tribes was put an end to. Some years afterward the district of which Samaria was the centre was repeopled by Esarhaddon. Alexander the Great took the city, killed a large portion of the inhabitants, and suffered the remainder to set it at Shechem. He replaced them by a colony of Syro-Macedonians who occupied the city until the time of John Hyrcanus, who took it after a year's siege, and did his best to demolish it entirely. It was rebuilt and greatly embellished by Herod the Great. He called it Sebaste=Augusta, after the name of his patron, Augustus Caesar. The wall around it was 2 1/2 miles long, and in the centre of the city was a park 900 feet square containing a magnificent temple dedicated to Caesar. In the New Testament the city itself does not appear to be mentioned; but rather a portion of the district to which, even in older times it had extended its name Matthew 10:5; John 4:4,5. At this clay the city is represented by a small village retaining few vestiges of the past except its name, Sebustiyeh, an Arabic corruption of Sebaste. Some architectural remains it has, partly of Christian construction or adaptation, as the ruined church of St. John the Baptist, partly, perhaps, traces of Idumaean magnificence, St. Jerome, whose acquaintance with Palestine imparts a sort of probability to the tradition which prevailed so strongly in later days, asserts that Sebaste, which he invariably identifies with Samaria was the place in which St. John the Baptist was imprisoned and suffered death. He also makes it the burial-place of the prophets Elisha and Obadiah.”.

II Kings 23:19 And all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel (the prince that prevails with God; or, he will rule as God) (Yis-raw-ale’) (secondary map) (yis-raw-ale’) had made to provoke the LORD to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Beth-el.   —>   Houses=This is not a physical building brethren, it's talking of the People of Israel, the stragglers who were left behind of the ten northern tribes, and also of those who moved back into the territories of the House of Israel from the House of Judah. And what we're reading is, that, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo rounded them up and carried them to the altar that Jeroboam had made in Beth-El where he'll slay them all.

Israel=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3478, - ישׂראל, - Yiśrâ'êl, pronounced - Yis-raw-ale', and means: From H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity: - Israel., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Israel in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Israel.

II Kings 23:20 And he slew all the priests of the high places that were there upon the altars, and burned men's bones upon them, and returned to Jerusalem.   —>   Yo-she-yaw'-hoo didn't stop with just the common People; no, he also gathered up and rounded up every one of the false priests,these are not Levitical priests, though, there may be a few of those in with this bunch; but, for the most part they are the kenite nethinims who had taken over the priesthoodand then slew them right there on Jeroboam's idolatrous altar. Not only did he slay them there; but, once dead, he also burned their dead carcasses on the idolatrous altars.

23:21-23 Josiah’s well-doing. Passover.

II Kings 23:21 And the king commanded all the people, saying, “Keep the passover unto the LORD your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant.”   —>   Yo-she-yaw'-hoo commanded that they all partake of Father's Passover as He commanded in Exodus 12:38. We can read in II Chronicles 35:1-19 that, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo and the People did indeed do just that, they kept the Passover. There is a huge disparity between the writings of how they did this between the Books of the Kings and the Books of the Chronicles; here in the Books of the Kings there are 3 verses dedicated to it; whereas, in the Books of the Chronicles, there are 19 verses dedicated to it. Of course, as we know, the Books of the Chronicles were written from Father's perspective; whereas, the Books of the Kings was written from man's.

The book of this covenant=This covenant-book, The KJV Authorized version 1611 reads “This book of the covenant.”.

II Kings 23:22 Surely there was not holden such a passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah;   —>   This statement here can be a little confusing as; as we read while reading of Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's grandfather Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, Father's Word declared that he had held the most spiritual Passover, and that there was none such as his since the days of Moses. So, with that in mind, let's put this into perspective as to what is actually being stated here, and that is that, no other king in either the House of Israel or the House of Judah, not Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, and not even David had ever held a Passover as close to the original, by the Law Passover, as Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is holding now.

Passover=Brethren, how do we celebrate Father's Passover today? And for those of you who have been taught to celebrate that other spring festival which begins with the letter “e,” and notice I did not capitalize that letter “e,” that's because, it is actually an illegal celebration, and don't give me the line that, “it is because we celebrate the resurrection” as; Father never said that we were to celebrate Jesus' resurrection, of course He resurrected, He said He would, and if you didn't\don't believe by Faith, then I have to question your faith. Besides, what did Paul tell us of Jesus? If you're not sure, I recommend you read II Corinthians 5:6-8 which reads: I Corinthians 5:6 Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump?   —>   Here, Paul is telling those of Corinth that they don't have anything that they can boast about within themselves. Immediately after telling them this, he then asks them: Don't you know that even a little leaven or unclean sins amongst you can spread amongst the entire congregation? Paul is using the baking of a loaf of bread here, to give us an example of just how sin can spread. When you mix up the dough to make a loaf of bread, and add the yeast to the dough, the yeast then spreads completely throughout the entire loaf, and the lump of dough rises. The entire loaf is contaminated with even a little leaven. When a church has allowed even one of these acts of iniquity and evil to go on in their midst, and they condone the act, every member of that congregation will feel the recourse of the sinful act. Jesus Himself taught us about the leaven in Matthew 13:33, and also again in Matthew 15:1-20, and Matthew 16:1-12. [5:7] Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:   —>   Paul is telling the Corinthians to expel anyone who desires to continue to live in their sins because, if they refuse to change, sooner or later, they are going to start to sway some of those within their ranks over to their side of seeing things, and then it'll spread among all the congregation. Once those who desire to not change are removed from the church then, and only then can Jesus, who is our Passover, can come into the congregation and His Spirit can start to mend the hearts and minds of the rest of the people, and cleanse them from those old thoughts. “Passover” is the highest day in all Christianity for; that is the day that Jesus became our Passover. It was the time when He died on the cross for the sins of all those who would believe on His name and repent of their sins in His name. Today, most Christians call Passover “easter,” after the heathen spring festival of Ishtar, and sadly, they just don't know the difference between the two and\or what they are actually celebrating. The only time in all of Father’s Word that the word “easter” is mentioned, is when it was mistranslated in Acts 12:4; Acts 2:4 And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people.. In the Strong’s Concordance, we find that the word “easter” is Hebrew word number: G3957, - πάσχα, - pascha, pronounced - pas'-khah, and means: Of Chaldee origin (compare [H6453]); the Passover (the meal, the day, the festival or the special sacrifices connected with it): - Easter, Passover. Total KJV occurrences: 29.. Of these 29 total KJV occurrences, there are 27 verses and 29 matches found in the New Testament, and in every other instance except here in Acts 12:4, it is translated “Passover.” We read from the secular history books, and even in the early dictionaries that, easter is a heathen term, it is derived from the goddess Eastre, the same as astarte, the Syrian Venus, also called ashtoreth in the Old Testament. Ashtoreth is the female sex counterpart of Baal worship, and dates back to the ancient Sumerian religions, and to the wife of Nimrud named Semiremis. There were a pantheon of god's formed in that ancient Babylon, over 4000 gods and goddesses, however there were six of these gods that would carry on down through the ages as being of importance. The goddess known as “nintude” was believed to be Semiremis reincarnated in the form of a goddess, and she became the mother goddess of fertility. She became known by many other names down through the ages, such as “ishtar,” and the “Diana” of the city of Corinth of Paul's day. It was said of Semiremis that she had a virgin born son, because Nimrud her husband had passed away before he could have fathered the child. That son's name was “Tammuz” to the Sumerians, Persians, Babylonians, and Egyptians. and it was Tammuz birthday that was celebrated on December 25. It was in the early years of the first Babylonian empire that many of these myths were formed which paralleled the story of creation, the acts of demons and of the virgin birth of Tammuz (known later as Murduk), as well as the record of the flood of Genesis in the eighth and nineth chapters. So, what is important in trying to understand the why the use of easter is so wrong in Christians celebrating the Passover? It is that it in the term “easter” that Christians take their eyes of the Passover and focus in on heathen customs of the ancient Baal worship, such as Easter eggs, the bunny symbol of fertility, the bonnets, and all the other things that go along with that heathen worship. The “feast of Ishtar.” or “easter” was a time of religious sex orgies. Christians should be focusing on the great sacrifice of the only begotten Son of God giving his life for the sins of the world and not mixing those heathen customs. This is why it is not just a shame on Christians but outright blasphemy to Jesus Christ when we name His Passover after the most heathen festival in existence in all humanity. So then what is the “Passover?” The “Passover” is symbolic of the events of that day in EgyptExodus 12when Father had the death angel passed over the Israelites. On that day back in Egypt, the death angel took the life of the first born in all the land. Father instructed Moses to have the Children to place the blood of an innocent lamb over the door post of their home, and roast and eat the rest of the lamb for strength, for on the next day the Children of Israel would be freed from the bonds of the Pharaoh and leave Egypt. Passover was remembered from that day forth because it also was the promise of a Messiah that would come and free them from their bonds of sin, and their need of animal sacrifices. When Jesus Christ went to the cross on the day of Passover, he was in the tomb for exactly three days, as this would be the only sign that Jesus would give the Jews of His resurrection. This is why we are to remember the “Passover,” for on that day Father's People not only were freed from the bonds of Egypt, but also the bonds of sin that satan had all mankind bound in, through the blood of Jesus Christ that each of us must place over the door posts of our minds heart. We do this to show that we believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the promised Messiah that was born of the virgin Mary. We believe that Jesus was conceived by the Spirit of God and born in a flesh body and He suffered all the temptations that you or I go through, only He was perfect in all his life. Then that He was tried and put to death by the Kenite leaders at the hands of the Roman government as was prophesied throughout the Old Testament. However, just as the children of Israel came out of Egypt and their bondage, we can come out of our bondage when we place the blood of Christ over the door post of our hearts. That is what we are doing in our prayers when we say “IN JESUS NAME,” when we ask forgiveness for our sins. When we pray the sinner’s prayer for forgiveness, we know absolutely that our sins are forgiven in the only place that matters, and that is at the throne of our Heavenly Father in heaven. We read in I John 1:6: I John 1:6 If we say that we have fellowship with Him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth: [1:7] But if we walk in the light, as He is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanseth us from all sin.   —>   You are the one that has to place that blood of Christ one the doorpost of your heart, and you do that by confessing your sins in Jesus name. I John 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.   —>   Father’s Word states very clearly that we all have sinned and come short of the standards of perfection which Father has set, and when we tell ourselves that we have not, we are only fooling ourselves. I John 1:9 If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to for-give us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.   —>   We confess our sins to our Father “in Jesus name,” and Father takes those sins and blots them out of His record, for the blood of Christ has covered them for all time. You are not under the condemnation of your act of sin that you have repented of, and this gives you the free conscience that would bind you to the gilt of sin that would be in your mind. This is the freedom that we have as a Christian under the shed blood of Christ. Then to remember this time when Jesus went to the cross for the sacrifice for you and I, Jesus gave us a way to continually bring this to our remembrance. There is only one way that Christians celebrate Passover and that is in the taking of Communion. The breaking of the bread and the taking of the cup started with Jesus Christ Himself, when he took it with his disciples after Judas had left to betray Christ. Jesus told His disciples in Matthew 26: Matthew 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is My body.” [26:27] And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, “Drink ye all of it; [26:28] For this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.” [26:29] “But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforeth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father's kingdom.”   —>   After the taking of that first communion, Jesus and His disciples departed that upper room and went to the mount of Olives where He was betrayed by Judas and turned over to the kenite priests and leaders of the temple to be tried and crucified. Was this a tragedy? If it had not taken place, there would be no salvation, there would be no forgiveness of sin and Father’s Word would not have been true. It is important that we remember the Passover as it ought to be remembered through the communion, the breaking of the bread and with the cup, for in that act we do remember our Lord and Savior until His coming. Christ became our “Passover,” and His body was the bread. The “Holy Communion” is that which we partake of on the highest of all holy days of Christianity, the Passover. When you take Christ within your mind and self, and though we all sin and fall short, it helps us to do better, and it helps the congregation to do better also. Even after we are saved we still have the temptations that we had before. When we yield to those temptations, we are required to repent and confess those sins to the Father in Jesus name, and those sins are blotted out. It doesn't mean that you are saved again for you are only saved once, the first time is the only time, and from that point on you need to repent daily of those things that creep in your life. The loss of your temper, words spoken out of order, the breaking of the health laws, or anything else that you have done that goes against Father's Word must be repented when immediately after it is done. This is why we must confess our sins daily to Him as we commit them, for then we can live our lives with a clear conscience. Jesus became the blood sacrifice for our sins, because he was without sin, He was perfect in all ways. It is for your sins that he died and not for anything that He did, and that is why through His death He fulfilled the requirement of the blood sacrifices of the Old Testament. The sheep and goat sacrifices of the Old Testament never forgave one sin, but it was an act of obedience that God required to show their love for him. It became the covering for their sin until the true sacrifice Jesus Christ would come which would forgive those sins. If you are going out to do God's work, it is important that you get all those hidden sins in your own life cleaned up through your repentance before you try to clean up the sins of others. Remember from the Book of Judges when the Israelites were going to battle against the men of Gibeah because of the Sodomy and filth that was going on in that city. Father allowed the Benjamites to slaughter thousands of men of the other tribes that were going to make the Benjamites repent. However, these other tribes had many sins of their own also that they were trying to cover over. But until they made themselves right before Father, Father turned them over to be slaughtered and did not give them the victory. When repentance came to all the other tribes, then they were allowed to represent the Lord in battle. This is what Christianity is all about, that we all repent when we sin and then get on with His Work. [5:8] Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.   —>   “The feast” is “the Passover,” and Jesus is our Passover, He is the foundation of our faith that we build our Hope upon. Within our Passover there is no room for the leaven of impurities of the things of the world, not even in the divisions of denominationalism that is going on today. Paul is telling the Corinthians at least be honest and truthful in your worship and lives. You find that truth and honesty in the Passover, which is the body of Christ, when we repent of our sins.

II Kings 23:23 But in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, wherein this passover was holden to the LORD in Jerusalem.   —>   Yo-she-yaw'-hoo had been on the throne for 18 years and during that time he had done many good things in righting Judah and clearing out all the evil wickedness; however, since he had never been taught the True Word of God, or the Law, he didn't know about having to write his own copy of the Law in order to judge Father's People by, nor did he know about conducting Passover. However, now that it has been brought to his attention, he is also putting this into play; and not only is he putting it into play; but, he conducted the grandest Passover since the days of Moses. Josephus wrote this concerning this Passover: “And when he had thus purged all the country, he called the people to Jerusalem, and there celebrated the feast of unleavened bread, and that called the passover. He also gave the people for paschal sacrifices, young kids of the goats, and lambs, thirty thousand, and three thousand oxen for burnt-offerings. The principal of the priests also gave to the priests against the passover two thousand and six hundred lambs; the principal of the Levites also gave to the Levites five thousand lambs, and five hundred oxen, by which means there was great plenty of sacrifices; and they offered those sacrifices according to the laws of Moses, while every priest explained the matter, and ministered to the multitude. And indeed there had been no other festival thus celebrated by the Hebrews from the times of Samuel the prophet; and the plenty of sacrifices now was the occasion that all things were performed according to the laws, and according to the custom of their forefathers. So when Josiah had after this lived in peace, nay, in riches and reputation also, among all men, he ended his life in the manner following.”.

Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is doing his best to draw as many People to Father as he can because; if you'll recall, he was promised that he would die in peace; however, calamity will be coming upon the Nation because of all the wickedness which had been performed in her for so many years; and as such, he is doing his darnedest to play intercessor in order to save as many as he can.

23:24 Evil removed.

II Kings 23:24 Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols, and all the abominations that were spied in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might perform the words of the law which were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of the LORD.   —>   The first step in turning the People's hearts back to Father is getting rid of any and everything which can lead you right back to doing what you had been. Think of it this way, for many cigarette smokers who decide they no longer want to smoke, the first thing they do is throw out all their cigarettes; or, for the drunk who now desires to be sober, the first thing he does is get rid of all the booze in his house. So, once everything was removed it was time to focus their attention on Father and the things of Him, that begins by teaching the People Father's Word or the Law.

That they might perform=Yo-she-yaw'-hoo wasn't just a reader or hearer of Father's Word; no, he was also a doer of Father's Word, and he wanted his people to be the same, with zeal even. You know brethren, there is a huge difference between being a hearer of the Word and a doer of the Word, as June and I drive to Lexington every Sunday to hold the Family Bible Study, we get passed by many fellow Christians who are headed off to their church, notice I said that “we get passed?” That means that, as I'm driving the Speed Limit, I'm being passedi.e., by a Christian who is breaking the Lawby a Christian who is headed to their church house, and they usually have their ichthus or their "In God We Trust" License Plates proudly displayed for all to see; so brethren, I'm telling you to think about your actions, be doers, not just hearers and show others who see you that you are indeed a doer.

Familiar spirits=First from the Strong's Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H178, - אוֹב, - 'ôb, pronounced - obe, and means: From the same as H1 (apparently through the idea of prattling a father’s name); properly a mumble, that is, a water skin (from its hollow sound); hence a necromancer (ventriloquist, as from a jar): - bottle, familiar spirit. Total KJV occurrences: 17., Dr. Bullinger notes this concerning “familiar spirits” in his Companion Bible in Leviticus 19:31: “These are evil spirits impersonating dead human beings, and attaching themselves only to “mediums” and those who give up their will to them. A dread reality is provided against by these enactments, compare Leviticus 20:27; Deuteronomy 18:10-12; I Chronicles 10:13-14; and Isaiah 8:19. The Hebrew ‘'ôb’ is borrowed from the Akkadian word ubi=a charm, used of one who has a mistress of the spell, or spirit, Isaiah 29:4. See Acts 16:16 where it is defined as “a spirit of python” (=pythius Apollo), i.e., the devil..”

wizzards=First from the Strong's Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3049, - יִדְּעֹנִי, - yidde‛ônı̂y, pronounced - yid-deh-o-nee', and means: From H3045; properly a knowing one; specifically a conjurer; (by implication) a ghost: - wizard. Total KJV occurrences: 11., the Smith’s Bible Dictionary says to “see: Divination; or Magic., Dr. Bullinger notes in his Companion Bible: “Mediums, i.e., “knowing ones”=those having occult knowledge..”

23:25 Event. Personal well-doing.

II Kings 23:25 And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned to the LORD with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses (Drawing out [of the water], that is, rescued; or, "drawn," i.e. from the water) (mo-sheh'); neither after him arose there any like him.   —>    This is quite the statement concerning Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, think about all which has been said in this verse: there was no king like him before he took the throne, nor none after him, who turned to Father with all his heart, who was a reader and a doer of the Law, he followed the Law to the letter of the law. Now think of some of the kings before him, some of his great grand-fathers: David, Solomon, Asa, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, each in his own right was a great king who Loved Father and did righteously, and here is Yo-she-yaw'-hoo who is now said to have been better than all of them, yeah, that's quite a powerful statement.

Moses=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4872, - מֹשֶׁה, - môsheh, pronounced - mo-sheh', and means: From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver: - Moses. Total KJV occurrences: 766., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Moses in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Moses.

23:26 Manasseh’ provocation.

II Kings 23:26 Notwithstanding the LORD turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath, wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocations that Manasseh had provoked him withal.   —>   When Man-ash-sheh's righteous father Yekh-is-zee-yaw'-hoo had Returned Home to Father and Man-ash-sheh' destroyed all the righteous things in Judah, many of the people were all too happy to return to the ways of evilness which Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's father and many of the kings before him had instituted, now though, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo has put his foot down because Father has told him what He plans to do to Judah because of the vile happenings in Judah, and even though he is turning the People back to Father, Father knows their hearts and knows that as soon as Yo-she-yaw'-hoo returns Home to Him, they'll go right back to their old ways of idolatry; therefore, Father's wrath won't be 

23:37 Manasseh’s provocation.

II Kings 23:27 And the LORD said, “I will remove Judah also out of My sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, ‘My name shall be there.’ ”   —>   What did Father say His Way was? To do the same as He had done to Judah's Brother Nation, the House of Israel, yes, He is going to send them into captivity, though it will not be to the Assyrians; it'll be to the Babylonians.

Even though He is going to send them into captivity, we can read in Jeremiah 25 that it will only be for seventy years, and then, like as when He sent their and our forefathers into captivity to the Egyptians for those 400 years, it is only for a set number of years, and at the end of that time He will allow them to return to their land, His Land where He put His name, His most favorite place in All His Created Universe. This is just as it will be at the end of this Age brethren, satan will come to Jerusalem in his role of the pretend-to-be jesus,see II Thessalonians 2he'll try to desecrate it and make it an abomination to Father so that Father won't want it, not his People; but, he'll not succeed, Father will still reclaim His Land and His People.

23:28-30 Conclusion.

II Kings 23:28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?   —>   Yes, they are indeed written in the Book of the Chronicles, his time begins at II Chronicles 33:25 and ends at 35:27. Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was an extremely devout and pious king who put forth a valiant effort to save as many souls as he could before he returned Home to Father, and for both, his sincere reverence for Father, and his righteous efforts, Father Blessed him richly. Now though, it's time for him to return Home to Father, and we'll read of his death in the next verse.

II Kings 23:29 In his days Pharaoh-nechoh (lame) (par-o' nek-o') king of Egypt (land of the copts) (mits-rah'-yim) went up against the king of Assyria ([in the sense of successful]) (Ash-shoor’) to the river Euphrates (to break forth; rushing; Perath (that is, Euphrates); or, the good and abounding river (per-awth'): and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo ( rendezvous; or, place of crowns) (meg-id-do’), when he had seen him.   —>   Dr. Bullinger states in his Companion Bible the following: “Nechoh II, the sixth king of the twenty-sixth dynasty. His father was a tributary to Assyria; but, had secured independence for Egypt.”. II Chronicles 35:20-23 gives a pretty good accounting of what happened here; so, let’s read it: II Chronicles 35:20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him. [35:21] But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, What have I to do with thee, thou king of Judah? I come not against thee this day, but against the house wherewith I have war: for God commanded me to make haste: forbear thee from meddling with God, Who is with me, that He destroy thee not. [35:22] Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo. [35:23]And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, Have me away; for I am sore wounded.. Biblical Scholar Josephus also gives a good accounting of what transpired in all this, and I'll include his writing here as well: “NOW Neco, king of Egypt, raised an army, and marched to the river Euphrates, in order to fight with the Medes and Babylonians, who had overthrown the dominion of the Assyrians, for he had a desire to reign over Asia. Now when he was come to the city Mendes, which belonged to the kingdom of Josiah, he brought an army to hinder him from passing through his own country, in his expedition against the Medes. Now Neco sent a herald to Josiah, and told him that he did not make this expedition against him, but was making haste to Euphrates; and desired that he would not provoke him to fight against him, because he obstructed his march to the place whither he had resolved to go. But Josiah did not admit of this advice of Neco, but put himself into a posture to hinder him from his intended march. I suppose it was fate that pushed him on this conduct, that it might take an occasion against him; for as he was setting his army in array, and rode about in his chariot, from one wing of his army to another, one of the Egyptians shot an arrow at him, and put an end to his eagerness of fighting; for being sorely wounded, he command a retreat to be sounded for his army, and returned to Jerusalem, and died of that wound; and was magnificently buried in the sepulcher of his fathers, when he had lived thirty- nine years, and of them had reigned thirty-one.”.

The king of Assyria=i.e., the king of Babylon, who had just conquered Nineveh the rival capital.

Pharaoh-nechoh=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H6549, - פַּרְעֹה נְכֹה, or פַּרְעֹה נְכוֹ, - par‛ôh nekôh, or par‛ôh nekô, pronounced - par-o' nek-o', or par-o' nek-o', and means: Of Egyptian derivation; Paroh Nekoh (or Neko), an Egyptian king: - Pharaoh-necho, Pharaoh-nechoh. Total KJV occurrences: 5., and now from the Easton’s Bible Dictionary: “An Egyptian king, the son and successor of Psammetichus (B.C. 610-594), the contemporary of Josiah, king of Judah. For some reason he proclaimed war against the king of Assyria. He led forth a powerful army and marched northward, but was met by the king of Judah at Megiddo, who refused him a passage through his territory. Here a fierce battle was fought and Josiah was slain II Chronicles 35:20-24. Possibly, as some suppose, Necho may have brought his army by sea to some port to the north of Dor (Compare Joshua 11:2; 12:23), a Phoenician town at no great distance from Megiddo. After this battle Necho marched on to Carchemish (q.v.), where he met and conquered the Assyrian army, and thus all the Syrian provinces, including Palestine, came under his dominion. On his return march he deposed Jehoahaz, who had succeeded his father Josiah, and made Eliakim, Josiah's eldest son, whose name he changed into Jehoiakim, king. Jehoahaz he carried down into Egypt, where he died II Kings 23:31; II Chronicles 36:1-4. Four years after this conquest Necho again marched to the Euphrates; but here he was met and his army routed by the Chaldeans under Nebuchadnezzar, who drove the Egyptians back, and took from them all the territory they had conquered, from the Euphrates unto the "river of Egypt" Jeremiah 24:7,8; 46:2. Soon after this Necho died, and was succeeded by his son, Psammetichus II. (See NEBUCHADNEZZAR.)”.

Egypt=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H4714, - מצרים, - Mitsrayim, pronounced - Mits-rah'-yim, and means: Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt: - Egypt, Egyptians, Mizraim., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A country occupying the northeast angle of Africa. Its limits appear always to have been very nearly the same. It is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by Palestine, Arabia and the Red Sea, on the south by Nubia, and on the west by the Great Desert. It is divided into upper Egyptthe valley of the Nileand lower Egypt, the plain of the Delta, from the Greek letter; it is formed by the branching mouths of the Nile, and the Mediterranean Sea. The portions made fertile by the Nile comprise about 9582 square geographical miles, of which only about 5600 is under cultivation. Encyclopedia Britannica. The Delta extends about 200 miles along the Mediterranean, and Egypt Isaiah 520 miles long from north to south from the sea to the First Cataract. NAMES. The common name of Egypt in the Bible is "Mizraim." It is in the dual number, which indicates the two natural divisions of the country into an upper and a lower region. The Arabic name of EgyptMizrsignifies "red mud." Egypt is also called in the Bible "the land of Ham" Psalm 105:23,27, with which we can compare with Psalm 78:51. A name most probably referring to Ham the son of Noah and "Rahab," the proud or insolent: these appear to be poetical appellations. The common ancient Egyptian name of the country is written in hieroglyphics Kem, which was perhaps pronounced Chem. This name signifies, in the ancient language and in Coptic, "black," on account of the blackness of its alluvial soil. We may reasonably conjecture that Kem is the Egyptian equivalent of Ham. GENERAL APPEARANCE, CLIMATE, ETC. The general appearance of the country cannot have greatly changed since the days of Moses. The whole country is remarkable for its extreme fertility, which especially strikes the beholder when the rich green of the fields is contrasted with the utterly bare, yellow mountains or the sand-strewn rocky desert on either side. The climate is equable and healthy. Rain is not very infrequent on the northern coast, but inland is very rare. Cultivation nowhere depends upon it. The inundation of the Nile fertilizes and sustains the country, and makes the river its chief blessing. The Nile was on this account anciently worshipped. The rise begins in Egypt about the summer solstice, and the inundation commences about two months later. The greatest height is attained about or somewhat after the autumnal equinox. The inundation lasts about three months. The atmosphere, except on the seacoast, is remarkably dry and clear, which accounts for the so perfect preservation of the monuments, with their pictures and inscriptions. The heat is extreme during a large part of the year. The winters are mild, from 50.”.

Assyria= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H804, - אשׁוּר, or אשּׁר, - 'ashshûr, or 'ashshûr, pronounced - ash-shoor', or ash-shoor', and means: Apparently from H833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire: - Asshur, Assur, Assyria, Assyrians. See H838., and now from the Smith's Bible Dictionary: “Was a great and powerful country lying on the Tigris Genesis 2:14, the capital of which was Nineveh Genesis 10:11. It derived its name apparently from Asshur, the son of Shem Genesis 10:22, who in later times was worshipped by the Assyrians as their chief god. Extent. The boundaries of Assyria differed greatly at different periods, Probably in the earliest times it was confined to a small tract of low country lying chiefly on the left bank of the Tigris. Gradually its limits were extended, until it came to be regarded as comprising the whole region between the Armenian mountains (lat. 37 30') upon the north, and upon the south the country about Baghdad (lat. 33 30'). Eastward its boundary was the high range of Zagros, or mountains of Kurdistan; westward it was, according to the views of some, bounded by the Mesopotamian desert, while according to others it reached the Euphrates. General character of the country. On the north and east the high mountain-chains of Armenia and Kurdistan are succeeded by low ranges of limestone hills of a somewhat arid aspect. To these ridges there succeeds at first an undulating zone of country, well watered and fairly productive, which extends in length for 250 miles, and is interrupted only by a single limestone range. Above and below this barrier is an immense level tract, now for the most part a wilderness, which bears marks of having been in early times well cultivated and thickly peopled throughout. Original peopling. Scripture informs us that Assyria was peopled from Babylon Genesis 10:11, and both classical tradition and the monuments of the country agree in this representation. Date of the foundation of the kingdom. As a country, Assyria was evidently known to Moses Genesis 2:14; 25:18; Numbers 24:22,24. The foundation of the Assyrian empire was probably not very greatly anterior to B.C. 1228. History. The Mesopotamian researches have rendered it apparent that the original seat of government was not at Nineveh, but at Kileh-Sherghat, on the right bank of the Tigris. The most remarkable monarch of the earlier kings was called Tiglath-pileser. He appears to have been king towards the close of the twelfth century, and thus to have been contemporary with Samuel. Afterwards followed Pul, who invaded Israel in the reign of Menahem II Kings 15:29, and Shalmaneser who besieged Samaria three years, and destroyed the kingdom of Israel, himself or by his successor Sargon, who usurped the throne at that time. Under Sargon the empire was as great as at any former era, and Nineveh became a most beautiful city. Sargon's son Sennacherib became the most famous of the Assyrian kings. He began to reign. He invaded the kingdom of Judea in the reign of Hezekiah. He was followed by Esarhaddon, and he by a noted warrior and builder, Sardanapalus. In Scripture it is remarkable that we hear nothing of Assyria after the reign of Esarhaddon, and profane history is equally silent until the attacks began which brought about her downfall. The fall of Assyria, long previously prophesied by Isaiah Isaiah 10:5-19, was effected by the growing strength and boldness of the Medes, about 625 B.C. The prophecies of Nahum and Zephaniah Zephaniah 2:13-15 against Assyria were probably delivered shortly before the catastrophe. General character of the empire. The Assyrian monarchs bore sway over a number of petty kings through the entire extent of their dominions. These native princes were feudatories of the great monarch, of whom they held their crown by the double tenure of homage and tribute. It is not quite certain how far Assyria required a religious conformity from the subject people. Her religion was a gross and complex polytheism, comprising the worship of thirteen principal and numerous minor divinities, at the head of all of whom stood the chief god, Asshur, who seems to be the deified patriarch of the nation Genesis 10:22. Civilization of the Assyrians. The civilization of the Assyrians was derived originally from the Babylonians. They were a Shemitic race originally resident in Babylonia (which at that time was Cushite) and thus acquainted with the Babylonian inventions and discoveries, who ascended the valley of the Tigris and established in the tract immediately below the Armenian mountains a separate and distinct nationality. Still, as their civilization developed it became in many respects peculiar. Their art is of home growth. But they were still in the most important points barbarians. Their government was rude and inartificial, their religion coarse and sensual, and their conduct of war cruel. Modern discoveries in Assyria. (Much interest has been excited in reference to Assyria by the discoveries lately made there, which confirm and illustrate the Bible. The most important of them is the finding of the stone tablets or books which formed the great library at Nineveh, founded by Shalmaneser, but embodying tablets written 2000 years B.C. This library was more than doubled by Sardanapalus. These tablets were broken into fragments, but many of them have been put together and deciphered by the late Mr. George Smith, of the British Museum. All these discoveries of things hidden for ages, but now come to light, confirm the Bible. ED.)”.

Euphrates=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6578, - פְּרָת, - perâth, pronounced - per-awth', and means: From an unused root meaning to break forth; rushing; Perath (that is, Euphrates), a river of the East: - Euphrates. Total KJV occurrences: 19., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Is probably a word of Aryan origin, signifying "the good and abounding river." It is most frequently denoted in the Bible by the term "the river." The Euphrates is the largest, the longest and by far the most important of the rivers of western Asia. It rises from two chief sources in the Armenian mountains, and flows into the Persian Gulf. The entire course Isaiah 1780miles, and of this distance more than two-thirds (1200 miles) is navigable for boats. The width of the river is greatest at the distance of 700 or 800 miles from its mouth --that is to say, from it junction with the Khabour to the village of Werai . It there averages 400 yards. The annual inundation of the Euphrates is caused by the melting of the snows in the Armenian highlands. It occurs in the month of May. The great hydraulic works ascribed to Nebuchadnezzar had for their chief object to control the inundation. The Euphrates is first mentioned in Scripture as one of the four rivers of Eden Genesis 2:14. We next hear of it in the covenant made with Abraham Genesis 15:18. During the reigns of David and Solomon it formed the boundary of the promised land to the northeast Deuteronomy 11:24; Joshua 1:4. Prophetical reference to the Euphrates is found in Jeremiah 13:4-7; 46:2-10; 51:63; Revelation 9:14; 16:12. "The Euphrates is linked with the most important events in ancient history. On its banks stood the city of Babylon; the army of Necho was defeated on its banks by Nebuchadnezzar; Cyrus the Younger and Crassus perished after crossing it; Alexander crossed it, and Trajan and Severus descended it." --Appleton's Cyc.”.

Megiddo=This was the southern margin of the plain of Esdraelon, celebrated for Syria's defeat by Barak as read in Judges 5:19. First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4023, - מְגִדּוֹן, or מְגִדּוֹ, - megiddôn, or megiddô, pronounced - meg-id-done', or meg-id-do', and means: From H1413; rendezvous; Megiddon or Megiddo, a place in Palestine: - Megiddo, Megiddon. Total KJV occurrences: 12., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Was in a very marked position on the southern rim of the plain of Esdraelon, on the frontier line of the territories of the tribes of Issachar and Manasseh, 6 miles from Mount Carmel and 11 from Nazareth. It commanded one of those passes from the north into the hill country which were of such critical importance on various occasions in the history of Judea Judith 4:7. The first mention occurs in Joshua 12:21 where Megiddo appears as the city of one of the kings whom Joshua defeated on the west of the Jordan. The song of Deborah brings the place vividly before us, as the scene of the great conflict between Sisera and Barak. When Pharaoh-necho came from Egypt against the king of Assyria, Josiah joined the latter, and was slain at Megiddo II Kings 23:29; II Chronicles 35:22-24. Megiddo is the modern el-Lejjun , which is undoubtedly the Legio of Eusebius and Jerome. There is a copious stream flowing down the gorge, and turning some mills before joining the Kishon. Here are probably the "waters of Megiddo" of Judges 5:19.”.

II Kings 23:30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the People of the land took Jehoahaz (YHVH seized; or, whom YAH sustains) (yeh-ho-aw-khawz') the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's stead.   —>   After dying from being hit with the archers arrow, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's servants led his team of horses and chariot back to Jerusalem in order to bury him. Nobody is really quite sure why he chose to try and interfere with Father's Plan of Pharaoh-necho invading Assyria, me thinks it was for the exact reason as to what transpired, i.e., in order to be killed so that Father's Plan for Yo-she-yaw-hoo come to pass. Remember, Father told him that he would die in peace and not see the calamity which Father was to bring upon Judah for their turning their backs on Him and serving and worshiping all the false gods they were serving.

In either case, the people mourned greatly for their beloved king, and after burying Yo-she-yaw'-hoo with full honors in the burial place with all the righteous kings of Judah, they then made his son Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' king over the Nation. Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was the last righteous king of the Nation of the House of Judah. It's all downhill from here and it'll only be roughly 23 years until Judah is taken into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon.

It's funny as; in making Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' king, the people by-passed Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's eldest son, whose name was El-yaw-keem' (Eliakim), to do so. Again, I like what Josephus wrote concerning the mourning of the people for Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, and will include it here: “But all the people mourned greatly for him, lamenting and grieving on his account many days; and Jeremiah the prophet composed an elegy to lament him, which is extant till tills time also. Moreover, this prophet denounced beforehand the sad calamities that were coming upon the city. He also left behind him in writing a description of that destruction of our nation which has lately happened in our days, and the taking of Babylon; nor was he the only prophet who delivered such predictions beforehand to the multitude, but so did Ezekiel also, who was the first person that wrote, and left behind him in writing two books concerning these events. Now these two prophets were priests by birth, but of them Jeremiah dwelt in Jerusalem, from the thirteenth year of the reign of Josiah, until the city and temple were utterly destroyed. However, as to what befell this prophet, we will relate it in its proper place.”.

Jehoahaz= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3059, - יְהוֹאָחָז, - yehô'âchâz, pronounced - yeh-ho-aw-khawz', and means: From H3068 and H270; Jehovah seized; Jehoachaz, the name of three Israelites: - Jehoahaz. Compare H3099. Total KJV occurrences: 23., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Jehoahaz, otherwise called Shallum, son of Josiah, whom he succeeded as king of Judah. He was chosen by the people in preference to his elder brother, compare with II Kings 23:31 and II Kings 23:36, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. Pharaoh-necho sent to Jerusalem to depose him and to fetch him to Riblah. There he was cast into chains, and from thence he was taken into Egypt, where he died.”.

23:31-35 Jehoahaz.
23:31-35 JEHOAHAZ. (Division.)
23:31 Appointment by people. (v. 30).

II Kings 23:31 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal (father in law of dew; or, akin to the dew) (Kahm-ee-tal'), the daughter of Jeremiah (YAH will rise; or, whom YHVH has appointed) (yir-meh-yaw'-hoo) of Libnah (whiteness) (Lib-naw’).   —>   In their by-passing El-yaw-keem' in favor of Yeh-ho-aw-khawz, it really didn't do them any good as, as we read here, Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' only reigned for three months as; because, as we'll read in another few verses, while pharaoh-nechoh the king of Egypt was returning from engaging and defeating the Assyrians in war, he took Yeh-ho-aw-khawzwho was acting very much as his great-grand father Man-ash-sheh' had and again turned the people's hearts after other false godsinto custody, chaining him and carrying him back to Egypt with him, where he ended up dying. Pharaoh-nechoh set Yeh-ho-aw-khawz's older brother El-yaw-keem' as king over the Nation and then instituted a tribute on Judah of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. 

Hamutal=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2537, - חֲמוּטַל, or חֲמִיטַל, - chămûṭal, or chămı̂yṭal, pronounced - kham-oo-tal', or kham-ee-tal', and means: From H2524 and H2919; father in law of dew; Chamutal or Chamital, an Israelitess: - Hamutal. Total KJV occurrences: 3., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah; one of the wives of King Josiah II Kings 23:31; 24:18; Jeremiah 52:1.”.

Jeremiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3414, - יִרְמְיָה, or יִרְמְיָהוּ, - yirmeyâh, or yirmeyâhû, pronounced - yir-meh-yaw', or yir-meh-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H7311 and H3050; Jah will rise; Jirmejah, the name of eight or nine Israelites: - Jeremiah. Total KJV occurrences: 147., This is not our Father’s Prophet Jeremiah; he is though, a Levite and most likely a priest as he is from Libnah, one of the Levitical Sanctuary cities.

Libnah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3841, - לבנה, - Libnâh, pronounced - Lib-naw', and means: The same as H3839; Libnah, a place in the Desert and one in Palestine: - Libnah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ A royal city of the Canaanites which lay in the southwest part of the Holy Land, taken by Joshua immediately after the rout of Beth-horon. It was near Lachish, west of Makkedah. It was appropriated with its "suburbs" to the priests Joshua 21:13; I Chronicles 6:57. In the reign of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat it "revolted" form Judah at the same time with Edom II Kings 8:22; II Chronicles 21:10. Probably the modern Ayak el-Menshiyeh.”.

23:32 Personal character.

II Kings 23:32 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.   —>   Yeh-ho-aw-khawz’s father Yo-she-yaw’-hoo had set a good example for his son, he cleansed the Temple, brought back the reading of Father’s Word, and he even went so far as re-instituting the Passover, and not only re-instituting it; but, holding one of the grandest Passovers of all time in the Nation of the House of Jacob's history. Now, though, here we read that his son Yeh-ho-aw-khawz was an unrighteous king and followed in the footsteps ofby doing exactly likehis grand-father Aw-mone', his great grand-father Man-ash-sheh' and many other of his evil grand-fathers before him.

Who knows what caused Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' to go back to the ways of his grand-fathers; for, it happens in every generation when the son of a good man turns out to be evil. For whatever the reason, Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' sought to do unrighteousness in all that he did; and as we know from reading of the history of our forefathers and seeing over and over again, as the king goes, so goes the Nation.

23:33-35 Appointment by Pharo-nechoh.

II Kings 23:33 And Pharaoh-nechoh put him in bands at Riblah (to be fruitful, fertile; or, fertility) (rib-kaw’) in the land of Hamath (walled; or, fortress)(kham-awth'), that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold.   —>   So, as pharaoh-nechoh was returning to Egypt from defeating the Assyrians, he stopped in Hamatheyes and ears open brethren as; we know who is in Hamath, i.e., the satan's children: the kenitesanyway, while Nechoh is there, he sends a message to Jerusalem for Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' to come to Hamath, once there, he put him in chains and will take him back to Egypt with him.

It's sad really as, as the people of Judah are rapidly finding out, Nechoh has complete dominion over them and their lives. When Yo-she-yaw'-hoo was killed on the battlefield, the people of Judah made his son Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' the younger brother of El-yaw-keem' king over them; however, as they're now seeing, Nechoh didn't agree with their decision and said in essence, "not so fast" as; he is exerting his authority and will place his puppet El-yaw-keem' as rulerread that, his vassalover them.

Nechoh=This is the first mention in all of Father's Word of a proper name being attached with the title Pharaoh, in this case it's: Pharaoh-necho, who was\is also called simply: Nechoh. All through the Book of the Exodus and other places in Father's Word where a pharaoh is mentioned, there is no name associated with the title, just simply the title pharaoh.

Riblah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7247, - רִבְלָה, - riblâh, pronounced - rib-law', and means: From an unused root meaning to be fruitful; fertile; Riblah, a place in Syria: - Riblah. Total KJV occurrences: 11., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the landmarks on the eastern boundary of the land of Israel, as specified by Moses Numbers 34:11. It seems hardly possible, without entirely disarranging the specification or the boundary, that the Riblah in question can be the same with the following: Riblah in the land of Hamath, a place on the great road between Palestine and Babylonia, at which the kings of Babylonia were accustomed to remain while directing the operations of their armies in Palestine and Phoenicia. Here Nebuchadnezzer waited while the sieges of Jerusalem and of Tyre were being conducted by his lieutenants Jeremiah 39:5,6; 62:9,10,26,27; II Kings 25:6,20,21. In like manner Pharaoh-necho after his victory over the Babylonians at Carchemish, returned to Riblah and summoned Jehoahaz from Jerusalem before himII Kings 23:33. This Riblah still retains its ancient name, on the right (east) bank of the el-Asy (Orontes) upon the great road which connects Baalbek and Hums , about 36 miles northeast of the former end 20 miles southwest of the latter place.”.

Hamath= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2574, - חמת, - chămâth, pronounced - kham-awth', and means: From the same as H2346; walled; Chamath, a place in Syria: - Hamath, Hemath., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The principal city of upper Syria, was situated in the valley of the Orontes, which it commanded from the low screen of hills which forms the water-shed between the source of the Orontes and Antioch. The Hamathites were a Hamitic race, and are included among the descendants of Canaan Genesis 10:18. Nothing appears of the power of Hamath until the time of David II Chronicles 8:9. Hamath seems clearly to have been included in the dominions of Solomon I Kings 14:21-24. The "store-cities" which Solomon "built in Hamath" II Chronicles 8:4, were perhaps staples for trade. In the Assyrian inscriptions of the time of Ahab Hamath appears as a separate power, in alliance with the Syrians of Damascus, the Hittites and the Phoenicians. About three-quarters of a century later Jeroboam the Second "recovered Hamath" II Kings 14:28. Soon afterwards the Assyrians took it II Kings 18:34; 19:13, etc., and from this time it ceased to be a place of much importance. Antiochus Epiphanes changed its name to Epiphaneia. The natives, however, called it Hamath even in St. Jerome's time, and its present name, Hamah , is but slightly altered from the ancient form..”

II Kings 23:34 And Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim ( YAH of raising; or, raised up by YAH) (El-yaw-keem') the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim (YHVH will raise; or, whom YHVH sets up) (yeh-ho-yaw-keem'), and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.   —>   Not only did Nechoh show the people that he was in charge of their lives by replacing their choice of Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' with his older brother El-yaw-keem' as their king; but, he went even further by changing his name from El-yaw-keem' to Yeh-ho-yaw-keem'.

...He came to Egypt...he died there=Thus fulfilling the prophesy of Jeremiah 22:12 where we read that Yeh-ho-aw-khawz' had another name: Shallum.

Eliakim=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H471, - אליקים, - 'Elyâqı̂ym, pronounced - El-yaw-keem', and means: From H410 and H6965; God of raising; Eljakim, the name of four Israelites: - Eliakim., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The original name of Jehoiakim king of JudahII Kings 23:34; II Chronicles 36:4.”.

Jehoiakim= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3079, - יְהוֹיָקִים, - yehôyâqı̂ym, pronounced - yeh-ho-yaw-keem', and means: From H3068 abbreviated and H6965; Jehovah will raise; Jehojakim, a Jewish king: - Jehoiakim. Compare H3113. Total KJV occurrences: 37., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Called Eliakim, son of Josiah and king of Judah. After deposing Jehoahaz, Pharaoh-necho set Eliakim, his elder brother, upon the throne, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. For four years Jehoiakim was subject toi Egypt, when Nebuchadnezzar, after a short siege, entered Jerusalem, took the king prisoner, bound him in fetters to carry him to Babylon, and took also some of the precious vessels of the temple and carried them to the land of Shinar. Jehoiakim became tributary to Nebuchadnezzar after his invasion of Judah, and continued so for three years, but at the end of that time broke his oath of allegiance and rebelled against himII Kings 24:1. Nebuchadnezzar sent against him numerous bands of Chaldeans, with Syrians, Moabites and AmmonitesII Kings 24:7, and who cruelly harassed the whole country. Either in an engagement with some of these forces or else by the hand of his own oppressed subjects Jehoiakim came to a violent end in the eleventh year of his reign. His body was cast out ignominiously on the ground, and then was dragged away and buried "with the burial of an ass," without pomp or lamentation, "beyond the gates of Jerusalem" Jeremiah 22:18-19; 36:30. All the accounts we have of Jehoiakim concur in ascribing to him a vicious and irreligious character II Kings 23:37; 24:9; II Chronicles 36:5.”.

II Kings 23:35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaoh-nechoh.   —>   Every single the ounce of the taxation collected from each of the land owners went not to anything in Judah; but, to the king of Egypt. My how they have fallen, during David and Solomon's reigns, Israel was the mightiest Nation in the world and all the surrounding nations paid tribute to them; not any longer, now they are paying out tribute to other nations more mighty and powerful than they.

This will be the very last time that the children of the house of Judah would have a time of blessing from our Father; however, shortly they will go into captivity, and Father is going to punish them because of their forsaking Him and, and leaning on their false gods and idols, and now Egypt. We have seen over the past ten chapters that the house of Judah had come to a point of sinning far more than their brothers of the house of Israel ever had, and Father had punished their brethren Israel and sent them into captivity and scattered them over the face of the earth.

23:36-24:7 Jehoiakim
23:36-24:7 JEHOIAKIM. (Alternation.)
23:36 Introduction.

II Kings 23:36 Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zebudah (giving; or, bestowed) (zeb-ee-daw'), the daughter of Pedaiah (YAH has ransomed; or, whom YHVH redeems (ped-aw-yaw'-hoo) of Rumah (height; or, high)(roo-maw’).   —>   Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' may have reigned in Jerusalem for 11 years; however, his reign is really nothing as; he is only king in title; for, he is nothing more than a vassal king of nechoh's, meaning, he is only there to do nechoh's bidding and collect the tribute which nechoh has burdened Judah with.

He reigned eleven years=Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' was put over the Nation of the House of Judah in the year 499 B.C. until his death in the year 488 B.C., which means that it will only be another 11 to 12 years before the Nation goes into captivity to Babylon for 70 years. When Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' dies, his son Yeh-ho-yaw-keen' (Jehoiachin) will take the throne for 3 months, and then Judah's last king, Mat-tan-yaw'-hoo (Mattaniah) who will have his name changed to Tsid-kee-yaw'-hoo (Zedekiah) will be set upon the throne for Judah's last 11 years. 

What is not stated here, is that, Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' also made an arrangement with nechoh for him to protect Judah from the king of Babylon. In this we see that Yeh-ho-yaw-keem' is now leaning on man and not Father, and not only that; but, which man? The king of Egypt, the same people who had held Israel captive and put them in bondage for 400 years.

Zebudah= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2080, - זְבִידָה, - zebı̂ydâh, pronounced - zeb-ee-daw', and means: Feminine from H2064; giving; Zebidah, an Israelitess: - Zebudah. Total KJV occurrences: 1., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Wife of Josiah and mother of King Jehoiakim II Kings 23:36.”.

Pedaiah= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H6305, - פְּדָיָה, or פְּדָיָהוּ, - pedâyâh, or pedâyâhû, pronounced - ped-aw-yaw', or ped-aw-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H6299 and H3050; Jah has ransomed; Pedajah, the name of six Israelites: - Pedaiah. Total KJV occurrences: 8., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The father of Zebudah, mother of King Jehoiakim II Kings 23:38.”.

Rumah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H7316, - רוּמָה, - rûmâh, pronounced - roo-maw', and means: From H7311; height; Rumah, a place in Palestine: - Rumah. Total KJV occurrences: 1., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Mentioned once only II Kings 23:36. It has been conjectured to be the same place as Arumah Judges 9:41, which was apparently near Shechem. It is more probable that it is identical with Dumah Joshua 15:52.”.

23:37 Events. Personal.

II Kings 23:37 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done.   —>   Judah,because of their own rebellious actions against Fatheris now riding the rails, and are on a collision course with their destiny of going into captivity to the king of Babylon.



Dec 2016


This Bible Study was written by Scott Reis and is provided in order to be used as a private Bible Study Tool. Therefore, it may be copied in whole or in part and shared for private Bible Study; however, it may not be reproduced and published as an original work.


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