|* II Kings 22
II Kings 21 opened with bringing us the most evil king in all Judah and Israel's history: Man-ash-sheh'. Man-ash-sheh' was the son of one of Israel's most righteous—if not the most, possibly falling only behind king David, and even that is questionable as, I believe Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo (Hezekiah) was indeed more righteous than David; however, at the end of his life Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo did serve other false gods; whereas, David had not; but, for sure Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo did have more faith in Father than David—kings: Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo. Man-ash-sheh' was even more evil and vile than kings akh-awb' (Ahab), aw-khawz' (Ahaz), and yeh-ho-shaw-fawt' (Jehoshaphat).
It's almost funny—in a non-humorous kind of way—that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo began his reign being very righteous and having much faith in Father; however, after Father extended his life by those fifteen years, he then sank into idolatry; conversely, his son Man-ash-sheh' began his reign committing much idolatry; but, after Father sent him and his kingdom into captivity to Esar-haddon the king of Assyria who carried them to Babylon; he Prayed to Father who heard his Prayer and restored him and his People to Jerusalem where Man-ash-sheh' turned his life around and began to honor, serve and worship Father. Then after having reigned for 55 years, Man-ash-sheh' died and returned Home to Father at the age of 67, leaving his son Amon to rule the Nation.
Amon was 22 when he began his reign and he did as his father had at the beginning of his reign,—of course, most of this was because of his mother's influence over him—he dug out his father's old graven golden image of his asherah grove, all the idolatrous altars, false gods, the other graven images, and idols and served them to the dismay of his servants who rose up against him and murdered him. Upon hearing of his murder by his servants, the People of Jerusalem rose up against them and slew them. Amon only reigned for two years until his servant had killed him and he returned Home to Father at the age of 24, leaving his 8 year old son Josiah to rule the Nation.
This is where we pick up this Study of II Kings 22, in the year 531 B.C., with a boy of 8 Ruling over a Nation. We will discover that young Josiah will have a most excellent disposition, he'll be naturally virtuous, and that he’ll follow the actions of king David as a template to rule himself and the Nation in the entire conduct of his life. Unfortunately for the Nation, Josiah will be her last righteous king as; it'll be all downhill after he dies and returns Home to Father.
Let’s now go back and do a little review from over 300 years previous to this as; we’ll go back to when we first heard the name Josiah mentioned. It was when we read I Kings 13; see I Kings 12 saw Jeroboam—whom Father said in I Kings 11 was going to be the first king over the House of Israel after He split the Nation into two separate nations—immediately turn from serving Father, to serving—and causing all Israel to serve—false gods and idols. He did this because he feared that if he allowed the People to return to Jerusalem to worship Father YHVH, that either Rehoboam would not allow them to return to Israel; or, the people themselves would desire to stay in the territories of Judah, and not want to return. Because of this fear, he became paranoid; therefore, he set up two altars with a golden calf in each, declaring them—the golden calves—to be the “gods” which brought our forefathers up out of Egypt. Jeroboam also allowed anybody who desired—and you could probably go to the bank with your last dollar that the nethinims were first in line—to become priests, and he himself also became one while serving his false gods. Not only did he consecrate his own priests; but, he also made up his own feast and feast days, one on the fifteenth day of the eighth month. See, to get to the point where Israel was at, it wasn’t too far a jump from when Solomon was king and brought in his foreign wives’ false gods and idols, it was for this that Father split the Nation in two in the first place. So, since they were already accustomed to worshipping any and everything under the sun, and the sun included, Jeroboam’s setting up altars in Dan and Beth-el was not that far-fetched, almost natural, if you will. So, anyway, we saw in I Kings 13 what Father thought of all that. If you’ll recall, He had already told Jeroboam that should he obey and be a doer of Father’s Commandments, Judgments, Laws, Ordinances, and Statutes, then He—Father—would Bless him and build him a “sure house,” in other words, He’d ensure Jeroboam would have a long line of descendants who would sit on the throne over Israel. We know this did not come to pass, as, Jeroboam had already tossed that aside because of his actions. But, this was also a Promise to us brethren, and it’s important we read the Promises that Father has given us in His Word. So, let’s review the first two verses of II Kings 13: I Kings 13:1 And, behold, there came a man of God out of Judah by the word of the LORD unto Beth-el: and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense. —> So, as Jeroboam was standing next to the altar he had built in Beth-el, ready to burn incense, one of Father's Prophets came from Jerusalem to pronounce to him what Father had to say to Jeroboam concerning his actions: trust me, it wasn’t pretty, nor was it what Jeroboam wanted to hear. Why was Jeroboam acting as a priest? Because as we read in I Kings 12, Jeroboam had fired all the Levites, and they left and went down to Jerusalem. If you’ll recall, Father had separated the duties of Judges, or kings, from the priesthood over 100 years previous, as can be read in I Samuel 8, now—at least in Israel—Jeroboam is trying to tie them back together into one office again. Jeroboam thinks he knows better than Father and is thus rejecting all He has to say. He is about to find, that he is about to be rejected by Father. Let’s see, who do you think won that test of wills? I Kings 13:2 And he cried against the altar in the word of the LORD, and said, “O altar, altar, thus saith the LORD; ‘Behold, a child shall be born unto the house of David, Josiah by name; and upon thee shall he offer the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee, and men's bones shall be burnt upon thee.’” —> Once this Prophet of Father's entered the altar temple, he immediately went over to the altar and called out in a loud voice in order that all who were present could hear what Father had to say. What is it He had to say? That this abomination that Jeroboam was doing in building his own temples with altars and golden calves, his consecrating his own priests and acting as a priest himself, his creating his own feast days, and his causing all Israel to sin by worshipping everything under the sun, was going to come to a stop. That, though not that day; but, in the future—approximately 343 years from then—a child— the child that we’re reading of now, Josiah by name—will be born who will completely desecrate that altar of Jeroboam’s; whereby it will no longer be able to be used by the false priests to worship false gods and idols. As like always with Father's Word, it will come to pass, though it won't happen for another—on Father's Schedule—roughly 18 years of which we're reading of now; but, it surely will come to pass just the same, we'll be reading of it when we come to II Kings 23, whose reign will continue into that chapter.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: “Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen.”
18:1-24:20 JUDAH. (Division.)
22:1-23:30 JOSIAH. (Introversion
22:1 Introduction. Ascension.
II Kings 22:1 Josiah (founded of YAH; or, whom YHVH heals) (Yo-she-yaw'-hoo) was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace). And his mother's name was Jedidah (beloved; or, one beloved) (yed-ee-daw'), the daughter of Adaiah (Yah has adorned; or, Adorned by YHVH) (ad-aw-yaw'-hoo) of Boscath (a swell of ground; or, rocky height) (bots-cath’). —> As I pointed out while reading the verse, Josiah's mother's name when transliterated means beloved; or, one beloved, and with her son—as we're about to read—being a righteous king, she had to have been a righteous and virtuous woman herself, thus making her fulfilling her transliterated namesake.
Eight years old=Josiah is the second youngest king of Israel; young Yo-awsh' (Joash) was the youngest, he ascended the throne at the age of 7 years old, after being hid away from his wicked grandmother ath-al-yaw'-hoo (Athaliah) who slew all the seed royal and ascended the throne for herself. Next youngest—after young Josiah—will be Josiah's grandfather Man-ash-sheh' who ascended the throne at the age of 12. Contrast this with his father Amon who began his reign at the age of 12 and was bred under godly Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo (Hezekiah), young Josiah is beginning his rule at the age of 8 and was bred under ungodly Amon.
Thirty and one years=As I noted in my opening introduction, it's the year 531 B.C., and now knowing that Josiah will rule for 31 years, this will take us to the year 500 B.C., only 500 years before the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Jedidah=This name should sound familiar to you brethren as; it is similar to the name that Father gave to Israel's third man king: Solomon. II Samuel 12:24 And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him. —> The reason that Bathsheba needed comforting was because the child she had bare to David which was conceived in adultery had died and returned Home to Father. After a time, David went back in unto Bath-sheba, and she again became pregnant. This time she bare another son, and as we see by his name — peaceful or peaceable, I believe David named him so because David was realizing he could once again have that sort of relationship with Father. As we know Father loved Solomon and it was Solomon who took over the throne from David, he would continue the king line; not the line through which Jesus would be born. So, take what happened after the death of David and Bath-sheba’s first child, and see how Father YHVH brought forth another child. In Solomon, Father fulfilled something which was not a blaspheme to Himself; but, a blessing to both He and man — even to our generation. Solomon wrote his book of love for the Father in the Song of Solomon. II Samuel 12:25 And He sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah (beloved of YAH; or, (beloved of YHVH), Jedid-jah (darling of YHVH)), because of the LORD. —> He=Father YHVH. Father wanted this child, whom David named — Solomon, to be named Jedidiah, He therefore, sent His servant—the prophet Nathan—to David, in order to change Solomon’s name to Jedidiah. So, though to this day, we know him as Solomon, know also that Father said, his name as I named him is — Jedidiah.
Josiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2977, - יאשׁיּה, or יאשׁיּהוּ, - yô'shı̂yâh, or yô'shı̂yâhû, pronounced - yo-she-yaw', or yo-she-yaw'-hoo, and means: From the same root as H803 and H3050; founded of Jah; Joshijah, the name of two Israelites: - Josiah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The son of Amon and Jedidah, succeeded his father in the eighth year of his age, and reigned 31 years. His history is contained in II Kings 22:1; II Kings 24:30; II Chronicles 34:1; II Chronicles 35:1 and the first twelve chapters of Jeremiah throw much light upon the general character of the Jews in his day. He began in the eighth year of his reign to seek the Lord; and in his twelfth year, and for six years afterward, in a personal progress throughout all the land of Judah and Israel, he destroyed everywhere high places, groves, images and all outward signs and relics of idolatry. The temple was restored under a special commission; and in the course of the repairs Hilkiah the priest found that book of the law of the Lord which quickened so remarkably the ardent zeal of the king. He was aided by Jeremiah the prophet in spreading through his kingdom the knowledge and worship of Jehovah. The great day of Josiah's life was the day of the passover in the eighteenth year of his reign. After this his endeavors to abolish every trace of idolatry and superstition were still carried on; but the time drew near which had been indicated by Huldah II Kings 22:20. When Pharaoh-necho went from Egypt to Carchemish to carry on his war along the seacoast. Necho reluctantly paused and gave him battle in the valley of Esdraelon. Josiah was mortally wounded, and died before he could reach Jerusalem. He was buried with extraordinary honors..”
Jerusalem=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3389, - ירוּשׁלם , or ירוּשׁלים , - Yerûshâlaim, or Yerûshâlayim pronounced - Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im, or Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-yim , and means: A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine: - Jerusalem.. The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.
Jedidah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3040, - יְדִידָה, - yedı̂ydâh, pronounced - yed-ee-daw', and means: Feminine of H3039; beloved; Jedidah, an Israelitess: - Jedidah. Total KJV occurrences: 1., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Queen of Amon and mother of the good king Josiah II Kings 22:1.”.
Adaiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5718, - עֲדָיָה , or עֲדָיָהוּ , - ‛ădâyâh, or ‛ădâyâhû, pronounced - ad-aw-yaw', or ad-aw-yaw'-hoo , and means: From H5710 and H3050; Jah has adorned; Adajah, the name of eight Israelites: - Adaiah. Total KJV occurrences: 9., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Maternal grandfather of King Josiah, and native of Boscath in the lowlands of Judah II Kings 22:1.”.
Boscath=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1218, - בָּצְקַת, - botsqath, pronounced - bots-cath', and means: From H1216; a swell of ground; Botscath, a place in Palestine: - Bozcath, Boskath. Total KJV occurrences: 2., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “II Kings 22:1, see bozkath.”.
22:2 Event. Personal well-doing.
II Kings 22:2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in all the way of David (loving; or, well-beloved) (Daw-veed’) his father, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left. —> Obviously David was not Josiah's father; however, he was his grandfather to the 17th generation; but, what this verse also shows us is that, as always, the righteous kings were always compared to David; whereas, the unjust kings were compared against Ahab, surprisingly, not Man-ash-sheh'.
What we'll see in the next few verses brethren, is classic Hebrew writing; where, the writer will give the outcome, or result, and then he'll give the details to what actually transpired; but, I'll give you some of the details up front in order to assist in understanding what all Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is doing in his young age and reign over the House of Judah.
Young king Yo-she-yaw’-hoo (Josiah) sought to know Father, and he tried to please him in all that he did, and like several of his ancestor kings before him, he is beginning his reign correctly by doing those things which are pleasing to Father, what was he doing? For our answer to that question we can turn to II Chronicles 34 which runs parallel to this Chapter and gives greater detail,—II Chronicles 34 picks up in Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's 8th year; whereas, the next verse here in II Kings 22 picks up in his 18th year—it reads: II Chronicles 34:3 For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young, he began to seek after the God of David his father: and in the twelfth year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem from the high places, and the groves, and the carved images, and the molten images. —> Young Yo-she-yaw'-hoo had excellent advisors, beginning with his mother, she raised him to know Father. Then, during his first year of his reign,—approximately 530 B.C.—Father's Prophet Zephaniah began his prophesying, and even possibly advising and mentoring the young king. Then, during his eighth year, when he was 16, he truly began his seeking of Father, and four years later at the age of 20, he began his purging of Judah of the all the asherah groves, and the idolatrous false gods and idols, this took a full 6 years to complete. One year later, during Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's thirteenth year,—approximately 518 B.C.—Father sent His Prophet Jeremiah to join in and also begin his leading, guiding, and prophesying. With both Zephaniah and Jeremiah leading young Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, he had as a minimum, two excellent counselors and guides leading and directing him on Father's path of righteousness. [34:4] And they brake down the altars of Baalim in his presence; and the images, that were on high above them, he cut down; and the groves, and the carved images, and the molten images, he brake in pieces, and made dust of them, and strowed it upon the graves of them that had sacrificed unto them. —> And=You'll notice the next several verses here in—II Chronicles 34—begin with and contain several uses of the word “and,” this is known as a “polysyndeton,” and it means that there is much more which took place than what is actually being said; the second thing we notice is, the repetitious use of words or phrases similar in sense; but, different in sound and origin; such as: “break down;” “break in pieces;” “cut down;” “made dust of them;” and “strowed about,” what really stands out about these phrases is, the thoroughness of what Yo-she-yaw'-hoo did when he had all the false gods and idols destroyed. [34:5] And he burnt the bones of the priests upon their altars, and cleansed Judah and Jerusalem. —> On time, and as Father had one of His Prophets prophesy 361 years ago,—during the reign of Jeroboam and our reading of his reign, found in I Kings 13—the bones of Jeroboam and the priests who offered and burned incense to false gods up in the high places are now being burnt upon the altar Jeroboam had set up, in this, we also see the fulfillment of what Father Promised He would do should His Children walk contrary to Him as we can read of in Leviticus 26:27-29. [34:6] And so did he in the cities of Manasseh, and Ephraim, and Simeon, even unto Naphtali, with their mattocks round about. —> Remember, we're in the year 519 B.C., that means that the House of Israel has been taken into captivity by the Assyrians 92 years already; but, still, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is going into these cities which are occupied by the heathen peoples and destroying the false gods and idols, and he is even going so far as to desecrate the graves of those who worshiped them. The phrase “with their mattocks round about” is fancy way to say, “in their ruins.” [34:7] And when he had broken down the altars and the groves, and had beaten the graven images into powder, and cut down all the idols throughout all the land of Israel, he returned to Jerusalem. —> Yo-she-yaw'-hoo didn't stop until he was satisfied with the complete thoroughness of his work.
David=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1732, - דּוד, or דּויד, - dâvid, or dâvı̂yd, pronounced - daw-veed', or daw-veed' and means: From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse: - David., The description of David in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: David.
22:3-23:24 Josiah’s reformation.
22:3-23:24 JOSIAH’S REFORMATION.
22:3-7 Repairs of Temple.
II Kings 22:3 And it came to pass in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan (a species of rock rabbit (from its hiding), that is, probably the hyrax: - coney; or, coney) (shaw-fawn') the son of Azaliah (Yah has reserved; or, whom YHVH has reserved) (ats-al-yaw'-hoo), the son of Meshullam (allied; or, friend) ( mesh-ool-lawm'), the scribe, to the house of the LORD, saying, —> II Chronicles 34:8 reads slightly different and adds a few more people who went with Shaphan mentioned here: II Chronicles 34:8 Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land, and the house, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah, and Maaseiah the governor of the city, and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder, to repair the house of the LORD his God. —> So, as we see, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is not only sending Shaphan the scribe, he is also sending the Governor of the city and a royal recorder. Where is he sending them? As we read in our next verse, to the High Priest Hilkiah, in order to deliver the money owed the carpenters, builders, and masons. I know this and the next few verses read that these repairs began during Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's 18th year; however, when we come to II Kings 23:23 we'll read that the Passover will be held during Yo-sha-yaw'-hoo's 18th year; so, this supports my assertion that these repairs actually began during Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's 12th year after he had completed the purging of the false gods and idols, and were finished in his 18th year.
This isn't the first cleaning of Father's House; we read in II Kings 12 that young Ye-ho-awsh' or Yo-awsh' (Jehoash or Joash) who began reigning when he was 7,—782 B.C.—told the Priests and the Levities to begin repairs on Father's House; however, the repairs didn't actually take place until the 24th year or so of his reign, we next read of Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo (Hezekiah) effecting repairs to it—II Chronicles 29, 617 B.C.—during the first year of his reign.
Shaphan=Dr. Bullinger notes in his Companion Bible the following concerning this Shaphan the scribe and his list of relatives: “Eight relatives mentioned in II Kings and II Chronicles: (1) His grandfather, Meshullam (II Kings 22:3); (2) his father, Azaliah (v3); (3) his son, Ahikam (v12); (4) his son, Gemariah (Jeremiah 36:10); (5) his son, Elasah (Jeremiah 29:3); (6) his son, Jaazaniah (Ezekiel 8:11); (7) his grandson, Michaiah (Jeremiah 36:11,13; and (8) his grandson Gedaliah (Jeremiah 39-43).” I'll list the description of Shaphan in the next paragraph; but, in the interim, did any of these names stand out for you brethren? One did for me in a negative way: Jaazaniah, it is for this reason we must always check out genealogies as; we know that satan's offspring the kenites are always hard at work and that they purposefully named their offspring in “like names” in order to confuse us or keep us confused as to who they are, in other words to stay hidden. A great example of this is Jeremiah 35:3 where we read of another Jaazaniah, though that one is the son of another Jeremiah, Not Father's Prophet, but, is of the house of the Rechabites. This Shaphan and his son Jaazaniah appear to be of Israel, in other words, descendants of Jacob.
Shaphan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8227, - שָׁפָן, - shâphân, pronounced - shaw-fawn', and means: From H8226; a species of rock rabbit (from its hiding), that is, probably the hyrax: - coney. Total KJV occurrences: 34., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The scribe or secretary of King Josiah II Kings 22:3,14; II Chronicles 34:8,20. He appears on an equality with the governor of the city and the royal recorder II Kings 22:4; II Chronicles 34:9.”.
Azaliah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H683, - אֲצַלְיָהוּ, - 'ătsalyâhû, pronounced - ats-al-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H680 and H3050 prolonged; Jah has reserved; Atsaljah, an Israelite: - Azaliah. Total KJV occurrences: 2., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The father of Shaphan the scribe in the reign of Josiah II Kings 22:3; II Chronicles 34:8.”.
Meshullam=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4918, - מְשֻׁלָּם, - meshûllâm, pronounced - mesh-ool-lawm', and means: From H7999; allied; Meshullam, the name of seventeen Israelites: - Meshullam. Total KJV occurrences: 25., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Ancestor of Shaphan the scribe II Kings 22:3.”.
II Kings 22:4 “Go up to Hilkiah (portion of YAH; or, YAH is my portion) (Khil-kee-yaw'-hoo) the high priest, that he may sum the silver which is brought into the house of the LORD, which the keepers of the door have gathered of the People: —> So, anyway, Shaphan, Maaseiah, and Joah are to go to Hilkiah and deliver the money to him—the sum of which had already been ascertained, in order that they would know what repairs they could afford—in order to pay the carpenters, the builders, and the masons. Remember brethren, the Temple at this time is over 400 years old and because of kings such as Ahaz and before him usurper queen Athaliah, Father's Temple was in need of some serious repairs. Yes, as I previously mentioned, though both Yo-awsh' and Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo had also effected repairs, it still needed more during Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's day.
Bear in mind also, that I had previously mentioned that though these verses state that the repairs are going to take place; they had actually already been completed as; as we read in II Kings 23:23, Yo-she-yaw'-hoo conducts his Passover during his 18th year, and if they just started the repairs during his 18th year, he wouldn't have been able to conduct the Passover then, at least not in a completed Temple, which is where he conducts it.
Hilkiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2518, - חלקיּה, חלקיּהוּ, - Chilqı̂yâh, or Chilqı̂yâhu, pronounced - Khil-kee-yaw', Khil-kee-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H2506 and H3050; portion of Jah; Chilhijah, the name of eight Israelites: - Hilkiah., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “High priest in the reign of Josiah II Kings 22:4; II Chronicles 34:9; 1Esd. 1:8. His high priesthood was rendered particularly illustrious by the great reformation effected under it by King Josiah, by the solemn Passover kept at Jerusalem in the 18th year of that king's reign, and above all by the discovery which he made of the book of the law of Moses in the temple.”.
II Kings 22:5 And let them deliver it into the hand of the doers of the work, that have the oversight of the house of the LORD: and let them give it to the doers of the work which is in the house of the LORD, to repair the breaches of the house, —> So, Hilkiah has the money and he about to turn it over to those who did all the labor.
Something else to bear in mind brethren: We see Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's concern with the repair of the structure of Father's Temple, which is all good and well; however, we read two Chapters ago of Man-ash-sheh' desecrating Father's Temple by putting a golden carved image of his asherah grove in it; therefore, he should also be concerning himself with the removal of that and any other heathen idols and relics as; though the structural integrity needs to be looked after; the Spiritual integrity is equally or more so important.
II Kings 22:6 Unto carpenters, and builders, and masons, and to buy timber and hewn stone to repair the house.” —> All the materials had already been bought, paid for and the work completed, and now the contractors have been paid.
II Kings 22:7 Howbeit there was no reckoning made with them of the money that was delivered into their hand, because they dealt faithfully. —> When they received their money, the contractors didn't bother with the counting of the money as; they trusted the Priesthood and the king to pay what they were owed.
We change gears somewhat beginning with the next verse brethren.
22:8 Book found.
II Kings 22:8 And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, “I have found the book of the law in the house of the LORD.” And Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan, and he read it. —> Again, there is a slight difference between what is written here in II Kings 22 and what is written in II Chronicles 34. In II Chronicles 34:14 “The Book of the Law” is further explained as “The Book of the Law of YHVH given of Moses.” The Book is obviously the Original copy of the Torah or Pentateuch which Moses himself wrote at Father's Command, and which was supposed to have been placed inside Father's Ark. It must have gotten secreted away somewhere by one of the Priests, sometime during the reign of one of the heathen worshiping kings in order for it not to be destroyed by one of those ungodly kings for fear that had it been used as it was originally purposed, as we can read in Deuteronomy 31: Deuteronomy 31:24 And it came to pass, when Moses had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, until they were finished, [31:25] That Moses commanded the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying, [31:26] “Take this book of the law, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee. —> Why was Moses telling the Levitical Priests to put it in the Ark? To be a witness against them. Why? [31:27] For I know thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day, ye have been rebellious against the LORD; and how much more after my death? —> Because he had witnesses for himself how that time and time again they rebelled, the bellyached, they murmured against Father, and he now wanted it as a testimonial witness against them.
22:9 Repairs of Temple.
II Kings 22:9 And Shaphan the scribe came to the king, and brought the king word again, and said, “Thy servants have gathered the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of them that do the work, that have the oversight of the house of the LORD.” —> Here Shaphan is reporting back to Yo-she-yaw'-hoo: Mission accomplished, all the materials and workers have been paid in full.
22:10 Book found.
II Kings 22:10 And Shaphan the scribe shewed the king, saying, “Hilkiah the priest hath delivered me a book.” And Shaphan read it before the king. —> Now, Shaphan laying on the young king that while cleaning out Father's House, they found Moses' copy of Father's Laws and read some of it to the king. In doing so, it was pointed out to Yo-she-yaw'-hoo that, though doing very well at trying to walk His Path of Righteousness, since nobody had actually read Father's Laws in so many years, the king and his dominion are actually in err, and not walking as closely as originally thought.
Can you imagine the surprised look on Yo-she-yaw'-hoo-s face when he was read the section of Deuteronomy 17:14 and following, where it states that each king was supposed to write his own copy of Father's Law in order to Judge and Rule Israel by, or when he was read the section of both Deuteronomy 28 and Leviticus 26 concerning the Blessings for being Obedient, and the cursings for being disobedient?
22:11 Book found.
II Kings 22:11 And it came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the book of the law, that he rent his clothes. —> Reality is a cold, hard fact to be smacked in the face with, and for 26 years old Yo-she-yaw'-hoo who thought he had been doing so well in his walk of Righteousness, he now grasps with horror, the genuineness of how far off Father's Path he truly is and recognizes that cursings are in his and Judah's future.
So, being an intelligent young man who comprehends what needs being done, he immediately rends his own clothes and begins repenting for his own sins in earnest.
22:12 Command. Inquiry.
II Kings 22:12 And the king commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam (brother of rising (that is, high); or, a brother who raises up) (akh-ee-kawm') the son of Shaphan, and Achbor (mouse) (ak-bore’) the son of Michaiah (who (is) like Yah; or, who is like Yah) (me-kaw-yaw’), and Shaphan the scribe, and Asahiah (Yah has made; or, YHVH hath made) (aw-saw-yaw’) a servant of the king's, saying, —> After the king has completed his repenting, he gathers himself, his composure and his thoughts, and tells Hilkiah that he wants him to round up several other of his royal and loyal officers as; he has a task for them.
As I stated above, Father's Prophet Jeremiah had begun his prophesying during Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's 8th years of reign and he has now been guiding Yo-she-yaw'-hoo for ten years. Anyway, this Ahikam becomes very instrumental to Father's Prophet Jeremiah as; in the Book named for him, in the 26th Chapter, we read that there was another of Father's Prophets who was also prophesying right after Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's death, during the reign of his son Eliakim whom Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt renamed Jehoiakim, this Prophet's name was Urijah and Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's son was totally displeased with his prophesying and had men chase him down into Egypt where they caught him and returned him to Jerusalem. Once back in Jerusalem, Eliakam had him killed by the sword and they threw his dead body onto the graves of the common people. Eliakam was about to turn Jeremiah over to the people in order for them to basically do the same as had been done to Urijah; but, Ahikam stayed Eliakam's hand an saved Father's Prophet's life.
Ahikam=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H296, - אֲחִיקָם, - 'ăchı̂yqâm, pronounced - akh-ee-kawm', and means: From H251 and H6965; brother of rising (that is, high); Achikam, an Israelite: - Ahikam. Total KJV occurrences: 20., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Son of Shaphan the scribe, an influential officer at the court of Josiah, was one of the delegates sent by Hilkaih to consult Huldah II Kings 22:12-14. In the reign of Jehoiakim he successfully used his influence to protect the prophet Jeremiah Jeremiah 26:24. He was the father of Gedaliah.”.
Achbor=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5907, - עַכְבּוֹר, - ‛akbôr, pronounced - ak-bore', and means: Probably for H5909; Akbor, the name of an Idumaean and two Israelites: - Achbor. Total KJV occurrences: 7., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Son of Michaiah, a contemporary of Josiah II Kings 22:12,14; Jeremiah 26:22; 36:12, called ABDON in II Chronicles 34:20.“.
Michaiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H4320, - מִיכָיָה, - mı̂ykâyâh, pronounced - me-kaw-yaw', and means: From H4310 and (the prefixed derivation from) H3588 and H3050; who (is) like Jah?; Micajah, the name of two Israelites: - Micah, Michaiah. Compare H4318. Total KJV occurrences: 4., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Same as MICAH 6 II Chronicles 34:20.”.
Asahiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew number: H6222, - עֲשָׂיָה, - ‛ăśâyâh, pronounced - aw-saw-yaw', and means: From H6213 and H3050; Jah has made; Asajah, the name of three or four Israelites: - Asaiah. Total KJV occurrences: 8., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A servant of King Josiah, sent by him to seek information of Jehovah respecting the book of the law which Hilkiah found in the temple II Kings 22:12,14, also called ASAIAH II Chronicles 34:20.”.
22:13 Command. Inquiry.
II Kings 22:13 “Go ye, enquire of the LORD for me, and for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that is found: for great is the wrath of the LORD that is kindled against us, because our fathers have not hearkened unto the words of this book, to do according unto all that which is written concerning us.” —> Yo-she-yaw'-hoo perceives the depth of the condemnation of those who turn their backs to Father, and he knew that even though he was trying to do right, Father's wrath was kindled against him, the people of Judah, and all the remnant who remained of Israel; therefore, he is now searches earnestly to find the truth which Father would have him do, concerning those things that were written in His Word. Josiah wants to hear directly from Father just how it all applies to him and to all the people. So, High Priest and his cabinet to find out the truth. Who are they going to find to seek Father's Truth? Let's continue reading and find out:
And for the people=Some Codices, with two early printed editions, read, “and for the remnant in Israel and Judah,” we can compare this with what is written in II Chronicles 34:21, which reads: II Chronicles 34:21 “Go, enquire of the LORD for me, and for them that are left in Israel and in Judah, concerning the words of the book that is found: for great is the wrath of the LORD that is poured out upon us, because our fathers have not kept the word of the LORD, to do after all that is written in this book.”.
22:14 Obedience. Inquiry.
II Kings 22:14 So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah (a weasel (from its gliding motion); or, weasel) (khool-daw’) the prophetess, the wife of Shallum (a requital, that is (secure) retribution; or, retribution) (shal-loom’) the son of Tikvah (literally a cord (as an attachment [compare H6961]); figuratively expectancy: - expectation ([-ted]), hope, live, think that I long for.; or, hope) (tik-vaw’), the son of Harhas (perhaps shining; or, glitter or splendor) (khar-khas’), keeper of the wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college;) and they communed with her. —> Brethren, I know that those of you who study with myself and our Pastor(s) Arnold and Dennis Murray of Shepherd's Chapel have no problem grasping this as; we know Father will use whomever He will; but, for those of you who have not studied with us and have been taught or heard that, “women are to keep silent,” this may come as a shock to you to now know that Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's royal cabinet sought the counsel of a women prophetess (or that there indeed was\is such a thing). Anyway, this Huldah, was the daughter of the keeper of the wardrobe room at the local college in Jerusalem. She is considered the prophetess who would most likely know the answers to the questions the king seeks. Remember, even though Zephaniah and Jeremiah are with Yo-she-yaw’-hoo at the time, the king’s royal cabinet didn’t turn to them; but, went to the college to seek their king’s answer. Huldah was Father's representative to His People, especially those attending the college at this time.
Brethren, this isn't the first time in our history where a woman led the Nation. If you'll recall from the Book of Judges; and, Judges 4 more specifically, there was a woman named Deborah who, when no man would lead, she stepped up and led; not only did she lead the Nation as a Judge; but, Judges 4:4 states that she was also a prophetess.
Huldah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2468, - חֻלְדָּה, - chûldâh, pronounced - khool-daw', and means: Feminine of H2467; Chuldah, an Israelitess: - Huldah. Total KJV occurrences: 2., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A prophetess, whose husband, Shallum, was keeper of the wardrobe in the time of King Josiah. It was to her that Josiah had recourse, when Hilkiah found a book of the law, to procure an authoritative opinion on it II Kings 22:14; II Chronicles 34:22.”.
Shallum=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7967, - שַׁלּוּם, or שַׁלֻּם, - shallûm, or shallûm, pronounced - shal-loom', or shal-loom', and means: The same as H7966; Shallum, the name of fourteen Israelites: - Shallum. Total KJV occurrences: 27., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The husband of Huldah the prophetess II Kings 22:14; II Chronicles 34:23 in the reign of Josiah.”.
Tikvah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8616, - תִּקְוָה, - tiqvâh, pronounced - tik-vaw', and means: The same as H8615; Tikvah, the name of two Israelites: - Tikvah. Total KJV occurrences: 3., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The father of Shallum the husband of the prophetess Huldah II Kings 22:14.”.
Harhas=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2745, - חַרְחַס, - charchas, pronounced - khar-khas', and means: From the same as H2775; perhaps shining; Charchas, an Israelite: - Harbas. Total KJV occurrences: 1., and now from biblegateway.com: “The grandfather of Shallum, the husband of Huldah the prophetess of king Josiah’s time II Kings 22:14.”.
22:15-17 Threatening. Judah. Answer.
II Kings 22:15 And she said unto them, “Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Tell the man that sent you to me, —> There was no, “wait, let me go ask a man, a male prophet, or, let me go and seek Father;” no, she immediately tells them the truth in what Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is to do. What is it that he is to do, and what is going to come to pass? Again, let's continue reading and find out; but, know this, the first words out of Huldah's mouth are, “Thus saith the LORD”:
II Kings 22:16 ‘Thus saith the LORD, ‘Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the words of the book which the king of Judah hath read: —> Huldah knew Father's Word, she knew what Father commanded Moses to write in Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28, and she knew the wrath of Father and what must come to pass for Israel's forsaking and turning their backs on Father.
Josiah was twenty six years old when he finally heard the truth which came out of the words of Father’s Law, and the news is not good news to him for; Father is saying that, “though you Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, have been a hearer and doer of My Word, and you Yo-she-yaw'-hoo have done your best to walk my Path of Righteousness, I am still going to bring evil—ra'-a' in the Hebrew language, (Hebrew word number: H7451) meaning: calamity—upon this place, Jerusalem and upon the inhabitants thereof.” This is the same message that Father had sent to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo (Hezekiah), the last righteous king before Yo-she-yaw’-hoo.
II Kings 22:17 Because they have forsaken Me, and have burned incense unto other gods, that they might provoke Me to anger with all the works of their hands; therefore My wrath shall be kindled against this place, and shall not be quenched.’ ’ —> Burned incense unto other gods=That's gods with a lower case “g”. Check out this “Burned incense” in your Strong's Concordance brethren and you'll find that it is Hebrew word number: H6999, - קָטַר, - qâṭar, pronounced - kaw-tar', and means: A primitive root (rather identical with H7000 through the idea of fumigation in a close place and perhaps thus driving out the occupants); to smoke, that is, turn into fragrance by fire (especially as an act of worship): - burn (incense, sacrifice) (upon), (altar for) incense, kindle, offer (incense, a sacrifice). Total KJV occurrences: 116. What Father is telling Yo-she-yaw'-hoo is, that, the People, His Children which He created, tried to drive Him out of His own Temple and out of the Nation—pretty much what some today here in the United States of America have tried and are still trying to do—and that, because of that, He is still going to bring upon the Nation of the House of Judah all the Promises which are Promised in His Word—as I pointed out above, from the cursings of Deuteronomy 28 and Leviticus 26—in order to get their attention and show them and all the world that He is YHVH ELOHIM.
Over and over again Father sent His Prophets and Priests to the Nation(s) to try and get them to change their direction from following after and worshiping their false gods of sticks and stones and carved images; and, instead to pick up His Word and read it; but, not only did they not read His Word, His Law; but, they even went so far as to lose it to the point to where they didn't even know what it was.
22:18-20 Consolation. Josiah. Answer.
II Kings 22:18 But to the king of Judah (celebrated) (Yeh-hoo-daw') which sent you to enquire of the LORD, thus shall ye say to him, ‘Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, ‘As touching the words which thou hast heard; —> To the king of Judah=Father through His Prophetess Huldah is going to specifically addressing Yo-she-yaw'-hoo, and what is it that Father has for him?
Judah= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3063, - יהוּדה, - yehûdâh, pronounced - yeh-hoo-daw', and means: From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory: - Judah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if not all, of the territory of Simeon I Samuel 27:6; I Kings 19:3, compare with Joshua 19:1 and of Dan II Chronicles 11:10, compare with Joshua 19:41,42. Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim II Chronicles 13:19; 15:8; 17:2. It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. — The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years. History. -- The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance II Chronicles 16:7, prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David.”.
II Kings 22:19 Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the LORD, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard thee,’ saith the LORD —> Father watched Yo-she-yaw'-hoo's reaction when he had heard what was to befall Judah, Father also knew his heart as, it was Father Who Prophesied 361 years ago that a man named Yo-she-yaw'-hoo would be born who would put a stop to all those who were worshiping false gods and idols, and would also clean out the land of them and their altars to such.
Listen to what Father tells Yo-she-yaw’-hoo: Because you were compassionate and you cared for the things of Me, and you humbled yourself before Me, I will likewise also be merciful toward you. The point that Father is stressing here is, that, it doesn't matter how bad the world is, or even your own family is, if you humbly seek Father in repentance, then He hears you and he forgives you. Father loves all those who love Him and humbly seek after Him in repentance, and when you do, then His wrath is not directed towards you, a great example of this is Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, the entire Babylonian kingdom, even including some of their own brethren were falling down and worshiping the golden image whenever king Nebuchadnezzar had the music play; and it was law that those who did not, were to be thrown into the burning fiery furnace. Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego were indeed thrown into burning fiery furnace and what happened? I’ll let Nebuchadnezzar tell it himself: Daniel 3:24 Then Nebuchadnezzar the king was astonied, and rose up in haste, and spake, and said unto his counsellors, “Did not we cast three men bound into the midst of the fire?” They answered and said unto the king, “True, O king.” [3:25] He answered and said, “Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.” —> Much meat there brethren as, first off, how did Nebuchadnezzar know what Jesus looked like that he immediately recognized Him? Secondly, notice Jesus was able to keep the three young men from being burned in that fire? Thirdly, had we continued reading, we would have read that they didn’t even have the smell of smoke on them. But, the point is that Father is able to protect us no matter what is going on around us. This is why it is important to let Father know that you love Him, and repent through His Son Jesus Christ. He will not let the wrath that He brings on this world harm you one little speck, when he moves to bring His wrath on this world.
II Kings 22:20 ‘Behold therefore, I will gather thee unto thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered into thy grave in peace; and thine eyes shall not see all the evil which I will bring upon this place.’ ’ ” And they brought the king word again. —> This was a major bombshell which hit Josiah's court as, Huldah has just told him that the entire kingdom, including all the people and all the buildings would be destroyed after he died and returned Home to Father. Sure, for Yo-she-yaw’-hoo it was for the most part, good news to him personally; however, stop and think of how this he would take it that all those people of his kingdom would perish after he was dead and gone, we’ll see that he’ll try and save as many as he can before he does indeed return Home to Father. Anyway, Father’s prophetess, true to Father’s fashion, told it like it was, and held back nothing. Her own nation was going to be destroyed, she fully grasped the situation, and still, she withheld none of the bad news from the king. Was she the one that said it? No, of course not, she was just repeating Father's Words.
In peace=Yo-she-yaw'-hoo would go to his grave in peace; however, that doesn't mean he'll die in peace as; we'll read when we come to II Kings 23:29 that, he'll actually die while engaged in war; but, why not “in peace” of mind as well as heart?
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