|* Isaiah 37
Isaiah 36—along with its parallel chapter, II Kings 18—brought us King Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo (Hezekiah) being attacked and besieged by San-khay-reeb' (Sennacherib) the king of Assyria. After San-khay-reeb'—I'll allow San-khay-reem' himself via his scroll describe what he captured: “forty-six of his fenced cities, and the strongholds, and the smaller cities which were round about them which were without number, by the battering of rams, and the attack of engines and by the assaults of foot soldiers, and I besieged, I captured, 200,100 people, small and great, male and female, horses, and mules, and asses, and camels, and men, and sheep innumerable from their midst I brought out, and, I reckoned [them] as spoil. [Yekh-iz-ze-yaw'-hoo] himself like a caged bird within Jerusalem, his royal city, I shut in...”—he then departed to continue on his quest to capture and take control of as many countries in the area as he could in order to expand his kingdom. His next stop was Lachish, and as he was engaged in battle against it and was about to over-run it, knowing assuredly that victory was within his grasp, he sent his General Rab-shaw-kay' (Rabshakeh) along with an administrative staff—namely Tar-tawn' (Tartan) and Rab-saw-reece' (Rabsaris)—and a military contingent back to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo to negotiate the terms of Judah's surrender. Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, fearing for his life, sent his representatives—El-yaw-keem' (Eliakim) (son of Hilkiah) the overseer of Judah, Yo-awkh' (Joah) (son of Asaph) the recorder, and Sheb-naw' (Shebna) the scribe of whom no genealogy is listed, thus showing us, he was a kenite nethinim—out to greet the General and his staff, and as they were discussing the terms for Judah's surrender, Rab-shaw-kay' gave El-yaw-keem' his demands, which included his great blasphemies against our Father YHVH.
We begin this Chapter reading what happened when El-yaw-keem' delivered Rab-shaw-kay's demands and blasphemies against our Father to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: "Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen."
36:1-39:8 HISTORIC EVENTS AND PROPHESIES. (HEZEKIAH.) (Extended and Repeated Alternation.)
36:1-37:13 The king of Assyria. His summons to surrender Jerusalem.
36:1-37:13 THE KING OF ASSYRIA. ( Introversion.)
36:22-37:7 Hezekiah. Reception of message.
36:22-37:7 HEZEKIAH. RECEPTION OF MESSAGE. (Alternation.)
37:1 YHVH. Answer sought from.
Isaiah 37:1 And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah (strengthened of JAH; or, the might of YHVH) (Yekh-iz-kee-yaw'-hoo) heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD. —> After Rab-shaw-kay' gave El-yaw-keem' his demands for Judah's surrender, El-yaw-keem' turned and reported those demands to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, and in doing so, he also passed along that Rab-shaw-kay spoke very many blasphemous words concerning Father YHVH.
Heard it=What did he hear? Remember, we read in II Kings 18:27 that Rab-shaw-kay' directly addressed the people defending their city against him, and said that things in Jerusalem would get so bad that, they would end up drinking their own urine and eating their own feces in order to survive, we also read in II Chronicles 32:17 that he—Rab-shaw-kay'—not only spoke blasphemous words; but, that he also wrote letters railing on Father. What did those letters say? Let's read of it: II Chronicles 32:17 ...As the gods of the nations of other lands have not delivered their people out of mine hand, so shall not the God of Hezekiah deliver his people out of mine hand. —> He said that Father YHVH wasn't capable of protecting His People. Rab-shaw-kay's error was in believing that since Father had allowed the Nation of the House of Israel to go into captivity to the Assyrians, that they could also take the House of Judah into captivity as well. Rab-shaw-kay had no clue that it was Father Who forsook His People because of their serving and worshiping of false gods, idols and images and holding their orgies up in the asherah groves.
For his part, upon hearing how Rab-shaw-kay' did indeed blaspheme Father, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo went into Father's House in order to take those blasphemous words to Him; though, he didn't have to as; Father hears, knows, and sees all things. Also, we'll read in the next verse that he sent El-yaw-keem', the elders of the priests, and Sheb-naw' to Father's Prophet Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo (Isaiah) all dressed in sackcloth, and as we read in II Chronicles 32:20, both Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo and Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo went into Father's House and together they Prayed and cried out unto Father.
For our part, what can we take away from this verse brethren? When things become so bad in our lives that we think they cannot get any worse, what do we do? We go to Father,—we need not do anything special such as we see some of our fellow Christians, where they make fools of their selves by trying to speak in "the tongue of the angels," or fall down "slain in the spirit," or any other foolish nonsense—we talk to our Father and tell Him what has befallen us,—He already knows anyway, He is just waiting to see what you'll do—and ask Him for His assistance as; we cannot overcome the present obstacle ourselves. He absolutely loves for us to come to Him and ask His assistance such as Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo is doing here.
Hezekiah= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2396, - חזקיּה, חזקיּהוּ, יחזקיּה, or יחזקיּהוּ, - chizqı̂yâh, chizqı̂yâhu, yechizqı̂yâh, or yechizqı̂yâhû, pronounced - khiz-kee-yaw', khiz-kee-yaw'-hoo, yekh-iz-kee-yaw', yekh-iz-kee-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H2388 and H3050; strengthened of Jah; Chizkijah, a king of Judah, also the name of two other Israelites: - Hezekiah, Hizkiah, Hizkijah. Compare H3169., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Twelfth king of Judah, son of the apostate Ahaz and Abi or Abijah, ascended the throne at the age of 25. Hezekiah was one of the three most perfect kings of Judah II Kings 18:5; Sirach 49:4. His first act was to purge and repair and reopen with splendid sacrifices and perfect ceremonial the temple. He also destroyed a brazen serpent, said to have been the one used by Moses in the miraculous healing of the Israelites Numbers 21:9, which had become an object of adoration. When the kingdom of Israel had fallen, Hezekiah invited the scattered inhabitants to a peculiar passover, which was continued for the unprecedented period of fourteen days II Chronicles 29:30,31. At the head of a repentant and united people, Hezekiah ventured to assume the aggressive against the Philistines and in a series of victories not only rewon the cities which his father had lost II Chronicles 28:18, but even dispossessed them of their own cities except Gaza II Kings 18:8, and Gath. He refused to acknowledge the supremacy of Assyria II Kings 18:7. Instant war was imminent and Hezekiah used every available means to strengthen himself II Kings 20:20. It was probably at this dangerous crisis in his kingdom that we find him sick and sending for Isaiah, who prophesies death as the result II Kings 20:1. Hezekiah's prayer for longer life is heard. The prophet had hardly left the palace when he was ordered to return and promise the king immediate recovery and fifteen years more of life II Kings 20:4. An embassy coming from Babylon ostensibly to compliment Hezekiah on his convalescence, but really to form an alliance between the two powers, is favorably received by the king, who shows them the treasures which he had accumulated. For this Isaiah foretells the punishment that shall befall his house II Kings 20:17. The two invasions of Sennacherib occupy the greater part of the scripture records concerning the reign of Hezekiah. The first of these took place in the third year of Sennacherib, and occupies only three verses II Kings 18:13-16. Respecting the commencement of the second invasion we have full details in II Kings 18:7 seq.; II Chronicles 32:9 seq.; Isaiah 36:1 ... Sennacherib sent against Jerusalem an army under two officers and his cupbearer, the orator Rabshakeh, with a blasphemous and insulting summons to surrender; but Isaiah assures the king he need not fear, promising to disperse the enemy II Kings 19:6,7. Accordingly that night "the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred fourscore and five thousand." Hezekiah only lived to enjoy for about one year more his well-earned peace and glory. He slept with his fathers after a reign of twenty-nine years, in the 56th year of his age.”.
37:2-5 Hezekiah. Message sent to Isaiah.
Isaiah 37:2 And he sent Eliakim ( YAH of raising; or, raised up by YAH) (El-yaw-keem'), who was over the household, and Shebna (growth; or, vigor) (Sheb-naw') the scribe, and the elders of the priests covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah (YAH has saved) (Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo) the prophet the son of Amoz (Strong) (Aw-mohts’). —> Upon hearing all that Rab-shaw-kay' had said and how he had blasphemed Father, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo turned his representatives around—note the absence of Yo-awkh' (Joah) here in these verses as compared to II Kings 18:37—and he sent them on to Father's Prophet Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo in order for him to go to Father with Rab-shaw-kay's blasphemies.
Eliakim=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H471, - אליקים, - 'Elyâqı̂ym, pronounced - El-yaw-keem', and means: From H410 and H6965; God of raising; Eljakim, the name of four Israelites: - Eliakim., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Son of Hilkiah, master of Hezekiah's household ("over the house," as) Isaiah 36:3; II Kings 18:18,26,27. Eliakim was a good man, as appears by the title emphatically applied to him by God, "my servant Eliakim" Isaiah 22:20, and also in the discharge of the duties of his high station, in which he acted as a "father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah" Isaiah 22:21.”.
Shebna=First from the Strong’s Concordance: H7644, - שׁבנא, שׁבנה, - Shebnâ', or Shebnâh, pronounced - Sheb-naw', Sheb-naw', and means: From an unused root meaning to grow; growth; Shebna or Shebnah, an Israelite: - Shebna, Shebnah., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A person of high position in Hezekiah's court, holding at one time the office of prefect of the palace Isaiah 22:15, but subsequently the subordinate office of secretary II Kings 18:18; 19:2; and Isaiah 36:3.”.
Isaiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3470, - ישׁעיה, or ישׁעיהוּ, - Yesha‛yâh, or Yesha‛yâhû, pronounced - Yesh-ah-yaw', or Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H3467 and H3050; Jah has saved; Jeshajah, the name of seven Israelites: - Isaiah, Jesaiah, Jeshaiah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The prophet, son of Amoz. The Hebrew name signifies Salvation of Jahu (a shortened form of Jehovah), He prophesied concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah Isaiah 1:1. He was married and had two sons. Rabbinical tradition says that Isaiah, when 90 years old, was sawn asunder in the trunk of a carob tree by order of Manasseh, to which it is supposed that reference is made in Hebrews 11:37.”.
Amoz= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H531, - אמוץ, - 'Amôts, pronounced - Aw-mohts', and means: From H553; strong; Amots, an Israelite: - Amoz., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Father of the prophet Isaiah, and, according to rabbinical tradition, brother of Amaziah king of Judah II Kings 19:2,20; 20:1; II Chronicles 26:22; Isaiah 1:1.”.
Isaiah 37:3 And they said unto him, “Thus saith Hezekiah, ‘This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth. —> Upon arriving before Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's representatives tell him word-for-word what he told them to say to him.
Day of trouble=Think of this "day of trouble" in Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's time as our Day of Trouble otherwise known as Jacobs Day of Trouble, when our very own Assyrian will come against us in this, the final Generation of this Earth Age of flesh man.
Blasphemy=Check out this word as it is used here in this verse brethren and you'll discover that it is Strong's Concordance, Hebrew word number: H5007, - נאצה, נאצה ,- ne'âtsâh, ne'âtsâh, pronounced - neh-aw-tsaw', neh-aw-tsaw', and means: From H5006; scorn: - blasphemy., if we were to follow out H5006 we would find that it means abhor, despise, or reproach, and we can note Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's reference to this in his "Songs of Degrees" Psalms 120:2,3; 123:3,4; and by Dr. Bullinger noting it in his Companion Bible in Appendix 67(i). We'll also find that the word "blasphemy" as is used here, is different from what we find in verse v19:6 below, which we'll research when we come to it.
For the children...strength to bring forth=This Hebrew figure of speech, or Hebraism which means that when a woman is pregnant and she is at the time when the child is ready to be birthed; however, she herself doesn't have the strength to actually birth her baby, it is a very dangerous situation for both the mother and her child, in other words, it's a life-threatening situation for both mother and child.
Isaiah 37:4 It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh (chief cupbearer) (Rab-shaw-kay'), whom the king of Assyria ([in the sense of successful]) (Ash-shoor’) his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the remnant that is left.’ ” —> Neither Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo nor his representatives had to worry as to whether Father had heard the blasphemous words of Rab-shaw-kay' or not as; He heard. As I said previously, Father hears, knows, and sees, all things.
Reproach=Here is another word we need to check out in our Strong’s Concordance brethren, we’ll find it is Hebrew word number: H2778, - חרף, - châraph, pronounced - khaw-raf', and means: A primitive root; to pull off, that is, (by implication) to expose (as by stripping); specifically to betroth (as if a surrender); figuratively to carp at, that is, defame; denominatively (from H2779) to spend the winter: - betroth, blaspheme, defy, jeopard, rail, reproach, upbraid., in other words, to disparage, revile and taunt. So what Rab-shaw-kay had told El-yaw-keem' and the people defending Judah was that, Father YHVH had no power or strength to stop what he was about to do to Judah.
Lift up thy prayer=This is another area where Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo’s “Songs of Degrees” bear witness to his prayer while he is in distress, see Psalms 120:1; 130:1,2; and Dr. Bullinger’s Companion Bible Appendix 67(iv). Trusting (II Kings 19:4; 19:15; and Isaiah 36:4; 36:15) in our Father, leads us to Pray to; or, put another way, talk with,—which in reality is what Prayer is—Him.
Remnant that is left=Remember brethren, we read in II Kings 18:13 and in the Introduction to this Chapter that, "forty-six of his fenced cities, and the strongholds, and the smaller cities which were round about them which were without number, by the battering of rams, and the attack of engines and by the assaults of foot soldiers, and I besieged, I captured, 200,100 people, small and great, male and female, horses, and mules, and asses, and camels, and men, and sheep innumerable from their midst I brought out, and, I reckoned [them] as spoil. [Yekh-iz-ze-yaw'-hoo] himself like a caged bird within Jerusalem, his royal city, I shut in;" so, in other words, at present, there aren't too many people left in Judah.
Rabshakeh=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H7262, - רבשׁקה, - Rabshâqêh, pronounced - Rab-shaw-kay', and means: From H7227 and H8284; chief butler; Rabshakeh, a Babylonian official: - Rabshakeh., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ II Kings 18:17; Isaiah 36:1; and 37:1 ... One of the officers of the king of Assyria sent against Jerusalem in the reign of Hezekiah [HEZEKIAH]. The English version takes Rabshakeh as the name of a person; but it is more probably the name of the office which he held at the court, that of chief cupbearer.”.
Assyria= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H804, - אשׁוּר, or אשּׁר, - 'ashshûr, or 'ashshûr, pronounced - ash-shoor', or ash-shoor', and means: Apparently from H833 (in the sense of successful); Ashshur, the second son of Shem; also his descendants and the country occupied by them (that is, Assyria), its region and its empire: - Asshur, Assur, Assyria, Assyrians. See H838., and now form the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ was a great and powerful country lying on the Tigris Genesis 2:14, the capital of which was Nineveh Genesis 10:11. It derived its name apparently from Asshur, the son of Shem Genesis 10:22, who in later times was worshipped by the Assyrians as their chief god. Extent. — The boundaries of Assyria differed greatly at different periods, Probably in the earliest times it was confined to a small tract of low country lying chiefly on the left bank of the Tigris. Gradually its limits were extended, until it came to be regarded as comprising the whole region between the Armenian mountains (lat. 37 30') upon the north, and upon the south the country about Baghdad (lat. 33 30'). Eastward its boundary was the high range of Zagros, or mountains of Kurdistan; westward it was, according to the views of some, bounded by the Mesopotamian desert, while according to others it reached the Euphrates.General character of the country. — On the north and east the high mountain-chains of Armenia and Kurdistan are succeeded by low ranges of limestone hills of a somewhat arid aspect. To these ridges there succeeds at first an undulating zone of country, well watered and fairly productive, which extends in length for 250 miles, and is interrupted only by a single limestone range. Above and below this barrier is an immense level tract, now for the most part a wilderness, which bears marks of having been in early times well cultivated and thickly peopled throughout. Original peopling. — Scripture informs us that Assyria was peopled from Babylon Genesis 10:11, and both classical tradition and the monuments of the country agree in this representation. Date of the foundation of the kingdom. — As a country, Assyria was evidently known to Moses Genesis 2:14; 25:18; Numbers 24:22,24. The foundation of the Assyrian empire was probably not very greatly anterior to B.C. 1228. History. — The Mesopotamian researches have rendered it apparent that the original seat of government was not at Nineveh, but at Kileh-Sherghat, on the right bank of the Tigris. The most remarkable monarch of the earlier kings was called Tiglath-pileser. He appears to have been king towards the close of the twelfth century, and thus to have been contemporary with Samuel. Afterwards followed Pul, who invaded Israel in the reign of Menahem II Kings 15:29, and Shalmaneser who besieged Samaria three years, and destroyed the kingdom of Israel, himself or by his successor Sargon, who usurped the throne at that time. Under Sargon the empire was as great as at any former era, and Nineveh became a most beautiful city. Sargon's son Sennacherib became the most famous of the Assyrian kings. He began to reign. He invaded the kingdom of Judea in the reign of Hezekiah. He was followed by Esarhaddon, and he by a noted warrior and builder, Sardanapalus. In Scripture it is remarkable that we hear nothing of Assyria after the reign of Esarhaddon, and profane history is equally silent until the attacks began which brought about her downfall. The fall of Assyria, long previously prophesied by Isaiah Isaiah 10:5-19, was effected by the growing strength and boldness of the Medes, about 625 B.C. The prophecies of Nahum and Zephaniah Zephaniah 2:13-15 against Assyria were probably delivered shortly before the catastrophe. General character of the empire. — The Assyrian monarchs bore sway over a number of petty kings through the entire extent of their dominions. These native princes were feudatories of the great monarch, of whom they held their crown by the double tenure of homage and tribute. It is not quite certain how far Assyria required a religious conformity from the subject people. Her religion was a gross and complex polytheism, comprising the worship of thirteen principal and numerous minor divinities, at the head of all of whom stood the chief god, Asshur, who seems to be the deified patriarch of the nation Genesis 10:22. Civilization of the Assyrians. — The civilization of the Assyrians was derived originally from the Babylonians. They were a Shemitic race originally resident in Babylonia (which at that time was Cushite) and thus acquainted with the Babylonian inventions and discoveries, who ascended the valley of the Tigris and established in the tract immediately below the Armenian mountains a separate and distinct nationality. Still, as their civilization developed it became in many respects peculiar. Their art is of home growth. But they were still in the most important points barbarians. Their government was rude and inartificial, their religion coarse and sensual, and their conduct of war cruel. Modern discoveries in Assyria. — (Much interest has been excited in reference to Assyria by the discoveries lately made there, which confirm and illustrate the Bible. The most important of them is the finding of the stone tablets or books which formed the great library at Nineveh, founded by Shalmaneser, but embodying tablets written 2000 years B.C. This library was more than doubled by Sardanapalus. These tablets were broken into fragments, but many of them have been put together and deciphered by the late Mr. George Smith, of the British Museum. All these discoveries of things hidden for ages, but now come to light, confirm the Bible. — ED.)”.
Isaiah 37:5 So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah. —> Unless you actually Study Father's Word, this verse and verse v37:2 above could confuse you as; this verse says that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's representatives just now came to Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo. So, how do we clear-up the confusion? The answer lies in the words "came" and "to" in this verse. We find the word “came” as used here, is, in the Strong’s Concordance, Hebrew word number: H935, - בּוא, - bô', pronounced - bo, and means: A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications): - abide, apply, attain, X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry, X certainly, (cause, let, thing for) to come (against, in, out, upon, to pass), depart, X doubtless again, + eat, + employ, (cause to) enter (in, into, -tering, -trance, -try), be fallen, fetch, + follow, get, give, go (down, in, to war), grant, + have, X indeed, [in-]vade, lead, lift [up], mention, pull in, put, resort, run (down), send, set, X (well) stricken [in age], X surely, take (in), way.; so, the word “came” as used in this verse means to abide, or stay. Now let’s look at the word “go” in the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H413, - אל, אל, - 'êl, 'el, pronounced - ale, el, and means: (Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to: - about, according to, after, against, among, as for, at, because (-fore, -side), both . . . and, by, concerning, for, from, X hath, in (-to), near, (out) of, over, through,to (-ward), under, unto, upon, whether, with(-in)., as we see, the word "to" means near or with. So, looking at it as a whole, what this verse is saying is that, after giving Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's message, El-yaw-keem' stood-by awaiting for Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo's reply. He didn't have to wait too long to receive it.
37:6 YHVH. Answer sent from.
Isaiah 37:6 And Isaiah said unto them, “Thus shall ye say unto your master, ‘Thus saith the LORD, ‘Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed Me. —> Yesh-aw-yah'-hoo tells Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo's men that they are to tell Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo not to worry as; Father has indeed heard the blasphemy spoken by these Assyrians against Him, and He has it in His "in-box" marked "for action." Neither they, Rab-shaw-kay, nor San-khay-reeb' will be getting away with what they're saying.
37:7 YHVH. Answer sent from.
Isaiah 37:7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.’ ’ ” —> This is what Father told Yesh-aw-yah-hoo to tell Yekh-iz-kee-yah’-hoo, in this we see that He is promising Yekh-iz-kee-yah’-hoo that He will send a blast on the Assyrians that will cause them to return back home. Not only is Rab-shakeh and the army going to return home, they will all die when they get there. Brethren, do you see what a difference it makes when Father is with you; for when He is for you, who can be against you. Even if it is just Father and you, with Father on your side, you are in the Majority. We will see that the events will come to pass exactly as Father said they would. This is why when the problems come, and you have done all that you can do, that is the time to turn them over to Father. Go to Him as; He knows your problems better than you do.
Blast=The “blast” is the “rūach” i.e., the Holy Spirit, otherwise known as: the breath of Father. So, what happened? Father's Spirit when out and caused a rumor to be heard in San-shay-reeb's ears that the Egyptians were coming to assist in fighting against him. This frightened him, which is exactly what Father said would happen.
37:8-13 Rabshakeh. Second embassy.
37:8-13 RABSHAKEH. SECOND EMBASSY. (Alternation.)
Isaiah 37:8 So Rab-shakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah (whiteness) (Lib-naw’): for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish (invincible) (Law-keesh’). —> There are differing opinions as to what actually took place here as; depending on which scholar you listen to, either Law-keesh had fallen to San-khay-reeb' and he was now moving onto Lib-naw to begin his war against it; or San-khay-reeb' had found Law-keesh too difficult to overcome; therefore, he abruptly abandoned his campaign against Law-keesh in order to not lose too many of his troops, so as to now begin his campaign against Lib-naw, I personally favor the latter scenario. In either case, he is moving closer towards Jerusalem.
This Lib-naw was one of the cities of refuge where a person who accidentally killed someone, could flee and be safe until it was determined that it was indeed an accident, or then stand trial if it was determined to have been intentional; which, then means, it was one of the Levitical Priest's Cities.
Libnah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3841, - לבנה, - Libnâh, pronounced - Lib-naw', and means: The same as H3839; Libnah, a place in the Desert and one in Palestine: - Libnah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ A royal city of the Canaanites which lay in the southwest part of the Holy Land, taken by Joshua immediately after the rout of Beth-horon. It was near Lachish, west of Makkedah. It was appropriated with its "suburbs" to the priests Joshua 21:13; I Chronicles 6:57. In the reign of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat it "revolted" form Judah at the same time with Edom II Kings 8:22; II Chronicles 21:10. Probably the modern Ayak el-Menshiyeh.”.
Lachish=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3923, - לכישׁ, - Lâkı̂ysh, pronounced - Law-keesh', and means: From an unused root of uncertain meaning; Lakish, a place in Palestine: - Lachish., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city lying south of Jerusalem, on the borders of Simeon, and belonging to the Amorites, the king of which joined with four others, at the invitation of Adonizedek king of Jerusalem, to chastise the Gibeonites for their league with Israel Joshua 10:3,5. They were routed by Joshua at Beth-horon, and the king of Lachish fell a victim with the others under the trees at Makkedah Joshua 10:26. The destruction of the town shortly followed the death of the king Joshua 10:31-33. In the special statement that the attack lasted two days, in contradistinction to the other cities which were taken in one, we gain our first glimpse of that strength of position for which Lachish was afterward remarkable. Lachish was one of the cities fortified and garrisoned by Rehoboam after the revolt of the northern kingdom II Chronicles 11:9. In the reign of Hezekiah it was one of the cities taken by Sennacherib. This siege is considered by Layard and Hincks to be depicted on the slabs found by the former in one of the chambers of the palace at Kouyunjik. After the return from captivity, Lachish with its surrounding "fields" was re-occupied by the Jews Nehemiah 11:30. ”.
Isaiah 37:9 And he heard say concerning Tirhakah (exalted) (Teer-haw’-kaw) king of Ethiopia (burnt faces) (koosh), “He is come forth to make war with thee.” And when he heard it, he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, —> What is transpiring here is that San-khay-reeb is quickly running out of time to engage Yekh-iz-kee-yah’-hoo in battle as this Teer-haw'-kaw is either directly coming to assist Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo; or, he is headed to Assyria in order to engage war against the city while San-khay-reeb is busy trying to best Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo. In either case, it spells trouble for San-khay-reeb.
This Teer-haw'-kaw was king of Koosh by birth; but, he was also king of Egypt (Mits-rah-yim) after having conquered it. Teer-haw'-kaw also depending upon whom you read—listen to—is identified by several different names: Josephus identifies him as Tharsice; in the Septuagint version it is Tharaca; and by Africanus he is called Taracus; and is the same, who, by Strabo, out of Megasthenes, is named Tearcon the Ethiopian: the Ethiopia of which he was king was either the upper Ethiopia or that beyond Egypt; to which agrees the Arabic version, which calls him Tharatha king of the Abyssines. Regardless of all this, he will later be defeated during a fifteen day battle by Esarhaddon, the son of San-khay-reeb, after his father dies and he ascends to the throne.
Tirhakah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8640, - תּרהקה, - Tirhâqâh, pronounced - Teer-haw'-kaw, and means: Of foreign derivation; Tirhakah, a king of Kush: - Tirhakah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ The opponent of Sennacherib II Kings 19:9; Isaiah 37:9. He may be identified with Tarkos or Tarakos, who was the third and last king of the twenty-fifth dynasty, which was of Ethiopians. Possibly Tirhakah ruled over Ethiopia before becoming king of Egypt.”.
Ethiopia=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3568, - כּוּשׁ, - Kûsh, pronounced - Koosh, and means: Probably of foreign origin; Cush (or Ethiopia), the name of a son of Ham, and of his territory; also of an Israelite: - Chush, Cush, Ethiopia., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ The country which the Greeks and Romans described as "AEthiopia" and the Hebrews as "Cush" lay to the south of Egypt, and embraced, in its most extended sense, the modern Nubia, Sennaar, Kordofan and northern Abyssinia , and in its more definite sense the kingdom of Meroe Ezekiel 29:10. The Hebrews do not appear to have had much practical acquaintance with Ethiopia itself, though the Ethiopians were well known to them through their intercourse with Egypt. The inhabitants of Ethiopia were a Hamitic race Genesis 10:6. They were divided into various tribes, of which the Sabeans were the most powerful. The history of Ethiopia is closely interwoven with that of Egypt. The two countries were not unfrequently united under the rule of the same sovereign. Shortly before our Saviour's birth a native dynasty of females, holding the official title of Candace (Plin. vi. 35), held sway in Ethiopia, and even resisted the advance of the Roman arms. One of these is the queen noticed in Acts 8:27.”.
Isaiah 37:10 “Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah (celebrated) (Yeh-hoo-daw'), saying, ‘Let not thy God, in whom thou trustest, deceive thee, saying, ‘Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace) shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.’ —> Rab-shaw-kay is addressing Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo and the people of Judah, and he is relaying San-kay-reeb's words of warning telling the people to not listen to Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo who had told them that Father YHVH will protect them and keep them safe. Again, if indeed the rumor is true that this Teer-haw'-haw is coming to either place: Assyria or Jerusalem, then San-khay-reeb doesn't have time to mess around and he was the people of Judah to lay down their arms and surrender quickly in order that his troops can skedaddle out of there.
King of Assyria=Remember that the king of Assyria is a type of what we shall see in our generation, the generation of the parable of the fig tree, as written in Matthew 24 and Mark 13. This Assyrian is a type of the Assyrian of the end times, who is satan in his role as the pretend-to-be-jesus: antichrist of the Book of Revelation. Our adversary satan is coming to say the very same things that this Assyrian is saying, he will be here in order to try and deceive you into believing he is jesus; however, Father is showing you and telling you exactly what to expect, and since He has forewarned you, He fully expects you to be able see right through satan's lies. Our adversary satan will promise you whatever he thinks it will take for you to worship him.
Judah= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3063, - יהוּדה, - yehûdâh, pronounced - yeh-hoo-daw', and means: From H3034; celebrated; Jehudah (or Judah), the name of five Israelites; also of the tribe descended from the first, and of its territory: - Judah.. And now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if not all, of the territory of Simeon I Samuel 27:6; I Kings 19:3, compare with Joshua 19:1 and of Dan II Chronicles 11:10, compare with Joshua 19:41,42. Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim II Chronicles 13:19; 15:8; 17:2. It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. — The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years. History. -- The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance II Chronicles 16:7, prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David.”.
Jerusalem=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3389, - ירוּשׁלם , or ירוּשׁלים , - Yerûshâlaim, or Yerûshâlayim pronounced - Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im, or Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-yim , and means: A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine: - Jerusalem.. The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.
Isaiah 37:11 Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands by destroying them utterly; and shalt thou be delivered? —> Rab-shaw-kay continues trying to sway the people by now saying and claiming that none of the other gods have been able to assist their cities in defending against the onslaught on the Assyrian Army; therefore, why should they trust that YHVH can withstand him, give up now and save your lives alive.
In order to bolster his claim, we'll see in the next few verses that he'll also individually name every city which has previously fallen to him, his king San-khay-reeb, and the Assyrian Army.
Isaiah 37:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, as Gozan (a quarry) (Go-zawn’), and Haran (parched; or, a mountaineer) (Khaw-rawn’), and Rezeph (a hot stone) (Reh’-tsef), and the children of Eden (pleasure) (Eh’-den) which were in Telasar (Assyrian hill) (Tel-as-sar’)? —> Rab-shaw-kay asks Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo where then are today, the nations and their kings whom we Assyrians have previously conquered. Notice brethren that, the list of nations he is giving here is longer that those he mentioned in Isaiah 36:19 and following.
Gozan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H1470, - גּוזן, - Gôzân, pronounced - Go-zawn', and means: Probably from H1468; a quarry (as a place of cutting stones); Gozan, a province of Assyria: - Gozan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Seems in the Authorized Version of I Chronicles 5:26 to be the name of a river, but in II Kings 17:6; 18:11; and 19:12 it is evidently applied not to a river but a country. Gozan was the tract to which the Israelites were carried away captive by Pul, Tiglath-pileser and Shalmaneser, or possibly Sargon. It is probably identical with the Gauzanitis of Ptolemy, and I may be regarded as represented by the Mygdonia of other writers. It was the tract watered by the Habor, the modern Khabour , the great Mesopotamian affluent of the Euphrates.”.
Haran=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2771, - חרן, - Chârân, pronounced - Khaw-rawn', and means: From H2787; parched; Charan, the name of a man and also of a place: - Haran., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Name of the place whither Abraham migrated with his family from Ur of the Chaldees, and where the descendants of his brother Nahor established themselves, compare Genesis 24:10 with Genesis 27:43. It is said to be in Mesopotamia Genesis 24:10, or more definitely in Padan-aram, Genesis 25:20 the cultivated district at the foot of the hills, a name well applying to the beautiful stretch of country which lies below Mount Masius between the Khabour and the Euphrates. Here, about midway in this district, is a small village still called Harran . It was celebrated among the Romans, under the name of Charrae, as the scene of the defeat of Crassus.”.
Retzef=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H7530, - רצף, - Retseph, pronounced - Reh'-tsef , and means: The same as H7529; Retseph, a place in Assyria: - Rezeph., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ One of the places which Sennacherib mentions, in his taunting message to Hezekiah, as having been destroyed by his predecessor II Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12.”.
Eden=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5729, - עדן, - ‛Eden, pronounced - Eh'-den, and means: From H5727; pleasure; Eden, a place in Mesopotamia: - Eden., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ One of the marts which supplied the luxury of Tyre with richly-embroidered stuffs. In II Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12 "The sons of Eden" are mentioned with Gozan, Haran and Rezeph as victims of the Assyrian greed of conquest. Probability seems to point to the northwest of Mesopotamia as the locality of Eden.”.
Telasar=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8515, - תּלאשּׂר, or תּלשּׂר, - Tela'śśar, or Telaśśar, pronounced - Tel-as-sar', or Tel-as-sar', and means: Of foreign derivation; Telassar, a region of Assyria: - Telassar., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Is mentioned in II Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12 as a city inhabited by "the children of Eden," --which had been conquered and was held in the time of Sennacherib, by the Assyrians. it must have been in western Mesopotamia, in the neighborhood of Harran and Orfa.”.
Isaiah 37:13 Where is the king of Hamath (walled; or, fortress)(kham-awth'), and the king of Arphad (spread out; or strong city) (Ar-pawd'), and the king of the city of Sepharvaim (the two Sipparas) (Sef-ar-vah'-yim, or Sef-aw-reem'), Hena (troubling (Hay-nah'), and Ivah (ruin) (Av-vaw')?’ ” —> These are all the nations including their armies that the Assyrians have defeated, and Rab-shaw-kay is letting the People of Judah know with certainty that they have indeed conquered them; so, why should they continue to hold out hope that YHVH should save them. He just doesn't know Father, does he brethren? Unfortunately for him, he'll be finding out Who He is very shortly.
Hamath= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2574, - חמת, - chămâth, pronounced - kham-awth', and means: From the same as H2346; walled; Chamath, a place in Syria: - Hamath, Hemath., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The principal city of upper Syria, was situated in the valley of the Orontes, which it commanded from the low screen of hills which forms the water-shed between the source of the Orontes and Antioch. The Hamathites were a Hamitic race, and are included among the descendants of Canaan Genesis 10:18. Nothing appears of the power of Hamath until the time of David II Chronicles 8:9. Hamath seems clearly to have been included in the dominions of Solomon I Kings 14:21-24. The "store-cities" which Solomon "built in Hamath" II Chronicles 8:4, were perhaps staples for trade. In the Assyrian inscriptions of the time of Ahab Hamath appears as a separate power, in alliance with the Syrians of Damascus, the Hittites and the Phoenicians. About three-quarters of a century later Jeroboam the Second "recovered Hamath" II Kings 14:28. Soon afterwards the Assyrians took it II Kings 18:34; 19:13, etc., and from this time it ceased to be a place of much importance. Antiochus Epiphanes changed its name to Epiphaneia. The natives, however, called it Hamath even in St. Jerome's time, and its present name, Hamah , is but slightly altered from the ancient form..”
Arpad=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H774, - ארפּד, - 'Arpâd, pronounced - Ar-pawd', and means: From H7502; spread out; Arpad, a place in Syria: - Arpad, Arphad., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Isaiah 36:19; 37:13 A city or district in Syria, apparently dependent on Damascus Jeremiah 49:23. No trace of its existence has yet been discovered II Kings 18:34; 19:13; Isaiah 10:9.”.
Sepharvaim=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5617, - ספרוים, or ספרים o, - Sepharvayim, or Sephârı̂ym, pronounced - Sef-ar-vah'-yim, or Sef-aw-reem', and means: Of foreign derivation; Sepharvajim or Sepharim, a place in Assyria: - Sepharvaim., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: Mentioned by Sennacherib in his letter to Hezekiah as a city whose king had been unable to resist the Assyrians II Kings 19:13; Isaiah 37:13, with which we can compare with II Kings 18:34. It is identified with the famous town of Sippara, on the Euphrates above Babylon, which was near the site of the modern Mosaib. The dual form indicates that there were two Sipparas, one on either side of the river. Berosus called Sippara "a city of the sun;" and in the inscriptions it bears the same title, being called Tsipar sha Shamas , or "Sippara of the Sun" --the sun being the chief object of worship there, compare with II Kings 17:31.
Hena=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2012, - הנע, - Hêna, pronounced - Hay-nah', and means: Probably of foreigner derivation Hena, a place apparently in Mesopotamia: - Hena., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city the Assyrian kings had reduced shortly before the time of Sennacherib II Kings 19:13; Isaiah 37:13. At no great distance from Sippara (now Mosaib ) is an ancient town called And or Anah , which may be the same as Hena. It Isaiah 20 miles from Babylon on the Euphrates.”. Now from the Easton’s Bible Dictionary: “Hena was one of the cities of Mesopotamia destroyed by Senacherib II Kings 18:34; 19:13. It is identified with the modern Anah, lying on the right bank of the Euphrates, not far from Sepharvaim.”.
Ivah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5755, - עוּא , עוּה, - ‛ivvâh, or ‛avvâ', pronounced - iv-vaw' or av-vaw', and means: For H5754; Ivvah or Avva, a region of Assyria: - Ava, Ivah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: A place in the empire of Assyria, apparently the same as Ivan II Kings 17:24.
37:14-20 Hezekiah’s fear and prayer.
Isaiah 37:14 And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up unto the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD. —> Letter=Here now, we see that Rab-shaw-kay wasn't just speaking his own words to Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo and the People of Judah; he was communicating San-khay-reeb's words which were written on a letter.
Brethren, are you paying attention? What did Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo do? When he felt things were too grave for him, he took this letter and sought the counsel of Father. Here he was, probably both physically and Spiritually exhausted and defeated; but, he had the wherewithal to seek Father. This is a perfect example for every Christian past, present, and future! There is no better place we can lay our burdens than in Father's Hands!
I also know brethren, there are some of you out there who know and realize that, when you in the past had a distressing situation and went to Father, you saw His work as you overcame your situation, and then the elation, joy, and relief you felt at having Him respond to your request.
House of the LORD=Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo's zeal for Father can be seen in his "Songs of the Degrees" in his Psalms, especially in Psalms 122:1,9, and 134:1,2, see also Dr. Bullinger's Companion Bible Appendix 67xiii.
Isaiah 37:15 And Hezekiah prayed unto the LORD, saying, —> I 'll continue with the reading of the next verse before commenting.
Isaiah 37:16 “O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, That dwellest between the cherubims, Thou art the God, even Thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: Thou hast made heaven and earth. —> Remember as we began reading of Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo brethren. we learned that there was no king of either Judah or Israel, not even David, who had as much confidence and trust in Father as Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo, and he is showing that belief and faith in these verses here. Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo knows and understands that Father ELOHIM created all things and into His hands are all things as; He has the power to control all things and if we ask Him and it is in His Plan; then, He can and will deliver it into ours as well.
Isaiah 37:17 Incline Thine ear, O LORD, and hear; open Thine eyes, O LORD, and see: and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the living God. —> Thine eyes=Contrast what Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo and Yesh-aw-yah'-hoo are asking Father to do here with Him looking down onto their situation, with Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo's prayer in his Psalm of Degree in Psalms 123:1: Psalms 123:1 Unto Thee I lift up mine eyes, O Thou That dwelleth in the heavens. —> Here in Isaiah 37:17 Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo and Yesh-aw-yah'-hoo are raising their eyes to look "up" to Father; while, in his Psalm of Degree, Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo asks Father to look "down" upon his situation.
Check out this word "reproach" brethren, in the Strong's Concordance, it is Hebrew word number: H2778, - חרף, - châraph, pronounced - khaw-raf', and means: A primitive root; to pull off, that is, (by implication) to expose (as by stripping); specifically to betroth (as if a surrender); figuratively to carp at, that is, defame; denominatively (from H2779) to spend the winter: - betroth, blaspheme, defy.; so, as we see, it means to blaspheme, defame, or defy, and that is exactly what San-khay-reeb' is doing by his railing on Father.
Living God=This phrase is always used in contrast with false idols of rocks and sticks, things carved or shaped by man's hands; things, which cannot hear, or see, or assist man; whereas, our Father is the one and only True Living God: YHVH.
Sennacherib=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5576, - סנחריב, - Sanchêrı̂yb, pronounced - San-khay-reeb', and means: Of foreign origin; Sancherib, an Assyrian king: - Sennacherib., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Was the son and successor of Sargon [SARGON]. His name in the original is read as Tsinakki-irib , the meaning of which, as given above indicates that he was not the first-born of his father. Sennacherib mounted the throne. His efforts were directed to crushing the revolt of Babylonia, which he invaded with a large army. Merodach-baladan ventured on a battle, but was defeated and driven from the country. In his third year, Sennacherib turned his arms toward the west, chastised Sidon, and, having probably concluded a convention with his chief enemy finally marched against Hezekiah, king of Judah. It was at this time that "Sennacherib came up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them" II Kings 18:13. There can be no doubt that the record which he has left of his campaign against "Hiskiah" in his third year is the war with Hezekiah so briefly touched in verses v13-16 of this chapter. In the following year Sennacherib made his second expedition into Palestine. Hezekiah had again revolted, and claimed the protection of Egypt. Sennacherib therefore attacked Egypt, and from his camp at Lachish and Libnah he sent an insulting letter to Hezekiah at Jerusalem. In answer to Hezekiah's prayer an event occurred which relieved both Egypt and Judea from their danger. In one night the Assyrians lost, either by a pestilence or by some more awful manifestation of divine power, 185,000 men! The camp immediately broke up; the king fled. Sennacherib reached his capital in safety, and was not deterred by the terrible disaster which had befallen his arms from engaging in other wars, though he seems thenceforward to have carefully avoided Palestine. Sennacherib reigned 22 years and was succeeded by Esar-haddon. Sennacherib was one of the most magnificent of the Assyrian kings. Seems to have been the first who fixed the seat of government permanently at Nineveh, which he carefully repaired and adorned with splendid buildings. His greatest work is the grand palace Kouyunjik. Of the death of Sennacherib nothing is known beyond the brief statement of Scripture that "as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword and escaped into the land of Armenia" II Kings 18:19-37; Isaiah 37:38.".
Isaiah 37:18 Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries, —> Were you paying attention while reading this verse brethren? Did you notice the plurality of the word "kings?" The reason it is plural is because it is referring to both: all the kings of Assyria who have been victorious against the other nations; and, also the vassal kings—the kings of those nations whom the Assyrian kings previously defeated—who are now joined with Assyria, and have participated in some of the same battles.
Isaiah 37:19 And have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them. —> The things created my man can all be destroyed by other men; however, those things created by Father will not fail or fall unless He allows it to. Would and does Father sometimes allow that? Yes in fact He does, when we turn from Honoring, Serving, and Worshiping Him, in order to serve man-made gods and idols, then He indeed will allow those things of His that He had provided for us to partake of or use, to fail.
Isaiah 37:20 Now therefore, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that Thou art the LORD, even Thou only.” —> You can imagine brethren, that Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo is pretty darn pleased right about now; that, he never lost his confidence, faith, or his trust in Father. Not once did it waiver to this point in his life and reign as king over the House of Judah.
That all the kingdoms of the earth may know that Thou art the LORD God, even Thou only=Again I ask brethren, are you paying attention? As, this is how we should Pray and talk to\with Father. It is His Desire, His Plan, His Will which should matter and be first in our Prayers to Him, and this is also what He wants, "...That all the kingdoms of the earth may know that Thou art YHVH, even Thou only." Just as He wanted the Egyptians to know that He is ELOHIM YHVH, and He is on His throne: He Created All Things; He has made His Covenant with His Children; and He has Power over All Things.
37:21-38 Isaiah. Answer to prayer, and promise of deliverance from Sennacherib.
37:21-38 IASIAH. ANSWER TO PRAYER. (Alternation.)
37:21 Hezekiah. Prayer regarded.
Isaiah 37:21 Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying, “Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, ‘Whereas thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria: -> Father heard Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo's Prayer which he Prayed to Father concerning San-khay-reeb', just as He hears each and every one of our Prayers we raise up to Him. Remember though brethren, just because He hears our Prayers, that doesn't mean that He'll answer those Prayers the way we desire them to be answered. He knows what is best for us; therefore, He'll answer them accordingly, i.e., if we were to ask Him to give us a rattle snake, He knows that that snake might bite us; therefore, He'll not give us that snake; or, let's say for another example we ask for a fast sports car; but, He knows that we'll disobey the law and drive that sports car above the speed limit and crash that car into a tree; He'll therefore, not give us that sports car. When Praying to Him for the things we desire, we must ensure we ask for things which further His Desires, His Plan, and His Will. Yekh-iz-kee-yah'-hoo's and Yesh-aw-yah'-hoo's Prayers here met that stipulation, i.e., they Prayed against San-khay-reeb' who had blasphemed Father; therefore, He'll answer their Prayer as they and He desire.
37:22-29 King of Assyria. Apostrophe to.
Isaiah 37:22 This is the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him; ‘The virgin, the daughter of Zion (Jerusalem), hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee. —> This verse can be a little confusing if we don't keep it in its proper context brethren. What it is saying is this:—and allow me to remind you before we go any further that, if you'll recall, Father said He was going to send His Rūach to San-khay-reeb' in order to cause him to return to his own lands—that, once he breaks off his siege against Jerusalem in order to head home, the People of the House of Judah will laugh at him behind his back for his failure to defeat them and take control of Jerusalem.
The virgin the daughter of Zion=This phrase supports and up-holds the thought of Jerusalem laughing at San-khay-reeb' behind his back as; it is Jerusalem who remained undefiled—like an undefiled virgin—by the Assyrians.
Isaiah 37:23 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel. —> Father continues to address San-khay-reeb’ through His Prophet and His king. Of course, the One Whom the Assyrian has blasphemed and reproached was our Father, YHVH. Though it is addressing San-khay-reeb’, this is also directly in reference to the “type” who is to come: satan in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus: anti-christ, the Assyrian in the latter day. Our adversary satan will also blaspheme those “virgins of Christ;” Father’s Elect. As we read above in verse v37:4, the word "reproached" in the Strong’s Concordance is Hebrew word number: 2778 - "châraph," and is a prime root, meaning to defame. Our adversary satan will do whatever he thinks is necessary to keep you from being that betrothed virgin of Christ, and cause you to surrender yourself to himself, the false husband. Just as San-khay-reeb’ the Assyrian has done to king Hezekiah, to get him to surrender to his army. Satan will set himself on high and present himself to be Father YHVH, the most powerful.
Isaiah 37:24 By thy servants hast thou reproached the LORD*, and hast said, ‘By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon ([the]white mountain [from its snow]) (Leb-aw-nohn’); and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, and the forest of his Carmel. —> What this is referring to, and saying is, Show-mer-one' (Samaria) the Capital City to the ten Tribes to the North,—in other words, the House of Israel—has already been taken into captivity; therefore, nothing can prevent me—San-khay-reeb'—from doing the same with and\or to Jerusalem and the House of Judah. Yekh-iz-yaw'-hoo cannot stop me as; he has neither the man-power, nor the means\strength.
If we didn't know\read Father's Word and what He has already said concerning San-khay-reeb', I'd pretty much have to agree with him; however, we DO know Father's Word and What He has said; therefore, we also know that what San-khay-reeb' is saying will not come to pass as; he's a dead man walking and talking and spouting off things he cannot back up.
...To the sides of Lebanon...=These boasts probably refer to the future as well as the past and they fulfill Isaiah 14:8 which reads: Isaiah 14:8 Yea, the fir trees rejoice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, 'Since thou art laid down, no feller is come up against us.' —> This refers to Nebuchadnezzar's and Esar-haddon's cutting down, as recorded in their inscriptions. They tell how they "brought the greatest of trees from the summits of Lebanon to Babylon." Nebuchadnezzar moreover boasts that he will do it in his message to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo.
*=“This is one of the 134 places wherein the sopherim inserted, or substituted “Adonai” for YHVH. Adonai is the LORD in His relation to the earth; and as carrying out His purposes of blessing in the earth. With this limitation it is almost equivalent to YHVH. Indeed, it was from an early date so used, by associating the vowel points of the word YHVH with Adon, thus converting Adon into Adonai. A list of 134 passages where this was deliberately done is preserved and given in the Massorah (107-115) see Dr. Bullinger's Companion Bible Appendix 32. I have indicated these by printing the word like YHVH—LORD—but, adding an asterisk, thus: LORD*. See also Dr. Bullinger's Companion Bible Appendix 30.”.
Lebanon=“A mountain range in the north of Palestine. The name Lebanon signifies white, and was applied either on account of snow which, during a great part of the year, cover its whole summit, or on account of the white color of its limestone cliffs and peaks. It is the "white mountain" -- the Mont Blane of Palestine. Lebanon is represented in Scripture as lying upon the northern border of the land of Israel Deuteronomy 1:7; 11:24; Joshua 1:4. Two distinct ranges bear this name. They run in parallel lines from southwest to northeast for about 90 geographical miles, enclosing between them a long, fertile valley from five to eight miles wide, anciently called Coele-Syria . The western range is the "Libanus" of the old geographers and the Lebanon of Scripture. The eastern range was called "Anti-Libanus" by geographers, and "Lebanon toward the sunrising" by the sacred writers Joshua 13:5. Lebanon--the western range--commences on the south of the deep ravine of the Litany , the ancient river Leontes, which drains the valley of Cole-Syria, and falls into the Mediterranean five miles north of Tyre. It runs northeast in a straight line parallel to the coast, to the opening from the Mediterranean into the plain of Emesa, called in Scripture the "entrance of Hamath" Numbers 34:8. Here Nehr el-Kebir--the ancient river Eleutherus-- sweeps round its northern end, as the Leontes does round its southern. The average elevation of the range is from 6000 to 8000 feet; but two peaks rise considerably higher. On the summits of both these peaks the snow remains in patches during the whole summer. The line of cultivation runs along at the height of about 6000 feet; and below this the features of the western slopes are entirely different. The rugged limestone banks are scantily clothed with the evergreen oak, and the sandstone with pines; while every available spot is carefully cultivated. The cultivation is wonderful, and shows what all Syria might be if under a good government. Fig trees cling to the naked rock; vines are trained along narrow ledges; long ranges of mulberries, on terraces like steps of stairs, cover the more gentle declivities; and dense groves of olives fill up the bottoms of the glens. Hundreds of villages are seen-- here built among labyrinths of rocks, there clinging like among labyrinths of rocks, there clinging like swallows' nests to the sides of cliffs; while convents, no less numerous, are perched on the top of every peak. The vine is still largely cultivated in every part of the mountain. Lebanon also abounds in olives, figs and mulberries; while some remnants exist of the forests of pine, oak and cedar which formerly covered it I Kings 5:6; Ezra 3:7; Psalms 29:5; Isaiah 14:8. Considerable numbers of wild beasts still inhabit its retired glens and higher peaks; the writer has seen jackals, hyaenas, wolves, bears and panthers II Kings 14:9; Song of Solomon 4:8; Habakkuk 2:17. Along the base of Lebanon runs the irregular plain of Phoenicia --nowhere more than two miles wide, and often interrupted by bold rocky spurs that dip into the sea. The main ridge of Lebanon is composed of Jura limestone, and abounds in fossils. Long belts of more recent sandstone run along the western slopes, which are in places largely impregnated with iron. Lebanon was originally inhabited by the Hivites and Giblites Joshua 13:5-6; Judges 3:3. The whole mountain range was assigned to the Israelites, but was never conquered by them Joshua 13:2-6; Judges 3:1-3. During the Jewish monarchy it appears to have been subject of the Phoenicians I Kings 5:2-6; Ezra 3:7. From the Greek conquest until modern times Lebanon had no separate history. Anti-Libanus. --The main chain of Anti-Libanus commences in the plateau of Bashan, near the parallel of Caesarea Philippi, runs north to Hermon, and then northeast in a straight line till it stinks down into the great plain of Emesa, not far from the site of Riblah. Hermon is the loftiest peak; the next highest is a few miles north of the site of Abila, beside the village of Bludan , and has an elevation of about 7000 feet. The rest of the ridge averages about 5000 feet; it is in general bleak and barren, with shelving gray declivities, gray cliffs and gray rounded summits. Here and there we meet with thin forests of dwarf oak and juniper. The western slopes descend abruptly into the Buka'a; but the features of the eastern are entirely different. Three side ridges here radiate from Hermon, like the ribs of an open fan, and form the supporting walls of three great terraces. Anti-Libanus is only once distinctly mentioned in Scripture, where it is accurately described as "Lebanon toward the sunrising" Joshua 13:5.”.
Isaiah 37:25 I have digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of the besieged places.’ -> Here, Father is saying that San-khay-reeb' had stated that he would make a swing down south of Israel in order to destroy Egypt as; if you dry up the Nile River,—and that is what San-khay-reeb' is saying here when he states "with the soles of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of the besieged places"—you thusly destroy Egypt as; the Nation, the people and the land all depended on the life that the Nile River to everything in Egypt.
Rivers=Check out this word in your Strong’s Concordance brethren as; you’ll find it is Hebrew word number: H2975, - יאר, - ye'ôr, pronounced - yeh-ore', and means: Of Egyptian origin; a channel, for example a fosse, canal, shaft; specifically the Nile, as the one river of Egypt, including its collateral trenches; also the Tigris, as the main river of Assyria: - brook, flood, river, stream.; so, in other words, we see that that was exactly what San-khay-reeb' was referring to.
Isaiah 37:26 Hast thou not heard long ago, how I have done it; and of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities into ruinous heaps. —> Father is still speaking, and now He is saying how it was He Who made the earth and all the Rivers within the earth, including the Nile. How He had purposed all His Creation,—this reminds me of Job 38 when Father was speaking with Job and asking him where he was when Father created everything, including setting all the stars and planets in their places and such—and even how He had purposed San-khay-reeb's successes and victories. He is letting San-khay-reeb' know that He is in control of all things. It is for this reason that we can trust Him brethren.
Isaiah 37:27 Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded: they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, and as corn blasted before it be grown up. —> We now switch gears sort of, and Father is now reminding San-khay-reeb’ that every one of those little towns in every nation he conquered did not have an army. God is saying that He made them as the grass of the field, to where you could just walk right over them. You didn't do any great battle, for I allowed them all to place their hope in their false gods, where there is no power. The analogy that Father is giving San-khay-reeb’ is that He made San-khay-reeb’ a blast of “hot east wind” which caused the corn in the field to be blighted; it was Father Who caused those nations not to mature into formidable strength;—even Egypt, Father had promised them that He would not destroy them; but, that they would always be a base nation—but, to die in the field before harvest time.
Let’s put this into a little clearer perspective brethren as; Father is telling San-khay-reeb’ that He was being used as this blast to bring down these people; because, “I already had it set up for My sake.” Brethren, Father is trying to show us that He will also do this in your life if you will allow Him. He knows what problems lay you which you yourself can't see, and He is forewarning us of those things that will take place. When you are forewarned; it is then that you are armed for the battle to come. Father will cause things to take place exactly as it is written in His Word, and He can also cause your crops and business to be more successful, when you turn your life and everything within it over to Him. Father can make things better for you; or, He can bring great problems into your life. Don't wait for a calamity to enter your life to seek Him out; but, enjoy the “good life” every day.
...Grass on the house tops...=All the houses in the region at this time had a flat roof, and over time the wind blowing across the region would cause dust and dirt to lay on the roof top and after a while grass would start to grow; however, it would never be deep rooted as the dirt wasn't deep; therefore, it was extremely perishable, just as these nations that San-khay-reeb' had defeated with Father's assistance. So, in other words, Father is telling San-khay-reeb' that he shouldn't have gotten a "big head" over his victories which Father had given him.
Isaiah 37:28 But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against Me. —> Here, Father is telling San-khay-reeb’—and us, and even more specifically, our adversary satan—that He knows everything concerning him,—and us and him—exactly where his—our—houses are, and everything he—and we and he—do (does), and all the blasphemes against Me, he (he) makes. This is why when our adversary satan makes a move against us, we can rest assured that Father is aware of it. However even then, we must ask Father for His protection from satan's attacks, just as Hezekiah has done here against San-khay-reeb’s attacks. When satan attacks us, that is the time to turn to Father for help; and, not to some man. Father knows the satan and our enemy’s weak points, and He is about bring you the victory. Father is a God of vengeance, and He knows how to avenge His own.
Isaiah 37:29 Because thy rage against Me, and thy tumult, is come up into Mine ears, therefore will I put My hook in thy nose, and My bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.’ —> Here, Father is telling San-khay-reeb’—and us, and even more specifically, our adversary satan—that He knows everything concerning him,—and us and him—exactly where his—our—houses are, and everything he—and we and he—do (does), and all the blasphemes against Me, he (he) makes. This is why when our adversary satan makes a move against us, we can rest assured that Father is aware of it. However even then, we must ask Father for His protection from satan's attacks, just as Hezekiah has done here against San-khay-reeb’s attacks. When satan attacks us, that is the time to turn to Father for help; and, not to some man. Father knows the satan and our enemy’s weak points, and He is about bring you the victory. Father is a God of vengeance, and He knows how to avenge His own.
37:30-32 Hezekiah. Sign given to.
Isaiah 37:30 And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof. —> Father now switches to whom He is addressing and addresses Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo and tells him through His Prophet Yesh-aw-yaw'-hoo (Isaiah) that, though because of the invasion of San-khay-reeb' and his army and the devastation they wrought, Judah didn't have the opportunity to plant and seeds, they'll still be able to eat from the vegetables which had grown up on their own for the first year; then, in the second year it'll be the same; then, in the third year, they'll be able to plant seeds and eat the fruits and vegetables from which they had planted that year. In other words, Father was telling\promising Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo and Judah that they would have safety, therefore, they need not be afraid of San-khay-reeb' and his army.
We'll also see brethren,—the next verse, v37:31 will assist in bearing this out—that Father is also saying in this that, the people of the House of Judah who at the time had been living in the rural areas until San-khay-reeb' and his army came; but, then fled their homes in order to dwell in the safety of the walled city of Jerusalem, would be able to return to their homes, where they would find fruits and vegetables growing for the first two years, and then be able to plant in safety the years following.
Isaiah 37:31 And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward: —> Again, Father is telling the People that they would not go hungry and would be able to live in safety, they had no reason to fear and could indeed trust in Him. All contrary to what San-khay-reeb' had told them when he told them they could not put their trust in Father.
Isaiah 37:32 For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of the LORD of hosts shall do this.’ ” —> Here, Father is Promising the People of the House of Judah that, He will Deliver them out of the hand of san-khay-reeb'; just as, He Promised\Promises us that, He will Deliver us out of the hand of satan in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus, anti-christ at the end of this Age of Flesh man.
37:33-38 King of Assyria. Destruction of.
Isaiah 37:33 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, “He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shields, nor cast a bank against it. —> Brethren, just as at this time we’re reading of here in II Kings 19, and the Promise of safety that He is giving the People of the House of Judah; when you have that assurance from Father through one of Father’s Prophets, you too can rest in peace, and sleep soundly all through the night for; no matter what threats the wicked leaders of this world say,—and even many of the denominational church leaders say—there will not be a nuclear holocaust. Father's Word does not say that there will be; and therefore, there will not be. You see, our adversary satan doesn't want to destroy this world; but, he does want to be the king of the souls living in the world. In other words, he wants us to worship him as our creator, our father. It is what he has wanted even from the First Earth Age when Father elevated him to the position of Protector of Father’s Mercy Seat; where, after protecting Father’s Seat for many years, he decided he no longer wanted to be Protector; but, to actually sit in that seat as god as delineated in Ezekiel 28.
Isaiah 37:34 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city,” saith the LORD. —> Again also, here is Father's Promise to His People that San-khay-reeb' and his army will cause no harm to them as; Father is going to rebuff and rebuke him and turn him away. Do you remember that He Promised that He would cause him to dream a vision and hear rumors of people coming against his own land whereby he'd want to return home quickly to defend his own land?
Isaiah 37:35 “For I will defend this city to save it for Mine own sake, and for My servant David's sake.” —> Here Father explains the "why" He is going to do this, and as He says, it is for His Own sake, and because of the Promise He gave king David, His Servant; and, notice also brethren, He does call David, His Servant. Why else will Father defend this City of Jerusalem? Because Jerusalem is Father's favorite place in all His Created universe, it is the City He took to be His wife; and, it is the City where our Lord Jesus will return to, when He returns for His Second Advent.
This just Proves to us brethren that, man's sins cannot foil Father's Plans or purpose. Father does not go outside His Own Will to explain His actions in Grace.
My Servant=There are three so-called—i.e., "My servant"—in the Book of Isaiah: David in Isaiah 37:35; Israel, or Jacob (i.e., the Nation) in 41:8; 42:19; 43:10; 44:1; 45:4; 48:20; 49:3 (and the entire rest of the Chapter); and Messiah in 42:1 and 65:8.
Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses. —> Though II Kings 19 and Isaiah 37 read almost identical; there is a difference in the wording of this verse. Here in II Kings 19:35, as we see, this verse begins "And it came to pass..."; whereas, Isaiah 37:36 begins, "Then the Angel of the LORD..."
That night=That night when the Promise of the Prophesy was fulfilled, in other words, when Father defended His City Jerusalem by calling Home to Him, 185,000 men of Ash-shoor' (Assyria).
The Angle of the LORD=This is Father Himself manifest in a form such as Jacob could see, touch, and feel on the night he wrestled and contended with Him, the night that Father changed his name from Jacob to Israel. This is most likely the same Destroying Angel which went throughout all the land of Egypt, and claimed the life of every first-born in Egypt which had not the Blood of the Lamb on their upper and two side door posts, on the night that Father led our forefathers up, out of their bondage to the Egyptians, it is also most likely also the same destroying Angel which smote 70,000 of our forefathers the night David sinned by numbering them, against Father's desires and wishes.
They arose=Meaning, either: that the men of the House of Judah arose the next morning; or, San-khay-reeb' and his staff awoke the next morning, in either case,—and I tend to lean toward the first meaning, that Father's Word means our forefathers—can you imagine brethren, awakening in the morning with trepid anticipation of the coming war; only to find that nearly every man in the opposing army lay dead where he lay down to sleep the night before? Or for that matter, can you imagine being king of this army and awakening to find every one of you soldiers dead? There were no wounds on their bodies, no signs of struggle or fight, no blood on the ground where they lay, just their dead bodies.
Dead corpses=Notice the redundancy of the words "dead" and "corpses?" They both have the same meaning, - among the no-longer living, Dr. Bullinger calls this redundancy a "pleonasm".
Isaiah 37:37 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh (abode of Ninus) (Nee-nev-ay'). —> After suffering such a momentous defeat, San-khay-reeb' packed up his belongings and returned to what he thought would be the safety of his own home; however, as we're about to find out, that just wasn't so as; shortly after he returns, he'll be murdered by his own two sons.
Nineveh=Though we didn’t read of it in the Books of the Kings, Father’s Prophet Jonah went to this very same city of Nineveh some ninety years earlier in order to preach the salvation of Father YHVH, and save the people of the city. Jonah knew the prophecy concerning Nineveh and the Assyrians, as to what they would eventually do with the capturing of the House of Israel; therefore, he tried every way possible to not go to Nineveh; however, in the end, Father spared the city. When Jonah was coughed up by the great fish in the sight of the Assyrians, they believed Jonah was sent from their fish god, dagon, and believed every word which proceeded out of Jonah’s mouth. It was these same people who conquered the House of Israel, the ten tribes to the north, and scattered them from their home land. The people of the House of Israel were taken to a place in northern Iraq where they migrated through the Caucasus mountains, to settle throughout Western Europe, and America, and today these people are known as "Caucasians" after the event of their migrations.
And=Did you catch the Polysyndeton in this verse greatly emphasizing the fact of San-khay-reeb's defeat, departure and return to his own city, which leads to what he returned for; also, that he did this without taking Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar makes no mention of this in his inscriptions. This omission is more remarkable than what San-khay-reeb' says for; had he taken Jerusalem, then this omission would be unaccountable.
Nineveh=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5210, - נינוה, - nı̂ynevêh, pronounced - nee-nev-ay', and means: Of foreign origin; Nineveh, the capital of Assyria: - Nineveh., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ The capital of the ancient kingdom and empire of Assyria. The name appears to be compounded from that of an Assyrian deity "Nin," corresponding, it is conjectured, with the Greek Hercules, and occurring in the names of several Assyrian kings, as in "Ninus," the mythic founder, according to Greek tradition of the city. Nineveh is situated on the eastern bank of the river Tigris, 50 miles from its mouth and 250 miles north of Babylon. It is first mentioned in the Old Testament in connection with the primitive dispersement and migrations of the human race. Asshur, or according to the marginal reading, which is generally preferred, Nimrod is there described Genesis 10:11, as extending his kingdom from the land of Shinar or Babylonia, in the south, to Assyria in the north and founding four cities, of which the most famous was Nineveh. Hence Assyria was subsequently known to the Jews as "the land of Nimrod," Micah 5:6, and was believed to have been first peopled by a colony from Babylon. The kingdom of Assyria and of the Assyrians is referred to in the Old Testament as connected with the Jews at a very early period, as in Numbers 24:22,24 and Psalms 83:8. But after the notice of the foundation of Nineveh in Genesis no further mention is made of the city until the time of the Book of Jonah, or the eighth century B.C. In this book no mention is made of Assyria or the Assyrians, the king to whom the prophet was sent being termed the "king of Nineveh," and his subjects "the people of Nineveh." Assyria is first called a kingdom in the time of Menahem. Nahum directs his prophecies against Nineveh; only once against the king of Assyria. Nahum 3:18. In II Kings 19:36 and Isaiah 37:37 the city is first distinctly mentioned as the residence of the monarch. Sennacherib was slain there when worshipping in the temple of Nisroch his god. Zephaniah, couples the capital and the kingdom together Zephaniah 2:13, and this is the last mention of Nineveh as an existing city. The city was then laid waste, its monuments destroyed and its inhabitants scattered or carried away into captivity. It never rose again from its ruins. This total disappearance of Nineveh is fully confirmed by the records of profane history. The political history of Nineveh is that of Assyria, of which a sketch has already been given. [ASSYRIA ] Previous to recent excavations and researches, the ruins which occupied the presumed site of Nineveh seemed to consist of mere shapeless heaps or mounds of earth and rubbish. Unlike the vast masses of brick masonry which mark the site of Babylon, they showed externally no signs of artificial construction, except perhaps here and there the traces of a rude wall of sun-dried bricks. Some of these mounds were of enormous dimensions, looking in the distance rather like natural elevations than the work of men's hands. They differ greatly in form, size and height. Some are mere conical heaps, varying from 50 to 150 feet high; others have a broad flat summit, and very precipitous cliff-like sites furrowed by deep ravines worn by the winter rains. The principal ruins are — (1) The group immediately opposite Mosul, including the great mounds of Kouyunjik and Nebbi Yunus; (2) that near the junction of the Tigris and Zab comprising the mounds of Nimroud and Athur; (3) Khorsabad , about ten miles to the east of the former river; (4) Shereef Khan , about 5 1/2 miles to the north Kouyunjik; and (5) Selamiyah , three miles to the north of Nimroud. Discoveries. — The first traveller who carefully examined the supposed site of Nineveh was Mr. Rich formerly political agent for the East India Company at Bagdad; but his investigations were almost entirely confined to Kouyunjik and the surrounding mounds of which he made a survey in 1820. In 1843 M. Botta, the French consul at Mosul, fully explored the ruins. M. Botta's discoveries at Khorsabad were followed by those of Mr. Layard at Nimroud and Kouyunjik, made between the years 1846, 1850. (Since then very many and important discoveries have been made at Nineveh, more especially those by George Smith, of the British Museum. He has discovered not only the buildings, but the remains of fin ancient library written on stone tablets. These leaves or tablets were from an inch to 1 foot square, made of terra-cotta clay, on which when soft the inscriptions were written; the tablets were then hardened and placed upon the walls of the library rooms, so as to cover the walls. This royal library contained over 10,000 tablets. It was begun by Shalmaneser B.C. 860; his successors added to it, and Sardanapalus (B.C. 673) almost doubled it. Stories or subjects were begun on tablets, and continued on tablets of the same size sometimes to the number of one hundred. Some of the most interesting of these give accounts of the creation and of the deluge and all agree with or confirm the Bible. — ED.) Description of remains. — The Assyrian edifices were so nearly alike in general plan, construction an decoration that one description will suffice for all, They were built upon artificial mounds or platforms, varying in height, but generally from 30 to 50 feet above the level of the surrounding country, and solidly constructed of regular layers of sun-dried bricks, as at Nimroud, or consisting merely of earth and rubbish heaped up, as at Kouyunjik. This platform was probably faced with stone masonry, remains probable which were discovered at Nimroud, and broad flights of steps or inclined ways led up to its summit. Although only the general plan of the ground-floor can now be traced, it is evident that the palaces had several stories built of wood and sun-dried bricks, which, when the building was deserted and allowed to fall to decay, gradually buried the lower chambers with their ruins, and protected the sculptured slabs from the effects of the weather. The depth of soil and rubbish above the alabaster slabs varied from a few inches to about 20 feet. It is to this accumulation of rubbish above them that the bas-reliefs owe their extraordinary preservation. The portions of the edifices still remaining consist of halls, chambers and galleries, opening for the most part into large uncovered courts. The wall above the wainscoting of alabaster was plastered, and painted with figures and ornaments. The sculptured, with the exception of the human headed lions and bulls, were for the most part in low relief, The colossal figures usually represent the king, his attendants and the gods; the smaller sculptures, which either cover the whole face of the slab or are divided into two compartments by bands of inscriptions, represent battles sieges, the chase single combats with wild beasts, religious ceremonies, etc., etc. All refer to public or national events; the hunting-scenes evidently recording the prowess and personal valor of the king as the head of the people — "the mighty hunter before the Lord." The sculptures appear to have been painted, remains of color having been found on most of them. Thus decorated without and within, the Assyrian palaces must have displayed a barbaric magnificence, not, however, devoid of a certain grandeur and beauty which probably no ancient or modern edifice has exceeded. These great edifices, the depositories of the national records, appear to have been at the same time the abode of the king and the temple of the gods. Prophecies relating to Nineveh, and illustrations of the Old Testament . These are exclusively contained in the books of Nahum and Zephaniah. Nahum threatens the entire destruction of the city, so that it shall not rise again from its ruins. The city was to be partly destroyed by fire Nahum 3:13,16. The gateway in the northern wall of the Kouyunjik enclosure had been destroyed by fire as well as the palaces. The population was to be surprised when unprepared: "while they are drunk as drunkards they shall be devoured as stubble fully dry" Nahum 1:10 Diodorus states that the last and fatal assault was made when they were overcome with wine. The captivity of the inhabitants and their removal to distant provinces are predicted Nahum 3:18. The fullest and the most vivid and poetical picture of Nineveh's ruined and deserted condition is that given by Zephaniah, who probably lived to see its fall Zephaniah 2:13-15. Site of the city . — Much diversity of opinion exists as to the identification of the ruins which may be properly included within the site of ancient Nineveh. According to Sir H. Rawlinson and those who concur in his interpretation of the cuneiform characters, each group of mounds already mentioned represents a separate and distinct city. On the other hand it has been conjectured, with much probability, that these groups of mounds are not ruins of separate cities, but of fortified royal residences, each combining palaces, temples, propylaea, gardens and parks, and having its peculiar name; and that they all formed part of one great city built and added to at different periods, sad consisting of distinct quarters scattered over a very large and frequently very distant one from the other. Thus the city would be, as Layard says, in the form of a parallelogram 18 to 20 miles long by 12 to 14 wide; or, as Diodorus Siculus says, 55 miles in circumference. Writing and language . — The ruins of Nineveh have furnished a vast collection of inscriptions partly carved on marble or stone slabs and partly impressed upon bricks anti upon clay cylinders, or sixsided and eight-sided prisms, barrels and tablets, which, used for the purpose when still moist, were afterward baked in a furnace or kilo Ezekiel 4:4. The character employed was the arrow-headed or cuneiform —so called from each letter being formed by marks or elements resembling an arrow-head or a wedge. These inscribed bricks are of the greatest value in restoring the royal dynasties. The most important inscription hitherto discovered in connection with biblical history is that upon a pair of colossal human-headed bulls from Kouyunjik, now in the British Museum, containing the records of Sennacherib, and describing, among other events, his wars with Hezekiah. It is accompanied by a series of bas-reliefs believed to represent the siege and capture of Lachish. A list of nineteen or twenty kings can already be compiled, and the annals of the greater number of them will probably be restored to the lost history of one of the most powerful empires of the ancient world. and of one which appears to have exercised perhaps greater influence than any other upon the subsequent condition and development of civilized man. The people of Nineveh spoke a Shemitic dialect, connected with the Hebrew and with the so called Chaldee of the Books of Daniel and Ezra. This agrees with the testimony of the Old Testament.”.
Isaiah 37:38 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch (the great eagle) (nis-roke') his god, that Adrammelech (splendor of [the] king) (Ad-ram-meh'-lek) and Sharezer (prince of fire) (Shar-eh'-tser) his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia (land of Aram) (Ar-aw-rat'): and Esarhaddon (victor) (Ay-sar' chad-dohn') his son reigned in his stead. —> So, San-khay-reeb' returned home only to be murdered by his own two sons. Historically, it may have been better for him had he too been killed by Father there on the battlefield. But, anyway, he returns home and as he was in the house of his god nis-roke', his boys sneak up behind him and kill him with a sword and then flee to Armenia.
Worshipping his god=The Assyrians like many of the other peoples in the middle east were pagans, and as such, they worshiped many different gods. Nis-roke' is just one, we also know they worshiped dagon, which was part of the reason why Jonah was so successful when he first appeared to them. Of course, after getting them to listen to him, he then showed them the Salvation of Father YHVH, which many accepted.
Nisroch=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew number: H5268, - נסרך, - nisrôk, pronounced - nis-roke', and means: Of foreign origin; Nisrok, a Babylonian idol: - Nisroch., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ An idol of Nineveh, in whose temple Sennacherib was worshipping when assassinated by his sons, Adrammelech and Shizrezer II Kings 19:37; Isaiah 37:38. This idol is identified with the eagle-headed human figure, which is one of the most prominent on the earliest Assyrian monuments, and is always represented as contending with and conquering the lion or the bull.”
Adram-melech=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H152, - אדרמּלך, - 'Adrammelek, pronounced - Ad-ram-meh'-lek, and means: From H142 and H4428; splendor of (the) king; Adrammelek, the name of an Assyrian idol, also of a son of Sennacherib: - Adrammelech., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The name of an idol introduced into Samaria by the colonists from Sepharvaim II Kings 17:31. He was worshipped with rites resembling those of Molech, children being burnt in his honor. Adrammelech was probably the male power of the sun, and ANAMMELECH, who is mentioned with Adrammelech as a companion god, the female power of the sun.”.
Sharezer=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8272, - שׁראצר, - Shar'etser, pronounced - Shar-eh'-tser, and means: Of foreign derivation; Sharetser, the name of an Assyrian and an Israelite: - Sharezer., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Was a son of Sennacherib, whom, in conjunction with his brother Adrammelech, he murdered II Kings 19:38.”.
Armenia=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H780, - אררט, - 'Arâraṭ, pronounced - Ar-aw-rat', and means: Of foreign origin; Ararat (or rather Armenia): - Ararat, Armenia., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Armenia is nowhere mentioned under that name in the original Hebrew, though it occurs in the English version II Kings 19:38, for Ararat. Description. — Armenia is that lofty plateau whence the rivers Euphrates, Tigris, Araxes and Acampsis pour down their waters in different directions; the first two to the Persian Gulf, the last two respectively to the Caspian and Euxine seas. It may be termed the nucleus of the mountain system of western Asia. From the centre of the plateau rise two lofty chains of mountains, which run from east to west. Divisions. — Three districts are mentioned in the Bible. (1) ARARAT is mentioned as the place whither the sons of Sennacherib fled Isaiah 37:38. It was the central district, surrounding the mountain of that name. (2) MINNI only occurs in Jeremiah 51:27. It is probably identical with the district Minyas, in the upper valley of the Murad-subranch of the Euphrates. (3) TOGARMAH is noticed in two passages of Ezekiel 27:14; 38:6 both of which are in favor of its identity with Armenia. Present condition. — The Armenians, numbering about two millions, are nominally Christians. About half of them live in Armenia. — Their favorite pursuit is commerce. The country is divided, as to government, between Russia, Turkey and Persia. — ED.”.
Esar-haddon=first from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H634, - אסר־חדּון, - 'Esar-chaddôn, pronounced - Ay-sar' chad-dohn', and means: Of foreign derivation; Esarchaddon, an Assyrian king: - Esar-haddon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ One of the greatest of the kings of Assyria, was the son of Sennacherib II Kings 19:37, and the grandson of Sargon, who succeeded Shalmaneser. He appears by his monuments to have been one of the most powerful, if not the most powerful, of all the Assyrian monarchs. He is the only one of them whom we find to have actually reigned at Babylon, where he built himself a palace, bricks from which have been recently recovered bearing his name. His Babylonian reign lasted thirteen years, and it was doubtless within this space of time that Manasseh king of Judah, having been seized by his captains at Jerusalem on a charge of rebellion, was brought before him at Babylon II Chronicles 33:11, and detained for a time as prisoner there. As a builder of great works Esar-haddon is particularly distinguished. Besides his palace at Babylon, he built at least three others in different parts of his dominions, either for himself or his sons, and thirty temples.”.
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