Hosea 6:6 For I desired mercy and not sacrifice; and THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD more than burnt offerings.

Weekly Bible Study
Bible Chapter Studies
Study Tools & Resources

Topical Studies

How To

*  The True Date of the Birth of Our
       Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ

Is our Creator - Elohim, a God of confusion, chaos or randomness? No, He is not. He is however, a God of common sense, logic and order; and, there is a plan, a reason, and a purpose for everything He does. With that being said, let's look at an important topic: The True Date of the Birth of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

Man's traditions have us celebrating Jesus' birth on December 25th. Is man correct on this date, or, is this date tied to another occasion and thus a "tradition of man?" Before we dig too deep into Father's Word on the topic itself, let's first look at the Feasts that Father told the Israelites He wanted them to celebrate, and to continue celebrating from generation to generation (offspring to offspring) (and if you are a Christian, you are also required to keep celebrating today).

The first feast is the Feast of Passover. Father YHVH told the Israelites to celebrate this Feast on the fourteenth day after the Hebrew Calendar New Year. The first day of the Hebrew Calendar New Year began on the Spring Vernal Equinox. In the old Hebrew language the month was known as "Abib" or "Green Ears," while, when the Israelites came out of the Babylonian captivity they continued to call in the Chaldee tongue, or language: and thus it is called Nissan. On our calendar today, it would be the month of March, and it would fall on the 20th or 21st depending upon which day the sun is directly above the earth's equator (in this we see that our Father YHVH is an orderly God). Our calendar and the old Hebrew Calendar do not align because our calendar today; follows after the moon, which is why our Calendar New Year begins on January 1st each year, it is also why, sadly, the majority of the Christian community who celebrate that other spring celebration know as "easter," do so on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the spring equinox.

The old Hebrew "Civil New Year" began on the first day of Tisri; much like our Government today begins its "Fiscal Year" on the first day of the month of October. Also, the old Hebrew first day of the month does not align with the first day of the month on our calendar. The first day of Tisri on the old Hebrew calendar equates to the 15th-16th of September on our current calendar.

Now let's read about the requirements for conducting the Feast of Passover:

Exodus 12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, [12:2] "This month shall be unto you the beginning of monthsit shall be the first month of the year to you.   ->   This is the first month, the month that YHVH is fulfilling His promise to Abraham to bring his offspring up out of the land of Egypt like He promised Abraham back in Genesis 15. So, this first month is the month of Abib or Green ears, later the name of the month will be changed to Nisan; but, the fact remains that this first month is aligned with current 2011 calendar months of approximately March 20th or 21st through April 20th or so.

Exodus 12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, 'In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:   ->   Here in this verse Father is directing Moses to tell the Children of Israel that on the tenth day of the month they were to select the lamb that they would use in their sacrifice during the Passover. It was thought that it would take approximately ten people to consume a lamb so as well see; they had to ensure that there would be no waste.

They were to start preparing their lamb on the tenth day of the month, four days prior to their consumption of it. Why four? In Biblical Numerics four is the number of the Earth - "Created Works." On earth we have the four directions on the compass, the four winds, the four seasons and so on. This lamb being prepared for the sacrifice then, "four" days prior, is for the sins that are committed during this earth age, not the one prior, nor the one to come (Christ's Millennium).

Exodus 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.   ->    If a family didn't have enough people within that family to completely consume their lamb, then they were to get with the family next door and share it with them, so that there would be no waste. Why wouldn't YHVH want you to waste any portion of this lamb? Remember it was\is His Passover, His sacrifice and His Lamb and you don't ever want to waste any part of the Lamb of God, that would be an abomination to God.

Exodus 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:   ->   Notice that their sacrifice could be taken from either the sheep or the goats but, it had to be a male of the first year (first fruits) and without blemish - we can see the "type" for Christ within this lamb.

How do we partake of the Passover sacrifice today? By the taking of the unleavened broken bread or cracker - Body of Christ and of the wine - Blood of Christ. All Christians, unless for medical reasons, should partake of the wine and not juice. For further explanation of this, see my study "Wine or Swine."

Exodus 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same monthand the whole assembly of the congregation shall kill it in the evening.    ->   Moses is directing that the Israelites keep their lamb until at even time (dawn) on the fourteenth day of the first month, then shall they slay their sacrificial lamb. All members of the family were to be present during the slaying of their sacrifice; it wasn't to be hid even from the children. Likewise today, we should be explaining to our children the "Who," "What," "Why," and "When" of our Creator's death in the flesh for our sins.

As for the "who," - do you know and understand just who it was that crucified Christ on that cross? In Father's Word (Matthew 27,Mark 15, and John 19) they are called or labeled "the Jews." But, was it really those of the House of Judah - "Jews?" No, it was not. It was they which identified themselves with the House of Judah; but, were not BY BIRTH of the House of Judah; these had mixed themselves in with the people of the House of Judah in order to fulfill their father's (lower case "f") plan. We can read of who these peoples were in Joshua 9II Kings 2:55Ezra 8:15-17 and Nehemiah 3,7,10 and 11.

The "why" is the reason they wanted to kill Christ. They, like their father - satan (see Matthew 13Matthew 23 and John 8:44), thought that if they killed Christ, then satan would disrupt Father's plan of salvation, and that since "Christ would now be dead," satan would also defeat Father's Word and plan, and he would then win in his controversy with Father. What they didn't know was that it was Father's plan to come in the flesh in order to destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil as can be read in Hebrews 2:14, and also in order to die for the sins of all His children; and, in satan's offspring then fulfilling "their father's" plan they actually fulfilled our Creator's plan.

Exodus 12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.   ->   After the Israelites had slain their sacrificial lamb, they were to take hyssop and dip it into the blood of the lamb, and then put it on the door post of the house that they were living in, they were then to go into that house and await for the death angel to "passover" their house.

Today, we put the blood of the Lamb upon the door posts of our hearts - we have to voluntarily give our hearts to Christ because He covered our sins with His blood. We partake of the lamb today by partaking the cup and the unleavened cracker when we take communion.

Then we take the oil of our people, the "Virgin Olive Oil" and we anoint ourselves and our houses with that oil. We anoint ourselves to help prevent sickness both physically and spiritually, we anoint our homes to help prevent sickness (negativity, evilness and perverseness) from entering into our homes and lives either through the Internet, television or the mail.

Exodus 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it[12:9] Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legsand with the purtenance thereof.   ->   Father was directing that their sacrificial lamb was to be eaten roasted over a fire, not boiled in water or fried in oil. They were to eat it with unleavened bread (YHVH was showing them that they wouldn't have the time that it took for the leaven to rise to make the bread and leaven is also symbolical of sin,) and bitter herbs (the bitter herbs was to remind the children of Israel of the bitter treatment they received at the hands of the Egyptians for the past 400 years).

They were to eat as much of their sacrifice as possible leaving none to be discarded in the trash, for that would have been an abomination to Father, whatever they could not eat would then have to be completely burnt in the fire the next morning.

Exodus 12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.   ->   This portion of the lamb that is left had to be completely destroyed and consumed in the fire. As we can read in the New testament--Hebrews 12:29 For our God is a consuming fire.-- our loving Father is also a consuming fire, and sadly at the end of Christ's 1,000 year millennial reign, that is exactly what He will have to do to some of His children - destroy them in the Lake of Fire.

Exodus 12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet,  and your staff in your hand;  and ye shall eat itin haste: it is the LORD'S passover.   ->   They were to be prepared, having everything completed and their clothes on their backs for the leaving of their bondage to the Egyptians and the land of Egypt.

These were the instructions that Father gave to Moses and Aaron who were to then give them to the Israelites. Verses v12:12-16 provide the reason Father was to pass through Egypt that night.

Exodus 12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and I will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt will I execute judgment:I am the LORD.    ->   Remember the Egyptians were and are Father’s children too; however, because of the false gods they worshipped and the perversions they practiced, He was going to judge them for these customs.

Was He going to destroy Egypt for what they did to the children of Israel? No, as we read in Ezekiel 29Ezekiel 29:14 And I will bring again the captivity of Egypt, and will cause them to return into their land of Pathros, into the land of their habitation; and they shall be there a base nation.   ->   Many of the heathen nations who had mixed and mingled with the fallen angels were to be destroyed and never return; but, Father loved the people of Egypt as they are His children also; however, he was going to put them into captivity, shrink the size of their kingdom back to within their own borders, and make and keep them a base (low or degraded) nation.

However, during this night of the first Passover, YHVH will pass through the land of Egypt and claim the life of the firstborn of both man and beast. Why? We were told in Genesis 15 and also back in Exodus 7, why Father was bringing all these seven plagues upon the land of Egypt: Genesis 15:13 And He (Father) said unto Abram, “Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; [15:14] And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they (Moses and the Israelites) come out with great substance., and then in Exodus 7:5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, which I stretch forth Mine hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.   ->   Yes, Father brought these plagues upon Egypt to document to both the children of Israel, and also to the Egyptians that He was and is the one and only true living God. Father is going to pass through the land of Egypt this night of the Passover and kill all the firstborn in the land. "Passing through the land," sets the stage for passing over Egypt. YHVH will pass over those who believe on the Lord, and follow the instructions of the Him by “placing the blood on the door post and over the door of each home.” Those who have the blood on the door post will not be visited by the death angel this night.

This goes for those who live in the time of the end also, for those who have followed the instructions that Father has given us in His Word, and then sealed it away in their minds. Each of His elect and those who are sealed will not be deceived by satan, when he arrives to deceive the whole world in his role of the pretend-to-be-jesus. Father is not out to destroy those He loves, for He is able to take care of His own.

Exodus 12:13 And  the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.   ->   Here we have the full meaning of Passover in this verse. Father says, "When I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you." Father’s Passover is the time when He will destroy His enemies; while at the same time, He will pass over those that love and trust in Him. The blood on the doorpost symbolizes the true blood which was shed on the cross at Calvary. The Lamb of God, Jesus, was the lamb slain for one and all times as can be read in Hebrews 10: Hebrews 10:10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.   ->   The Lamb Whom was slain on the cross at Calvary, was slain so that when you have His blood covering you, anything wicked must pass over you and your house. Jesus promised you and I that when we believe in the powers of the blood of Jesus Christ; and have faith and follow Him and His Word, then the judgments that come on those that are not of God will pass right over you. Keep it straight in your mind; "Passover" is of Father, for Christ became our Passover, while "easter" is a heathen feast day honoring the goddess "Ishtar." Do not try to mix them, for they just don't mix. The easter rites of fertility, with the eggs and bunnies, have nothing to do with the Father’s Passover; they are heathenistic customs and traditions. The early morning sunrise service; the facing toward the east and Jerusalem, and bowing to the east, is to the goddess Ishtar, who by heathen rites is the rising sun. It is one thing to do it out of complete ignorance, but to defend those heathen customs, and say they are of YHVH, puts you on thin ice with Him, when you should know better. Father may accept it in ignorance from one who doesn't know better; but not from you who does know the truth now. The celebration of easter is the taking of something wicked and heathen, and trying to blend it with what is good and righteous, Father’s Passover, Christ's crucifixion on the cross.

Our Lord Jesus Christ returns at the sounding of the seventh trump. When you are sealed in your forehead with the truth, you will know better than to bow a knee to satan when he arrives in his role as the pretend-to-be-jesus. Father's judgment that Jesus will bring upon the world at the sounding of the seventh and last trump, will not be upon you to destroy you, even if you were right in the middle of ten thousand kenites and Father was going to strike them, you still have nothing to worry about, just remember Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego and their being thrown into the fiery furnace. We are to revere Father, not fear Him, for there is nothing to fear from our heavenly Father.

Exodus 12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout you generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.   ->   Father is very specific and adamant in the Israelites keeping His Passover and ensuring that they pass this Feast onto their children. The reason for this is to remind those children many generations form now how He had brought their forefathers up out of their bondage to the Egyptians and judged their false gods so that the Israelites would not worship any false gods or idols). It wasn't out of hatred for the Egyptians; but, out of hatred of their idols, because He loved the people, as they too were and are His children.

Exodus 12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day shall ye put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.   ->   Leaven as used here in this verse in the Strong’s Concordance is Hebrew word number H4682 - מצּה - matstsah, pronounced - mats-tsaw’ and means: From H4711 in the sense of greedily devouring for sweetness; properly sweetness; concretely sweet (that is, not soured or bittered with yeast); specifically an unfermented cake or loaf, or (elliptically) the festival of Passover (because no leaven was then used): - unleavened (bread, cake), without leaven., not the other two uses of the word: (1) H7603 - שׂאר - śe'or, pronounced - seh-ore', meaning: From H7604; barm or yeast cake (as swelling by fermentation): - leaven., or (2H2557 - חמץ - chamêts, pronounced - khaw-mates', meaning: From H2556; ferment, (figuratively) extortion: - leaven, leavened (bread).. So what this verse is saying is that the Israelites were to continue eating their bread for the next seven days of the Passover Festival without putting yeast into it so that it would "rise," as there wasn't time to allow the yeast to work and make the bread rise, it was a reminder to eat it in haste like they did during the first night of Passover when they fled from Egypt. But also; leaven, symbolized sin, and Father was telling them to put the sin away from them for the next seven days during His Passover Feast.

Remember, as can be read in I Corinthians 5:6-8, Jesus is our Passover, and He was without sin.

Exodus 12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.   ->   The only ones who worked during the Passover were the priests. Nobody worked as the priests read the entire Word of God and the people were there to hear and listen to Father's Word being taught. As time went by, they prophesied, they read the Psalms, and many more passages; for those days were set aside so each person would hear Father's Word, and for the sake of getting right with YHVH. Each of those seven days became Sabbaths or "days of rest." We like they, need to stay in the Word for enough time to where we can understand Father's entire plan for us, and for this earth age and the season we are living in.

Now let's skip down to verse v12:21 and read about the Israelites following Father's Commandments concerning their slaying of and eating of His Passover. As we'll see, in Father's Passover Feast, there'll be no "hunting of eggs" or "bunnies" (an unclean animal which Father commanded them to not eat) and no "sexual orgies" (which was practiced by the heathen during their worship of ishtar) which were all symbolic of fertility and was what the heathen were celebrating during their Spring festival and worship.

Exodus 12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, "Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover.   ->   This is now the 14th day after the Spring Vernal Equinox and Moses has gathered all the elders of the tribes of Israel and is directing them that they are to slay their lamb before evening and have it ready to be eaten this night for in the morning they'll be leaving Egypt.

Exodus 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason;and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.   ->   They were to take this plant that the top was like a brush and dip it into a basin in which they had saved the blood of their slain lamb and then put some of that blood upon the top of the door posts and the two side posts and then take all of their family inside the house and wait until morning before going outside their house, by that time Father's death angel would have passed over their house and they would be safe to go outside.

Exodus 12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.   ->   Father is going to send His death angel this night to pass over all the land of Egypt taking all the first born in the land of Egypt. Before we go any further, let's look at some of the reasons why YHVH was going to do this. Genesis 15:13 And He said unto Abram, know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; [15:14] And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance., OK let's see why else, Exodus 12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt will I execute judgment: I am the LORD.. Father was showing all the world that He judges all other false gods, and let's look one more place, Exodus 14:4 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.. So, Father was executing His judgment on the Egyptians and their gods so that the Egyptians and all the world would know that He and He alone is God. So then, all the Israelites were to put this blood of the lamb upon their door posts and He would passover them and keep them in safety and any that would come under the blood of the lamb, even any of the Egyptians.

Exodus 12:24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and thy sons forever.   ->   The Israelites, and us living even to this day, were to continue to observe His Passover throughout all their generations (offspring, posterity and\or ages of time). Father's Passover IS the High Sabbath of all Christianity and to belittle it and demean it by following after heathen customs and practices is an abomination to our Father. Which would you rather do, please man by following him or please our Loving Father by listening to what He is teaching us. Let's see what Jesus taught in the New Testament: Matthew 26:17 Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto Him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?   ->   Jesus' pupils knew that they were to observe and keep the Passover and they knew also that Jesus observed the Passover, and so they asked Him where He would like to celebrate it. [26:18] And He said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with My disciples. [26:19] And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.   ->   He answers (and notice this is already pre-arranged) and tells them to go to a certain man's house and tell him that Jesus' time to be crucified is about to come to pass and He will celebrate the Passover at the man's house. The disciples didn't find this unusual nor did they question Jesus, they did as they were told. We too should be so obedient.

Exodus 12:25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as He hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.   ->   No matter what land they were in, or where Father YHVH moved them, they were to observe and keep His Passover every year. Think of this, Father had them perform His Passover in Egypt, while wandering in the Wilderness for those forty years, when they entered in to the Promised Land--the land of Canaan--and even when He had the House of Israel captured by the Assyrians and then later scattered and then the House of Judah when He had them captured by the Babylonians.

Exodus 12:26 And it shall come to pass, when your children say unto you, 'What mean ye this service?'    ->   There is going to come a time in the future when your children are going to ask you why you are observing the Passover and it is then that you shall reply "because it is the LORD'S Passover. There is even going to come a time when every other Christian who is observing "easter" while you observe the LORD'S Passover that they will ask you why you are observing the Passover and not "easter" and you shall say to them, "It is the LORD'S Passover, we have no right to change it, to rename it, to change the date we are to celebrate it, nor to change from serving our GOD to serving the false gods and idols like ishtar.

Exodus 12:27 That ye shall say, "It is the sacrifice of the LORD's Passover, Who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses." And the people bowed the head and worshipped.   ->   Father knew that there was going to come a day when His children would forsake Him, it had happened in the past during satan's rebellion in the first earth age, so it was no surprise to Him that is was going to happen again and He wanted these children - the seedline through which He Himself would come in the flesh, to keep this and pass it down to their children, in order to show the rest of His children - all the other races how to serve and worship Him.

Exodus 12:28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.   ->   After receiving their instructions from YHVH, the children of Israel did as they were told and they also worshipped Father.

The apostle Paul stated in I Corinthians 5:6-8 that Jesus became our Passover, can you show me in Father's Word where Jesus became our easter? The answer is "No you cannot," because it is NOT in Father's Word that Jesus became our "easter. We celebrate our sins being covered by the Blood of The LAMB not by His resurrection.

Now let's turn to Leviticus 23 and read there what Father said concerning His Passover and His Feasts:

Leviticus 23:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, [23:2] "Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, 'Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are My feasts,    ->   These are My feasts=Whose feasts are they brethren? They are Father's feasts, and as such, we--man, no gender involved--have no right to change them in any way shape or form. Check out the word "feasts" in your Strong's Concordance brethren as, it is Hebrew word number: H4150 - מועדה מעד מועד, - mô‛êd, mô‛êd, or mô‛âdâh, pronounced - mo-ade', mo-ade', or mo-aw-daw', and means: From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): - appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).; so, in other words, a "feast" was a yearly gathering of all the people, during an appointed set time, which never changed year to year, it was the same time\day\date every year. If I sound redundant it is because Father is very adamant and He doesn't like His creation to change His things which He established.

Now let's check out the word "convocation" in the Strong's Concordance as, it is Hebrew word number: H4744 - מקרא, - miqrâ', pronounced - mik-raw', and means: From H7121; something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the place); also a rehearsal: - assembly, calling, convocation, reading., and the reason for the yearly gathering was to do some reading in Father's Word before all the people.

Leviticus 23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.   ->   They were to have all their chores completed the day before the Sabbath day in order that, on the Sabbath day they didn't even need to feed their cattle and livestock, cook or do any other chore which was part of their daily routine, and likewise also, as such, that meant no laborious money making employment either.

Leviticus 23:4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.   ->   Again, these feasts are Father's, He declared them, He set their appointed times,they are His,and as such we have no right to change them.

We now come to the Feast of Passover.

Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth day in the first month at even is the LORD's passover.' "   ->   I covered the requirements for conducting the Passover above when we read Exodus 12:1-28; therefore, I'll not cover them again here.

At even=The Israelite day actually started at sundown the evening before, unlike us today, whose new day begins at midnight.

These are the requirements for keeping the Passover and as Father said, it should be kept and passed down from generation to generation."

The second Feast Father told the Israelites to celebrate was the Feast of Pentecost. Father told the Israelites to celebrate this Feast fifty days after the Passover. This would be an important amount of time in the future because it would be the number of days after Jesus' crucifixion that He would actually ascend to heaven and sit on the right hand of God.

So, let's read the requirements for conducting the Feast of Pentecost:

Leviticus 23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:   ->   .
Seven Sabbaths=.

Leviticus 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.   ->   .

Leviticus 23:17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.   ->   .

Leviticus 23:18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.   ->   .

Leviticus 23:19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings.   ->    .

Leviticus 23:20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.   ->   .

Leviticus 23:21 And ye shall proclaim on the self same day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.   ->   .

The third Feast Father told the Israelites to celebrate was the Feast of Tabernacles. He told them to celebrate this Feast on the 15th day of seventh month - Ethanim in the old Hebrew calendar, or Tisri after the Assyrian captivity, which equates to the month of September through part of October on our current calendar. This Feast was the Feast of the "In-Gathering" of the harvest.

Before we dig too deep into this Feast of Tabernacles, let's first look at this seventh month and see what else was supposed to transpire during this month, for you see, it was a very special month to our Father.

The month of Ethanim in the old Hebrew is a very significant month because there are three different Feasts that take place during this the seventh month: (1) The first day of the month was the "Blowing of the Trumpets;" (2) the 10th day of the month was the "Day of Atonement;" and (3) the 15th day of the month was the "Feast of Tabernacles." All three Feasts were major events in this month as directed by our Father. So let's read about these three Feasts and see what Father has to say about them. The requirements for the Feast of the "Blowing of the Trumpets" can be found in Numbers 29.

Numbers 29:1 And in the seventh month, on the first dayof the month, ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.   ->   I love this verse and the "Blowing of the Trumpets!" "Why," you might ask? Because it reminds me of the coming of "The LORD's Day." We who study Father's Word know that when the Seventh Trumpet sounds, it signifies His return; but think about this verse in its depth as well. A "Blowing of trumpets" usually heralds a joyous event, and the returning of our LORD and Saviour will truly be a joyous event for many!

As I stated above, the seventh month is the month of Ethanim on the Hebrew calendar, and Ethanim equates to our (today's) month of September on the Georgian calendar. So, that means Father is telling the Israelites to blow the joyous trumpets on (1) the month that He was born in the flesh, and (2) the month which will also most likely be the month of His return.

So, the first day was to be an holy convocation, which was a day that all the Israelites were to assemble, during which no labor was to be done, and they would read the law. But on this day, besides that, they would also do a celebration by "blowing of trumpets" Hebrew word number H8643 in the Strong's Concordance. H8643 - תּרוּעה, - teru‛âh, pronounced - ter-oo-aw', and means: From H7321; clamor, that is, acclamation of joy or a battle cry; especially clangor of trumpets, as an alarum: - alarm, blow (-ing) (of, the) (trumpets), joy, jubilee, loud noise, rejoicing, shout (-ing), (high, joyful) sound (-ing).. This Hebrew word for the blowing of the trumpets "teruah" almost reminds me of the U.S. Marines cry "hoorah."

Numbers 29:2 And ye shall offer a burnt offering for a sweet savour unto the LORD; one young bullock, one ram, and seven lambs of the first year without blemish:   ->   A sweet savour=This is a savor of satisfaction, with which we can compare with Genesis 8:20-21:Genesis 8:20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar[8:21] And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, "I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done..

The sacrifical requirements for the Feast of the Blowing of the Trumpets consisted of one young bullock, one ram and seven lambs of the first year, this lamb had to be perfect, in other words, without fault or blemish.

Numbers 29:3 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals for a bullock, and two tenth deals for a ram,   ->   The requirements for the sacrifice during Feast of the Blowing of the Trumpets continues, now adding in The "Meat Offering" of flour which was to be "mingled" with "oil", three tenth deals for the bullock and two tenth deals for each ram. Lets look at each of these beginning with the Meat Offering: as we read, it was of flour, why flour? Because "Meat Offering" in the Strong's Concordance is Hebrew word number: H4503 - מנחה, - minchah, pronounced min-khaw', and means: From an unused root meaning to apportion, that is, bestow; a donation; euphemistically tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary): - gift, oblation, (meat) offering, present, sacrifice., hence it was the flour mixed, or sprinkled with "oil" which in the Strong's is Hebrew word number: H8081 - שׁמן, - shemen, pronounced sheh'-men, and means: From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness: - anointing, X fat (things), X fruitful, oil ([-ed]), ointment, olive, + pine., and "tenth deals" is H6241 - עשּׂרן   עשּׂרון, ‛iśśârôn or ‛iśśârôn, pronounced - is-saw-rone', is-saw-rone', and means: From H6235; (fractional) a tenth part: - tenth deal., now let’s look at this in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: Tenth deal. Heb. 'isaron (Exodus 16:36; 29:40; Leviticus 14:10,21; 23:13,17; 24:5; Numbers 15:4,6,9; 28:9,13,20,28; 29:3,4,9,10,14,15). About 1/2 a gallon (dry)..

Mingled=The oil gets mixed into the flour in order that the flour then catch hold of itself as a chain.

Numbers 29:4 And one tenth deal for one lamb, throughout the seven lambs:   ->   This same "Meat Offering" or, mingling of oil and flour, is required for each lamb of the seven lambs sacrificed.

Numbers 29:5 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering, to make an atonement for you:   ->    Sin Offering=This in the Strong’s Concordance is Hebrew word number: H2403 - חטּאת חטּאה, - chatṭâ'âh or chaṭṭâ'th, pronounced - khat-taw-aw', khat-tawth', and means: From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender: - punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering)., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: Chattath=the Sin offering, from chat'a, to sin by coming short of, by missing the mark in sins of commission. In the Piel it means to purge from such sin (Psalms 51:7). In the 'Olah (II. ii) the blood went upward, in the chattath it went downward and outward "without the camp". The former was burnt up on the altar, the latter went down on the ground..

Atonement=This is the Strong’s Concordance is Hebrew word number: H3722 - כּפר, - kaphar, pronounced - kaw-far', and means: A primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel: - appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation)..

Numbers 29:6 Beside the burnt offering of the month, and his meat offering, and the daily burnt offering, and his meat offering, and their drink offerings, according to their manner, for a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.   ->   All these were the requirements for the first day. A large and wonderful celebration to Father indeed.

We move now to the tenth day of the month, which is the Day of Atonement.

29:7-11 Tenth day.

Numbers 29:7 And ye shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy convocation; and ye shall afflict your souls: ye shall not do any work therein:   ->   This tenth day of the month of Ethanim is another day they were to do no work; on the first day it was no laborious work, here it is no work at all. Their chores and their meals should have been completed and prepared the night before; they were to have a gathering of the assembly and again a reading of the law.

We can compare this verse with Leviticus 23:27-32Leviticus 23:27 Also on the tenth day of this month (Ethanim) there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.   ->   The "Day of Atonement" is covered in detail in Leviticus 16, we won't cover that during this Study; but, if you like, you can make a side Study of it.

When a person would "afflict your soul," it meant that they would fast, and take no food as, it was a time to be humble before Father. So, from the evening of the tenth day of the seventh month, food wasn't prepared because it was to be a time of fasting and meditation to Father. The Day of Atonement was the day in which the High Priest went into the Holiest of Holies in order to atone for those sins that were not taken care of through the sacrifices, and the other sins that were overlooked in the people's daily lives.

The word atonement in this verse in Strong's Concordance is Hebrew word number: H3725 - כּפּר, kippur, pronounced - kip-poor', and means: From H3722; Expiation (only in plural): - Atonement.. Now let's look at H3722 - כּפר, kâphar, pronounced - kaw-far', and means: A primitive root; to cover (specifically with bitumen); figuratively to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel: - appease, make (an) atonement, cleanse, disannul, forgive, be merciful, pacify, pardon, to pitch, purge (away), put off, (make) reconcile (-liation).. This is the root of where the word "Yom Kippur" comes from today. Let's continue our reading of Leviticus 23: [23:28] And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement for you before the LORD your God.   ->   So here on this tenth day of the seventh month, the same rule of "no work" applied that was given for the Sabbath every week. This Day of Atonement was the great solemn day when the High Priest went into the Holiest of Holies in the temple, or tabernacle. He sacrificed a bullock and a goat: then he sprinkled the most holy place, the veil, and the altar, to cleanse them from all defilement.

The goat which was sacrificed was one of two goats: one would be sacrificed as a sin offering before the LORD, and one would bear the sins of the people and then be set free to wander in the wilderness. Which goat was sacrificed was decided by the casting of the lots of the Urim and Thummim which were upon the High Priests' breast plate; whichever he pulled out was the answer, by Father YHVH, as to which goat would be sacrificed and which would be set free. Once the lots had been cast upon the two goats, the one upon which the lot fell to be sacrificed would be sacrificed and the other goat known as the "scapegoat," would then have the High Priest lay his hands upon its head thereby transferring all the sins of the people upon it and then it was set free. [23:29] For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people.   ->   Father laid down the law that whoever would not continue to observe the Day of Atonement had to be put away from the children of Israel. [23:30] And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.   ->   Our Father, YHVH, loving as He is, is very strict concerning His Commandments, Judgments, Laws, Ordinances and Statutes. Think about what He is saying in this verse...that same soul will I destroy... This reminds me of Hebrews 10:31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God., and also Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear Him which is able to destroy both the soul and body in hell.. There is only one Who is able to destroy both the flesh body and your soul and that is He who created the soul: ELOHIM, Father, and He is promising that He will destroy your flesh body if you break this statute and do any manner of work on this Day of Atonement. [23:31] Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.   ->   This "no manner of any work" on the Day of Atonement must be passed down and kept forever[23:32] It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, ye shall celebrate your sabbath.   ->   Again, this day of "no manner of any work, "afflicting your souls" (fasting) and reading of the law is to take place on beginning at sundown on the ninth day of the month to sundown on the tenth day of the month of Ethanim.

Numbers 29:8 But ye shall offer a burnt offering unto the LORD for a sweet savour; one young bullock, one ram, and seven lambs of the first year; they shall be unto you without blemish:   ->   Burnt Offering=This "Burnt Offering" in the Strong's Concordance is Hebrew word number: H5930 - עולה  לה, ‛ôlâh or ‛ôlâh, pronounced - o-law', o-law', and means: Feminine active participle of H5927; a step or (collectively stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke): - ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See also H5766., now from the Dr. Bullinger: "'Olah"=The burnt offering: so called from the Hiphil of the verb 'alah, to cause the ascend [as the flame and smoke ascend by burning]. In Greekholocausta, which conveys its meaning as "being wholly burnt.", and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: "The word is applied to the offering which was wholly consumed by fire on the altar, and the whole of which, except the refuse ashes "ascended" in the smoke to God. The meaning of the whole burnt offering was that which is the original idea of all sacrifice, the offering by the sacrificer of himself, soul and body, to God--the submission of his will to the will of the Lord. The ceremonies of the burnt offering are given in detail in the book of Leviticus, [SACRIFICE].". The "Burnt Offering" here in this verse is identical to the "Burnt Offering" in verse v29:2 above, as is the "Sweet Savour" identical to the "sweet savour" up in verse v29:2 above.

Numbers 29:9 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals to a bullock, and two tenth deals to one ram,   ->   These requirements are the same as the requirements in verse v29:3 above.

Numbers 29:10 A several tenth deal for one lamb, throughout the seven lambs:   ->   Again, these requirements also are the same as the requirements in verse v29:4 above.

Numbers 29:11 One kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the sin offering of atonement, and the continual burnt offering, and the meat offering of it, and their drink offerings.   ->   Again, Leviticus 16 covers this in detail.

We now move on to the fifteenth day of the month, which begins the "Feast of Tabernacles", Numbers 29:12-16 covers this.

Numbers 29:12 And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work, and ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days:   ->   They can do the things that they need to do for the day such as cook meals, feed their livestock and such; but, they were not allowed to do any laborious work.

The requirements for the " Feast of Tabernacles" can be found in Leviticus 23: Leviticus 23:34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, 'The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.   ->   The word "tabernacles" in the Hebrew is "sokkoth" and it means "booths;" call it a lodge in the garden, or a cottage away from the main house. This day is to remember the time when the children were coming up out of the land of Egypt and their bondage to the Egyptians. It was also a reminder of the glory and splendor of the great feast which is to come, which is written of in Zachariah's prophesy and which can be read in Zechariah 14:8-16: Zechariah 14:8 And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.   ->   In that day=In what day brethren? On the very first day of Jesus' 1,000 year Millennium, better known as The LORD'S Day, and on that day, all flesh which are still alive and living in this Age of the Flesh will be changed back into their spiritual bodies, and every knee will bow to Jesus Christ, and every tongue shall confess that He is Father’s Saviour. Father told us concerning this in Romans 14:11. It matters not if you were an atheist, a religion of a different flavor, or what, on that very first day of the Millennium, every single tongue will confess that Jesus is Father’s Saviour. Also on that first day, our adversary satan will be cast into the abyss for the duration of the Millennium, and all those who were deceived by him while in the flesh will then have the opportunity to come to know the truth,--without his influence interfering with their learning--and they will see Jesus so there will be no doubt in their minds as to Who He is; but, they will not be able to approach Him because they became unclean when they whored after satan at the end of the Flesh Age; and with satan now in the pit, they will be able to hear the truth unhindered. Remember also that, on this day of His return, He will not be pleased with those of His bride who while in the flesh at the end of the Flesh Age went whoring in ignorance after the wrong husband, they went and sought the first to arrive, the pretend-to-be husband, and were spiritually impregnated with his lies. However Jesus' anger be turned away and there will be great sorrow and shame in the minds of those of His bride that have committed such abominable acts. Yes, it's true, our Father is a Jealous God; but, as He is saying here, the time for His being angry and jealous is over, at least for the next 1,000 years. Again, though, He has told us that at the end of the Millennium, He will allow satan free from the pit in order to try and draw to him any who desire to continue to follow him; then, Father will cast into the Lake of Fire satan, and all His children who did indeed desire to whore after him, thereby eliminating everything that is wicked and idolatrous in order that there be no sin any longer.

Living Waters=As we read in the Gospel of John, Jesus is the Living Waters, in other words, He is the “Life Everlasting Waters” which, as He teaches the woman at the well in Samaria in John4: John 4:7 There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus said unto her, "Give Me to drink."   ->   . Skip down to verse v4:10 with me. [4:10] Jesus answered and said unto her, “If thou knewest the gift of God, and Who it is That saith to thee, ‘Give Me to drink;’ thou wouldest have asked of Him, and He would have given thee living water.”   ->   .  [4:11] The woman saith unto him, “Sir, Thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast Thou that living water?   ->   . [4:12] Art Thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?”    ->   . [4:13] Jesus answered and said unto her, “Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again:   ->    . [4:14] But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.”   ->   We can get a better understanding of this by reading the last Book in Father's Word: the Book of Revelation, turn with me to Revelation 21: Revelation 21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.   ->   . [21:2] And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.   ->   . [21:3] And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.   ->   . Skip with me over to Revelation 22: Revelation 22:1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.    ->   . [22:2] In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.   ->   .

Zechariah 14:9 And the LORD shall be King over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD and His name One.   ->   .

Zechariah 14:10 All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananeel unto the king's winepresses.   ->    .

Zechariah 14:11 And men shall dwell in it, and there shall be no more destruction; but Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited.   ->   .

Zechariah 14:12 And this shall be the plague wherein the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.   ->   .

Zechariah 14:13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbor, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbor.   ->   .

Zechariah 14:14 And Judah also shall fight at Jerusalem; and the wealth of all the heathen shall be gathered together, gold, and silver, and apparel, in great abundance.   ->   .

Zechariah 14:15 And so shall be the plague of the horse, of the mule, of the camel, and of the ass, and of all the beasts that shall be in these tents, as this plague.   ->   .

Zechariah 14:16 And it shall come to pass, that everyone that is left of all the nations which come against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.   ->   Of course this time has not come yet for this verse is talking about the time of the millennium age when Jesus Christ has returned to this earth, and all souls are back in their corruptible bodies that they will be living in during the time of the millennium age. The Great White Throne Judgment hasn't yet taken place but, after it does then all that are judged righteous will then dawn their incorruptible bodies.

The point to remember here is that these are set times of the LORD, and the Feast of Tabernacles is one of those set times, just as the Day of Atonement was. At the death and resurrection of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, He fulfilled those time that dealt with blood sacrifices, and the atonement for sins. [23:35] On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.   ->   This is like the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Feast of Pentecost where they were to do no servile work (money making labor,) and also just like those two feasts; they were to all assemble at the tabernacle and Read the Law. Are you noticing a pattern starting to form concerning Father's Word? He wants His children to know His Word, and the only true way to come to know His Word is by reading it. [23:36] Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.   ->   During the month of Ethanim, starting on the fifteenth day and running for seven consecutive days the children of Israel were to hold a solemn assembly and read the law. Starting on the eighth day was another feast day, and another solemn assembly (gathering to read the law) and also another day in which they could do no money making labor.

Let's continue our study of the "Feasts of Tabernacles" in the Book of Numbers.
Numbers 29:13 And ye shall offer a burnt offering, a sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD; thirteen young bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year; they shall be without blemish.   ->   .

Numbers 29:14 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals unto every bullock of the thirteen bullocks, two tenth deals to each ram of the two rams.   ->   .

Numbers 29:15 And a several tenth deal to each lamb of the fourteen lambs:   ->   .

Numbers 29:16 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering and his drink offering.   ->   These were all the sacrificial offerings that were required on the fifteenth day of the month of Ethanim, the day which began the Feast of Tabernacles.




So, now that we have learned about the three major Feasts that our Father, YHVH, told the Israelites to keep and pass down from generation to generation, and the three Feasts that He wanted them to keep during the month of Ethanim. Let us now turn our attention back onto our topic: The true date of the birth of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.

In order for us to learn the date of Jesus' birth, the best place to begin our study is in the Gospel of Luke.

Luke 1:5 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.   ->   There is much meat in this verse so let's examine it slowly and closely. The first thing we notice is that there is a Roman king ruling the city of Judaea. Many times in the gospels we hear the phrase "and the Jews..." which then tells us that when we hear this phrase, we can then know that all those who call themselves Jews are not necessarily of the House of Judah, but are most likely from the city of Judaea. This holds true even to today, not all those who call themselves "Jews" are of the "Tribe of Judah" or the "House of Judah."

The second thing we quickly notice from this verse is that there is a priest named Zacharias, and he then being a priest, suggests that he is of the "Tribe of Levi." I say "suggests" because, the High Priest at this time--"Caiaphas"--is not of the Tribe of Levi; but, is appointed by the Roman hierarchy. We also know from Exodus 32, Leviticus 8, and Numbers 3 that only those of the "Tribe of Levi" were supposed to be the priests of Father YHVH, and, only the sons of Aaron were supposed to be the High Priest. So, Zacharias; who, if we were to trace his lineage, we would find that it does indeed go back to the patriarch: Levi. He, then, is authorized by Father to be a priest. We also know he is of the "Tribe of Levi" by what else is stated in this verse: "...and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron..." the Levite priests were only allowed to marry from within the Tribe of Levi.

Thirdly, the verse tells us that Zacharias was serving his course in the Temple of Father YHVH, and his course was "the course of Abia." So, what does this phrase "course of Abia" mean? In order to find the answer to this, we must turn back to the Old Testament, to the Book of Chronicles. There, we will find in I Chronicles 24, the explanation of the "courses" of the priests. Let's turn there: I Chronicles 24:1 Now these are the divisions of the sons of Aaron. The sons of Aaron; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.   ->   . [24:2] But Nadab and Abihu died before their father, and had no children: therefore Eleazar and Ithamar executed the priest's office.   ->   So, Aaron and his wife had four sons, two of them as we learn from Leviticus 10 died because they offered "strange fire" before the LORD. Now, if you are familiar with Father YHVH's Word, you'll know that it is not a bad thing to return home to Father, and that is what we do when we die. And in the case of Nadab and Abihu, it was Father Who basically said to them "get up here; I want to talk to you.". So, that leaves Aaron with only two sons; Eleazar and Ithamar, who will continue carrying out the office of the High Priest of YHVH (supposedly anyway).

I say "supposedly" because, if we were to dig further into Father's Word and read Joshua 9, Chronicles 2:55, Ezra 8:15-21 and Nehemiah, we would find out that the priests had gotten lazy and allowed those that they were supposed to "utterly destroy" to stay alive and then become the Temple Servants otherwise known as "nethinims," carrying the water and the wood that was used during sacrifices to YHVH. The priests then became even more lazy and allowed the nethinims to move into positions of writing YHVH's Word (scribes) and then even became abominable and allowed them to become the priests of YHVH. This was all against YHVH's Commandments and His Word. [24:3] And David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their service.   ->   . [24:4] And there were more chief men found of the sons of Eleazar than of the sons of Ithamar; and thus were they divided. Among the sons of Eleazar there were sixteen chief men of the house of their fathers, and eight among the sons of Ithamar according to the house of their fathers.   ->   The year is now 974, in other words, its 476 years since Aaron's oldest son, Eleazar, became the High Priest and David is king of Israel, all twelve tribes. Eleazar's descendants as this point are sixteen strong with Zadok being the High Priest, while Ithamar's descendants are eight strong with Ahimelech being the chief among them. These are the priests which could ascend to the High Priesthood, while there are other descendants of the Tribe of Levi which still serve the priesthood. [24:5] Thus were they divided by lot, one sort with another; for the governors of the sanctuary, and the governors of the house of God, were of the sons of Eleazar and of the sons of Ithamar.   ->   So as we read in this verse, the priesthood is divided by lots, or "courses." And in the next few verses, we'll see how these courses were divided. [24:6] And Shemaiah the son of Nathaneel the scribe,(a scribe is one who does the recording of Father's Word) one of the Levites wrote them before the king, and the princes, and Zadok the priest, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and before the chief of the fathers of the priests and the Levites: one principal household being taken for Eleazar, and one taken for Ithamar.   ->   Notice how Father ensured it was pointed out that Shemaiah, the son of Nathaneel the scribe was "one of the Levites." One might ask why I pointed this out? And the answer to that question is because, we read in I Chronicles 2:55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, of the father of the house of Rechab.   ->   One must know and follow genealogies. Rechab is not of the Tribe of Levi, nor are the other families mentioned in this verse, as it says; "they are the Kenites." You might ask, "who are the Kenites?" The word "kenite"in the Strong's Concordance is Hebrew word number: H7014 - קין, - qayin, pronounced - kah'-yin, and means: The same as H7013 (with a play upon the affinity to H70690; Kajin, the name of the first child, also of a place in Palestine, and of an oriental tribe: - Cain, Kenite - (s).. They are the offspring ("fruit") from the union between satan and Eve in the Garden of Eden. And our Father YHVH, is pointing this out to us, thereby ensuring we see and read this. [24:7] Now the first lot came forth to Jehoarib, the second lot to Jedaiah,   ->   . [24:8]The third to Harim, the forth to Seorim.   ->   . [24:9] The fifth to Malchijah, the sixth to Mijamin,   ->   Sharpen up for me, because now we come to the Course we turned here for: [24:10] The seventh to Hakkoz, the eighth to Abijah,   ->   Abijah's lot (or "course") is the Course we were looking for, and as we see in this verse, his was the eighth Course.

So, what does this mean? If we would have continued through the verses and Courses until we came to verses I Chronicles 24:18-19, we would have seen that there were twenty four priests, and twenty four Courses. Like our current fifty two weeks in a calendar year, they also had fifty two weeks in a year on the Hebrew calendar. So, logically speaking, you could assign a date to each of the Courses, and you would come up with forty-eight Courses. As we learned earlier in our Study, there were three Feasts (Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles), plus the Feast of Atonement on the tenth day of the seventh month (Ethanim). So, there were four times in a year that all the priests served together, plus their weekly Courses which meant that every priest had to serve twice a year along with during the Feast days.

With that being said, let's again look at Abijah's Courses. His courses were the eighth and thirty-second. So, now let's figure out how this all fell out.

The first day of the Hebrew Calendar New Year was the Spring Equinox (don't forget, this equates to our current calendar March 20th/21st depending upon which day the sun is directly above the earth's equator,) that was day one of the Calendar New Year but, much like our government today starts their Fiscal New Year on October 1st, the priesthood started the Courses on the 1st day of the Civil New Year each year. That means that Jehoarib (and his offspring) served for the first week, the week directly following the Feast of Tabernacles. So then Abijah's Course, being the 8th and 32nd, would commence on 12-18 Chisleu on the Hebrew Calendar or 6-12 December on our calendar, and then again on 12-18 Sivan or 13-19 June.

Now, using logic, common sense, and, an orderly fashion, let's figure out which Course Zacharias was performing when he was serving in Luke 1:5. If we are to assume as current tradition has it, and Christ was born on December 25th, that would mean:

** Zacharias would have to have been serving his Course during the month of Ethanim which we know is not true. Yes, he served during the Feasts in the month of Ethanim but, the scriptures do not say the other priests were serving with him in Luke 1; so then this was not during any of the Feasts in the month of Ethanim;

** It would also mean that Mary conceived sometime during Passover, which would also mean that Christ's date of birth would have been in a month which had/has no significance; as Father had not assigned any significance to the month of Chisleu/December;

** Likewise also, it would mean that the shepherds were in their fields with their flocks during the winter months, which doesn't make any sense because the pastures are dormant and not growing during the winter months, and there wouldn't be any good pasture for the flocks to eat, and;

** We know from Luke 2, that the census for taxation was being conducted; and even being as rude and crude as the Romans were, they still used common sense and would have conducted the census for taxation during a time\month which would have allowed travel in order to take an accurate accounting for monetary purposes - they wanted as many people there as possible in order to collect as much money as possible.

So, now let's look and see if Zacharias was possibly serving his Course at some other time that would align with Father's Word. Let's say that Zacharias was serving his Course during the month of Sivan (June,) which was a month he was supposed to be in the Temple serving. That would mean that when he arrived home it would still be the month of Sivan and his wife, Elisabeth, would become pregnant during the month of Sivan (June) (Don't forget, YHVH's hand was in this pregnancy,) that would make her five month mark at the end of the month of Marchesvan (November,) of which she hid herself (Luke 1:24) and her sixth month mark when Mary would arrive in the month of Chisleu (December). Let's now skip down to read Luke 1:14:

Luke 1:24 And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months, saying,   ->   .

Luke 1:25 "Thus hath the LORD dwelt with me in the days wherein He looked on me, to take away my reproach among men."   ->   .

Luke 1:26 And in the sixth month (the 6th month of her pregnancy) the angel Gabriel was sent of God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth.   ->   .

Luke 1:27 To a virgin espoused (engaged) to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David (meaning he was of the "House of Judah" and the "Tribe of Judah"); and the virgins name was Mary.   ->   .

Luke 1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, "Hail, thou that art highly favored, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women."   ->   .

Luke 1:29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.   ->   .

Luke 1:30 And the angel said unto her, "Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favor with God.   ->   .

Luke 1:31 And, behold, thou shall conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a Son, and shall call his name JESUS.   ->   .

Luke 1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto Him the throne of His father David:   ->   .

Luke 1:33 And He shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of His Kingdom there shall be no end."   ->   .

Luke 1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, "How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?"   ->   .

Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, "The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy Thing Which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.   ->   .

Luke 1:36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren.   ->   So during Elisabeth's sixth month of pregnancy (remember she became pregnant in Sivan/June, so that makes this the month of Chisleu/December), the angel Gabriel is sent from YHVH (from heaven) to the city of Nazareth, to Mary, the soon to be mother of Jesus, to tell her that she too will become pregnant. If we were to add the normal pregnancy time and count from Chisleu/December, we would come to the month of Ethanim/September.

Now, going back to what we learned about the month of Ethanim/September, such as the Feast of the Blowing of the Trumpets, (would not this be The Truly Joyous Event that the Trumpets should blow?!), the Feast of Atonement (The Saviour of the World, The High Priest who takes away our sins arrives), and the Feast of Tabernacles (YHVH - Immanuel - God with us, - Jesus, began to Tabernacle with man) it would absolutely make more sense that this is the month that Jesus was born to Mary.

It would also make more sense that this is the month that the census would have been taken, which is why Joseph and Mary traveled to Bethlehem, and it was also a month that the shepherds would have been out in their fields with their flocks. Again, Father is a God of Order, Common Sense and Logic; not of confusion, chaos or randomness.

Our Lord and Saviour Jesus, was conceived on Chisleu/December 25 and when we follow it out, we find that His day of birth was Ethanim/ September 29th.

Nov 2012


  Copyright (c)2009 &