|* I Kings 12
I Kings 11 ended with Solomon returning Home to Father. As I said at the end of I Kings 11, Solomon did a lot of good things during his reign as king; however, we must also be cognizant of the reality, and remember that, he also had fallen away from Father, which cost him severely, and it is this, that I’d now—before we begin this chapter I Kings 12—like to take the time and expound upon briefly. His falling away from Father and worshipping satan, false gods and idols came about because of several factors: (1) remember back in I Kings 10 when the queen of Sheba came to him to prove him, remember she came to ask him those “hard questions?” What she was really doing was, introducing him to the ways of satan as, that is what some of those “hard questions” really were, in other words, they were dark sentences, i.e. mysticism. “Hard questions” in the Strong’s Concordance, in the Hebrew, is Hebrew word number H2420 - חידה, chı̂ydâh, pronounced - khee-daw', and means: From H2330; a puzzle; hence a trick, conundrum, sententious maxim: - dark saying (sentence, speech), hard question, proverb, riddle.. So, we see that she was not only proving him by asking him some very difficult questions, proverbs and\or riddles; but, also with “dark sayings.” You’ll also notice when you look up “H2420” in the Strong’s Concordance that it ties in with the “dark sayings” in Father’s Word; however, the queen’s dark sayings, or hard questions—just like the Philistine’s riddles in the Book of Judges—are not the same as they are when Father uses them or when one of his People use them. When Father or one of His People speaks of the "dark sayings," He or they are referring to what the ancients--the remnant--spoke, i.e. the Truth in Father’s Word, the knowledge the Remnant were to pass down from the Foundation of the World. For the queen’s part, she was leading Solomon away from Father, toward mysticism, in other words, towards satan as, he was hard at work on Solomon to draw him away from Father; and (2) Solomon’s turning away from Father was also because of his association with Hiram the kenite, of the land of Tyre, and also the foreign women that he lusted after and took to himself. Solomon and Hiram had bonded together and became close; he also bonded with the Zidonian people of Tyre, hence where he had gotten some of his wives and concubines. Many years previous, when Hiram had first befriended David and then his son Solomon, Solomon got to see the women of Tyre and became enthralled with them, and then when he became king, he took many of these Kenite women as concubines, in doing so, he also brought in these women's—satan’s—religion. We know that David never got caught up in, or messed around with the realm of mysticism, because Father says so in I Kings 11:38; so, even though David and Hiram were friends, they never mixed their religions like Solomon and Hiram did. David is a great example for us living today as, by his not mixing religions with Hiram, shows us that we too can go near unto the lost--read that the gentile, the heathen, the pagan--in order to be an example to them and show them Christ; but, not to take back with us when we depart from them, their false religions. Hiram and David were only associates enough that Hiram was providing the materials that David needed to build the Temple to Father; but, years later as Hiram was constructing the Temple with Solomon, he was also busy teaching Solomon the realm of satan's world. For his part, as we know, Solomon readily\greedily accepted it into Israel. See, it wasn't that "just he" was doing this; but, that he reintroduced it into Israel--after it had been eradicated for over 100 years--in order that all the people were also now practicing the worship of satan, false gods, and idols. It was this which got him into trouble with Father.
We read in Genesis 28 that Jacob dreamed of a ladder, or staircase which reached straight to heaven and that there were the angels ascending and descending; however, the staircase which Solomon built many hundreds of years later which connected Mount Zion and Mount Moriah was spiral, and is symbolical of his spiraling down into the heart of mysticism.
12:1-15 REHOBOAM. (Introversions.)
12:1 Rehoboam. Accession to kingdom.
I Kings 12:1 And Rehoboam (a people has enlarged; or, He enlarged a people) went to Shechem (ridge; or, shoulder): for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king. -> Rehoboam is Solomon's son, so, this is normal progression as, the eldest son receives the firstfruits, in this case that means ascending to the throne, thus making him the fourth man king of Israel. In Rehoboam's father Solomon's case though; Father had said he and not Amnon David's firstborn would ascend to be the third man king of Israel.
Shechem is approximately 34 miles north of Jerusalem, very near the territories of the ten northern tribes, and will very shortly become the capital of the ten northern tribes. We have read a lot of history concerning this Shechem, beginning with Jacob coming to this land in Genesis 33 as he was leaving his father-in-law--Laban, his mother's brother,--in order to return to his home land--Canaan--and see his brother Esau. Of course when he departed Canaan, Esau had wanted to kill him; but, now, after having been gone for 20+ years he figures it safe to return. Anyway, Jacob with his wives, sons and at least one daughter--Dinah--stop in this land of Shechem where he buys a parcel of land from Hamor--we don't know his name as Hamor, like pharaoh and abimelech are titles--the Hivite prince of the land. As we see, these people are those who have been messing with and mating with the fallen angels. So, anyway, Dinah goes out one day to see the daughters of the land and Hamor's son Shechem sees her and rapes her, later, after he has done this dastardly deed, tells his father he wants to marry Dinah. So, then come to Jacob and offer to give their daughters to Jacob's sons and their sons to Jacob's daughters, in order that they all dwell together and be merry. The sons of Jacob--namely Simeon and Levi--tell them that the only way this could happen is if the men of Shechem first come under the law of the God of Abraham, which means that they must be first circumcised. The men of Shechem agree, and as they're sore and recovering, Simeon and Levi go and slay every male in the city of Shechem. The Israelites then took all the herds, sheep and asses, all their women and children and fled Shechem and went to Beth-el where Jacob told them to give unto him all the strange gods that they had taken from Shechem, Jacob buries these idols under an oak tree. We next read of Shechem in Genesis 37 as young 17 year old Joseph is sent by Jacob to find his brothers who are supposed to be shepherding Jacob's sheep. Of course, his brothers are not in Shechem where they are supposed to be, no, they are in Dothan sluffing off. When Joseph finds them they throw him into the pit in order that he not be able to go back and report their activity to Jacob, a band of Ishmaelites come by and they sell young Joseph to them who take him down into Egypt, and Joseph's brothers all tell Jacob that their brother was slain by an animal as they handed him Joseph's coat that Jacob had given him. As can be read in Joshua 24, it was in Shechem that our forefathers buried the bones of Joseph after having brought them out of Egypt and carrying them with them for their 40 years of wandering in the wilderness. We next read in Father's Word--Judges 9--that it was in Shechem that the first usurper--Abimelech--took over the kingdom as ruler, after having slain 70 of his brethren.
Dr. Bullinger in his companion notes explains all the information I put above, this way: "Shechem, a national sanctuary (Joshua 24:1). Now a Nablous, a corruption of Neapolis, the (new town) of Vespasian. The site of Abraham's first altar, Jacob's first home. Here the tribes met. Here Joseph was buried. All this before Jebus became Jerusalem. Hence the envy of Ephraim for Judah (Isaiah 11:13). Degraded by new name, Sychar=drunkenness (Isaiah 28:1-7). Yet here alone in all the world is the Paschal lamb still slain.".
Rehoboam=The successor of Solomon on the throne, and apparently his only son. He was the son of Naamah "the Ammonitess," some well-known Ammonitish princess I Kings 12:1; II Chronicles 10:1. He was forty-one years old when he ascended the throne, and he reigned seventeen years. Although he was acknowledged at once as the rightful heir to the throne, yet there was a strongly-felt desire to modify the character of the government. The burden of taxation to which they had been subjected during Solomon's reign was very oppressive, and therefore the people assembled at Shechem and demanded from the king an alleviation of their burdens. He went to meet them at Shechem, and heard their demands for relief I Kings 12:4. After three days, having consulted with a younger generation of courtiers that had grown up around him, instead of following the advice of elders, he answered the people haughtily (6-15). "The king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the Lord" (compare 11:31. This brought matters speedily to a crisis. The terrible cry was heard (Compare II Samuel 20:1): "What portion have we in David? Neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: To your tents, O Israel: Now see to thine own house, David" I Kings 12:16. And now at once the kingdom was rent in twain. Rehoboam was appalled, and tried concessions, but it was too late (18). The tribe of Judah, Rehoboam's own tribe, alone remained faithful to him. Benjamin was reckoned along with Judah, and these two tribes formed the southern kingdom, with Jerusalem as its capital; while the northern ten tribes formed themselves into a separate kingdom, choosing Jeroboam as their king. Rehoboam tried to win back the revolted ten tribes by making war against them, but he was prevented by the prophet Shemaiah I Kings 1:21-24; II Chronicles 11:1-4 from fulfilling his purpose (See JEROBOAM). In the fifth year of Rehoboam's reign, Shishak (q.v.), one of the kings of Egypt of the Assyrian dynasty, stirred up, no doubt, by Jeroboam his son-in-law, made war against him. Jerusalem submitted to the invader, who plundered the temple and virtually reduced the kingdom to the position of a vassal of Egypt I Kings 14:25,26; II Chronicles 12:5-9. A remarkable memorial of this invasion has been discovered at Karnac, in Upper Egypt, in certain sculptures on the walls of a small temple there. These sculptures represent the king, Shishak, holding in his hand a train of prisoners and other figures, with the names of the captured towns of Judah, the towns which Rehoboam had fortified II Chronicles 11:5-12. The kingdom of Judah, under Rehoboam, sank more and more in moral and spiritual decay. "There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days." At length, in the fifty-eighth year of his age, Rehoboam "slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David" I Kings 14:31. He was succeeded by his son Abijah (See EGYPT) ..
Shechem=An important city in central Palestine, in the valley between mounts Ebal and Gerizim, 34 miles north of Jerusalem and 7 miles southeast of Samaria. Its present name, Nablus , is a corruption of Neapolis, which succeeded the more ancient Shechem, and received its new name from Vespasian. On coins still extant it is called Flavia Neapolis. The situation of the town is one of surpassing beauty. It lies in a sheltered valley, protected by Gerizim on the south and Ebal on the north. The feet of these mountains, where they rise from the town, are not more than five hundred yards apart. The bottom of the valley is about 1800 feet above the level of the sea, and the top of Gerizim 800 feet higher still. The site of the present city, which was also that of the Hebrew city, occurs exactly on the water-summit; and streams issuing from the numerous springs there flow down the opposite slopes of the valley, spreading verdure and fertility in every direction. Travellers vie with each other in the language which they employ to describe the scene that here bursts so suddenly upon them on arriving in spring or early summer at this paradise of the holy land. "The whole valley," says Dr. Robinson, "was filled with gardens of vegetables and orchards of all kinds of fruits, watered by fountains which burst forth in various parts and flow westward in refreshing streams. it came upon us suddenly like a scene of fairy enchantment. We saw nothing to compare with it in all Palestine." The allusions to Shechem in the Bible are numerous, and show how important the place was in Jewish history. Abraham, on his first migration to the land of promise, pitched his tent and built an altar under the oak (or terebinth) of Moreh at Shechem. "The Canaanite was then in the land;" and it is evident that the region, if not the city, was already in possession of the aboriginal race Genesis 12:6. At the time of Jacobs arrival here, after his sojourn in Mesopotamia Genesis 33:18,34. Shechem was a Hivite city, of which Hamor, the father of Shechem, was the headman. it was at this time that the patriarch purchased from that chieftain "the parcel of the field" which he subsequently bequeathed, as a special patrimony, to his son Joseph Genesis 33:19; Joshua 23:32; John 4:5. The field lay undoubtedly on the rich plain of the Mukhna , and its value was the greater on account of the well which Jacob had dug there, so as not to be dependent on his neighbors for a supply of water. In the distribution of the land after its conquest by the Hebrews, Shechem fell to the lot of Ephraim Joshua 20:7, but was assigned to the Levites, and became a city of refuge Joshua 21:20,21. It acquired new importance as the scene of the renewed promulgation of the law, when its blessings were heard from Gerizim and its curses from Ebal, and the people bowed their heads and acknowledged Jehovah as their king and ruler I Kings 27:11; Joshua 24:23-25. It was here Joshua assembled the people, shortly before his death, and delivered to them his last counsels Joshua 24:1,25. After the death of Gideon, Abimelech, his bastard son, induced the Shechemites to revolt from the Hebrew commonwealth and elect him as king Judges 9:1. ... In revenge for his expulsion after a reign of three years, Abimelech destroyed the city, and as an emblem of the fate, to which he would consign it, sowed the ground with salt Judges 9:34-35. It was soon restored, however, for we are told in I Kings 12:1. ... that all Israel assembled at Shechem, and Rehoboam, Solomon's successor, went thither to be inaugurated as king. here, at this same place, the ten tribes renounced the house of David, and transferred their allegiance to Jeroboam I kings 12:16, under whom Shechem became for a time the capital of his kingdom. From the time of the origin of the Samaritans, the history of Shechem blends itself with that of this people and of their sacred mount, Gerizim. [SAMARIA] Shechem reappears in the New Testament. It is the SYCHAR of John 4:5 near which the Saviour conversed with the Samaritan woman at Jacobs well. The population of Nablus consists of about 5000, among whom are 500 Greek Christians, 150 Samaritans, and a few Jews. The enmity between the Samaritans and jews is as inveterate still as it was in the days of Christ. The Mohammedans, of course, make up the bulk of the population. The well of Jacob and the tomb of Joseph are still shown in the neighborhood of the town. The well of Jacob lies about a mile and a half east of the city, close to the lower road, and just beyond the wretched hamlet of Balata . The Christians sometimes call it Bir es-Samariyeh-- "the well of the Samaritan woman." The well is deep --75 feet when last measured --and there was probably a considerable accumulation of rubbish at the bottom. Sometimes it contains a few feet of water, but at others it is quite dry. It is entirely excavated in the solid rock, perfectly round, 9 feet in diameter, with the sides hewn smooth and regular. Of all the special localities of our Lords life, this is almost the only one absolutely undisputed. The tomb of Joseph lies about a quarter of a mile north of the well, exactly in the centre of the opening of the valley. It is a small between Gerizim and Ebal. It is a small, square enclosure of high whitewashed walls, surrounding a tomb of the ordinary kind, but with the peculiarity that it is placed diagonally to the walls, instead of parallel as usual. A rough pillar used as an altar and black with the traces of fire is at the head and another at the foot of the tome. In the walls are two slabs with Hebrew inscriptions, and the interior is almost covered with the names of pilgrims in Hebrew Arabic and Samaritan. Beyond this there is nothing to remark in the structure itself. The local tradition of the tomb, like that of the well is as old as the beginning of the fourth century. The son of Hamor, the chieftain of the Hivite settlement of Shechem at the time of Jacob's arrival Genesis 33:19; 34:2-26; Joshua 24:32; Judges 9:28..
12:2-4 Petition of Jeroboam. Made.
I Kings 12:2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard of it, (for he was fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam dwelt in Egypt;) -> We learned in I Kings 11 that Father's Prophet Ahijah had gone to Jeroboam and told him that though Rehoboam would be the next king of Israel, Father was going to divide the House of Israel into two Nations and that he--Jeroboam--would be king over the larger portion of the two separate Houses. Solomon also heard of this, and he desired to kill Jeroboam in order to keep the kingdom under the rule of his offspring, therefore Jeroboam fled for his life down to Egypt; however, now that Solomon has returned Home to Father, Jeroboam decides it is now safe to return to Israel.
Jeroboam son of Nebat=There is sort of a difference here between the Book of Kings and the Book of Chronicles in that, here in Kings, we had the fortune of having read I Kings 11:26:40 and reading of how Jeroboam was selected by Father to be the king of the House of Israel, while Rehoboam will have the House of Judah, in Chronicles there was no Chapter explaining this information, and it is thus assumed that the reader has read I Kings 11:26-40 to learn this information.
I Kings 12:3 That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying, -> They=They being the people whom first Solomon and now his son Rehoboam have been oppressing by utilizing them as forced labor. Again, Solomon had called Jeroboam to see him in order to make him a taskmaster over his own brethren of the House of Israel. Jeroboam had been a very industrious man, Solomon took notice and decided that he could make better use of him, if he put a whip in his hand, and used him to make the rest of his own brethren work just as hard as Jeroboam had been working. It was about that time that Ahijah came to Jeroboam and told him that he'd be one of the two kings over Israel, Solomon heard of this and that was when and why Jeroboam fled to Egypt. Now that Solomon has died, his brethren had sent for him to return in order to lead them.
Jeroboam, now back from Egypt and with his brethren behind him, have come to seek an audience with Rehoboam in order to ask for a lighter tasking; again, it isn't that the men don't want to be hard workers, as it isn't the hard work that is bothering them, it the non-stop building appetite that Solomon had, and appears that Rehoboam will continue. The men are just asking that they slow down somewhat in order that they be able to spend time with their families and what-not.
How will Rehoboam accept this bit of news? We'll find that he at least does somewhat of the correct thing in that he seeks the counsel of his advisers, not only his; but those of his father's as well, the bad news--for the men of the House of Israel--is that he'll throw off the advice of Solomon's counselors in favor of those of his peers. He'll reply that not only will he continue as his father had; but, make it even more grievous that what they endured under Solomon. I'm reminded of a future to this time, when our Lord Jesus walked in the flesh, He told the people something else concerning being yoked, we can read of it in Matthew 11: Matthew 11:29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. [11:30] For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. -> Both king Solomon and Rehoboam's yoke and burden were heavy, our Lord's tells us to yoke ourselves with Him and He'll take upon Him the heavier burden in order to make our burdens light.
I Kings 12:4 “Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee.” -> Jeroboam and the people tell Rehoboam to slack up some, but he won't. In reality, this heavy burden shouldn't have come as a surprise to the Israelites as, Father told Samuel this is what a man king would do, we can read of that in I Samuel 8:10-19: I Samuel 8:10 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king. -> The people asked for a man king and Father through His Prophet Samuel warned them what would happen should they desire a man to be set over them. [8:11] And he said, "This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots. -> This came to pass with their very first king - Saul, in I Samuel 14:52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he took him unto him.. It doesn't matter whether you are under a king, republic or a democracy; the government will always make conscripts out of your sons, and today, your daughters, too. [ 8:12] And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots. -> Ear=This is an old Angelo-Saxon term meaning to plough. And to make him instruments of war...=Father through Samuel is told our forefathers exactly what would happen when they set "their man king" that they desire to be set over them as like the nations around them; and what is boiled down to is this: it is the king who appoints who will be in charge over the soldiers and laborers, and it just does not matter what the people think. What Father is saying here is that the king decides whether you will carry a gun or sent to the field to plow the land and reap the harvest. The king will keep the factories going, and maintaining the weapons of war. [8:13] And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers. -> Are you sure you want a man king? For he will have the power to take your daughters and make them objects for his own use, i.e. to sweeten some of them up for his sexual service, or use them as cooks and bakers in his kitchens. The king will control all parts of your life, and demand obedience to his desires. [8:14] And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants. -> This will come to pass in I Kings 21 when king Ahab sees the vineyard of Naboth and desires it for himself. King Ahab asks Naboth for his field, to which Naboth tells the king - no; of course Naboth (1) liked his vineyard; and (2) more importantly, Naboth was following the Law of Father as outlined in the Books of Leviticus and Numbers 36:7-9. [8:15] And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants. -> He will take the tenth=Here in the USA, this happens every year on April fifteenth of each year the Government through the IRS collects it's portion of your seed, vineyards, and payroll to provide for the public servants and the needs of government. This is the same in a Republic as it is in a kingdom such as England. Taxes truly are necessary; however, when corruption creeps in, then unnecessary taxes are collected. [8:16] And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work. -> At least with theocracy, whereby Father through a Judge ruled His children, it was Father doing the judging and leaving man out of the equation, in other words, it was fair and just. As we’re reading of here in I Kings 11 and 12, with a monarchy, man judges men and they like to leave Father out of the equation—no fairness or righteousness. [8:17] He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants. -> Yes, Father required a tithe - of every one, a tenth of part of ones increase. He was fair and said: a Tenth of your herd, flocks, seed, corn or oil and that was what He meant. [8:18] And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day." -> Which ye shall have chosen you=Father is told them up front, you desired a man be you set over you and when—not if, but when—he starts taking all the best of what you have; don't come whining to me about it as I don't want to hear about it because I told you this would happen. Father has now laid out all the problems and heartache that a man king will cause in their lives, letting them know up front that they'll whine, cry, scream and kick at what they receive by their men king. Do you think they'll listen or continue in their pursuit of having a man king set over them? [8:19] Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, "Nay; but we will have a king over us; -> The people refused to obey...and said "nay"=They basically said that what Father and Samuel said was foolishness; because no man would ever do that to us, we're selecting him from among ourselves and not one of us would do that to ourselves.
I Kings 12:5 And he said unto them, “Depart yet for three days, then come again to me.” And the People departed. -> After hearing all that Jeroboam and the House of Israel had to say in their requesting a lighter burden and yoke, Rehoboam sends them away while he consults his advisors, telling the House of Israel to return to him in three days and he'll give them an answer.
12:6-11 Answered considered.
I Kings 12:6 And king Rehoboam consulted with the old men, that stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, and said, “How do ye advise that I may answer this People?” -> Rehoboam first seeks the counsel of Solomon's advisors to see what answer they would give him. Again, this in an intelligent thing to do as, these men are wise sages having lived many years, hearing the wisdom of the wisest man to have walked in the flesh to this point in time, and seeing many of the things that Israel has been through. These elders also knew that Rehoboam was not his father Solomon, and therefore he could not expect the same from the men of Israel that his father had. Rehoboam had to relate to the men of Israel based upon who he was, and not on who his father was. Had he shown humility and kindness to the men of Israel, they would have loved him and served him with a glad heart forever. Sadly, Rehoboam's seeking them is only for "show" as, he'll forgo what they advise in favor of what his own counselors will recommend, and it isn't going to be pretty for the men of the House of Israel.
I said Rehoboam "first seeks counsel from Solomon's advisors, and that it was an intelligent thing to do" and I stand by that statement; however, with that being said, he should have truly first sought out the counsel of Father; but, he'll next seek the same from young men his own age. He never once--at least not that it's written--seeks counsel from the most important One Who can provide the best counsel: Father. We can see where his young mind is; or, should I say isn't, because right now it appears that he is not right with Father, walking His Path. He has been afforded the life of luxury because of who his father and grandfather were, and therefore, his mind is nowhere near Father.
I Kings 12:7 And they spake unto him, saying, “If thou wilt be a servant unto this People this day, and wilt serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be thy servants for ever.” -> Solomon's counselors tell Rehoboam that he should concur with and grant the request of Jeroboam and the men of the House of Israel, who say that, should he make their burden lighter, they'll work harder and thus give better output, which in turn will result in a better product. Not only that; but, they'll serve him with pleasure and joy all the days that he's on the throne. What will Rehoboam do with this prudent counsel?
I Kings 12:8 But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, and which stood before him: -> Rehoboam--and we can't be too hard in him as, he is like most young men his age, myself included--didn't like what the elder statesmen recommended, and therefore rejected their learned advice in favor of his young sottish advisors. Rehoboam favored the reckless "wisdom of youth" instead of sensible knowledge of elderly statesmen.
Sadly for everybody involved, Rehoboam's young counselors don't have the experience to be advising him concerning this or--for the most part,--any other matter. Remember these elders who he snubbed had been through the hard times, they saw the trouble of brother killing brother, and all the other troubles prior to Solomon's reign. They knew what a split kingdom would do to Israel; yet, Father laid it upon Rehoboam’s heart to rebuff them and take the advice of the young men. These youth had become callused to Father's ways, for they were the offspring of all of Solomon’s heathen wives and concubines, who offered sacrifices to idols, and in some cases, even offered their own children in living sacrifices. Brethren, one generation can make a lot of difference as far as falling away from the ways of Father YHVH. Rehoboam's generation had all been born into luxury and good times: Rehoboam's house, The Temple, the streets, had all been inlaid or overlaid with the finest of gold, and the most expensive woods from all over the world. They had everything that their little minds could imagine, and they had never witnessed the trouble that a war could bring upon them. The state of Solomon's kingdom was in good times, and they did not witness any of the hard times outside of Jerusalem. This is the mind set of those kids whom Rehoboam is asking for advice.
I Kings 12:9 And he said unto them, “What counsel give ye that we may answer this People, who have spoken to me, saying, ‘Make the yoke which thy father did put upon us lighter?’” -> So, after refusing the counsel of the elders, Rehoboam then turns to his friends and asks them, "OK, how do you say I should answer Jeroboam and Israel's request to make their burden and yoke lighter?"
Remember, these youngsters have never had to work for a day in their lives, they've lived the proverbial "silver Spoon in their mouths" life, though in the case here, it's been gold as, as we learned in I Kings 11, both gold and silver were so plentiful that silver was as stones on the street; and, it is these whom Rehoboam is going to turn to for advice. I ask you brethren; do you think they'll offer any valuable counsel?
I Kings 12:10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, “Thus shalt thou speak unto this People that spake unto thee, saying, ‘Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it lighter unto us;’ thus shalt thou say unto them, ‘My little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins. -> They answer Rehoboam--Just like the young fools they are--with a smart mouthed reply: "Rehoboam, you tell them that 'your little finger shall be thicker than your father's loins;'" this brethren, was a common Hebraism of the day which I'll not go into detail to explain; but, suffice it to say that they basically told Rehoboam to tell Jeroboam and Israel in unkind words, "no."
I Kings 12:11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.’” -> Did you notice in the previous verse that these young juveniles that Rehoboam is turning to for counsel, are all boys he grew up with from infancy? They are all in their early twenties and most are either his brothers, half-brothers or close family, i.e. cousins, yeah; there may be a friend or two amongst them; but, more likely than not, only one or two. For most of them, their daddy was "king Solomon," thus they are acting very arrogantly, and hence, their nasty reply.
Scorpions=We read back in I Kings 11 that Solomon used Jeroboam to be a taskmaster over Israel and use whips to get the men to perform to his standards, Rehoboam's young counselors tell him to not only continue using the whips; but, to now use a cat-o-nine-tails, which is a multiple-tailed whip with metal barbs on the ends, so that it not only cuts as it hits it's intended victim; but inflicts severe injury by tearing the flesh.
Whips=Our Israelite forefathers were familiar with whips as they were the badge of the Egyptian taskmasters.
I Kings 12:12 So Jeroboam and all the People came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, “Come to me again the third day.” -> Stop and put all this in perspective Brethren, since the Israelites desired and then gotten their wish for a man to rule over them, they have had men from only two tribes set over them: Saul a Benjamite, and David and his descendants—Solomon and now Rehoboam—of the tribe of Judah. Though in the time of David, there were at least two named Benjamites—Shimei in II Samuel 16 and Sheba in II Samuel 20:1—who show us that these two tribes were not always on the same page, and were indeed somewhat against each other as, the Benjamites were angry that the kingship had been removed from them; however, it is these same two tribes who will now make up the House of Judah. These two tribes for the most part have only seen the high side of life, for as I mentioned in my companion notes while explaining II Samuel 16:5, with having a man from your tribe being king, your tribe then received many perks, and thus far, they have known for the most part a gold plated world, with plenty to eat, entertainment and all the luxuries of life, while the other ten tribes have known only hardship and hard work, and it was they who provided the good times for the people in Jerusalem. Now Jeroboam and the men of the ten tribes have come to ask Rehoboam for an lighter load to bear, and Rehoboam and those who have only known this good life are not only saying “no;” but, are threatening to now not only use whips to get them to work harder; but, scorpions. There has to be a screw loose somewhere in Rehoboam's mind. Remember, Father had already let us know what the outcome is going to be, and it was even made known to Solomon by the prophets. There is a time to listen, and Rehoboam is just not listening to reason and common sense.
So, Jeroboam and company do as told and return to Rehoboam after waiting anxiously for three days for an answer. They're hoping against hope for some good news; but, that is not what Rehoboam has for them.
12:13 Petition of Jeroboam. Answered.
I Kings 12:13 And the king answered the People roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; -> There are Jeroboam and his company of men from the ten tribes, pleased to be there in from of the king and hoping to hear the good news; however, immediately upon opening his mouth the Israelites are shocked to hear that Rehoboam starts speaking cruelly to them and in a very harsh tone of voice.
Father's Will is coming to pass exactly as He spoke it. Jeroboam has already been told by Ahijah that he was going to be king over the ten northern tribes; so, he should have been expecting some of this from Rehoboam. He had been told it was going to happen, just not the "how" it was going to come about, now he knows.
12:14 Petition of Jeroboam. Answered.
I Kings 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, “My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.” -> Speaking very defiantly and sounding like a tyrant, Rehoboam--save for his leaving out the phrase "my little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins"--repeated the words of his advisors exactly as they uttered them to him, thus setting the stage for the rebellion which is about to come upon Israel.
12:15 Rehoboam. Rending of kingdom.
I Kings 12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the People; for the cause was from the LORD, that He might perform His saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat. -> The cause was from the LORD=Here it is brethren; Father was--as in this case--and is in control of all things. For negativity or bad things to happen, Father either directs them for his purpose; or, He allows them to come-to-pass in order to fulfill His plan. Look at the case of Job as our example, satan had to ask Father to remove His hedge of protection from around Job, he couldn't do it himself, nor could he do anything while the hedge was there around Job. So, after Father removed His hedge of protection, then and only then could satan attempt to temp Job to turn from Father, he never succeeded though. However, here in this case, Father had told Solomon through His Prophet Ahijah, that because of Solomon's worshipping, and causing all Israel to worship satan, and their false gods and idols, He was going to divide the Nation in two, and this is now coming to pass.
I Kings 12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, “What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David.” So Israel departed unto their tents. -> When Jeroboam and the men of the ten northern tribes of Israel heard the tripe coming out of the tyrant Rehoboam’s mouth, they knew then they were through with having anything more to do with this king and his running the Nation. They were fed-up, if the king wanted them to do anything further, it would be under duress, and even then there would be a fight. If he wants to rule as a dictator, it’ll be over his own tribe and not them, so they all--as one man--returned home to their own homes.
Father's plan for the Nation--His People--since they decided they no longer wanted Him as their King, Him as their God, Him as their Protector; He would let them be to their own demise. Brethren, pay close attention to this as, we are seeing the exact same thing in this Country--the USA, and also our brothers Great Britain and Canada--today. We too from our usurper-in-charge, to our Congress and Senate, to our Supreme Court, all three Branches of our Government have corrupted themselves because of their Pride and Power. We too will shortly feel Father's wrath for this; unless, we change our way.
To your tents=This is one of the eighteen emendations of the sopherim. The primitive text in the Codices read, "to your gods," because the sin here was the apostasy of the worship of Father YHVH in Jerusalem. The middle two letters were transposed thus making this read "to your tents," we first saw this with this phrase in I Samuel 20:1 and we can see it again in II Chronicles 10:16.
I Kings 12:17 But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them. -> As for the children of Israel=In other words, those people who were born into one of the ten northern tribes but were living in the territories of Judah, if they wanted to stay living where they were, then Rehoboam was king over them.
Dr. Bullinger points out in his companion notes that, "here was a nucleus of true worshippers constantly increased (I Kings 12:19; I Chronicles 9:3; II chronicles 10:17; 11:3,16,17; 15:9; 16:1; 19:8; 23:2; 30:1,5,10,11; 31:6). In Ezra 1:5; 2:2,59,70; 7:13; 9:1; 10:5, those returning of Judah's captivity are called "of Israel," and "all Israel," Ezra 2:2,70; 3:1; 6:21; 7:10,13; 8:25; 9:1; 10:1,2,5,10,25; Nehemiah 2:10; 7:7,61,73; 8:17; 10:33; 11:3; 12:47 Judah was thus always representative of "all Israel." Hence Acts 4:27, "the people of Israel," and Acts 2:14,22,36 "of Judah." The words are used interchangeably, except where otherwise stated. Also see I Chronicles 22:17, 23:2 and II chronicles 12:6 for "the princes of Israel," used of Judah before the division. Also, on the cause of the increase of Judah's valiant men of war from 400,000 to 800,000, the number steadily increased in Judah while decreasing in Israel: Rehoboam could assemble 180,000; Ahijah (eighteen years later), 400,000; Asa (six years later), 580,000; Jehoshaphat (thirty-two years later), 1,160,000. On the other hand, with Israel, Jeroboam could assemble 800,000, while Ahab's army was compared to "two little flocks of kids" in I Kings 20:7, which could not stand against the Syrians. This increase in Judah was caused by the constant emigration of Israelites from the ten northern tribes.".
I Kings 12:18 Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram (lord of height), who was over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. Therefore king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem. -> So, after Jeroboam and all the men of Israel return to their homes, Rehoboam--still thinking he is ruler over the ten northern tribes--sends his tax collector Adoram to collect the annual tribute from the ten northern tribes. What do they do? They rebel by stoning Adoram to death, and thus send a strong message to Rehoboam that, they--as they stated--are no longer under his reign or control.
What we're seeing here, is a test of wills, Rehoboam--though only two tribes strong, thinks he is stronger than his new adversary--is testing his strength against the ten northern tribes, to see if they are indeed rebelling and breaking away from Israel: the new soon to be House of Judah. He does so by--going with his head tax collector--right into a hornets nest, and the hornets respond by stinging the intruder with stones until he dies. Rehoboam sees what happens to his "Revenuer" and decides that he is no longer safe in the northern territories; so, he climbs back onto his chariot and flees back to Jerusalem from Shechem, barely escaping with his life.
Stoned him=There are nine persons mentioned in Father's Word as being stoned, 8 to death, and one (Paul) who lived: The blasphemer of Leviticus 24:14; The sabbath-breaker of Numbers 15:36; Achan of Joshua 7:25; Abimelech of Judges 9:53; this Adoram here in I Kings 12:18 and II Chronicles 10:18, Naboth in I Kings 21:13; Zechariah in II chronicles 24:21; Steven in Acts 7:58 and Paul in Acts 14:19 see also concerning Paul in II Corinthians 11:25.
Adoram=Also Adoniram in I Kings 4:6 by an unusual contraction ADORAM, II Samuel 20:24 and I Kings 12:18, also HADORAM, II Chronicles 10:18 chief receiver of the tribute during the reigns of David II Samuel 20:24, Solomon I Kings 4:6, and Rehoboam I Kings 12:18. This last monarch sent him to collect the tribute from the rebellious Israelites, by whom he was stoned to death..
I Kings 12:19 So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day. -> Jeroboam and the men of Israel rebelled against and broke away from the House of Judah, and from now on, when you hear the name "ISRAEL" in Father’s Word, it is always referring to the ten northern tribes which make up "the House of Israel." They will occupy the territories in the northern kingdom, and their capital city will be "Samaria." The two tribes which make up the “House of Judah” comprise of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, with Jerusalem being their capital city. Both nations will have their own kings and separate governments: Jeroboam will be the first king over the House of Israel, while Rehoboam is over the house of Judah.
Sadly, many Christians—and even the “Jews” themselves—today, don’t comprehend or understand the difference between these two nations, and they get the two confused in their make-up; however, from this point forward, Father is going to deal with each Nation separately and individually. Just as they will have separate kings and governments, they will also have separate priests and prophets, likewise also, separate outcomes. Though both of these Nations will be scattered over time because of their whoring after false god and idols, Israel will be the first and Father will send them into captivity to the Assyrians approximately 745-722 B.C., they will then later be scattered because they then whore after the Assyrian’s gods, and once scattered, they become known as "Caucasians," because of their fleeing up, over the Caucasus Mountains and their spreading throughout Europe. About two hundred years after the House of Israel goes into captivity, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon will capture the House of Judah, when they come out of their captivity seventy years later led by Ezra and Nehemiah, the House of Judah will then be referred to as "the Jews," and many of the Israelites today still believe they are part of the House of Judah, but are not, they are of the House of Israel: the scattered ten tribes.
To this present day, the two Houses are still split and they will remain this way until the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ at the sounding of the seventh trumpet. We will not see the joining of these two peoples while still in our flesh bodies; for, it won’t be until Jesus’ 1,000 Millennium when Father’s Prophesy of Ezekiel 37 will come to pass, when the two sticks will be joined back together again.
Unto this day=Though we don't know exactly when this was written, this statement was certainly written before the removal of Israel in II Kings 17.
12:20-14:20 Israel. Jeroboam I.
12:20 Jeroboam. Accession.
I Kings 12:20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only. -> All Israel=This is put for and to include all the ten northern tribes, now known as the House of Israel, just as Judah only is put--as I explained in my companion notes in I Kings 11:32--to include the tribes of Judah, Simeon, Benjamin and Levi. We'll see further evidence of this in the next verse v12:23.
From this point on, there is a difference between the Book of Kings and the Book of Chronicles as, the Book of Kings
continues and covers the events of both Houses: Israel and Judah; whereas, the Book of Chronicles will basically cover the events only of the kings of Judah.
12:21-24 Reign. Assured.
I Kings 12:21 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon. -> Rehoboam was none too pleased being told that Jeroboam and the House of Israel was rebelling, breaking away and no longer going to be under Rehoboam's authority, control and rule. He's had all this chariot ride back from Shechem to Jerusalem to steam over this and when he gets back he has his men start assembling his war-fighters in order to go to war against Jeroboam and the men of Israel. I guess he should have listened to his learned elder statesman and not his young fools, I guess also that, his father Solomon should have told him that this was part of Father's plan since he--Solomon--led the Nation away from serving and worshipping Father, and to the worship his wives' false gods and idols.
One hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men=We read back in II Samuel 24:9: II Samuel 24:9 And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people unto the king: and there were in Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men that drew the sword; and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men. -> Yes, at the time, Joab gave up the sum of the number there in II Samuel 24 as, the sum of the number 500,000, but in I Chronicles 21:5 we read that it's 470,000, the reason for this was because in II Samuel 24 the number of men included "all the men that drew the sword," as, compared to I Chronicles 21, where we read that "they were valiant men that drew the sword." Of Judah though, we also find in I Chronicles 21:6 that Joab didn't count the Tribes of Levi and Benjamin, it further stated the reason Joab did not count them was, because, Joab thought it an abomination to take the that numbering anyway.
I Kings 12:22 But the word of God came unto Shemaiah (YAH has heard; or heard by YHVH) the man of God, saying, -> As Rehoboam is assembling all his warriors in order to go to war against Jeroboam and the House of Israel; Father speaks to Shemaiah (YAH has heard)--one of His Prophets--and tells him to go to Rehoboam in order to tell him that he is not to go to war against his brethren. Father had heard alright; though Rehoboam had sought the counsel of both the elder statesmen and his young sottish counselors, he never sought Father to see what Father thought the best course of action was, or what He wanted, and he again never sought Father to see if he should go to war against Jeroboam and company; well, Father is about to tell him anyway.
Man of God=A prophet. The first occurrence of the use of this phrase was in Deuteronomy 33:1, for further examples and explanation, see Dr. Bullinger's Companion Bible appendix (49).
God=Father in His role of ELOHIM, Creator of all things.
Shemaiah=A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam I Kings 12:22; II chronicles 11:2. He wrote a chronicle containing the events of Rehoboam's reign II Chronicles 12:5,15..
I Kings 12:23 “Speak unto Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the remnant of the People, saying, -> King of Judah=Father tells Shemaiah--and He points out immediately to Shemaiah--that Rehoboam is king of Judah only, he is to notify Rehoboam of this fact.
I Kings 12:24 ‘Thus saith the LORD, “Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from Me.”’” They hearkened therefore to the word of the LORD, and returned to depart, according to the word of the LORD. -> This thing is from Me=Father told Shemaiah to tell Rehoboam that the division of the Nation--not the rebellion of Jeroboam--is of and by Him, He is dividing the Nation as a chastisement because of Solomon's apostasy and his own arrogance, we can compare this II Chronicles 13:4-12.
12:25-14:18 Reign. Events.
12:25-14:18 REIGN. EVENTS. (Introversion and Alternation.)
12:25 Reign. Beginning.
I Kings 12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel (face of YAH). -> Jeroboam didn't build Shechem as it has been around for centuries; however, as we'll discover, he fortified it. Upon Israel's moving into the Promised Land, Shechem was assigned to the Kohathite Levites as a refuge city, it was in the territory of Ephraim, right on the boundary with Manasseh; and now that the Nation is being ripped in two, the first thing Jeroboam does is fortify and strengthen this area against Rehoboam and Judah, and all Israel's other enemies. Jeroboam didn't stop with just Shechem, he also strengthened Penuel which lay on the east of the Jordan, this was a superb defensive move, as it protected and safeguarded their eastern flank; and would be defended by the men of Gad, Manasseh and Reuben. This strengthening included putting garrisons, armories, food, oil, and wine in these cities as can be read of in II Chronicles 11:11. Jeroboam was drawing up the battle lines on both his eastern and western fronts, securing his borders.
Penuel=Peniel, the name which Jacob gave to the place in which he had wrestled with God: "He called the name of the place 'face of El,' for I have seen ELOHIM face to face" Genesis 32:30. In Genesis 32:31 and the other passages—such as here in I Kings 12:24—in which the name occurs, its form is changed to PENUEL. From the narrative it is evident that Peniel lay somewhere on the north bank of the Jabbok, and between that torrent and the fords of the Jordan at Succoth, a few miles north of the glen where the Jabbok falls into the Jordan..
12:26-33 Idolatry. Commenced.
12:26-33 IDOLATRY. COMMENCED. (Division.)
12:26 Jeroboam. Fear.
I Kings 12:26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, “Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: -> Jeroboam is about to go off the deep-end, down into paranoia, as, he's afraid that he's about to lose control of the ten tribes back to Rehoboam. And just like Rehoboam, he isn't seeking Father and what Father wants. See, in Jeroboam's mind, he knows that the Temple is in Jerusalem and that there isn't any place of worship in Israel, so, he fears that if he allows the people--his people--to go back to Jerusalem to worship Father YHVH; that, either Rehoboam will force them to stay, or that they'll desire to stay on their own and not return to him. He is about to err big time and be punished for it too.
12:27 Jeroboam. Fear.
I Kings 12:27 If this People go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah.” -> Notice "lord" is in lower case, thus Jeroboam is meaning Rehoboam and not Father YHVH; however, in Jeroboam's mind, he is figuring that once the people of Israel go back to Jerusalem to worship Father, they'll see how good things are there in the southern territories under Rehoboam, and that they'll want to return to the northern territories only to kill him for what he has done to the Nation. Therefore the apostasy that he is about to bring upon the ten northern tribes will be deliberate, designed and determined, for he is about to build two altars with two golden calves, one will be in Bethel and the other in Dan for all the House of Israel to come to worship at: thus forsaking Father YHVH.
12:28-33 Jeroboam. Expedients.
12:28-33 JEROBOAM. EXPEDIENTS. (Division.)
12:28-30 Idolatry. The two calves.
I Kings 12:28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.” -> All this counsel seeking by both Jeroboam and Rehoboam and neither one of them sought Father, oh, how this hurt Him!
Father has given us many wonderful promises in His Word which still apply to us today. The point is; is that we have to accept and believe in those promises; and we have to have the faith to act upon them, for they just won't be of any good to those of unbelief. Jeroboam only acted upon the promises which seemed good to himself, and he disregarded every other one. He has only doubt, and he obviously has not yet written his own copy of The Law, nor has he read it, for, if he had he, he’d recall what happened the last time Israel built a golden calf to worship and say “this is our god that bought us up out of Egypt.” That transpired back in Exodus 32, as Moses was leading the Israelites up out of Egypt and he was up on Mount Sinai receiving the Ten Commandments from Father. Now here we are several hundred years later and here is Jeroboam doing the same thing. It's just unbelievable that Jeroboam is now again about to try and replace the altar of God with two golden calves. Like Aaron's reply to his brother, this whole statement was a lie, for when the Israelites left Egypt it was because Father fulfilled His Promise to Abram that his offspring would be a stranger in a strange land for 400 years, the 400 years was up and Father delivered them from the Egyptians. Then there was Moses up on the Mount. Jeroboam missed the entire message of Exodus 32, for it was the people’s defiance against Father that forced Aaron to take the golden ear rings and all the gold that Father had Blessed them with as they left Egypt and fashion it to make their golden calf and replace the things of Father. That act broke the first of the Commandments, "To have no other gods before Me." For their great sin, all those who did not repent and turn from that act, were killed. When Moses confronted Aaron and asked him in Exodus 32:21 …"What did this People unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?" -> Moses was angry that his brother Aaron allowed the people to talk him into fashioning this abomination; and there they were still in the midst of the orgy, not even slowing down if, or when they saw Moses. [32:22] And Aaron said, “Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the People, that they are set on mischief. -> It’s almost unbelievable that Aaron seeing how angry his brother was, was sticking up for these fools. He knew they were wrong for what they had him do, he knew what they were doing was wrong on so many levels, yet, he pleaded with his brother as they continued their orgy service to their golden calf. [32:23] For they said unto me, ‘Make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.’ -> Aaron heard what the people wanted and didn’t offer up too much resistance to them, he very easily could have told them to fashion the calf themselves as “I want no part of this;” but, no, there is a part of me that thinks he too wished for things to be as they were in Egypt. [32:24] And I said unto them, ‘Whosoever hath any gold, let them break it off.’ So they gave it me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.” -> What an absolute bold faced lie! Did Aaron think his brother Moses stupid? Aaron cast the gold into his heated pot, and out walks this golden calf. This is the same degree of stupidity that Jeroboam is using now to lure the People of the House of Israel into worshipping his two golden calves. Only it wasn't the people that cried out for the calves, but Jeroboam's fear to hold onto the kingdom which Father gave him. The lesson here is that Jeroboam was just no good, even from the start. His jealousy and power for the moment cause him to create a new religious form—or an old one—just as Aaron did back in the wilderness, at the foothills of Mount Sinai. The thought was; that it was too much trouble to go to the temple at Jerusalem, for the people to make their sacrifice. If Father promised you that He will care for you, He will, and Father had promised Jeroboam that he would take care of his kingdom; but, Jeroboam just did not believe Father. Father entrusted the ten tribes to him, for him to lead them in worship of the one and only True God, yet the first thing that he did was to build these two golden idols for the people to worship.
The end result of that day was Moses standing in the gate of the camp and asking "Who is on the LORD's side? let him come to me.". Only the Levites joined onto Moses and Father, and when they did, Moses directed them to dawn their swords, go throughout the camp and slay everyman his brother, every man his companion, every man his neighbor who would not put away those abominable things. For their faith and obedience, Father rewarded them--the Levites--by making them His Priests. Jeroboam would have done well to have remembered this; however, he has not, and now it's going to cost him, dearly!
I Kings 12:29 And he set the one in Beth-el, and the other put he in Dan. -> One in Beth-el=Jeroboam put one altar to worship at with a calf to worship, in Bethel: this altar and calf will be desecrated and destroyed by Josiah in II Kings 23:15.
The other altar and calf Jeroboam set up in Dan. Dan as we read in Genesis 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. -> A serpent=In other words beguiling to or by idolatry; seduced by idolatry. See, Dan was the first of the tribes to whore after idolatry, and hence they are omitted from Revelation 7:4. When did they first start their turn from Father to whore after other, false gods? That was back in Judges 18: Judges 18:30 And the children of Dan set up the graven image: and Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land. [18:31] Judges 18:31 And they set them up Micah's graven image, which he made, all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh. -> Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh=Dr. Bullinger tells us in his Companion Bible that - "this is one of four words in the Bible that has a suspended letter, some scholars refer to it as a "hanging letter." In other words, in the original manuscripts the letter "nun" is not written on the line with the other actual letters, it's written partially on the line and partially above the line, to show that originally it formed no part of the word, but was put in to make it spell "Manasseh" instead of "Moses." Jonathan was the grandson of Moses, (his contemporary Phinehas, the grandson of Aaron, being mentioned in Judges 20:28). This was done for two reasons: (1) to spare the honour of Moses' memory and name; and (2) to put the sin upon one who committed so gross a sin. The Talmud gives this letter as the reason. Jonathan's name is omitted in I Chronicles 23:15-16 and 26:24. The Chaldee paraphrase says that "Shebuel" there substituted, is meant for Jonathan after his repentance and restoration. Shebuel=he returned to God. The A.V. follows the Septuagint and the Chaldee by putting "Manasseh" in the text; the R.V. follows the Vulgate and those codices and early editions which have the "nun-N" suspended, by putting "Moses" in the text and "Manasseh" in the margin.".
What is not mentioned here is what Jeroboam did concerning the Levites, which can be read of in II Chronicles 11:13-15: II Chronicles 11:13 And the priests and the Levites that were in all Israel resorted to him (Rehoboam) out of all their coasts. -> The Priests and Levites all fled from Jeroboam and Israel because, as we’ll read in the next verse. Jeroboam and his sons cast them off: in other words, they caused them to flee by no longer allowing them to properly worship Father. [11:14] For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest's office unto the LORD: -> Neither the priests nor the people were allowed to worship Father as He is to be worshipped. The priests were concerned with this, and some of the people were too, therefore they fled to Jerusalem; however, the majority of the people of the House of Israel longed to go back to the old orgy and sacrifice worship practices and they stayed, enjoying where Jeroboam and his sons were leading them: away from Father. [11:15] And he (Jeroboam) ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made. -> He made his own priests, ones who would lead the people in their orgies and whoredoms, their worshipping of false gods and idols. Checkout this word Devils=It means Hairy ones, or goats representing demons. In the Strong’s Concordance, in the Hebrew, this is Hebrew word number H8163 - שׂער שׂעיר, - śâ‛ı̂yr, śâ‛ir, pronounced - saw-eer', saw-eer', and means: From H8175; shaggy; as noun, a he goat; by analogy a faun: - devil, goat, hairy, kid, rough, satyr.. SADLY, you’ll find a good likeness and pictures if you’ll “Google” “images for satyr.” How did we get to this image? Because of what the Egyptians and others were doing many, many years ago, they were having sex with their goats. How and why did this start? Pure and simple: satan, put the thought into a man.
I Kings 12:30 And this thing became a sin: for the People went to worship before the one, even unto Dan. -> The people not only went to the one altar at Dan, they also went to the one in Bethel. Bethel of course, means: House of God. So, what thus is saying is that Jeroboam placed one of these altars with a golden calf, right there at the House of God. What an abomination and sadness to Father! This is why it became a sin to the people, any one of them could have said, "no, this is wrong;" but, not one person said a word, they all joyfully went along with the abominable practices.
Jeroboam started the new Nation on the wrong foundation as, from the establishment of the nation of the “House of Israel,” the people were worshippers of false gods and idols. Even with all the guarantees and assurances which Father had given to this new nation, they still turned their backs on Him in favor of these abominations.
We too today have many assurances and promises from Father’s Word for our protection and care, and He expects us to not only believe in Him; but, to act upon those promises in faith. He promises that he will make you successful if you will trust him and follow His ways. It takes faith on your part, to not only read; but, Study His Word, and then claim those promises for yourself. You can only claim His Promises if you know them, and you can only know them if you have read them. This isn’t talking about those old statutes which were fulfilled in Christ; but, following the instructions of Christ, and His Apostles. Be a Student of the Word, and know what you are doing, and why you do it. The purpose for our actions should be to please our heavenly Father, and do His will.
12:31-33 Idolatry. The high places.
I Kings 12:31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the People, which were not of the sons of Levi. -> An house of high places=Understand what took place in these “high places” brethren, it was here in these high places, that they made the groves: H842 - אשׁירה אשׁרה, - 'ăshêrâh, or 'ăshêyrâh, pronounced - ash-ay-raw', ash-ay-raw', and means: From H833; happy; asherah (or Astarte) a Phoenician goddess; also an image of the same: - grove. Compare H6253.. It was here in these high place groves where they carved the phallic symbols into the trees and held their orgies as they worshipped their false gods of astarte: the fertility goddess, and then when some of these women became pregnant and had their babies, they sacrificed those babies in the fire to molech.
In order to ensure there were none who objected to these abominable practices, Jeroboam fired the Levite Priests and allowed "just anybody" to serve a priest. Of course there were plenty of the hivite nethinims ready and willing to fill, and take-over these positions.
I Kings 12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. (So did he in Beth-el,) sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made. -> In the eighth month=Notice brethren, the month of Ethanim has just passed, meaning that, the "Sabbath of the Memorial of the Blowing of the Trumpets," the "Day of Atonement," and the "Feast of Tabernacles" had just been celebrated, or at least should have been celebrated, and Jeroboam is starting a new feast day, a "new religion."
Father designed when His Feasts are to be held, and we can find them when we read Leviticus 23, where He specifically details each one. Brethren, as is stated here: Jeroboam ordained this feast--not Father--in the eighth month, we are not to part take of man-made things of Father YHVH, this includes doctrines, holidays (ones where, like we're reading of here in this verse, changes from Father to man), traditions, and worship practices: things of "man's own heart," as we're about to read in the next verse.
With that being said, let's talk about this just a minute. Does this mean, or did I say that we should not allow ourselves or our children to participate in Christmas celebrations, Valentine's day, or that "spring" celebration? No, as if we strictly forbade our children to participate, we would surely lose them when they see their fellow children or friends participate; however, we should teach them the significance of what those celebrations are and why they celebrate them and the difference between the two. Educate your children brethren, let them know the proper way to serve Father, and what is not acceptable to Him. Yes, we can give gifts during Christmas--that is when He was Conceived: not born--and we can give cards and candies during Valentine's Day, and even do the egg hunts and candies during the spring festival, just don't call it easter and celebrate it as Father's resurrection, or in place of Passover!
I Kings 12:33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Beth-el the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense. -> Jeroboam was so corrupt that he not only allowed "just anybody" to be priests; but, he decided that he also would serve as such. This truly shows how far he fell from Father. Father had told him, just as He told David and Solomon before him: I Kings 11:37 And I will take thee (Jeroboam), and thou shalt reign according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel. [11:38] And it shall be, if thou wilt hearken unto all that I command thee, and wilt walk in My ways, and do that is right in My sight, to keep My statutes and My commandments, as David My servant did; that I will be with thee, and build thee a sure house, as I built for David, and will give Israel unto thee. -> Father would have built Jeroboam a long, unbroken line of descendants, had he been a hearer, and more importantly, a doer of Father's Commandments, Judgments, Laws, Ordinances, and Statutes, the same conditions He places on every one of us, His Children. Sadly, Jeroboam, like Solomon, did not live up to, or keep the condition.