|* I AND II KINGS
THE STRUCTURE OF THE TWO BOOKS*
AS A WHOLE.
I Kings 1:1-12:15 THE KINGDOM. United.
I Kings 12:16-II Kings 25:30 THE KINGDOM. Divided.
(covering a period of 444 years: viz. 921-477 B.C.).
I Kings 1:1-12:15 THE KINGDOM. United.
I Kings 1:1-2:11 DAVID.
I Kings 2:12-11:43 SOLOMON.
I Kings 12:1-15 REHOBOAM.
I Kings 12:16-II Kings 25:30 THE KINGDON. Divided.
(Introversion and Repeated Alternation.)
I Kings 12:16-19 THE DIVISION OF THE KINGDOM.
I Kings 12:20-14:20 ISRAEL (Jeroboam I).
I Kings 14:21-15:24 JUDAH (Rehoboam, 14:21-31; Abijam, 15:1-8; Asa, 15:9-24).
I Kings 15:25-22:40 ISRAEL (Nadab, 15:25-31; Baasha, 15:32-16:7; Elah, 16:8-14; Zimri, 16:15-20; (Interregnum 16:21,22); Omri, 16:23-28; Ahab, 16:29-22:40).
I Kings 22:41-50 JUDAH (Jehoshaphat).
I Kings 22:51-II Kings 8:15 ISRAEL (Ahaziah, I Kings 22:51-II Kings 1:18; (Elijab’s Translation II Kings 2:1-25); Joram, 3:1-8:15).
II Kings 8:16-9:29 JUDAH (Jehoram, 8:16-24; Ahaziah, 8:25-9:29).
II Kings 9:30-12:21 Disruption of Israel and Judah.
II Kings 9:30-10:36 (Jehu).
II Kings 11:1-12:21 JUDAH (Athaliah, 11:1-16; Joash, 11:17-12:21).
II Kings 13:1-25 ISRAEL (Jehoahaz, 13:1-9; Jehoash, 13:10-25).
II Kings 14:1-22 JUDAH (Amaziah, 14:1-20; Uzziah, 14:21,22).
II Kings 14:23-29 ISRAEL (Jeroboam II).
II Kings 15:1-7 JUDAH (Uzziah).
II Kings 15:8-31 ISRAEL (Zachariah, 15:8-12; Shallum, 15:13-16; Menahem, 15:17-22; Pekahiah, 15:23-26; Pekah, 15:27-31).
II Kings 15:32-16:20 JUDAH (Jotham, 15:32-38; Ahaz, 16:1-20).
II Kings 17:1-24:20 Dispersion of Israel and Captivity of Judah.**
II Kings 17:1-41 ISRAEL (Hoshea).
II Kings 18:1-24:20 JUDAH (Hezekiah, 18:1-20:21; Manasseh, 21:1-18; Amon, 21:19-26; Josiah, 22:1-23:30; Jehoahaz, 23:31-35; Jehoiakim, 23:36-24:7; Jehoiachin, 24:8-16; Zedakiah, 24:17-20).
II Kings 25:1-30 THE ENDING OF THE KINGDOM.
*For the cause of the division of the Book of Kings into two books, and for their relation to the two Books of Samuel see Dr. Bullinger’s notes on page 366 of his Companion Bible.
**Note the division of the eight pairs into two groups, by the events which characterize the last pair of each group.
THE FIRST BOOK OF THE
THE THIRD BOOK OF THE
Title: First ... Third Book of the Kings=Again, see the notes on page 366 of Dr. Bullinger’s Companion Bible. But, suffice it to say, that, the wrong division into two Books, cuts up the histories of Ahaziah and Elijah. Also, since this is “the Third Book of the kings” it goes without saying then, that, these two Books should have been merged with the Books of Samuel: both are recorded history from a “man’s perspective;” whereas, the Chronicles are recorded history from “Father’s perspective,” and if you really want to get down to the facts of things, it is all from Father’s perspective; as, it is “His Story.”
The former Books: Samuel and Kings are “as man ruled the kingdoms and history; whereas, Chronicles is, “as Father overruled it.” Compare the two: Saul’s death as recorded in I Samuel 31:6, to I Chronicles 10:13-14; in Kings, three verses are given to Hezekiah’s reformation; but, in Chronicles three Chapters are devoted to it.
As we made our way through The Book of Judges and then Samuel, we learned while we were Studying in The Books of Samuel, that, it was Father’s desire to be the King over Israel—this should be of no surprise to anyone, as, it was He who created us in the First Earth Age, and He ruled over us then—only Israel rejected Father in order for them to be like the nations all around them and have a man to rule over them. Israel wanted someone whom they could see, talk to, and was human just like they were. Had not their—and our—forefathers rejected Father when they were at the base of Mount Sinai, He would have still manifested Himself so that they could have seen Him. But, all the heathen nations around them had their man kings, and those nations had someone to give their devotion to. Prior to the time of Israel’s first man king: king Saul, Father had ruled Israel through the Levitical priesthood, and the priesthood had the responsibilities of both the religious duties of the sacrifices and teaching; as well as that of being judge, and thereby governing the people. These are what we would call, "Church" and "State" today.
In her history of from when our forefathers first came up out of the land of Egypt and finished wandering the wilderness for those 38 years, to the time of Eli, the last Judge of the Nation; Israel had had twelve Judges and one usurper--thirteen denotes rebellion, apostasy, defection, dis-integration, revolution, &c. The first occurrence fixes this (Genesis 14:4); and the second confirms it (Genesis 17:25). It, and its multiples, are seen in all numbers, and in the Gematria (see above) of all names and passages that are associated with rebellion, &c.--who had governed over them. When Eli had become very old, his two sons Hophni and Phinehas had become old enough to serve in the priesthood; however, these two sons of Eli, were sons of belial, they were not like their father Eli, no, they were worthless scoundrels who knew not Father YHVH. Even more sadly, Eli had allowed them to be wicked before Father YHVH. Personally, I cannot understand how the high priest of YHVH and Judge of Israel at this time, could have allowed this to take place. How wicked were these two knuckleheads? I Samuel 2:13 And the priests' custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand; [2:14] And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither. -> The priest took for himself=Were the priests supposed to take anything? No, Father’s Law authorized the priests to receive a portion for themselves. But here, these sons of Eli - these sons of belial, were ripping the people off and making Father and His laws an abomination to the people. They were taking—by force—in other words, they were stealing from the people, and sadly, it gets worse. [2:15] Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, "Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw." -> Fat=The fat was not to be consumed by man, because, it contains all the poisons; therefore, it was to be burnt and offered to Father. But, here in this verse, we are again seeing the breaking of Father's Law by Eli’s sons. [2:16] And if any man said unto him, "Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth;" then he would answer him, "Nay; but thou shalt give it me now: and if not, I will take it by force." -> These two sons of Eli's are talking and plotting together, to rip the people off. They are establishing right now, the methods or traditions that they will force upon the Israelites when they come to offer their offerings to Father. When the sacrifice is in the pot boiling, then the Sacrifice Offering will be taken before it can be offered, and the amount taken will be determined by the priests and later the nethinims, not freely offered up by the people, in other words, it was not in accordance with Father's Law. This is not going to go well with the congregation, for the sacrifice is something that is to be given of their own free will; however, as we see here, it becomes burdensome and a tax on the people – it becomes an abomination to them (Korban). [2:17] Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD. -> These two sons of Eli made the sacrifice so abominable to the people; that the people absolutely despised to come to Shiloh, to the House of God, to offer up their prayers and offerings to Father, it became contemptible to them. Because of this, the people cried out for a king, and Father relented and granted them their wish. When Eli died, Samuel became the Priest and assumed the duties of transferring the duties of State from the Priesthood to a Monarchy, and Samuel also was appointed by Father to anoint Saul as Father's choice to be the first man king of His people.
I Samuel dealt with the establishing of the separation of Church and State, and the reign of Saul's monarchy. It ended with the death of Saul and his sons in battle against the Philistines. Saul was a good king for a while; however, an evil spirit came upon him and he then turned. After it and he did so, he stopped seeking Father and therefore became a bad king the remaining time he ruled, and thus Father had Samuel anoint another man—David—to be the next, or second, man king of Israel. Father also had Samuel tell Saul that, because of his actions, his son's would not assume the throne at his death. Thus, at the start of II Samuel we see David assuming his anointed role as king over all the House of Israel.
David is called "a man after God's own heart, and though he made a few mistakes, David always tried to please Father in all that he did. The Book of Samuel was written about the family of David, and it did not withhold any of the gruesome details of David's family troubles. In David's life, he had caused many men to be killed by his sword, and that killing started with the giant Goliath, and continued on the battlefield with thousands being killed. Thus, Father did not allow David to build His temple. The The Books of Samuel ended with David being a very old man, and, that is where this "The First Book of Kings" begins.
The important thing that we must remember, is, that, Father made a promise to David, that another King would come through his lineage, and that King is, The King of kings, Jesus Christ. The time frame of the two The Books of Kings covers a time period of approximately 518 years, starting in the year 921 B.C.. There were a total of 42 men kings and 1 usurper queen over the two Houses; after Saul, Ish-bosheth and David, the House of Israel had 20 kings and covered a time span of 310 years—921-611—when they went into captivity to the Assyrians, the House of Judah after David, had a total of 19 kings and 1 usurper queen—Athaliah—and covered a time span of 406 years when they went into captivity to the Babylonians, where the Book of Kings ends.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: "Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You O LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your understanding of Your Word, we seek Your knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen".
The Structure of I and II Kings as related to I and II Samuel:
II Samuel 2:1-4:12 The Divided Kingdom.
II Samuel 5:1-24:25 The United Kingdom.
I Kings 1:1-12:15 The United Kingdom.
I Kings 12:16-II Kings 25:30 The Divided Kingdom.
1:1-2:11 DAVID. (Repeated Alternations with Introversions.)
1:1 David. Length of years.
I Kings 1:1 Now king David was old and stricken in years; and they covered him with clothes, but he gat no heat. -> David was old=David is old, he's approximately 69-70 years old, this is verified by II Samuel 5:4-5 where it states that David was 30 when he began to reign, and he reigned for 40 years. He is now coming to the end of his reign as the second man king of Israel. He is at this stage in his years, bedridden, and no matter what he or his caretakers do, he cannot get warn. They put warmer bedclothes on him; however, even this isn't warming him any.
Remember, David had lived a very rough life, I don't mean this in a negative sense, only positive; but, remember, he was a warrior and had fought many battles, and all that has finally caught up with his many years. His is, as I said, bedridden, and can no longer function as the king of Israel taking care of day-to-day business. So, he most likely has many staff and caretakers looking after the kingdom for him, and will shortly turn the reigns over to one of his sons. We know this to be Solomon; however, we're about to discover that one of his other sons, Adonijah, is first going to try, like one of his other brothers has already tried, to usurp the throne.
1:2-4 Advice of servants to David.
I Kings 1:2 Wherefore his servants said unto him, “Let there be sought for my lord the king a young virgin: and let her stand before the king, and let her cherish him, and let her lie in thy bosom, that my lord the king may get heat.” -> His caretakers are concerned for him, and brainstorm ways in which they might warm him up, when one of them, most likely one of his medical staff, suggests they seek a young lady to lay with him, in order to use her body heat in assisting to bring warmth to the king. As we'll see when we come to verse v1:5 below, this will be a non-sexual laying with, strictly for trying to keep David warm.
I Kings 1:3 So they sought for a fair damsel throughout all the coasts of Israel, and found Abishag (father of error (that is, blundering)) a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. -> So, after agreeing that having a warm body beside him just might do the trick, they set out to find just the right young lady to lay with him. They search high and low, and finally find a young woman in the Tribe of Issachar. Now, this young woman is a very pretty lady, for David, her beauty means nothing, as, as I stated, this is a non-sexual laying with, convenience of body heat for warmth only; however, for David's son who is about to make a run on the throne, she and her beauty is going to cost him his life.
Throughout the Books of Samuel I have stated that David was a "type" for our Lord Jesus Christ, and in this we also can see a "type," as; here we have a young virgin being brought before the king, much as it will be at the end of this Age, when the King-of-kings comes to collect His bride.
Abishag=“A young woman of Shunem, in the tribe of Issachar, distinguished for her beauty. She was chosen and taken into David’s harem in order to minister to David in his extreme old age I Kings 1:4. She became his wife I Kings 1:3-4,15. After David's death Adonijah persuaded Bathsheba, Solomon's mother, to entreat the king to permit him to marry Abishag. Solomon suspected in this request an aspiration to the throne, and therefore caused him to be put to death I Kings 2:17-25.”.
Shunammite=“I.e. a native of Shunem, this is applied to two persons: Abishag, the nurse of King David I Kings 1:3,15; 2:17,21-22, and the nameless hostess of Elisha II Kings 4:12,25.”.
I Kings 1:4 And the damsel was very fair, and cherished the king, and ministered to him: but the king knew her not. -> Abishag served David well; meaning, she not only provided the much-needed body heat to warm him, but, she also probably assisted with feeding and caring for David as well.
1:5-10 Solomon. Wrongful succession.
1:5-10 SOLOMON. WRONGFUL SUCCESSORS. (Alternation.)
1:5-7 His adherents. Invited.
We change directions beginning in the next verse, and turn our attention to David's son Adonijah, who knows that his father is dying; therefore, he is figuring that he, being the eldest, is next in-line to be king. There are several problems with this line of thinking; one David has already chosen his successor, Solomon, and Adonijah has not sought Father to ask Him if he should be the next king of Israel.
I Kings 1:5 Then Adonijah (my Lord is YHVH; or lord (that is, worshipper) of YAH) the son of Haggith (festive, a dancer) exalted himself, saying, “I will be king: and he prepared him chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him. -> Adonijah knows that, those who were in-line to the throne before him: his brothers Amnon, Chileab and Absalom, are all dead; therefore, has said in his heart, "yeah baby, I'm gonna be the man." However, he hasn't sought Father, he hasn't consulted with his father, nor has he consulted really, with, anybody else, concerning whether he should proceed, with his own plans to be the next king of Israel. Adonijah next takes a clue from his older brother Absalom from II Samuel 15:1, and starts putting his thoughts into action, and, he goes out and tells his servants to get his horses and chariots ready, gather 50 men to run before his horse driven chariots yelling, "make way for the king." He is going to learn rather quickly, that his thought process was an ill-conceived one. When thinking of his brother, he should have remembered that it didn't end well for Absalom, as, it's not going to end well with Adonijah either.
Absalom's rebellion was so fierce, that David, rather than put Israel through a Civil War right there in Jerusalem, he took his family and fled the Capital city of Israel. He placed all his trust in Father and knew that if it was Father's will, he'd continue being king of Israel, likewise also, he knew that if it was Father's will that he no longer be the king, he was stepping aside for the new king, either way, he was allowing Father's Will to be done. Brethren, this is exactly how we should conduct our lives, seek Father and allow His Will to be done in your life. In this instance, like most, His will was done, Civil war in Israel brought the death of Absalom and the end of his rebellion, and David remained king of Israel.
Adonijah=“The fourth son of David by Haggith, born at Hebron while his father was king of Judah II Samuel 3:4. After the death of his three elder brothers, Amnon, Chileab and Absalom, he became eldest son and heir-apparent to the throne; but, Solomon, his younger brother, was preferred to him. When his David his father was dying and his strength was visibly declining, he forward his pretensions to the crown and proclaimed himself king. Adonijah's cause was espoused by Abiathar and by Joab the famous commander of David's army [JOAB]. His name and influence secured a large number of followers among the captains of the royal army belonging to the tribe of Judah, compare I Kings 1:5 and these, together with all the princes except Solomon, were entertained by Adonijah at the great sacrificial feast held "by the stone Zoheleth, which is by En-rogel." [EN-ROGEL] Apprised of these proceedings, David immediately caused Solomon to be proclaimed king I Kings 1:33-34, at Gihon [GIHON]. This decisive measure struck terror into the opposite party, and Adonijah fled to the sanctuary, but was pardoned by Solomon on condition that he should "show himself a worthy man" I Kings 1:52. The death of David quickly followed on these events; and Adonijah begged Bath-sheba to procure Solomon's consent to his marriage with Abishag, who had been the wife of David in his old age I Kings 1:3. This was regarded as equivalent to a fresh attempt on the throne [ABSALOMABNER]; and therefore Solomon ordered him to be put to death by Benaiah I Kings 2:25.”.
Haggith=“One of David's wives, and the mother of Adonijah II Samuel 3:4; I Kings 1:6,11; 2:13; I Chronicles 3:2, who, like her son Absalom, was famed for beauty.”.
I Kings 1:6 And his father had not displeased him at any time in saying, “Why hast thou done so?” and he also was a very goodly man; and his mother bare him after Absalom. -> Adonijah had his team of horses and chariots take him everywhere he went, and, anybody in the kingdom not familiar with David's plans and seeing this, knows that he is the king's eldest son, so they think it is nothing out of the ordinary, except that, maybe this guy's ego is a little over inflated.
His father has not displeased him=This loses some of what is actually being said in the translation, what this means is, that, David had not chastised Adonijah for his trying to usurp the throne from Father's and David's selection of Solomon to be the next king of Israel. The most likely reason for this, is because, at this point, most likely nobody has told David of what Adonijah has been up to. They know David's health is failing, so, they're trying to not up-set him. However, this is about to get out of hand, and his caretakers are going to have no choice but to tell him. However also, as we made our through the Book of Samuel, we found that David never had a problem correcting someone who erred which came from outside of Israel, no, he just always had a problem correcting things within his own household - he never wanted to be known as the "bad guy" toward his kids, and it usually bit him in the keister.
His mother bare him after Absalom=Don't let this confuse you brethren, Haggith didn't bare Absalom, Maacah was Absalom's mother. This is just saying that Haggith bare David's son Adonijah, after Absalom had already been birthed by Maacah.
I Kings 1:7 And he conferred with Joab (YHVH-fathered) the son of Zeruiah (wounded), and with Abiathar (father of abundance, i.e. liberal) the priest: and they following Adonijah helped him. -> Joab is David's nephew, and, for the most part, the Commanding General of David's, i.e. Israel's Army, the only time that this wasn't so, was, when David replaced him with Amasa in II Samuel 19. Now, we see, that Joab has sided with Adonijah in his rebellion, not a smart move on Joab's part, and, I'm not sure why he is doing this without first consulting with David.
Also, if you noticed, Adonijah went to Abiathar, one of the two High Priests in Israel at this time. The reason for there being two High Priests, is a carry-over from when Saul had the evil spirit upon him and he was trying kill David, whom, Father had anointed to be the second man king of Israel, Saul's successor, instead of Saul's son Jonathan. Jonathan accepted this, but, his father had not, also, Jonathan and David were very close friends. Anyway, at the time, Ahimelech was the High Priest of Israel, and David, while he and his men were on the run from Saul, went to the Priest's city of Nob, to Ahimelech, who gave David the leftover shew bread, and returned to David, the sword that David had taken from Goliath when he slew him. While David was speaking with Ahimelech, there was another man—Doeg the Edomite—at Ahimelech's, who saw David, and overheard what Ahimelech told David and also saw what he given to David. This Doeg then went back to Saul and reported what he had seen and heard, Saul then commanded his men to fall upon Ahimelech and all the other priests of Nob. His men—knowing Father would not be pleased with this—refused Saul's order; so, Saul turned to the Edomite, Doeg, who had no problem carrying out Saul's command. Doeg that day slew eighty five Priests of Israel, along with their wives and children as well as all their livestock. Only one Priest of the city of Nob escaped that day, and that was this Abiathar, who then joined onto David and his little rag-tag Army. This left the House of Israel without a High Priest, though, there were other Priests still in Israel; one of those was Zadok the son of Ahitub. Saul then elevated him to the position of High Priest of Israel, while David made Abiathar High Priest of the House of Judah. With all that being the case, it's very surprising then, to see the switch here with Abiathar and Joab joining onto Adonijah without first consulting David or Father.
What we're seeing here brethren, is another "type," just like we saw with Absalom's rebellion. We have a future Rightful King getting ready to sit upon His Throne, and there is someone who is going to first try and usurp His Kingship. This is exactly what satan is going to do at the end of this Age, he is going to be here on earth, claiming to be christ as can be read in II Thessalonians 2 and several other places. Sadly, many people are going to be deceived and believe he is the christ, sadder still, many Christians are going to believe he is christ because they haven't been taught by their church houses that the pretend-to-be comes before the True.
He conferred with Joab=This instance of Joab assisting Adonijah in his rebellion against Father, David, and Solomon, is the very reason David didn't mention Joab, when he penned his Song, or Psalm of David of II Samuel 23.
Joab=“The most remarkable of the three nephews of David, the children of Zeruiah, David's sister. Joab first appears after David's accession to the throne at Hebron. Abner slew in battle Asahel, the youngest brother of Joab; and when David afterward received Abner into favor, Joab treacherously murdered him. There was now no rival left in the way of Joab's advancement, and at the siege of Jebus he was appointed for his prowess commander-in-chief --"captain of the host." In the wide range of wars which David undertook, Joab was the acting general. He was called by the almost regal title of "lord," in II Samuel 11:11 and "the prince of the king's army" in I Chronicles 27:34. In the entangled relations which grew up in David's domestic life he bore an important part, successfully reinstating Absalom in David's favor after the murder of Amnon (II Samuel 14:1-20). When the relations between father and son were reversed by the revolt of Absalom, Joab remained true to the king, taking the rebel prince's dangerous life in spite of David's injunction to spare him, and when no one else had courage to act so decisive a part II Samuel 18:2 and 11-15. The king transferred the command to Amasa, which so enraged Joab that he adroitly assassinated Amasa when pretending to welcome him as a friend in II Samuel 20:10. Friendly relations between himself and David seem to have existed afterward (II Samuel 24:2), but at the close of his long life, his loyalty, so long unshaken, at last wavered. "Though he had not turned after Absalom, he turned after Adonijah" (I Kings 2:28). This probably filled up the measure of the king's long-cherished resentment. The revival of the pretensions of Adonijah after David's death was sufficient to awaken the suspicions of Solomon. Joab fled to the shelter of the altar at Gibeon, and was here slain by Benaiah.”.
Zeruiah=“The mother of the three leading heroes of David's army--Abishai, Joab and Asahel-- known as the "sons of Zeruiah." Of Zeruiah's husband there is no mention in the Father's Word.”.
Abiathar=“Abiathar will become the High priest; he is fourth in descent from Eli and approximately twelfth from Aaron, from Aaron’s son Eleazar. Abiathar was the only one of the all the sons of Ahimelech the High Priest of Nob (Zadok is still the High Priest of Gibeah) who escaped the slaughter inflicted upon his father's house by Saul. Abiathar having become high priest, was thus enabled to inquire of the Lord for him in I Samuel 23:9; 30:7; II Samuel 2:1; and 5:19) etc. He adheres to David in his wanderings while being pursued by Saul; he will be with him while he reigns in Hebron, and afterwards in Jerusalem II Samuel 2:1-3. He will continue to be faithful to David during his son Absalom's rebellion II Samuel 15:24,29,35-36; 17:15-17; and 19:11. When, however, Adonijah sets himself up for David's successor on the throne, in opposition to Solomon, Abiathar sides with him, while Zadok was on Solomon's side. For this, Abiathar will be deprived of the high priesthood. Zadok joins David at Hebron I Chronicles 12:28, so that there will be henceforth two High Priests during the reign of David, and until the deposition of Abiathar by Solomon, when Zadok becomes the sole High Priest.”.
I Kings 1:8 But Zadok (just) the priest, and Benaiah (YAH has built; or, made by YAH) the son of Jehoiada (YHVH-known; or, YHVH-knows), and Nathan (given) the prophet, and Shimei (famous; or renowned), and Rei (social), and the mighty men which belonged to David, were not with Adonijah. -> Zadok=As we heard that, Zadok's name means the "just," we also read in Ezekiel 44 that Father's Elect are called "the Zadok:" Ezekiel 44:15 But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of My sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from Me, they shall come near to Me to minister unto Me, and they shall stand before Me to offer unto Me the fat and the blood, saith the LORD GOD: -> So, what we are seeing in these verses of I Kings, is, that, Zadok did not attend the coronation of the false king Adonijah, and, they will not attend the coronation of false king: satan, nor will they attend the wrong wedding.
Neither Zadok, Benaiah of Benaiah's father Jehoiada—all Priests—nor Nathan the prophet of YHVH, nor these two mighty men of David's Shimei and Rei, attended the wrong coronation; they all remained true to the true. How about you brethren, will you be lured away to the false?
Zadok=“Son of Ahitub, and one of the two chief priests in the time of David and Solomon, Abiathar being the other. Zadok was of the house of Eleazar the son of Aaron I Chronicles 24:3, and eleventh in descent from Aaron I Chronicles 12:28. He joined David at Hebron after Saul's death I Chronicles 12:28, and thenceforth his fidelity to David was inviolable. When Absalom revolted and David fled from Jerusalem, Zadok and all the Levites bearing the ark accompanied him. When Absalom was dead, Zadok and Abiathar were the persons who persuaded the elders of Judah to invite David to return II Samuel 19:11. When Adonijah, in David's old age, set up for king, and had persuaded Joab, and Abiathar the priest, to join his party, Zadok was unmoved, and was employed by David to anoint Solomon to be king in his room I Kings 1:34. For this fidelity he was rewarded by Solomon who "thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the Lord," and "put in Zadok the priest" in his room I Kings 2:27,35. From this time, however, we hear little of him. Zadok and Abiathar were of nearly equal dignity II Samuel 15:35-36; 19:11. The duties of the office were divided, Zadok ministered before the tabernacle at Gibeon I Chronicles 16:39, Abiathar had the care of the ark at Jerusalem.”.
Benaiah=“The son of Jehoiada the chief priest I Chronicles 27:5, of the tribe of Levi, though a native of Kabzeel II Samuel 23:20, set by David I Chronicles 11:25, over his body-guard II Samuel 8:18; 20:23; I Kings 1:38; and I Chronicles 18:17. One of the mighty men of II Samuel 23:22-23; I Chronicles 11:25 and 27:6. The exploits which gave him this rank are narrated in II Samuel 23:20-21; and I Chronicles 11:22. He was captain of the host for the third month I Chronicles 27:5. Benaiah remained faithful to Solomon during Adonijah's attempt on the crown I Kings 1:8,10,32,38 and 44, and was raised unto the place of Joab as commander-in-chief of the whole army in I Kings 2:35 and 4:4.”.
Jehoiada=“Father of Benaiah, David's well-known warrior II Samuel 8:18; I Kings 1:2.”.
Nathan=“Nathan was an eminent Hebrew prophet in the reigns of both David and his heir apparent - Solomon. Nathan first appears in the consultation with David about the building of the temple here in II Samuel 7:2-3 and 7:17. He next comes forward as the reprover of David for the sin with Bathsheba; and his famous apologue on the rich man and the ewe lamb, which is the only direct example of his prophetic power, shows it to have been of a very high order II Samuel 12:1-12.”.
Shimei=“One of the adherents of Solomon at the time of Adonjah's usurpation I Kings 1:8. Solomon's commissariat officer in Benjamin I Kings 4:18.”.
Rei=“A person mentioned in I Kings 1:8 only as having remained firm to David's cause when Adonijah rebelled.”.
1:9 his adherents. Invited.
I Kings 1:9 And Adonijah slew sheep and oxen and fat cattle by the stone of Zoheleth (crawling (that is, serpent)), which is by En-rogel (fountain of a traveller), and called all his brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Judah the king's servants: -> En-rogel=En-rogel is a valley south of Jerusalem. Do you see and understand yet brethren? What all do we have here? We have a "stone, or rock - think 'Tyre'," and a false king, who is being coronated at the serpent rock. All of this is being given us as Paul tells us in I Corinthians 10:11, for an ensample, for our admonition—our benefit—to gain knowledge and understand of. Father is showing us that one will come before the True, claiming to be the true, only, he is a fake, trying to usurp the throne from the True.
Slew sheep, and oxen and fat cattle=Adonijah was planning a big ole celebration for his stealing the throne of Solomon, I guess he planned on a whole lot of people showing up. So does satan plan on a whole lot of people being at his attempt to steal the throne of the True at the end of this Age, just prior to the True returning for His Second Advent. The Apostle Paul told the Thessalonians and us in I Thessalonians 4 how the events would unfold; but, some of those Thessalonians—and some even to today—mis-took and twisted what Paul told them. So, he wrote a second letter to the Thessalonians explaining it more carefully, still some people twist what he wrote; so, let's go there and read what he really did say: II Thessalonians 2:1 Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering back unto Him, -> Paul is pleading with the Thessalonians and us, to listen to what he is saying about Jesus' return, and how we will be gathered back to Him. This gathering takes place, as we'll read about here in this letter of II Thessalonians 2, right here on earth. II Thessalonians 2:2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter, as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand. -> Like Jesus told His disciples in Matthew 24:4, Mark 13:5 and Luke 21:8 "be careful who you listen to and pay attention to, otherwise, you could be deceived into believing false doctrines," He also said the same thing but in a different way, in Matthew 16:5-12. II Thessalonians 2:3 Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition, -> Paul is telling them and us to pay attention; because, many men will come with false doctrines and will deceive many so as to confuse, and lead people to the wrong Christ. But, Christ will not return until the apostasy (lack of hearing Father's Word, Amos 8:11) is in full swing and satan, as the anti-christ, (or instead of christ as this reads in the Greek) stands in Jerusalem, proclaiming that he is Christ and then he will be revealed as the false christ. We are beginning to see the falling away and the apostasy take place now as; Father's Word is being attacked on a daily basis. Christianity and the name Christ, the ONLY means by which we can be saved and have eternal life with Father, is being supplanted by many false doctrines, idols and other religions, the muslim being one of them. II Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. -> Does this sound like he'll be coming in and destroying the earth? No! Our adversary satan will be right there in the temple saying, I am Christ and I have returned; so, you can now stop taking communion in My absence. This is the abomination of desolation that Jesus was talking about in Matthew 24:15 and Mark 13:14, where He was quoting from Daniel 11:31 and 12:11, satan saying and portraying himself as God. If you still believe that there is a rapture of the church, you obviously cannot comprehend what you read, because verses vII Thessalonians 2:1-4 of this chapter make it very plain and clear that; satan comes first. II Thessalonians 2:5 Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things? -> Paul is asking the Thessalonians (and us) don't you remember I already stated this? How could you have gotten it confused? I'll go over it with you again... Paul continues as he finishes out II Thessalonians 2; but, for us here, I want to go to the book of revealing, The Book of Revelation to explain how many are going to be at the false one's coronation: Revelation 13:13 And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men, -> The deceiver, satan, will be here in his spiritual body which looks exactly like a flesh body. How and why? Because, in all actuality, our flesh bodies look exactly like the spiritual body, how we look in our angelic body. But, anyway, satan will be here in his spiritual body, and, he'll be able to perform miracles like we've never witnessed before, all to deceive as many as he can: read that, all those who are not sealed with Father's True Word in their minds as per Revelation 9:4-5. [13:14] And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live. -> If you don't have Father's seal, i.e., the Truth in His Word as to who this is, then you will be deceived into believing he is christ, just like many people here in I Kings 1 believe that Adonijah is now the true king of Israel, when in fact, he is not; Solomon is Father's anointed.
En-rogel=“A spring which formed one of the landmarks on the boundary line between Judah Joshua 15:7, and Benjamin Joshua 18:16. It may be identified with the present "Fountain of the Virgin," 'Ain Umm ed-Daraj , the perennial source from which the pool of Siloam is supplied.”.
I Kings 1:10 But Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon (peaceful) his brother, he called not. -> Adonijah didn't bother to invite Nathan the prophet, nor David's mighty men Shimei and Rei, nor did he invite his own brother Solomon. Why? Because he knew he was up to no good, he knew in his heart that he wasn't Father's anointed. Joab and Abiathar should have known also and advised him to not proceed.
Father told David who would be the next king of Israel, He did so in I Chronicles 22, so, let's turn there and read it: I Chronicles 22:7 And David said to Solomon, “My son, as for me, it was in my mind to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God: -> David was very grateful for all Father had did for him: anointing him as the second man king of Israel, giving him the victory over Goliath, and over the tens of thousands of Philistines, and all his other enemies and such; therefore, he wanted to repay Father by building a house for Him in order to get Him out of the tent (tabernacle) He was in. But, Father told him that He didn’t need anybody to build anything for Him; He also told David while telling him this, that, He would “build David a house and establish it forever.” [22:8] But the word of the LORD came to me, saying, ‘Thou hast shed blood abundantly, and hast made great wars: thou shalt not build an house unto My name, because thou hast shed much blood upon the earth in My sight. [22:9] Behold, a son shall be born to thee, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies round about: for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quietness unto Israel in his days. [22:10] He shall build an house for My name; and he shall be My son, and I will be his father; and I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel for ever..
But Nathan the prophet=It is interesting that Adonijah invited Nathan the prophet to his coronation; this shows the underhandedness of satan. How and why? Because, this Nathan is the prophet, not David's son; however; it will be through David's son Nathan, that Father will establish the Throne of Christ Forever. See, the kingship will continue through Solomon; however, Christ will proceed forth through the loins of David's son Nathan as we read in Luke 3: Luke 3:31 Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David, [3:32] Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson,” -> …and so forth and so on all the way back to Adam. Remember though brethren, this lineage is to Joseph, Mary's husband, not directly to Jesus; as, Father is Jesus's Father.
Solomon=“(1) -- Early life and occasion to the throne: Solomon was the child of David's old age, the last born of all his sons I Chronicles 3:5. The yearnings of the "man of war" led him to give to the new-horn infant the name of Solomon (Shelomoth, the peaceful one ). Nathan, with a marked reference to the meaning of the king's own name (David, the darling, the beloved one ), calls the infant Jedidiah (Jedid'yah), that is, the darling of the Lord II Samuel 11:24-25. He was placed under the care of Nathan from his earliest infancy. At first, apparently, there was no distinct purpose to make him the heir. Absalom was still the king's favorite son as can be read in II Samuel 13:37 and 18:33, and was looked on by the people as the destined successor in II Samuel 14:13 and 15:1-6. The death of Absalom when Solomon was about ten years old left the place vacant, and David pledged his word in secret to Bath-sheba that he, and no other, should be the heir I Kings 1:13. The words which were spoken somewhat later express, doubtless, the purpose which guided him throughout I Chronicles 28:9,20. His son's life should not be as his own had been, one of hardships and wars, dark crimes and passionate repentance, but, from first to last, be pure, blameless, peaceful, fulfilling the ideal of glory and of righteousness after which he himself had vainly striven. The glorious visions of Psalms 72:1 may be looked on as the prophetic expansion of these hopes of his old age. So far, all was well. Apparently his influence over his son's character was one exclusively for good. Nothing that we know of Bath-sheba lends us to think of her as likely to mould her son's mind and heart to the higher forms of goodness. Under these influences the boy grew up. At the age of ten or eleven he must have passed through the revolt of Absalom, and shared his father's exile II Samuel 15:16. He would be taught all that priests or Levites or prophets had to teach. When David was old and feeble, Adonijah, Solomon's older brother attempted to gain possession of the throne; but he was defeated, and Solomon went down to Gihon and was proclaimed and anointed king. A few months more and Solomon found himself, by his father's death, the sole occupant of the throne. The position to which he succeeded was unique. Never before, and never after, did the kingdom of Israel take its place among the great monarchies of the East. Large treasures, accumulated through many years, were at his disposal. (2) -- Personal appearance: Of Solomon's personal appearance we have no direct description, as we have of the earlier kings. There are, however, materials for filling up the gap. Whatever higher mystic meaning may be latent in Psalms 45:1 or the Song of Songs, we are all but compelled to think of them us having had at least a historical starting-point. They tell of one who was, in the eyes of the men of his own time, "fairer than the children of men," the face "bright, and ruddy" as his father's Song of Solomon 5:10; and I Samuel 17:42, bushy locks, dark as the raven's wing, yet not without a golden glow, the eyes soft as "the eyes of cloves," the "countenance as Lebanon excellent as the cedars," "the chiefest among ten thousand, the altogether lovely" Song of Solomon 5:13-18. Add to this all gifts of a noble, far-reaching intellect large and ready sympathies, a playful and genial humor, the lips "full of grace," and the soul "anointed" as "with the oil of gladness" Psalms 45:1, and we may form some notion of what the king was like in that dawn of his golden prime. (3) -- Reign: All the data for a continuous history that we have of Solomon's reign are: (a) The duration of the reign, forty sears, B.C. 1015-975 I Kings 11:4. (b) The commencement of the temple in the fourth, its completion in the eleventh, year of his reign I Kings 6:1, and 37-38. (c) The commencement of his own palace in the seventh, its completion in the twentieth, year I Kings 7:1 and II Chronicles 8:1. (d) The conquest of Hamath-zobah, and the consequent foundation of cities in the region of north Palestine after the twentieth year II Chronicles 8:1-6. (4) -- Foreign policy: (a) Egypt. The first act of the foreign policy of the new reign must have been to most Israelites a very startling one. He made affinity with Pharaoh, king of Egypt, by marrying his daughter I Kings 3:1. The immediate results were probably favorable enough. The new queen brought with her as a dowry the frontier city of Gezer. But the ultimate issue of alliance showed that it was hollow and impolitic. (b) Tyre. The alliance with the Phoenician king rested on a somewhat different footing. It had been a part of David's policy from the beginning of his reign. Hiram had been "ever a lover of David." As soon as he heard of Solomon's accession he sent ambassadors to salute him. A correspondence passed between the two kings, which ended in a treaty of commerce. The opening of Joppa as a port created a new coasting-trade, and the materials from Tyre were conveyed to that city on floats, and thence to Jerusalem II Chronicles 2:16. In return for these exports, the Phoenicians were only too glad to receive the corn and oil of Solomon's territory. The results of the alliance did not end here. Now, for the first time in the history of the Jews, they entered on a career as a commercial people. (c) The foregoing were the two most important to Babylon alliances. The absence of any reference to Babylon and Assyria, and the fact that the Euphrates was recognized as the boundary of Solomon's kingdom II Chronicles 9:26, suggests the inference that the Mesopotamian monarchies were at this time comparatively feeble. Other neighboring nations were content to pay annual tribute in the form of gifts II Chronicles 9:28. (d) The survey of the influence exercised by Solomon on surrounding nations would be incomplete if we were to pass over that which was more directly personal the fame of his glory and his wisdom. Wherever the ships of Tarshish went, they carried with them the report, losing nothing in its passage, of what their crews had seen and heard. The journey of the queen of Sheba, though from its circumstances the most conspicuous, did not stand alone. (5) -- Internal history: (a) The first prominent scene in Solomon's reign is one which presents his character in its noblest aspect. God in a vision having offered him the choice of good things he would have, he chose wisdom in preference to riches or honor or long life. The wisdom asked for was given in large measure, and took a varied range. The wide world of nature, animate and inanimate, the lives and characters of men, lay before him, and he took cognizance of all but the highest wisdom was that wanted for the highest work, for governing and guiding, and the historian hastens to give an illustration of it. The pattern-instance is, in all its circumstances, thoroughly Oriental I Kings 3:16-28. (b) In reference to the king's finances, the first impression of the facts given us is that of abounding plenty. Large quantities of the precious metals were imported from Ophir and Tarshish I Kings 9:28. All the kings and princes of the subject provinces paid tribute in the form of gifts, in money and in kind, "at a fixed rate year by year" I Kings 10:25. Monopolies of trade contributed to the king's treasury I Kings 10:28-29. The total amount thus brought into the treasury in gold, exclusive of all payments in kind, amounted to 666 talents I Kings 10:14. (c) It was hardly possible, however, that any financial system could bear the strain of the king's passion for magnificence. The cost of the temple was, it is true, provided for by David's savings and the offerings of the people; but even while that was building, yet more when it was finished one structure followed on another with ruinous rapidity. All the equipment of his court, the "apparel" of his servants was on the same scale. A body-guard attended him, "threescore valiant men," tallest and handsomest of the sons of Israel. Forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen made up the measure of his magnificence I Kings 4:26. As the treasury became empty, taxes multiplied and monopolies became more irksome. (d) A description of the temple erected by Solomon is given elsewhere. After seven years and the work was completed and the day came to which all Israelites looked back as the culminating glory of their nation. (e) We cannot ignore the fact that even now there were some darker shades in the picture. He reduced the "strangers" in the land, the remnant of the Canaanite races, to the state of helots, and made their life "bitter with all hard bondage." One hundred and fifty-three thousand, with wives and children in proportion, were torn from their homes and sent off to the quarries and the forests of Lebanon I Kings 5:15 and II Chronicles 2:17-18. And the king soon fell from the loftiest height of his religious life to the lowest depth. Before long the priests and prophets had to grieve over rival temples to Molech, Chemosh, Ashtaroth and forms of ritual not idolatrous only, but cruel, dark, impure. This evil came as the penalty of another I Kings 11:1-8. He gave himself to "strange women." He found himself involved in a fascination which led to the worship of strange gods. Something there was perhaps in his very "largeness of heart," so far in advance of the traditional knowledge of his age, rising to higher and wider thoughts of God, which predisposed him to it. In recognizing what was true in other forms of faith, he might lose his horror at what was false. With this there may have mingled political motives. He may have hoped, by a policy of toleration, to conciliate neighboring princes, to attract larger traffic. But probably also there was another influence less commonly taken into account. The widespread belief of the East in the magic arts of Solomon is not, it is believed, without its foundation of truth. Disasters followed before long as the natural consequence of what was politically a blunder as well as religiously a sin. (6) -- His literary works: Little remains out of the songs, proverbs, treatises, of which the historian speaks I Kings 4:32-33. Excerpts only are given from the three thousand proverbs. Of the thousand and five songs we know absolutely nothing. His books represent the three stages of his life. The Song of Songs brings before us the brightness of his -youth. Then comes in the book of Proverbs, the stage of practical, prudential thought. The poet has become the philosopher, the mystic has passed into the moralist; but the man passed through both stages without being permanently the better for either. They were to him but phases of his life which he had known and exhausted Ecclesiastes 1:1 and 2:1, and therefore there came, it’s in the confessions of the preacher, the great retribution.”.
1:11-14 NATHAN AND BATH-SHEBA COUNTERACTION. (Introversion.)
1:11 bath-sheba. Danger.
I Kings 1:11 Wherefore Nathan spake unto Bath-sheba the mother of Solomon, saying, “Hast thou not heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith doth reign, and David our lord knoweth it not? -> Again, this is not David and Bath-sheba's son Nathan, this is the prophet who has come to Bath-sheba to tell her and David that one, Adonijah, has just tried to usurp the throne from the rightful heir Solomon: Father's chosen one.
Nathan is also telling Bath-sheba this information because, he knows that, should, Adonijah be successful in his attempt at usurpation, then she and her son Solomon's lives are in grave danger as soon as David passes and returns Home to Father.
The third reason Nathan is telling Bath-sheba this, is, because, he wants her to trust in him—which she should—in order to protect her. He also knows that David needs to hear of this information in order that he set the record straight so that all the kingdom hear and know that it is Solomon who is the true heir to the throne of Israel. So, they are going to formulate a plan to tell David.
1:12 Advice for David.
I Kings 1:12 Now therefore come, let me, I pray thee, give thee counsel, that thou mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Solomon. -> Mayest save thine own life, and the life of thy son Solomon=This has ruminations both history to this time, and future to this time. During the time of Moses' birth, a man was king, or pharaoh of Egypt, and his slaves, the Hebrews, or Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them, so much so that, pharaoh decreed that all the male children being born to the Hebrew women be killed. So, Father moved Moses' mother to place him at his birth in a basket in order to float him down the Nile river and save the life of her son, Father saw to it that the pharaoh's very own daughter found that basket and had compassion on the child, and then took him to be her own child, pharaoh never even questioned when she became pregnant, or why she never said she had become so. Likewise also in the New Testament, when the Promised Redeemer--Jesus--was born, Harod heard of it and put out the order to kill all the Hebrew children two years old and younger, Father came to Joseph in a dream and told him to take Mary and Jesus down to Egypt to keep Him safe until Father told him it was time to come back to Israel. And here now, we see the same thing, Father interceding through His prophet Nathan, advising Bath-sheba of what to do, in order to save the Promised Seed Solomon.
1:13 Advice for Bath-sheba.
I Kings 1:13 Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, ‘Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne?’ why then doth Adonijah reign?’ -> Father had Nathan tell Bath-sheba to go to David and ask him specific questions which get right to the heart of the matter, "hadn’t you already told me that my son Solomon would be the next king of Israel...why then doth Adonijah reign?" We just read in my explanation in verse v1:10 that the promise was given that Solomon would reign as the third man king of Israel after his father David, yet here is Adonijah out there throwing a party and celebrating his victory.
1:14 Bath-sheba. Support.
I Kings 1:14 Behold, while thou yet talkest there with the king, I also will come in after thee, and confirm thy words.” -> Nathan continues telling Bath-sheba that, while she is in speaking with the king, he then also will come in with even more news, thus providing a second witness confirming her testimony, in order that, the king quickly take action to put the rightful heir, Solomon on the throne as he had promised.
1:15 David. Very old.
I Kings 1:15 And Bathsheba went in unto the king into the chamber: and the king was very old; and Abishag the Shunammite ministered unto the king. -> After listening to Nathan give her instructions as to how to proceed; Bath-sheba then departs from Nathan and goes to see her husband David. There with him is Abishag, Bath-sheba has no qualms with her ministering to David, as, she knows he is an old man and needs more attention and caregiving than she can provide at her age.
1:16-27 NATHAN AND BATH-SHEBA COUNTERACTION. (Extended Alternation.)
1:16-21 Nathan’s advice followed.
1:16 Obeisance of Bath-sheba.
I Kings 1:16 And Bath-sheba bowed, and did obeisance unto the king. And the king said, “What wouldest thou?” -> Even though she was David’s wife, and queen Israel, immediately upon entering into his bedchamber and he acknowledging her, Bath-sheba bowed herself in order to give respect to David's office of the king. David loved her very much, and we know that most of David's problems in his life were due in fact because of what David did to get Bath-sheba for his wife. David had granted many requests to her down through the years.
1:17 Rightful successor?
I Kings 1:17 And she said unto him, “My lord, thou swarest by the LORD thy God unto thine handmaid, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne.’ -> After her initial greeting and David acknowledging her and asking what he can do for her, Bath-sheba tells David exactly what Nathan had told her to say, "that you David, had promised me that my son Solomon, would be the next king of Israel," however, even as we speak, one of your other sons, Adonijah, the son of Haggith, is making a move on the kingship, and at this very moment, he is throwing a victory celebration down at serpent rock. He even has one of the Priests, Abiathar with him, who has anointed him king.
God=ELOHIM, Father in His role of Creator of all things.
I Kings 1:18 And now, behold, Adonijah reigneth; and now, my lord the king, thou knowest it not: -> Bath-sheba continues telling David that there is trouble in the kingdom, that, Adonijah has usurped the kingship behind your back king David, and though you are ill and haven't been able to effectively run the kingdom, you also haven't heard the goings on concerning this.
Now=A special reading called the Sevirin, along with the early printed editions of the Aramiac, the Syriac, the Septuagint, and the Vulgate read "thou." However, the Massorah proves the scribes were misled in their reading H6258 - עתּה, - ‛attâh, pronounced - at-taw', and means: From H6256; at this time, whether adverbial, conjugational or expletive: - henceforth, now, straightway, this time, whereas., instead of H859 - אתּנּה אתּנה אתּן אתּם אתּי את אתּ אתּהo, - 'attâh 'attâ 'ath 'attı̂y 'attem 'atten 'attênâh 'attênnâh, pronounced - at-taw' at-taw' at-tee' at-tem' at-ten', and means: A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you: - thee, thou, ye, you..
I Kings 1:19 And he hath slain oxen and fat cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the sons of the king, and Abiathar the priest, and Joab the captain of the host: but Solomon thy servant hath he not called. -> Adonijah has killed and dressed many oxen, sheep and fat cattle for his party of a very large guest list; he has called all of your others sons, your Commanding General and High Priest. They are all there, all, except my son, whom you promised would be king in your absence, Solomon, the rightful heir.
I Kings 1:20 And thou, my lord, O king, the eyes of all Israel are upon thee, that thou shouldest tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. -> Bath-sheba continues by telling David that those who are not at Adonijah's party at serpent rock, are watching, listening and waiting for word from you, oh, king, as to whether you are giving your approval and consent, or, are going to voice opposition to Adonijah's usurpation of your throne.
And thou=See the note after "now" in verse v1:18 above.
I Kings 1:21 Otherwise it shall come to pass, when my lord the king shall sleep with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon shall be counted offenders.” -> Here Bath-sheba tells David a truth which, he should and does already know; that, should he not voice his opposition to Adonijah's usurpation, then if, or when Bath-sheba and Solomon try to lay rightful claim to the throne, they will be considered offenders, or, H2400 - חטּא, chaṭṭâ', pronounced - khat-taw', and means: Intensive from H2398; a criminal, or one accounted guilty: - offender, sinful, sinner., in other words, they'll be considered as committing a treasonous act, and therefore, killed for such acts.
Shall sleep with thy fathers=Shall lie down to sleep, a beautiful euphemism for death. It is used alike for evil people and good: of Ahab, as well as of David; of all the kings, even of Jehoiakim who had no burial. The first occurrence of the use of the phrase can be found in Deuteronomy 31:16.
It's just about the time for Nathan to come in and validate and reinforce what Bath-sheba is telling the king.
1:22-27 Nathan’s promise fulfilled.
1:22 Obeisance of Nathan.
I Kings 1:22 And, lo, while she yet talked with the king, Nathan the prophet also came in. -> As Bath-sheba was coming to a close on telling David all that Nathan had told her to say, on cue and as planned, in walks Nathan to act as second witness for David.
1:23 Obeisance of Nathan.
I Kings 1:23 And they told the king, saying, “Behold Nathan the prophet.” And when he was come in before the king, he bowed himself before the king with his face to the ground. -> Once the door to the king's bedchamber opens and Nathan walks in, David's caretakers announce Nathan's arrival for the king. These caretakers have stepped outside once Bath-sheba came in, and, they'll stay outside the door until the king is again alone. Nathan, even though he is a prophet of YHVH'S, he still is being respectful of the David's office of king; he therefore, bows and does obeisance. What is not said here, is, that, Bath-sheba would also as soon as Nathan walked in, excused herself, likewise also, when Bath-sheba gets summoned back before David so he can tell her what to do, Nathan will then excuse himself.
1:24 Wrongful successor.
I Kings 1:24 And Nathan said, “My lord, O king, hast thou said, ‘Adonijah shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne. -> Nathan wastes no time, nor does he mince words, he gets right to the heart of the matter, for, he knows exactly what Bath-sheba has just said to David. Bath-sheba's words were placed in her mind by none other than Nathan himself, and he is now making a point to David, that, something has to be done right this very minute. The coronation party at serpent rock is well underway, and when it is over, all Israel will accept Adonijah as their new king, and, as we know, Abiathar was even there to do the anointing of the new king. Nathan knew that David had promised that it would be Solomon who would sit on his throne. So, oh king, David, it’s time for you to say or do something.
I Kings 1:25 For he is gone down this day, and hath slain oxen and fat cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the king's sons, and the captains of the host, and Abiathar the priest; and, behold, they eat and drink before him, and say, ‘God save king Adonijah.’ -> Notice, this coronation party is well underway, everybody is there, and the anointing has already taken place, we know this because of what is said by Nathan at the end of the verse, 'God save king Adonijah." However, they're—everybody in attendance at Adonijah's coronation party there at serpent rock—just a little premature in their announcing Adonijah as king, see, the real king, David, has not yet returned Home to Father, he is still alive, and, by their announcing the new king already, they can all be held, or, be accounted guilty, and therefore, be killed for treason.
Brethren, do you see the "type" in this coronation and party? This is how it will be at the end of this Age, when satan is here in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus: antichrist, claiming to be Jesus, and the entire world is celebrating, all those of course, except, those who are sealed with the truth that the one who is claiming to be Jesus, is the fake, or, false one. We know this because of several reasons: we have read Father's Word which tells is who this is; and two, we are still in our flesh bodies, and as Paul tells us in I Corinthians 15, the very moment Christ bursts forth through the clouds, we immediately change into our spiritual bodies: I Corinthians 15:50 Now I say, brethren, flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. -> All created\formed man in the flesh have two bodies: the outer (flesh) man that we know and see every day, the body that is sinful by nature; and, the inner man which came from the presence of Father, known as the spiritual man, or, our soul. In order to enter in Father’s Kingdom, we all must either die, or, as Paul will explain in the next few verses, be changed at Christ's coming at His Second Advent, in either case, these flesh and blood bodies cannot enter into His Kingdom. [15:51] Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed. -> Paul is about to reveal something to those at Corinth (and us), it is a mystery to some; but, once he reveals it, it will no longer be a mystery. The mystery is this: at Christ's coming at the seventh trump, the last and final trump, all those who have not died, will, at His coming, be changed into their incorruptible (spiritual) body that can enter in Father's Kingdom. [15:52] In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. -> Did you hear that? Christ doesn't return until the last trump. Did Paul say that Christ will come first in the air to pluck out only certain Christians, and then return again at the last trump? No. Paul said that Christ will return at the 7th, the last trump; and, when He returns—in a twinkling of an eye—all living flesh bodies will changed into incorruptible spiritual bodies. If you are looking for a rapture so you won't have to be here during the tribulation, you're looking for a falsehood, because, unless you have already died; all those who are living during the end of this Age, will go through the tribulation. If you expect Christ to pluck you away, you're looking for the wrong christ because, the True Christ (the 7th/the last trump) doesn't return until after satan in his role of instead of, or, pretend-to-be-jesus: anti-christ (the 6th trump). Who are the dead that "...shall be raised incorruptible..." in this verse? It is those who have not accepted Christ, in other words — those who are spiritually dead. They too will be changed into their spiritual bodies. Nobody, the I repeat, nobody is judged in their flesh body, all are judged in their spiritual body, see Revelation 20. All those who say there is a rapture are saying that Father has already judged those that Christ "left behind" to face the anti-christ in the tribulation which is not true. All living flesh will face the satan in his role as anti-christ; it is part of Father's test for us to see who has truly read His word with understanding. [15:53] For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. -> This flesh body will change into that wonderful spiritual body which can enter into the Kingdom of YHVH, that body will not age or get sick, it won't break down or get arthritis, nor will our eyes dim. One thing to remember about the spiritual body though, that body is still a liable to die (second death) body, until the time of the Great White Throne Judgment at the end of the 1,000 year millennial reign of Christ as can be read about in Revelation 20.Christ warns us that both our bodies are liable to die in Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which can kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear Him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. -> If you choose to follow satan when he is loosed at the end of Christ's 1,000 reign, then Father YHVH will condemn your spiritual body to the lake of fire and you will be blotted from existence and be no more.
I Kings 1:26 But me, even me thy servant, and Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and thy servant Solomon, hath he not called. -> Nathan continues by telling David that Adonijah, knew he was up to "no-good," as, he didn't even call him, the other High Priest--for a second witness--Zadok, nor, Benaiah (the head of the Cherethites and Pelethites, the king's Body Guards); and, by Adonijah not calling and inviting those who were the most trusted in David's cabinet—in other words, those who gave counsel to the king—it proves that all that Adonijah was doing, was not above board; and, that, he also knew those he had not invited, would have been those who would remain loyal to David.
I Kings 1:27 Is this thing done by my lord the king, and thou hast not shewed it unto thy servant, who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?” -> Is this thing done by my lord the king?=Here, Nathan is now directly asking David, have you approved this and not told me, Father's prophet? In other words, are you king David, going behind Father's back and anointing a king other than who Father had said was to sit on your throne after you? A very pointed question, one that is sure to cause David to act.
We are about to hear David's reply to Nathan's question, and in doing so, we will also change subjects beginning in the next verse through the end of the Chapter, and, we'll see Solomon, the rightful king, brought to, and set upon the throne of Israel.
1:28-53 Solomon. Rightful succession.
1:28-53 SOLOMON. RIGHTFUL SUCCESSON. (Division.)
1:28-40 Proclamation and anointing.
1:28-40 PROCLAMATION AND ANOINTING. (Extended and Repeated Alternation.)
1:28 Call for Bath-sheba (David).
I Kings 1:28 Then king David answered and said, “Call me Bathsheba.” And she came into the king's presence, and stood before the king. -> Exit Nathan, and re-enter Bath-sheba, all courtesies obeyed as each makes their movements.
David is about to set things right, and tell Bath-sheba that her son, Solomon is indeed to sit upon the throne, and be the next king of Israel.
1:29 Command given.
I Kings 1:29 And the king sware, and said, “As the LORD liveth, That hath redeemed my soul out of all distress, -> As the LORD liveth=This is a very solemn oath on his own life, by David.
That redeemed my soul out of all distress=Let's read this as it should be read: "Who delivered my nephesh out of the hands of all my adversaries." What David is saying here is, that, it was and is Father, Who kept that wall of protection around him all the days of his life, beginning with the lion and the bear, to when he took on the Philistine champion Goliath, to Saul, and all his other enemies, including his sons and the true enemy, satan.
1:30 Command given.
I Kings 1:30 Even as I sware unto thee by the LORD God of Israel, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne in my stead;’ even so will I certainly do this day.” -> Assuredly=Notice that David uses the exact word that both Nathan and then Bath-sheba use in verses v1:13 and v1:17 above.
David tells Bath-sheba that not only will Solomon reign after David; but, David will make it happen this very day. Though weak, David will get up and then effectively turn the reins of the kingdom over to Solomon in order that there not be anxiety in the people, nor another civil war because of two of his sons trying to lay claim to the throne.
1:31 Acquiescence. Reverence.
I Kings 1:31 Then Bath-sheba bowed with her face to the earth, and did reverence to the king, and said, “Let my lord king David live for ever.” -> Bath-sheba is very welcoming of David's news, bows herself with deep gratitude and respect to effect her exit, then, turns and leaves to go to her son to tell him to get ready to hear some good news.
Before she leaves, she bids her husband good tidings by way of using a phrase that only the Israelites used at this time "let the king live forever or may the king live forever." To Bath-sheba, David would live forever in her heart; but, we also know that we serve a Father of the living, not of the dead, so, therefore David does indeed live forever, especially seeing, though he did sin, he repented himself of those sins, and Father forgave him, and he will live forever.
1:32 Call for Zadok (David).
I Kings 1:32 And king David said, “Call me Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” And they came before the king. -> David is calling in his cabinet to tell them to make ready the things which need to make happen in order to effect Solomon's transition to the throne. Zadok will do the anointing and Benaiah the Captain of the Royal Body Guards and Executioners will bring in such to guard Solomon and the entire kingdom will know and understand that it is Solomon who will be the next king, and he'll sit on the throne this very day, as, David is now, while yet still living, turning the kingdom over to him.
1:33-35 Command. Given.
I Kings 1:33 The king also said unto them, “Take with you the servants of your lord, and cause Solomon my son to ride upon mine own mule, and bring him down to Gihon (stream): -> Upon mine own mule=Notice that David, the rightful king rides a mule, thereby obeying what Father had told Moses concerning horses in Deuteronomy 17:16, about not going back to Egypt to get horses. Obviously someone had, as, both David's sons, Absalom and Adonijah had prepared their chariots and horses and fifty men to run before them announcing they were king.
Also, by David saying that Solomon should ride on his mule, it is a sign that the king is either blessing Solomon as the new king, or, David has died and Solomon has stepped up to assume the throne. Gihon is near Jerusalem; but, more importantly, it is also near serpent rock, and with Solomon riding upon David's mule being escorted by the Priest, the prophet and the Royal Guards and Executioners, everybody will know and understand that Solomon is now king of Israel.
This also then, puts all those who are attending the coronation party at serpent rock, on the wrong side, it'll be up to the new king as to what to do concerning them.
Gihon=“A place near Jerusalem, memorable as the scene of the anointing and proclamation of Solomon as king I Kings 1:33,38,45.”.
I Kings 1:34 And let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel: and blow ye with the trumpet, and say, ‘God save king Solomon.’ -> As we see, David tells Zadok that it will be in Gihon that he'll actually do the anointing of Solomon, out in public where everyone can see it; then, once the anointing has taken place, sound the king's trumpet and declare Solomon king of Israel, over all the Tribes of Israel. Then it is official in all the land.
Again, brethren, see the "type" in this scenario? There at serpent rock is the coronation party taking place for the false king, and, as it is taking place, the trumpet sounds, and the true rightful king is announced. This is just as it will be at the end of this Age, for, as we read in Revelation 11, as all the world is partying because their king—satan in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus is here, they have slain Father's two witnesses whose dead bodies are lying street. So, let's turn there and read of it: Revelation 11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. -> This "when they have finished their testimony" is in reference to Father's two witnesses, and, as we just read, after they finish, satan will have them slain. These two witnesses are most likely Moses and Elijah, I say most likely because, nobody knows for sure; however, Father gave us some mighty good clues as, though Moses returned Home to Father, no man witnessed his death and no man buried his dead body, secondly, we read in the Book of Jude that satan contended with the Arch Angel Michael for the bones of Moses. As far as Elijah is concerned, we read in II Kings 2:1-12 that Elijah was taken-up by the whirlwind and returned Home to Father. In addition to this, we also read in Matthew 17:1-5 that Moses and Elias (Elijah in the Greek) appeared with Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration. [11:8] And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our LORD was crucified. -> We know where our LORD was crucified: on the Mount of Olives, or, otherwise known as Mount Sinai and Mount Moriah. This then also we know, is where Jesus will return as read in Zechariah 14 and Acts 1. This is also—as we read in II Thessalonians 2—where satan will set-up camp and play his role of pretend-to-be-jesus, and there he will slay Father's two witnesses. [11:9] And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. -> All the world will be throwing a party like never before, celebrating these two who prophesied against the world's "the one." They also know Jesus rose from the dead after three days; so, they are going to let the two witnesses dead carcasses lay there, so they can witness that they too will not rise. But boy-howdy are they in for a surprise. [11:10] And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth. -> Notice all the world will be celebrating and sending gifts to each other over the fact they "killed" Father's two witnesses. In a minute they won't be celebrating anymore; no, they are about to receive the shock of their lives. [11:11] And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. -> Father's Spirit enters into these two witnesses of Father's, then they arise, and the entire world falls into exceeding frightful terror at witnessing their rising. What happens next? [11:12] And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, “Come up hither.” And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. -> They ascended up into heaven, to be back Home with Father, as, their work for Him is now completed. [11:13] And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. -> With the work of the two witnesses now complete, it's time for the True Christ to return for His bride. [11:14] The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly. [11:15] And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our LORD, and of his Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever.” -> Jesus' one thousand year Millennial period begins. This is a time of disciplining and teaching, and the evil one will be in the abyss until Father let's him out at the end of the Millennium to, for one last time, attempt to tempt those who he will, into following him; then, he and they (all in spiritual bodies) go into the Lake of Fire and are consumed.
I Kings 1:35 Then ye shall come up after him, that he may come and sit upon my throne; for he shall be king in my stead: and I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah.” -> After the official true coronation has taken place, then, Solomon can come into the Royal Palace and sit upon the king's throne.
Solomon is 19 years of age at this time, and ruler over all the House of Israel.
Now, I don't know about any of you; but, at 19, I was not mature enough, or knowledgeable enough, nor did I have the wisdom, to be ruler of my own life, let alone rule a kingdom—and remember, at this time, Israel is probably the most powerful Nation in all the world—and the lives of all the people in my kingdom.
Now also, as we read, and, as I pointed out in verse v1:33, David has Solomon ride upon his mule because, David obeyed Father's command concerning the multiplying of houses, his sons, Absalom and Adonijah did not, sadly, neither will Solomon in the future follow this command from Father in the Laws He told Moses concerning when Israel rejected Him and wanted a man to be their king, Solomon will also disregard Father's command concern the multiplying of wives to himself.
1:36 Acquiescence. Benediction.
I Kings 1:36 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, and said, “Amen: the LORD God of my lord the king say so too. -> Benaiah the son of Jehoiada=Remember, Jehoiada is a Priest, thus making Benaiah a Priest as well.
Amen=In the Hebrew tongue, this means: so be it, that's the way it is, or truth.
The LORD God of my lord the king say so too=Here, Benaiah is say that if king David speaks it, it is as good as the Word coming out of the mouth of Father YHVH Himself.
1:37 Acquiescence. Benediction.
I Kings 1:37 As the LORD hath been with my lord the king, even so be he with Solomon, and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord king David.” -> Benaiah continues, and, notice brethren, Benaiah is not the high priest, Zadok is, and Zadok allows Benaiah to continue with his supplication to Father YHVH that Solomon not only be Blessed as well as David had been by Father; but, that he be Blessed even greater than David. A mighty tall order indeed. How did this supplication of Benaiah's turn-out? Being s this is history to us, we know that Solomon grew to be a very wise man, and even as a youth, he wrote the Book The Song of Solomon, as well as the Book The Proverbs in which man should learn to live their lives by. In Solomon's latter years, he wrote The Book of Ecclesiastes; or, The Preacher, telling us the wisdom as to how to live our lives in these flesh bodies. The purpose of Ecclesiastes is to give us peace of mind while we are here on earth in the flesh living our bodies.
1:38 Call for Solomon (Zadok).
I Kings 1:38 So Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites (executioners), and the Pelethites (couriers), went down, and caused Solomon to ride upon king David's mule, and brought him to Gihon. -> The High Priest, the Prophet, the Captain of the Royal Guards and those he was in charge of, gathered around the newly appointed king and led him in precession to Gihon, near to both Jerusalem and, in a sense more importantly, right past serpent rock for all those in attendance at the false coronation to hear and see.
Cherethites=“(executioners ) and of King David II Samuel 8:18; 15:18; 20:7,23; I Kings 1:38,44; I Chronicles 18:17. It is plain that these royal guards were employed as executioners II Kings 11:4, and as couriers I Kings 14:27. But it has been conjectured that they may have been foreign mercenaries, and therefore probably Philistines, of which name Pelethites may be only another form.”.
1:39 Command. Obeyed.
I Kings 1:39 And Zadok the priest took an horn of oil out of the tabernacle, and anointed Solomon. And they blew the trumpet; and all the People said, “God save king Solomon.” -> After the procession passed all those attending the false coronation party at serpent rock, they arrived at the Tabernacle where, Zadok anointed Solomon. Then, after Solomon's anointing, the trumpets sounded and all those in attendance shouted with a great, joyous shout—purposely loud enough for those at serpent rock to hear—"God save king Solomon."
Tabernacle=The Tent ('Ohel). Erected as a special place of worship before the Tabernacle was set up. Hence to be always distinguished from the Tabernacle proper. Its full title was: 'Ohel Moh'ed=meaning the Tent of Assembly, or, of the congregation. This was not the tabernacle at Gibeon; but, David's tabernacle, which he had set-up in Gihon in II Samuel 6:17.
As a side note, verses v1:39-40 make up the lyrics of a song which was sung by the choir at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Some of you may be wondering how and or why these words were sung at the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II; but, if you studied Father's Word in depth enough, you'd know that when the last king of the House of Judah—Zedekiah—was captured by the Babylonians, then, you'd know from reading and Studying Jeremiah 43 and following, that, Jeremiah took his—Zedekiah's—3 daughters, who had been taken down into Egypt, to Tahpanhes by Johanan, as, I was saying, Jeremiah later took them to a land far away, to the British Isles, one of which today is known as Scotland, where, one of Zedekiah's daughters: Scota married a king there, who renamed the land after his wife's name: Jeremiah 43:4 So Johanan the son of Kareah and all the captains of the forces, and all the people, obeyed not the voice of the LORD, to dwell in the land of Judah. -> Father told them it would only be for 70 years, that, if they obeyed His voice, then all would be well with them; however, they obeyed not, and what did they do? [43:5] But Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, took all the remnant of Judah, that were returned from all nations, whither they had been driven, to dwell in the land of Judah; -> They rounded-up the remnant who had been in Judah, in order that they disobey Father, and go back down into the very land He had brought their—and our—forefathers out of. [43:6] Even men, and women, and children, and the king's daughters, and every person that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah. -> Johanan even rounded-up Jeremiah, Baruch and Zedekiah's daughters. [43:7] So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: thus came they even to Tahpanhes. -> What did Father think of Johanan's ignoring Him, and, his taking the people—especially His prophet Jeremiah and Zedekiah's daughter—to Egypt? Jeremiah 44:11 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; ‘Behold, I will set my face against you for evil, and to cut off all Judah. -> Father was down-right angry that Johanan, like just about everybody else in Israel, disobeyed His voice. [44:12] And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, and fall in the land of Egypt; they shall even be consumed by the sword and by the famine: they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach. -> This is the end of Father that you brethren, never want to see. Notice He says He will consume them? Think of the end of the Millennium when He brings forth the Great White Throne Judgment and all those who follow after satan go into the lake of Fire. [44:13] For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: [44:14] So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.’” -> Father did scatter them; but, He also kept His promise to bring them back into their land of Judah: Jerusalem, where Ezra and Nehemiah rebuilt the temple and the city. Four hundred years later it was in the hands of the Romans. But, as we see by the songs sung by the choir, it worked out as Father planned: a king would always sit on the throne, one day soon The King will sit on His Throne.
And=Beginning in this verse v1:39 through the end of the Chapter, each verse will begin with the word "and," and, as we know, this is a polysyndeton, meaning much more is going on than is being said; and, each time it is used in succession, the emphasis and importance, becomes greater.
1:40 Acquiescence. Rejoicing.
I Kings 1:40 And all the People came up after him, and the People piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth rent with the sound of them. -> The people piped with pipes=In other words, the people piped loudly with their pipes. Brethren, this should remind you of the Return of The King: Jesus Christ at His Second Advent when the Seventh Trumpet sounds. Solomon's party was exceedingly louder than the other party going on at serpent rock; however, it pales in comparison to the party the will be taking place during the end of this Age when satan is here in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus and those who slay father's two witnesses and see their dead bodies lie in the street for those three days and are giving gifts to each other. Even that party will pale in comparison to the joyous singing by that small group of Father's Elect at the coming of the True Bridegroom, the Rightful King: Jesus Christ. What song will they be singing? Father tells us in His Word in Revelation 15:3 that they'll be singing the "Song of Moses" which is found in Exodus 32.
1:41-53 Adonijah. Rebellion quelled.
1:41-53 ADONIJAH. REBELLION QUELLED. (Alternation.)
I Kings 1:41 And Adonijah (the false king, the "type" for anti-christ) and all the guests that were with him heard it as they had made an end of eating. And when Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he said, “Wherefore is this noise of the city being in an uproar?” -> Can you picture this in your mind? Here are all these people at serpent rock celebrating, just finishing up their eating of all those animals that Adonijah slayed, for just this occasion--his coronation--and now they hear this other party going on, and, they're wondering what it's about and why someone else is partying somewhere other than at serpent rock. If you can picture this, then perhaps you can also picture the end of this Age when those who are attending the false king's party will also be astonished to hear the sounding of the Seventh Trump and witness—as they're changing into their spiritual body—the return of The King.
1:42-48 Tidings brought to Adonijah.
I Kings 1:42 And while he yet spake, behold, Jonathan (the gift of YHVH) the son of Abiathar the priest came: and Adonijah said unto him, “Come in; for thou art a valiant man, and bringest good tidings.” -> As Adonijah is speaking and thanking everybody for attending his coronation, a visitor—Jonathan, Abiathar's son—comes to the party. Adonijah recognizes him, invites him in and asks him if he has brought good news?
Brethren, remember who this Jonathan is? He is one of the two young men we read about in II Samuel 15 and II Samuel 17 who were faithful servants, spies and messengers of David's; when he was on the run from his son Absalom, who was at that time trying to usurp the throne from him.
Jonathan=“The son of Abiathar, the high priest, is the last descendant of Eli of whom we hear anything II Samuel 15:36; 17:15-21; I Kings 1:42-43.”.
I Kings 1:43 And Jonathan answered and said to Adonijah, “Verily our lord king David hath made Solomon king. -> Jonathan...came...and said=Brethren, remember it was the High Priest Abiathar who was invited to Adonijah’s coronation, and, he was to have anointed Adonijah as the new king. Well, while he was there, his own son Jonathan shows up, and, after Adonijah recognizes him and asks him if he has good news, he announces the news of Solomon's anointing. He not only announces this; but, does so with joy, oops. Obviously, Jonathan had not known what was going on at the party his father was attending, so, the news that he is telling, is sending a shock wave throughout all that were there at Adonijah’s party. Adonijah who though Jonathan was bringing good news, was wrong again, for, Solomon could now claim Adonijah's head for his challenging Solomon for the throne of Israel.
I Kings 1:44 And the king hath sent with him Zadok the priest, and Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride upon the king's mule: -> To ride upon the king's mule=With Zadok, Nathan and Benaiah with Solomon and his riding on David's mule, there can be no doubt the king made his selection of Solomon as his successor. Everybody at serpent rock will now realize they are at the wrong coronation: imagine their surprise. Likewise also, imagine the surprise to those who are attending the wrong coronation at the end of this Age: Father's Word says there'll be "weeping and gnashing of teeth," and the Christians who were deceived, they'll be begging for "mountains to fall upon them."
Jonathan continues further:
I Kings 1:45 And Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon: and they are come up from thence rejoicing, so that the city rang again. This is the noise that ye have heard. -> Jonathan tells the people at serpent rock, that, the sole reason for the noise they heard, was for the coronation of Solomon. You may have a lot of people here; however, those you didn't invite, are with Solomon, and, attending his coronation party.
I Kings 1:46 And also Solomon sitteth on the throne of the kingdom. -> And now he--Solomon--sits on the throne as king of the House of Israel; or, at least, he will, when his father king David returns Home to Father.
I Kings 1:47 And moreover the king's servants came to bless our lord king David, saying, ‘God make the name of Solomon better than thy name, and make his throne greater than thy throne.’ And the king bowed himself upon the bed. -> Back in verse v1:40 it was stated that "the noise of them who were rejoicing for Solomon's being made king, was so great, that they rent the earth," again, think of the sound of the earth rending at the end of this Age for the Return of Her King—remember, Father ELOHIM created all things, and His creation—the universe, the earth, His animals all know Him and rejoices for Him.
'God make the name of Solomon better than thy name'=This is no disrespect to David, as, this is a petition to Father to bestow greatness upon Solomon, even more than He had upon David Solomon's father. David himself would petition Father for this for his son.
God=As used here in this verse is ELOHIM-Creator of all things.
Bowed himself upon the bed=Though lying on his physical bed, David worshipped Father while lay in his bed. We can compare this with Jacob's—or, as Father changed his name to: Israel—doing this back in Genesis 47: Genesis 47:27 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly. -> Father knew He was sending the famine in the Promised Land; and, He had told Abram that He was going to send his descendants down, into Egypt for 400 years, so, that He could judge the Egyptians gods. Now they are here, and, they are growing as Father said they would. [47:28] And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years. -> Jacob lived to the ripe old age of 147 before returning Home to Father. [47:29] And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, “If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: -> Remember, it was Joseph that Jacob's other sons had sold to the Ishmeelites for 20 pieces of silver, who then sold him to the Egyptians, more specifically Potiphar, an officer of pharaoh's: thus fulfilling this portion of Father's plan. [47:30] But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace.” And he said, “I will do as thou hast said.” -> Jacob's only request was that his sons always keep his bones in order to be buried in the sepulcher of his fathers: Isaac and Abraham. [47:31] And he said, “Swear unto me.” And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head. -> After receiving the guarantee from Joseph, Israel worshipped Father while lying on his bed. It will be many, many years; however, Jacob's offspring will fulfill his wish, and thus also fulfill the name for the burying place at Mechpelah: Genesis 49:31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah. -> Isaac, Sarah, Rachel, Abraham, Leah.
I Kings 1:48 And also thus said the king, ‘Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, Which hath given one to sit on my throne this day, mine eyes even seeing it.’” -> David was proud and happy to be able to live long enough, and not have died, before his successor was anointed and sitting on his throne. After Solomon, there won't be any other kings who can say this, for, they will all be killed in order that the new king can take his place.
1:49 Fear and flight.
I Kings 1:49 And all the guests that were with Adonijah were afraid, and rose up, and went every man his way. -> Everyone who attended the false coronation party have now "seen the Light" and the error of their ways. Though, yea, we are angry at what they do now, and will continue to do until the end of this Age, it really gives us no joy or pleasure to know, that those who attend that false coronation party, will receive Father's wrath, poured out upon them. How does He do so? Revelation 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, -> This is how it will be at the end of this Age for those who do attend that false coronation, Father's messengers—the angels—will come and proclaim what is about to happen to and upon them. The warning is now. [14:7] Saying with a loud voice, “Fear God, and give glory to Him; for the hour of His judgment is come: and worship Him That made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.” -> It truly is this simple, worship Father and glorify Him Who Created All Things. [14:8] And there followed another angel, saying, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.” -> At the Lamb's Return, that old great whore Babylon will fall and then be no more, neither will there be any more evilness for 1,000 years, during Jesus' Millennium: until, Father allows satan out of the abyss for his short time to coax those who will follow him, into following him; and, then he and they go into the Lake of Fire and are consumed by Father's wrath. [14:9] And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, -> Learn Father's Word now, in order that you will not be deceived, and know that the false comes before the True. And, no, the mark is not either a computer chip, or, any other physical mark upon, or in your body, satan is more intelligent than that, he knows that should he do something like that, everybody would know him for who he is. [14:10] The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of His indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: -> Father has given us His Word in order that we Study it now, so that, we will not be fooled by satan. Oh, yes, He—Father—has allowed satan's children—the kenites—to have scribeship over His Word, in order to see just who has caught what they have done, and have read it with understanding. [14:11] And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.”.
1:50 Fear and flight.
I Kings 1:50 And Adonijah feared because of Solomon, and arose, and went, and caught hold on the horns of the altar. -> Adonijah, hearing that his brother has now rightfully been anointed king of Israel, knows that his days are numbered; Solomon has every right to slay him for his attempted usurpation of the throne. This is so beautiful when you look at the "type" within this; especially, when you consider, that, when father was born in the flesh, satan's—the false king—children nailed Him to the cross, thus fulfilling Father's very first prophesy in His Word in Genesis 3: Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. -> So, what does Father say to satan? He—Father—will put hostility and hatred between who? Between satan and Eve, and between satan’s seed and Eve’s seed. Do not overlook what Father—God—just said! In both instances and uses, Father is talking about H2233 - זרע - zera‛, pronounced - zeh'-rah, and means: From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity: - X carnally, child, fruitful, seed (-time), sowing-time.. Now let's look at H2232 - זרע - zara‛, pronounced - zaw-rah' and means: A primitive root; to sow; figuratively to disseminate, plant, fructify: - bear, conceive seed, set with, sow (-er), yield.. OK, so now that we know that Father was talking about posterity, let's find out who each's offspring are. We know that Eve's offspring with Adam, are the Adamic seedline through which Father will become flesh as His only Begotten Son: Jesus Christ. This child of Adam and Eve is Able (who was murdered, and, since he had no posterity, he had no lineage) and then, Seth, and so on down the line. We can trace Adam's lineage\seedline beginning with Genesis 4:25 and then continuing throughout all the rest of Father's Word. You see, there is another misconception propagated by the preachers: just like every novel, fictional or non-fictional story you've ever read, the story centers around a central set of characters. That doesn't mean that there aren't other people in the setting, the story, or the book, - it just means that unless they have something to do in the story, they aren't mentioned. It is the same with Father's Word. The Sixth Day Creation isn't mentioned very often because the story - Father's Word, for the most part ONLY centers around the Adamic Seedline. We can also continue to trace Adam and Eve's seedline through Seth, then to Enos; to Cainan; to Mahalaleel; to Jared; to Enoch (who walked with God); to Methuselah; to Lamech; to Noah and his three sons Shem; Ham and Japeth; and their offspring all the way down to Abram. Then in Genesis 15:19 we find Father telling Abram (before Father changed his name to Abraham) that He—Father— will move Abram's offspring out of the land of Canaan (The Promised Land in the future) to Egypt, and then over 400 years later He will bring them back again. Why will Father do this? Because, the iniquity of the Amorites has not yet been fulfilled. What is the "iniquity of the Amorites?" They are of the Adamic seedline and they were allowing their women and daughters to mate with the fallen angels as explained in Genesis 6. This mating between flesh man (women) and the fallen angels, as we'll find when we come to Genesis 6, produces hybrid giants. Do the names Goliath and\or Og ring a bell? This mating was all part of satan's plan to interrupt the seedline through which Father would come in the flesh. Father knew they were doing this and would allow it to continue to fulfill His Plan. What did Father—who would bring the Israelites back to the land of Canaan - The Promised Land—want the Israelites to do about these other Adamic peoples who were mating with the fallen angels, and their hybrid offspring? He wanted the Israelites to "utterly destroy them." You see, it wasn't just anybody that Father wanted the Israelites to destroy in The Promised Land, as, we are all His children, but He wanted these hybrid giants destroyed as this was the second time the fallen angels had come to interrupt the seedline, the first time was before Noah's Flood and that was the reason for Noah's Flood: - To destroy the hybrid giants. This is all explained in Genesis 6. Eve's offspring with satan, is Cain, and then his offspring will be known as the kenites. As for the kenites, we also find them and what Father wanted done with them in the following verses: Numbers 24:21 And he (Balaam) looked on the Kenites, and took up his parable, and said, “Strong is thy dwellingplace, And thou puttest thy nest in a rock. -> Who is this "rock" (lower case "r")? It is their father (lower case "f") satan, see Deuteronomy 32:31. [24:22] Nevertheless the Kenite shall be wasted, until Asshur shall carry thee away captive. -> Father - God - Creator of Everybody and Everything, wants these kenites "wasted," Strong's Concordance Hebrew word number H1197 - בּער - Ba-ar', pronounced - baw-ar', and means: A primative root; to kindle, that is, consume (by fire or by eating).. Just as He tells satan in Ezekiel 28 He will do to him. Why else would Father want these offspring of Cain, the kenites, consumed with fire? Let’s turn to I Chronicles 2:55: I Chronicles 2:55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez, the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of Rechab. -> There are several key items in this verse: (1) the scribes" in the Strong's Concordance, this is Hebrew word number H5608 - saphar, pronounced - saw-far' and means: A primitive root; properly to score with a mark as a tally or record, that is, (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively to recount, that is, celebrate: - commune, (ac-) count, declare, number, + penknife, recon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer,; (2) It was ONLY THE LEVITES who were allowed to be the Priests of Father YHVH. But, the Levites had gotten lazy, and, allowed others—the kenites and the nethinims—Strong’s Hebrew word number H5411 - Nathiyn, nathun, pronounced - naw-theen', or naw-thoon', and means: The second form is the proper form, as passive particle; from H5414; one given, that is,(in the plural only) the Nethinim, or Temple Servants (as given up to that duty): - Nethinims.; so, in other words, those given to service in the temple—to do the Levites chores. They—the Levites—also allowed them—the kenites and nethinims—to do other things as well, such as "write Father's Word," and later even become Priests as we can read in Ezra 8:15 And I gathered them together to the river that runneth to Ahava; and there abode we in tents three days: and I viewed the people, and the priests, and found there none of the sons of Levi., and also found in Nehemiah 10:28.
1:51-53 Tidings brought to Solomon.
I Kings 1:51 And it was told Solomon, saying, “Behold, Adonijah feareth king Solomon: for, lo, he hath caught hold on the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let king Solomon swear unto me to day that he will not slay his servant with the sword.’” -> We see that Adonijah has gained some wisdom, as, he is no longer claiming to be king of Israel, and, he even says, or, asks, that the king—Solomon—not slay his—Solomon's—servant: Adonijah; now rightfully recognizing each, for their respective positions.
Horns=Horns in Father’s Word is always representative of power, and here, Adonijah was calling on the power of the LORD to save his deceitful little mind.
I Kings 1:52 And Solomon said, “If he will shew himself a worthy man, there shall not an hair of him fall to the earth: but if wickedness shall be found in him, he shall die.” -> Solomon has compassion on his brother Adonijah, remember, he had seen his father—king David—have compassion on people in the kingdom as well, specifically, the Commanding General of the Israelite Army: Joab; who, had murdered Abner and Amasa, two other Captains of the Host, back in II Samuel 3:27 and 20:10, respectfully. David should have had Joab put to death for those two murders; however, because of his own murder of Bath-sheba's husband Uriah during his attempt to cover-up Bath-sheba's pregnancy by him: David, and his using Joab to accomplish this task, he did not execute Capital Punishment on Joab. Now, though worthy of death for treason, Solomon will allow his brother to live; so long as, Adonijah does not, try any more deceitfulness, or, runs on the throne. Something Adonijah will not live up to and it will ultimately cost him his life.
I Kings 1:53 So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and bowed himself to king Solomon: and Solomon said unto him, “Go to thine house.” -> Solomon has his royal guards—the Cherethites and Pelethites—go and fetch Adonijah from the temple where he is still holding onto the horns of the altar, until he has Solomon's promise to not slay him. They bring him before the king; who, then assures him that he will not have him put to death for his treasonous act, if he doesn't try any more shenanigans, and then he sends him home to his own house.