| I Kings 2
I Kings 1 brought us the attempted usurpation of the throne by David’s third eldest son, Adonijah. He had even gone so far as to throw a coronation party at the stone of Zoheleth, in other words, at serpent rock, which was a “type” for the end of this Age, as, satan too, in his role of pretend-to-be–jesus, will attempt to usurp the throne of the True King: Jesus Christ.
Anyway, also involved in this plot, were none other than Joab, the Commanding General of the entire Army of Israel; and, Abiathar, one of the two High Priests of Israel. To me, it’s surprising that Abiathar was involved in this ploy, as, if you'll recall, it was Abiathar who had come to David and his little 600 man rag-tag army, while they themselves were on the run from Saul who would attempt to kill David every time the evil spirit came upon him: Saul. The reason Abiathar had come to David was because, Doeg the Edomite had come to the Priest’s city of Nob and slew all 85 of the Priests who were in line to be the High Priest. He did this at Saul’s command; after he had told Saul that he had been in Nob, in the High Priest Ahimelech’s house, and, had witnessed Ahimelech give David the showbread and Goliath’s sword. David had taken Abiathar into his fold, so, like I said, it’s surprising to see that he has now joined in a conspiracy against David.
After it was discovered by David’s prophet Nathan, what was going on down at serpent rock, he came to Bash-sheba and told her, in order to save her and her son Solomon, the man whom Father had told David would be the next man king of Israel. Bath-sheba and Nathan then worked David, who was at this time, in declining health, being, now, 70 years of age, and on his death-bed. David then summoned Solomon, Nathan, Zadok, Benaiah and the Royal Guards, told them all to put Solomon on his—David’s—mule, escort him down to Gihon, where Zadok will anoint him the next king of Israel. As soon as he is anointed, they were to sound the trumpet and shout “God save king Solomon.” The reason David commanded this take place in Gihon, was, because, Gihon was right next to serpent rock, and, all those in attendance at the false coronation party would hear the trumpets and shouts, and then see Solomon riding on David’s mule and know for a certainty that Solomon, not Adonijah, is king of Israel.
Adonijah, upon knowing for sure that he was not the king, ran to the tabernacle, grabbed a hold of the horns of the altar, and declared that he would not leave, until he had assurance from Solomon that he would not kill him. Solomon told Adonijah that, so long as he shew himself a worthy man, and, not again, attempt to usurp the throne, then, not one hair of Adonijah’s head would fall to the ground.
This then, brings us to current, where we find David on his deathbed, living out his final days, before he succumbs to death and returns Home to be with Father. He first has some final words of advice to give to his son Solomon, who has already ascended to the throne when David stepped aside in our last Chapter. In this advice, he'll also pass-down to him, some unfinished business that he'll ask his sin to finish for him.
In II Kings 2 we'll also find Adonijah not live up to his sworn oath of being a worthy man and not again attempt to usurp the throne from Solomon, and, therefore, it will cost him his life, and in this, we'll also see the "type" continuing from our last Chapter. Remember Adonijah was, and, is, a "type" for satan in his role of pretend.
So, without further ado, let’s get to it, I Kings 2:1:
I Kings 1:1-12:15 THE KINGDOM. United.
I Kings 12:16-II Kings 25:30 THE KINGDOM. Divided.
I Kings 1:1-12:15 THE KINGDOM. United. (Division.)
I Kings 1:1-2:11 DAVID.
I Kings 2:12-11:43 SOLOMON.
I Kings 2:1-10 ADVICE OF DAVID TO SOLOMON. (Introversion and Alternations.)
2:1 David. End near.
1:1-4 For good. Solomon.
I Kings 2:1 Now the days of David drew nigh that he should die; and he charged Solomon his son, saying, -> Remember, David is an old man of 70 years, he had lived a rough life being a warrior all his days since a young man of 17 or so. He has already turned the reins of the throne over to his son Solomon, and, now, it's time to give young Solomon--19, or 20 years old--some final instructions on how to run the kingdom.
Charged=I Like this, as, it reminds me of what Father told Joshua after He had taken Moses Home, and when He charged Joshua on how to lead Israel as can be read in Joshua 1:6-9: Joshua 1:6 Be strong and of a good courage: for unto this people shalt thou divide for an inheritance the land, which I sware unto their fathers to give them. -> Though the land was divided in Joshua's day and Solomon needn’t worry about that, he does still have quite a bit to concern himself with, with running and caring for, the entire kingdom. [1:7] Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest. -> The first words out of Moses' mouth in both these verses--and we'll find in the final one I've included--is, "be strong and courageous," something all leaders who have never held the position before need to learn how to do. [1:8] This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success. -> "This Book of the Law shall not depart out of thy mouth=Father commanded that every king of Israel write their own copy of The Law in order that they learn it and learn how to follow it. [1:9] Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the LORD thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest. -> For the LORD thy God is with thee=Solomon was anointed by Father to be the third man king of Israel; and, so long as Solomon--as we'll read shortly--keeps Father's charge of hearing, obeying and doing His Commandments, Laws, Ordinances and Statutes, Father will not leave Solomon; however--and, sadly, this does come to pass--should Solomon turn from following and worshiping Father, then, Father will no longer be with Solomon. It's the same with us today brethren, if we follow, serve and worship Father, He will never leave us nor forsake us.
I Kings 2:2 “I go the way of all the earth: be thou strong therefore, and shew thyself a man; -> I go the way of the earth=In other words; I, like all other fleshly things, am coming to the end of my days walking in the flesh, and, am about to return Home; in simpler words: David is telling Solomon: I'm dying.
Shew thyself a man=A lot of people think that because Solomon was not a warfighter like his father, David; but, instead, a peaceful man, he therefore was a fearfully weak man, which really isn't true. David isn't telling Solomon to grow a pair of brass horns here, he's telling him--like Father's words to Joshua just after Father took Moses Home--to "be strong." Good words for a father to a son, what David is actually saying, is, for, his son, to be resolute, as, that is what this word "strong" is, in the original manuscripts: חזק, châzaq, pronounced - khaw-zak'; to be steadfast, or, holdfast, strengthened.
I Kings 2:3 And keep the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes, and His commandments, and His judgments, and His testimonies, as it is written in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper in all that thou doest, and whithersoever thou turnest thyself: -> His ways...His statutes...His Commandments...His Judgments...His Testimonies= Brethren, David's words to Solomon are just as applicable to you and I today. if we too walk in Father's Ways, keeping His Statutes, His Commandments, His Judgments and His Testimonies, things will go well for us. Yes, if we do these things, our adversary satan will more frequently attack us, as he doesn't want us to do these things; but, again, Father will never leave us nor forsake us. Sadly, also today, far too many people just don't know the difference between Father’s Commandments, Judgments, Statutes, or Testimonies. The "commandments" are Father's moral laws for our lives, and, they are just as important, right, and true, today, as, the day Father gave them to Moses on Mount Sinai. The first five commandments are directly related to our relationship with Father, while the last five are directed to man's morality, to govern his relations to his fellow man; the "Judgments" are those things which have to do with civil law; His "statutes" were the ceremonial teachings and things to observe, most of the statutes were symbolic in nature, and, were nailed to the cross with Jesus; wherein His "testimonies" deal with the laws and regulations of special services, as Father deals with His people in their lives. We will see as both, this Chapter, and Solomon’s life progresses, that, Solomon will be tested in each of these areas of instructions that David is giving to him. Following these instructions will make you a far wiser person and a better Christian, because, it will bring discipline in your life. It shows us how easily we can be taken in by others, when there is no discipline in our minds. We are talking about the common sense that Father has given us, and making the right choices with the knowledge and common sense that is in our minds. If you ever expect to be blessed by God and prosper, than you will have to pay attention to this example that David is giving to his son. It is up to you whether you are blessed or not. This history lesson is an ensample to each of us today.
As it is written in the Law of Moses=When we read these words, we should go and research where it was written, and what was actually said. So, let's do just that, let's go to "the Law," to Deuteronomy 17--These words and laws were given by Father to Moses some 550-600 years previous, and Father had known that eventually, Israel would seek to replace father as their king with a man, therefore, these words are the words and laws that a man king should and should not do--Deuteronomy 17:14 When thou art come unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, ‘I will set a king over me, like as all the nations that are about me;’ -> While the Israelites were still wandering the desert for those 40 years after Father had brought them up, out of the land of Egypt, He knew that they in the future would reject Him and instead favor a man to be king over them. So, now He is going to tell them what that man king shall and shall not do: [17:15] Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother. -> Only an Israelite was and is allowed to rule over them. This is why we in the USA are in the trouble we’re in today; because, we did not hear and obey Father, but, have made us a president who is not an Israelite. If you don’t understand this, you need to research where the “lost” ten tribes of Israel are scattered to today. I’ll give you a hint, they are not in the land of Israel, and, they are still scattered. [17:16] But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you, ‘Ye shall henceforth return no more that way.’ -> Horses were known to be in Egypt, and it was Egypt that Father had brought them out of; and, here He is commanding them to not return there to get any horses, or for any other reason. [17:17] Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold. -> Horses, silver, gold, and wives, all material things to show wealth: all things Father forbade; because, He didn’t want the “man king” to think too much of himself, He wanted the man to be more focused on His People. Sadly, David started to do this, as, he had several wives; however, the man who now sits on the throne, David's son Solomon will by the end of his reign multiply to himself way too many. He accumulate 700 wives and 300 concubines, and sadly, because many of these concubines are foreigners who serve other false gods, he too will follow and serve them and cause the nation of Israel to also follow, serve and worship them. Therefore Father will tear the kingdom in two. [17:18] And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites: -> Each and every man king was to write his own copy of Father’s Law to keep it fresh in his mind, to read it every day, to use it to judge Father’s People, and so that the man king know that Father is there over him and therefore reverence Him. Today, if we had more "kings of their own castle"--men--do as Father commanded, and write their own copy of Father's Law--such as I'm doing here, and that is no boast, just fact--then, we'd have a lot more people with a lot more knowledge of Father and His Word. [17:19] And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them: -> The man king was to do follow Father and His Laws so that His People would also follow Father, never turning aside from Him to worship other false gods. [17:20] That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel. -> If they, and we, followed, loved and worshiped Father, then He would never leave them, not forsake them, and things would always go well for them, and us.
As it is written=Notice the emphasis is laid on Father's Word "written." Dr. Bullinger writes in his parallel notes to the verse at Exodus 17:14, that, the first occurrence of the written Word. are wherein the tablets which were found at Lachish and Tel-el-Amarna show that a writing of a high order was fully developed before the time of Moses.; and, "a Book" this writing was afterward ordered for "the Book of the Law," where the history of that Book is traced from the passage at Exodus 17:14 to Malachi, he--Dr. Bullinger--also has an appendix set aside specifically for this.
I Kings 2:4 That the LORD may continue His Word which He spake concerning me, saying, ‘If thy children take heed to their way, to walk before Me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail thee (said He) a man on the throne of Israel. -> There shall not fail a man on the throne of Israel=We read in II Samuel 7, that, Father had made the Promise to David, that, there would always be a man from his house to sit upon the throne of Israel. Father made this Promise after He had defeated all David's and Israel's enemies round about them. After having peace, David was sitting in his house one day and he looked out his window and saw Father's Tabernacle, and thought to himself, that, it was wrong for him to be sitting in a house, while Father dwelt in a "curtain," fabric Tabernacle. Therefore, he was going to change that, and build a "house" for Father. So, he called the prophet Nathan, and asked Nathan if he thought it a good idea to do so. Nathan, without first seeking Father, told David to do all that his heart desired. However, that night, Father came to Nathan and told him otherwise, to go and tell David, that, He never asked or required any man to build a house for Him; that, it was He Who took Israel out of Egypt, led the Priests--the Judges--of Israel, until, Hophni and Phinehas has so profaned the Priesthood, that, the People no longer trusted the Priests, therefore, they cried out for a man to be set over them as king. Father first gave them Saul, a man who, when we first were introduced to him, couldn't find his ass, he pretty much stayed that way through his reign too; He then gave Israel him--king David--and now, his son Solomon. Father will continue to fulfill His Promise, but at this time of the kings of Israel, this Promise is not yet complete, nor is it complete to this day as, the Promise will only be fulfilled when His Son Jesus sits in His Rightful Place as King of kings.
2:5 For retribution. Joab.
I Kings 2:5 Moreover thou knowest also what Joab (whose Father is YHVH; or, YHVH-fathered) the son of Zeruiah (wounded) did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner (father of light) the son of Ner (a light; or, lamp), and unto Amasa (a burden) the son of Jether (his excellence), whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet. -> Joab...Zuriah=Joab was David's nephew, his own sister's son.
Did to me=Notice in this verse, David, does not mention his son--Absalom's--name probably because he was deserving of death; but, still, far as he is concerned, this was Joab's worst sin, the sin of his nephew Joab, killing his own son Absalom--as can be read in II Samuel 18:5-12--after he commanded him to deal gently with the young man even though he was trying to usurp his father's throne from him. The death of Abner can be read in II Samuel 3:27,39; and the death of Amasa can be read in II Samuel 20:9-11 and I Chronicles 2:17.
Follow David’s instructions to Solomon carefully, for, David is warning Solomon of those who are presently still living in his kingdom, and, of the evil acts which they have done before. If they had acted in such a manner before, then, surely, they will do so again, only this time, it will be to you. So, Solomon, wake up and look around you, know the people by the things which they say and the things that they do. At the same time, David is pleading with Solomon to even the score for him, by doing so, they will not likely deal in the same manner with you, these things must be made right before peace and security can exist in your kingdom. These men did not follow those Commandments, Judgments and Statutes of Father, and, therefore, they were not faithful to their own word. If you expect to have peace in your kingdom, then you must tend to these things from the start.
Joab=The most remarkable of the three nephews of David, the children of Zeruiah, David's sister. Joab first appears after David's accession to the throne at Hebron. Abner slew in battle Asahel, the youngest brother of Joab; and when David afterward received Abner into favor, Joab treacherously murdered him. There was now no rival left in the way of Joab's advancement, and at the siege of Jebus he was appointed for his prowess commander-in-chief --"captain of the host." In the wide range of wars which David undertook, Joab was the acting general. He was called by the almost regal title of "lord," in II Samuel 11:11 and "the prince of the king's army" in I Chronicles 27:34. In the entangled relations which grew up in David's domestic life he bore an important part, successfully reinstating Absalom in David's favor after the murder of Amnon II Samuel 14:1-20. When the relations between father and son were reversed by the revolt of Absalom, Joab remained true to the king, taking the rebel prince's dangerous life in spite of David's injunction to spare him, and when no one else had courage to act so decisive a part II Samuel 18:2 and 11-15. The king transferred the command to Amasa, which so enraged Joab that he adroitly assassinated Amasa when pretending to welcome him as a friend in II Samuel 20:10. Friendly relations between himself and David seem to have existed afterward II Samuel 24:2, but at the close of his long life, his loyalty, so long unshaken, at last wavered. "Though he had not turned after Absalom, he turned after Adonijah" I Kings 2:28. This probably filled up the measure of the king's long-cherished resentment. The revival of the pretensions of Adonijah after David's death was sufficient to awaken the suspicions of Solomon. Joab fled to the shelter of the altar at Gibeon, and was here slain by Benaiah..
Zeruiah=The mother of the three leading heroes of David's army --Abishai, Joab and Asahel-- known as the "sons of Zeruiah." Of Zeruiah's husband there is no mention in the Father's Word..
Abner=Son of Ner, we read in I Chronicles 9:36 that Ner was the brother of Kish, who was also the father of Saul. Abner, therefore, was Saul's first cousin, and was made by him commander-in-chief of his army in I Samuel 14:51, this can also be read in I Samuel 17:57 and 26:5-14. After the death of Saul, David was proclaimed king of Judah; and sometime subsequently Abner proclaimed Ish-bosheth, Saul's son, king of Israel. War soon broke out between the two rival kings, and a "very sore battle" was fought at Gibeon between the men of Israel under Abner and the men of Judah under Joab I Chronicles 2:16. Abner had married Rizpah, Saul's concubine, and this, according to the views of Oriental courts, might be so interpreted as to imply a design upon the throne. Rightly or wrongly, Ish-bosheth so understood it, and he even ventured to reproach Abner with it. Abner, incensed at his ingratitude, opened negotiations with David, by whom he was most favorably received at Hebron. He then undertook to procure his recognition throughout Israel; but after leaving his presence for the purpose was enticed back by Joab, and treacherously murdered by him and his brother Abishai, at the gate of the city, partly, no doubt, from fear lest so distinguished a convert to their cause should gain too high a place in David's favor, but ostensibly in retaliation for the death of Asahel. David in sorrow and indignation, poured forth a simple dirge over the slain hero II Samuel 3:33-34..
Ner=According to I Chronicles 8:33 he was the son of Jehiel, and was the brother to Kish, and uncle of King Saul..
Amasa=Son of Ithra, or Jether, by Abigail, David's sister II Samuel 17:27. He joined in Absalom's rebellion, was appointed commander-in-chief and suffered defeat by Joab II Samuel 18:6. David, incensed against Joab for killing Absalom, forgave Amasa and appointed him Joab's successor II Samuel 19:13. Joab afterwards, when they were both in pursuit of the rebel Sheba, pretending to salute Amasa stabbed him with his sword II Samuel 20:10..
Jether=The father of Amasa, captain-general of Absalom's army. Jether is another form of ITHRA II Samuel 17:25. He is described in I Chronicles 2:17 as an Ishmaelite, which again is more likely to be correct than the "Israelite" of the Hebrew in II Samuel 17:1..
2:6 For retribution. Joab.
I Kings 2:6 Do therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down to the grave in peace. -> David is passing on to his son, some of the things he knew he should have accomplished before turning the reigns over to his son; but, since he never had gotten around to it, he is now telling his son to not allow these men who did evil, to get away with their acts, and more specifically here, he tells Solomon to not let Joab die of natural causes in his old age.
2:7 For good. Barzillai.
I Kings 2:7 But shew kindness unto the sons of Barzillai (iron i.e. strong; or, iron hearted) the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat at thy table: for so they came to me when I fled because of Absalom (father of peace [that is] friendly; or, father of peace) thy brother. -> On the other hand, we now come to Barzillai who was kind to David while he was leaving Jerusalem as Absalom was entering in, in order to usurp the throne from his father. See, David fled, rather than stand and fight, knowing, that, a fight would have meant civil war, which he knew, displeased Father. He knew also, that, if it was father's Will that he remain king of Israel, then, father would restore the kingdom to him. In any case, as he was fleeing, he met up with Barzillai who treated him to food and goods. Solomon therefore, is to also treat his family as his own family, with like kindness.
In all of these instances of dealing with Joab, the sons of Barzillai, and Shimei (of whom we'll be reading of next), we see David instructing Solomon on how to deal out punishments of revenge to those who did evil, and, repayment of good for those who did righteously.
Barzillai=A wealthy Gileadite who showed hospitality to David when he fled form Absalom II Samuel 17:27. He declined the king's offer of ending his days at court II Samuel 19:32-39..
Gileadite=A branch of the tribe of Manasseh, descended from Gilead Numbers 26:29; Judges 10:3; and 12:4-5..
Absalom=The third son of David, this one by Maachah, daughter of Tamai king of Geshur; a Syrian district adjoining the northeast frontier of the Holy Land. Absalom had a sister, Tamar, who was violated by her half-brother Amnon. The natural avenger of such an outrage would be Tamar's full brother Absalom. He brooded over the wrong for two years, and then invited all the princes to a sheep-shearing feast at his estate in Baal Hazor, on the borders of Ephraim and Benjamin. Here he ordered his servants to murder Amnon, and then fled for safety to his grandfather's court at Geshur, where he remained for three years. At the end of that time he was brought back by an artifice of Joab. David, however, would not see Absalom for two more years; but at length Joab brought about reconciliation. Absalom now began at once to prepare for rebellion. He tried to supplant his father by courting popularity, standing in the gate, conversing with every suitor, and lamenting the difficulty which he would find in getting a hearing. He also maintained a splendid retinue II Samuel 15:1, and was admired for his personal beauty. It is probable too that the great tribe of Judah had taken some offence at David's government. Absalom raised the standard of revolt at Hebron, the old capital of Judah, now supplanted by Jerusalem. The revolt was at first completely successful; David fled from his capital over the Jordan to Mahanaim in Gilead, and Absalom occupied Jerusalem. At last, after being solemnly anointed king at Jerusalem II Samuel 19:10; Absalom crossed the Jordan to attack his father, who by this time had rallied round him a considerable force. A decisive battle was fought in Gilead, in the wood of Ephraim. Here Absalom's forces were totally defeated, and as he himself was escaping his long hair was entangled in the branches of a terebinth, where he was left hanging while the mule on which he was riding ran away from under him. He was dispatched by Joab in spite of the prohibition of David, who, loving him to the last, had desired that his life might be spared. He was buried in a great pit in the forest, and the conquerors threw stones over his grave, an old proof of bitter hostility Joshua 7:26..
2:8 For retribution. Shimei.
I Kings 2:8 And, behold, thou hast with thee Shimei (famous; or, renowned) the son of Gera (a grain), a Benjamite of Bahurim (map 2) (low ground), which cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim (double camp): but he came down to meet me at Jordan, and I sware to him by the LORD, saying, “I will not put thee to death with the sword.” -> After David and his entourage had crossed over the Mount of Olives he was met by this Shimei who was of the Tribe of Benjamin. Of course, the first man king of Israel, Saul, was also from the Tribe of Benjamin, and, when David--and not one of Saul's sons--had ascended the throne as the next man king of Israel, there were many in the Tribe of Benjamin who were very displeased that the throne was no longer held by a Benjamite, because, once the throne was gone, so were the perks that had come with it. Anyway, this Shimei met David and his entourage just after they came down off the Mount of Olives, and his greeting wasn't very accepting or cordial, actually, it was just the opposite, and he was cursing David and throwing stones at him. David didn't do anything to Shimei then, so, now, David is passing down to Solomon, instructions as to what to do concerning Shimei.
Shimei=The son of Gera, a Benjamite of the house of Saul, who lived at Bahurim. When David and his suite were seen descending the long defile, on his flight from Absalom II Samuel 16:5-13, the whole feeling of the clan of Benjamin burst forth without restraint in the person of Shimei. He ran along the ridge, cursing and throwing stones at the king and is companions. The next meeting was very different. The king was now returning from his successful campaign. Just as he was crossing the Jordan II Samuel 19:18, the first person to welcome him was Shimei who threw himself at David's feet in abject penitence. But the king's suspicions were not set at rest by this submission; and on his death-bed he recalls the whole scene to the recollection of his son Solomon. Solomon gave Shimei notice that from henceforth he must consider himself confined to the walls of Jerusalem, on pain of death I Kings 3:36-37. For three years the engagement was kept. At the end of that time for the purpose of capturing two slaves who had escaped to Gath, he went out on his ass, and made his journey successfully. Ibid I Kings 2:40. On his return the king took him at his word, and he was slain by Benaiah. Ibid I Kings 2:41-46..
Gera=One of the "sons," i.e. descendants, of Benjamin Genesis 46:21. Gera, who is named Judges 3:15, as the ancestor of Ehud, and in II Samuel 16:5 as the ancestor of Shimei who cursed David, is probably also the same person (though some consider them different persons)..
Bahurim=A village II Samuel 16:6, apparently on or close to the road leading up from the Jordan valley to Jerusalem, and near the south boundary of Benjamin..
Mahanaim=A town on the east of the Jordan. The name signifies two hosts or two camps, and was given to it by Jacob, because he there met "the angels of God" Genesis 32:1-2. We next meet with it in the records of the conquest Joshua 13:26,39. It was within the territory of Gad Joshua 21:38-39, and therefore on the south side of the torrent Jabbok. The town with its "suburbs" was allotted to the service of the Merarite Levites Joshua 21:39; and I Chronicles 6:80. Mahanaim had become in the time of the monarchy a place of mark II Samuel 2:8,12. David took refuge there when driven out of the western part of his kingdom by Absalom II Samuel 17:24; and I Kings 2:8. Mahanaim was the seat of one of Solomon's commissariat officers I Kings 4:14. and it is alluded to in the song which bears his name Song of Solomon 6:13. There is a place called Mahneh among the villages of the part of Jordan, through its exact position is not certain..
2:9 For retribution. Shimei.
I Kings 2:9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless: (for thou art a wise man, and knowest what thou oughtest to do unto him); but his hoar head bring thou down to the grave with blood. -> Solomon is going to be wise concerning Shimei. He will do as his father asks, and, not hold him guiltless; however, he is going to devise a different set of circumstances by which to hold Shimei accountable, and then convict and punish him of a fresh offense.
2:10 David. Death.
I Kings 2:10 So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David. -> David has now succumbed and given up his spirit which has returned Home to be with Father, while his body is buried on Mount Zion, in the city named after him. Right there in Father's favorite city in all His created universe: Jerusalem. The whereabouts of which sepulcher was well known, even to the time of Jesus and beyond, as, we can read in Acts 2:29 that he died and was buried.
With David's passing, it thus ends one of Israel's greatest times under a man king. All the other men kings of Israel will be held in judgment and compared to David, as, it was said of him that, he was a man after God's own heart." The Nation prospered and grew under him, it wasn't actually because of what David physically did, rather, it was his love, and obedience of Father which caused Father to make Israel great. Yes, under Solomon, the Nation will for the next 40 years continue to grow; however, at the end of this next 40 year period, the Nation will be separated into two separate Nations or Houses: the House of Israel and the House of Judah, and will decline until both houses go into captivity because of their failure to adhere to Father's strict demands..
I Kings 2:11 And the days that David reigned over Israel were forty years: seven years reined he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem. -> First Saul, then David, and now Solomon all reigned for 40 years. Forty in Biblical numerics denotes probation.
Remember, while Saul reigned over the House of Israel, David reigned over Judah, then, when Saul returned Home to Father when he and his sons were killed on the battlefield while fighting against the Philistines, when David did reign over the House of Israel--all twelve tribes--he reigned in Hebron seven years before he took Jerusalem from the Jebusites, and cleaned it up and made it the capital of the Israelites.
2:12-11:43 SOLOMON. (Introversion.)
2:12 Solomon. Ascension.
2:12-11:40 Reign. Events.
2:12-11:40 REIGN. EVENTS. (Alternation.)
2:12-46 GOVERNMENT. (Introversion and Repeated Alternation.)
2:12 Establishment of kingdom.
I Kings 2:12 Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly. -> Remember also, Solomon had so much respect for his father that though David had already turned the kingdom over to him before he died, Solomon would not sit upon his father's throne; however, now that David has returned Home to Father, Solomon will rightfully sit on his throne.
At this point in Israel's history, and for the next several years, Israel is sitting atop the food chain, in other words, they are at the height of their power, as being probably the most powerful nation in the world.
2:13-25 Execution. Adonijah.
2:13-25 EXECUTION. ADONIJAH. (Extended Alternation.)
2:13-16 Bath-sheba. Approached by Adonijah.
I Kings 2:13 And Adonijah the son of Haggith (festive; or, festive dancer) came to Bath-sheba (daughter of the oath) the mother of Solomon. And she said, “Comest thou peaceably?” And he said, “Peaceably.” -> Comest thou peaceably=Notice that Bath-sheba is suspicious of Adonijah's presence before her. She has every right to be, because he is not there peaceably, he is there in order to make another attempt to usurp the throne from her son Solomon.
Haggith=A wife of David and the mother of Adonijah II Samuel 3:4; I Kings 1:5,11; 2:13; and I Chronicles 3:2, who, like her son Absalom, was famed for her beauty..
Bath-sheba=II Samuel 11:3 etc., also called Bath-shua in I Chronicles 3:5 the daughter of Eliam II Samuel 11:3, or Ammiel I Chronicles 3:5, the son of Ahithophel II Samuel 23:34, and wife of Uriah the Hittite. The child which was the fruit of her adulterous intercourse with David died; but after marriage she became the mother of four sons, Solomon Matthew 1:6, Shimea, Shobab and Nathan. When Adonijah attempted to set aside the succession promised to Solomon, Bath-sheba informed the king of the conspiracy I Kings 1:11,15,23. After the accession of Solomon, she, as queen-mother, requested permission of her son for Adonijah to take in marriage Abishag the Shunammite I Kings 2:21-25..
I Kings 2:14 He said moreover, “I have somewhat to say unto thee.” And she said, “Say on.” -> Mothers can sometimes be very trusting, and here Bath-sheba is going to give Adonijah the benefit of the doubt. Adonijah is going to be deceitful in that he is going to attempt to have Solomon's mother make a request on his behalf. After all, how could Solomon deny the request of his own mother. The lesson here brethren, is, that, we too should be very careful concerning someone's word, for, when they have betrayed you before, expect it to happen again. Though these words seem so innocent, they are all part of a deadly plot of treason. It is far more than just seeking the hand of the young Abishag.
I Kings 2:15 And he said, “Thou knowest that the kingdom was mine (this is a lie, as, it was never his, it was always Father’s plan for Solomon to be the next man king of Israel), and that all Israel set their faces on me, that I should reign (another lie): howbeit the kingdom is turned about, and is become my brother's: for it was his from the LORD (finally a truth). -> Adonijah starts out his request to Bath-sheba with two very obvious lies, and, Bath-sheba should see them for what they are; but, by her accepting of his request and taking it to Solomon, it appears she did not see them for what they were. He does however, end his request with a very true statement--"for it was his from the LORD"--one which, even if she had caught on to what he was trying, won her over.
I Kings 2:16 And now I ask one petition of thee, deny me not.” And she said unto him, “Say on.” -> Here is the trap which Bath-sheba should have seen coming. I say a trap because, in reality, by Adonijah going to Solomon's own mother and involving her in his plot, she too could be seen as a co-conspirator, and therefore, be put to death. That won't happen, for, Solomon, will see through Adonijah's veiled plot and it will cost Adonijah his life.
Deny me not=This is a Hebrew idiom, and means "turn not away my face," in other words, please do not deny my request by sending me away without first granting it.
2:17 Adonijah’s request.
I Kings 2:17 And he said, “Speak, I pray thee, unto Solomon the king, (for he will not say thee nay,) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite to wife.” -> Adonijah knows that with Solomon being king of Israel, it is within his power to grant just about anything he wishes, especially if it is his own mother asking for something, which is why he went to her in the first place. What does he ask Bath-sheba to ask her son for? The young Shunammite girl, Abishag.
See how conniving Adonijah is being? Solomon, for his part, will indeed see through this plot by his brother, knowing that, the man who lays with the previous king's wives, is the man the kingdom sees as king. Solomon will call his brother on this plot, and he'll also "call in his marker" so to speak, meaning, he'll have Adonijah put to death for not living up to his word from when he promised to be a worthy man back in I Kings 1:52: I Kings 1:51 And it was told Solomon, saying, “Behold, Adonijah feareth king Solomon: for, lo, he hath caught hold on the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let king Solomon swear unto me to day that he will not slay his servant with the sword.’” -> We saw that Adonijah knew that what he did was wrong; however, he still has his eyes set on being king of Israel. Power corrupts. Look at our current Administration and US Attorney general and the things they are doing, and how it is ripping this Country apart. I Kings 1:52 And Solomon said, “If he will shew himself a worthy man, there shall not an hair of him fall to the earth: but if wickedness shall be found in him, he shall die.” -> Solomon had compassion on his brother Adonijah; but, now that he has shown himself to be a not too worthy man, that compassion "has gone out the window." I Kings 1:53 So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and bowed himself to king Solomon: and Solomon said unto him, “Go to thine house.” -> Adonijah couldn't keep his thoughts form the throne and therefore continued his shenanigans, and will be put to death for them. His brother warned him and gave him every chance.
Say thee nay=Like "deny me not" one verse above, this too is a Hebrew Idiom which means basically the same thing; don't turn me away, or deny my request.
2:18 Promise made.
I Kings 2:18 And Bath-sheba said, “Well (good); I will speak for thee unto the king.” -> Bath-sheba does in hearing the words of Adonijah, like many Christians do today with Father’s Word she listens to—they read—the words which are being spoken, but do not have the knowledge to know what is behind the thought of the speaker. Bath-sheba gave in too easily to this man who had a bad reputation, and she did not consider the outcome of his request. Wicked men and women know the words that will turn on a Christian, and cause them to let down their spiritual guard. Likewise also, Christians are not familiar enough with the Truth in Father’s Word to know when they are being led astray, nor do they Study His Word in-depth enough to know when they are being taught man’s traditions and false teachings and doctrines. Here, Adonijah used Father’s name only as a means of getting to Bath-sheba's heart, to gain an advantage over her. Adonijah had no more desire to seek Father's ways, nor did he care for the ways of the YHVH, nor His will. Pastors teach thing like the rapture, the eating of unclean meats, the rolling of eggs, sending them large contributions to the point of families and the elderly giving their last cent so that they can live lavishly on their prosperity doctrines. These are all tools of satan.
2:19 Bath-sheba approached by Solomon.
I Kings 2:19 Bath-sheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king's mother; and she sat on his right hand. -> Solomon rose...bowed himself...had a seat brought (picture a small throne in your mind)...She sat on his right hand=In all this, we see the deep love and respect Solomon had for his mother, as, these are all things a king--who holds the highest position in a monarchy--does not do for very many people at all.
Adonijah was counting on just this love and reaction from Solomon, as; he knew this would be the key to Solomon's granting his request for Abishag. What he was not counting on was Solomon seeing through his plot and ploy.
2:20 Bath-sheba approached by Solomon.
I Kings 2:20 Then she said, “I desire one small petition of thee; I pray thee, say me not nay.” And the king said unto her, “Ask on, my mother: for I will not say thee nay.” -> One small petition=Bath-sheba may think this request by her--done in good faith, unlike Adonijah, who is conniving--is a small thing; however, again Solomon, will not think it such a small matter, nor will like even the sound of it.
Though Solomon loved his mother dearly, and, though he had said that he would not deny her request, he will indeed deny it. Not that he wants to deny his mother, but, the deceitfulness of the conspiracy.
2:21 Adonijah’s request.
I Kings 2:21 And she said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah thy brother to wife.” -> Notice that Bath-sheba does not say that Adonijah came to her asking for Abishag; no, she makes this request sound like it was her idea. On the surface it sounds like a reasonable wish, only there are very deep overtones here. Again, this was exactly what Adonijah was counting on Bath-sheba doing, sadly for her, she fell for his trap. Her son Solomon will not.
Be given=Here, the verb is mascuine, as it usually is, when a woman acts a man's part.
I Kings 2:22 And king Solomon answered and said unto his mother, “And why dost thou ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask for him the kingdom also; for he is mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.” -> Probably even before Bath-sheba finishes her request, Solomon pretty much blows-up; he isn't so much angry with his mother, as he is with her request, or, should I say, the true person behind the request. I'm quite sure Solomon knew this wasn't something his mother dreamed up to ease Adonijah's pain at having lost the kingdom to his younger brother. She knew--as Nathan and David both had told her--that it was Father, YHVH Who promised David that his and her son Solomon would be the next man king of Israel.
Truly, Bath-sheba should have realized that Adonijah's request wasn't just about getting a young virgin girl. Now, why Bath-sheba forwarded this request for Abishag, we'll never know for sure, whether it was that she was displeased that a young virgin was brought in to lay with her husband, or, what, we don't know. What we do know, is, that, she did indeed go to her son with Adonijah's request. It won't cost her anything except hearing her son become angry; but, for Adonijah, he's a doomed man with his fate sealed.
Abiathar and Joab=Solomon knows this request did not originate in his mother, so, asks her, mother, if, you are going to ask a favor for Adonijah, are you going to also ask for favors for Abiathar and Joab too, do you not remember that these are the very same men who planned and plotted with Adonijah to take the throne against Father’s and David's wishes.
Brethren, this may seem like it's a small thing, but I assure you, it is not. As we go about our lives today Studying and reading and learning Father's Word, we have to be vigilant against those little things which creep in and are foreign to the testimonies and judgments that Father has placed in His Word for us to learn, apply to our lives, and teach others. Much like the pharisees coming to Jesus in Matthew 15, with their doctrines and traditions, which He told them transgresses the Word of Father to the point that they make it of none effect, if we too give in a little here, and a little there, to where those things that we say we stand for are so polluted, then, just like the pharisees, it becomes offensive to Father and it too is of none effect. It is easy to err if you are ignorant in Father's Word, which is the whole point of Studying it, to make yourself familiar to the point of being able to combat falseness and make a Stand for Father.
Abiathar=High priest; and fourth in descent from Eli and approximately twelfth from Aaron, from Aaron’s son Eleazar. Abiathar was the only one of the all the sons of Ahimelech the High Priest of Nob (Zadok is still the High Priest of Gibeah) who escaped the slaughter inflicted upon his father's house by Saul. Abiathar having become high priest, was thus enabled to inquire of the Lord for him in I Samuel 23:9; 30:7; II Samuel 2:1; and 5:19 etc. He adheres to David in his wanderings while being pursued by Saul; he will be with him while he reigns in Hebron, and afterwards in Jerusalem II Samuel 2:1-3. He will continue to be faithful to David during his son Absalom's rebellion II Samuel 15:24,29,35-36; 17:15-17; and 19:11. When, however, Adonijah sets himself up for David's successor on the throne, in opposition to Solomon, Abiathar sides with him, while Zadok was on Solomon's side. For this, Abiathar will be deprived of the high priesthood. Zadok joins David at Hebron I Chronicles 12:28, so that there will be henceforth two High Priests during the reign of David, and until the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, when Zadok becomes the sole High Priest..
2:22-25 Promise fulfilled. Result.
I Kings 2:23 Then king Solomon sware by the LORD, saying, “God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah have not spoken this word against his own life. -> Solomon's wrath is hot. He swore his brother--after he fled and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar and made Solomon sware--that, "not one hair of his head would fall to the earth, so long as he showed himself a worthy man;" however, now, it isn't Solomon breaking the oath, but, Adonijah, therefore, Solomon has every right to, and will carry out, his end of the oath and now put his brother to death. In this phrase "God do so to me, and more also" is a solemn oath by Solomon to Father, allowing Father to do more to Solomon, than he is going to do to Adonijah, if, what he is going to do to Adonijah, isn't accomplished this very day.
I Kings 2:24 Now therefore, as the LORD liveth, Which hath established me, and set me on the throne of David my father, and Who hath made me an house, as He promised, Adonijah shall be put to death this day.” -> Which hath established me, and set me on the throne of David my father, and Who hath made me an house, as He promised=Remember where and when this promise was made? It was made back in II Samuel 7: II Samuel 7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over My People Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that He will make thee an house. -> Which actually came from I Chronicles 17:10-14: I Chronicles 17:10 And since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies. Furthermore I tell thee that the LORD will build thee an house. -> This is Father telling David that He will set him and his seed on the throne. Of course, David is of the seed line of Judah, so, this too fulfills prophesy given back in Genesis 49: Genesis 49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee. [49:9] Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? [49:10] The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. [49:11] Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: [49:12] His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.. Let’s continue with I Chronicles 17: [17:11] And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom. -> Father is telling David that when it is his turn to come Home to Him, then, He will put one of his sons on the throne of Israel, and, he will establish his line forever on the throne, of course this is in reference to Jesus Christ. [17:12] He shall build Me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever. -> Near term is Solomon who now sits upon the throne; long term is Jesus Christ Who will first come as the Lamb to be slaughtered, the Passover Lamb, and then come for His Second Advent and will sit on His Throne on Father’s right hand forever. [17:13] I will be his father, and he shall be My son: and I will not take My mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee: [17:14] But I will settle him in Mine house and in My kingdom for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore.’’” -> Father will set His Son Jesus on His Throne and establish it forever: Amen. Let’s return now to II Samuel 7: [7:12] And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. -> Again, this promise by Father is two-fold, as, it is in reference to Solomon who is now ruling the kingdom of Israel, and, also of his brother Nathan—not the prophet—from whose seed will come Father in the flesh. [7:13] He shall build an house for My name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. -> He shall build an house for My was Solomon who was the royal seedline and built the Temple in Jerusalem for all to come and worship Father in. It was Nathan whose line was established for Immanuel to become flesh, and this was fulfilled when Father's Holy Spirit came upon Mary and Father became flesh. It is this line, the line of Saviour, Messiah which will be established forever - LORD of lords and KING of kings - Kingdom without end. [7:14] I will be his Father, and he shall be My son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: -> Paul quoted this verse in the New Testament, in Hebrews 1:5. [7:15] But My mercy (loving kindness) shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. -> Father's love for His Son will never be removed from His Son, because you cannot remove the love for oneself. Sadly, too many Christians believe--because they have been taught--that Father did indeed remove HIs love from Jesus, or at least Jesus thought He did. How or why do I make this claim? Because, many Christians have been taught that as Jesus hung on that cross dying, He stated in Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34 ...“Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is, being interpreted, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?” -> What they fail to realize in their misinterpretation of Father's Word though, is, that, Jesus was teaching us while He was dying on that cross, in other words, He was quoting and reciting Psalms 22 the entire Psalm, in which David starts with the phrase "My God, my God, why hast Thou forsaken me?". Unlike our Lord Who will never be rejected by Father, Saul, on the other hand, was rejected as the first man king of Israel by our Father because of his disobedience and rejecting of Father and His Word. On more than one occasion did Father give Samuel guidance to give to Saul in what he should do, and in just about every one of those cases, Saul, did just the opposite. Saul never sought out Father such as he sought out the witch of Endor - with his whole heart. [7:16] And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.''" -> Established forever=This is a covenant that Father had made with David, it is a Covenant of Salt which Father gave to him concerning his Descendant - The True David - Jesus Christ. There are three separate and distinct subjects being spoken of here which are all tied together: “the house;” “the kingdom” and “the throne.” From the time that David was anointed as the second man king of Israel, all three of these things have been in existence, and, their existence will continue until this earth age is over. Why? Because God established them and He protects them. At the end of this Age, then during the Millennium and the Eternity Jesus will be the King Who rules over the House, the Kingdom and the Throne.
Hath made me an house=What we don't yet see, or, read here, is, that, Solomon is already married and has a son: Rehoboam, who is approximately 1 year old at this time.
I Kings 2:25 And king Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him that he died. -> Sent by the hand Benaiah=This task is reserved for the Commanding General of the Army, since Joab betrayed Father, David and Solomon, and, supported Adonijah in his conspiracy, the position has been taken away from him and given to the Captain of the Royal Guard, Benaiah, a promotion for him.
Anyway, Solomon no sooner made his solemn oath concerning the slaying--for treason--of Adonijah, then he sends for and dispatches Benaiah to complete the task.
2:26 Deposition. Abiathar.
I Kings 2:26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, “Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted.” -> Fields=Some codices with three early printed editions, the Septuagint, the Syriac, and the Vulgate all read "Estate," remember, the Priests had their houses in Anathoth. So, what we see in this, is, that, Solomon tells Abiathar, that the only reason he will not kill him today is, because, he is a Priest, and one who bore the Ark of YHVH for his father David. He continues, and, says pretty much what he had told his brother Adonijah in the last chapter: go to your house and cause no more trouble, or, you will be put to death.
Afflicted=Afflicted? Yes, you could say that Abiathar had been afflicted, remember, it was his father Ahimelech and all the other priests at Nob who had been slain by Doeg--on Saul's command--because Ahimelech had assisted David while he was on the run from Saul. After watching this slaughter, Abiathar ran to and joined onto David and his little rag-tag army, and Saul continued to try and kill them all. Solomon heard the stories and tales, he knows them well, and it is for this reason that he will not as yet, kill Abiathar, but, instead, give him another chance to redeem himself.
Anathoth=A priests' city belonging to the tribe of Benjamin, with "suburbs" Joshua 21:18; I Chronicles 6:60. Anathoth lay about three miles from Jerusalem Isaiah 10:30. The cultivation of the priests survives in tilled fields of grain, with figs and olives. There are the remains of walls and strong foundations, and the quarries still supply Jerusalem with building stones..
2:27 Deposition. Abiathar.
I Kings 2:27 So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil the word of the LORD, which He spake concerning the house of Eli (ascension) in Shiloh. -> Fulfil the word of the LORD, which He spake concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh=If you’ll recall from I Samuel 2, Eli had allowed his two sons, to become, pretty much, sons of belial, remember they laying with all the women when they came to offer offerings to Father, they were taking all the choice meat offerings and such, let’s turn there and read of it again: I Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD. -> Sadly, Eli's sons were not like their father, they were worthless scoundrels who knew not YHVH. Even more sadly, their father allowed them to be wicked before the Father. Personally, I cannot understand how the high priest of YHVH and judge of Israel at this time - Eli, could have allowed this to take place. Let's listen to Father and see just how wicked they two idiots were. [2:13] And the priests' custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand; -> This was the custom of the priests - "man's traditions," - in other words it was not according to Father's direction and law. Because Father told Moses and Aaron what they—the priests—would receive in Leviticus 7: Leviticus 7:1 Likewise this is the law of the trespass offering: it is most holy. -> These laws governing the offerings are a set of special instruction for the priests to follow. Remember that there are three holy offerings and four most holy, and this trespass offering is one of the most holy. [7:2] In the place where they kill the burnt offering shall they kill the trespass offering: and the blood thereof shall he sprinkle round about upon the altar. -> It is the people that bring their offerings to the Lord are the ones that must kill their animal to be sacrificed to God. The priest would not sprinkle the blood on the altar, but sprinkled it to the sides of the altar. [7:3] And he shall offer of it all the fat thereof; the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, -> To "offer" as used here is "karab" in the Hebrew text, and it means to bring the offering near to the altar, as was also stated in Leviticus 3:3, 3:4, 3:8-9. [7:4] And the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the flanks, and the caul that is above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away: -> Again, the flank is the loin, and the caul is the covering of fat over the kidneys. [7:5] And the priest shall burn them upon the altar for an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a trespass offering. [7:6] Every male among the priests shall eat thereof: it shall be eaten in the holy place: it is most holy. -> Again, the flank is the loin, and the caul is the covering of fat over the kidneys. So, just how did this tradition that Eli’s sons were following come about? Most likely by "whom" the House of Israel and the priests allowed into the priesthood. To find the answer to this we have to go back to when the Israelites first entered into the Promised Land. Just after Moses died, they entered and Joshua was their leader at the time. If you recall, Father told the Israelites to utterly destroy - man, woman and child, all the inhabitants of the Promised Land - the land of Canaan. Why would Father tell the Israelites to do this? Because they--the inhabitants of the land- the hittites, the girgashites, the amorites, the canaanites, the perizzites, the hivites, and the jebusites--had all messed and mated with the fallen angels: the nephilim. This first happened during Noah's time and is why Father brought about the flood during Noah's time, in order to destroy all the hybrid giant children and the people. After that flood, there was a second influx of angels, and the men again allowed their women to lay with these angels to produce hybrid children. Sadly, Joshua and the Israelites did not listen to Father, but instead, allowed their conscience to get in the way and instead as can be read in Joshua 9, when the hivites came to them claiming that they had heard of the Israelite God: YHVH, they wanted to worship Him, again, a false statement, however the Israelites bought into their lies and allowed them to stay amongst them. When Joshua and the elders of Israel did realize the hivites had in fact lied to them--since they had already entered into a covenant with them that they wouldn't utterly destroy them--they then made the hivites the "temple servants"-- nethinims-- to the priests, who had them cut firewood and carry water which was used at the altar of YHVH. Later as can be read in I Chronicles 2:55 the Israelites had allowed these--who were to be utterly destroyed--to take over the scribeship of the records of all things important to the Israelites. Later still they worked their way up--because the Levitical Priests became lazy--to become the priests at the temple and altar of YHVH. This wasn't truly discovered and stopped until after the captivity by the Babylonians as the Israelites were trying to re-establish Jerusalem which can be read in Ezra 2:61-63, 8:15 and 9:1-2 also in Nehemiah 3:14, 7:63, 7:73, 10:28 and other places. Anyway, Eli's two wicked sons probably got their ideas from these hivites. [2:14] And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither. -> The priest took for himself=were the priests supposed to take anything? No, as we already read above, they were authorized by Father's Law to receive a portion for themselves. But here, these sons of Eli - these sons of belial, were ripping the people off and making Father and His laws an abomination to the people. They were taking--by force--in other words, they were stealing from the people, and sadly, it gets worse. If there was a good side to this, it was that they at least weren't claiming it to be "for YHVH." [2:15] Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, "Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw." -> Fat=The fat was not to be consumed by man because it contains all the poisons; therefore it was to be burnt and offered to Father. But, here in this verse, we are seeing--again the breaking of Father's Law--because Eli's sons and probably the nethinims too, were demanding of the people to not put the offering in the seething pot but instead give them the raw flesh so that they could cook it over an open flame, or for that matter, they may have been selling it to make a profit for themselves. Either way, the priests were breaking the law and again making Father and His Laws an abomination to the people. It is because of these things and others by those in charge, that the people in the future will demand a man king. In reality, it should have drove the people away from man--more toward Father--and they should have demanded the priests and those in charge to leave them alone and asked Father to intervene on their behalf. Paul told us in I Corinthians 10 why these things happened: I Corinthians 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition (calling attention to, for our warning, in other words, for us to learn from), upon whom the ends of the world are come. -> What Eli's sons and the nethinims were doing to the people by taking their tithe offerings (yes, Father does love a cheerful giver) is no different than the "prosperity doctrines" by many of the preachers of today. When I was a Mail Carrier, it was very common that I see the same "prayers by mail" mail come through the system begging for money to support their belial ministries. Father doesn't need our money, nor will He grant or answer a prayer because you "gave much" money to a certain preacher. Jesus told His disciples in Matthew 10:5-10: Mathew 10:5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, "Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: [10:6] But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. [10:7] And as ye go, preach, saying, 'The kingdom of heaven is at hand.' [10:8] Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give. 10:9] Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses, [10:10] Nor scrip for your journey (in other words don't go begging for money when you go and bring forth the Word of God), neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.. [2:16] And if any man said unto him, "Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth;" then he would answer him, "Nay; but thou shalt give it me now: and if not, I will take it by force." -> These two sons--preachers--of Eli's are talking and plotting together, to rip the people off. They are establishing right now, the methods or traditions that they will force on the Israelites when they come to offer their offerings to Father. When the sacrifice is in the pot boiling, then the Sacrifice Offering will be taken before it can be offered, and the amount taken will be determined by the priests and nethinims, not freely offered up by the people, not in accordance with the Law. This is not going to go well with the congregation, for the sacrifice is something that is to be given of their own free will, however as we see here, it becomes burdensome and a tax on the people – it becomes an abomination to them. (Korban) How long do you figure Father will allow this to continue? [2:17] Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD. -> These two sons of Eli made the sacrifice so abominable to the people; that the people absolutely despised to come to Shiloh, to the Hose of God, to offer up their prayers and offerings to Father, it became contemptible to them. So, what did Father say about this? Let’s stay in this same book and Chapter, but, turn with me to verse v2:31: I Samuel 2:31 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house. -> I will cut off thine arm=Because of Eli's non-action against his sons, Father is directing at Eli's family itself; not the House of Israel. Father is now telling Eli that He is going to call Hophni and Phinehas Home to Him while at the same time; take the governmental responsibilities - the Judgeship - also away from the priesthood and turn those responsibilities over to a king. [2:32] And thou shalt see an enemy in My habitation, in all the wealth which God shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever. -> Father continues His dressing down of Eli. [2:33] And the man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from Mine altar, shall be to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age. -> Father tells Eli that all the power that he and the lineage of Aaron and Levi had; He is going to remove it and hand it over to someone else; for the kingship, it will be Saul, and for the priesthood, it will be Samuel - the last judge of the House of Israel. Now comes the death-blow. [2:34] And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them. -> Just like Aaron's sons Nadab and Abiuhu - immediately and simultaneously. Rightfully so, too: they both deserved to be recalled Home to Him; to stand before Him and answer Him for their evil deeds which they committed in His name. [2:35] And I will raise Me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that which is in Mine heart and in My mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before Mine anointed for ever. -> Raise Me up a faithful priest=Father shouldn't even have to tell Eli that this will be Samuel; for even Eli should be able to see this coming. This is the short term fix and when I say short term, I mean the remainder of the Flesh Age of man; and it really doesn't last that long for even the kings will turn away from Him and commit their abominations and He will then send them into captivity to other nations. For the long term; it will be Jesus - the LORD of lords and KING of kings: this is prophecy, for remember that the "Anointed" means the "Messiah" in the Hebrew tongue. Father is promising the coming of a Messiah Who will rule over a house of people that will follow him for ever. We know today that our Father gave us His only Begotten Son, that whoso ever shall believe on that "Anointed" One - Jesus the Christ, shall have eternal life. Here again we have a two-fold meaning in this verse. Father is not going to cut off the priesthood, but instead - raise up a priesthood - not from Eli's sons, but from Hannah's son. We know the new high priest will be in Samuel. Hannah prayed and asked Father for a male child and if He would provide that male child, she would in turn give that son back to Father. God is going to use that son Samuel to carry on the priesthood. This is why we can look to Samuel as a "type" for our Saviour - Jesus Christ, Who also established His priesthood after the order of Melchisedec "the king of the Just" who is our Heavenly Father. This, then, was partially fulfilled in I Samuel 4:11: I Samuel 4:11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain. -> Father told Eli in I Samuel 2:27-36 that He was going to take these two Home to Him in one day and He reaffirmed it to Samuel in I Samuel 3, so this should have been of no surprise to Eli or anyone else that these two are now dead. Father always keeps His word and He had told Samuel what was to be; and now his two sons, Hophni and Phinehas were killed for their stupid act of parading on the battle field. Father planned it, and placed it in the young man – Samuel's, visions many nights before, and it all came to pass. Father used the enemy of His people – the Philistines, to fulfill His promises. You may think that those rip-off preachers are getting away with their thieving ways; but Father will not let him get away with anything, He has no patience with thieves in priest's robes –beggars, claiming to be servants of Him or His. As for the Ark; Father--in His time--will bring it back to the Israelites. He is showing them what fools they were for (1) not consulting with Him as to whether they should go to war or how to fight and (2) not seeking Him in their taking His Ark to the frontlines on the battlefield. The complete fulfillment of this then, is, several verses below which we’ll read of when we come to verse v2:35.
Eli=A descendant of Aaron through Ithamar, the youngest of his two surviving sons Leviticus 10:1,2,12. We can compare I Kings 2:27 with II Samuel 8:17; I Chronicles 24:3. He was the first of the line of Ithamar who held the office of high priest. The office remained in his family till Abiathar was thrust out by Solomon I Kings 1:7; 2:26-27, when it passed back again to the family of Eleazar in the person of Zadok I Kings 2:35. Its return to the elder branch was one part of the punishment which had been denounced against Eli during his lifetime, for his culpable negligence I Samuel 2:22-25. When his sons profaned the priesthood; compare I Samuel 2:27-36 with I Kings 2:27. Notwithstanding this one great blemish, the character of Eli is marked by eminent piety, as shown by his meek submission to the divine judgment I Samuel 3:18, and his supreme regard for the ark of God in I Samuel 4:18. In addition to the office of high priest, he held that of judge. He died at the advanced age of 98 years I Samuel 4:18, overcome by the disastrous intelligence that the ark of God had been taken in battle by the Philistines, who had also slain his sons Hophni and Phinehas..
Shiloh=Place of rest, it was the religious capital at the time and it was where the tabernacle of the Lord was built, and where the Ark of the Covenant was kept..
2:28-34 Execution. Joab.
I Kings 2:28 Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah, though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. -> Joab knew that for his part in the conspiracy, he was a doomed man, therefore, he, like Adonijah, who, when he had heard all the noise and excitement concerning Solomon's coronation over in Gihon, realized that he had erred, because Solomon is the rightful king, grabbed ahold of the make-shift altar horns and refused to let go, until Solomon made a solemn oath to not slay him. Well, now we see Joab has done the same thing, except, Joab ran to the true temple and altar.
I Kings 2:29 And it was told king Solomon that Joab was fled unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, he is by the altar. Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, “Go, fall upon him.” -> Remember, Solomon, upon hearing who all was involved in this treasonous plot, had made Benaiah the Commanding General of the Israelite Army, his first task was to kill Adonijah, and now, his second is to kill Joab, the man he--Benaiah-- replaced.
Besides his part in the conspiracy, there are two, other reasons for the killing of Joab. Remember, David had told Solomon to not let his hoar head go to the grave in peace, because, he had killed both Abner and Amasa, and, was unrepentant concerning his killing them. Though David also was guilty of adultery and murder, he was a repentant man, and, therefore, he could justifiably command his son to carry-out the sentence of Capital Punishment on Joab.
I Kings 2:30 And Benaiah came to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said unto him, “Thus saith the king, ‘Come forth.’” And he said, “Nay; but I will die here.” And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, “Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.” -> After being dispatched by Solomon to go, find and kill Joab, Benaiah indeed finds him; however, Joab is in the tabernacle of YHVH with his hands firmly upon the horns of the altar, this alone--Joab's being in the Holiest of Holies--makes him worthy of death. Thinking it probably wouldn't be a good idea to enter into the Holiest of Holies and kill him there, and, unsure if he should use force to pull him outside the tabernacle, Benaiah first sends word to Solomon, asking what he should do, since Joab has said that he will not let go, but, that, Benaiah should kill him right there at the altar.
I Kings 2:31 And the king said unto him, “Do as he hath said, and fall upon him, and bury him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood, which Joab shed, from me, and from the house of my father. -> Though Solomon did not first consult with his High Priest or prophet, he orders Benaiah to do as Joab says, and, slay him there at the altar of Father YHVH. Carrying out Capital Punishment is correct judgment, as, Father commands it. Therefore, I'm sure that He did not hold Benaiah or Solomon accountable for carrying-out His judgment there at His altar.
Besides, Solomon also had the right for carrying-out Capital Punishment against Joab, because, as he states in this verse, "that thou mayest take away innocent blood...from me, and the house of my father."
I Kings 2:32 And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, my father David not knowing thereof, to wit, Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. -> Solomon is correct, in, that, David did not have prior knowledge of Joab slaying Abner and Amasa, and, therefore, once the capital punishment judgment is carried out, the blood of the innocent person who was killed is lifted off the people of the community. It is the duty of the state to carry out the punishment, once the double witnesses have testified, and it is known to be a fact. When Benaiah thrust the sword into Joab and took Joab's life, the guilt of the murders of Abner and Amasa were shifted from David and Israel to the head of Joab.
Something else to note is, that, Benaiah being the executor of the capital punishment, did not commit murder, for he was acting in the official capacity for the state, on the orders of king Solomon, the Government and Judge. Sadly, far too many people today feel this feeling, and it is why they don't want to effect capital punishment, they don't want blood on their hands, . It is not on them as, Father, declares that, that is their punishment for committing the crime they committed. He wants the murderer up there in heaven with Him. Also, time is not a factor in bringing justice in the case of a murderer. Many years had passed from the time of Abner's and Amasa's death until justice was served.
I Kings 2:33 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD.” -> The blood of the innocent falls back upon the head of the murderer and all those who allow the murderer to get away with his--no gender involved--crime. It is completely lifted from off those who carried out the proper judgment.
I Kings 2:34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up, and fell upon him, and slew him: and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness. -> Benaiah carried out Solomon's, and, more importantly Father's Law concerning the murderer. Since we’re reading of this so in-depth, let’s now go back and read Father’s Law concerning this, it is written for the first time in the Book of Exodus, but, then also in Leviticus, we’ll go and read it in Exodus 21: Exodus 21:12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death. -> Smiteth=Pay attention to the verbiage, as, it is key for our understanding. Here, Father says Smiteth, in the Strong’s Concordance, this is Hebrew word number H5221 - נכה, - nâkâh, pronounced - naw-kaw', and means: A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively): - beat, cast forth, clap, give [wounds], X go forward, X indeed, kill, make [slaughter], murderer, punish, slaughter, slay (-er, -ing), smite (-r, -ing), strike, be stricken, (give) stripes, X surely, wound., as we see, it does have several meanings; however, here in these verses, it means: murder, or murderer. [21:13] And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whether he shall flee. -> Lie in wait=Again, the verbiage is key, as, it means, one who premeditates to commit criminal homicide. In other words, they hide and wait for their unsuspecting victim. This is not a crime of passion, or an act of revenge, or the carrying out of punishment. Is it an ugly uncaring act, and for it, Father demands we put the murderer to death. However, as He also says in this verse, if the killing was by accident, or, not intentional; then, He has given in His Laws for we humans, a place that the person who caused the accidental death to come about, to flee to, so, that, a relative of the deceased, does, not try and effect a revenge killing. This is to protect both, the person who was innocent of the deceased blood, and the revenger of blood. God=ELOHIM. [21:14] But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die. -> The key point as to whether the man dies or not from the death of another is whether it was premeditated or not. Joab knew full well that he planned of the death of both Abner and Amasa, and, their deaths were cold and calculated. So, here he is hanging on to the altar begging for mercy from YHVH; but, Father has already passed judgment upon him. Brethren, it doesn't matter whether you confess, and plead for mercy at any altar, the judgment for the sin of death, is death; Capital punishment. Guile…thou=Between these two words in this verse, we can supply: “and then seek refuge at Mine altar.”
This law was not done away with when Jesus came in the flesh and died on the cross. He made it very clear in Matthew 5 that the law for murder still stands; therefore, it does no good for a murderer to go to the altar to save his flesh body, because God is going to do the judging of that murderer before His throne: Matthew 5:21 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:' -> Kill=As used by our Lord Jesus here in this verse, in the Strong’s Concordance is Greek word number G5407 - φονεύω, - phoneuō, pronounced - fon-yoo'-o, and means: From G5406; to be a murderer (of): - kill, do murder, slay., now let’s take it back to it’s prime: G5406 - φονεύς, - phoneus, pronounced - fon-yooce', and means: From G5408; a murderer (always of criminal [or at least intentional] homicide; which G443 does not necessarily imply; while G4607 is a special term for a public bandit): - murderer.. Jesus told us that He came to fulfill the law, not change one part of it. It is God's law to put away murderers, and take their life from off the face of the earth. The death sentence is for the purpose of cleansing the land so that others will see the murderer die, and those actions will cease from happening in the communities. However, there must be two witness to the act. There was no forgiveness at the altar of God for Joab, for his soul must be sent to the Father, and there Joab will be judged before the face God and the victim. The two souls of the men that Joab murdered are there with the Father waiting for Joab to come and be tried at the throne of God in heaven. Before God there are no unsolved mysteries. Solomon was faithful in the instruction that the Word of God, and his father David instructed him to do.
2:35 Substitution. Benaiah and Zadok.
I Kings 2:35 And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar. -> Both Benaiah and Zadok were faithful in carrying out the orders of David, and, now Solomon too; therefore, Solomon put both these men in their respective rightful positions, of, Commanding General of the Israelite Army and High Priest of Israel.
2:36-46 Execution. Shimei.
I Kings 2:36 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, “Build thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and go not forth thence any whither. -> Shimei=It was Shimei, if you'll recall, who, after David and his entourage had crossed over the Mount of Olives while fleeing Jerusalem when his son Absalom was trying to usurp the throne from him, that had cursed and thrown stones at David. Shimei was a Benjamite, of the same tribe as the first man king of Israel: Saul. Saul had ensured that the Benjamites received perks and special favors, and when Father had anointed David, who was from the tribe of Judah, as the next king of Israel, this displeased the Benjamites, as, they lost the perks that Saul was ensuring they received. Therefore, this Shimei was cursing and throwing stones at David, that is, until he came back still in power, then, Shimei was asking for David's forgiveness.
In David's final instructions to Solomon earlier in this chapter, we read of David telling his son to finish his unfinished business. Well, this Shimei is one of those items of unfinished business, and, Solomon that about to take care of.
I Kings 2:37 For it shall be, that on the day thou goest out, and passest over the brook Kidron, thou shalt know for certain that thou shalt surely die: thy blood shall be upon thine own head.” -> What Solomon is doing is setting Shimei in a trap, he tells him that, he is to build a house in Jerusalem, and so long as when he goes outside of Jerusalem, if he stays closer than the Brook Kidron, nothing will happen to Shimei. However, should Shimei find it in his heart that he wants to leave Jerusalem and go further than the Brook Kidron, for any reason at all, no matter what the length of time: be it an hour, a day, a month, or a year, then, Solomon will have Shimei put to death. In doing so, Shimei's blood will be upon his own head, as, Solomon told him, that so long as he stayed put, he won't touch him, so, if it is anyone who breaks the agreement, it is Shimei.
Brook Kidron=The Brook Kidron is just out the east-gate of the wall of Jerusalem, and due east, you arrive at it just before you get to the Mount of Olives. Of course it was on the Mount of Olives—or Mount Moriah—where Abraham took Isaac to offer him up as a sacrifice, where Jesus gave that great Sermon on the Mount, where He Himself was crucified, and also where He will return for His Second Advent.
On the day=Did you catch the similarity to Genesis 2:17 in this verse and Solomon's declaration? Solomon's proclamation to Shimei that on, or, in the day, he does something, then, that is the day he dies, just as Father told Adam, that, in the day he partakes of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, is the day "thou shalt surely die."
I Kings 2:38 And Shimei said unto the king, “The saying is good: as my lord the king hath said, so will thy servant do.” And Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days. -> Shimei agrees to the terms Solomon lays out for him.
Shimei dwelt in Jerusalem many days=Many day in this instance equates to approximately 3 years as we'll read in the next verse.
I Kings 2:39 And it came to pass at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away unto Achish son of Maachah (oppression) king of Gath (winepress). And they told Shimei, saying, “Behold, thy servants be in Gath.” -> Several things to note concerning this verse: (1) it has now been three years since Solomon told Shimei that he had to stay in Jerusalem, and to this point, obviously Shimei has had no need to leave the city; (2) Shimei must have done pretty well for himself living there in Jerusalem, for, as we see, he has servants; (3) the reason for Shimei's servants fleeing him is not given; however, something must have happened, because, sure enough, they fled, causing him to go after them, which is about to cost him his life for breaking the oath between he and Solomon.
Gath=Gath was approximately 64 miles from Jerusalem, and, since they only traveled by horseback or mule, this was more than a day's ride to get between the two cities.
Achish=The Philistine king of Gath, who in the title of Psalms 34 is called Abimelech. David twice found a refuge with him when he fled from Saul. As we' read when we come to verse v21:13, during this visit to Achish, David is alarmed for his safety, will feign madness, and will be sent away, out of the king's presence..
Maachah=The father of Achish who was king of Gath at the beginning of Solomon's reign I Kings 2:39..
Gath=One of the five royal cities of the Philistines Joshua 13:3; I Samuel 6:17; and the native home of the giant Goliath I Samuel 17:4,23. Gath probably stood upon the conspicuous hill now called Tell-es-Safieh, upon the side of the plain of Philistia, at the foot of the mountains of Judah; about 10 miles east of Ashdod, and about the same distance south by east of Ekron. It was irregular in form, and about 200 feet high. Gath occupied a strong position II Chronicles 11:8, on the border of Judah and Philistia I Samuel 21:10 and I Chronicles 18:1, and from its strength and resources forming the key of both countries, it was the scene of frequent struggles, and was often captured and recaptured II Kings 12:17; II Chronicles 11:8; 26:6; and Amos 6:2. The ravages of war to which Gath was exposed appear to have destroyed it at a comparatively early period, as it is not mentioned among the other royal cities by the later prophets Zephaniah 2:4; and Zechariah 9:5-6. It is familiar to the Bible student as the scene of one of the most romantic incidents in the life of King David I Samuel 21:10-15..
I Kings 2:40 And Shimei arose, and saddled his ass, and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants: and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath. -> Shimei was so focused on his going to Gath to retrieve his servants and bringing them back to Jerusalem that, he forgot all about his promise he made to Solomon.
I Kings 2:41 And it was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and was come again. -> And was come again=Shimei though all was well, he had made the hundred and thirty mile trip riding on his ass, and after he had returned, the entire neighborhood knew that he had gone. How or why? Because, his runaway servants were now back in his house. It didn't take long for Solomon to hear that Shimei had violated his promise that he had made to Solomon, though he doesn't realize it yet, this is going to cost Shimei his life.
I Kings 2:42 And the king sent and called for Shimei, and said unto him, “Did I not make thee to swear by the LORD, and protested unto thee, saying, ‘Know for a certain, on the day thou goest out, and walkest abroad any whither, that thou shalt surely die?’ and thou saidst unto me, ‘The word that I have heard is good.’ -> After being told that Shimei failed to keep his promise to not go out past the Brook Kidron, Solomon calls for Shimei to come before him in order to answer for this. While standing there before king Solomon, the king asks him if he recalls his promise, while at the same time, he reminds him what the law that was placed on him was. Solomon reminded Shimei that he agreed to abide by that law. Once Solomon had spoken, he did not give Shimei the chance to present his case, to argue the facts, or to make excuses.
I Kings 2:43 Why then hast thou not kept the oath of the LORD, and the commandment that I have charged thee with?” -> This was the law I made, and, the solemn oath you agreed to, why then, did you not keep your oath? An oath which was a covenant made even in the ears of Father YHVH. Notice, it is Solomon doing all the speaking; still not giving Shimei any opportunity to reply.
I Kings 2:44 The king said moreover to Shimei, “Thou knowest all the wickedness which thine heart is privy to, that thou didst to David my father: therefore the LORD shall return thy wickedness upon thine own head; -> Solomon continues, and now adds in the reason for the original judgment on top of his oath to not go out past the Brook Kidron. Shimei may have though Solomon didn't know of his transgressions against his father King David; but, it has just been revealed to him that indeed Solomon does know. Solomon, though, knowing and showing Shimei that he knows, does not sentence him for the original act, only, for Shimei's failure to live up to his oath. He knew the oath, and, he knew the consequences should he break that oath. It has now been broken, therefore, he brought about his own sentence and judgment, it's on his own head, not Solomon's.
I Kings 2:45 And king Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the LORD for ever.” -> Remember David's charge to Solomon back at the beginning of this Chapter, "Be thou strong and shew thyself a man?" Solomon has just fulfilled a part of this. He has shown that he has matured and he has the fortitude to carry out righteous judgment in Israel. Therefore, Solomon will be Blessed by the people for doing right by the Nation, and, Father YHVH will also Bless him and establish his kingdom before Him.
2:46 Establishment of kingdom.
I Kings 2:46 So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; which went out, and fell upon him, that he died. And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon. -> Judgment has been passed, the accused knows what that judgment is, and now it's time to carry out the sentence, so Solomon dispatches his newly appointed Commanding General Benaiah to perform the execution. Remember the Cherethites and Pelethites, and that I said they were the Royal Executioners, only their function was not to carryout executions; but, be the king's Royal Guards, Messengers and Couriers.
So, the judgment of all of those individuals who had sinned against king David and his own throne, have now returned Home to Father. Solomon has proved himself, and his throne when he carried out those commandments that were mentioned in verse v2:3 above. Those were the Statutes, or ceremonial laws have to do with the priests and those things of the tabernacle. The commandments were those things that were the moral laws of God. The Judgments are the civil laws of the community, where neighbors have to get along with each other. Also the testimonies, which were the laws dealing with special services before God Himself, in carrying out God's plan. Solomon fulfilled each of these when he was passing judgment on those that were in violation of both David's throne, as well as his own. Solomon did a good job in passing judgment.