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                    II Samuel 21

II Samuel 20
saw Joab kill Amasa whom David had promoted over him back in II Samuel 19:13, while they were in pursuit of the man of belial - Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite, who had tried to start a revolt against David, after he had returned to Jerusalem. This Sheba had denounced, and, tried to convince all of the ten northern tribes to denounce, any, and, all part of the inheritance of Jesse, saying "We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel." Of course, we also learned while studying on this word "tents" that the kenite sopherim had been hard at work covering up the original statement of this word, as, in the Manuscripts, Sheba stated "every man to his gods, O Israel."

Anyway, after convincing everyone in the ten northern tribes to turn to their gods, he, himself, went on the run, fleeing for his life, with Joab, his brother Abishai, and the Israelite Army in hot pursuit. He came to the fortified city of Abel Beth-maachah in which he tried to hide himself, immediately upon their arrival, the Israelite Army began the besiegement of the city, when a woman popped her head up above the city wall asking Joab why he was laying siege to the city prior to first asking, or better put, offering that city the opportunity for peace. This woman became filled with Father's Holy Spirit and gave Joab a thorough Bible Study of the Law of Deuteronomy 20. After listening to the woman, Joab explained to her that the very reason he and the Army began their besiegement was, because, Sheba, a man who had lifted up his hand against the king - David, had fled inside their city walls, and, if the city would deliver him to him (Joab), then they would depart. The woman replied that if Joab would give her a minute, then he would see the head of this Sheba come flying over the wall.

The woman then turned to the people of the city "in her wisdom," meaning, that the Holy Spirit was upon her, and convinced the people of the city to effect swift judgment and punishment, the people complied and executed - by beheading, Sheba, and, true to her word, Sheba's head was tossed over the city wall to Joab, who then had his trumpeter blow his trumpet, signaling the retreat from the city, and return to their own homes.

This, then, brings up to II Samuel 21 where we'll read of David's continuing wars against the Philistines and the giants, as, there are still some giants remaining from when he first slew Goliath. These giants are some of Goliath's brothers. So, then, without further ado, let's get right to it - II Samuel 21:

2:1-24:25 KING DAVID. (Division)
5:1-24:25 The Kingdom. United.
5:1-24:25 KINGDOM UNITED. (Introversion with Alternations.)
21:1-14 David’s zeal.
21:1-14 DAVID’S ZEAL. (Introversion.)
21:1 The Land. God’s judgment on it.

II Samuel 21:1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David enquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered, “It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites.”   ->   Famine=This is one of thirteen (thirteen in Biblical Numerics denotes rebellion and, or, apostasy) famines mentioned in Father's Word: Genesis 12:10; 26:1; 41:54; Ruth 1:1; here in II Samuel 21:1; I Kings 18:2; II Kings 4:38; 7:4; 25:3; Nehemiah 5:3; Jeremiah 14:1; Luke 15:14 and Act 11:28.

As Dr. Bullinger points out in his Companion Bible, the year is approximately 932 B.C., thus making David about 58 years old.

The Gibeonites=This verse takes a little time to understand; so, let's take our time and dissect it and break it down to understand what Father is trying to show us. To begin with, we know that when the Israelites under Joshua first came into the Promised Land, we read in Joshua 9, that it was the inhabitants of Gibeon - i.e. the Hivites, in other words, those who were mating with the fallen angels - those Father told Joshua and the Israelites to utterly destroy - man, women and child. Who, when they had heard what Father and the Israelites had done to Jericho and Ai, that, they then worked wilily amongst themselves in order to appear to Joshua and the elders, that they had come from afar off, when in fact, they were in the next town over, and most likely, the next to be utterly destroyed. Anyway, they came into the Israelite camp and deceived Joshua and the elders of Israel to the point the Joshua and the elders made a league, a covenant with them that they wouldn't harm them; however, it was very quickly discovered after the pact had been made, just who these peoples were. The problem was, was, that the covenant was made and Joshua and the elders knew they couldn't go back on their word, or they would face the wrath of Father for breaking their word. They were truly in a bind, as, Father had commanded the Israelites to utterly destroy the Hivites, and when the Hivites came into the camp, Joshua and the elders didn't first seek Father or his counsel. So, Joshua and the elders made of these Hivites the hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of YHVH.

There is the background, so, now, let's come forward some, as, this verse says that Father brought about a famine on the land for three years because, "Saul and his bloody house...slew the Gibeonites." Nowhere by Chapter and Verse does Father's Word tell of this slaying of the Gibeonites by Saul and his bloody house, nowhere, except, in the parenthesis of the next verse. Though, since it is written of there, sometime during Saul's reign, he obviously attacked these Gibeonites, thereby, breaking the covenant which Joshua had made with them, which in turn, angered Father for their breaking their word to these Gibeonites. The whole problem began when Joshua and the elders disobeyed Father and did not utterly destroy them, and, then, didn't seek His counsel when they entered the camp to deceive Joshua.

So, again, sometime during Saul's reign, he and either the Israelite Army; or, he and his family attacked and slew quite a few of the Gibeonites; and, now, Father is stirring up the Gibeonites, so that they now seek revenge for what Saul and his house has done to them - as we're about to find out.

21:2-9 Saul’s sons.

II Samuel 21:2 And the king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.)   ->   So, after hearing from Father as to "the why" there is a famine in the land, David then goes to the source of the problem - the Gibeonites, to find out how he can remedy the situation.

Remember, the Gibeonites, i.e. the Amorites, Hivites; or, as they were more commonly known - the Canaanites, were not of the seed of Jacob, nor were they even of the seed of Abraham; however, they were descended from Lot, the nephew of Abraham.

II Samuel 21:3 Wherefore David said unto the Gibeonites, “What shall I do for you? and wherewith shall I make the atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of the LORD?”   ->   Upon arriving before the Gibeonites, David immediately gets to the point - he asks them: how can I appease you and atone for this grievous sin, in order that, I may be pleasing to our God - YHVH, so, that, He in turn, will continue bestowing His Blessing upon us, His Chosen People?

Now, why David didn't continue his seeking Father's counsel; but, turned to the Gibeonites to get his answer, that befuddles the mind; however, that's what he did.

II Samuel 21:4 And the Gibeonites said unto him, “We will have no silver nor gold of Saul, nor of his house; neither for us shalt thou kill any man in Israel.” And he said, “What ye shall say, that will I do for you.”   ->   The Gibeonites tell David that they don't want any of the Israelites money, nor do they want the Israelites to slay any of their people - they want the satisfaction of doing the killing themselves. So, David presses them a little further and says, well then, what can we do to expiate this sin?

II Samuel 21:5 And they answered the king, “The man that consumed us, and that devised against us that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the coasts of Israel,   ->   First off, notice the comma at the end of this verse, meaning it continues into the next verse.

The man that consumed us=Of course "that man" was Saul, the very one who broke the Israelite covenant with these Gibeonites, or, more directly, since the covenant was made in Father's name - Father's covenant.

That we should be destroyed from remaining in the coasts of Israel=Here the Gibeonites are telling David many hundreds of years earlier the covenant was made in which our grandfathers and all our people would be allowed to live amongst the Israelites forever; but, Saul tried to break that covenant and wipe us out.

The Gibeonites continue:

II Samuel 21:6 Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, whom the LORD did choose.” And the king said, “I will give them.”   ->   Sons=This doesn't necessarily mean Saul's direct sons, it also includes any make descendant of Saul's, including his grandsons and great grandsons.

Hang them up=In the Hebrew, this word is yaw-kah' and means "to impale (and thus allow to drop to pieces by rotting)," so, in other words, these Gibeonites want to impale, or, stake-out seven of Saul's sons in order that all the Israelites see what happens if you break your word to the Gibeonites. Now, I, the author of this site would normally say - nope, don't do this; however, go back and re-read verse v21:1 above and see that this is Father's doing, for Saul breaking His covenant. Remember, this Chapter started out by saying there was a famine in the land for three years, and David enquired of Father as to "why?"

I will give them=David rightfully enquired of Father to find out why there was a famine; however, his error was in that after finding out the "why," he then didn't continue with his enquiring of Father as to how to remedy this, instead, he turned to man - the Gibeonites, to seek a remedy. Remember, he had also promised that he would always take care of those of Saul's house; but, now, he is going against his own word and turning these descendants of Saul's over to these Gibeonites.

Several things to pay attention to here brethren, we have read and therefore witnessed (even if it is in hindsight) David's judgment slipping over the course of the past several years of his reign, he just doesn't seem to be as close to Father as he once was. Now this doesn't mean he's a bad king or man, if anything, it does show his human side and why it is so critical for us too to always include Father in our major decisions; but, here David just isn't where he once was in his standing with Father. I will say though, again, we read at the beginning of this Chapter, in verse v21:1 that there is a famine in the land and it has now been going on for three years. A famine lasting this long could literally cost, or consume many lives, so, David just might have considered that in his equation to give Saul's descendants over to these Gibeonites.

II Samuel 21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD'S oath that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.   ->   As we see, David is about to turn-over some of Saul's descendants; however, Jonathan's son Mephibosheth will not be one of them, this honors the love and friendship which Jonathan and David had for each other.

II Samuel 21:8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah (a hot stone or live coal) the daughter of Aiah (the screamer, that is a hawk; or, clamor), whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni (palatial; or, inhabitant of a fortress) and Mephibosheth (dispeller of shame [that is baal]; or, exterminator of shame); and the five sons of Michal (who is like YAH; or, rivulet) the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel (flock of YAH) the son of Barzillai (iron hearted) the Meholathite:   ->   Don’t let this confuse you, as, we know we read in the last verse of II Samuel 6 that Michal, because of her worship of other, false gods, and, her despising David for his dancing while bringing the Ark of YHVH to Jerusalem, that she had no children: II Samuel 6:23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.   ->   The Massorah and Syriac both read this verse here in v21:8 as “Merab,” Michal’s sister whom Saul initially promised to David. We also see, since as this verse here, v21:8, reads, that, Michal was supposedly married to “Adriel of Meholathire,” let’s turn back and read who Merab married back in I Samuel 18:19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.   ->   So, these five sons were Merab’s, and not Michal’s.

Rizpah=Concubine to King Saul, and mother of his two sons Armoni and Mephibosheth. The tragic story of the love and endurance with which she watched over the bodies of her two sons, who were killed by the Gibeonites, II Samuel 21:8-11 has made Rizpah one of the most familiar objects in the whole Bible..

Aiah=Father of Rizpah, the concubine of Saul II Samuel 3:7 and here in II Samuel 21:10-11..

Armoni=The first-named of the two sons of Saul and Rizpah. He was delivered up to the Gibeonites by David, and hanged by them II Samuel 21:8-9..

Mephibosheth=The second of Saul's sons by Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, his concubine II Samuel 21:8. He and his brother Armoni were among the seven victims who were surrendered by David to the Gibeonites, and by them crucified--"hanged on a hill before the Lord” and their bodies exposed to the sun--to avert a famine from which the country was suffering..

Michal=The younger of Saul's two daughters by his wife Ahinoam I Samuel 14:49-50. "Attracted by the graces of his person and the gallantry of his conduct, she fell in love with David and became his wife" I Samuel 18:20-28. She showed her affection for him by promoting his escape to Naioth when Saul sought his life I Samuel 19:12-17, with which we can compare Psalms 59. After this she did not see David for many years. Meanwhile she was given in marriage to another man, Phalti or Phaltiel of Gallim I Samuel 25:44, but David afterwards formally reclaimed her as his lawful wife II Samuel 3:13-16. The relation between her and David soon after this was altered. They became alienated from each other. This happened on that memorable day when the ark was brought up in great triumph from its temporary resting-place to the Holy City. In David's conduct on that occasion she saw nothing but a needless humiliation of the royal dignity I Chronicles 15:29. She remained childless, and thus the races of David and Saul were not mixed. In II Samuel 21:8 her name again occurs, but the name Merab should probably be here substituted for Michal (Compare I Samuel 18:19)..

Adriel=The son of Barzillai, the Meholathite, to whom Saul gave in marriage his daughter Merab I Samuel 18:19, although he had previously promised her to David. His five sons which sprang up from this union were amongst the seven descendants of Saul whom David surrendered to and put to death by the Gibeonites II Samuel 21:8. Here it is said that Michal "brought up" [RSV, "bare"] these five sons, either that she treated them as if she had been their own mother, or that for "Michal" we should read "Merab," as in  I Samuel 18:19..

Barzillai=A Meholathite, the father of Adriel who married Michal, Saul's daughter II Samuel 21:8..

Meholathite=A word occurring only twice—I Samuel 18:19 and II Samuel 21:8. It no doubt denotes that Adriel belonged to a place called Meholah..

II Samuel 21:9 And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before the LORD: and they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest.   ->   These seven descendants of Saul's were all staked-out - hung on a stake until they died, and then left hanging there for all to see. The time of year was during the harvesting of barley, or, poor-man's wheat. This assists in understanding that the famine was truly wreaking havoc on the land and the people, as they were forced to eat only the barley as there was no good grain or wheat because of the drought. Barley is harvested in mid-April of our time. This is important because of what one of the mothers does following the death of her sons.

21:10-11 Rizpah. Mourning.

II Samuel 21:10 And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her upon the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water dropped upon them out of heaven, and suffered neither the birds of the air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by night.   ->   Israelite law dictated that when they hung somebody, their dead body was to be taken down before sun-down - as we know happened when they crucified Jesus; however, here we see that they are leaving the dead bodies hang on the stake until the drought ends.

One of the most degrading things that an individual could suffer was to be killed and be left for the birds and the wild beasts of the field to feed on the dead carcass, and, as I just pointed out, the law was that if someone was executed, that the body was taken down and buried before the end of the day. However, the Gibeonites on the other hand, after they had killed these sons of Saul, allowed the bodies to hang there in to open for the birds and the wild beasts to feed upon them. This was done to show their disgust for Saul and his family for the great torment that he caused their people.

However, likewise also, these Gibeonites did allow this mother to come there by her hanging sons, and place the sackcloth, and to stay by her sons to keep the wild animals and birds from feeding off her sons. Josephus wrote that the rains started immediately, however, that record was not true as given in the Massorah text, because the rains didn’t come for some time afterwards. The exact number of days isn’t known because, there is no written record of when the rains did actually come. But Rizpah stayed there on that rock and was true to her commitment to her dead sons. She guarded those dead bodies, in this we can see the love which Rizpah had for her sons.

II Samuel 21:11 And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.   ->   Hearing of the love which Rizpah had for Saul's family, pleased David, as we'll see by what he does next - he'll go and gather the remaining of Saul and his family's body's and bury them all together in one place.

21:12-14 Saul’s sons. Recovery of bones.

II Samuel 21:12 And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabesh-gilead, which had stolen them from the street of Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa:   ->   David went and took the bones of Saul...=Where were these bones? Let’s go back and review the last few verses of the ending of the last Chapter I Samuel 31, to find out: I Samuel 31:9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in  the house of their idols, and among the people.   ->   They cut off his head=His head being Saul’s, and, as we know, the Philistines abused his dead carcass, something he was truly afraid they would do. What did they do next? [31:10] And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth-shan.   ->   So, the Philistines put Saul's head and armour - in the house of ashtaroth, his body on the other hand; was hung, and, fastened, to a wall in Beth-shan. Then what happened? [31:11] And when the inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead (these are Israelites – Benjamites to be exact) heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul;   ->   Remember, Saul was from the Tribe of Benjamin, so these people of Jabesh-gilead are Saul's relatives. [31:12] All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth-shan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there.   ->   The Benjamites of Jabesh-gilead went to Beth-shan and gathered the bones of Saul and his sons and brought them back to Jabesh. [31:13] And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.   ->   After burning their desecrated, dead bodies, the men of Jabesh-gilead took Saul and his son's remains and buried them under a tree in Jabesh. So, as we see, David went and got the bodies from the Benjamites - Saul's relatives.

II Samuel 21:13 And he brought up from thence the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son; and they gathered the bones of them that were hanged.  ->   The bones of them that were hanged=The seven which were hanged here in this Chapter by the Gibeonites, along with the bones of Saul and Jonathan.

21:14 The land. God intreated for it.

II Samuel 21:14 And the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son buried they in the country of Benjamin in Zelah (a rib; or, a slope), in the sepulchre of Kish his father: and they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was intreated for the land.   ->   After David had gathered and then buried all the bones of Saul, Jonathan, Saul's two sons of his concubine Rizpah and his five grandsons, then the rains came and the famine was ended. Saul's sin was expiated and the Israelites could once again be in good standing with Father. The lesson that we should take from this, is this: if we make a vow, it is important that we keep that vow. We saw that the vow which was made during the time of Joshua’s leading the Israelites, the vow of Joshua 9:15, which was between Israel and the Gibeonites, had not included Father, nor was His counsel even considered prior to Joshua and the elders committing to that vow. However, after the vow was made, Father expected His people to honor that vow. This is important for us, because it shows us that before we make promises, it is important to consider the vow in light of the Scriptures, and pray about it before we enter into a commitment which then locks us into something that Father is against. This especially applies to vows concerning peace agreements and accords.

Zelah=A city in the allotment of Benjamin Joshua 18:28, which contained the family tomb of Kish, the father of Saul, and where Saul and his son Jonathan were buried II Samuel 21:14. It was probably Saul's birthplace [Perhaps the same as ZELZAH ]..

With the burying of Saul and his sons behind them, we change subjects here, and, again, find Israel at war against their nemesis - the Philistines. Another account of these wars and Israel's heroic actions against the giants, can also be found in I Chronicles 20:4-8.

21:15-22 Wars and events.
21:15-22 WARS AND EVENTS. (Repeated Alternation.)
21:15 War with Philistines.

II Samuel 21:15 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint.   ->  The Philistines had yet war again with Israel=These wars are recorded in historical accounts to have taken place between the years 930-923 B.C..

And David waxed faint=David is now approximately 60 years old, remember, David died when he was 70 years old, therefore he is only 10 years away from his returning Home to Father.

21:16-17 Giant (Ishbi-benob). Slain by Abishai.

II Samuel 21:16 And Ishbi-benob (his dwelling (is) in nob; or, my seat at nob), which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain David.   ->   Giant=Rapha; or, rephaim, which of course came into being when the fallen angels who refused to be born of woman; but, instead came to this Age and mated with flesh women. This is first recorded in Genesis 6 and then many times throughout the Old Testament, Dr. Bullinger in his Companion Bible has a wonderful work on this in two separate chapters: 23 and 25.

Whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass=This Ishbi-benob was obviously much smaller than Goliath, as, we read back in I Samuel 17, that, Goliath's spear weighed twice as much - coming in at 600 shekels of brass.

Thought to have slain=This Ishbi-benob either thought to himself that he should go and fight and kill David or, he told others that he was going to do so, in either case, he probably recognized David as the man who slew Goliath, and, now thought to exact revenge upon him.

Ishbi-benob=Son of Rapha, one of the race (Rephaim) of Philistine giants, whose spear was three hundred shekels in weight, who attacked David in battle, but was slain by Abishai II Samuel 21:16-17..

II Samuel 21:17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, “Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.”   ->   Abishai...succoured him=David's nephew Abishai, a very much battle-tested, hardened warrior, upon seeing this Ishbi-benob coming toward his uncle - the king, stepped in front of this giant, between he and David, and killed him.

After saving his uncle's life, all the other warriors then came together to tell David that, this was his last battle, he  can no more join in, he must now stay behind and allow his Army to take care of business.

Light of Israel=A beautiful saying of David, as, it will be through his loins that The Light of the  World - The Messiah, Jesus Christ will be born.

21:18 Battle at Gob.
21:18 Giant (Saph). Slain by Sibbechai.

II Samuel 21:18 And it came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob (pit; or, cistern): then Sibbechai (corpse like; or, a weaver, or, the LORD sustains) the Hushathite slew Saph (tall; or, extension), which was of the sons of the giant.   ->   As I stated in the notes of verse 21:16 above, that the fallen angels came in and mated with flesh women as recorded in Genesis 6. This was the first influx of them coming to this Age, Father destroyed their offspring - the giants with the flood of Noah. There was a second influx which happened as is first recorded of in Genesis 12:6, when Father told Abram (before Father changed his name to Abraham) that He was going to give him and his offspring the land of Canaan; but, first He was going to move him and then later, his offspring, down to Egypt for 400 years was, so, that, the iniquity of the Amorites could be fulfilled as we rad of in Genesis 15:16 - in other words, Father was going to allow this influxual mating between the fallen angels and the Amorites to continue, until He was ready to bring the Israelites up, out of Egypt and then destroy them with the Sword of Israel. Brethren, there'll be a third influx which can be read in Matthew 24:38 and Luke 17:26-27.

Gob=Some codices, with two early editions read "Nob," while, some scholars think this is "Gath," while yet scholars, think this is "Gezer," of which I agree, as, I Chronicles 20:4 backs these scholars and I up on this: I Chronicles 20:4 (And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the giant: and they were subdued.   ->   Notice the parenthesis which begins here in I Chronicles 20:4 and continues through the end of the Chapter.

Sibbechai=This Sibbechai was one of the captains over many men in David's Army, and we can read of this in I Chronicles 27: I Chronicles 27:1 Now the children of Israel after their number, to wit, the chief fathers and captains of thousands and hundreds, and their officers that served the king in any matter of the courses, which came in and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, of every course were twenty and four thousand.   ->   Skip down with me to verse v27:11: [27:11] The eighth captain for the eighth month was Sibbecai the Hushathite, of the Zarhites: and in his course were twenty and four thousand.   ->   So, as we see, the reason this Sibbecai is captain over many men is, because, he is a mighty warrior, hence is slaying of this giant Sippai.

Gob=A place mentioned only in II Samuel 21:18-19 as the scene of two encounters between David's warriors and the Philistines. In the parallel account in (I Chronicles 20:14) the name is given as GEZER..

Sibbechai=One of David's guard and heroes, and eighth captain for the eighth month of 24,000 men of the king's). He belonged to one of the principal families of Judah, the Zarhites or the descendants of Zerah, and is called "the Hushathite," probably from the place of his birth. Sibbechai's great exploit, which gave him a place among the mighty men of David's army, was his single combat with Saph or Sippai, tire Philistine giant, in the battle at, Gezer or Gob II Samuel 21:18; I Chronicles 20:4. Could also even be who was called also Mebunnai II Samuel 23:27..

Hushathite=The designation of two of the heroes of David's guard. Sibbechai II Samuel 21:18; I Chronicles 11:29; 20:4; and 27:11. Josephus, however, called him a Hittite. Hebunnai II Samuel 23:27, whose name in that verse is but a mere corruption of Sibbechai..

Saph=One of the sons of the giant slain by Sibbechai the Hushathite II Samuel 21:18. In I Chronicles 20:4 he is called SIPPAI ..

21:19 Battle at Gob.
21:19 Giant (brother of Goliath). Slain by Elhanan.

II Samuel 21:19 And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan (YAH (is) gracious; or, whom YAH has graciously bestowed) the son of Jaare-oregim (woods of the weavers; or, forest of the weavers), a Beth-lehemite (house of bread), slew the brother of Goliath (splendor; or, exile) the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.   ->   This can be compared with I chronicles 20:5: [20:5] And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff was like a weaver's beam.   ->   We see that here in I Samuel 21:19 that the words "the brother of" Goliath, are in italics, meaning that they had been added by the translators of the KJV here in this verse, and they most likely added them to align with I Chronicles 20.

Staff whose spear was like a weavers beam=This would make the length approximately 26 feet long. This thing had to be longer than most lances that the mounted knights used in their jousting. Notice it doesn't say how thick this spear's shaft was; but, my bet, is, that, since Goliath was as large as he was, it too had to be fairly hefty to fit comfortably in his hand.

Elhanan=A distinguished warrior in the time of David who performed memorable and famed exploits against the Philistines II Samuel 21:19 and I Chronicles 20:5. In the Authorized Version II Samuel 21:19 it is recorded that this "Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, a Beth-lehemite, slew the brother of Goliath;" however, the Revised Version here incorrectly omitted the words "the brother of." They were introduced in the Authorized Version to bring this passage into agreement with I Chronicles 20:5, where it is said that he "slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath." Goliath the Gittite was killed by David in I Samuel 17. The exploit of Elhanan took place late in David's reign..

Jaare-oregim=A Beth-lehemite II Samuel 21:19, and the father of Elhanan who slew Goliath. In the parallel passage I Chronicles 20:5, he is identified as Jair, instead of Jaare, and Oregim is omitted..

Beth-lehemite=Someone descended from Beth-lehem - (1) A city in the "hill country" of Judah, it is one of the oldest towns in Palestine, already in existence at the time of Jacob’s return to the country. It was originally called EPHRATH or EPHRATAH Genesis 35:16; 35:19; 48:7; and Ruth 4:11. It was also called Beth-lehem Ephratah Micah 5:2, Beth-lehem-Judah I Samuel 17:12, and "the city of David" Luke 2:4. It is first noticed in Scripture as the place where Rachel died and was buried "by the wayside," directly to the north of the city Genesis 48:7. It was the home of Ruth Ruth 1:19, and of David I Samuel 17:12. The book of Ruth is a page from the domestic history of Bethlehem. The valley to the east was the scene of the story of Ruth the Moabitess. There are the fields in which she gleaned, and the path by which she and Naomi returned to the town. Here was David's birth-place, and here also, in after years, he was anointed as king by Samuel I Samuel 16:4-13; and it was from the well of Bethlehem that three of his heroes brought water for him at the risk of their lives when he was in the cave of Adullam II Samuel 23:13-17. It was fortified by Rehoboam in II Chronicles 11:6. But it was distinguished above every other city as the birth-place of "Him whose goings forth have been of old" Matthew 2:6; with which we can compare with Micah 5:2,and it was here that our Lord was born Matthew 2:1, and here that he was visited by the shepherds in Luke 2:15-17, and the Magi in Matthew 2. Afterwards Herod, "when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men," sent and slew "all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under" Matthew 2:16-2:18.. (2)  Bethlehem bears the modern name of Beit-Lahm, i.e., "house of flesh" and lies to the east of the main road from Jerusalem to Hebron, six miles from the former. It covers the east and northeast parts of the ridge of a long gray hill of Jura limestone, which stands nearly due east and west, and is about a mile in length. The hill has a deep valley on the north and another on the south. On the top lies the village in a kind of irregular triangle. The population is about 3000 souls, entirely Christians.. (3) There is a church still existing, built by Constantine the Great and his mother (A.D. 330), called the "Church of the Nativity," over a grotto or cave called the "holy crypt," and said to be the "stable" in which Jesus was born. This is perhaps the oldest existing Christian church in the world. Close to it is another grotto, where Jerome the Latin father is said to have spent thirty years of his life in translating the Scriptures into Latin. (See VERSION .). (4) A city of Zebulun, mentioned only in Joshua 19:15. Now Beit-Lahm, a ruined village about 6 miles west-north-west of Nazareth..

Gittite=A native of the Philistine city of Gath..

21:20 Battle at Gath.
21:20-21 Giant. Slain by Jonathan.

II Samuel 21:20 And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.   ->   Had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes=What we can see here is a hybrid deformity caused by mixing and mating of the fallen angels with flesh women, much the same as when incestuous relationships continue generation after generation. We can again compare this with I Chronicles 20:6: [20:6] And yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of great stature, whose fingers and toes were four and twenty, six on each hand, and six on each foot: and he also was the son of the giant..

II Samuel 21:21 And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea the brother of David slew him.   ->   [20:7] But when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea David's brother slew him.   ->   This hybrid deformed giant thought his "great stature" would be enough for him to defeat any and all challengers, much the way Goliath thought he could as well, until he came up against young David - one who trusted in, and put his faith in - Father. Much like his uncle David, and that is who this Jonathan was, a nephew of David's, born to his older brother Shimea. We see in this, that, though his older brothers didn't trust in Father when they faced Goliath, seeing and hearing of David's great feats, has instilled courage in their sons.

21:22 End of war.

II Samuel 21:22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.   ->   [20:8] These were born unto the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants).   ->   These four=These four giants were born in the Philistine Capital of Gath, the same city Goliath was from.

So, we see there were many more giants than just Goliath, a whole family of them. They were deformed as we consider human life, both in physical form, and in moral condition. David and the Israelite Army slew more than one giant for first he and then they knew that Father was with them.

The lesson we can take away from this today, is, that, if Father is with you, and you use common sense, then, you too can overcome many problems and difficulties - i.e. the giants of our day. When you lay back and sleep for a moment, the result can bring much trouble your way. However that would be your fault and not the Father's. God expects us to be obedient to His Word, and have discipline to our lives.




Jan 2014
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