|* II Kings 18
II Kings 17 was both a beautiful chapter in that we got to listen to our Creator explain to us in minute detail, why He chose—actually they chose for themselves, because of their own actions, just like during the final day of the Great White Throne Judgment, it will be our own actions which determine whether we receive rewards or the Lake of Fire—to send our forefathers of the House of Israel into captivity to the Assyrians; and it was also a sad chapter in that, we got to read of our forefathers being taken into captivity; and even though it is past history by roughly 2,500 years, it was still sad to read of their refusal to "right their ship" so to speak, and change courses in order to prevent happening what happened. Of course, we too today in this country, are not better as; we too are doing the exact same things which our forefathers were doing, orgies of homosexuality, molechism—only we call it abortion, and "a women's right"—turning our collective backs on and forsaking Father by serving other, false gods, idols and images, supplanting what our forefathers were doing with denominational dogmas, traditions of man, and other such things which are not pleasing to our Father.
Unfortunately for our Forefathers, they didn't have Father's Word to read and tell them where they were going wrong and how to correct; however, they did have the prophets and priests coming against what they were doing and should have heeded their corrective suggestions. For us, as Paul told us in I Corinthians 10:11, all things happened to our forefathers as ensamples for us, let's listen to Paul tell as; he can do so better than I: I Corinthians 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. -> As I said, our forefathers had the Prophets and Priests that Father sent to them to warn them, today we have Father's Word and should have pastors warning us to correct ourselves in order to prevent the same thing happening to us.
That is collectively as a Nation; however, as individuals, we can prevent personal judgment by "doing that which is right in Father's eyes," by following the examples of kings such as David, Asa, Jehoshaphat, and a few others, one of which we'll be reading of in this chapter of II Kings 18, where we get to watch as another righteous king, this one named Yekh-iz-kee-yaw'-hoo (Hezekiah), of the House of Judah, the only Nation of the House of Israel which remains as; the ten northern tribes are no more, shows us the proper way to conduct ourselves.
We're going to witness an engagement in this Chapter between Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's forces who are being besieged by Sennacherib's military forces; namely, General Rab-shaw-kay' who Sennacherib had bestowed with trying to talk Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's people into surrendering. The events in this Chapter are also recorded by Father's Prophet Isaiah, in the Book named after him, and we can read of his accounting in Isaiah 36.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: "Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen."
18:1-24:20 JUDAH. (Division.)
18:1-20:21 HEZEKIAH. (Introversion.)
18:1 Introduction. Accession.
II Kings 18:1 Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea (deliverer; or, salvation) (Ho-shay’-aw) son of Elah ( an oak, strength) (Ay-law’) king of Israel, that Hezekiah (strengthened of JAH; or, the might of YHVH) (Yekh-iz-kee-yaw'-hoo) the son of Ahaz (possessor) (Aw-khawz) king of Judah (celebrated) (Yeh-hoo-daw') began to reign. -> Though this verse sounds as though we are going back in time, it is actually just explaining to us the year that our king Yekh-iz-kee-yaw'-hoo came to power over the House of Judah, and as we're reading, that was during Ho-shay'-ah's third year, this then dates the year as 617 B.C.. Remember, Ho-shay'-ah only reigned for 9 years and it was during his sixth year that Father sent the king of Assyria against the House of Israel—the besiegement only lasted for 3 years before Israel fell—and took them into captivity. So, we're seeing that Ho-shay'-ah and Yekh-iz-kee-yaw'-hoo reigned over their respective Houses together for 6 years.
The third year of Hoshea=This can get a little confusing brethren as; if you'll recall, Ho-shay'-ah began his reign over the House of Israel during the twelfth year of king Aw-khawz's (Ahaz)—Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's father—reign over the House of Judah. This means that, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo began his reign during the fifteenth year of his father's reign; remember, Aw-khawz' reigned for a total of sixteen years, but was deposed of by Shalmaneser in II Kings 17:3,4 who set his son Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo up as king; then, as we're about to read in this chapter when we come to verse v18:7, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo is going to rebel against Shalmaneser; but, it does show that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo and the House of Judah was under the thumb of the king of Assyria until he does indeed rebel.
Hoshea=“The nineteenth, last and best king of Israel. He succeeded Pekah, whom he slew in a successful conspiracy, thereby fulfilling a prophecy of Isaiah Isaiah 7:17. In the third year of his reign Shalmaneser cruelly stormed the strong caves of Beth-arbel Hosea 8:14, and made cruel tributary II Kings 17:3, for three years. At the end of this period Hoshea entered into a secret alliance with So, king, of Egypt, to throw off the Assyrian yoke. The alliance did him no good; it was revealed, to the court of Nineveh by the Assyrian party in Ephraim, and Hoshea was immediately seized as a rebellious vasal, shut up in prison, and apparently treated with the utmost indignity Micah 5:1. Of the subsequent fortunes of Hoshea nothing is known.”.
Elah=“Father of Hoshea, the last king of Israel II Kings 15:30; 17:1.”.
Israel=The description of Israel in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Israel.
Hezekiah=“Twelfth king of Judah, son of the apostate Ahaz and Abi or Abijah, ascended the throne at the age of 25. Hezekiah was one of the three most perfect kings of Judah II Kings 18:5; Sirach 49:4. His first act was to purge and repair and reopen with splendid sacrifices and perfect ceremonial the temple. He also destroyed a brazen serpent, said to have been the one used by Moses in the miraculous healing of the Israelites Numbers 21:9, which had become an object of adoration. When the kingdom of Israel had fallen, Hezekiah invited the scattered inhabitants to a peculiar passover, which was continued for the unprecedented period of fourteen days II Chronicles 29:30,31. At the head of a repentant and united people, Hezekiah ventured to assume the aggressive against the Philistines and in a series of victories not only rewon the cities which his father had lost II Chronicles 28:18, but even dispossessed them of their own cities except Gaza II Kings 18:8, and Gath. He refused to acknowledge the supremacy of Assyria II Kings 18:7. Instant war was imminent and Hezekiah used every available means to strengthen himself II Kings 20:20. It was probably at this dangerous crisis in his kingdom that we find him sick and sending for Isaiah, who prophesies death as the result II Kings 20:1. Hezekiah's prayer for longer life is heard. The prophet had hardly left the palace when he was ordered to return and promise the king immediate recovery and fifteen years more of life II Kings 20:4. An embassy coming from Babylon ostensibly to compliment Hezekiah on his convalescence, but really to form an alliance between the two powers, is favorably received by the king, who shows them the treasures which he had accumulated. For this Isaiah foretells the punishment that shall befall his house II Kings 20:17. The two invasions of Sennacherib occupy the greater part of the scripture records concerning the reign of Hezekiah. The first of these took place in the third year of Sennacherib, and occupies only three verses II Kings 18:13-16. Respecting the commencement of the second invasion we have full details in II Kings 18:7 seq.; II Chronicles 32:9 seq.; Isaiah 36:1 ... Sennacherib sent against Jerusalem an army under two officers and his cupbearer, the orator Rabshakeh, with a blasphemous and insulting summons to surrender; but Isaiah assures the king he need not fear, promising to disperse the enemy II Kings 19:6,7. Accordingly that night "the angel of the Lord went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred fourscore and five thousand." Hezekiah only lived to enjoy for about one year more his well-earned peace and glory. He slept with his fathers after a reign of twenty-nine years, in the 56th year of his age.”.
Ahaz=“Eleventh king of Judah, son of Jotham, reigned about sixteen years. At the time of his accession, Rezin king of Damascus and Pekah king of Israel had recently formed a league against Judah, and they proceeded to lay siege to Jerusalem. Upon this Isaiah hastened to give advice and encouragement to Ahaz, and the allies failed in their attack on Jerusalem Isaiah 7; 8; 9. But, the allies inflicted a most severe injury on Judah by the capture of Elath, a flourishing port on the Red Sea, while the Philistines invaded the west and south II Kings 16; II Chronicles 28. Ahaz, having forfeited God's favor by his wickedness, sought deliverance from these numerous troubles by appealing to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, who forced him from his most formidable enemies. But Ahaz had to purchase this help at a costly price; he became tributary to Tiglath-pileser. He was weak, a gross idolater, and sought safety in heathen ceremonies, making his son pass through the fire to Molech, consulting wizards and necromancers Isaiah 8:19, and other idolatrous practices II Kings 23:12. His only service of permanent value was the introduction of the sun-dial. He died at the age of 36, but was refused a burial with the kings his ancestors II Chronicles 28:27.”.
Judah=“When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if not all, of the territory of Simeon I Samuel 27:6; I Kings 19:3, compare with Joshua 19:1 and of Dan II Chronicles 11:10, compare with Joshua 19:41,42. Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim II Chronicles 13:19; 15:8; 17:2. It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. -- The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years. History. -- The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance II Chronicles 16:7, prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David.”.
18:2 Introduction. Accession.
II Kings 18:2 Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace). His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah (YAH has remembered) (Zek-ar-yaw'-hoo). -> Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo took over the House of Judah when he was 25 in the year 617 B.C., and he reigned for 29 years which means that, he reigned until he was 54 in the year 588 B.C..
Abi=Here in II Kings 18 we read that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's mother's name is Abi; however, as we read in II Chronicles 29:1 we see there that she is named Abijah. The reason for the difference is because the "i" in the former, stands for the abbreviation of "YAH" in the later. In other words, Abi is just an abbreviated or condensed version of Abijah, with the YAH in her name for “YAH=Yah is Father YHVH—covenant role and title of Father ELOHIM — Creator of All things— in a special sense and relation. YHVH as having BECOME our Salvation (first occurrence is in Exodus 15:2), He Who IS, and WAS, and IS TO COME. It occurs 49 times (7 x 7. See Dr. Bullinger's Companion Bible Appendix 10). Compare Psalm 68:4,18.”.
Jerusalem=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3389, - ירוּשׁלם , or ירוּשׁלים , - Yerûshâlaim, or Yerûshâlayim pronounced - Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im, or Yer-oo-shaw-lah'-yim , and means: A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine: - Jerusalem.. The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.
Abi=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H21, - אבי, - 'ăbı̂y, pronounced - Ab-ee', and means: From H1; fatherly; Abi, Hezekiah’s mother: - Abi., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Mother of King Hezekiah II Kings 18:2, written ABIJAH in (II Chronicles 29:1).”.
Zachariah=“Son of Jeroboam II., fourteenth king of Israel, and the last of the house of Jehu. There is a difficulty about the date of his reign. Most chronologers assume an interregnum of eleven years between Jeroboam's death and Zachariah's accession. The latter event took place. His reign lasted only six months. He was killed in a conspiracy of which Shallum was the head, and by which the prophecy in II Kings 10:30 was accomplished.”.
18:3-7 Personal. Well-doing.
II Kings 18:3 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David ( loving; or, well-beloved) (Daw-veed’) his father did. -> Obviously David is not Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's father; though, he was his great-grandfather to the 14th generation. In other words, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo is in the seedline\bloodline of David; or, put another way, he is descended from David. It is also interesting to note that, 14 in Biblical numerics denotes “ Being a multiple of 7, 14 partakes of its importance and significance; and, being double that number, it implies a double measure of spiritual perfection. The number two with which it is combined (2x7) may; however, bring its own significance into its meaning, as it does in Matthew 1, where the genealogy of Jesus Christ is divided up and given in sets of 14 (2x7) generations, two being associated with incarnation. The same principle may be applied to other multiples of seven, and Bible students can find their own illustrations. How is the number fourteen linked with Jesus' ancestors? There are three sets of 14 generations between (and including Abraham to Joseph (husband of Mary). Abraham to Isaac, to Jacob, to Judah, to Perez, to Hezron, to Ram, to Amminadab, to Nahshon, to Salmon, to Boaz, to Obed, to Jesse, to King David, to Solomon, to Rehoboam, to Abijah, to Asa, to Jehoshaphat, to Joram, to Uzziah, to Jotham, to Ahaz, to Hezekiah, to Manasseh, to Amon, to Josiah (captivity), to Azor, to Zadok, to Achim, to Eliud, to Eleazar, to Matthan, to Jacob, to Joseph. "So all the generations from Abraham to David are FOURTEEN generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are FOURTEEN generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are FOURTEEN generations." (Matthew 1:1-17, KJV) The number 14 and the fear of the Lord. In Book of Proverbs the expression "the fear of the Lord" occurs 14 times: Proverbs 1:7,29; 2:5; 8:13; 9:10; 10:27; 14:26,27; 15:16,33; 16:6; 19:23; 22:4; and 23:17. Additional commentary on the Biblical Meaning of 14=The number 14 represents deliverance and\or salvation and is used twenty-two times in the Bible. The term "14th" is found 24 times in scriptures. The fourteenth day of the first month is the Passover, when God delivered the firstborn of Israel from death. Some 430 years earlier, on the night of the 14th day of the first month, God made two covenant promises to Abraham — one of the physical seed, Isaac, and his descendants, and one of the spiritual seed, Jesus Christ, and the sons of God who would come through Him, who would shine like the stars of heaven (Matthew 13:43). On the day portion of the 14th, God confirmed the promises with a special covenant sacrifice. "After these things the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision, saying, 'Do not be afraid, Abram. I am your shield, your exceedingly great reward.' But Abram said, 'Lord GOD, what will You give me, seeing I go childless, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?' . . . "And behold, the word of the Lord came to him, saying, 'This one shall not be your heir, but one who will come from your own body shall be your heir.' Then He brought him outside and said, 'Look now toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.' And He said to him, 'So shall your descendants be.' "Then He said to him, 'I am the Lord, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to inherit it.' And he said, 'Lord GOD, how shall I know that I will inherit it?' So He said to him, 'Bring Me a three-year-old heifer, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtledove, and a young pigeon. . . . ' " (Genesis 15:1-2; 4-5; 7-9 KJV). On the 14th day of the first month in 30 A.D. Jesus Christ, God manifested in the flesh, the only begotten Son of God the Father, and the Lamb of God to take away the sin of the world, was crucified as the perfect sacrifice to save mankind from sin. Jesus' death on Passover completed His ministry in the flesh. Seven represents completion - thus 7 + 7 = 14, indicating a double completion: Jesus' ministry in the flesh was completed. Jesus' sacrifice ended or fulfilled the need for animal sacrifices.”.
In any case, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, like David was a righteous king; yes, David sinned like we all do; however, David never worshiped any false gods, he only honored, served, and worshiped Father YHVH, as does, as we're reading here in this verse and we'll see throughout the chapter, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo. As a matter of fact Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo is so righteous and trusts in Father so much that, we'll read when we come to the next chapter II Kings 19, the beautiful prayer he offers up to Father asking for His assistance in removing the terrorizing reign of Sennacherib from off Judah. We'll also be reading of Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo reinstituting the Passover, and not only will he do so; but, it'll be one of the most celebrated Passovers—probably second only to Josiah's, which we'll read of when we come to II Kings 23—ever held and celebrated.
David=The description of David in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: David.
II Kings 18:4 He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses (Drawing out [of the water], that is, rescued) (mo-sheh') had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan (a thing of brass) (nekh-oosh-tawn'). -> Again, we see that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo is so righteous that, he not only went so far as his great, great, great, great, great, great great-grandfather Asa in breaking up the high places and cutting down the groves; but, he even went a step further by breaking the 835 year old brasen serpent which Moses had made after Father had sent fiery serpents after the people because of their murmuring against Him. Father told Moses to make the brasen serpent and set it up on a pole, and whoever had been bitten by one of the fiery serpents, only had to look up to this brasen serpent on a pole, and they would be saved. This of course was symbolic in that we today have Jesus—Father in the Flesh—to look to on the Cross for our Salvation, whereas; as, Father had not yet become Flesh at this time, He gave our forefathers a means of Salvation as well: this brass serpent. You may wonder why He chose a "serpent" for their Salvation when His and our adversary is satan, a man who appeared in the Garden of Eden in the role of the serpent, when he beguiled Eve. We have to understand the two different aspects of this: (1) the brasen serpent that Father used in Numbers 21 for the people to look up to and upon for their Salvation, was symbolic in that we must take the word back to its Hebrew origin. The brasen serpent that Father had Moses make, when looked up in the Strong's Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8314, - שׂרף, - śârâph, pronounced - saw-rawf', and means: From H8313; burning, that is, (figuratively) poisonous (serpent); specifically a saraph or symbolical creature (from their copper color): - fiery (serpent), seraph.; so, we see that this was a symbolic creature and represented one of Father’s seraphim, not a snake or serpent. The seraphim are so called in Isaiah 6:2 because, they were the "burning ones": hence the name for these "fiery serpents." In the same way that satan in his role of the nacash—the serpent—in Genesis 3, Hebrew word number: H5175, - נחשׁ, - nâchâsh, pronounced - naw-khawsh', and means: From H5172; a snake (from its hiss): - serpent., "shining one," is also used for serpents, because they are "shining ones" in appearance. Notice the Strong's notes that H5175 is derived from H5172; so, taking H5175 backward toward H5172,—its Prime root—we first come to H5174, and we find that, in the Strong's Concordance it is: H5174, - נחשׁ, - nechâsh, pronounced - nekh-awsh', and means: (of Chaldee origin); corresponding to H5154; copper: - brass. H5173, - נחשׁ, - nachash, pronounced - nakh'-ash , and means: From H5172; an incantation or augury: - enchantment.; here, we see that it is someone who uses enchantments, divinations, omens, or whatnot to get what they want, and now: H5172, - נחשׁ, - nâchash, pronounced - naw-khash', and means: A primitive root; properly to hiss, that is, whisper a (magic) spell; generally to prognosticate: - X certainly, divine, enchanter, (use) X enchantment, learn by experience, X indeed, diligently observe., satan wasn’t a "snake or ‘serpent’ " in the Garden of Eden, he was in his spiritual body, and he beguiled (H5377, - נשׁא, - nâshâ', pronounced - naw-shaw', and means: A primitive root; to lead astray, that is, (mentally) to delude, or (morally) to seduce: - beguile, deceive, X greatly, X utterly., how did Paul say it in the New Testament? II Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ. [11:3] But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ. -> Beguiled here in the Greek, in the Strong’s Concordance is Greek word number: G1818, - ἐξαπατάω, - exapataō, pronounced - ex-ap-at-ah'-o, and means: From G1537 and G538; to seduce wholly: - beguile, deceive.; so, we see in both the Hebrew and the Greek, the word beguiled means to seduce, which is what satan did to Eve in the Garden, just as the fallen angels beguiled and lay with flesh women in Genesis 6, and their offspring were the Giants: gibbor, i.e. Goliath of "David and Goliath," Og and others. For satan and Eve, it was Cain, the first murderer.
But, I digress; what I was trying to point out and show was that, the "brasen serpent" as used here in this verse in the Hebrew is nachash, a shining thing of brass, and thus, nachash is synonymous with saraph, and that both words are used of serpent(s); hence Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's use of the word "nehushtan" which in the Strong's Concordance is Hebrew word number: H5180 "the copper serpent of the desert".
Moses=The Israelitish lawgiver. The description of Moses in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Moses.
Nehushtan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5180, - נחשׁתּן, - nechûshtân, pronounced - nekh-oosh-tawn', and means: From H5178; something made of copper, that is, the copper serpent of the Desert: - Nehushtan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ The name by which the brazen serpent made by Moses in the wilderness Numbers 21:9, was worshipped in the time of Hezekiah II Kings 18:4. It is evident that our translators by their rendering "and he called it Nehushtan" understood that the subject of the sentence is Hezekiah and that when he destroyed the brazen serpent he gave it the name Nehushtan "a brazen thing" in token of his utter contempt. But it is better to understand the Hebrew as referring to the name by which the serpent was generally known, the subject of the verb being indefinite — "and one called it 'Nehushtan.'"”.
II Kings 18:5 He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him. -> What a powerful, powerful, statement! Hezekiah was a good man, he was honest and righteous before Father; and therefore, Father could trust him for; his mind was tuned to the ways of Father YHVH. Hezekiah trusted Father that He would keep His Word in all matters. And as such, no other king, not even David, trusted in, or had more confidence in Father as Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, though, there will be a few who come after Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo who come close.
What about you brethren, do you? Yes, we all like to say, "I love and trust God;" but, when the chips are down, do you actually trust Him to see you through the situation you find yourself in? Which are you, do you try to force Father to conform to your ways; or, are you willing to trust and conform your ways to Father's ways? When Father told Hezekiah, "you follow My ways, and I will take care of your enemies," Hezekiah believed Him. Christianity is not just a religion, but it is a reality, it is our way of life. You can trust Father, and it is called faith. That is the way that Christians are to walk, by faith. Know that where your abilities end, that is where Father's abilities begin.
II Kings 18:6 For he clave to the LORD, and departed not from following Him, but kept His commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses. -> We read in II Chronicles 29:3, followed up and supported by verse v29:17; that, during the first year, on the first day of the first month of the year, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo opened the doors of Father's Temple which had been closed by his father Aw-khawz (Ahaz) many years before.
He brought in the priests and the Levites, gathered them together in the East part of the Gate and then sanctified the Priests—remember, all the Priests were supposed to be Levites, though not all Levites were Priests, and I say “were supposed to be;” because, remember also, as far back as to the days of Joshua and the elders, they had moved the nethinims in with the Priests to be the “hewers of wood and drawers of water for the altar—thus bringing about a reformation within the House of Judah. Remember also brethren, any reformation must begin with the Priests, and in the ministry. It took them a total of 8 days to cleanse Father's Temple of all the filth which was in it from Aw-khawz', 8 days, 8 in Biblical Numerics denoting: New Beginnings.
And=This “and” is contained in some of the Codices along with two of the early printed editions: the Syriac and the Vulgate. The Polysyndeton emphasizing the synonymia, by which the phrases are heaped up to express Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo’s goodness.
18:7-19:37 Events. Political.
18:7-19:37 EVENTS. POLITICAL. (Introversion.)
18:7 Assyria. Hezekiah’s rebellion.
II Kings 18:7 And the LORD was with him; and he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria ([in the sense of successful]) (Ash-shoor’), and served him not. -> This verse leaves out a very large amount of information which is in the Book of the Chronicles; where, as we read there, encompasses 3 whole Chapters i.e., II Chronicles 29 through 31, and then even into parts of II Chronicles 32. What is covered there; but, not here, is the reformation and cleansing of Father’s Temple, and the Beautiful Passover Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo had re-instituted. He did such a superb job that Sennacherib decided he wanted part of the cleaned up territories of Judah. Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo, who had up to this point in his reign, had been under the thumb of Assyria, though they had not been bothering with Judah as; Judah had been paying tribute to the Assyrian king to this point, decided he no longer wanted to pay tribute; therefore, he sought Father’s counsel and guidance, Praying to Him for His assistance in this Matter. Father gave him His reply to his Prayer through His Prophet Isaiah, telling him to be not afraid of the king of Assyria as; Father would defend and protect His city Jerusalem for David's sake and the Promise He had made to David; therefore, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo stopped paying tribute, which caused Sennacherib to come and encamp against Jerusalem and besieged it.
Assyria=“ was a great and powerful country lying on the Tigris Genesis 2:14, the capital of which was Nineveh Genesis 10:11. It derived its name apparently from Asshur, the son of Shem Genesis 10:22, who in later times was worshipped by the Assyrians as their chief god. Extent. — The boundaries of Assyria differed greatly at different periods, Probably in the earliest times it was confined to a small tract of low country lying chiefly on the left bank of the Tigris. Gradually its limits were extended, until it came to be regarded as comprising the whole region between the Armenian mountains (lat. 37 30') upon the north, and upon the south the country about Baghdad (lat. 33 30'). Eastward its boundary was the high range of Zagros, or mountains of Kurdistan; westward it was, according to the views of some, bounded by the Mesopotamian desert, while according to others it reached the Euphrates.General character of the country. — On the north and east the high mountain-chains of Armenia and Kurdistan are succeeded by low ranges of limestone hills of a somewhat arid aspect. To these ridges there succeeds at first an undulating zone of country, well watered and fairly productive, which extends in length for 250 miles, and is interrupted only by a single limestone range. Above and below this barrier is an immense level tract, now for the most part a wilderness, which bears marks of having been in early times well cultivated and thickly peopled throughout. Original peopling. — Scripture informs us that Assyria was peopled from Babylon Genesis 10:11, and both classical tradition and the monuments of the country agree in this representation. Date of the foundation of the kingdom. — As a country, Assyria was evidently known to Moses Genesis 2:14; 25:18; Numbers 24:22,24. The foundation of the Assyrian empire was probably not very greatly anterior to B.C. 1228. History. — The Mesopotamian researches have rendered it apparent that the original seat of government was not at Nineveh, but at Kileh-Sherghat, on the right bank of the Tigris. The most remarkable monarch of the earlier kings was called Tiglath-pileser. He appears to have been king towards the close of the twelfth century, and thus to have been contemporary with Samuel. Afterwards followed Pul, who invaded Israel in the reign of Menahem II Kings 15:29, and Shalmaneser who besieged Samaria three years, and destroyed the kingdom of Israel, himself or by his successor Sargon, who usurped the throne at that time. Under Sargon the empire was as great as at any former era, and Nineveh became a most beautiful city. Sargon's son Sennacherib became the most famous of the Assyrian kings. He began to reign. He invaded the kingdom of Judea in the reign of Hezekiah. He was followed by Esarhaddon, and he by a noted warrior and builder, Sardanapalus. In Scripture it is remarkable that we hear nothing of Assyria after the reign of Esarhaddon, and profane history is equally silent until the attacks began which brought about her downfall. The fall of Assyria, long previously prophesied by Isaiah Isaiah 10:5-19, was effected by the growing strength and boldness of the Medes, about 625 B.C. The prophecies of Nahum and Zephaniah Zephaniah 2:13-15 against Assyria were probably delivered shortly before the catastrophe. General character of the empire. — The Assyrian monarchs bore sway over a number of petty kings through the entire extent of their dominions. These native princes were feudatories of the great monarch, of whom they held their crown by the double tenure of homage and tribute. It is not quite certain how far Assyria required a religious conformity from the subject people. Her religion was a gross and complex polytheism, comprising the worship of thirteen principal and numerous minor divinities, at the head of all of whom stood the chief god, Asshur, who seems to be the deified patriarch of the nation Genesis 10:22. Civilization of the Assyrians. — The civilization of the Assyrians was derived originally from the Babylonians. They were a Shemitic race originally resident in Babylonia (which at that time was Cushite) and thus acquainted with the Babylonian inventions and discoveries, who ascended the valley of the Tigris and established in the tract immediately below the Armenian mountains a separate and distinct nationality. Still, as their civilization developed it became in many respects peculiar. Their art is of home growth. But they were still in the most important points barbarians. Their government was rude and inartificial, their religion coarse and sensual, and their conduct of war cruel. Modern discoveries in Assyria. — (Much interest has been excited in reference to Assyria by the discoveries lately made there, which confirm and illustrate the Bible. The most important of them is the finding of the stone tablets or books which formed the great library at Nineveh, founded by Shalmaneser, but embodying tablets written 2000 years B.C. This library was more than doubled by Sardanapalus. These tablets were broken into fragments, but many of them have been put together and deciphered by the late Mr. George Smith, of the British Museum. All these discoveries of things hidden for ages, but now come to light, confirm the Bible. — ED.)”.
18:8 Philistines. Smitten.
II Kings 18:8 He smote the Philistines (immigrants), even unto Gaza, and the borders thereof, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city. -> This had been prophesied by Isaiah in the Book named after him: Isaiah 14:28 In the year that king Ahaz died was this burden. -> This is the prophesy that Father gave Isaiah concerning what would befall the Philistines by Aw-khawz’s son Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo during his first year of reign over the House of Judah. He would attack the Philistines and they would fall to him. [14:29] Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of the serpent's root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent. -> Father was warning the Philistines that they should not rejoice at the death of Aw-khawz due to what his son would soon do to them. [14:30] And the firstborn of the poor shall feed, and the needy shall lie down in safety: and I will kill thy root with famine, and he shall slay thy remnant. -> First born of the poor=The poorest of the poor, this is a Hebrew idiom and means that safety is coming to Israel. It is looking forward to when Jesus comes, obviously not during His First Advent; but, during His Second Advent when He comes in as LORD of lords and KING of kings. [14:31] Howl, O gate; cry, O city; thou, whole Palestina, art dissolved: for there shall come from the north a smoke, and none shall be alone in his appointed times. -> O gate…O city=This is a figure of speech which means that it encompasses all the people within, and what Father is saying is when Jesus returns, all those who do not worship Him will be cut-off. Of course, don’t forget, we have the Millennium to teach\discipline all those who were deceived by satan, then after the 1,000 years are ended, satan will be loosed again to deceive those who will be again deceived and then he and they will be thrown into the Lake of Fire. [14:32] What shall one then answer the messengers of the nation? That the LORD hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it. -> What report shall the ambassadors or messengers take back? Prepare for the day of the LORD.
Philistines=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H6430, - פּלשׁתּי, - pelishtı̂y, pronounced - pelishtı̂y, and means: Patrial from H6429; a Pelishtite or inhabitant of Pelesheth: - Philistine., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of the Philistines in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Philistines.
Gaza =First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5804, - עזּה, - ‛azzâh, pronounced - az-zaw', and means: Feminine of H5794; strong; Azzah, a place in Palestine: - Azzah, Gaza., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the five chief cities of the Philistines. It is remarkable for its continuous existence and importance from the very earliest times. The secret of this unbroken history is to be found in the situation of Gaza. It is the last town in the southwest of Palestine, on the frontier towards Egypt. The same peculiarity of situation has made Gaza important in a military sense. Its name means "the strong;" and this was well elucidated in its siege by Alexander the Great, which lasted five months. In the conquest of Joshua the territory of Gaza is mentioned as one which he was not able to subdue Joshua 10:41; 11:22; 13:3. It was assigned to the tribe of Judah Joshua 15:47, and that tribe did obtain possession of it Judges 1:18, but did not hold it long Judges 3:3; 13:1, and apparently it continued through the time of Samuel, Saul and David to be a Philistine city I Samuel 6:17; 14:52; 31:1; II Samuel 21:15. Solomon became master of "Azzah" I Kings 4:24, but in after times the same trouble with the Philistines recurred II Chronicles 21:16; 26:6; 28:18. The passage where Gaza is mentioned in the New Testament Acts 8:26 is full of interest. It is the account of the baptism of the Ethiopian eunuch on his return from Jerusalem to Egypt. Gaza is the modern Ghuzzeh , a Mohammedan town of about 16,000 inhabitants, situated partly on an oblong hill of moderate height and partly on the lower ground. The climate of the place is almost tropical, but it has deep wells of excellent water. There are a few palm trees in the town, and its fruit orchards are very productive; but the chief feature of the neighborhood is the wide-spread olive grove to the north and northeast.”.
18:9-19:37 Assyria. Shalamaneser’s invasions.
18:9-19:37 ASSYRIA. SHALMANESER’S INVASIONS. (Division.)
18:9-12 Invasions of Israel (Shalmaneser).
II Kings 18:9 And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser (fire worshipper) (shal-man-eh'-ser) king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it. -> Again, this is looking back to when Father had sent Shal-man-eh'-ser against the House of Israel and they went into their captivity, it took three years for the city to fall—613-611 B.C.—Ho-shay-ah had enlisted the aid of the King of Egypt whose name was So; however, even with the assistance of the Egyptians—which probably angered Father even more, as He had brought their forefathers out of captivity to the Egyptians and told them that they should never return to Egypt—they could not overcome Father's tool to take them into captivity.
Shalmaneser=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8022, - שׁלמנאסר, - Shalman'eser, pronounced - Shal-man-eh'-ser, and means: Of foreign derivation; Shalmaneser, an Assyrian king: - Shalmaneser. Compare H8020., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Was the Assyrian king who reigned probably between Tiglath-Pileser and Sargon. He led the forces of Assyria into Palestine, where Hoshea, the last king of Israel, had revolted against his authority II Kings 17:3. Hoshea submitted and consented to pay tribute; but he soon after concluded all alliance with the king of Egypt, and withheld his tribute in consequence. 723Shalmaneser invaded Palestine for the second time, and, as Hoshea refused to submit, laid siege to Samaria. The siege lasted to the third year when the Assyrian arms prevailed II Kings 17:4-6; II Kings 18:9-11. It is uncertain whether Shalmaneser conducted the siege to its close, or whether he did not lose his crown to Sargon before the city was taken.”.
II Kings 18:10 And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria (watch mountain; or, watch station) was taken. -> Remember, this siege started under the hand of Shal-man-eh'-ser though, he died sometime during the siege and his son Sargon completed the task of taking the House of Israel into captivity. Sargon removed the people by tribes, or clans, moving them off their territories and moving his people in, one-by-one until all the territories of the House of Israel was filled with Assyrians and other people under the thumb of the Assyrian king. Once the House of Israel fell, they continued on, coming against Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo and the House of Judah.
Samaria=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8111, - שׁמרון, - Shômerôn, pronounced - Sho-mer-one', and means: From the active participle of H8104; watch station; Shomeron, a place in Palestine: - Samaria., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “This city is situated 30 miles north of Jerusalem and about six miles to the northwest of Shechem, in a wide basin-shaped valley, six miles in diameter, encircled with high hills, almost on the edge of the great plain which borders upon the Mediterranean. In the centre of this basin, which is on a lower level than the valley of Shechem, rises a less elevated hill, with steep yet accessible sides and a long fiat top. This hill was chosen by Omri as the site of the capital of the kingdom of Israel. He "bought the hill of Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of the owner of the hill, Samaria" I Kings 16:23,24. From the time of Omri's purchase, Samaria retained its dignity as the capital of the ten tribes, and the name is given to the northern kingdom as well as to the city. Ahab built a temple to Baal there I kings 16:32,33. It was twice besieged by the Syrians, I kings 20:1, II Kings 6:24-27; II Kings 6:20, but on both occasions the siege was ineffectual. The possessor of Samaria was considered facto king of Israel II Kings 15:13, 14. Samaria was taken after a siege of three years, by Shalmaneser king of Assyria II Kings 18:9, 10, and the kingdom of the ten tribes was put an end to. Some years afterward the district of which Samaria was the centre was repeopled by Esarhaddon. Alexander the Great took the city, killed a large portion of the inhabitants, and suffered the remainder to set it at Shechem. He replaced them by a colony of Syro-Macedonians who occupied the city until the time of John Hyrcanus, who took it after a year's siege, and did his best to demolish it entirely. It was rebuilt and greatly embellished by Herod the Great. He called it Sebaste=Augusta, after the name of his patron, Augustus Caesar. The wall around it was 2 1/2 miles long, and in the centre of the city was a park 900 feet square containing a magnificent temple dedicated to Caesar. In the New Testament the city itself does not appear to be mentioned; but rather a portion of the district to which, even in older times it had extended its name Matthew 10:5; John 4:4,5. At this clay the city is represented by a small village retaining few vestiges of the past except its name, Sebustiyeh, an Arabic corruption of Sebaste. Some architectural remains it has, partly of Christian construction or adaptation, as the ruined church of St. John the Baptist, partly, perhaps, traces of Idumaean magnificence, St. Jerome, whose acquaintance with Palestine imparts a sort of probability to the tradition which prevailed so strongly in later days, asserts that Sebaste, which he invariably identifies with Samaria was the place in which St. John the Baptist was imprisoned and suffered death. He also makes it the burial-place of the prophets Elisha and Obadiah.”.
II Kings 18:11 And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah (khal-akh') and in Habor (beautiful banks) by the river of Gozan (Go-zawn’), and in the cities of the Medes (middle land) (Maw-dah'ee): -> Again, this was all discussed and covered in II Kings 17 where we read that when Sargon moved his people in, they had not “brought their gods, they had to go back and get them and were then worshiping their own gods, because of it, Father sent lions after them so, they sent for a priest of the Israelites,—this probably was a nethinim—who tried to show them how serve Father YHVH, the idols and images the Israelites were serving, and their gods too.
Halah= H2477, - חלח, - chălach, pronounced - khal-akh', and means: Probably of foreign origin; Chalach, a region of Assyria: - Halah.. “Is probably a different place from the Calah of Genesis 10:11. It may be identified with the Chalcitis of Ptolemy.”.
Habor=H2249, - חבור, - châbôr, pronounced - khaw-bore', and means: From H2266; united; Chabor, a river of Assyria: - Habor.. “The "river of Gozan" II Kings 17:6 and II Kings 18:11. Is identified beyond all reasonable doubt with the famous affluent of the Euphrates, which is called Aborrhas and Chaboras by ancient writers, and now Khabour.”.
Gozan=H1470, - גּוזן, - gôzân, pronounced - go-zawn', and means: Probably from H1468; a quarry (as a place of cutting stones); Gozan, a province of Assyria: - Gozan.. “Seems in the Authorized Version of I Chronicles 5:26 to be the name of a river, but in II Kings 17:6 and II Kings 18:11 it is evidently applied not to a river but a country. Gozan was the tract to which the Israelites were carried away captive by Pul, Tiglathpileser and Shalmaneser, or possibly Sargon. It is probably identical with the Gauzanitis of Ptolemy, and I may be regarded as represented by the Mygdonia of other writers. It was the tract watered by the Habor, the modern Khabour, the great Mesopotamian affluent of the Euphrates.”.
Medes=H4074, - מדי, - mâday, pronounced - maw-dah'ee, and means: Of foreign derivation; Madai, a country of central Asia: - Madai, Medes, Media.. “ Media lay northwest of Persia proper, south and southwest of the Caspian Sea, east of Armenia and Assyria, west and northwest of the great salt desert of Iran. Its greatest length was from north to south, and in this direction it extended from the 32d to the 40th parallel, a distance of 550 miles. In width it reached front about long. 45 degrees to 53 degrees; but its average breadth was not more than from 250 to 300 miles. The division of Media commonly recognized by the Greeks and Romans was that into Media Magna and Media Atropatene. — (1) Media Atropatene corresponded nearly to the modern Azerbijan , being the tract situated between the Caspian and the mountains which run north from Zagros. — (2) Media Magna lay south and east of Atropatene. It contained great part of Kurdistan andLuristan , with all Ardelan and Arak Ajemi . It is indicative of the division that there were two Ecbatanas, respectively the capitals of the two districts. The Medes were a nation of very high antiquity; we find a notice of them in the primitive Babylonian history of Berosus, who says that the Medes conquered Babylon at a very remote period (cir. B.C. 2458), and that eight Median monarchs reigned there consecutively, over a space of 224 years. The deepest obscurity hangs, however, over the whole history of the Medes from the time of their bearing sway in Babylonia, B.C. 2458-2234, to their first appearance in the cuneiform inscriptions among the enemies of Assyria, about B.C. 880. Near the middle of the seventh century B.C. the Median kingdom was consolidated, and became formidable to its neighbors; but previous to this time it was not under the dominion of a single powerful monarch, but was ruled by a vast number of petty chieftains. Cyaxares, the third Median monarch, took Nineveh and conquered Assyria B.C. 625. The limits of the Median empire cannot be definitely fixed. From north to south it was certainly confined between the Persian Gulf and the Euphrates on the one side, the Black and Caspian Seas on the other. From east to west it had, however, a wide expansion, since it reached from the Halys at least as far as the Caspian Gates, and possible farther. It was separated from Babylonia either by the Tigris or more probably by a line running about halfway between that river and the Euphrates. Its greatest length may be reckoned at 1500 miles from northwest to southeast, and its average breadth at 400 or 450 miles. Its area would thus be about 600,000 square miles, or somewhat greater than that of modern Persia. Of all the ancient Oriental monarchies the Median was the shortest in duration. It was overthrown by the Persians under Cyrus, B.C. 558, who captured its king, Astyages. The treatment of the Medes by the victorious Persians was not that of an ordinary conquered nation. Medes were appointed to stations of high honor and importance under Cyrus and his successors. The two nations seem blended into one, and we often find reference to this kingdom as that of the "Medes and Persians" Daniel 5:28; 6:8,12,15. The references to the Medes in the canonical Scriptures are not very numerous, but they are striking. We first hear of certain "cities of the Medes," in which the captive Israelites were placed by "the king of Assyria" on the destruction of Samaria II Kings 17:6; 18:12. Soon afterward Isaiah prophesies the part which the Medes shall take in the destruction of Babylon Isaiah 13:17; 21:2, which is again still more distinctly declared by Jeremiah Jeremiah 51:11,28, who sufficiently indicates the independence of Media in his day Jeremiah 25:25. Daniel relates the fact of the Medo-Persia conquest Daniel 5:25,31, giving an account of the reign of Darius the Mede, who appears to have been made viceroy by Cyrus Daniel 6:1-58. In Ezra we have a mention of Achmetha (Ecbatana), "the palace in the province of the Medes," where the decree of Cyrus was found Ezra 6:2-5, — a notice which accords with the known facts that the Median capital was the seat of government under Cyrus, but a royal residence only, and not the seat of government, under Darius Hystaspis. Finally, in Esther the high rank of Media under the Persian kings, yet at the same time its subordinate position, is marked by the frequent composition of the two names in phrases of honor, the precedence being in every ease assigned to the Persians.”.
II Kings 18:12 Because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed His covenant, and all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded, and would not hear them, nor do them. -> Prior to Father sending the Assyrians in to take them into captivity, He had first sent His Prophets to them pleading with them to hear and obey Him, to honor, serve, and worship Him only; however, they would not listen as; they enjoyed too much doing things their way, worshiping their idols and images and holding their orgies up in the groves.
They broke His heart; much as the whole world is doing today; though, it's about to get worse because He is sending the Assyrian—satan, in his role of the pretend-to-be-jesus—again here shortly, and this time the whole world will whore after him, the whole world will fail the test that He is administering to see just who has read His book of Instructions detailing how it shall be at the end of this Age, and what shall befall us. Have you read and Studied His Word to know what shall come to pass, the order of events?
18:13-19:37 Invasions of Judah (Sennacherib).
18:13-19:37 INVASIONS OF JUDAH. (Division.)
18:13-16 First invasion.
II Kings 18:13 Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib (San-khay-reeb') king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them. -> Fourteenth year=We are now—at least for Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo’s day—present, or current day, thus as we read here, we're in Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo’s fourteenth year, and this campaign against Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo and the House of Judah began 8 years after the fall of the House of Israel and their being taken into captivity. A lot has happened in the past eleven years as; if you’ll recall, it was Shal-man-eh'-ser who began the besiegement against the House of Israel, which only lasted three years, and even with the besiegement only lasting three years, Shal-man-eh'-ser didn’t finish that campaign, his son Sargon had, and now eight years later, we’re reading of Sargon’s son and successor San-khay-reeb' (Sennacherib) coming against the House of Judah.
When the House of Israel had gone into captivity, the people of the House of Judah had just sat back and watched as the Assyrians hauled their brothers away as; for them, everything was going well with Judah. To this point in time, Judah had been buying its freedom year-by-year by sending mule trains loads of gold and silver to Assyria. Of course, had all the kings between David and now Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo been obedient to Father and did things His way, they wouldn't be in the predicament they're currently finding themselves in, i.e., paying for their freedoms.
…Come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them=This is pretty plain and direct, and it’s looking bad for Hezekiah and the House of Judah; however, remember what Father told Yekh-iz-zee-?yaw'-hoo? You do things My way, i.e., be hearers and doers of My Word, and I will take care of all your enemies for you? Well that is about to come to pass as; Father is going to live up to, and keep His Promise, just as He always does! But, before Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo Prays to Father and before Father does come to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's rescue, we first have to understand just how bad Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo had allowed it to get before he did indeed actually cry out to and call upon Father, and for that, we're going to turn to an important historical document which Dr. Bullinger was fortunate enough to be able to include in his Companion Bible (Appendix 67) from, and I'll allow him to explain it here: "This is not mentioned in Scripture; but Sennacherib has written it down for us, and it may be read to-day in the British Museum in London, on a hexagonal cylinder of this very Sennacherib, King of Assyria (607-583 B.C.). (*4) By the kind permission of the Oxford University Press, we are privileged to give a reproduction of a photograph of this cylinder. It is "one of the finest and most perfect objects of its class and kind ever discovered, and its importance as an historical document can hardly be overrated. It contains four hundred and eighty-seven lines of closely written by legible cuneiform text, inscribed in the Eponymy of Belimuranni, prefect of Karkemish." The text records eight expeditions of Sennacherib. Among them is his description of this very siege of Jerusalem in the reign of Hezekiah. By the same kind permission we are enabled to give a photographic facsimile of that portion of the cylinder, beginning with the eleventh line of the central column, which is shown in the illustration.," and what we read there, is that, Sennacherib had captured “46 fenced cities and strong holds, and smaller cities which were round about them, and which were without number, by the battering of rams, and the attack of engines, and by the assaults of foot soldiers, I besieged, I captured 200,100 people great and small, male and female, horses, mules, and asses, and camels, and men, and sheep innumerable from their midst I brought out, and I reckoned [them] as spoil. [Hezekiah] himself like a caged bird within Jerusalem, his royal city, I shut in.”.
Sennacherib=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5576, - סנחריב, - Sanchêrı̂yb, pronounced - San-khay-reeb', and means: Of foreign origin; Sancherib, an Assyrian king: - Sennacherib., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Was the son and successor of Sargon [SARGON]. His name in the original is read as Tsinakki-irib , the meaning of which, as given above indicates that he was not the first-born of his father. Sennacherib mounted the throne. His efforts were directed to crushing the revolt of Babylonia, which he invaded with a large army. Merodach-baladan ventured on a battle, but was defeated and driven from the country. In his third year, Sennacherib turned his arms toward the west, chastised Sidon, and, having probably concluded a convention with his chief enemy finally marched against Hezekiah, king of Judah. It was at this time that "Sennacherib came up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them" II Kings 18:13. There can be no doubt that the record which he has left of his campaign against "Hiskiah" in his third year is the war with Hezekiah so briefly touched in verses v13-16 of this chapter. In the following year Sennacherib made his second expedition into Palestine. Hezekiah had again revolted, and claimed the protection of Egypt. Sennacherib therefore attacked Egypt, and from his camp at Lachish and Libnah he sent an insulting letter to Hezekiah at Jerusalem. In answer to Hezekiah's prayer an event occurred which relieved both Egypt and Judea from their danger. In one night the Assyrians lost, either by a pestilence or by some more awful manifestation of divine power, 185,000 men! The camp immediately broke up; the king fled. Sennacherib reached his capital in safety, and was not deterred by the terrible disaster which had befallen his arms from engaging in other wars, though he seems thenceforward to have carefully avoided Palestine. Sennacherib reigned 22 years and was succeeded by Esar-haddon. Sennacherib was one of the most magnificent of the Assyrian kings. Seems to have been the first who fixed the seat of government permanently at Nineveh, which he carefully repaired and adorned with splendid buildings. His greatest work is the grand palace Kouyunjik. Of the death of Sennacherib nothing is known beyond the brief statement of Scripture that "as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword and escaped into the land of Armenia" II Kings 18:19-37; Isaiah 37:38.”.
II Kings 18:14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish (invincible) (Law-keesh’), saying, “I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear.” And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold. -> San-khay-reeb' was in Lachish which was to the south of Jerusalem and Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo had sent messengers down to him trying to beg forgiveness, saying more or less, "I know I have offended you by my stopping paying the yearly tribute monies, I will again pay if you'll just call off this besiegement." San-khay-reeb' agreed, so long as Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo ponied up 300 talents of silver and 30 talents of gold year-by-year.
Three hundred talents=The Assyrian inscriptions record 800, which is the exact equivalent of 300 Hebrew talents of silver. Let's look at how much Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo was giving away here, if you'll recall, 1 talent is equal to between 110-180 pounds; so, that means that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo agreed to give Sennacherib as a minimum, 33,000 pounds and upwards to 54,000 pounds of silver, and between 3,300 and 5,400 pounds of gold every year. I fail to understand how the most righteous king, one who was more righteous than even David, could agree to this without calling on Father.
Lachish=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3923, - לכישׁ, - Lâkı̂ysh, pronounced - Law-keesh', and means: From an unused root of uncertain meaning; Lakish, a place in Palestine: - Lachish., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city lying south of Jerusalem, on the borders of Simeon, and belonging to the Amorites, the king of which joined with four others, at the invitation of Adonizedek king of Jerusalem, to chastise the Gibeonites for their league with Israel Joshua 10:3,5. They were routed by Joshua at Beth-horon, and the king of Lachish fell a victim with the others under the trees at Makkedah Joshua 10:26. The destruction of the town shortly followed the death of the king Joshua 10:31-33. In the special statement that the attack lasted two days, in contradistinction to the other cities which were taken in one, we gain our first glimpse of that strength of position for which Lachish was afterward remarkable. Lachish was one of the cities fortified and garrisoned by Rehoboam after the revolt of the northern kingdom II Chronicles 11:9. In the reign of Hezekiah it was one of the cities taken by Sennacherib. This siege is considered by Layard and Hincks to be depicted on the slabs found by the former in one of the chambers of the palace at Kouyunjik. After the return from captivity, Lachish with its surrounding "fields" was re-occupied by the Jews Nehemiah 11:30. ”.
***—In the first fourteen verses of this chapter we were introduced to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo (Hezekiah) son of Aw-khawz (Ahaz) king of Judah, we learned that he was the most righteous kings, surpassing even king David as far as his Faith and Trust in Father YHVH. We further learned that his trust in Father brought him to the point that he decided he no longer wanted to pay the years tribute to the king of Assyria which Judah had begun while under the rule of his father; therefore, San-khay-reeb’ (Sennacherib) began a military campaign against Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo and to our point in the study he had already captured 46 fenced cities in Judah and was presently besieging Judah’s Capital City of Jerusalem. At this point Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo, instead of turning to Father and seeking His counsel, he sent messengers to San-khay-reeb’ admitting his error in judgment, and also agreeing to pay whatever price San-khay-reeb’ commanded if he just stopped his besieging the city. We found out in verse we closed with last week, verse v18:14 that San-khay-reeb’s price was 300 talents of silver and 30 talents of gold year-by-year, which Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo agreed to pay. So, we pick out study up today in verse vII Kings 18:15—***
II Kings 18:15 And Hezekiah gave him all the silver that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house. -> Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo cleaned out not only the treasuries from his own stash; but, he also cleaned out the treasuries from Father's Temple, all in an attempt to buy and secure peace. That, brethren, is a no-no, a big no-no.
Remember, brethren, it was Father Who initially moved “the Assyrian” to come against the House of Israel and he continued coming against the House of Judah as well, and exactly where at present is he attacking in Judah? Right there in Jerusalem, he—the Assyrian,—wants Jerusalem, much like at the end of this Age, “the Assyrian,” satan in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus, will be coming against Jerusalem as he’ll want to be there as well as; he knows that is where Jesus will be returning to; therefore, he is going to be there trying to show himself that he is jesus as can be read in II Thessalonians 2.
Again, as I stated in my commentary in verse v18:13 above, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo had allowed it to get this far before he cried out to Father. He wouldn't have had to pay anything had he cried out to Father sooner. If there is a positive to this, it's that, once he did indeed cry out to Father, and Father told him to fear not, San-khay-reeb's General Rab-shaw-kay' then turned around and became haughty himself and blasphemed Father, which was where he made his crucial error.
II Kings 18:16 At that time did Hezekiah cut off the gold from the doors of the temple of the LORD, and from the pillars which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria. -> Remember, Father had Blessed Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo richly, and because of Father’s Blessings he had been able to overlay the Temple Doors, the Pillars and all the rest of Father’s Temple with pure gold; now however, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo is removing it all off the Temple Doors and Pillars, and putting it in baskets in order to be hauled off and given to the king of Assyria. This righteous man of God came into Father's Temple and ripped off the whole place; so, when is he going to come back to his senses?
Do you believe that anything Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo is doing here is going to change San-khay-reeb’s mind, and keep him from going after Jerusalem? Of course it isn’t, it’s only whetting his appetite for him to insist upon more. San-khay-reeb' saw the state of mind that his enemy Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo was in, and he saw imminent victory, he could already taste it, and its taste in his mouth was sweet. It probably would have been, had his General not become so arrogant and full of himself.
18:17-19:37 Second invasion.
18:17-19:37 SECOND INVASION. (Repeated and Extended Alternation.)
18:17-36 King of Assyria. Mission
II Kings 18:17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan (tar-tawn') and Rabsaris (chief of the eunuchs) (Rab-saw-reece') and Rab-shakeh (chief cupbearer) (Rab-shaw-kay') from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which is in the highway of the fuller's field. -> Even though Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo agreed to pay his price, and even though San-khay-reeb’ has agreed to this arrangement and moved on to sack another city to capture as part of his expanding kingdom, San-khay-reeb’ sent a delegation with a large portion of his army back to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo to collect more bounty. For their part, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo and the people of Jerusalem pretty much have to be quaking in their boots as; the rest of Judah has already fallen—remember, 46 fenced cities along with 200,100 people of Judah are gone into captivity—and they’re the only ones left to fend off this army should negotiations fail. What can we take from this brethren? Several things: first that, Father allowed this to come upon Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, even thoough he was doing righteously because, He was tesdting Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo as; He wants to see how Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo responds, in other words, Father doesn't want a "hot-house-lilly, so to speak; and secondly, this is how it will be during our day when our “the assyrian” comes against us. We too will be tested, and we better have Faith in Father as; He says He will protect us, and besides, what did He tell satan? “Touch not Mine Anointed, and do My Prophets no harm,” and Revelation 9:4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads. [9:5] And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man. -> So, in other words, they'll be able to torment us and speak all sorts of vile things against us; however, they cannot hurt us either physically or Spiritually as; His Elect know the truth.
For his part, what we don’t read here in the Book of the Kings;—except for a brief mention of it when we come to II Kings 20:20— but, we do in the Book of Chronicles is that, Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo had had his people gather together in order to stop all the fountains, and the brook which ran right through the midst of the land, this stoppage wasn’t really a stoppage at all, what he actually did was cover-over and hide all the aboveground flowing brooks and waterways in order to try and prevent his attackers from having easy access to the water. He did this at the conduit of the upper pool, which is also known as the Fountain En-rogel, which is also known as “The Virgin’s Fount”, or Gihon, which is on the East side of Ophel. The Brook En-rogel was stopped on the East-side and a channel was cut through to the lower pool Gihon on the West, and also south to Siloam, and then a shaft also ran water down to Zion. A good strategy on Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's part.
Tartan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H8661, - תּרתּן, - Tartân, pronounced - Tar-tawn', and means: Of foreign derivation; Tartan, an Assyrian: - Tartan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Occurs only in II Kings 18:17 and Isaiah 20:1. Has been generally regarded as a proper name; like Rabsaris and Rabshakeh, it is more probably an official designation, and indicates the Assyrian commander-in-chief.”.
Rabsaris=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H7249, - רב־סריס, - Rab-sârı̂ys, pronounced - Rab-saw-reece', and means: From H7227 and a foreign word for a eunuch; chief chamberlain; Rab-Saris, a Babylonian official: - Rab-saris., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ An officer of the king of Assyria sent up with Tartan and Rabshakeh against Jerusalem in the time of Hezekiah II Kings 18:17.”.
Rab-shakeh=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H7262, - רבשׁקה, - Rabshâqêh, pronounced - Rab-shaw-kay', and means: From H7227 and H8284; chief butler; Rabshakeh, a Babylonian official: - Rabshakeh., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ II Kings 18:17; Isaiah 36:1; and 37:1 ... One of the officers of the king of Assyria sent against Jerusalem in the reign of Hezekiah [HEZEKIAH]. The English version takes Rabshakeh as the name of a person; but it is more probably the name of the office which he held at the court, that of chief cupbearer.”.
II Kings 18:18 And when they had called to the king, there came out to them Eliakim (YAH of raising; or, raised up by YAH) (El-yaw-keem') the son of Hilkiah (portion of YAH; or YAH is my portion) (Khil-kee-yaw'-hoo), which was over the household, and Shebna (growth; or vigor) (Sheb-naw') the scribe, and Joah (YHVH-brothered; or whose brother (i.e. helper) is YHVH) (Yo-awkh') the son of Asaph (collector; or, collector of the people) (aw-sawf') the recorder. -> San-khay-reeb's General and representatives called out for Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo to come out and see them in order to have a face-to-face meeting whereby they would demand of him and Judah, more yearly tribute; however, he himself didn't go to see them, instead, he sent some of his own men for fear that San-khay-reeb's General Rab-shaw-khay' might treat him roughly, or even kill him.
Eliakim=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H471, - אליקים, - 'Elyâqı̂ym, pronounced - El-yaw-keem', and means: From H410 and H6965; God of raising; Eljakim, the name of four Israelites: - Eliakim., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Son of Hilkiah, master of Hezekiah's household ("over the house," as) Isaiah 36:3; II Kings 18:18,26,27. Eliakim was a good man, as appears by the title emphatically applied to him by God, "my servant Eliakim" Isaiah 22:20, and also in the discharge of the duties of his high station, in which he acted as a "father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah" Isaiah 22:21.”.
Hilkiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2518, - חלקיּה, חלקיּהוּ , - Chilqı̂yâh, or Chilqı̂yâhu, pronounced - Khil-kee-yaw', Khil-kee-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H2506 and H3050; portion of Jah; Chilhijah, the name of eight Israelites: - Hilkiah., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Father of Eliakim II Kings 18:18,37; Isaiah 22:29; 36:22 [ELIAKIM].”.
Shebna=First from the Strong’s Concordance: H7644, - שׁבנא, שׁבנה, - Shebnâ', or Shebnâh, pronounced - Sheb-naw', Sheb-naw', and means: From an unused root meaning to grow; growth; Shebna or Shebnah, an Israelite: - Shebna, Shebnah., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A person of high position in Hezekiah's court, holding at one time the office of prefect of the palace Isaiah 22:15, but subsequently the subordinate office of secretary II Kings 18:18; 19:2; and Isaiah 36:3.”. ** Before we go any further in II Kings 18, I first want to expound on this Sheb-naw' (Sheb-naw'), and also El-yaw-keem' (Eliakim). In Isaiah 22 Father has some strong words for, and some interesting things to say concerning this scribe Sheb-naw’; and also about His servant, the overseer of Jerusalem, El-yaw-keem’. The rest of this chapter in Isaiah 22 then, is going to focus on these two men, and we’ll find that Father is going to "call-out and poke Sheb-naw’ in the chest," so to speak; because, Father knows he has been doing things in secret that may not even have come to light; or, if they had, beings he is a "scribe," a writer\recorder of His Word, he may have had his hand in them not being in Father’s Word so that we could read about them as; we never find out the “why” as to why Father is about to have his prophet Yesh-ah-yaw'-hoo (Isaiah) speak very roughly to him and remove him from his position, we’ll just read that He is. The second man, El-yaw-keem’, who is most likely Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo’s minister, Father is going to elevate-up and put in Sheb-naw’s place. So, let’s turn there and read what He has to say: Isaiah 22:15 Thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, “Go, get thee unto this treasurer, even unto Shebna, which is over the house, and say, -> So, Who is speaking? Obviously we’re not unintelligent and we know that Father is speaking; but, let’s look at the names\roles\titles used of Father in this verse; beginning with "Lord:" we first off notice that only the “L” is Capitalized, while the “ord” are lower cased. In the Strong’s Concordance we find the "Lord" as used here, is not the customary H3068 YHVH;—which by the way, is used for the next word: GOD—but, here, it is H136, - אדני, - 'ădônây, pronounced - ad-o-noy', and means: An emphatic form of H113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only: - (my) Lord., and while Dr. Strong used H136, the Green’s Interlinear Bible actually used the H113, thereby emphasizing The LORD GOD; but, saying, The Adonoy’ YHVH; and as I pointed out, the second word, “GOD” as used here is Father in His Role of YHVH: Covenant Maker. For this entire Phrase: “Lord GOD of Hosts” we need to also see this for the Title is truly is: “YHVH Sabaioth; or YHVH Ze-BA-OTH'” one of Father YHVH’s Titles which denotes "The GOD of Israel as YHVH of all the hosts of Heaven and Earth." Now that we understand the “Who” of who is speaking, what is Father saying? He is telling Isaiah, writer of this Book, to go to The “Treasurer: Sheb-naw'.” Here, Sheb-naw’ is identified as a “treasurer;” however, in the Book of the Kings he is identified as a; or, the, “scribe.” What is significant about that? First off, it will become evident as we continue our reading here in Isaiah 22; but, he is a scribe, and though when we look his name up in the Strong’s Concordance we read in the section of what his name means, we find that Dr. Strong identified him as “an Israelite;” However, he is not an Israelite, as Dr. Bullinger correctly points out in His Notes to this verse in his Companion Bible, he is a “foreigner;” or a “heathenized Jew,” we’ll accept that he is one of the nethinim kenites who, —yeah, now born in with our brethren forefathers—have taken over the duties\responsibilities of the Levite Priests, both as a scribe, writing Father’s Word, and as a—as mentioned here in this verse—treasurer, keeping tally of the funds in Father’s House. So, again, now that we have identified our subject: Sheb-naw’, let’s listen to what Father has to say concerning him—and say-some Codices, with the Aramiac, the Septuagint, the Syriac, and the Vulgate all read: “and thou shalt say unto him” in other words, Isaiah is to say to; or, ask, Sheb-naw’, the following—:pay attention also to the emphaticness of the questions [22:16] ‘What hast thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth an habitation for himself in a rock? -> Listen to Father’s questioning of him and his supposed credentials. Father knows who he is and what he has up to, and it’s been, no good. This may be difficult for the some to understand; but, this treasurer: Sheb-naw’ to this point has been a controller of Father’s treasuries, and they are known today as; the people that are in control of one of the four hidden dynasties, one of the four man-made forces which are in control of how the world then and today operate, this one we call “the economy.” Here, Father was telling him that he was about to be removed from his exalted position, and for us living today, Father then is asking whether you are going to take your problems to this world controller, or to Him. Just a note of something we need to always keep in the back of our minds: there are four hidden dynasties which are present to control the world in leading up to and during the end of this Age. Those hidden dynasties are “Religion,” “Politics,” “Education,” and “Economics.” "Economics" includes the banking world, with its controls on international trade and agreements, their industries and commerce. Each of these hidden dynasties are separate; yet, they work jointly to bring about the One World System which now is gaining a stranglehold on the entire world. These dynasties are hidden because of what the people running them do, and get away with, as, everything they do, is done in secret and behind closed doors. It is through these systems that they control, that they operate under the face of a lie. They get away with what they do because; people just don't care what happens so long as they are provided for with in their basic needs, just look at how things in this Country have been for the past four years under the obamanation. With our Election of a new President this year, only Donald Trump is showing that he has the intestinal fortitude to alter this stranglehold, all the others, are part of the “establishment,” I’m Praying we elect Donald Trump; however, I fear that those running the dynasties are going to prevent that from happening; but, I digress. So, Father is addressing this "treasurer" "Sheb-naw’," in other words, He is addressing one of those hidden dynasties. That of “Economics,” which does their controlling behind the scenes through the use of interest rates, trade agreements, and things relating to our jobs and livelihood. Through economic means, they manipulate what you think and believe. You learn to allow them to control your life more-so then, turning to Father and allowing Him to take care of your well-being. Therefore, Father is asking you, who do you turn to for the control of your life, the financial men, or Him? Ouch, that was a poke in my chest, I hear You Father! Though the unGodly financial wizards are intimately familiar with the ways of the world, the Spiritual man that is in tune with Father's Word knows exactly what the prophetic events of the future shall bring. When one knows what the future is bringing it puts one in an advantage financially. "Here" is given three times for emphasis, and Father is asking; "What are you going to do, who are you going to do it, and with whom will you do it with?" Though He is directing His questioning to Sheb-naw’, He is actually asking us today, and He is asking - Are you going to put everything you do, into the hands of these world controllers? Of course, this “rock" spoken of here, as we know, is not our “Rock," Who is Jesus Christ; but, is the false rock satan. His children are the kenites, i.e., those of the seed of Cain; who infiltrated into the house of Israel way back in the time of Joshua (Joshua 9), and have been slowly working their way into the highest positions of the Priesthood, as can be read in I Chronicles 2:55: I Chronicles 2:55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez (Jerusalem); the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hamath, the father of the house of Rechab. -> They had taken over the Priesthood during the Babylonian captivity because the Levitical Priests had allowed them too because they themselves had become lazy; however, as they—our forefathers—were coming out of their captivity to the Babylonians, Ezra and Nehemiah found them—these kenite nethinims who were now claiming to be the Levite Priests—out and called for them to bring actual Levite Priests. These kenites are the same ones who took over the priesthood, that Ezra speaks of in Ezra 8:16-17; and they also are the ones who control the four hidden dynasties today. Their "rock"—their father: satan—is not like our Rock for; our Rock is the living God. So, what Father is telling you to do is to stop and take a look around you, and look and see what they have done and are doing. Who is in control of you and how are they treating you? Today, we have a system which is over us, one which tells us what the interest rates are going to be, and if there is money that you can borrow for your home or cars. That financial system not only controls our government, but it also controls our home, and individual lives. Most of the people think that system is part of our Federal Government; however, that is a fallacy as; it is a private corporation controlled by this hidden dynasty of these international kenite bankers. Whatever financial crisis that come up around the world are controlled by them in order to help them regulate their control over you and your family. Are you starting to get the picture of what Father is speaking of in this verse? Who are you letting control your life and that of your family? Father is telling you to lean on Him, not these Kenite controllers. Wake up to what is going to happen in our generation and get prepared for future emergencies. Sepulcher=Father is about to tell Sheb-naw’ through His Prophet Yesh-ah-yaw’-hoo that He is going to have Sheb-naw’ killed, so it’s a good thing he has carved out a sepulcher; however, once dead, it doesn’t matter how pretty that sepulcher is as; you’re still dead, this flesh body won’t be looking at the materialistic things you put in the sepulcher anyhow; so, why bother? [22:17] Behold, the LORD will carry thee away with a mighty captivity, and will surely cover thee. -> In the Hebrew, this “carry thee away with a mighty captivity” reads slightly different, Dr. Bullinger notes that it reads: “will hurl thee with the hurling of [a mighty] man”, whereas, the Green’s Interlinear Bible notes that it reads: “hurls you with a hurling O man, and grasps you with a grasping.". [22:18] He will surely violently turn and toss thee like a ball into a large country: there shalt thou die, and there the chariots of thy glory shall be the shame of thy lord's house. -> The shame of thy lord’s house=Notice that “lord” is in all lower case, thus it means master; or, in this case, the false pretend-to-be-Master, in other words satan, Sheb-naw’s father, and that was also what Father was pointing out in the previous verse where He said that Sheb-naw’ graveth his habitation in a “lower case” “rock.” This verse is again applying to 600 B.C., and also to what satan’s children are doing today, and Father is saying that it will be He Who ends the violence that is carried on under the “banner of religion,” and He will bring down their systems. He is further saying that He is going to “roll you up into a small ball, and violently hurl; or, whirl you out into a country wide of hands. He is vehemently telling satan’s children that He is in control, even though they think that it is they who are in control. Father is using them to fulfill His prophecy that is written in His Word, just as He is using satan as His test for us, and as He used Judas to betray Christ. [22:19] And I will drive thee from thy station, and from thy state shall he pull thee down.’ -> Here, Father is telling Sheb-naw’ that it will be El-yaw-keem’ who takes him down, thereby not only removing him from is high place; but, also from this Age, just as it will be Father Who removes satan from his lofty place and casts him into the Lake of Fire on the Day of the Great White Throne of Judgment. Beginning in the next verse, the focus changes and Father now sets His sights on His Servant El-yaw-keem, who becomes a “type” for our LORD and Saviour Jesus Christ. [22:20] And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah: -> In that day=What day is Father referencing here? The LORD’S Day, the First Day of Jesus’ one thousand year Millennial Reign. Father’s is going to knock the wind right out of satan’s sails. [22:21] And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. -> Yes, on That Day, Father is going to give everything into Jesus’ hand. Pay attention to this next verse as Father tells El-yaw-keem’ that He is going to give to him something very important. [22:22] And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. -> The key of the house of David=Does that sound Familiar brethren? It should, and we can read of it in the Book of Revelation: Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; ‘ These things saith He That is Holy, He That is True, He That hath the key of David, He That openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; -> There is only One Who is Holy, One Who is True, and it is only He Who can give us this Key which opens what no man can open, and close which no man can close. Of course we're talking about Father, Son and Spirit and His Word, no man can open the Scriptures for us, He proves this in Luke 24:45 where His Word declares: Luke 24:45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, -> And if you know anything of His Word, He had already been crucified when He opened His disciples understanding of everything He had taught them for the past three years while He was with them. And what was it He had opened for them, we're about to find out in these verses. [3:8] I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name. -> When Father opens the door so you can see into His truth, it's truly a blessing. With just a little strength from Him, anything is possible, what was it Paul told us in the Epistle to the Philippians? Philippians 4:13 I can do all things through Christ Which strengtheneth me. -> When you know the truth of Father's word, you will never follow any man's doctrine, dogma, or traditions which go against Father's Word, or be tempted by the Father's and our adversary satan, either now, or when he is here in his role of pretend-to-be-christ: antichrist, or his system. This next verse is why we came here, this is what the Key of David is all about. [3:9] Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee. -> Do you know who it is who claim to be Jews and are not but do lie? Jesus taught His Disciples and us this, have you read it? It’s what the parables of the Sower all concerned in Matthew 13:3-9, then again when His disciples asked Him why He was speaking in Parables, He answered in verses v13:11-17, and in verses v13:18-23 He gives the interpretation of the Sower, in verses v13:24-33 He gives three more parables and in verse v13:35 He tells them plainly: Matthew 13:35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, “I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world”. -> Things which have been kept secret from the beginning of this Earth Age of flesh man, He is now revealing to His Disciples and us; and what is it that is so important that it had been kept secret? He gave the answer in the three parables in verses v13:24-33, and will now reveal in verses v13:37-43: Matthew 13:37 He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; -> Father ELOHIM created all of us, in this Age it was He Who created all the races of man on the 6th day, then on the eighth day He created The Seed-line through which He would be born in the Flesh: eth-ha-adam, Adam, and then from Adam's Rib: Helix Curve, DNA He created Eve. Father's and our adversary satan then "beguiled" Eve, in other words he seduced her and lay with her and she conceived, this child would be named Cain, whereby when Father addressed this with both satan and Eve in Genesis 3:11-16, He told satan [3:14-15] that he was cursed forever and would pay dearly for seducing Eve in order to try and prevent His becoming Flesh, and for Eve, [3:16] He told her that she was pregnant and that she would now lay with her husband Adam and conceive again, this child wold be named Abel whom Cain would later murder, and then Seth, the lineage through which Father would become Flesh. [13:38] The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; -> Those created on the 6th day,i.e., the Races, otherwise known as the Nations, or the Gentiles, they are of Father; Adam and Eve and their offspring through Seth, they are of Father; satan and Eve's offspring through Cain, they obviously are of satan and their lineage is the kenite, and what does Father say about the kenites? Numbers 24:21 And he looked on the Kenites, and took up his parable, and said, “Strong is thy dwellingplace, and thou puttest thy nest in a rock. [24:22] Nevertheless the Kenite shall be wasted, until Asshur shall carry thee away captive. -> If they continue to put their trust in their father satan and never turn to our Father ELOHIM, and they continue to do his work, then yes, they will be wasted. It was they who infiltrated our forefathers in the time of Joshua, it is they who became the scribes that Father tells us of in I Chronicles 2:55, of which we read of above in Isaiah 22:16. [13:39] The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. -> Did you read that? The enemy that sowed them is the devil: satan. This is Jesus speaking to us, are you listening? Do you have the eyes to see and the ears to hear? Do you have that Key of David? OK, we've identified them and can know them by their fruit; so, now that we indeed do know them, what do we do about them? Nothing as, as Jesus tells us in this and the next few verses, the angels will take care of them. [13:40] As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. -> They'll be gathered; though, not in this Age of Flesh; but, at the end of Jesus' one thousand year Millennial reign. [13:41] The Son of man shall send forth His angels, and they shall gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; [13:42] And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. -> Again, this doesn't take place until at the end of Jesus' 1,000 year reign where there'll be teaching and disciplining, and then satan will be loosed and he and all who follow him will Judged at the Great White Throne of Judgment and cast into the Lake of Fire; while all those who rejected him will be Judged to Reward, and eternal everlasting life with Father as taught by Jesus in Revelation 20. [13:43] Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. -> I can explain it, I can show you it in Father's Word; however, ONLY He can open your understanding, that you might understand. [3:10] Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. -> To do what? To Try them, this is what this Age is all about, it is Father's Test, His examination of we His Children. He wants, though He does already, to know WHO HAS READ AND STUDIED HIS WORD! [3:11] Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown. -> You will receive a special crown if you sought Father and asked Him to open your understanding to understand His Word, and then not bow to satan in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus, nor take his name or his number, or his system. Listen also to what He says next: [3:12] Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name. -> The "pillar" is what supports the church, the True Temple. These pillars, or believers, will be what Jesus builds his Millennium kingdom around. Once you overcome in this Age, your position in Christ's Kingdom is an eternal position which Father set aside, just for you. You are important where it counts, in His Kingdom. The "new name" is written in Isaiah 62:4: Isaiah 62:4 Thou shalt no more be termed Forsaken; neither shall thy land any more be termed Desolate: but thou shalt be called Hephzibah, and thy land Beulah: for the LORD delighteth in thee, and thy land shall be married. -> My delight is in her=That's the new name. "Her" being the bride of Christ. In the Hebrew, her name is "Heph-zi-bah," and the name for this new city is called "Beu-lah land". [3:13] He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches. -> Again I ask, do you have the ears to hear yet? And now from the previous Chapter, Revelation 2: Revelation 2:8 And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive; -> Father was before all things and when He became Flesh as His only Begotten Son Jesus Christ and was then crucified, He became the One which was dead and IS Alive; so, again, It is He Who is speaking. [2:9] I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan. -> Those of the church of Smyrna were not rich in the worldly sense; however, they were rich as; they had the Key of David, they knew the Truth in Father's Word, they knew who it was who claimed that they were of our brother Judah, but, were not, but had infiltrated and therefore lied, in saying that they were of our brother. It was these who did indeed crucify our Lord and in doing so cast aspersions onto our brother Judah, who to this day many believe it was our brother who crucified Jesus on that cross. [2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. -> How many times in His Word does Father tell us to "be not afraid;" or, "fear not?" The answer is 90 times; therefore, we don't have to worry as; He has given us power over all of our enemies as He told us in The gospel of Luke: Luke 10:19 Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you. [10:20] Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven. -> The key here is that He has given this power to us in His name. He has His protection around His Elect, this doesn't mean nothing will happen to us, just as Jesus told satan when he tried to tempt Him in both Matthew 4, and Luke 4, "tempt not the LORD thy God." It is Father's Elect who shall be delivered up in order to give testimony before satan, though it will not be them speaking, it will be Father's Holy Spirit as can be read in Mark 13:9-11-12, and Luke 12:10-12; and as such, it is only they who can commit the unpardonable sin, and at that time. [2:11] He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death. -> Father's Elect, and all those who overcame in this Age, in other words, all those who accepted Jesus while in the flesh and died before satan came in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus, and only those who did not take satan's mark while he came at the end of this Age, have no fear of the Lake of Fire as they are the overcomers and have only rewards, those who loved Father and Christ; but, were fooled into believing because their pastors didn't teach them, and because they didn't Study Father's Word in-depth enough to read that Father is sending satan at the end of this Age as a test, they and those who did not accept Christ will be taught and disciplined during Jesus' one thousand year Millennial reign, at the end of that time they will again face Father's test and if they fail it that time, they go into the Lake of Fire along with satan. Let’s return now to finish the last three verses of this little side study of Isaiah 22 and then return to our Study of II Kings 18: [22:23] And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house. -> This "nail" that Father is speaking of here in this verse, plays on a figure of speech as; a nail was hammered into the wall of your house, and when anyone entered into the house they knew that and where the nail was in order to hang your belongings upon. You knew that that nail was on the wall just inside the door of every house, and that was where your coat was supposed to hang. Father is saying that, just as sure as you are of the nail, and where it would be, you could count on Him to hang yourself upon. Brethren, you can count on our Lord Jesus Christ, and on what Father’s Word has promised us. It is because of the nails that pierced His hands and feet that Jesus has given you the power to do many things. Father just elevated El-yaw-keem' to a "type" for our Lord Jesus, and in doing so, watch in the next verse what Father says concerning him. [22:24] And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.’ -> Like him, every one of his offspring will also be looked upon in high favor or standard. This is what Father said concerning El-yaw-keem', in the next verse He finishes what He began concerning Sheb-naw', and it isn't good. [22:25] In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it.” -> In that day=This is referring back to the day that Father overthrew and tore down Sheb-naw' and exalted El-yaw-keem' in his place. Sheb-naw' had thought himself a "nail" in a "sure place," in other words, he thought there was no one, or nothing which could bring him down; however, he just found out otherwise, he just found out that Father it was not he who was a nail in a sure place; but, His Servant El-yaw-keem', or Christ. Removed…cut down…fall…cut off=Father here emphasizes the completeness of Sheb-naw’s downfall. The “interpretation” belongs to the two men, i.e. Sheb-naw’ and El-yaw-keem’; but, the “application” refers to (1) to the two parties in Jerusalem; and (2) to the Messiah in Whom this Prophesy will be exhausted.
Joah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3098, - יואח, - Yô'âch, pronounced - Yo-awkh', and means: From H3068 and H251; Jehovah-brothered; Joach, the name of four Israelites: - Joah., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The son of Asaph, and chronicler or keeper of the records to Hezekiah II Kings 18:18; Isaiah 36:3,11,22. ”.
Asaph=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew number: H623, - אסף, - 'Asâph, pronounced - Aw-sawf', and means: From H622; collector; Asaph, the name of three Israelites, and of the family of the first: - Asaph., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The father or ancestor of Joah, the chronicler to the kingdom of Judah in the reign of Hezekiah II Kings 18:18,37; Isaiah 36:3,22, probably the same as Berechiah’s son who was a Levite.”.
II Kings 18:19 And Rab-shakeh said unto them, “Speak ye now to Hezekiah, ‘Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, ‘What confidence is this wherein thou trustest? -> Sennacherib's General Rab-shaw-kay' tells Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's men to ask him why he himself hasn't come out to see them and in whom does he put his trust in that he thinks he can withstand him, the other two generals and their army? Of course these questions aren't really being asked in order to receive an answer, they're more of a poke-in-the-chest, an attempt to goad Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo to come out and fight, or to come out and surrender. He continues into the next verse.
II Kings 18:20 Thou sayest, (but they are but vain words,) I have counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me? -> Rab-shaw-kay’ is telling Eliakim to remind Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo that it was he who had told Sennacherib to "buzz off" as; he had taken some greater counsel for his strength and backing in war, and then he decided he no longer wanted to pay the yearly tribute. I’m sure this Rab-shaw-kay’ had a little more to say to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo that isn’t recorded here in Father’s Word. I'm pretty sure he said some colorful things.
They are but vain words=This is a Hebrew idiom which, when spoken in the Hebrew, would translate out: "lip-words," in other words, what it is saying is that, even Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo doesn’t have trust or confidence in his own words coming out of his mouth; so, he better be careful as to how he answers.
Now on whom dost thou trust=Rab-shaw-kay' is falsely believing that Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo is putting his trust and hope in the king of Egypt, and he knows that his king Sennacherib is at present down waging war against the king of Egypt; therefore, if Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo is indeed putting his trust in the king of Egypt, he knows it's a false trust, as we'll read in the next verse.
II Kings 18:21 Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt (land of the copts), on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him. -> Here Rab-shaw-kay' is reminding Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo that Ho-shay'-ah had depended upon and put his trust in So king of Egypt and we see how that worked out for him as; he and his people are no more a nation; therefore, king Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, if the king of Egypt is indeed where you're putting your trust, you might as well be leaning on a limp wet noodle.
Father's Prophet Isaiah warned Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo and the people of Jerusalem of this as we can read in Isaiah 30:2-3, he even tried to convince the people to talk Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo out of even considering going to Egypt.
Egypt=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H4714, - מצרים, - Mitsrayim, pronounced - Mits-rah'-yim, and means: Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt: - Egypt, Egyptians, Mizraim., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A country occupying the northeast angle of Africa. Its limits appear always to have been very nearly the same. It is bounded on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by Palestine, Arabia and the Red Sea, on the south by Nubia, and on the west by the Great Desert. It is divided into upper Egypt—the valley of the Nile—and lower Egypt, the plain of the Delta, from the Greek letter; it is formed by the branching mouths of the Nile, and the Mediterranean Sea. The portions made fertile by the Nile comprise about 9582 square geographical miles, of which only about 5600 is under cultivation. — Encyclopedia Britannica. The Delta extends about 200 miles along the Mediterranean, and Egypt Isaiah 520 miles long from north to south from the sea to the First Cataract. NAMES. — The common name of Egypt in the Bible is "Mizraim." It is in the dual number, which indicates the two natural divisions of the country into an upper and a lower region. The Arabic name of Egypt—Mizr—signifies "red mud." Egypt is also called in the Bible "the land of Ham" Psalm 105:23,27, with which we can compare with Psalm 78:51. — A name most probably referring to Ham the son of Noah — and "Rahab," the proud or insolent: these appear to be poetical appellations. The common ancient Egyptian name of the country is written in hieroglyphics Kem, which was perhaps pronounced Chem. This name signifies, in the ancient language and in Coptic, "black," on account of the blackness of its alluvial soil. We may reasonably conjecture that Kem is the Egyptian equivalent of Ham. GENERAL APPEARANCE, CLIMATE, ETC. — The general appearance of the country cannot have greatly changed since the days of Moses. The whole country is remarkable for its extreme fertility, which especially strikes the beholder when the rich green of the fields is contrasted with the utterly bare, yellow mountains or the sand-strewn rocky desert on either side. The climate is equable and healthy. Rain is not very infrequent on the northern coast, but inland is very rare. Cultivation nowhere depends upon it. The inundation of the Nile fertilizes and sustains the country, and makes the river its chief blessing. The Nile was on this account anciently worshipped. The rise begins in Egypt about the summer solstice, and the inundation commences about two months later. The greatest height is attained about or somewhat after the autumnal equinox. The inundation lasts about three months. The atmosphere, except on the seacoast, is remarkably dry and clear, which accounts for the so perfect preservation of the monuments, with their pictures and inscriptions. The heat is extreme during a large part of the year. The winters are mild, — from 50.”.
II Kings 18:22 But if ye say unto me, ‘We trust in the LORD our God: is not that He, Whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and Jerusalem, ‘Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem?’ ’ ’ -> Here is where Sennacherib's General Rab-shaw-kay' made his critical, he stops addressing Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo and turns his attention toward the people of Judah and now says to them, that if they are thinking of putting their trust in Father YHVH, their thinking is mis-guided as; if they'll recall, their king had torn down all their places where they served and worshiped Him; therefore, He is no longer with them, and in a sense, he is correct.
Brethren Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo had also committed his critical error and sin when he trusted in the gold and silver to keep his enemy at bay, he should have done what his name means, which is "strengthened of YAH," he should have immediately turned to Father and sought He counsel and guidance instead of desecrating His Temple by tearing off all the gold plating and giving it to Sennacherib. Fortunately for Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo it's not too late to do just that, he just needs to seek Father, repent of his sins, and ask Him for His forgiveness and to come to his rescue, and He'll do just that. We too today need to do that when we fall short and sin, Father already knows our sin; so, we just need to man-up and own up to it\them, and ask His forgiveness. Oh, we'll still have to make that trip out to the woodshed and receive our punishment; but, that corrective punishment is meted out in Love. right now Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo and the people of Judah are weak, and what did Paul teach us concerning when we're weak? II Corinthians 12:10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ's sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong..
II Kings 18:23 Now therefore, I pray thee, give pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them. -> Rab-shaw-kay' is poking Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo in the eye, he is saying here to him, you know, I could give you 2,000 of my best horses for you to mount your cavalry and you still couldn't defeat me. This was not because he knew Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo didn't have 2,000 cavalrymen as, surely he did; however, those men were not seasoned warriors as were the warriors of Sennacherib and Rab-shaw-kay', and Rab-shaw-kay' knew this.
II Kings 18:24 How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? -> .Here Rab-shaw-kay' is telling Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo that even his most seasoned warrior could not defend himself against his least seasoned warrior, nor could any of Egypt's; so, either way, you have no hope in saving yourself or your people.
II Kings 18:25 Am I now come up without the LORD against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, ‘Go up against this land, and destroy it.’ ” -> The LORD said to me, ‘Go up against this land, and destroy it=When did Father say for this to come to pass? Twenty-eight years earlier and it was Prophesied by Isaiah in Isaiah 10:6-8; however, if you'll recall, we are only in Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's 14th year of his rule over the House of Judah. Therefore Rab-shaw-kay's statement is both true, and "false and blasphemous" as; Father may have devised and\or prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem; but, that was 14 years before either Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo or Sennacherib came into power, and for Sennacherib's General Rab-shaw-kay' to now be speaking this to Yekh-is-yaw'-hoo is going to cost Sennacherib dearly!
II Kings 18:26 Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rab-shakeh, “Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall.” -> Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's servants tell Rab-shaw-kay' to speak with them in his native tongue of Aramaic because they rightfully feared that when their own people on the wall heard what Rab-shaw-kay' said, they would have doubt in their hearts and then quake in their boots so to speak. But, that was exactly the result that Rab-shaw-kay' was looking for as; that was the reason he was speaking in Hebrew, he wanted the people of Judah to hear and understand what he was saying in order to instill fear into them and to try and make them not want to put up a defense against him.
II Kings 18:27 But Rab-shakeh said unto them, “Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men which sit on the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you?” -> Very strong words from Rab-shaw-kay'; but, listen to what he was actually saying, he told Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's representatives that Sennacherib didn't send him to speak with either Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo, or them; but, to the people of Judah. In other words, as I said in my commentary in the previous verse; Rab-shaw-kay' wanted the people of Judah so scared of what he was saying, that they would refuse to fight for Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo against him and his men. He is about to ratchet it up even higher in the next verse by purposefully speaking directly to Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's fighting men.
What Rab-shaw-kay’ is really telling these men is that, he is ready and prepared to besiege Jerusalem for as long as it takes as; he is outside the walls, therefore he can resupply as often as he needs to keep his supplies flowing; however, they are inside the city walls and their supplies are limited, and thus if needed, he’ll continue his besiegement of the city until their supplies are so low that they’ll have to drink their own urine and eat their own feces just to keep up their strength and fill their bellies. Not a good position to be in. Will his words have the desired effect? That is a good question; but, something Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's men know that obviously Rab-shaw-kay' doesn't is that, they have a good water supply; so, there'll be no need to drink their own urine. Food, now that might be a little different, we'll see.
II Kings 18:28 Then Rab-shakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and spake, saying, “Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria: -> As I said, here Rab-shaw-kay' turns and directly addresses Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's fighting men and he is going to engage them in some psychological warfare.
II Kings 18:29 Thus saith the king, ‘Let not Hezekiah deceive you: for he shall not be able to deliver you out of his hand: -> Rab-shaw-kay' tells Judah's fighting men that their king Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo can only fill them with a false hope of security as; from their defensive positions on the city walls, they can see for themselves that they are outnumbered and will lose if this comes to war.
Rab-shaw-kay’ had already lied and blasphemed Father with his lies once, now he is about to really err by doing so again.
II Kings 18:30 Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, ‘The LORD will surely deliver us, and this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.’ -> Rabshakeh continues his psychological assault on the men of Judah, this time trying to shake up the troops by telling them that he is so powerful that, even their God, Father YHVH, will not be able to deliver them out of his hand. Again, from their fortified defensive positions on the wall, these troops can look out and see the vast numbers of troops that the Assyrians have brought with them for this siege. Rab-shakeh is blaspheming against Father. He is saying that Father cannot deliver them, and this statement would unite true believers.
II Kings 18:31 Hearken not to Hezekiah:’ for thus saith the king of Assyria, ‘Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me, and then eat ye every man of his own vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his cistern: -> Rab-shaw-kay' now tells them that, should you choose for yourselves and decide to leave your posts and come on out of the city to me, Sennacherib will consider it a present by you, and has allowed me to assure you that, for you doing so, you'll be given protection and I'll give you land and homes much like your own homes and farms, and you'll be able to eat your own food and drink your own water to the full. Rab-shaw-kay' is just full of "good promises" isn't he? Though I will say that on the surface, this sounds a whole lot better than what he offered them in verse v18:27 above!
Cistern=Yeah, there is a cistern, or pit involved in this offer alright, for the Assyrian of our Generation will also offer us a pit, and that pit is destruction. Let’s check out this word “cistern” in our Strong’s Concordance, we’ll find it is Hebrew word number: H953, - בּור, - bôr, pronounced - bore, and means: From H952 (in the sense of H877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison): - cistern, dungeon, fountain, pit, well., remember that the assyrian is a type for satan, and you just cannot trust any promise that is made by him. This is a type of the false messiah, and Sennacherib simply cannot be counted on to keep any of his promises or words. We can also read Daniel 9 and Daniel 11 that the assyrian of our time too will come in offering peace and for us to prosper, if, we just obey, serve, and worship him.
II Kings 18:32 Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of oil olive and of honey, that ye may live, and not die: and hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you, saying, ‘The LORD will deliver us.’ -> Notice that Rab-shaw-kay' is telling them that they will not be staying in the territories of the House of Judah, at their own homes, he'll be removing them to another land, his, and though he is promising them "good things," do you believe that that is what is waiting for them?
Wine=Check out this word “wine” in your Strong’s Concordance brethren and you’ll find it is Hebrew word number: H8492, - תּירושׁ, תּירשׁ, - tı̂yrôsh, tı̂yrôsh, pronounced - tee-roshe', tee-roshe', and means: From H3423 in the sense of expulsion; must or fresh grape juice (as just squeezed out); by implication (rarely) fermented wine: - (new, sweet) wine., now let’s check out this word H3423, - ירשׁ, ירשׁ, - yârash, yârêsh, pronounced - yaw-rash', yaw-raysh', and means: A primitive root; to occupy (be driving out previous tenants, and possessing in their place); by implication to seize, to rob, to inherit; also to expel, to impoverish, to ruin: - cast out, consume, destroy, disinherit, dispossess, drive (-ing) out, enjoy, expel, X without fail, (give to, leave for) inherit (-ance, -or), + magistrate, be (make) poor, come to poverty, (give to, make to) possess, get (have) in (take) possession, seize upon, succeed, X utterly., you get the picture. Sennacherib through his General Rab-shaw-kay’ wants to remove the People of Judah from off their lands, move them to Assyria, and then occupy the territories of Judah for he and his people. In other words, he wants to enlarge his kingdom by removing this threat of the House of Judah.
And again I remind you brethren, who are we looking at here? The Assyrian, that one who is a “type” for the anti-christ who’ll come at the end of this Age. What is his message? I’ll move you out of here, i.e. via “the rapture,” so you won’t have to face the tribulation. There are multiple problems with that thought though brethren, and the main on is the fact that the tribulation, satan’s time here at the end of the Age, is Father’s test for us to see who has truly Read and Studied His Word. We’re not to be going anywhere. Even when Jesus comes for His Second Advent, He is coming here, and if you’re gone… well, you get my drift.
II Kings 18:33 Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered at all his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria? -> Rab-shaw-kay' continues his verbal barrage, now telling the men listening to him that, of every other nation that Assyria has come up against, not one of them has been able to stand against them, their gods could not protect them from the might and power of the Assyrian army.
II Kings 18:34 Where are the gods of Hamath (walled; or, fortress), and of Arpad (spread out; or strong city) (Ar-pawd')? where are the gods of Sepharvaim (the two Sipparas) (Sef-ar-vah'-yim, or Sef-aw-reem'), Hena (troubling) (Hay-nah'), and Ivah (ruin) (Av-vaw')? have they delivered Samaria out of mine hand? -> The blasphemy coming out of Rab-shaw-kay's mouth as he continues telling the men of Judah that no other god has been able to withstand Assyria; therefore, how and why is it that they think YHVH can withstand him? Oh, he is correct in that other gods, since there are no other gods except Father YHVH, ELOHIM our Creator; and He isn't going to stand for this blasphemy for much longer.
Hamath="The principal city of upper Syria, was situated in the valley of the Orontes, which it commanded from the low screen of hills which forms the water-shed between the source of the Orontes and Antioch. The Hamathites were a Hamitic race, and are included among the descendants of Canaan Genesis 10:18. Nothing appears of the power of Hamath until the time of David II Chronicles 8:9. Hamath seems clearly to have been included in the dominions of Solomon I Kings 14:21-24. The "store-cities" which Solomon "built in Hamath" II Chronicles 8:4, were perhaps staples for trade. In the Assyrian inscriptions of the time of Ahab Hamath appears as a separate power, in alliance with the Syrians of Damascus, the Hittites and the Phoenicians. About three-quarters of a century later Jeroboam the Second "recovered Hamath" II Kings 14:28. Soon afterwards the Assyrians took it II Kings 18:34; 19:13, etc., and from this time it ceased to be a place of much importance. Antiochus Epiphanes changed its name to Epiphaneia. The natives, however, called it Hamath even in St. Jerome's time, and its present name, Hamah , is but slightly altered from the ancient form.". Today Hamath is Hema which is north of Damascus.
Arpad=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H774, - ארפּד, - 'Arpâd, pronounced - Ar-pawd', and means: From H7502; spread out; Arpad, a place in Syria: - Arpad, Arphad., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ Isaiah 36:19; 37:13 A city or district in Syria, apparently dependent on Damascus Jeremiah 49:23. No trace of its existence has yet been discovered II Kings 18:34; 19:13; Isaiah 10:9.” Today, Arpad is known as Tell erfād which is 13 miles north west of Aleppo.
Sepharvaim=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5617, - ספרוים, or ספרים o, - Sepharvayim, or Sephârı̂ym, pronounced - Sef-ar-vah'-yim, or Sef-aw-reem', and means: Of foreign derivation; Sepharvajim or Sepharim, a place in Assyria: - Sepharvaim., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: Mentioned by Sennacherib in his letter to Hezekiah as a city whose king had been unable to resist the Assyrians II Kings 19:13; Isaiah 37:13, with which we can compare with II Kings 18:34. It is identified with the famous town of Sippara., on the Euphrates above Babylon, which was near the site of the modern Mosaib. The dual form indicates that there were two Sipparas, one on either side of the river. Berosus called Sippara "a city of the sun;" and in the inscriptions it bears the same title, being called Tsipar sha Shamas , or "Sippara of the Sun" -- the sun being the chief object of worship there, compare with II Kings 17:31. Today, Sippara is on the Euphrates, above babylon.
Hena=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H2012, - הנע, - Hêna, pronounced - Hay-nah', and means: Probably of foreigner derivation Hena, a place apparently in Mesopotamia: - Hena., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city the Assyrian kings had reduced shortly before the time of Sennacherib II Kings 19:13; Isaiah 37:13. At no great distance from Sippara (now Mosaib ) is an ancient town called And or Anah , which may be the same as Hena. It Isaiah 20 miles from Babylon on the Euphrates.”.
Ivah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5755, - עוּא , עוּה, - ‛ivvâh, or ‛avvâ', pronounced - iv-vaw' or av-vaw', and means: For H5754; Ivvah or Avva, a region of Assyria: - Ava, Ivah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: A place in the empire of Assyria, apparently the same as Ava II Kings 17:24; 18:34.
II Kings 18:35 Who are they among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered their country out of mine hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of mine hand?’ ” -> There is no god who can withstand all my might; therefore, you should not be trusting in YHVH to deliver you out of my hand. This sounds very much like how pharaoh responded to Moses when Father came to Moses and told him He was going to deliver His People out of pharaoh's hand, pharaoh asked who Father YHVH though He was that He could do such a thing?
II Kings 18:36 But the people held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king's commandment was, saying, “Answer him not.” -> After listening to Rab-shaw-kay' run his mouth to the completion, neither Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's representatives, nor the men of Judah in their fortified defensive postions of the wall replied as; Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo had told them not too; but, to do just as they are doing, and then report back to him what was said.
This is what pleases Father: discipline; and this is what we are to do today as well, discipline ourselves to where we Study Father’s Word in order that we know it well enough so that we who are alive at the end of this Age and He sends satan as His test to see just who has, we can then stand tall before Him as we’ll have shown that we had.
II Kings 18:37 Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rab-shakeh. -> Yekh-iz-zee-yaw'-hoo's representatives report back to him and tell him that, Rab-shaw-kay' gave an impressive speech, very convincing, enough so, that are pretty distressed and wondering how we're going to get out of this.
Their clothes rent=Yekh-iz-zee-yaw’-hoo’s men returning to him with their clothes rent, shows both he and us—and Father too, for that matter—that they had no confidence in Father being able to deliver them out of Sennacherib’s hand.
How will all this turn out? We’ll find out in our next Chapter, it’s sure to get interesting that’s for sure.
This Bible Study was written by Scott Reis and is provided in order to be used as a private Bible Study Tool. Therefore, it may be copied in whole or in part and shared for private Bible Study; however, it may not be reproduced and published as an original work.