|* II Kings 9
Much happened in II Kings 8, we discovered that it was a parenthetical chapter, or at least parts of it were as; it opened by going back in time and Elisha going to see the Shunammite woman who Father had performed His 6th and 7th miracles through His prophet Elisha, those being the giving of a son and the restoration of that boy's life when he had died, anyway, Elisha went to see this woman to warn her of the coming famine and tell her to go and find an area to live for the next 7 years. We learned she did so and went to the land of the Philistines, and when the famine was over she returned to her home in Shunem, upon arriving home though, she discovered that somebody had taken possession of and moved into her house. The woman and her family then went to see the king Jehoram to seek relief and as she and her family arrived before the king, behold, Gehazi was there telling the king of some of the miracles Father performed through Elisha, one of those was the restoration of a boy's life, and at the exact moment as he was describing what happened, in walked the woman and her son. So, Jehoram then listened to the woman and did as she requested and sent a messenger to her home telling the occupant to vacate the premises, restoring her house and property to her, and also all the fruits of the field from the day she left until present. With the restoration of the woman's property complete, we return to current chronological time, to the approximate year of 796 BC.
Ahab's son Joram is king of the House of Israel and Jehoshaphat's grandson Ahaziah through his son Jehoram is king of the House of Judah. In reality both Nations are being run by Jezebel; I say this because, her son Joram seeks her counsel, and her daughter Athaliah is the mother of Ahaziah and therefore, she also seeks her mother's counsel and gives input to her son. We read that he—Jehoram—was 32 when he began his reign, and he ruled over Judah for 8 years, until the year 788 BC, when he died and then his son Ahaziah took the throne. We also read in II Kings 8:26 that Ahaziah was 22 years old when he took over the throne of Judah; however, we read in II Chronicles 22:2 that he was 42 years old. The reason for the disparity I believe is because of a copyists error as; as Dr. Bullinger points out in his Companion Bible, in II Kings 8:26 his actual age—22—is given when he began to reign in 790 BC, while his father Jehoram was still sitting as king; however, he was sick of his disease in the bowels. Jehoram was 32 when he began his reign while his father Jehoshaphat was sitting as king; but, he too like his son will do, reigned for 2 years while his father Jehoshaphat was dying after being hit with an arrow between the shoulder blades. That was in 796 BC. Therefore, Jehoram was born in 828 BC, thus Ahaziah his son began his co-regency, establishing his birth year as 812 when his father Jehoram was 16 years old.
Ben-Hadad then sent his servant Hazael to Elisha to ask Father YHVH if he would recover from the sockness that he had, and while Hazael was standing before Hazael Elisha was shown by Father what Hazael would do: Ben-Hadad would recover from his sickness; however, Hazael would then murder him and reign as king of Syria, he would then come and attak the House of Israel and cause great damage. Why would this be? Because it was Father's prophesy for Joram doing like his father before him and serving the golden calves, maintaining the asherah groves and causing the people to whore after false gods and idols. Father's prophesy came to pass, as it always does, Hazael returned to Ben-Hadad and told that Father YHVH through His prophet said that Ben-Hadad "thou should surely recover." Of course, Ben-Hadad was joyful at hearing the news; but, the very next morning as Ben-Hadad lay sleeping, in walked Hazael who took a a thick cloth and dipped it in water, spread it on Ben-Hadad's face and held it there until he died. Hazael then reigned in Ben-Hadad's place.
After a revolt by the Edomites which was quickly put down; sure enough, Hazael came against Joram and the House of Israel. Joram's nephew Ahaziah, Jehoram and Athaliah's son was reigning over the House of Judah at the time and he joined in battle with his uncle against Hazael in Ramoth-gilead, it was there that Joram received grievous wound, so he returned to Jezreel in order to be healed. Ahaziah returned home to Jerusalem; but, then joined his uncle in Jezreel while he was recovering. And that was where the chapter closed.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: "Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You O LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your understanding of Your Word, we seek Your knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen."
8:16—II Kings 9:29 JUDAH (Division.)
8:25—II Kings 9:24 Ahaziah.
8:25—II Kings 9:24 AHAZIAH. (Alternation and Introversion.)
9:1-14 Conspiracy of Jehu.
II Kings 9:1 And Elisha the prophet called one of the children of the prophets, and said unto him, “Gird up thy loins, and take this box of oil in thine hand, and go to Ramoth-gilead (heights of Gilad): -> Ramoth-gilead as we'll read in verse v9:14 below was in the hands of the House of Israel, and king Joram had stationed a small contingent of soldiers there because of Hazael and the Syrian army; and now, Elisha is about to send one of his students—"children of the prophets," this phrase does not mean one of the sons of one of the prophets, it means, one of his students, and we read in other places where they are called sons of the prophets—to Ramoth-gilead on an important mission, that of anointing the man who'll be tasked with going to Jezreel to kill king Joram, finding his brothers in whatever city they are in and slaying them, and then cleaning up the ten northern territories from all their idolatry.
Elisha=“Son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah; the attendant and disciple of Elijan, and subsequently his successor as prophet of the kingdom of Israel. The earliest mention of his name is in the command to Elijah in the cave at Horeb I Kings 19:16-17. Elijah sets forth to obey the command, and comes upon his successor engaged in ploughing. He crosses to him and throws over his shoulders the rough mantle --a token at once of investiture with the prophet's office and of adoption as a son. Elisha delayed merely to give the farewell kiss to his father and mother and preside at a parting feast with his people, and then followed the great prophet on his northward road. We hear nothing more of Elisha for eight years, until the translation of his master, when he reappears, to become the most prominent figure in the history of his country during the rest of his long life. In almost every respect Elisha presents the most complete contrast to Elijah. Elijah was a true Bedouin child of the desert. If he enters a city it is only to deliver his message of fire and be gone. Elisha, on the other hand, is a civilized man, an inhabitant of cities. His dress was the ordinary garment of an Israelite, the begged , probably similar in form to the long abbeyeh of the modern Syrians II Kings 2:12. His hair was worn trimmed behind, in contrast to the disordered locks of Elijah, and he used a walking-staff II Kings 4:29, of the kind ordinarily carried by grave or aged citizens Zechariah 8:4. After the departure of his master, Elisha returned to dwell at Jericho II Kings 2:18, where he miraculously purified the springs. We next meet with Elisha at Bethel, in the heart of the country, on his way from Jericho to Mount Carmel II Kings 2:23. The mocking children, Elisha's curse and the catastrophe which followed are familiar to all. Later he extricates Jehoram king of Israel, and the kings of Judah and Edom, from their difficulty in the campaign against Moab arising from want of water II Kings 3:4-27. Then he multiplies the widow's oil II Kings 4:5. The next occurrence is at Shunem, where he is hospitably entertained by a woman of substance, whose son dies, and is brought to life again by Elisha II Kings 4:8-37. Then at Gilgal he purifies the deadly pottage II Kings 4:38-41, and multiplies the loaves II Kings 4:42-44. The simple records of these domestic incidents amongst the sons of the prophets are now interrupted by an occurrence of a more important character II Kings 5:1-27. The chief captain of the army of Syria, Naaman, is attacked with leprosy, and is sent by an Israelite maid to the prophet Elisha, who directs him to dip seven times in the Jordan, which he does and is healed II Kings 5:1-14, while Naaman's servant, Gehazi, he strikes with leprosy for his unfaithfulness II Kings 5:20-27. Again the scene changes. It is probably at Jericho that Elisha causes the iron axe to swim II Kings 6:1-7. A band of Syrian marauders are sent to seize him, but are struck blind, and he misleads them to Samaria, where they find themselves in the presence of the Israelite king and his troops II Kings 6:8-23. During the famine in Samaria II Kings 6:24-33, he prophesied incredible plenty II Kings 7:1-2, which was soon fulfilled II Kings 7:3-20. We next find the prophet at Damascus. Benhadad the king is sick, and sends to Elisha by Hazael to know the result. Elisha prophesies the king's death, and announces to Hazael that he is to succeed to the throne II Kings 7:8,15. Finally this prophet of God, after having filled the position for sixty years, is found on his death-bed in his own house II Kings 13:14-19. The power of the prophet, however, does not terminate with his death. Even in the tomb he restores the dead to life II Kings 13:21.”.
Ramoth-gilead=“One of the great fastnesses on the east of Jordan, and the key to an important district I Kings 4:13. It was the city of refuge for the tribe of Gad Deuteronomy 4:43; Joshua 20:8; 21:38, and the residence of one of Solomon's commissariat officers I Kings 4:13. During the invasion related in I Kings 15:20 or some subsequent incursion, this important place had seized by Ben-hadad I., king of Syria. The incidents of Ahab's expedition are well known. [AHAB] Later it was taken by Israel, and held in spite of all the efforts of Hazael who was now on the throne of Damascus, to regain it II Kings 9:14. Henceforward Ramoth-gilead disappears from our view. Eusebius and Jerome specify the position of Ramoth as 15 miles from Philadelphia (Amman ). It may correspond to the site bearing the name of Jel'ad , exactly identical with the ancient Hebrew Gilead, which is four or five miles north of es-Salt , 25 miles east of the Jordan and 13 miles south of the brook Jabbok.”.
II Kings 9:2 And when thou comest thither, look out there Jehu (YHVH (is); or, the living) the son of Jehoshaphat (YHVH judged; or, whom YHVH judges)(yeh-ho-shaw-fawt') the son of Nimshi (extricated; or, rescued), and go in, and make him arise up from among his brethren, and carry him to an inner chamber; -> Elisha continues by telling this student of his that when he gets to Ramoth-gilead, he is to seek out and find Jehu whom he'll find amongst some of his friends, take him to an isolated area, where the two of them can be alone.
Jehu=“The founder of the fifth dynasty of the kingdom of Israel, son of Jehoshaphat II Kings 9:2. He reigned over Israel 28 years. His first appearance in history is when he heard the warning of Elijah against the murderer of Naboth II Kings 9:25. In the reigns of Ahaziah and Jehoram, Jehu rose to importance. He was, under the last-named king, captain of the host in the siege of Ramoth-gilead. During this siege he was anointed by Elisha's servant, and told that he was appointed to be king of Israel and destroyer of the house of Ahab II Kings 9:12. The army at once ordained him king, and he set off full speed for Jezreel. Jehoram, who was lying ill in Jezreel, came out to meet him, as it happened on the fatal field of Naboth II Kings 9:21-24. Jehu seized his opportunity, and shot him through the heart II Kings 9:24. Jehu himself advanced to the gates of Jezreel and fulfilled the divine warning on Jezebel as already on Jehoram. He then entered on a work of extermination hitherto unparalleled in the history of the Jewish monarchy. All the descendants of Ahab that remained in Jezreel, together with the officers of the court and the hierarchy of Eastward, were swept away. His next step was to secure Samaria. For the pretended purpose of inaugurating anew the worship of Baal, he called all the Bailouts together at Samaria. The vast temple raised by Ahab I Kings 16:32, was crowded from end to end. The chief sacrifice was offered, as if in the excess of his zeal, by Jehu himself. As soon as it was ascertained that all, and none but, the idolaters were there, the signal was given to eighty trusted guards, and sweeping massacre removed at one blow the whole heathen population of the kingdom of Israel. This is the last public act recorded of Jehu. The remaining twenty-seven years of his long reign are passed over in a few words, in which two points only are material: --He did not destroy the calf-worship of Jeroboam:-- The transjordanic tribes suffered much from the ravages of Hazael II Kings 10:29-33. He was buried in state in Samaria, and was succeeded by his son Jehoahaz II Kings 10:35. His name is the first of the Israelite kings which appears in the Assyrian monuments.”.
Jehoshaphat=“King of Judah, son of Asa, succeeded to the throne when he was 35 years old, and reigned 25 years. His history is to be found among the events recorded in I Kings 15:24; II Kings 8:16 or in a continuous narrative in II Chronicles 17:1; II Chronicles 21:3. He was contemporary with Ahab, Ahaziah and Jehoram. He was one of the best, most pious and prosperous kings of Judah, the greatest since Solomon. At first he strengthened himself against Israel; but soon afterward the two Hebrew kings formed an alliance. In his own kingdom Jehoshaphat ever showed himself a zealous follower of the commandments of God: he tried to put down the high places and groves in which the people of Judah burnt incense, and sent the wisest Levites through the cities and towns to instruct the people in true morality and religion. Riches and honors increased around him. He received tribute from the Philistines and Arabians, and kept up a large standing army in Jerusalem. It was probably about the 16th year of his reign, when he became Ahab's ally in the great battle of Ramoth-gilead, for which he was severely reproved by Jehu II Chronicles 19:2. He built at Ezion-geber, with the help of Ahaziah, a navy designed to go to Tarshish; but it was wrecked at Ezion-geber. Before the close of his reign he was engaged in two additional wars. He was miraculously delivered from a threatened attack of the people of Ammon, Moab and Seir. After this, perhaps, must be dated the war which Jehoshaphat, in conjunction with Jehoram king of Israel and the king of Edom, carried on against the rebellious king of Moab II Kings 3:1. In his declining years the administration of affairs was placed, in the hands of his son Jehoram.”.
Nimshi=“The grandfather of Jehu, who is generally called "the son of Nimshi" I Kings 19:16; II Kings 9:2; 14:20; II Chronicles 22:7.”.
II Kings 9:3 Then take the box of oil, and pour it on his head, and say, ‘Thus saith the LORD, “I have anointed thee king over Israel.” ’ Then open the door, and flee, and tarry not.” -> When the young student finds Jehu and separates him from everybody else, he is to then pull out the flask of oil he was to take with him, pour on to Jehu’s head thus anointing and consecrating him, and then announcing to him that Father has declared that he is to be the next king of the House of Israel. As soon as the young man has anointed, consecrated and announced to Jehu Father’s intentions, he is immediately to turn and flee, not even sticking around long enough to answer Jehu’s questions, or discussing the matter; just anoint, announce, turn and leave.
Since Joram is presently sitting as king, this means that Father is going to use Jehu to carry out His task of sending Joram and his brothers Home to Him, thus leaving the House of Israel without a king. Now, some would argue that since Jehu is the son of Jehoshaphat, then he should be of the House of Judah and not Israel; however, Jehu’s father Jehoshaphat is not the son of Asa;—lineage of David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Abijam, Asa, Jehoshaphat—but, of Nimshi, thus making him eligible to the throne of the House of Israel and not Judah. When Ahab's son Joram and his brothers are killed by Jehu, there will be no more heirs of Ahab to inherit the throne. So, the royal lineage will no longer be of Ahab; this, then, brings a new royal line away from the lineage of Ahab and Jezebel's families, for before Jehu assumes the throne, all of Ahab and Jezebel's family members are going to have to be wiped out, right along with all the priests, prophets, and of followers of those golden calves and their grove worshipping. Jehu is going to completely clean house in Israel.
Did you notice also brethren, that it wasn’t Elisha who did the anointing, consecrating and announcing, it was one of his students. The point I’m trying to get across to you is that, it isn’t the man, as some of the super-preachers would have you believe, you know them, they say, “give your money to me and I’ll heal you, etc.” It is Father Who does the consecrating, the healing, etc., not man.
II Kings 9:4 So the young man, even the young man the prophet, went to Ramoth-gilead. -> After being given his instructions by Elisha, the student then heads out on his way to Ramoth in order to complete his task.
II Kings 9:5 And when he came, behold, the captains of the host were sitting; and he said, “I have an errand to thee, O captain.” And Jehu said, “Unto which of all us?” And he said, “To thee, O captain.” -> Upon arriving in Ramoth, the young student found out where all the Captains of the Army were at and then walked into to midst of them and announced “I have an errand to thee, O Captain.” Of course he didn’t face Jehu because he didn’t know Jehu, so he basically said it to no one in particular. Fortunately for him,—there is no “fortunately” about it, it was Father who caused Jehu to answer, and it was Father Who made the young student to understand that it was Jehu who replied—it was Jehu who answered him, and he then told Jehu that it was he whom he had an errand for.
II Kings 9:6 And he arose, and went into the house; and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, “Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I have anointed thee king over the People of the LORD, even over Israel. -> After being told by the young man that it was he whom he had an errand for, Jehu got up and went into the house,—again, there is no doubt in my mind that it was Father Who caused Jehu to understand that that was what he was supposed to do—and awaited the arrival of the young man.
Upon his walking into the house, the young student got out his flask of oil, removed the stopper and—much to Jehu’s surprise—poured it out onto Jehu’s head while at the same time telling Jehu, " 'Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, 'I have anointed thee king over the people of the LORD, even over Israel.' '." So, in other words Jehu, you're now going to be the king of Father's People of the House of Israel, the ten northern tribes, there is only one caveat, he must first kill the present king: Joram.
II Kings 9:7 And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab (brother (that is, friend) of (his) father; or, uncle) thy master, that I may avenge the blood of My servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD, at the hand of Jezebel (chaste). -> The Student continues telling Jehu of Father's demands of him, " 'thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master, that I may avenge the blood of My servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD, at the hand of Jezebel.' " Here is the "why" Jehu is required to kill Joram and then rule as king, so that Father could avenge all His prophets which Jezebel had had murdered in order that her false baal prophets and priests could "spiritually" lead Israel. Had it not been for Obadiah saving and hiding 100 of them by fifties in two separate caves, Jezebel probably would have completely wiped out every one of Father's prophets in order to completely stop the worship of Father YHVH in Israel. Remember also that she had slew Naboth and his sons, his heirs, in order to give his vineyard to Ahab her husband. So, how far will Father avenge and cut-off Ahab and Jezebel's seed-line? Let's continue reading and find out.
Ahab=“Son of Omri, seventh king of Israel. He married Jezebel, daughter of Ethbaal king of Tyre; and in obedience to her wishes, caused temple to be built to Baal in Samaria itself; and an oracular grove to be consecrated to Astarte, see I Kings 18:19. One of Ahab's chief tastes was for splendid architecture which he showed by building an ivory house and several cities. Desiring to add to his pleasure-grounds at Jezreel the vineyard of his neighbor Naboth, he proposed to buy it or give land in exchange for it; and when this was refused by Naboth in accordance with the Levitical law Leviticus 25:23, a false accusation of blasphemy was brought against him, and he was murdered, and Ahab took possession of the coveted fields II Kings 9:26. Thereupon Elijah declared that the entire extirpation of Ahab's house was the penalty appointed for his long course of wickedness. [ELIJAH] The execution, however, of the sentence was delayed in consequence of Ahab's deep repentance I Kings 21:1. ... Ahab undertook three campaigns against Ben-hadad II. king of Damascus, two defensive and one offensive. In the first Ben-hadad laid siege to Samaria, but was repulsed with great loss I Kings 20:1-21. Next year Ben-hadad again invaded Israel by way of Aphek, on the east of Jordan; yet Ahab's victory was so complete that Ben-hadad himself fell into his hands, but was released contrary to God's will I kings 20:22-34, on condition of restoring the cities of Israel, and admitting Hebrew commissioners into Damascus. After this great success Ahab enjoyed peace for three years, when he attacked Ramoth in Gilead, on the east of Jordan, in conjunction with Jehoshaphat king of Judah, which town he claimed as belonging to Israel. Being told by the prophet Micaiah that he would fall, he disguised himself, but was slain by "a certain man who drew a bow at a venture." When buried in Samaria, the dogs licked up his blood as a servant was washing his chariot; a partial fulfillment of Elijah's prediction I Kings 21:19, which was more literally accomplished in the case of his son II Kings 9:26.”.
Jezebel=“Wife of Ahab king of Israel. She was a Phoenician princess, daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians. In her hands her husband became a mere puppet I Kings 21:25. The first effect of her influence was the immediate establishment of the Phoenician worship on a grand scale in the court of Ahab. At her table were supported no less than 450 prophets of Baal and 400 of Eastward I Kings 16:31,21; 18:19. The prophets of Jehovah were attacked by her orders and put to the sword I Kings 18:13; II Kings 9:7. At last the people, at the instigation of Elijah, rose against her ministers and slaughtered them at the foot of Carmel. When she found her husband east down by his disappointment at being thwarted by Naboth I Kings 21:7, she wrote a warrant in Ahab's name, and sealed it with his seal. To her, and not to Ahab, was sent the announcement that the royal wishes were accomplished I Kings 21:14, and on her accordingly fell the prophet's curse, as well as on her husband I Kings 21:23, a curse fulfilled so literally by Jehu, whose chariot-horses trampled out her life. The body was left in that open space called in modern eastern language "the mounds," where offal is thrown from the city walls II Kings 9:30-37..
II Kings 9:8 For the whole house of Ahab shall perish: and I will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel: -> Every one of Ahab's male descendants as well as his wife Jezebel will be killed. This is the fulfillment of prophesy from I Kings 21: I Kings 21:17 And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, -> When Ahab was drastically erring and causing Israel to sin shortly after first taking over as king of Israel, Father sent Elijah to tell him what Father thought of Ahab's sinful nature. Father told him He was so displeased that it would not rain until He decided His earth had been in a drought long enough. That didn't get Ahab's attention, nor did anything else Father tried to change him from his evil course, even pronouncing his death sentence. What is Father sending Elijah to tell Ahab now? He is going to tell him just exactly how Father feels and what is about to befall Ahab. I Kings 21:18 “Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, which is in Samaria: behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone down to possess it. -> Remember, Samaria is the Capital City of the ten northern tribes, while Naboth lived and owned his vineyard in Jezreel, where Ahab also has his summer house. Elijah went to meet the king at his summer house, right there on his newly acquired piece of land that had been Naboth's vineyard; but, now became part of Ahab's house, and Elijah was again is going to be the bearer of bad news for the king. I Kings 21:19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, ‘Thus saith the LORD, ‘Hast thou killed, and also taken possession?’ ’ And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, ‘Thus saith the LORD, ‘In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.’ ’ ” -> We read that Jezebel murdered Naboth. Father knows the different manners in killing one of His Children, He knows of the in killing during war, He knows—as He Commanded and Demanded—of Capital Punishment, He knows of killing in defense of Country, family and self, He also knows of murder, and He knows of accidental death. He laid out laws and governance for each in the Book of Leviticus. Father also knows the heart of each of His Children, He knows what we devise, whether it be for evil or for good, and He knew that the newly acquired vineyard that Ahab was now enjoying, was obtained by murder of the former heir and owner, and He even knows that though not directly involved, Ahab played his role in all this. Father is letting it be known in no uncertain terms that, just as Naboth died over this matter, you Ahab, sat back and allowed your evil wife to commit murder in order to get what you coveted; therefore, you brought this death sentence upon your own head. By Ahab’s allowing Jezebel to do wickedly, he took part in the same sin, and would therefore receive the same punishment as his wife and all those whose hands were stained with the blood of Naboth and his sons. The whole point to this entire chapter is that, you must take a stand for something, be it for good or for evil and then own up to your stance. Father’s righteous Children know that when you see wickedness being done, you have to make a stand against it. Ahab was king of the House Israel and he knew of every one of Jezebel’s murders,—i.e. those of Father’s Prophets, the attempted murder of Elijah, and the murder of Naboth and his sons—and he allowed it and did nothing either to stop it, or punish those responsible for them. Ahab was just too caught up in, and enjoyed his wife's evilness; therefore, he allowed it to thrive in the Nation. Father knew Ahab’s mind, and He held him accountable for every one of his wicked actions. This is a type for us to follow even in our day as, Jesus told us to "cast thy net out of the right side of the boat," in other words, that is where we fish for men’s souls, and that is how we are to conduct ourselves: on the right side of right. Know where you are fishing and what you are doing when you get there. Why? Because it determines whether what you do is for righteousness or for evil, then Father's blessings come upon you. No one gets away with anything, for in time all things are accountable. These are types that we are to learn from. I Kings 21:20 And Ahab said to Elijah, “Hast thou found me, O mine enemy?” And he answered, “I have found thee: because thou hast sold thyself to work evil in the sight of the LORD. -> Ever hear the phrase, "sold your soul to the devil?" Well, that is basically what Father is saying to Ahab here; put another way, He is saying that Ahab made himself a slave to evil. Hast thou found me oh my enemy?=Ahab felt the whole righteous world was against him, of course that was his own fault, had he not been so vile, then Father would not send His prophets to prophesy against him. So, not only did Ahab feel Elijah always prophesied against him, we read later in I Kings 22:8 that Father's Prophet Micaiah also prophesied against Ahab, and he complained to Jehoshaphat about it. But, notice also that Ahab called the true prophet of YHVH, his enemy. Of course every one of Father's Prophets were Ahab's enemy, for those prophets of YHVH spoke for Father YHVH, whereas Ahab represented every heathen form of worship, except the worship of the One and Only True God: ELOAH. I Kings 21:21 Behold, I will bring evil upon thee, and will take away thy posterity, and will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel, -> Shut up and left=This verse reads almost identical to I Kings 14:10, when Father was angry with Jeroboam and told him that He’d bring evil against him and his family, and cut off his offspring as well: I Kings 14:10 Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel, and will take away the remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as a man taketh away dung, till it be all gone. -> Take away thy posterity=A person's posterity is his children, and here, Father is telling Ahab that none of his sons are going to live long enough in their flesh lives, that his kingdom will not be passed down through them. This warning is for Ahab and the House of Israel only, it did not include the House of Judah as, the House of Judah has their own king at present: Jehoram. Father is about to end Ahab’s sons inheritance, just as he and Jezebel ended the inheritance of Naboth, when they killed his sons. I Kings 21:22 And will make thine house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha, the son of Ahijah, for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked Me to anger, and made Israel to sin.” -> Provoked Me to anger, and caused Israel to sin=Remember, Jeroboam was the first king of the House of Israel after Father had split the Nation in two because of Solomon’s causing all the Nation to sin, and then when Jeroboam’s son king Nadab was murdered, Baasha stepped up as king and then began his own dynasty within a year or so of Nadab’s death. Father doesn’t like it when people that He has put in a position of authority will mislead his people in the name of religion. The cause Naboth's death and that of his sons, was the contrived lie that “Naboth had blasphemed God and king." The cause of Jeroboam's death and that of his dynasty was the replacing Father's laws and worship of Him, with the heathen practices of worshipping those two calves as well as the of grove worship and serving and worshipping false gods and idols. Ahab loved his many fake preachers, false priests who only served and tried to please the king, and not Father YHVH. I Kings 21:23 And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, “The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel. -> So, the king's blood will be licked up by the dogs as he lay dying, and his wife: Jezebel the queen, she will be devoured by the dogs so that she won't even have a decent burial upon her death. This is prophesy which will come to pass, later in this chapter in verses v9:30-37 where Father's Word tells us that the only thing that will be found of Jezebel will be her skull, her feet, and the palms of her hands. I Kings 21:24 Him that dieth of Ahab in the city the dogs shall eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat.” -> This is saying that every one of Ahab's sons are going to die a violent death, those who die in the city, the dogs will consume their dead carcasses, while the sons who die outside the city, their dead carcasses will be devoured by the birds. Brethren, don't be swayed and misread what is going to transpire here as; not one son of Ahab's paid for his father's sins, every one of his sons had the opportunity to change the course of their own lives, all they had to do was turn away from evilness and to Father and they will not die a violent death, nor would their dead carcasses get eaten by the beasts of the field or the fowls of the air.
II Kings 9:9 And I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam ([the] people will contend; or,—Smith's Bible Dictionary definition—whose people are many) the son of Nebat (aspect), and like the house of Baasha (to stink, offensiveness; or, wicked) the son of Ahijah (brother [that is, worshipper] of YAH; or, friend of YAH): -> As can be read in I Kings 15:29 and 16:11 the dynasties of both these houses, i.e. Jeroboam and Baasha, had been exterminated, there was not one son or daughter left alive to assume any throne. Their lines were destroyed and finished. Father doesn’t like, nor does He mess around when people play games with heathen idolatry, man-made customs, doctrine, dogma, and tradition and causing His people to follow their idealistic ways.
While the young student is anointing Jehu, ole king Joram of Israel is lying in his bed in Jezreel dying from the wound he received during the battle with Hazael's Syrian army. Father has His own places, times, and ways with getting even with those who think they can turn His house and ways into forms of idolatry. If you want the end of this Age to come, pray for it; however, don't try to rush the end, for it will come at Father's appointed time, and His time is when every soul has had its opportunity to be born in this Age and when every last soul that is to be sealed in their minds, is sealed. There is a reason for everything that happens and it is all in accordance with and relationship to Father's time plan.
Jeroboam=Notice the difference between the Strong's Concordance and the Smith's Bible Dictionary in what Jeroboam's name means? I like the Smith's better; and, it actually fits better with him in the fact that he received the larger portion of the tribes. Now let’s look at what the Smith’s says concerning him: “The first king of the divided kingdom of Israel, was the son of an Ephraimite of the name of Nebat. He was raised by Solomon to the rank of superintendent over the taxes and labors exacted from the tribe of Ephraim I Kings 11:28. He made the most of his position, and at last was perceived by Solomon to be aiming at the monarchy. He was leaving Jerusalem, when he was met by Ahijah the prophet, who gave him the assurance that, on condition of obedience to his laws, God would establish for him a kingdom and dynasty equal to that of David I Kings 11:29-40. The attempts of Solomon to cut short Jeroboam's designs occasioned his flight into Egypt. There he remained until Solomon's death. After a year's longer stay in Egypt, during which Jeroboam married Ano, the elder sister of the Egyptian queen Tahpenes, he returned to Shechem, where took place the conference with Rehoboam [REHOBOAM], and the final revolt which ended in the elevation of Jeroboam to the throne of the northern kingdom. Now occurred the fatal error of his policy. Fearing that the yearly pilgrimages to Jerusalem would undo all the work which he effected, he took the bold step of rending the religious unity of the nation, which was as yet unimpaired, asunder. He caused two golden figures of Mnevis, the sacred calf, to be made and set up at the two extremities of his kingdom, one at Dan and the other at Bethel. It was while dedicating the altar at Bethel that a prophet from Judah suddenly appeared, who denounced the altar, and foretold its desecration by Josiah, and violent overthrow. The king, stretching out his hand to arrest the prophet, felt it withered and paralyzed, and only at the prophet's prayer saw it restored, and acknowledged his divine mission. Jeroboam was at constant war with the house of Judah, but the only act distinctly recorded is a battle with Abijah, son of Rehoboam, in which he was defeated. The calamity was severely felt; he never recovered the blow, and soon after died, in the 22d year of his reign II Chronicles 13:20, and was buried in his ancestral sepulchre I Kings 14:20.”.
Nebat=“ The father of Jeroboam I Kings 11:26,12:2,15 etc., is described as an Ephrathite or Ephraimite of Zereda.”.
Baasha=“The third sovereign of the separate kingdom of Israel, and the founder of its second dynasty. He was son of Ahijah of the tribe of Issachar and conspired against King Nadab I Kings 15:27, and killed him with his whole family. He appears to have been of humble origin I Kings 16:2. It was probably in the 13th year of his reign that he made war on Asa, and began to fortify Ramah. He was defeated by the unexpected alliance of Asa with Ben-hadad I of Damascus. Baasha died in the 24th year of his reign, and was buried in Tirzah Song of Solomon 6:4, which he had made his capital I Kings 16:6; II Chronicles 16:1-6.".
Ahijah=“Father of Baasha king of Israel I Kings 15:27,33; I Kings 21:22.".
II Kings 9:10 And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the portion of Jezreel (YAH will sow), and there shall be none to bury her.’ ” And he opened the door, and fled. -> The young student completes his mission of delivering Father's prophesy of Judgment and turns and leaves, leaving no room for discussion or argument, thus completely complying with and obeying Father's Word.
Remember, Father had prophesied concerning Jezebel's death and how she would die in I Kings 21:23.
Jezreel=“A city situated in the plain of the same name between Gilboa and Little Hermon, now generally called Esdraelon [ESDRAELON]. It appears in Joshua 19:18 but its historical importance dates from the reign of Ahab, who chose it for his chief residence. The situation of the modern village of Zerin still remains to show the fitness of his choice. Int he neighborhood, or within the town probably, were a temple and grove of Eastward, with an establishment of 400 priests supported by Jezebel I Kings 16:33; II Kings 10:11. The palace of Ahab I Kings 21:1; 18:46, probably containing his "ivory house" I Kings 22:39, was on the eastern side of the city, forming part of the city wall, compare with I Kings 21:1; II Kings 9:25,30,33. Whether the vineyard of Naboth was here or at Samaria is a doubtful question. Still in the same eastern direction are two springs, one 12 minutes from the town, the other 20 minutes. The latter, probably from both its size and its situation, was known as "the spring of Jezreel." With the fall of the house of Ahab the glory of Jezreel departed.”.
II Kings 9:11 Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord: and one said unto him, “Is all well? wherefore came this mad fellow to thee?” And he said unto them, “Ye know the man, and his communication.” -> After being told that he was to slay king Joram and rule in his stead, Jehu returned to his fellow Captains, and when he had stepped in and closed the door, they immediately began questioning him as to who that was that had summoned him away from them and as to what he wanted and whether it was peace?
Jehu replies by telling them that it was just a foolish prophet on a fool's errand. Why would Jehu say this? Remember, they are in the territories of the ten northern tribes and just about all the prophets of Father YHVH had been cast out along with the honoring, serving and worshiping of Father, and Jehu said this because everybody thought the remaining prophets were nothing but fools
II Kings 9:12 And they said, “It is false; tell us now.” And he said, “Thus and thus spake he to me, saying, ‘Thus saith the LORD, ‘I have anointed thee king over Israel.’ ’ ” -> His fellow Captains didn't buy what Jehu was selling, so they to press him as to what the man told him. Jehu finally relented and told them that the prophet had told him that YHVH of Israel had just anointed him the next king of Israel.
For their part, the rest of the Captains instinctively knew that Jehu's appointment was immediate; and therefore, there was now a revolt in Israel and they were going to war along side their once fellow Captain now turned king. They didn't question Jehu or what he told them, they were ready to stand by his side. They all knew that it meant they were going to Jezreel to kill Joram and then to find and slay all his brothers where ever they were as; that was what was required in order for Jehu to be king of the House of Israel.
II Kings 9:13 Then they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs, and blew with trumpets, saying, “Jehu is king.” -> These men took their robes and put them under Jehu making him a make-shift throne and then announced that there was a new king in Israel.
9:14 Joram, Ramoth-gilead, and Hazael.
II Kings 9:14 So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram (whom YAH has exalted).
(Now Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael (YAH has seen; or, whom YAH sees) king of Syria (the highland). -> We read in II Kings 8 that it was here in Ramoth where Joram and Israel fought against Hazael and the Syrian army, and that it was here in Ramoth that Joram sustained his mortal wound. After receiving his wound, he kept a small contingent of soldiers headed up by Jehu and these Captains, here in Ramoth, while he himself returned to his summer home in Jezreel to try and recover from his wounds.
Hazael=“A king of Damascus who reigned from about B.C. 886 to B.C. 840. He appears to have been previously a person in a high position at the court of Ben-hadad, and was sent by his master to Elisha to inquire if he would recover from the malady under which he was suffering. Elisha's answer led to the murder of Ben-hadad by his ambitious servant, who forthwith mounted the throne -15. He was soon engaged in war with the kings of Judah and Israel for the possession of the city of Ramoth-gilead. Ibid II Kings 8:28. Towards the close of the reign of Jehu, Hazael led the Syrians against the Israelites, whom he "smote in all their coasts" II Kings 10:32, thus accomplishing the prophecy of Elisha. Ibid II Kings 8:12. At the close of his life, having taken Gath, ibid II Kings 12:17 with which we can compare with Amos 6:2. He proceeded to attack Jerusalem II Chronicles 24:24, and was about to assault the city when Joash bribed him to retire II Kings 12:18. Hazael appears to have died about the year B.C. 840 II Kings 13:24, having reigned forty-six years.”.
Joram=“Son of Ahab king of Israel II Kings 8:16,25,28-29; 9:14,17,21-23,29. See also [JEHORAM 1].”.
Syria=“Is the term used throughout our version for the Hebrew Aram , as well as for the Greek Zupia . Most probably Syria is for Tsyria, the country about Tsur or Tyre which was the first of the Syrian towns known to the Greeks. It is difficult to fix the limits of Syria. The limits of the Hebrew Aram and its subdivisions are spoken of under ARAM. Syria proper was bounded by Amanus and Taurus on the north by the Euphrates and the Arabian desert on the east, by Palestine on the south, by the Mediterranean near the mouth of the Orontes, and then by Phoenicia on the west. This tract is about 300 miles long from north to south, and from 50 to 150 miles broad. It contains an area of about 30,000 square miles. General physical features. --The general character of the tract is mountainous, as the Hebrew name Aram (from a roof signifying "height") sufficiently implies. The most fertile and valuable tract of Syria is the long valley intervening between Libanus and Anti-Libanus. Of the various mountain ranges of Syria, Lebanon possesses the greatest interest. It extends from the mouth of the Litany to Arka, a distance of nearly 100 miles. Anti-Libanus, as the name implies, stands lover against Lebanon, running in the same direction, i.e. nearly north and south, and extending the same length. [LEBANON] The principal rivers of Syria are the Litany and the Orontes. The Litany springs from a small lake situated in the middle of the Coele-Syrian valley, about six miles to the southwest of Baalbek. It enters the sea about five miles north of Tyre. The source of the Orontes is but about 15 miles from that of the Litany. Its modern name is the Nahr-el-Asi, or "rebel stream," an appellation given to it on account of its violence and impetuosity in many parts of its course. The chief towns of Syria may be thus arranged, as nearly as possible in the order of their importance: 1, Antioch; 2, Damascus; 3, Apamea; 4, Seleucia; 5, Tadmor or Palmyra; 6, Laodicea; 7, Epiphania (Hamath); 8, Samosata; 9, Hierapolis (Mabug); 10, Chalybon; 11, Emesa; 12, Heliopolis; 13, Laodicea ad Libanum; 14, Cyrrhus; 15, Chalcis; 16, Poseideum; 17, Heraclea; 18, Gindarus; 19, Zeugma; 20, Thapsacus. Of these, Samosata, Zeugma and Thapsacus are on the Euphrates; Seleucia, Laodicea, Poseideum and Heraclea, on the seashore, Antioch, Apamea, Epiphania and Emesa ( Hems ), on the Orontes; Heliopolis and Laodicea ad Libanum, in Coele-Syria; Hierapolis, Chalybon, Cyrrhus, Chalcis and Gindarns, in the northern highlands; Damascus on the skirts, and Palmyra in the centre, of the eastern desert. History. --The first occupants of Syria appear to have been of Hamitic descent --Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites, etc. After a while the first comers, who were still to a great extent nomads, received a Semitic infusion, while most Probably came to them from the southeast. The only Syrian town whose existence we find distinctly marked at this time is Damascus Genesis 14:15; 15:2, which appears to have been already a place of some importance. Next to Damascus must be placed Hamath Numbers 13:21; 34:8. Syria at this time, and for many centuries afterward, seems to have been broken up among a number of petty kingdoms. The Jews first come into hostile contact with the Syrians, under that name, in the time of David Genesis 15:18; II Samuel 8:3,4,13. When, a few years later, the Ammonites determined on engaging in a war with David, and applied to the Syrians for aid, Zolah, together with Beth-rehob sent them 20,000 footmen, and two other Syrian kingdoms furnished 13,000 II Samuel 10:6. This army being completely defeated by Joab, Hadadezer obtained aid from Mesopotamia, ibid. ver. 16, and tried the chance of a third battle, which likewise went against him, and produced the general submission of Syria to the Jewish monarch. The submission thus begun continued under the reign of Solomon I Kings 4:21. The only part of Syria which Solomon lost seems to have been Damascus, where an independent kingdom was set up by Rezon, a native of Zobah I Kings 11:23-25. On the separation of the two kingdoms, soon after the accession of Rehoboam, the remainder of Syria no doubt shook off the yoke. Damascus now became decidedly the leading state, Hamath being second to it, and the northern Hittites, whose capital was Carchemish, near Bambuk , third. [DAMASCUS] Syria became attached to the great Assyrian empire, from which it passed to the Babylonians, and from them to the Persians, In B.C. 333 it submitted to Alexander without a struggle. Upon the death of Alexander, Syria became, for the first time the head of a great kingdom. On the division of the provinces among his generals, B.C. 321, Seleucus Nicator received Mesopotamia and Syria. The city of Antioch was begun in B.C. 300, and, being finished in a few years, was made the capital of Seleucus' kingdom. The country grew rich with the wealth which now flowed into it on all sides. Syria was added to the Roman empire by Pompey, B.C. 64, and as it holds an important place, not only in the Old Testament but in the New, some account of its condition under the Romans must be given. While the country generally was formed into a Roman province, under governors who were at first proprietors or quaestors, then procounsuls, and finally legates, there were exempted from the direct rule of the governor in the first place, a number of "free cities" which retained the administration of their own affairs, subject to a tribute levied according to the Roman principles of taxation; secondly, a number of tracts, which were assigned to petty princes, commonly natives, to be ruled at their pleasure, subject to the same obligations with the free cities as to taxation. After the formal division of the provinces between Augustus and the senate, Syria, being from its exposed situation among the province principis, were ruled by legates, who were of consular rank (consulares) and bore severally the full title of "Legatus Augusti pro praetore." Judea occupied a peculiar position; a special procurator was therefore appointed to rule it, who was subordinate to the governor of Syria, but within his own province had the power of a legatus. Syria continued without serious disturbance from the expulsion of the Parthians, B.C. 38, to the breaking out of the Jewish war, A.D. 66. in A.D. 44-47 it was the scene of a severe famine. A little earlier, Christianity had begun to spread into it, partly by means of those who "were scattered" at the time of Stephen's persecution Acts 11:19, partly by the exertions of St. Paul Galatians 1:21. The Syrian Church soon grew to be one of the most flourishing Acts 13:1; 15:23, 35, 41 etc. (Syria remained under Roman and Byzantine rule till A.D. 634, when it was overrun by the Mohammedans; after which it was for many years the scene of fierce contests, and was finally subjugated by the Turks, A.D. 1517, under whose rule it still remains. --ED.).”
9:15 Joram, Ramoth-gilead, and Hazael.
9:15-26 Conspiracy of Jehu.
II Kings 9:15 But king Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.)
And Jehu said, “If it be your minds, then let none go forth nor escape out of the city to go to tell it in Jezreel.” -> After making their new king his make-shift throne, blowing the trumpets and announcing his ascension as king of the House of Israel, Jehu's first command to his soldiers was that they slay anybody who might be of the mind to go and tell Joram of the conspiracy of Jehu. Remember, it was Father Who ordered this death of Joram, Jezebel his mother, and all the rest of his brothers, her sons. Therefore, they needed total secrecy in order to be able to completely carry out and fulfill their mission.
Something else to remember brethren is that Joram's nephew Ahaziah is in Jezreel visiting his deathly uncle. So, Jehu and his men also need to keep their mission secret from him and his soldiers as well until it's complete; otherwise, they'll be fighting against both Houses.
II Kings 9:16 So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there. And Ahaziah (YAH has seized; or, sustained by YHVH) king of Judah was come down to see Joram. -> So far, so good, the mission has been kept secret, and now Jehu is riding in his chariot with his men in their chariots behind him, headed to Jezreel in order to slay Joram.
Ahaziah=“Fifth king of Judah, son of Jehoram and Athaliah (daughter of Ahab), and therefore nephew of the preceding Ahaziah, reigned one year. He is Galled AZARIAH in II Chronicles 22:2, probably by a copyist's error, and JEHOAHAZ II Chronicles 21:17. He was 22 years old at his accession II Kings 8:26. (his age 42, in II Chronicles 22:2 Is a copyist's error). Ahaziah was an idolater, and he allied himself with his uncle Jehoram king of Israel against Hazael, the new king of Syria. the two kings were, however defeated at Ramoth, where Jehoram was severely wounded. The revolution carried out in Israel by Jehu under the guidance of Elisha broke out while Ahaziah was visiting his uncle at Jezreel. As Jehu approached the town, Jehoram and Ahaziah went out to meet him; the former was shot through the heart by Jehu, and Ahaziah was pursued and mortally wounded. He died when he reached Megiddo.”.
Judah=“When the disruption of Solomon's kingdom took place at Shechem, only the tribe of Judah followed David, but almost immediately afterward the larger part of Benjamin joined Judah. A part, if no all, of the territory of Simeon I Samuel 27:6; I Kings 19:3, with which we can compare with Joshua 19:1. And of Dan II Chronicles 11:10, again of which we can compare with Joshua 19:41,42. Was recognized as belonging to Judah; and in the reigns of Abijah and Asa the southern kingdom was enlarged by some additions taken out of the territory of Ephraim II Chronicles 13:19; 18:8; 17:2. It is estimated that the territory of Judah contained about 3450 square miles. Advantages. -- The kingdom of Judah possessed many advantages which secured for it a longer continuance than that of Israel. A frontier less exposed to powerful enemies, a soil less fertile, a population hardier and more united, a fixed and venerated centre of administration and religion, a hereditary aristocracy in the sacerdotal caste, an army always subordinate, a succession of kings which no revolution interrupted; so that Judah survived her more populous and more powerful sister kingdom by 135 years, and lasted from B.C. 975 to B.C. 536. History. -- The first three kings of Judah seem to have cherished the hope of re-establishing their authority over the ten tribes; for sixty years there was war between them and the kings of Israel. The victory achieved by the daring Abijah brought to Judah a temporary accession of territory. Asa appears to have enlarged it still further. Hanani's remonstrance II Chronicles 16:7, prepares us for the reversal by Jehoshaphat of the policy which Asa pursued toward Israel and Damascus. A close alliance sprang up with strange rapidity between Judah and Israel. Jehoshaphat, active and prosperous, commanded the respect of his neighbors; but under Amaziah Jerusalem was entered and plundered by the Israelites. Under Uzziah and Jotham, Judah long enjoyed prosperity, till Ahaz became the tributary and vassal of Tiglath-pileser. Already in the fatal grasp of Assyria, Judah was yet spared for a checkered existence of almost another century and a half after the termination of the kingdom of Israel. The consummation of the ruin came upon its people in the destruction of the temple by the hand of Nebuzaradan, B.C. 536. There were 19 kings, all from the family of David. (Population. -- We have a gage as to the number of the people at different periods in the number of soldiers. If we estimate the population at four times the fighting men, we will have the following table: King...Date ... Soldiers ... Population David...B.C. 1056-1015 ... 500,000 ... 2,000,000 Rehoboam...975-957 ... 180,000 ... 720,000 Abijah...957-955 ... 400,000 ... 1,600,000 Asa...955-914 ... 500,000 ... 2,000,000 Jehoshaphat...914-889 ... 1,160,000 ... 4,640,000 Amaziah...839-810 ... 300,000 ... 1,200,000 -ED.)”.
II Kings 9:17 And there stood a watchman on the tower in Jezreel, and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, “I see a company.” And Joram said, “Take an horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say, ‘Is it peace?’ ” -> They are rapidly approaching the city limits when one of Joram's sentinels sees them and runs and tells his king that a company of chariots and riders is riding hard toward the city. Joram tells his watchstander to dispatch one of the charioteers to ride out and ask whoever is leading this company if they are speeding toward Jezreel for peace, or for war.
Is it peace?=You should be familiar with this term brethren as; in the Hebrew it is shalom, let's check it out in the Strong's Concordance, it is Hebrew number: H7965, - שׁלם שׁלום, - shâlôm or shâlôm, pronounced - shaw-lome', or shaw-lome', and means: From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace: - X do, familiar, X fare, favour, + friend, X greet, (good) health, (X perfect, such as be at) peace (-able, -ably), prosper (-ity, -ous), rest, safe (-ly), salute, welfare, (X all is, be) well, X wholly..
II Kings 9:18 So there went one on horseback to meet him, and said, “Thus saith the king, ‘Is it peace?’ ” And Jehu said, “What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me.” And the watchman told, saying, “The messenger came to them, but he cometh not again.” -> The rider rides out and greets Jehu asking whether he is coming for peace or for war and Jehu replies to him that he can either join with him; or, die, should he decide to turn around and ride back to inform Joram that Jehu has come for war.
The sentinel on the tower wall watching through his looking glass only sees the exchange; but, hears nothing, and what does he see? The charioteer falling in line behind Jehu. He doesn't see any violence, so in reality, he still isn't sure if Jehu is approaching for peace or war; so, he goes and again reports to Joram all that he knows, which is nothing.
II Kings 9:19 Then he sent out a second on horseback, which came to them, and said, “Thus saith the king, ‘Is it peace?’ ” And Jehu answered, “What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me.” -> A second charioteer is sent and when he arrives at Jehu's company, he too is given the ultimatum to fall in line, or die trying to inform Joram. So, he, like his comrade, falls in behind Jehu.
II Kings 9:20 And the watchman told, saying, “He came even unto them, and cometh not again: and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi; for he driveth furiously.” -> Again the sentinel sees the exchange but isn't sure what to make of it so, he again goes and notifies Joram of what he saw. This time though, the sentinel also reports that this company of chariots and riders, especially the lead rider appears to be Jehu and his men and they are riding like madmen toward the city.
Joram understands that this is no peaceful mission, either Hazael and Syrian army had sacked Ramoth and Jehu was raiding hard to inform his king; or, Jehu was on the warpath against his king. In either case, Joram, though deathly from his wounds, was not about to just lie there and await his Captains approach, he was going to go out and greet him and his men.
II Kings 9:21 And Joram said, “Make ready.” And his chariot was made ready. And Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot, and they went out against Jehu, and met him in the portion of Naboth (fruits) the Jezreelite. -> Joram tells his closest men to make ready his horse and chariot and to also get his nephew Ahaziah's ready as well. Once ready, both men climbed aboard their chariots and rode out to greet Jehu in order to find out which it was peace or war; and where was it they met? Right at the very same field that Father prophesied Joram would die.
Naboth=“The victim of Ahab and Jezebel, was the owner of a small vineyard at Jezreel, close to the royal palace of Shab I Kings 21:1,2. It thus became an object of desire to the king, who offered an equivalent in money or another vineyard. In exchange for this Naboth, in the independent spirit of a Jewish landholder, refused: "The Lord forbid it me that I should give the inheritance of my father unto thee." Ahab was cowed by this reply; but the proud spirit of Jezebel was aroused. She took the matter into her own hands. A fast was proclaimed, as on the announcement of some impending calamity. Naboth was "set on high" in the public place of Samaria; two men of worthless character accused him of having "cursed God and the king." He and his children II Kings 9:26, were dragged out of the city and dispatched; the same night. The place of execution there was by the large tank or reservoir which still remains an the slope of the hill of Samaria, immediately outside the walls. The usual punishment for blasphemy was enforced: Naboth and his sons were stoned; and the blood from their wounds ran down into the waters of the tank below. For the signal retribution taken on this judicial murder -- a remarkable proof of the high regard paid in the old dispensation to the claims of justice and independence -- see AHAB; JEHU; JEZEBEL.”.
II Kings 9:22 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, “Is it peace, Jehu?” And he answered, “What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?” -> Upon arriving at Jehu's company of soldiers, Joram immediately ask him if he came to Jezreel for peace or war? Jehu replies with the not too kind words that so long as your mother is living and committing her whoredoms, there'll be no peace in Israel. Strong words indeed; but, Jehu was correct on both accounts as; Jezebel was a whore for she went up and played such in her groves, and she also played such in her idolatrous worship of false gods and idols.
II Kings 9:23 And Joram turned his hands, and fled, and said to Ahaziah, “There is treachery, O Ahaziah.” -> Upon hearing the tone in Jehu's voice and his harsh words, Joram knew then that there was no peace; only war, therefore he immediately grabbed the reins of his horse drawn chariot, and pulled to one side in order to turn his horses around and skedaddle out of there as quickly as possible, telling his nephew to follow suit on his way past him.
II Kings 9:24 And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot. -> When Joram turned his horse and chariot around, Jehu brought his to a stop, took out his bow and arrows and waited until he had a clear shot at Joram's back, as soon as it was exposed, he fired off an arrow and struck the king of Israel between the shoulder blades, administering a mortal wound, and causing Joram to fall down and slump in his chariot.
II Kings 9:25 Then said Jehu to Bidkar (prepositional prefix; by stabbing, that is, assassin; or, son of stabbing i.e. one who stabs) his captain, “Take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite: for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father, the LORD laid this burden upon him; -> Jehu tells his friend to take Joram's dead carcass and throw it into the very same portion of the field where Joram's father Ahab had had Naboth and his sons murdered.
Bidkar=As I pointed out while reading the verse; "Bidkar" in the Hebrew tongue means, "assassin, or son of Stabbing." It is the sword of the Lord that Ahab’s wife and offspring will get stabbed with in the end. So, what this verse is saying, is that when Joram's father Ahab passed sentence of death on Naboth and his sons, the same sentence would be passed on him. Ahab's sons are about to die at the hand of Jehu and Bidkar. These two military officers are telling each other that they both can remember Father prophesying this through His prophet Elijah when they were still serving under Ahab in his army. Now let's read what the Smith's Bible Dictionary says concerning Bidkar: “Jehu's "captain," originally his fellow officer II Kings 9:25, who completed the sentence on Jehoram, son of Ahab.”.
II Kings 9:26 ‘Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons,’ saith the LORD; ‘and I will requite thee in this plat,’ saith the LORD. Now therefore take and cast him into the plat of ground, according to the word of the LORD.” -> Father's prophesy of Ahab and his son's fates coming to pass.
This "plat" in the Strong’s Concordance is Hebrew word number: H2513, - חלקה , - chelqâh, pronounced - khel-kaw', and means: Feminine of H2506; properly smoothness; figuratively flattery; also an allotment: - field, flattering (-ry), ground, parcel, part, piece of land ([ground]), plat, portion, slippery place, smooth (thing)., it is a parcel or portion of land, and it is established in fairness for something taken. Naboth’s land was taken by Jezebel when she killed him and his sons; therefore, Naboth's blood set the value of the land. With Father adding in here of the phrase “and the blood of his sons,” He is giving us information now which was omitted in I Kings 21:13 where it is only mentioned that Naboth was stoned to death, I made mention of it then that this verse confirmed that his sons also had to be killed in order that as heirs of their father, they would not claim ownership of Naboth’s land and prevent Jezebel from giving it to her husband. So, now we see the price was paid in fairness with the price of Ahab's families' blood. The third payment was not made, for Ahab and his son's blood paid the first two payments.
Think of it as buying a piece of land, and instead of paying the installments with money, it is to be paid with the blood of each member of Ahab's family. This is Father's way of being fair, for the wickedness of Jezebel in obtaining the land with the price of Naboth and his sons' blood, and Ahab accepting that blood soaked land.
II Kings 9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, “Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur (abode)(pronounced goor), which is by Ibleam (devouring the people)(pronounced yib-leh-awm'). And he fled to Megiddo (rendezvous; or, place of crowns)(pronounced meg-id-done' or, meg-id-do'), and died there. -> When Joram's nephew saw his uncle receive his mortal wound, he decided he no longer wanted any part of his uncle and his family, so he turned and fled; however, Jehu followed after him and told his men to kill him as well for his part of not rejecting his uncle. Remember also, his mother is Athaliah is Ahab and Jezebel's daughter; so, in reality Ahab's blood flowed through his veins also.
Gur=“ The going up to, an ascent or rising ground, at which Ahaziah received his death-blow while flying from Jehu after the slaughter of Joram II Kings 9:27.”.
Ibleam=“A city of Manasseh, with villages or towns dependent on it Judges 1:27. It appears to have been situated in the territory of either Issachar or Asher Judges 17:11. The ascent of Gur was "at Ibleam" II Kings 9:27, somewhere near the present Jenin , probably to the north of it.”.
Megiddo=Megiddo should sound very familiar to you, it is the place where Armageddon will take place and this just might be a preview of that. Armageddon of course is Greek for "hills of Megiddo." If you'll recall what we read of Megiddo in Judges 1: Judges 1:27 Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land., and then what we then read in I Kings 4: I Kings 4:12 Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Beth-shean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, even unto the place that is beyond Jokneam: -> There are several things to note concerning these lands mentioned in this verse: (1) When Israel first entered into the Promised Land, as can be read in Joshua 17:12 and Judges 1:27, these lands were within the boundaries of the portion of Issachar; however, Taanach was reckoned to Manasseh, but, assigned to the Kohathite Levites who didn't receive an allotment of land; (2) As Joshua and the Israelites moved into these lands, they captured all these territories; however, they did not "utterly destroy" all the Canaanite inhabitants but later set them to "tribute," or "task work," meaning tax in the form of forced labor. Of course, I'm sure some of this "task work" was much like the task work of the Gibeonites who came to Joshua and the elders, who make a covenant with them, and then after finding out that they had been deceived, they—Joshua and the elders—made them the drawers of water and hewers of wood for the Altar of Father YHVH; (3) These places are mentioned and still active with Canaanite inhabitants from when Gideon was Judge over Israel, and it was in Judges 7 that Father had Gideon—after whittling down the Israelite Host to just 300 men—and His 300 men with their lanterns which were in glass pitchers and their trumpets—all at the same time—break their pitchers and blow with their trumpets so that the Midianites and Amalekites scattered and the Israelites slew them; (4) It is also—as we read in I Kings 19—the country from which Elisha is from. Now let’s read what the Smith’s Bible Dictionary has to say: “was in a very marked position on the southern rim of the plain of Esdraelon, on the frontier line of the territories of the tribes of Issachar and Manasseh, 6 miles from Mount Carmel and 11 from Nazareth. It commanded one of those passes from the north into the hill country which were of such critical importance on various occasions in the history of Judea Judith 4:7 . The first mention occurs in Joshua 12:21 where Megiddo appears as the city of one of the kings whom Joshua defeated on the west of the Jordan. The song of Deborah brings the place vividly before us, as the scene of the great conflict between Sisera and Barak. When Pharaoh-necho came from Egypt against the king of Assyria, Josiah joined the latter, and was slain at Megiddo II Kings 23:29; II Chronicles 35:22-24. Megiddo is the modern el-Lejjun , which is undoubtedly the Legio of Eusebius and Jerome. There is a copious stream flowing down the gorge, and turning some mills before joining the Kishon. Here are probably the "waters of Megiddo" of Judges 5:19.”.
II Kings 9:28 And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem (founded peaceful; or, the habitation of peace), and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David. -> Several clues ensure that this is talking about Ahaziah and not Joram; (1) they took him to Jerusalem, that means, the territories of Judah and not in the territories of the ten northern tribes; (2) they buried him in the sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David, this again points to Ahaziah as he was of the lineage of David and not Ahab; and (3) we know Ahab's lineage was left for the dogs and the fowls of the air to eat, so there was nothing left of Ahab's sons to bury.
And buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David=I'm sure that Ahaziah's great, great, great, great grandfather David would be none too pleased with him as; David—though not perfect by any means—never served any god except Father YHVH, and as we read, Ahaziah, under the influence of his mother and grandmother on his mother's side Jezebel, served baal and other false gods.
Jerusalem=The Smith’s Bible Dictionary description of Jerusalem is too long to copy in; so, I’m just posting the link to it: Jerusalem.
II Kings 9:29 And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah. -> We read in II Kings 8:25-26 that Ahaziah began his reign during Joram’s twelfth year, that he was 22 when he began to reign and that he only reigned for 1 year. There is no conflict between what was written in II Kings 8:25-26 and what was written in this verse, saying that he began his reign in Joram’s eleventh year, and that is because of the accounting of the years that a king reigned, i.e. some count a partial year as a full year.
9:3-10:36 JEHU. (Alternation.)
9:3-10:36 Events. Public.
9:30-10:28 EVENTS PUBLIC. (Enumeration.)
9:30-37 End of Jezebel.
9:30-37 END OF JEZEBEL. (Introversion.)
9:30-32 Exclamation of Jezebel.
II Kings 9:30 And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her face, and tired her head, and looked out at a window. -> News travels fast, and news of Jehu's arrival and his killing of her son Joram and grandson Ahaziah traveled to Jezebel very quickly. She understood exactly what was happening and that he'd soon be coming for her, for she had heard of Father's prophesy of what would happen to her husband, herself and her sons, and now her son the king has been killed; therefore, she painted up her eyelids, lashes, and brows, she adorned her hair, all to make herself appear queen like and in control of the kingdom, and then she went to look out the window or lattice work and await Jehu's arrival for her.
II Kings 9:31 And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, “Had Zimri peace, who slew his master?” -> We read in I Kings 16:9 that Zimri was Elah’s—the son of Baasha whom Father had prophesied his death because he, like Jeroboam served the golden calves and continued in the idolatry of the asherah groves, when Baasha was killed, his son Elah took the throne—Captain of half his chariot forces, and that he conspired against Elah and murdered him. So, what Jezebel is saying to Jehu as he comes walking toward her is that he, like Zimri, was a murderer for killing her son in order to take over the kingdom. Of course, she know and understood Father YHVH had His say in the matter because Baasha, Elah, Ahab, herself, her son and grandson, like Jeroboam, all honored, served, and worshiped baal, the golden calves and held their orgies in the asherah groves, and caused all the people in the northern territories to do the same.
Zimri=“Fifth sovereign of the separate kingdom of Israel, of which he occupied the throne for the brief period of seven days. Originally in command of half the chariots in the royal army, he gained the crown by the murder of King Elah; son of Baasha. But the army made their general, Omri, king, who marched against Tirzah, where Zimri was. Zimri retreated into the innermost part of the late king's palace, set it on fire, and perished in the ruins I Kings 16:9-20.”.
II Kings 9:32 And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, “Who is on my side? who?” And there looked out to him two or three eunuchs. -> Unfazed by Jezebel's accusation, Jehu continued walking toward her while at the same time calling out asking if anyone in her house was tired of her reign and antics, and on the side of righteousness? There were several of her servants, who heard Jehu, and I'm sure—especially after what we have read concerning Jezebel, she must have been an extremely hard woman to work for—who must have been pleased to accommodate him, and picked the queen up and threw her out the window.
9:33 Jezebel’s death.
II Kings 9:33 And he said, “Throw her down.” So they threw her down: and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he trode her under foot. -> As we read here, when she hit the ground, she obviously hit with enough force that she splatted and her blood spattered onto the wall of the house and also onto Jehu's horses; so, if the fall itself and her hitting the ground didn't kill her, Jehu ensured she was dead by having his horses stomp upon her and trample her under their hoofs.
This brings to my mind the singing of the munchkins in the movie, "The Wizard of Oz," where they were singing concerning the death of the evil wicked witch who died when Dorothy's house fell upon her, singing, "Ding dong! The witch is dead. Which old witch? The wicked witch!".
9:34 Jezebel’s carcase.
II Kings 9:34 And when he was come in, he did eat and drink, and said, “Go, see now this cursed woman, and bury her: for she is a king's daughter.” -> &nbAfter Jehu trode upon Jezebel ensuring her death, he then went into her palace, got himself something to eat and drink, and then after he relaxed for a short time, he told the eunuchs to go and bury her lifeless corpse; after all, she was the daughter of a "king" and therefore deserved a decent burial.
Yes, her father Eth-baal was the king of Zidon, the Phoenician city of Tyre; however, Jehu's statement is almost for "show" as; he knew the prophesy—of I Kings 21:23—concerning her, and that the dogs would consume her dead carcass, leaving almost nothing to bury.
9:35 Jezebel’s carcase.
II Kings 9:35 And they went to bury her: but they found no more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands. -> Sure enough, when the eunuchs went down to collect her, all they found were her head, feet and her open hands which I'm sure that, after the dogs got done with her, there wasn't a whole lot of meat left on her bones.
9:36 Exclamation of Jehu.
II Kings 9:36 Wherefore they came again, and told him. And he said, “This is the word of the LORD, which He spake by His servant Elijah (God of YHVH; or, my God is YHVH) the Tishbite (recourse), saying, In the portion of Jezreel shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel: -> Father's prophesy came to pass exactly as spoken, and exactly as written.
Elijah=“Has been well entitled "the grandest and the most romantic character that Israel ever produced." "Elijah the Tishbite,... of the inhabitants of Gilead" is literally all that is given us to know of his parentage and locality. Of his appearance as he "stood before" Ahab with the suddenness of motion to this day characteristic of the Bedouins from his native hills, we can perhaps realize something from the touches, few but strong, of the narrative. His chief characteristic was his hair, long and thick, and hanging down his back. His ordinary clothing consisted of a girdle of skin round his loins, which he tightened when about to move quickly I Kings 18:46. But in addition to this he occasionally wore the "mantle" or cape of sheepskin which has supplied us with one of our most familiar figures of speech. His introduction, in what we may call the first act of his life, is the most startling description. He suddenly appears before Ahab, prophesies a three-years drought in Israel, and proclaims the vengeance of Jehovah for the apostasy of the king. Obliged to flee from the vengeance of king, or more probably of the queen (compare with I Kings 19:2) he was directed to the brook Cherith. There in the hollow of the torrent bed he remained, supported in the miraculous manner with which we are all familiar, till the failing of the brook obliged him to forsake it. His next refuge was at Zarephath. Here in the house of the widow woman Elijah performed the miracles of prolonging the oil and the meal, and restored the son of the widow to life after his apparent death I Kings 17. In this or some other retreat an interval of more than two years must have elapsed. The drought continued, and at last the full horrors of famine, caused by the failure of the crops, descended on Samaria. Again Elijah suddenly appears before Ahab. There are few more sublime stories in history than the account of the succeeding events --with the servant of Jehovah and his single attendant on the one hand, and the 850 prophets of Baal on the other; the altars, the descending fire of Jehovah consuming both sacrifice and altar; the rising storm, and the ride across the plain to Jezreel 1 Kings 18. Jezebel vows vengeance, and again Elijah takes refuge in flight into the wilderness, where he is again miraculously fed, and goes forward, in the strength of that food, a journey of forty days to the mount of God, even to Horeb, where he takes refuge in a cave, and witnesses a remarkable vision of YHVH I Kings 19:9-18. He receives the divine communication, and sets forth in search of Elisha, whom he finds ploughing in the field, and anoints him prophet in his place I Kings 19. For a time little is heard of Elijah, and Ahab and Jezebel probably believed they had seen the last of him. But after the murder of Naboth, Elijah, who had received an intimation from Jehovah of what was taking place, again suddenly appears before the king, and then follow Elijah's fearful denunciation of Ahab and Jezebel, which may possibly be recovered by putting together the words recalled by Jehu II Kings 9:26,36,37, and those given in I Kings 21:19-25. A space of three or four years now elapses (compare with I Kings 22:1,51; II Kings 1:17) before we again catch a glimpse of Elijah. Ahaziah is on his death-bed I Kings 22:51; II Kings 1:1-2, and sends to an oracle or shrine of Baal to ascertain the issue of his illness; but Elijah suddenly appears on the path of the messengers, without preface or inquiry utters his message of death, and as rapidly disappears. The wrathful king sends two bands of soldiers to seize Elijah, and they are consumed with fire; but finally the prophet goes down and delivers to Ahaziah's face the message of death. No long after Elijah sent a message to Jehoram denouncing his evil doings, and predicting his death II Chronicles 21:12-15. It was at Gilgal --probably on the western edge of the hills of Ephraim-- that the prophet received the divine intimation that his departure was at hand. He was at the time with Elisha, who seems now to have become his constant companion, and who would not consent to leave him. "And it came to pass as they still went on and talked, that, behold, a chariot of fire and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven." Fifty men of the sons of the prophets ascended the abrupt heights behind the town, and witnessed the scene. How deep was the impression which he made on the mind of the nation may be judged of from the fixed belief which many centuries after prevailed that Elijah would again appear for the relief and restoration of his country, as Malachi prophesied Malachi 4:5. He spoke, but left no written words, save the letter to Jehoram king of Judah II Chronicles 21:12-15.".
Tishbite=“The well-known designation of Elijah I Kings 17:1; 21:17,18; II Kings 1:3,8; 9:36. The name naturally points to a place called Tishbeh, Tishbi, or rather perhaps Tesheb, as the residence of the prophet. Assuming that a town is alluded to as Elijah's native place, it is not necessary to infer that it was itself in Gilead, as many have imagined. The commentators and lexicographers, with few exceptions, adopt the name "Tishbite" as referring to the place Thisbe in Naphtali which is found in the Septuagint text of Tobit 1:2.”.
9:37 Exclamation of Jehu.
II Kings 9:37 And the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; so that they shall not say, ‘This is Jezebel.’ ” -> What this is saying is that, no more will anybody be able to look upon Jezebel's cadaver and be able to recognize it as once belonging to the woman once known as Jezebel, the daughter and wife of kings.
This Bible Study was written by Scott Reis and is provided in order to be used as a private Bible Study Tool. Therefore, it may be copied in whole or in part and shared for private Bible Study; however, it may not be reproduced and published as an original work.