|* II Kings 12
II Kings 11 brought us Ath-al-yaw'-hoo (Athaliah) murdering all her grandsons in order for her to sit on the throne and rule over the House of Judah. This happened right after Jehu had killed her son Akh-az-yaw'-hoo (Ahaziah) while he was up in Israel visiting with his uncle, king Joram of the House of Israel, who had returned to the summer palace in Jezreel in order to be healed of his wounds sustained at the hands of the Syrians while he was engaging Hazael, the Syrian king in battle. Father had told Elisha to send somebody to Jehu and anoint him the next king of the House of Israel, for him to slay Jezebel, her son Joram, and all the seed-line of Ahab for all the wickedness they brought to and upon the House of Israel.
Ath-al-yaw'-hoo's attempt at usurpation of the throne lasted for seven years. If you'll recall, when she found out her son was killed by Jehu, she in turn murdered all her grandsons; however, Yeh-ho-sheh-bah' (Jehosheba), wife of Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' (Jehoiada) the High Priest in Judah found out what she was doing and stole away Ath-al-yaw'-hoo's youngest grandson,—the one year old Yo-awsh'—and hid him, along with his nurse until the coast was clear, and then turned him over to her husband to hide out in the Temple of Father YHVH for safe-keeping until the boy was ready to take the throne of the House of Judah. Again, that was seven years previous, and then in his seventh year, Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' had gathered all the Priests and Military Guards that he could trust, brought them all into the Temple, made them swear an oath of secrecy, and then introduced them to their king. Once introduced, they watched over and protected the young boy as he went about his daily business until the time was right, then Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' again gathered both the Priests and Military guards together at the Temple, called all the People of Judah into the Temple Court Yard, anointed young Yo-awsh', set his crown upon his head, gave him a copy of the Testimony, and made him king of the House of Judah. Once all the formalities were complete, all the People shouted for joy, clapped their hands, blew with the trumpets and said "YHVH save the king."
When Ath-al-yaw'-hoo heard all the commotion, she went to the Temple to find out why everybody was at the Temple of YHVH as; she, her husband king Yeh-ho-rawm' (Jehoram) and their sons had several years earlier removed all the dedicated things to Father from His Temple, built a temple to baal and placed Father's dedicated things in it; so, she knew nobody should have been in Father's Temple, if they were there was going to be hell to pay, and she was just the one to dole out that hell. Upon her arrival at the Temple, she discovered a multitude of People and had to fight her way into the center to find out who was leading this unauthorized assembly. Also upon her arrival at the center and finding out who was leading it, she discovered—much to her surprise—that she had missed one of her grandsons in her quest to destroy all rightful heirs to the throne as; there stood young Yo-awsh' in his royal robes, his crown on his head, and sceptre in hand, surrounded and protected by both Levitical and Military Guards. Ath-al-yaw'-hoo's chin hit the floor and all she could muster was "treason, treason;" or, "keh'-sher, keh-sher" in the Hebrew tongue; meaning, "conspiracy, conspiracy." In reality, it was she who committed conspiracy when she murdered all her other grandsons in order for her to sit on the throne and rule over Judah.
Now that Ath-al-yaw'-hoo has been made aware of her grandson and his rightful rule, there is but one thing left for the usurper queen, death. So, Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' has her escorted from Father's Temple, taken to the horse stables at the king's palace and killed there in order to not spill her blood in Father's House. This then brings us current and ready to begin our study here of II Kings 12:
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: "Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You O LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your understanding of Your Word, we seek Your knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen."
I Kings 12:16-II Kings 25:30 THE KINGDOM. Divided.
(covering a period of 444 years: viz. 921-477 B.C.).
I Kings 12:16-II Kings 25:30 THE KINGDON. Divided. (Introversion and Repeated Alternation.)
II Kings 11:1-12:21 JUDAH. (Division.)
11:17-12:21 JOASH. (Introversion.)
12:1 Joash. Accession.
II Kings 12:1 In the seventh year of Jehu (YHVH (is) He; or, the living) Jehoash (YHVH fired; or, given by YHVH) began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace). And his mother's name was Zibiah (Tsib-yaw') (female gazelle; or, roe) of Beer-sheba, (well of the oath). -> Jehu has been king over the House of Israel for seven years and now young seven year Yo-awsh', whose mother is Zibiah from Beer-sheba, wife of Akh-az-yaw'-hoo (Ahaziah), Ath-al-yaw'-hoo and Yeh-ho-rawm's (Jehoram) son, is beginning his rule over the House of Judah, and he will reign for forty years, much like the first three kings of the House of Israel: Saul, David and Solomon, a decent time to remain on the throne.
Jehu=“The founder of the fifth dynasty of the kingdom of Israel, son of Jehoshaphat II Kings 9:2. He reigned over Israel 28 years. His first appearance in history is when he heard the warning of Elijah against the murderer of Naboth II Kings 9:25. In the reigns of Ahaziah and Jehoram, Jehu rose to importance. He was, under the last-named king, captain of the host in the siege of Ramoth-gilead. During this siege he was anointed by Elisha's servant, and told that he was appointed to be king of Israel and destroyer of the house of Ahab II Kings 9:12. The army at once ordained him king, and he set off full speed for Jezreel. Jehoram, who was lying ill in Jezreel, came out to meet him, as it happened on the fatal field of Naboth II Kings 9:21-24. Jehu seized his opportunity, and shot him through the heart II Kings 9:24. Jehu himself advanced to the gates of Jezreel and fulfilled the divine warning on Jezebel as already on Jehoram. He then entered on a work of extermination hitherto unparalleled in the history of the Jewish monarchy. All the descendants of Ahab that remained in Jezreel, together with the officers of the court and the hierarchy of Eastward, were swept away. His next step was to secure Samaria. For the pretended purpose of inaugurating anew the worship of Baal, he called all the Bailouts together at Samaria. The vast temple raised by Ahab I Kings 16:32, was crowded from end to end. The chief sacrifice was offered, as if in the excess of his zeal, by Jehu himself. As soon as it was ascertained that all, and none but, the idolaters were there, the signal was given to eighty trusted guards, and sweeping massacre removed at one blow the whole heathen population of the kingdom of Israel. This is the last public act recorded of Jehu. The remaining twenty-seven years of his long reign are passed over in a few words, in which two points only are material: --He did not destroy the calf-worship of Jeroboam:-- The transjordanic tribes suffered much from the ravages of Hazael II Kings 10:29-33. He was buried in state in Samaria, and was succeeded by his son Jehoahaz II Kings 10:35. His name is the first of the Israelite kings which appears in the Assyrian monuments.”.
Jehoash=“The uncontracted form of Joash. The eighth king of Judah; son of Ahaziah II Kings 11:21; 12:1,2,4,6,7,18; 14:13) [JOASH, 1].”. See below in verse 12:20 for the uncontracted form, i.e. Yo-awsh.
Jerusalem=The description of Jerusalem in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Jerusalem.
Zibiah=“A native of Beersheba and mother of King Joash II Kings 12:1; II Chronicles 24:1.”.
Beer-sheba=“The name of one of the old places in Palestine which formed the southern limit of the country. There are two accounts of the origin of the name. According to the first, the well was dug by Abraham, and the name given to Judah Joshua 15:28, and then to Simeon Joshua 19:2; I Chronicles 4:28. In the often-quoted "from Dan even unto Beersheba" Judges 20:1, it represents the southern boundary of Canaan, as Dan the northern. In the time of Jerome it was still a considerable place, and still retains its ancient name -- Bir es-Seba. There are at present on the spot two principal wells and five smaller ones. The two principal wells are on or close to the northern bank of the Wady es-Seba . The larger of the two, which lies to the east, is, according to Dr. Robinson, 12 1/2 feet in diameter, and at the time of his visit (April 12) was 44 1/2 feet to the surface of the water. The masonry which encloses the well extends downward 28 1/2 feet. The other well Isaiah 5 feet in diameter, and was 42 feet to the water. The curb-stones around the mouth of both wells are worn into deep grooves by the action of the ropes of so many centures. These wells are in constant use today. The five lesser wells are in a group in the bed of the wady. On some low hills north of the large wells are scattered the foundations and ruins of a town of moderate size.”.
12:2 Personal. Well-doing.
II Kings 12:2 And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada (YHVH-known; or, YHVH-knows) the priest instructed him. -> Did you catch and\or notice the caveat, "all his days wherein Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' the Priest instructed him"? In other words, young Yo-awsh' was righteous and followed the Commandments, Judgments, Laws, Ordinances, and Statutes of Father, so long his counselor and mentor—who also happened to be his uncle—was leading and guiding him, put another way, he needed policing as; he was unable to stay on track without somebody looking over his shoulder and holding his hand to the fire. Much like many people,—Christians included—as they drive their cars, and do other things in their daily lives today. However, left to his own devices, young Yo-awsh' succumbed to external influences, and other peoples evil doings; again, like many people today.
Jehoiada=“High priest at the time of Athaliah's usurpation of the throne of Judah, and during the greater portion of the forty-years reign of Joash. He married Jehosheba; and when Athaliah slew all the seed royal to Judah after Ahaziah had been put to death by Jehu, he and his wife stole Joash from among the king's sons and hid him for six years in the temple, and eventually replaced him on the throne of his ancestors. [ATHALIAH] The destruction of Baal-worship and the restoration of the temple were among the great works effected by Jehoiada.”.
12:3 Personal. Well-doing.
II Kings 12:3 But the high places were not taken away: the People still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places. -> Though the Baal temple in Jerusalem has been destroyed, the people still had their private little altars where they went to burn incense to their false gods as; it still was not pleasing to the people to go into the temple. See, since Solomon had built Father’s Temple some 140 years previous, the structure had not been maintained and was therefore, falling apart. It was an old structure, and all the original gold and beautiful dedicated things to Father were now either gone; or, aged to a point of needing restoration. Therefore, the people found it more to their liking to go to their own little private places and burn their incense, and worship in their ways which made them "feel good." These high places were some of those, and were nothing more than elevated altars which the people had erected to baal and were used for the idolatrous worship to the same—though yes, some of the people, such as Solomon, did worship Father YHVH at these high places; however, that was an illegal worship practice\service as Father never said to worship Him at a high place—and what the people did during their idolatrous worship services was, very similar to how Father wanted to be worshiped: by offering burnt offerings. Brethren, we have to research this as; again, Father wanted and directed how His Offerings were to be made, and the people around Israel who were worshiping false gods tried to copycat how Father wanted His Children to worship Him. When used properly, the Burnt Offering was known in the Hebrew tongue as: the Olah, which means to "ascend," in other words, the smoke, and hence the smell of the animal sacrificed ascended up to Father and the aroma was sweet and pleasing to Him. However, when used in idolatrous worship to other, false gods, the burnt offering was known in the Hebrew tongue as: H5766 - עלה עולה עולה עול עול, - ‛evel, ‛âvel, ‛avlâh, ‛ôlâh, or ‛ôlâh, pronounced - eh'-vel, aw'-vel, av-law', o-law', o-law', and means: From H5765; (moral) evil: - iniquity, perverseness, unjust (-ly), unrighteousness (-ly), wicked (-ness).". Once you make a conversion to the things away from Father, it’s hard to throw out all those private personal traditions and set aside those things that were of the “traditions of man.” This is even common to this day as; when a person receives Christ through their belief and repentance in Jesus name; sadly, they still want to hold on to those little things that remind them of the family good times.
The high places=Sadly, the high places will not be abolished until the fifth king from now, king Hezekiah; and then even after he does abolish them. Manasseh—another future king of Judah—will re-erect them, before Josiah—who was prophesied of by Jeroboam back in I Kings 13:2 some 360 years before Josiah's birth—finally again destroys them until the people of the House of Judah are taken captive by the Babylonians.
12:4-15 Ecclesiastical. Reform.
12:4-15 ECCLESTASTICAL. REFORM. (Alternation.)
12:4 Money. Command.
II Kings 12:4 And Jehoash said to the priests, “All the money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of the LORD, even the money of every one that passeth the account, the money that every man is set at, and all the money that cometh into any man's heart to bring into the house of the LORD, -> All the money of the dedicated things....is set at=What Yeh-ho-awsh' is referencing here are the sacred things, or the "estimation" which is found in and can be read of in Leviticus 27:2-8; whereas, the ...all the money that cometh into a man's heart... "cometh" is our key word here and in the Hebrew tongue it is Hebrew word H5927, - עלה, - ‛âlâh, meaning "to offer up," and are the "Free-Will" Offerings of money as, you couldn't\wouldn't want to "burn" the money brought in dedicated to Father."
12:5 Money. Command.
II Kings 12:5 Let the priests take it to them, every man of his acquaintance: and let them repair the breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found.” -> As I said in my commentary in verse v12:3 above, the Temple at this point in time was some 140 years old and had fallen into disrepair. There were some major holes in some of the walls, some were caused by age; though, some had been caused by Yeh-ho-rawm' (Jehoram), Ath-al-yaw'-hoo (Athaliah), and their sons when they came to steal the dedicated things to Father, and put them in the temple they made to baal. They hadn't cared what damage they did in Father's House as; they didn't care anything about Him. However, since the time that Yeh-ho-sheh-bah (Jehosheba) had taken young Yo-awsh (Joash) when he was only a year old, and then given him to her husband Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' (Jehoiada), who then put him in the Temple and raised him there until he was seven years old. This was the "boyhood home" that Yo-awsh knew, and now that he is older, he wants to see it restored; and therefore, is going to see it through to its completion.
II Kings 12:6 But it was so, that in the three and twentieth year of king Jehoash the priests had not repaired the breaches of the house. -> We don't know as; Father's Word doesn't say in what year of young Yo-awsh's reign that he told Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' and the Priests to begin the repairs of Father's house; but, it is now in Yo-awsh's twenty third year, and to date, nothing has even begun; therefore, he begins inquiring of the Priests as to why they had not yet even started repairing Father's house?
12:7-10 Money. Obedience.
II Kings 12:7 Then king Jehoash called for Jehoiada the priest, and the other priests, and said unto them, “Why repair ye not the breaches of the house? now therefore receive no more money of your acquaintance, but deliver it for the breaches of the house.” -> Yo-awsh' called Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' and the rest of the Priests to him, and asks why they hadn't fulfilled his command to repair the holes in the walls of Father's house, or affixed any of the other repairs which needed done, and then tells them that since they had not done anything which he had commanded them to do, they were therefore now commanded to take any and all monies which have come into Father's house as an Offering—remember, in Numbers 18 Father gave and allowed the Priests to keep this money dedicated to Him as; He had given them no inheritance of land—and now use that money to repair Father's house.
II Kings 12:8 And the priests consented to receive no more money of the people, neither to repair the breaches of the house. -> Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw'—and I truly don't know if I understand the "why" behind this move of him as; he was a good Priest and Chief Priest, I could understand it, if it was the "other" Priests as; some of them as we know were the kenites who had been assigned to the Priests and taken over the priesthood as can be read in Joshua 9 and then in I Chronicles 2:55—anyway, Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' tells Yo-awsh' that he agreed to not receive any more of the money from verse v12:4 above, and since they are no longer getting that money, they'll no more attempt any repairs on Father's house. However, as we'll see in the next verse, Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' will set-up a "collection plate" by way of a chest, for the people to donate to the restoration of Father's house.
II Kings 12:9 But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one cometh into the house of the LORD: and the priests that kept the door put therein all the money that was brought into the house of the LORD. -> There is a slight bit of disparity between this verse and what is written in II Chronicles 24; so, let's read what it says in II Chronicles 24: II Chronicles 24:8 And at the king's commandment they made a chest, and set it without at the gate of the house of the LORD. -> So, according to the Book of the Kings here, it was the High Priest Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw's idea to put out a chest,—right there by the altar—to collect the offerings; but, as we're reading here in II Chronicles 24:8 it was king Yo-awsh's idea to put out a chest; only, Yo-awsh's chest was put by the gate in the Court Yard, so that, as the people came to Father's house, they could put their offerings in that chest. [24:9] And they made a proclamation through Judah and Jerusalem, to bring in to the LORD the collection that Moses the servant of God laid upon Israel in the wilderness. -> We read beginning in Exodus 25 that Father told Moses to tell the People that they were to bring to him certain items of gold, silver and forthwith in order to make the sanctuary and items to go therein: Exodus 25:2 "Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring Me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take My offering. [25:3] And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass, [25:4] And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair, [25:5] And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood, [25:6] Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense, [25:7] Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate. [25:8] And let them make Me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. -> That was over 750 years ago and through those many years, through both the willful and not so willful plundering of the Treasury and dedicated things in Father's Temple, all those dedicated items are now gone, and therefore, it is time to restore the Temple, and then fashion and fabricate the candlesticks, utensils of spoons, bowls and the like to be used in the Service to Father in His Temple. [24:10] And all the princes and all the people rejoiced, and brought in, and cast into the chest, until they had made an end. -> Everybody was joyous—at least at this point in time—that Father's house was going to be restored and worship services to Him were again going to commence.
II Kings 12:10 And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king's scribe and the high priest came up, and they put up in bags, and told the money that was found in the house of the LORD. -> So, the two chests have been set out and, again, at present, the People are giving with a joyful and willing heart as; Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’ and the Priests have made it well known what the money in the chests was going to be used for. The People now knew that their king Yo-awsh’ had ordered the Temple to be restored; and when there is a goal to be met, people are much more willing to open their purses and give. Remember though, that even while they are opening their purses and giving their “Freewill” Offerings to Father here, they were also still going over on the mount of Olives to their high places to make illegal sacrifices to Father.
II Kings 12:11 And they gave the money, being told, into the hands of them that did the work, that had the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they laid it out to the carpenters and builders, that wrought upon the house of the LORD, -> When the scribe and the priest who were over the treasuries emptied the chests and counted the money in Yo-awsh' and Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw's presence, they then returned the chests so the People could offer more, they did this every day. When it appeared that the People had offered as much they had wanted to offer; then, Yo-awsh’ and Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’ hired both masons and carpenters, and also bought large pieces of timber, for the repair of the temple.
Being told=In other words, being weighed or balanced.
II Kings 12:12 And to masons, and hewers of stone, and to buy timber and hewed stone to repair the breaches of the house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it. -> So, everything is all set: the masons and stone cutters have been hired and paid, and the materials have also been bought and paid for, now it's time to begin the repairs.
II Kings 12:13 Howbeit there were not made for the house of the LORD bowls of silver, snuffers, basons, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the house of the LORD: -> Once they ensured there was enough monies to pay for all the required repairs, then it was time to see about replacing all the items used in the worship service which had been removed by Yeh-ho-rawm', Ath-al-yaw'-hoo and their sons, and taken and placed in the house of baal.
We read in the parallel Chapter in II Chronicles 24:13-14 that once the repairs to Father's house were completed—perfected, set in his state and strengthened—then, and only then, did they begin to make all the gold and silver items which were to be used in the worship service.
II Kings 12:14 But they gave that to the workmen, and repaired therewith the house of the LORD. -> This is just saying that everything was bought and paid for, and the oversight of the handling of the monies was all was very strict. As we read in verse v12:10 above, the king's scribe and Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' were both overseeing it all. In other words, there were two witnesses on hand whenever the Temple funds were being handled. We'll see in the next verse though, that the workers were trustworthy enough that the oversight of them wasn't and didn't need to be as strict.
II Kings 12:15 Moreover they reckoned not with the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on workmen: for they dealt faithfully. -> Check out this word "reckoned" in your Strong's brethren, it is Hebrew word number: H2803, - חשׁב, - châshab, pronounced - khaw-shab', and means: to contrive, regard, or make an accounting of; so, what this is saying is, that, the workers they hired were trustworthy enough that once they paid them, they didn't need to worry as to whether they were being ripped-off.
II Kings 12:16 The trespass money and sin money was not brought into the house of the LORD: it was the priests'. -> We can read of the laws for the “sin” and “trespass” offerings in Leviticus 6 and 7; though, there, Father is describing what to do with the animal sacrifice. Here, Father is talking concerning monies, and in both cases, the Priests get to keep, either the animal to eat; or, again, in this case the money to use to raise their families. The sin offering was given when an individual committed a specific sin, then the priest would judge that sin, and the law spelled out what would be given for forgiveness of that sin. The sin money was not to be brought into the Temple in the first place.
The lesson that we can derive from this chapter is that we are responsible for those things that Father places in our hands. When that gift or money is misused it will be taken from us and placed in the hands of those who can handle it properly. For the last fifteen years or so during the reigns of Yeh-ho-rawm’, his son Akh-az-yaw’-hoo’, and then Ath-al-yaw’-hoo’, and also because of them, the Priests and the people had grown lax in regards to anything to do with Father, and now as well, for the past twenty-three years that Yo-awsh’ has sat on the throne and told Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’ to begin restoring Father’s Temple, Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’ hasn’t done anything but collect the money. So, now young Yo-awsh’ has said, enough is enough, put his foot down while at the same time nailing shut Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’s money chest and will now give directly to those doing the job, i.e., the builders who could be trusted.
You have to start somewhere. Faith is great, however, you have to go ahead and have the faith that God will provide the money, or conditions that will allow you to get the job done. This Temple structure was the foundation of the worship services of that day, however today our foundation is not in any building, but in Jesus Christ. He is the only foundation that we can build our spiritual house on, for all other structures are just sinking sand.
12:17 Political. Invasion.
II Kings 12:17 Then Hazael (YAH has seen; or, whom YAH sees) king of Syria (the highland) went up, and fought against Gath (a wine press), and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem. -> Hazael is doing some serious movements with his military, brethren, as; Syria was to the extreme north of the northern territories of the Ten Tribes of Israel. For him and his army to get to Gath, which lay on the western side of Jerusalem, south of Samaria, in the territory of Judah, they first had to come down through all of those northern territories—fighting his way through, as the Israelites had not allowed him\them to traverse their lands unhindered. Remember, we read of Joram and his nephew Ahaziah fighting against Hazael at Ramoth-gilead in chapters II Kings 8 and II Kings 9, whereby Joram was wounded and had to return to Jezreel to be healed of those wounds, we later read in II Kings 10 that Father then began to cut Israel short and used Hazael then smite Israel in all their coasts—then, once he and his army conquered Gath, Hazael turned his sights onto Yo-awsh' and Jerusalem. This was all part of Father's punishment against Yo-awsh' for his turning away from Father.
There is a whole lot of information left out of what is written here in the Kings. I'm talking a major gap, so, let's turn to The Book of Chronicles to read what happened: II Chronicles 24:15 But Jehoiada waxed old, and was full of days when he died; an hundred and thirty years old was he when he died. -> The entire time since his wife Yeh-ho-sheh’-bah had brought the baby Yo-awsh’ to him, Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw had changed and again began to follow the ways of Father and raised the boy king to do the same, and he did so; as stated in verse v12:2 of II Kings 12 states. However, what is not mentioned in the kings is that Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw had grown old and has passed and returned Home to Father, and as we’re about to read, since he had, Yo-awsh’ has left off from following the ways of Father, he has completely forsaken Him. [24:16] And they buried him in the city of David among the kings, because he had done good in Israel, both toward God, and toward his house. -> Yes, Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’ while under the thumb of Yeh-ho-rawm’, Akh-az-yaw’-hoo, and Ath-al-yaw’-hoo moved away from Father; though, again, once the young boy was brought to him by his wife, he quickly returned to Father and sought Him and sought to please Him. Therefore, when he did return Home to Father, Yo-awsh’ and the Priests and the People buried him amongst the kings. This will be an honor refused to Yo-awsh’, who will not be buried amongst the king of Israel. [24:17] Now after the death of Jehoiada came the princes of Judah, and made obeisance to the king. Then the king hearkened unto them. -> This obeisance by the princes to Yo-awsh’ was not to truly show respect to and for their king, it was to curry favor from him and get his consent to return to their old ways of idolatry, i.e., to go back to the grove worship, you know, they wanted to go back and begin their orgies again. [24:18] And they left the house of the LORD God of their fathers, and served groves and idols: and wrath came upon Judah and Jerusalem for this their trespass. -> Father wasn’t pleased that Yo-awsh’ consented and caved to the will of the people. He was king, he was now older, at least in his thirties, and he knew better and should have told the people to go pound sand, that if they wanted to serve other false gods, it would not be in his kingdom. [24:19] Yet He sent prophets to them, to bring them again unto the LORD; and they testified against them: but they would not give ear. -> Time and again, Father sent prophet after prophet to Judah in order to try and get the people to turn back to Him; but, time and time again, the people told Father’s prophets to go take a flying leap, that it was too fun having their orgies for them to stop. Testified against them Dr. Bullinger has a wonderful note in his Companion Bible concerning this phrase: “The Vulgate (the Latin version of the Bible) reads: quos protestantes = who in protesting against them. Thus the first instance of the word “Protestant” is found in the Vulgate, and not in the history of the Reformation. “Pro”=For and “Testans”=Witnessing, is positive, not negative. It denotes a witnessing for God, and His Truth, not merely against it.”. [24:20] And the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, which stood above the People, and said unto them, “Thus saith God, ‘Why transgress ye the commandments of the LORD, that ye cannot prosper? because ye have forsaken the LORD, he hath also forsaken you.’ ” -> Not a good position to be in brethren, I would never want Father to forsake me the way He is about to forsake these people. Much is said in this verse brethren, much. Zechariah son of Jehoiada=Though here in II Chronicles 24 Zechariah is identified as the son of Jehoiada, we find in the New Testament, in The Gospel of Matthew, our LORD Jesus identifies him a little differently, remember, this is Jesus speaking: Matthew 23:35 That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. -> So, we see that Jesus identifies Zechariah as the son of Barachias. Don't be alarmed as; there really is no difference, think of Richard and Dick, same name, same person, just different Pronouns; therefore, we see there isn’t any error or contradiction in Father’s Word. However, since it was Jesus who was identifying “who” it was who killed Zechariah, we now know who had taken over the people and why they wanted to go back to their orgies, it was the kenites. [24:21] And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at the commandment of the king in the court of the house of the LORD. -> What happened? When Zechariah witnessed and testified for Father and His righteousness, and against them and their evilness, they stoned him to death at the commandment of Yo-awsh’. What a fine way for Yo-awsh’ and his “new” friends to repay Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’ and all he did in saving the young boy's life from his grandmother, Ath-al-yaw’-hoo. Zechariah was one of 9 people stoned to death in Father’s Word. [24:22] Thus Joash the king remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada his father had done to him, but slew his son. And when he died, he said, The LORD look upon it, and require it. -> As they were stoning Zechariah, just before he died and returned Home to Father, he looked at Yo-awsh’ and stated, “YHVH look upon this and require it.” Jesus goes just a little bit further in His telling of them in The Gospel of Luke where He leaves no doubt as to “who” they are: Luke 11:45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, “Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also.” -> These “lawyers” are the supposed “teachers of the ‘Law,’” in other words they are indeed the kenites who had taken over the Priesthood; and notice, as always, they're contending with Him, but He knows “who” they are and is about to completely identify them. [11:46] And He said, “Woe unto you also, ye lawyers! for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers. -> Grievous=Jesus is referencing the numerous percepts of the “oral law” that these kenites have burdened our forefathers with, and which is now a part of the Talmud (the body of Jewish civil and ceremonial law and legend comprising the Mishnah and the Gemara. There are two versions of the Talmud: the Babylonian Talmud (which dates from the 5th century AD but includes earlier material) and the earlier Palestinian or Jerusalem Talmud.). [11:47] Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. -> Yep, they had, and even up to His time were building the tombs for Father’s Prophets, and then killed those same Prophets, including Himself Who was no prophet. [11:48] Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres. -> He is about to tell them that they will pay for all their murders; both, physical and Spiritual. [11:49] Therefore also said the Wisdom of God, ‘I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute: -> Slay they did, from Abel to Zechariah, to Jesus—Father in the flesh—Himself. [11:50] That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation;’ -> Foundation of the world=Check out this word in your Strong’s Concordance brethren, it is Greek word number: G2602, - καταβολή - katabolē, pronounced - kat-ab-ol-ay', and means: From the overthrow of satan at the end of the First Earth Age and when Father rejuvenated His earth and brought about this current Age of flesh man. So, what Jesus just told these kenites is that all the blood they shed will be required of the entire seed-line “generation,” check it out also in your Strong’s, it is Greek word number: G1074, - γενεά, - genea, pronounced - ghen-eh-ah', and means: From (a presumed derivative of) G1085; so, let’s check out G1085: G1085, - γένος, - genos, pronounced - ghen'-os, and means: Kin, offspring, for further verification check out Genesis 5:1; Genesis 6:9 and Genesis 10:1; we’ll take Genesis 5:1: Genesis 5:1 This is THE BOOK OF THE GENERATIONS OF ADAM. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him; -> The Chapter then goes on to give Adam’s genealogy, his seed-line, his blood-line, his offspring. [11:51] From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation. -> Again, Jesus is telling them that their entire seed-line will pay for all the blood they shed, including His. Sharpen up for me as; it’s about to get interesting [11:52] Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.” -> What is this “Key of Knowledge” that these kenites have taken away? We find our answer to that in Revelation 3:7: Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith He That is Holy, He That is True, he that hath the key of David, He That openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth; Skip down to verse v3:9: Revelation 3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee. -> The “Key of David” is the knowledge—which the kenites have taken away, and tried to hide from all of Father’s Children—of who they are. Their seed-line goes all the way back to Cain, the son of satan and Eve, from when he seduced—beguiled—her in the Garden of Eden. It was he who was the first murderer—pointed out by Jesus in John 8:44—and slew his half, or step-brother—the son of Adam and Eve—Abel, and they have been hiding amongst our forefathers and killing Father’s prophets ever since. This is why as we’re reading here in II Kings 12 we're reading what we’re reading; Yo-awsh' killing—at the demand of the kenites—Father's Prophet Zechariah.
Hazael=“A king of Damascus who reigned from about B.C. 886 to B.C. 840. He appears to have been previously a person in a high position at the court of Ben-hadad, and was sent by his master to Elisha to inquire if he would recover from the malady under which he was suffering. Elisha's answer led to the murder of Ben-hadad by his ambitious servant, who forthwith mounted the throne -15. He was soon engaged in war with the kings of Judah and Israel for the possession of the city of Ramoth-gilead. Ibid II Kings 8:28. Towards the close of the reign of Jehu, Hazael led the Syrians against the Israelites, whom he "smote in all their coasts" II Kings 10:32, thus accomplishing the prophecy of Elisha. Ibid II Kings 8:12. At the close of his life, having taken Gath, ibid II Kings 12:17 with which we can compare with Amos 6:2. He proceeded to attack Jerusalem II Chronicles 24:24, and was about to assault the city when Joash bribed him to retire II Kings 12:18. Hazael appears to have died about the year B.C. 840 II Kings 13:24, having reigned forty-six years.”.
Syria=“Is the term used throughout our version for the Hebrew Aram , as well as for the Greek Zupia . Most probably Syria is for Tsyria, the country about Tsur or Tyre which was the first of the Syrian towns known to the Greeks. It is difficult to fix the limits of Syria. The limits of the Hebrew Aram and its subdivisions are spoken of under ARAM. Syria proper was bounded by Amanus and Taurus on the north by the Euphrates and the Arabian desert on the east, by Palestine on the south, by the Mediterranean near the mouth of the Orontes, and then by Phoenicia on the west. This tract is about 300 miles long from north to south, and from 50 to 150 miles broad. It contains an area of about 30,000 square miles. General physical features. --The general character of the tract is mountainous, as the Hebrew name Aram (from a roof signifying "height") sufficiently implies. The most fertile and valuable tract of Syria is the long valley intervening between Libanus and Anti-Libanus. Of the various mountain ranges of Syria, Lebanon possesses the greatest interest. It extends from the mouth of the Litany to Arka, a distance of nearly 100 miles. Anti-Libanus, as the name implies, stands lover against Lebanon, running in the same direction, i.e. nearly north and south, and extending the same length. [LEBANON] The principal rivers of Syria are the Litany and the Orontes. The Litany springs from a small lake situated in the middle of the Coele-Syrian valley, about six miles to the southwest of Baalbek. It enters the sea about five miles north of Tyre. The source of the Orontes is but about 15 miles from that of the Litany. Its modern name is the Nahr-el-Asi, or "rebel stream," an appellation given to it on account of its violence and impetuosity in many parts of its course. The chief towns of Syria may be thus arranged, as nearly as possible in the order of their importance: 1, Antioch; 2, Damascus; 3, Apamea; 4, Seleucia; 5, Tadmor or Palmyra; 6, Laodicea; 7, Epiphania (Hamath); 8, Samosata; 9, Hierapolis (Mabug); 10, Chalybon; 11, Emesa; 12, Heliopolis; 13, Laodicea ad Libanum; 14, Cyrrhus; 15, Chalcis; 16, Poseideum; 17, Heraclea; 18, Gindarus; 19, Zeugma; 20, Thapsacus. Of these, Samosata, Zeugma and Thapsacus are on the Euphrates; Seleucia, Laodicea, Poseideum and Heraclea, on the seashore, Antioch, Apamea, Epiphania and Emesa ( Hems ), on the Orontes; Heliopolis and Laodicea ad Libanum, in Coele-Syria; Hierapolis, Chalybon, Cyrrhus, Chalcis and Gindarns, in the northern highlands; Damascus on the skirts, and Palmyra in the centre, of the eastern desert. History. --The first occupants of Syria appear to have been of Hamitic descent --Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, etc. After a while the first comers, who were still to a great extent nomads, received a Semitic infusion, while most Probably came to them from the southeast. The only Syrian town whose existence we find distinctly marked at this time is Damascus Genesis 14:15; 15:2, which appears to have been already a place of some importance. Next to Damascus must be placed Hamath Numbers 13:21; 34:8. Syria at this time, and for many centuries afterward, seems to have been broken up among a number of petty kingdoms. The Jews first come into hostile contact with the Syrians, under that name, in the time of David Genesis 15:18; II Samuel 8:3,4,13. When, a few years later, the Ammonites determined on engaging in a war with David, and applied to the Syrians for aid, Zolah, together with Beth-rehob sent them 20,000 footmen, and two other Syrian kingdoms furnished 13,000 II Samuel 10:6. This army being completely defeated by Joab, Hadadezer obtained aid from Mesopotamia, ibid. ver. 16, and tried the chance of a third battle, which likewise went against him, and produced the general submission of Syria to the Jewish monarch. The submission thus begun continued under the reign of Solomon I Kings 4:21. The only part of Syria which Solomon lost seems to have been Damascus, where an independent kingdom was set up by Rezon, a native of Zobah I Kings 11:23-25. On the separation of the two kingdoms, soon after the accession of Rehoboam, the remainder of Syria no doubt shook off the yoke. Damascus now became decidedly the leading state, Hamath being second to it, and the northern Hittites, whose capital was Carchemish, near Bambuk , third. [DAMASCUS] Syria became attached to the great Assyrian empire, from which it passed to the Babylonians, and from them to the Persians, In B.C. 333 it submitted to Alexander without a struggle. Upon the death of Alexander, Syria became, for the first time the head of a great kingdom. On the division of the provinces among his generals, B.C. 321, Seleucus Nicator received Mesopotamia and Syria. The city of Antioch was begun in B.C. 300, and, being finished in a few years, was made the capital of Seleucus' kingdom. The country grew rich with the wealth which now flowed into it on all sides. Syria was added to the Roman empire by Pompey, B.C. 64, and as it holds an important place, not only in the Old Testament but in the New, some account of its condition under the Romans must be given. While the country generally was formed into a Roman province, under governors who were at first proprietors or quaestors, then procounsuls, and finally legates, there were exempted from the direct rule of the governor in the first place, a number of "free cities" which retained the administration of their own affairs, subject to a tribute levied according to the Roman principles of taxation; secondly, a number of tracts, which were assigned to petty princes, commonly natives, to be ruled at their pleasure, subject to the same obligations with the free cities as to taxation. After the formal division of the provinces between Augustus and the senate, Syria, being from its exposed situation among the province principis, were ruled by legates, who were of consular rank (consulares) and bore severally the full title of "Legatus Augusti pro praetore." Judea occupied a peculiar position; a special procurator was therefore appointed to rule it, who was subordinate to the governor of Syria, but within his own province had the power of a legatus. Syria continued without serious disturbance from the expulsion of the Parthians, B.C. 38, to the breaking out of the Jewish war, A.D. 66. in A.D. 44-47 it was the scene of a severe famine. A little earlier, Christianity had begun to spread into it, partly by means of those who "were scattered" at the time of Stephen's persecution Acts 11:19, partly by the exertions of St. Paul Galatians 1:21. The Syrian Church soon grew to be one of the most flourishing Acts 13:1; 15:23, 35, 41 etc. (Syria remained under Roman and Byzantine rule till A.D. 634, when it was overrun by the Mohammedans; after which it was for many years the scene of fierce contests, and was finally subjugated by the Turks, A.D. 1517, under whose rule it still remains. --ED.).”
Gath=“One of the five royal cities of the Philistines Joshua 13:3; I Samuel 6:17; and the native place of the giant Goliath I Samuel 17:4,23. It probably stood upon the conspicuous hill now called Tell-es-Safieh , upon the side of the plain of Philistia, at the foot of the mountains of Judah; 10 miles east of Ashdod, and about the same distance south by east of Ekron. It is irregular in form, and about 200 feet high. Gath occupied a strong position II Chronicles 11:8, on the border of Judah and Philistia I Samuel 21:10; I Chronicles 18:1, and from its strength and resources forming the key of both countries, it was the scene of frequent struggles, and was often captured and recaptured II Kings 12:17; II Chronicles 11:8; 26:6; and Amos 6:2. The ravages of war to which Gath was exposed appear to have destroyed it at a comparatively early period, as it is not mentioned among the other royal cities by the later prophets Zephaniah 2:4; Zechariah 9:5,6. It is familiar to the Bible student as the scene of one of the most romantic incidents in the life of King David I Samuel 21:10-15.”.
12:18 Political. Invasion.
II Kings 12:18 And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat (YHVH judged; or, whom YHVH judges)(yeh-ho-shaw-fawt'), and Jehoram (YHVH raised), and Ahaziah (YAH has seized; or, sustained by YHVH), his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and in the king's house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem. -> As we read in II Chronicles 24, Father was very angry at Yo-awsh' and the kenites for their slaying of His Prophet; and now it's time to "pay the piper" so to speak.
He—Father—sent Hazael—as prophesied by Elisha, do you recall his crying and he was telling Hazael that he would be king of Syria back in II Kings 8:12—as punishment for all the evilness and wickedness that Yo-awsh' and the kenites were wreaking on Judah.
How did Yo-awsh' respond? Did he seek Father, repent and ask for forgiveness? Nope, he relied on himself and man and gold to save him, and he sent that gold to Hazael.
Judah=“When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if not all, of the territory of Simeon I Samuel 27:6; I Kings 19:3, compare with Joshua 19:1 and of Dan II Chronicles 11:10, compare with Joshua 19:41,42. Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim II Chronicles 13:19; 15:8; 17:2. It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. -- The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years. History. -- The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance II Chronicles 16:7, prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan, B.C. 536. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David.”.
Jehoshaphat=“King of Judah, son of Asa, succeeded to the throne when he was 35 years old, and reigned 25 years. His history is to be found among the events recorded in I Kings 15:24; II Kings 8:16 or in a continuous narrative in II Chronicles 17:1; II Chronicles 21:3. He was contemporary with Ahab, Ahaziah and Jehoram. He was one of the best, most pious and prosperous kings of Judah, the greatest since Solomon. At first he strengthened himself against Israel; but soon afterward the two Hebrew kings formed an alliance. In his own kingdom Jehoshaphat ever showed himself a zealous follower of the commandments of God: he tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burnt incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in true morality and religion. Riches and honors increased around him. He received tribute from the Philistines and Arabians, and kept up a large standing army in Jerusalem. It was probably about the 16th year of his reign, when he became Ahab's ally in the great battle of Ramoth-gilead, for which he was severely reproved by Jehu II Chronicles 19:2. He built at Ezion-geber, with the help of Ahaziah, a navy designed to go to Tarshish; but it was wrecked at Ezion-geber. Before the close of his reign he was engaged in two additional wars. He was miraculously delivered from a threatened attack of the people of Ammon, Moab and Seir. After this, perhaps, must be dated the war which Jehoshaphat, in conjunction with Jehoram king of Israel and the king of Edom, carried on against the rebellious king of Moab II Kings 3:1. In his declining years the administration of affairs was placed, in the hands of his son Jehoram.”.
Jehoram=“Eldest son of Jehoshaphat, succeeded his father on the throne of Judah at the age of 32, and reigned eight years, from B.C. 893-2 to 885-4. As soon as he was fixed on the throne, he put his six brothers to death, with many of the chief nobles of the land. He then, probably at the instance of his wife Athaliah the daughter of Ahab, proceeded to establish the worship of Baal. A prophetic writing from the aged prophet Elijah II chronicles 21:12, failed to produce any good effect upon him. The remainder of his reign was a series of calamities. First the Edomites, who had been tributary to Jehoshaphat, revolted from his dominion and established their permanent independence. Next Libnah II Kings 19:8, rebelled against him. Then followed invasion by armed bands of Philistines and of Arabians, who stormed the king's palace, put his wives and all his children, except his youngest son Ahaziah, to death II Chronicles 22:1, or carried them into captivity, and plundered all his treasures. he died of a terrible disease II Chronicles 21:19,20.".
Ahaziah=“Fifth king of Judah, son of Jehoram and Athaliah (daughter of Ahab), and therefore nephew of the preceding Ahaziah, reigned one year. He is Galled AZARIAH in II Chronicles 22:2, probably by a copyist's error, and JEHOAHAZ II Chronicles 21:17. He was 22 years old at his accession II Kings 8:26 (his age 42, in II Chronicles 22:2 Is a copyist's error). Ahaziah was an idolater, and he allied himself with his uncle Jehoram king of Israel against Hazael, the new king of Syria. the two kings were, however defeated at Ramoth, where Jehoram was severely wounded. The revolution carried out in Israel by Jehu under the guidance of Elisha broke out while Ahaziah was visiting his uncle at Jezreel. As Jehu approached the town, Jehoram and Ahaziah went out to meet him; the former was shot through the heart by Jehu, and Ahaziah was pursued and mortally wounded. He died when he reached Megiddo.”.
12:19 Joash. Record.
II Kings 12:19 And the rest of the acts of Joash (to whom Jehovah hastens, i.e. to help) (Yo-awsh'), and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? -> Notice brethren, the Book of Kings doesn't even say that Yo-awsh' died, it just states, "and the rest of the acts of Yo-awsh'..."; so, let's once again turn to The Book of the Chronicles and read—as Paul Harvey used to say, "the rest of the story"—II Chronicles 24:23 And it came to pass at the end of the year, that the host of Syria came up against him: and they came to Judah and Jerusalem, and destroyed all the princes of the People from among the People, and sent all the spoil of them unto the king of Damascus. -> Hazael and his army came up to Jerusalem and killed all of Yo-awsh’s Military Generals, his stewards and rulers, leaving him with nothing; so, he tried to buy his freedom. Oh, it worked in a sense as; yeah, Hazael will allow him to live; however, Father won’t. [24:24] For the army of the Syrians came with a small company of men, and the LORD delivered a very great host into their hand, because they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers. So they executed judgment against Joash. -> Don’t you just love reading Father’s Word come to pass as He prophesied them thousands of years previous? What did Father tell Moses in both Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28—both wonderful reads by the way—that would happen if Israel forsook Him and failed to follow His Commandments, His Judgments, His Laws, His Ordinances, and His Statutes? That He would cause the great host of them to be delivered into the hand of their enemies as is happening here with Yo-awsh’. [24:25] And when they were departed from him, (for they left him in great diseases,) his own servants conspired against him for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest, and slew him on his bed, and he died: and they buried him in the city of David, but they buried him not in the sepulchres of the kings. -> Yo-awsh’s own servants conspired against him for his commandment of death he ordered against Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’s son Zechariah. Remember, Yeh-ho-yaw’-daw’ had been like a father to Yo-awsh since he was one year old, and this was how he repaid his “father.” So, as he lay on his bed in great pain and distress from his wounds that the Syrian army had inflicted upon him, his servants came in and finished him off, killing him. Once dead, they didn’t even bury him with the other kings of Judah as they had Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw'; but, instead, put him out with the remains of the common people.
Sons=Dr. Bullinger in his Companion Bible notes that this is a "synecdoche of genus" meaning that the writers, in trying to emphasize the importance of Zechariah's death, wrote this as plural instead of singular, as; Yeh-ho-yaw'-daw' only had one son. But, also, just as in Genesis 4 when Cain slew Abel and Father asked Cain where his brother was as; "the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto Me from the ground" Father was saying that the voice of all Abel's descendants which he would have had, had lived and had children, were crying out to Father. It's the same here as well as; Yo-awsh's servants killed him for the sons of Zechariah which he didn't get to have because he was dead.
Joash=“Son of Ahaziah king of Judah, and the only one of his children who escaped the murderous hand of Athaliah. After his father's sister Jehoshabeath, the wife of Jehoiada the high priest, had stolen him from among the king's sons, he was hidden for six years in the chambers of the temple. In the seventh year of his age and of his concealment, a successful revolution, conducted by Jehoiada, placed him on the throne of his ancestors, and freed the country from the tyranny and idolatries of Athaliah. For at least twenty-three years, while Jehoiada lived, his reign was very prosperous; but after the death of Jehoiada, Joash fell into the hands of bad advisers, at whose suggestion he revived the worship of Baal and Ashtaroth. When he was rebuked for this by Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada, Joash caused him to be stoned to death in the very court of the Lord's house Matthew 23:25. That very year Hazael king of Syria came up against Jerusalem, and carried off a vast booty as the price of his departure. Joash had scarcely escaped this danger when he fell into another and fatal one. Two of his servants conspired against him and slew him in his bed and in the fortress of Millo. Joash's reign lasted forty years.”.
12:20 Conspiracy of servants. Successful.
II Kings 12:20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo (a rampart [as filled in]; or, filling), which goeth down to Silla (an embankment; or, a highway). -> As Yo-awsh' lay on his death-bed in Millo's house in Silla—a location nobody knows the whereabouts of today—his own servants came in and killed him.
House of Millo=“Apparently a family or clan, mentioned in Judges 9:6,20 only, in connection with the men or lords of Shechem. The spot at which King Joash was murdered by his slaves II Kings 12:20.”.
Silla=““The house of Millo which goeth down to Silla” was the scene of the murder of King Joash II Kings 12:20. What or where Sills was is entirely matter of conjecture. Some have suggested the pool of Siloam.”.
12:21 Conspiracy of servants. Successful.
II Kings 12:21 For Jozachar (YHVH remembered; or, whom YHVH has remembered) (Yo-zaw-kawr') the son of Shimeath (annunciation) (Shim-awth'), and Jehozabad (YHVH endowed; or, whom YHVH gave) (Yeh-ho-zaw-bawd') the son of Shomer (keeper) (Sho-mare', or Sho-mare'), his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah (strength of YAH) (Am-ats-yaw', or Am-ats-yaw'-hoo) his son reigned in his stead. -> Yo-awsh' is now dead and his son Am-ats-yaw'-hoo will begin his reign; he'll have one mention in our next chapter, and then we'll read of him more extensively and thoroughly in II Kings 14.
Jozachar=“One of the murderers of Joash king of Judah II Kings 12:21. The writer of the Chronicles, II Chronicles 24:26 calls him ZABAD. ”.
Shimeath=“An Ammonitess, mother of Jozachar or Zabad, one of the murderers of King Joash II Kings 12:21; II Chronicles 24:26.”.
Jehozabad=“Son of Shomer or Shimrith, a Moabitish woman, who with another conspired against King Joash and slew him in his bed II Kings 12:21; II Chronicles 24:26.”.
Shomer=“The father (mother ?) of Jehozabad who slew King Joash II Kings 12:21. In the parallel passage in II Chronicles 24:26 the name is converted into the feminine form Shimrith, who is further described as a Moabitess. [SHIMRITH].”.
Amaziah=“Son of Joash, and eighth king of Judah II Kings 12:21. He succeeded to the throne at the age of 25, on the murder of his father, and punished the murderers. In order to restore his kingdom to the greatness of Jehoshaphat's days, he made war on the Edomites, defeated them in the Valley of Salt, south of the Dead Sea, and took their capital, Selah or Petra, to which he gave the name of Jokteel, i.e. "God-subdued." Flushed with his success, he challenged Joash king of Israel to battle, but was completely defeated, and himself was taken prisoner and conveyed by Joash to Jerusalem, which opened its gates to the conqueror. Amaziah lived 15 years after the death of Joash; and in the 29th year of his reign was murdered by conspirators at Lachish, whither he had retired from Jerusalem for safety II Chronicles 25:27.”.
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