| I Kings 7
I Kings 6 brought us Solomon constructing Father's Temple. He began by laying the foundation on the second day of the second month of the fourth year of his reign, and he completed the Temple area and the Inner and Outer Courts in the seventh month of the eleventh year of his reign, thus construction of the building and exterior walls took seven and a half years to complete.
I Kings 7 brings us Temple and temple area now complete; however, there is still much work to be done. Solomon's thirst for construction is not yet sated, and this chapter will find us reading of Solomon completing the building of his own house, the house of the forest of Lebanon, porch of judgment and the house for pharaoh's daughter, in other words, the queen's house.
After all the buildings Solomon was building are complete, Solomon will again turn his attention to the Temple of YHVH and will now begin his decorating and furnishing of it as well as making the vessels and utensils which will be used by the priests in the worship if YHVH.
3:2-10:29 GOVERNMENT. (Alternations, Simple and Extended with Introversion.)
6:1-8:66 Temple (part).
6:1-8:66 THE TEMPLE. (PARTICULAR.) (Introversion.)
7:1-12 Other buildings.
7:1-12 OTHER BUILDINGS. (Introversion.)
7:1 Solomon’s own house. Time.
I Kings 7:1 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house. -> His house=Of course, his house included not only his own actual house; but, also, as we'll be reading of in the next several verses, the house of the forest of Lebanon and the house for pharaoh's daughter. Still, thirteen years to build his own palace complex, whereas, it only took him seven and a half to build the Temple for Father. Either Solomon wanted to get Father's house done quickly in order to have that permanent structure for Father to dwell with man; or, he paid a lot more closer attention to detail in the construction on his own house than he did on Father's.
Seven=Denotes spiritual perfection. It is the number or hall-mark of the Holy Spirit's work. He is the Author of God's Word, and seven is stamped on it as the water-mark is seen in the manufacture of paper. He is the Author and Giver of life; and seven is the number which regulates every period of Incubation and Gestation, in insects, birds, animals, and man..
Thirteen=Denotes rebellion, apostasy, defection, dis-integration, revolution, &c. The first occurrence fixes this (Genesis 14:4); and the second confirms it (Genesis 17:25). It, and its multiples, are seen in all numbers, and in the Gematria (i.e. the addition of the numerical value of the letters together) of all names and passages that are associated with rebellion, &c (and following).. Thirteen is suitable for Solomon as, he begins his reign doing all the correct things, i.e. focusing on Father and the worship of Him; however, as the time of his reigning wears on, he accumulates many, many wives and concubines, some of which are foreigners who serve false gods and idols and not YHVH, and in order to please these women, Solomon turns from serving Father only, and serves his wives false gods and idols, hence "rebellion" and "apostasy."
Seven and a half years and thirteen years in building, these numbers combined equal twenty. Twenty=Is the double of ten, and may in some cases signify its concentrated meaning. But its significance seems rather to be connected with the fact that it is one short of twenty-one, 21 - 1 = 20; that is to say, if 21 is the three-fold 7, and signifies Divine (3) completion as regards spiritual perfection (7), then twenty, being one short of 21, it would signify what Dr. Milo Mahan calls expectancy, and certainly we are not without illustrations in support of it: (1) Twenty years Jacob waited to get possession of his wives and property, Genesis 21:38,41; (2) twenty years Israel waited for a deliverer from Jabin's oppression, Judges 4:3; (3) twenty years Israel waited for deliverance through Samson, Judges 15:20, 16:31. But his work was never much more than "begun," Judges 13:25; twenty years the Ark of the Covenant waited at Kirjath-jearim, I Samuel 7:2; (4) twenty years Solomon was waiting for the completion of the two houses, I Kings 9:10; II Chronicles 8:2; (5) twenty years Jerusalem waited between its capture and destruction; and (6) twenty years Jeremiah prophesied concerning it.. Also, remember brethren, Solomon reigned a total of forty years—probation, trial and chastisement—therefore, he was in construction for over half the time he reigned.
7:2-8 House of forest of Lebanon.
I Kings 7:2 He built also the house of the forest of Lebanon; the length thereof was an hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars. -> The dimensions of the house of the forest of Lebanon are thus: between 150-200 feet long X 75-100 feet wide X 45-60 feet high. Of course, the house--like in the construction of the Temple--was three stories high: hence the 45-60 feet high; and, it was also laid upon a foundation of stone and cedar.
House of the forest of Lebanon=Scholars differ on the meaning of this, and also on the location of where this was built. Some say that this is Solomon's own house, and they say this because of what we read here in I Kings 7:1-8; some say it is called this because it was actually built in the forest of Lebanon; while some others say it is called this because it literally took a "forest" of the trees in Lebanon to construct this house; Father's Word in I Kings 10:17 tells us this: I Kings 10:14 Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred threescore and six talents of gold, -> Every year, the weight of gold which came into Israel from the surrounding nations which were required to pay tribute to Israel was 666 talents of gold. Several things to consider concerning this brethren: remember, one talent was equal to between 110-180 pounds, therefore, the actual weight was between 73,260-119,880 pounds of gold; then of course, we have the number itself: 666, “the number of the beast” as can be read in Revelation 13. [10:15] Beside that he had of the merchantmen, and of the traffick of the spice merchants, and of all the kings of Arabia, and of the governors of the country. -> What Solomon did was, he taxed all the kings of other nations and the merchantmen a levy, or tax to utilize Israel’s roadways, and then he used the riches and blessings from Father to Bless the nations around Israel. Even today much of the wealth of our nation here in the United States is freely given to other nations for the sake of Blessing those people with the Blessings that Father has given our people. This is as Solomon did; passing his Blessings from Father on to other kings and governors of other countries. [10:16] And king Solomon made two hundred targets of beaten gold: six hundred shekels of gold went to one target. -> With 600 shekels of gold going into each target, this made for an extremely large shield. If you’ve watched movies which pourtrayed these times, then you’ve seen the men who have stood before their army holding onto these large shields, and as an example, if an enemy’s first line of offense was archery, then these men held up the shield in order to protect the men behind them by deflecting the incoming arrows. Think of the movie Braveheart with Mel Gibson and as the English Archers let fly their arrows at Dunkirk, Wallace—Mel—and his men watched as the arrows were coming towards them and at the last minute they held up their shields in order to protect themselves from the arrow. This is the same thing but on a much larger scale, as one shield instead of just protecting the man holding it, it would protect several men around the man holding the shield. These—targets—shields also had a large point of dagger which protruded out from it in order to be also used as an offensive weapon. This next verse is the reason we came here to I Kings 10. [10:17] And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon. -> Solomon put the shields in the House of the forest of Lebanon. So, in other words, if nothing else, part of this house in the forest of Lebanon was used as an Armory, and when we think on that aspect alone, we have to conclude that this House in the Forest of Lebanon had to just be made up from the cedars in Lebanon because; Solomon would not have put his armory where he kept his weapons and shields and such at such a great distance from Jerusalem.
I Kings 7:3 And it was covered with cedar above upon the beams, that lay on forty five pillars, fifteen in a row. -> Forty five pillars...fifteen in a row=All this is telling us brethren is, that, there were forty five rooms built onto the side of the building, fifteen in a row, on each side of the three sides of the house.
I Kings 7:4 And there were windows in three rows, and light was against light in three ranks. -> These windows were openings with beveled jams, and the "light against light" means that they were set directly opposite each other. Again, like as before they were built into the structure, much like a window is used today, to allow air, light and ventilation into the room.
I Kings 7:5 And all the doors and posts were square, with the windows: and light was against light in three ranks. -> The doors, or entrances, like the windows of this structure were set directly opposite each other. We don't find Father passing the instructions on the blueprints or plans to anyone in His Word; therefore, we can assume it was during the time that Father bestowed upon Solomon, all the wisdom He had given him back in I Kings 3.
I Kings 7:6 And he made a porch of pillars; the length thereof was fifty cubits, and the breadth thereof thirty cubits: and the porch was before them: and the other pillars and the thick beam were before them. -> This porch in the manuscripts is "ulam" pronounced "oo-lawm" and means a vestibule or portico. In other words, it was an entirely separate structure with a roof over it, which was attached to the main structure, its function--as the Hebrew suggests--was to serve as a covered entryway into the main house.
I Kings 7:7 Then he made a porch for the throne where he might judge, even the porch of judgment: and it was covered with cedar from one side of the floor to the other. -> The seat of Judgment where the king sat and the people came seeking justice, usually sat at or near to the entrance into the city; however, Solomon built this structure closer to his own house, and it served not only as the place where people came seeking justice; but, also where Solomon received kings and dignitaries from other nations.
Just how elaborate, magnificent, or majestic was this House of the Cedars of Lebanon where Solomon judged the people of the Nation, and received important Heads of State? We can read of some of it in II Chronicles 9: II Chronicles 9:15 And king Solomon made two hundred targets of beaten gold: six hundred shekles of beaten gold went into one target. -> These are the same targets we read of earlier, back in verse v7:2 from I Kings 10.  And three hundred shields made he of beaten gold: three hundred shekels of gold went to one shield. And the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon. -> The targets from the previous verse were the large shields with a point sticking out, known in the Hebrew tongue as the zinnar, these shields--meginnaw--are smaller shields. Solomon put all weapons in the Armory which was in the House of the Cedars of Lebanon [9:17] Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with pure gold. -> The throne room where Solomon sat in the seat judgment, and greeted the heads of State was entirely lined with gold. [9:18] And there were six steps to the throne, with a footstool of gold, which were fastened to the throne, and stays on each side of the sitting place, and two lions standing by the stays: -> Stays=Supports, there were supports on each side of the steps so that should the king lose his balance as he ascended to his throne, he would fall back to the floor. Beside each of the stays was a lion, and I'm sure it was fairly large. [9:19] And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps. There was not the like made in any kingdom. -> On the six steps which led up to the throne, were sitting twelve lions—one representing each of the twelve tribes of Israel—one on the left-hand side and one on the right-hand side of each step. All of it, the 12 lions on the steps, the 2 lions by the stays, the throne, and the steps leading to the throne, were all covered in pure gold. [9:20] And all the drinking vessels of king Solomon were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold: none were of silver; it was not any thing accounted of in the days of Solomon. -> Everything, even including the utensils, cups and plates were all of gold. Very, very extravagant for a man-made throne, so much so, that there had never been a man-made throne as eloquent and never will again be a man-made throne so stirring.
7:8 House of the queen.
I Kings 7:8 And his house where he dwelt had another court within the porch, which was of the like work. Solomon made also an house for Pharaoh's daughter, whom he had taken to wife, like unto this porch. -> Which was of the like work=In other words, this porch was like the vestibule we read about in verse v7:6 above, again, for a look at how Dr. Bullinger saw these building that Solomon had built, you can turn to his Companion Bible, appendix 68, where he give a depiction.
Pharaoh's daughter=Remember, we read of this back in I Kings 3, where Solomon had made an affinity with pharaoh king of Egypt. Remember also, that, Egypt was still divided into two halves, and it was the northern half who considered the sheep herders--people like the Israelites--of low class; however, in the southern half were the Hyksos, or shepherd kings, and it was with these people that Solomon made an affinity.
7:9-12 Solomon’s house. Materials.
I Kings 7:9 All these were of costly stones, according to the measures of hewed stones, sawed with saws, within and without, even from the foundation unto the coping, and so on the outside toward the great court. -> All these=In other words, Solomon's house, the house of the forest of Lebanon and pharaoh's daughter's house.
What this verse is saying is, that, all the large stones used in building these buildings were cut, dressed and finished while they were still at the quarry. Remember, this had already been addressed when we read of the Temple being built back in I Kings 5. It was even stated later--in I Kings 6--that they didn't use any hammer, axe, or tool of iron at the construction site. Again, these stones being "costly" means that they extremely large and expensive; not, small, valuable, precious gemstones.
Sawed with saws=Dr. Bullinger identifies this as a “Polytoton,” which, when I looked the word up, I found that it means that it is nothing more than a “repetition of the same part of speech in different inflections, as an example; “my own heart’s heart.” In Father’s word, we can look to the following scripture: for Verbs see Genesis 50:24 and II Kings 21:13; for Nouns and pronouns see Genesis 9:25 and Romans 11:36; and for Adjectives we can look at II Corinthians 9:8.
I Kings 7:10 And the foundation was of costly stones, even great stones, stones of ten cubits, and stones of eight cubits. -> Can you imagine having to move the huge cut and dressed stones all the way from the quarry to the construction site using only the means they had over 3,000 years ago, and, doing so without damaging or marring them in any way?
Again, I remind you, as we saw when we read in I Kings 5, that these stones were extremely large--here in this verse we see that they were between 30-40 feet, and 12-16 feet--and laid in the foundation to support the structure, and then they continued up forming the walls of the Temple. The stone masons fashioned and dressed the stones at the quarry because there were not stone cutters or axes at the Temple site and the masons also dressed them in order that they had a pleasing look. With all the cutting being done in the quarry area, can you imagine the accuracy which was needed in the measurements given to the stone cutters? I also remind you again, that these stones illustrate the work of Father in the conversion of the sinner. Like these great stones, we too were hewed out of the dark quarry as Father states in Isaiah 51: Isaiah 51:1 Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the rock whence ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye are digged. [51:2] Look unto Abraham your father, and unto Sarah that bare you: for I called him alone, and blessed him, and increased him. -> Yes, Father continually cuts us and carves us in order that we too have a smooth, perfect fit in His Temple.
I Kings 7:11 And above were costly stones, after the measures of hewed stones, and cedars.
I Kings 7:12 And the great court round about was with three rows of hewed stones, and a row of cedar beams, both for the inner court of the house of the LORD, and for the porch of the house. -> This is telling us that there was a court at Solomon's house, much the same as the court at the Temple which was described in I Kings 6:36.
The LORD=Father in His role of YHVH, or the God of the Covenant.
7:13-8:66 The Temple.
7:13-8:66 THE TEMPLE. (Division.)
7:13-51 The work itself.
7:13-51 THE WORK. (Division.)
7:13 The worker.
I Kings 7:13 And king Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. -> This Hiram--if you'll notice, it doesn't say king Hiram--is not to be confused with Hiram the king of Tyre, this Hiram is the man who was fashioning the work for the utensils, cups and items which would be used in the Temple, which is what we'll be discussing throughout the remainder of this Chapter. We will find though, that his situation was very similar to the king of Tyre's, in that, they both had father's from Tyre and mothers who were Israelites, also, both men are identified in II Chronicles as "Huram," and we also find in II Chronicles 2 that this Huram or Hiram was called “a cunning man, endued with understanding, of Huram my father's.”
7:14 The worker.
7:14-51 The works.
7:14-51 THE WORKS. (Alternation.)
7:14-40 DESCRIPTION. (Introversion.)
7:14 Hiram commences the work.
I Kings 7:14 He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and wrought all his work. -> Of the Tribe of Naphtali=This widow woman as can be read in II Chronicles was actually born into the Tribe of Dan; married into the Tribe of Naphtali, her husband died, and then she married a man from Tyre. Her son Hiram, from the man in Tyre, was a man filled by Father--much as He did with those He had make His original tabernacle and the items within it, when He was giving the instructions to Moses, when He brought the children of Israel up out of Egypt--with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass, in other words, he was extremely skilled in casting brass.
7:15-22 The position of pillars.
I Kings 7:15 For he cast two pillars of brass, of eighteen cubits high apiece: and a line of twelve cubits did compass either of them about. -> These pillars were identical and they were between 27-36 feet tall each, and each one was also between 18-24 inches diameter.
We can read in the Book of Jeremiah that these pillars were hollow: Jeremiah 52:20 The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight. [52:21] And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow. -> Fillet=This word in the Hebrew is "khoot" and means a measuring tape. Notice that these two pillars were hollow inside, but the diameter of their walls was 4 fingers thick. [52:22] And a chapiter of brass was upon it; and the height of one chapiter was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass. The second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these. [52:23] And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about..
Eighteen=In biblical numerics denotes bondage. Bondage doesn't always mean a negative thing; remember we can also be in bondage to Father which is a good thing.
I Kings 7:16 And he made two chapiters of molten brass, to set upon the tops of the pillars: the height of the one chapiter was five cubits, and the height of the other chapiter was five cubits: -> These “chapiters” were the decorative crowns which sat atop the pillars. Each one was between 7 1/2 to 10 feet tall. So, if we combine the height of the pillar with the height of the chapiter--five cubits--the total height was 23 cubits, or between 35 1/2-46 feet high, or tall.
Five=Five denotes the Grace, or unmerited favor of our Father.
I Kings 7:17 And nets of checker work, and wreaths of chain work, for the chapiters which were upon the top of the pillars; seven for the one chapiter, and seven for the other chapiter. -> These "nets" were decorative lattice work, whereas the "wreaths" were twisted together much the way today we would twist fiber together in order to make a line, or rope.
Seven=Seven denotes Spiritual perfection or completeness.
I Kings 7:18 And he made the pillars, and two rows round about upon the one network, to cover the chapiters that were upon the top, with pomegranates: and so did he for the other chapiter. -> Pomegranates=Why pomegranates? Because a pomegranate is like many fruits, a multi seeded fruit, and seeds are symbolic of life and also produce more fruit. This is our commission brethren, planting seeds to our brothers and sisters, till the ground, as Father tells us in Genesis 2.
I Kings 7:19 And the chapiters that were upon the top of the pillars were of lily work in the porch, four cubits. -> In other words, Hiram made decorative works of lily flowers for the crowns.
Solomon, in writing of the Song of Solomon--the greatest love story ever told--tells us in Song of Solomon 2:1 I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys. -> Of course, this is in reference to our Lord Jesus Christ as He IS the Lily of the valley.
Four=Four denotes earth.
I Kings 7:20 And the chapiters upon the two pillars had pomegranates also above, over against the belly which was by the network: and the pomegranates were two hundred in rows round about upon the other chapiter. -> Decorative pomegranate trees decorated the crowns, 200 of them on each pillar.
I Kings 7:21 And he set up the pillars in the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called the name thereof Jachin (yaw-keen') (He [YHVH] shall or, He [YHVH] will establish): and he set up the left pillar, and called the name thereof Boaz (in Him [YHVH] is strength) both these names represent His Father’s People Israel. -> After finishing the pillars, Hiram set them in their place and then named them. With their names which mean "He shall establish" and "in Him is strength," thus if we brought the meaning of the names together we can see the reference to His People Israel whom He will establish and give strength too.
I Kings 7:22 And upon the top of the pillars was lily work: so was the work of the pillars finished. -> The two pillars are now finished. How about you brethren, are you finished? What I mean by that is this: We know that in the Book of Revelation, in Revelation 2 and 3 that there are only 2 churches that Jesus Christ found no fault with. In Revelation 3 we read that one of these two churches is the church of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, like its sister church Smyrna taught who those were who "claimed they were Jews, and are not, but do lie and are of the synagogue of satan." Because of their faithfulness in holding fast to the truth and teaching the same, we read in Revelation 3 that Jesus will make them pillars in Father's Temple, lets read it: Revelation 3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of My God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of My God, and the name of the city of My God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from My God: and I will write upon him My new name..
7:23-37 The sea.
I Kings 7:23 And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other: it was round all about, and his height was five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. -> Listen to the size of this brass sea: 10 cubits from brim to brim, brethren, this makes this sea between 15 and 20 Feet round – think of an 15-20’ round back yard swimming pool. It was also 5 cubits tall – thus making it between 7 1/2-10’ high, that’s a deep sea. What would this sea be used for? For the priests to wash themselves in prior to ministering to Father.
Several things to note concerning this brazen sea: (1) Father did not have Moses make one while the Israelites were wandering the wilderness, this too was for several reasons: (a) it would have been too large to move while they wandered for those 38 years; and (b), they had trouble finding water to keep themselves and their animals hydrated--yes, Father could have provided for them, but, it wouldn't have been practical;and (2) how did Hiram make this brazen sea? He cast it, in other words, he first had to make a form, then melt the brass down to pour it into the form. Hiram didn't make a wooden form; what he did was--this can be read in II Chronicles 4:17--dig into the earth, which, at this location--between Succoth and Zeredathah--the ground, or soil was actually clay. So what he did was make a reverse form in the clay, poured the brass into the earth, allowed it to set-up by cooling, and then dug the brazen sea out of the clay. Again, brethren, think of how much brass had to be melted in order to cast this large a sea.
I Kings 7:24 And under the brim of it round about there were knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops were cast in two rows, when it was cast. -> These knops were semi-globe, or gourd decorative ornaments, and they were cast so that within every 2 feet, there were 10 of them; however, this verse also states that there were 2 rows of them, therefore, that makes 20 of these knops for every 2 feet.
I Kings 7:25 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward. -> One oxen representing each of the twelve tribes of Israel. Notice also that they were arranged three to a side--three tribes facing North, three tribes facing South, East and West-- much as Father had the House of Israel camp when they wandered the wilderness for those 38 years. Let's review from the Book of Numbers to see how the tribes were set and how these oxen are arranged: Numbers 2:2-2:8 tells us that the Tribe of Judah--whose Standard was the Lion-- was the lead Tribe of the three tribes--Judah, Issachar, and Zebulon--which faced East, toward the rising of the sun; Numbers 2:9-16 tells us that the Tribe of Reuben--whose Standard was the Man--was the lead tribe of the three tribes--Reuben, Simeon and Gad--which faced South; Numbers 2:18-24 tells us that the Tribe of Ephraim--whose Standard was the Ox--was the lead tribe of the three tribes--Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin--which faced West; and Numbers 2:25-31 tells us that the Tribe of Dan--whose Standard was the Eagle--was the lead tribe of the three tribes--Dan, Asher, and Naphtali--which faced North.
I Kings 7:26 And it was an hand breadth thick, and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two thousand baths. -> A hand breadth=Just as we learned in verse v7:15 above that the walls of the pillars for the Temple were 4 fingers in thickness; so also did the walls of this brazen sea. The walls had to be this thick in order to hold all the water that we're about to read it held.
A “bath” was equivalent to what we know today as approximately 6 English Gallons, that would make this “bath” approximately 12,000 plus gallons of water, and yes, having owned a 24’X52” Swimming pool which held 13,000 gallons, I can attest that is correct considering the size of the bath.
I Kings 7:27 And he made ten bases of brass; four cubits was the length of one base, and four cubits the breadth thereof, and three cubits the height of it. -> Each these 10 bases was between 6-8’ long and wide, and, between 3 1/2-4’ tall.
These bases were actually to hold the lavers where they washed the sacrifices, hence the size of them. Remember, some of the sacrifices were of whole animals, such as an ox, therefore, again, both these bases and the lavers they held had indeed needed to be quite large.
I Kings 7:28 And the work of the bases was on this manner: they had borders, and the borders were between the ledges: -> The borders of these bases had decorative panels, or enclosures, they were raised much the way a picture frame might be.
I Kings 7:29 And on the borders that were between the ledges were lions, oxen, and cherubims: and upon the ledges there was a base above: and beneath the lions and oxen were certain additions made of thin work. -> These lions, oxen and cherubims were ornamental appendages which Hiram fashioned and then affixed to the panels.
I Kings 7:30 And every base had four brasen wheels, and plates of brass: and the four corners thereof had undersetters: under the laver were undersetters molten, at the side of every addition. -> Wheels=This indicates and shows us that these laver bases were movable, and, indicating that when “that which is perfect should come (i.e. the washing or baptizing with the Holy Spirit [see Acts 1:5]), then, the “type” (water) should be wheeled away.” The plates mentioned here, were the wheel axletrees or casters (we’ll read of them in verse v7:32 below) enabling the wheels to turn in all directions. Undersetters in the Hebrew, and in the Strong’s Concordance you'll find them under Hebrew word number H3802 - כּתף, - kâthêph, pronounced - kaw-thafe', and means: From an unused root meaning to clothe; the shoulder (proper, that is, upper end of the arm; as being the spot where the garments hang); figuratively side piece or lateral projection or anything: - arm, corner, shoulder (-piece), side, undersetter.. So, in other words, the undersetters were coverings for the four corners of these bases to give the appearance of covering the base or possibly even covering the supports for the bath.
I Kings 7:31 And the mouth of it within the chapiter and above was a cubit: but the mouth thereof was round after the work of the base, a cubit and an half: and also upon the mouth of it were gravings with their borders, foursquare, not round. -> What we're seeing here, or rather, being described, is, the base, or holder of the laver. Unlike the lavers which were round, the bases were square and then the lavers could then be set down into the base and be held still. These bases were between 2 1/2-3 feet in height, think of it brethren, this is a good, or confortable height for the priest who was washing the sacrifice, he could bend over for quite a while washing sacrifices without hurting his back. We will see in II Kings 16:17 that these borders, or panels were removed by Ahaz, and later replaced by Hezekiah in II Chronicles 29:19. These panels existed to the time of the taking of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar and the Babylonians, and the dismantling of the Temple of Jeremiah's day Jeremiah 52:17,20.
I Kings 7:32 And under the borders were four wheels; and the axletrees of the wheels were joined to the base: and the height of a wheel was a cubit and half a cubit. -> Each of these wheels was between 18-36” tall.
I Kings 7:33 And the work of the wheels was like the work of a chariot wheel: their axletrees, and their naves, and their felloes, and their spokes, were all molten. -> The wheels were similar to a chariot's wheel; but, as we'll see, they were indeed different than an actual chariot's wheel. The similarity ended in their roundness, hubs, and spokes, the difference being that these wheels were molten, whereas a chariot's wheel was not molten. The “their naves,” “their felloes," and their "spokes" were the roundness of the wheel itself, the hub of the wheel and spokes within each wheel.
I Kings 7:34 And there were four undersetters to the four corners of one base: and the undersetters were of the very base itself. -> These undersetters, as we read in verse v7:30 above, were extensions which protruded from the upper portion of the base, and were coverings for the four corners of these base in order to give the appearance of covering the base, or possibly even covering the supports for the laver.
I Kings 7:35 And in the top of the base was there a round compass of half a cubit high: and on the top of the base the ledges thereof and the borders thereof were of the same. -> Remember, the round laver was set down into the square base; then, Hiram cast round lids which were between 9-12 inches tall which set down over the laver when they were not in use.
I Kings 7:36 For on the plates of the ledges thereof, and on the borders thereof, he graved cherubims, lions, and palm trees, according to the proportion of every one, and additions round about. -> Each of these carved ornaments were reduced in size to the proportion of the ledges of the bases that they were to be resting on. So in other words, if the ledges of the base were "half a cubit," or about 9-12 inches, of course you can't set a full scale lion or palm tree on the ledge, therefore it would be reduced to a size to where it would look symmetrical.
I Kings 7:37 After this manner he made the ten bases: all of them had one casting, one measure, and one size. -> Every one of the 10 bases with its laver was identical in size, weight and appearance.
7:38 The lavers.
I Kings 7:38 Then made he ten lavers of brass: one laver contained forty baths: and every laver was four cubits: and upon every one of the ten bases one laver. -> Each of these lavers was between 6-8 feet across and held upwards of 240 gallons of water to wash the sacrifices in. Remember, some of the sacrifices were oxen, therefore the laver needed to be this large. The first five Chapters in the Book of Leviticus identifies which animal was to be used with which sacrifice.
7:39 The position of sea and lavers.
I Kings 7:39 And he put five bases on the right side of the house, and five on the left side of the house: and he set the sea on the right side of the house eastward over against the south. -> After Hiram completed the ten bases and their lavers; then, Solomon had the priests move them into the Temple, setting five of them on the north side, and the brazen sea and the other five bases and their lavers on the south side of the inner court of the Temple.
7:40 The position of sea and lavers.
7:40 Hiram completes the work.
I Kings 7:40 And Hiram made the lavers, and the shovels, and the basons. So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he made king Solomon for the house of the LORD: -> Once Hiram finished casting the bases and their lavers and lids; he then made large pots--and that is what these particular lavers were--in which the Peace Offerings could be boiled, he also made the shovels which would be used to remove the ashes from below the cauldrons and taken to an identified area where even the ash--which since it was used in a Holy Sacrifice, was also still considered Holy--had to be removed to, Hiram also then made the basons in which the blood from some of the sacrifices was collected. Remember, some of this blood was used in sprinkling either onto the altar, or on the ground before the altar.
After completing all these, Hiram then set to making all the instruments, vessels and utensils which would be used by the priests in the worship of Father, and that, brethren is what we'll be reading of in the next few verses.
I Kings 7:41 The two pillars, and the two bowls of the chapiters that were on the top of the two pillars; and the two networks, to cover the two bowls of the chapiters which were upon the top of the pillars; -> These two pillars are Jachin and Boaz which we read of in verses v7:15-22 above. Again, the two networks was the decorative lattice work which covered decorative crowns which sat atop each of the two pillars, and then he made the seven wreaths of chain for each pillar.
There are some who believe that they poured oil into these two crowns which sat atop the two pillars in front of the Temple, and then lit them on fire, so that anyone approaching from afar, would see and clearly identify the Temple.
I Kings 7:42 And four hundred pomegranates for the two networks, even two rows of pomegranates for one network, to cover the two bowls of the chapiters that were upon the pillars; -> On each of the two lattice work which covered the crowns, Hiram made 200 decorative pomegranate trees and also upon the face of each crown did Hiram affix ornate pomegranates.
I Kings 7:43 And the ten bases, and ten lavers on the bases; -> As we see, this is all a re-cap of what we previously covered.
I Kings 7:44 And one sea, and twelve oxen under the sea; -> The brazen sea in which the priests first bathed themselves before going in and ministering before Father.
I Kings 7:45 And the pots, and the shovels, and the basons: and all these vessels, which Hiram made to king Solomon for the house of the LORD, were of bright brass. -> The cauldrons, the shovels and the basons were all made of highly polished bronze. This sort of reminds me of what Ezekiel saw in Ezekiel 1 when he looked up in the sky and saw those vehicles coming toward him: Ezekiel 1:4 And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire. -> I said sort of because, though they are both highly polished and bright, they were not made of the same materials, obviously.
I Kings 7:46 In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth (booths) and Zarthan. -> Obviously it wasn't Solomon who dug into the clay to cast the molds for the lavers; but, Hiram under the direction of Solomon.
Succoth=An ancient town, first heard of in the account of the homeward journey of Jacob from Padan-aram Genesis 35:17. The name is derived from the fact of Jacob's having there put up "booths" (succoth ) for his cattle as well as a house for himself. From the itinerary of Jacob's return it seems that Succoth lay between Peniel, near the ford of the torrent Jabbok and Shechem, compare Genesis 32:30 and Genesis 33:18. In accordance with this is the mention of Succoth in the narrative of Gideon's pursuit of Zebah and Zallmunna Judges 5:5-17. It would appear from this passage that it lay east of the Jordan, which is corroborated by the fact that it was allotted to the tribe of Gad Joshua 13:27. Succoth is named once again after this--in I Kings 7:46 and II Chronicles 4:17--as marking the spot at which the brass founderies were placed for casting the metal work of the temple. (Dr. Merrill identifies it with a site called Tell Darala , one mile north of the Jabbok. --ED.).
Zarthan=A place in the circle of Jordan, mentioned in connection with Succoth I Kings 7:46..
I Kings 7:47 And Solomon left all the vessels unweighed, because they were exceeding many: neither was the weight of the brass found out. -> Exceeding many=This repetitious use of words with the same meaning which are bonded together is known as--as Dr. Bullinger points out in his Companion Bible (AP 6)--"epizeuxis." In any case, there were so many instruments, vessels, and utensils made, and so much brass used in the making of them; that, Solomon never even sought to try and figure out how many, nor how much brass went into making them.
I Kings 7:48 And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained unto the house of the LORD: the altar of gold, and the table of gold, whereupon the shewbread was, -> We now come back inside the Temple, into the Holy Place and Most Holy Place. The Shew-bread was literally "bread of the face" or "faces." Shew-bread was unleavened bread made of the finest flour; it was thin and placed upon a table which stood in the Holy Place together with the seven-branched candlestick and the altar of incense, Leviticus 24:5-9 provides a description of the bread, and Exodus 25:23-30 lays out the instructions for the making of the table. Every Sabbath twelve newly baked loaves, one representing each of the twelve tribes of Israel, and also the entire spiritual Israel, "the true Israel;" were put on it in two rows, six in each, and sprinkled with incense, where they remained till the following Sabbath. The placing of them on the table symbolized the entire consecration of Israel to the Lord, and their acceptance of Father as their God. Then they were replaced by twelve new ones, the incense was burned, and they were eaten by the priests in the holy place, out of which they might not be removed, The title "bread of the face" seems to indicate that bread through which God is seen, that is, with the participation of which the seeing of God is bound up, or through the participation of which man attains the sight of God whence it follows that we have not to think of bread merely as such as the means of nourishing the bodily life, but as spiritual food as a means of appropriating and retaining that life which consists In seeing the face of God. The table for the bread was made of acacia wood, 3 feet long, 18 inches broad, and 2 feet 3 inches high. It was plated with pure gold. Two staves, plated with gold, passed through golden rings, were used for carrying it.
We find when we read II Chronicles 4 that, now that a permanent structure has been built and the Israelites no longer have to move from town to town, that Solomon had Hiram make more than one table for the shewbread, he had Hiram make ten tables five to place on the right side in the Holy Place and five to place on the left side in the Holy Place. Ten being the number which denotes "Ordinal Perfection;" and five which denotes "the Grace of our Father."
I Kings 7:49 And the candlesticks of pure gold, five on the right side, and five on the left, before the oracle, with the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs of gold, -> Before the oracle=These candle sticks, or lampstands (menorah in the Hebrew tongue) are in the Most Holy Place. Remember, these candlesticks are not like a candle we would burn or set out as a decoration today; these candlesticks--there were seven holders, or bowls on each stand--held oil, then a wick was placed into the oil which was burned. Once lit, they put off light, and of course, light being put forth for "truth," also Israel at this time was to be the light for all those nations around them, much as we Christians today are to be the light for all the unbelievers around us; and, our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ is the light of the World.
Tongs=The tongs were also known as snuffers and were used to extinguish the flame of the wick in the candlestick.
Again, as we're reading here, Solomon had Hiram make ten of each of these items for the permanent Temple, unlike when Father had Moses make them, and there was prescribed by Him, only one of each. Solomon exceeded the prescribed number; however, he did follow the prescribed design in shape.
I Kings 7:50 And the bowls, and the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers of pure gold; and the hinges of gold, both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy place, and for the doors of the house, to wit, of the temple. -> The oil bowls for the candles; the snuffers used to extinguish the flame of the candles; the basons which collected the blood, which was then "sprinkled;" the censers to fan the flames of the altar; the washbasins; all the spoons; and even the hinges on the doors were made with gold. This "most holy place" of course is the "Holiest of holies," the place where the High Priest would go in once a year to commune with Father.
I Kings 7:51 So was ended all the work that king Solomon made for the house of the LORD. And Solomon brought in the things which David his father had dedicated; even the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the house of the LORD. -> The things which David his father had dedicated is in reference to the things which David had given over to and dedicated to Father. The Temple is now finished; however, it will still be about another three years before Solomon will finally dedicate the Temple for service. Remember also, that, at this time, Worship was still being conducted, and sacrifices made at the tabernacle in Gibeon, and the Temple had to be made ready for the moving into the main sanctuary.
The treasures of the House of the LORD=We can read in I Chronicles 26:20 that there were two treasuries at this time: the Treasures of the House of God; and the Treasures of the Dedicated Things. The Levites, and more specifically, Ahijah, was in charge of overseeing them. What really transpired was, after Hiram finished all the work for all the items which would be used in the Temple, there was still much gold, silver, and bronze left over, too much even to again know the weight of it all. All this then did Solomon put into the Treasury of the House of God.