|* The Scribes
Two thousand years ago, when our Father walked His earth in the flesh as His only begotten Son — Jesus, there were many days and times when He encountered and came against the dogma of the church — i.e., the chief priest, the pharisees, the sadducees, the scribes and the elders. So, just who were these church leaders, and why did our Lord contend with them? What was it about them, that He countered what they taught? Were they from the Levitical priesthood as they were supposed to be? Were they actually who they claimed to be? Remember, He was and is God in the flesh; therefore, He knew who they were; and, He wanted us to know as well. But, sadly, how many Christians truly research and dig into Father's Word to find out who they were, and the reason Jesus did contend with them every day?
We'll pick on one — “the scribes,” in this topical Study. Jesus dedicated an entire chapter to countering them in the Gospel of Matthew. It is the same truth today, as it was written then in Matthew 23. In many verses in this Chapter He states — “Woe unto you, scribes...” So, let us do a little digging and find out as much about them as we can.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: “Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You Oh LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your Understanding of Your Word, we seek Your Knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen.”
The word scribe in the Old Testament in the Strong's Concordance is Hebrew word number: H5608, - ספר, - Saphar, pronounced - saw-far', and means: a primitive root; properly to score with a mark as a tally or record, that is, (by implication) to inscribe, and also to enumerate; intensively to recount, that is, celebrate: - commune, (ac-) count, declare, number, + penknife, reckon, scribe, shew forth, speak, talk, tell (out), writer.. Our modern word “grammar” comes from the Greek in the New Testament, and in the Strong's Concordance it is Greek word number: G1122, - γραμματεύς, - grammateus, pronounced - gram-mat-yooce', and means: a writer, that is (professionally) scribe or secretary: - scribe, town-clerk..
As quoted from the Smith's Bible Dictionary we find: “Scribes (Heb. sopherim). I. Name. — (1) Three meanings are connected with the verb saphar, the root of sopherim — (a) to write, (b) to set in order, (c) to count. The explanation of the word has been referred to each of these. The sopherim were so called because they wrote out the law, or because they classified and arranged its precepts, or because they counted with scrupulous minuteness every clause and letter it contained. (2) The name of Kirjath-sepher, Josh. 15:15; Judges 1:12, may possibly connect itself with some early use of the title, and appears to point to military functions of some kind. Judges 5:14. The men are mentioned as filling the office of scribe under David and Solomon. 2 Sam. 8:17; 20:25; 1 Kings 4:3. We may think of them as the king's secretaries, writing his letters, drawing up his decrees, managing his finances. Compare 2 Kings 12:10. In Hezekiah's time they transcribed old records, and became a class of students and interpreters of the law, boasting of their wisdom. Jer. 8:8. After the captivity, the office became more prominent as the exiles would be anxious above all things to preserve the sacred books, the laws, the hymns, the prophecies of the past. II. Development of doctrine. — Of the scribes of this period with the exception of Ezra and Zadok, Nehemiah 13:13, we have no record. A latter age honored them collectively as the men of the great synagogue. Never, perhaps, was so important a work done so silently. (My note here — There is a reason that “of the scribes of this period with the exception of Ezra and Zadok Nehemiah 13:13, we have no record,” it is because “the scribes” (those that were not of the House of Levi) were behind the scenes scribing Father's word, and they didn't want themselves to be seen\known; because, if it had been known who they were, people would then recognize the differences\ errors in Father's Word, and would then see where the truth had been hidden or changed. Therefore, careful attention to the scriptures must be given. Dr. Smith's work was completed many years ago, and as such, I must add that Ezra was a priest, Zadok a high priest, and both Ezra and Nehemiah, although scribes, and of the house of Levi, were not “the scribes” as mentioned here by Dr. Smith) They devoted themselves to the careful study of the text, and laid down rules for transcribing it with the most scrupulous precision. As time passed on (pay attention here, I bolded, and in some cases even underlined, these next few lines from the Smith's Bible Dictionary to help bring to light what was going on at the time; which gives partial proof to what I am saying because the true Levites would not have committed these things) “the words of the scribes” were honored above the law. It was a greater crime to offend against them than against the law. The first step was taken toward annulling the commandments of God for the sake of their own traditions Mark 7:13. The casuistry became at once subtle and prurient, evading the plainest duties, tampering with conscience Matthew 15:1-6; 23:16-23. We can therefore understand why they were constantly denounced by our Lord along with the Pharisees.” (For a better understanding of why our LORD consistently denounced them, read all of Matthew 23. I'll bring in some here: Jesus is speaking in Matthew 23:29 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, —> Hypocrites=The word “hypocrite” in the Greek means “play actor.” Why would Jesus call these scribes play actors? Because they claim to be somebody they are NOT! Let's look at Revelation 2:9 I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty (but thou art rich), and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan. and again in Revelation 3:9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee. —> So in other words, they claim to be of the tribe of Judah but are not, they are the offspring of Satan. [23:30] And say, ‘If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.’ [23:31] Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets. [23:32] Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. [23:33] Ye serpents, ye generation (the word generation in the Greek as used here means “offspring”) of vipers (yes, they ARE THE OFFSPRING OF “THE SERPENT” Christ would not lie, or call somebody something they are not,) how can ye escape the damnation of hell? [23:34] Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: (real scribes, not the non-Levite) and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: (some of this verse has yet to be fulfilled, see Matthew 24:9) [23:35] That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, (LISTEN) from the blood of righteous Able (who was it that killed Able? Cain did — the patriarch of these scribes) unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the Temple and the altar. [23:36] Verily I say unto you, “All these things shall come upon this generation.” —> Offspring.
So, now that we have learned a little of these scribes, we need to ask ourselves, where did they come from, where and when did these peoples come into contact with the Israelites, and how did they then come into contact with the priesthood? It all stems from Joshua 9. After Moses returned Home to Father, Joshua took over the leadership role of the House of Israel, and within a few months as can be read in Joshua 9, the questions start to get answered, let's turn there and read it:
Joshua 9:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings which were on this side Jordan (descender), in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon ([the]white mountain [from its snow]) (Leb-aw-nohn’), the Hittite (khit-tee'), and the Amorite (in the sense of publicity, that is, prominence; thus a mountaineer; or (dwellers on the summits, mountaineers) (em-o-ree'), the Canaanite (peddler) ( ken-ah-an-ee'), the Perizzite (Belonging to a village ) (per-iz-zee’), the Hivite (a villager; or, villagers) (khiv-vee'), and the Jebusite (yeb-oo-see'), heard thereof; —> And it came to pass=This was only a short time after the defeat of Jericho by the Israelites, and then, Achan taking the accursed thing — that babylonian priest's robe which got Israel the shellacking they took by Ai. Of course, Father allowed that to transpire because of Achan, and also because neither Joshua, nor the high priest: Eleazar, had consulted Father as to whether He wanted them to go against Ai to begin with.
But now, these six kings of the Canaanite nations—the Canaanite nation was made up from the sons of Noah's son Canaan, they were: Sidon his firstborn, Heth, the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgasite, the Hivite, the Arkite, the Sinite, the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite, as can be read in Genesis 10:15-18—are gathering themselves together to come against Israel in order to try to defeat Israel and wipe them out.
Jordan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3383, - ירדּן, - yardên, pronounced - yar-dane', and means: From H3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine: - Jordan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The one river of Palestine, has a course of little more than 200 miles, from the roots of Anti-Lebanon to the head of the Dead Sea. (136 miles in a straight line. --Schaff.) It is the river of the "great plain" of Palestine --the "descender," if not "the river of God" in the book of Psalms, at least that of his chosen people throughout their history. There were fords over against Jericho, to which point the men of Jericho pursued the spies Joshua 2:7, with which we can compare with Judges 3:28. Higher up where the fords or passages of Bethbarah, where Gideon lay in wait for the Midianites Judges 7:24, and where the men of Gilead slew the Ephraimites Judges 12:6. These fords undoubtedly witnessed the first recorded passage of the Jordan in the Old Testament Genesis 32:10. Jordan was next crossed, over against Jericho, by Joshua Joshua 4:12,13. From their vicinity to Jerusalem the lower fords were much used. David, it is probable, passed over them in one instance to fight the Syrians II Samuel 10:17;17:22. Thus there were two customary places at which the Jordan was fordable; and it must have been at one of these, if not at both, that baptism was afterward administered by St. John and by the disciples of our Lord. Where our Lord was baptized is not stated expressly, but it was probably at the upper ford. These fords were rendered so much more precious in those days from two circumstances. First, it does not appear that there were then any bridges thrown over or boats regularly established on the Jordan; and secondly, because "Jordan overflowed all his banks all the time of harvest" Joshua 3:15. The channel or bed of the river became brimful, so that the level of the water and of the banks was then the same. (Dr. Selah Merrill, in his book "Galilee in the Time of Christ" (1881), says, "Near Tarichaea, just below the point where the Jordan leaves the lake (of Galilee), there was (in Christ's time) a splendid bridge across the river, supported by ten piers." --ED.) The last feature which remains to be noticed in the scriptural account of the Jordan is its frequent mention as a boundary: "over Jordan," "this" and "the other side," or "beyond Jordan," were expressions as familiar to the Israelites as "across the water," "this" and "the other side of the Channel" are to English ears. In one sense indeed, that is, in so far as it was the eastern boundary of the land of Canaan, it was the eastern boundary of the promised land Numbers 34:12. The Jordan rises from several sources near Panium (Banias ), and passes through the lakes of Merom (Huleh) and Gennesaret. The two principal features in its course are its descent and its windings. From its fountain heads to the Dead Sea it rushes down one continuous inclined plane, only broken by a series of rapids or precipitous falls. Between the Lake of Gennesaret and the Dead Sea there are 27 rapids. The depression of the Lake of Gennesaret below the level of the Mediterranean Isaiah 653 feet, and that of the Dead Sea 1316 feet. (The whole descent from its source to the Dead Sea Isaiah 3000 feet. Its width varies from 45 to 180 feet, and it is from 3 to 12 feet deep. -Schaff.) Its sinuosity is not so remarkable in the upper part of its course. The only tributaries to the Jordan below Gennesaret are the Yarmuk (Hieromax) and the Zerka (Jabbok). Not a single city ever crowned the banks of the Jordan. Still Bethshan and Jericho to the west, Gerasa, Pella and Gadara to the east of it were important cities, and caused a good deal of traffic between the two opposite banks. The physical features of the Ghor, through which the Jordan flows, are treated of under PALESTINE.”.
Lebanon=First from the Strong'S Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3844, - לבנון, - lebânôn, pronounced - leb-aw-nohn', and means: From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine: - Lebanon.,and now from the Smith's Bible Dictionary:“A mountain range in the north of Palestine. The name Lebanon signifies white, and was applied either on account of snow which, during a great part of the year, cover its whole summit, or on account of the white color of its limestone cliffs and peaks. It is the "white mountain" -- the Mont Blane of Palestine. Lebanon is represented in Scripture as lying upon the northern border of the land of Israel Deuteronomy 1:7; 11:24; Joshua 1:4. Two distinct ranges bear this name. They run in parallel lines from southwest to northeast for about 90 geographical miles, enclosing between them a long, fertile valley from five to eight miles wide, anciently called Coele-Syria . The western range is the "Libanus" of the old geographers and the Lebanon of Scripture. The eastern range was called "Anti-Libanus" by geographers, and "Lebanon toward the sunrising" by the sacred writers Joshua 13:5. Lebanon--the western range--commences on the south of the deep ravine of the Litany , the ancient river Leontes, which drains the valley of Cole-Syria, and falls into the Mediterranean five miles north of Tyre. It runs northeast in a straight line parallel to the coast, to the opening from the Mediterranean into the plain of Emesa, called in Scripture the "entrance of Hamath" Numbers 34:8. Here Nehr el-Kebir--the ancient river Eleutherus-- sweeps round its northern end, as the Leontes does round its southern. The average elevation of the range is from 6000 to 8000 feet; but two peaks rise considerably higher. On the summits of both these peaks the snow remains in patches during the whole summer. The line of cultivation runs along at the height of about 6000 feet; and below this the features of the western slopes are entirely different. The rugged limestone banks are scantily clothed with the evergreen oak, and the sandstone with pines; while every available spot is carefully cultivated. The cultivation is wonderful, and shows what all Syria might be if under a good government. Fig trees cling to the naked rock; vines are trained along narrow ledges; long ranges of mulberries, on terraces like steps of stairs, cover the more gentle declivities; and dense groves of olives fill up the bottoms of the glens. Hundreds of villages are seen-- here built among labyrinths of rocks, there clinging like among labyrinths of rocks, there clinging like swallows' nests to the sides of cliffs; while convents, no less numerous, are perched on the top of every peak. The vine is still largely cultivated in every part of the mountain. Lebanon also abounds in olives, figs and mulberries; while some remnants exist of the forests of pine, oak and cedar which formerly covered it I Kings 5:6; Ezra 3:7; Psalms 29:5; Isaiah 14:8. Considerable numbers of wild beasts still inhabit its retired glens and higher peaks; the writer has seen jackals, hyaenas, wolves, bears and panthers II Kings 14:9; Song of Solomon 4:8; Habakkuk 2:17. Along the base of Lebanon runs the irregular plain of Phoenicia --nowhere more than two miles wide, and often interrupted by bold rocky spurs that dip into the sea. The main ridge of Lebanon is composed of Jura limestone, and abounds in fossils. Long belts of more recent sandstone run along the western slopes, which are in places largely impregnated with iron. Lebanon was originally inhabited by the Hivites and Giblites Joshua 13:5-6; Judges 3:3. The whole mountain range was assigned to the Israelites, but was never conquered by them Joshua 13:2-6; Judges 3:1-3. During the Jewish monarchy it appears to have been subject of the Phoenicians I Kings 5:2-6; Ezra 3:7. From the Greek conquest until modern times Lebanon had no separate history. Anti-Libanus. --The main chain of Anti-Libanus commences in the plateau of Bashan, near the parallel of Caesarea Philippi, runs north to Hermon, and then northeast in a straight line till it stinks down into the great plain of Emesa, not far from the site of Riblah. Hermon is the loftiest peak; the next highest is a few miles north of the site of Abila, beside the village of Bludan , and has an elevation of about 7000 feet. The rest of the ridge averages about 5000 feet; it is in general bleak and barren, with shelving gray declivities, gray cliffs and gray rounded summits. Here and there we meet with thin forests of dwarf oak and juniper. The western slopes descend abruptly into the Buka'a; but the features of the eastern are entirely different. Three side ridges here radiate from Hermon, like the ribs of an open fan, and form the supporting walls of three great terraces. Anti-Libanus is only once distinctly mentioned in Scripture, where it is accurately described as "Lebanon toward the sunrising" Joshua 13:5.”.
The Hittite=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word Number: H2850, - חתּי, - chittı̂y, pronounced - khit-tee', and means: Patronymic from H2845 a Chittite, or descendant of Cheth: - Hittite, Hittites., and now from my notes: The Hittites are descended from Heth. We read in Genesis 10 that Noah begat Shem, Ham and Japeth, after the flood, he planted a vineyard, drank the wine from his vineyard and got drunk. Upon discovering their father drunk, Ham then saw the nakedness of his father Noah—to uncover your father’s nakedness means to have intercourse with his wife, either your mother or step-mother (Leviticus 18, and for further clarification see Leviticus 20:11)—in this case, Ham had intercourse with his own mother — and from this union came Canaan, one of Canaan’s son was Heth, whose descendants are known as the Hittites. The Hittites—though originally Adamic—were living in Canaan — The Promised Land, and they were mating with the fallen angels. When Joshua and the Israelites moved into the Promised Land, these same Hittites,—as can be read in Joshua 9—came to Joshua and the Elders of Israel claiming (read that deceiving; or, lying) that they came from far away, and their reason for coming to Joshua and teh Israelites was because, they wanted to worship Father YHVH; when in reality, they only came from the next city over and they didn't want our forefathers to kill them. This was part of satan’s plan to infiltrate Israel; and sadly, it worked.
The Amorites= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H567, - אמרי, - 'ĕmôrı̂y, pronounced - em-o-ree', and means: Probably a patronymic from an unused name derived from H559 in the sense of publicity, that is, prominence; thus a mountaineer; an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes: - Amorite., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “:One of the chief nations who possessed the land of Canaan before its conquest by the Israelites. As dwelling on the elevated portions of the country, they are contrasted with the Canaanites, who were the dwellers in the lowlands; and the two thus formed the main broad divisions of the Holy Land Numbers 13:29, and see 14:7; Deuteronomy 1:7,20 "Mountain of the Amorites;" 1:44; Joshua 5:1; 10:6; 11:3. They first occupied the barren heights west of the Dead Sea, at the place called afterwards Engedi. From this point they stretched west to Hebron. At the date of the invasion of the country, Sihon, their then king, had taken the rich pasture land south of the Jabbok. This rich tract, bounded by the Jabbok on the north, the Arnon on the south, the Jordan on the west and "the wilderness" on the east Judges 11:21,22, was, perhaps in the most special sense the "land of the Amorites" Numbers 21:31; Joshua 12:2,3; 13:10; Judges 11:21,22, but their possessions are distinctly stated to have extended to the very foot of Hermon Deuteronomy 3:8; 4:48, embracing "Gilead and all Bashan" Deuteronomy 3:10, with the Jordan valley on the east of the river Deuteronomy 4:49. After the conquest of Canaan nothing of importance is heard of the Amorites in the Bible..”
The Canaanite=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3669, - כּנעני, kena‛anı̂y, pronounced - ken-ah-an-ee', and means: Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans): - Canaanite, merchant, trafficker. and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A tribe which inhabited a particular locality of the land west of the Jordan before the conquest; and The people who inhabited generally the whole of that country. In Genesis 10:18-20 the seats of the Canaanite tribe are given as on the seashore and in the Jordan valley; compare with Joshua 11:3. Applied as a general name to the non-Israelite inhabitants of the land, as we have already seen was the case with "Canaan." Instances of this are Genesis 12:6; Numbers 21:3. The Canaanites were descendants of Canaan. Their language was very similar to the Hebrew. The Canaanites were probably given to commerce; and thus the name became probably in later times an occasional synonym for a merchant..”
The Perizzites=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H6522, - פּרזּי, - perizzı̂y, pronounced - per-iz-zee', and means: For H6521; inhabitant of the open country; a Perizzite, one of the Canaanitish tribes: - Perizzite., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “(Belonging to a village), one of the nations inhabiting the land of promise before and at the time of its conquest by Israel. They are continually mentioned in the formula so frequently occurring to express the promised land Genesis 15:20; Exodus 3:8,17; 23:23; 33:2; 34:11. The notice in the book of Judges locates them in the southern part of the holy land. The signification of the name is not by any means clear. It possibly meant rustics, dwellers in open, unwalled villages, which are denoted by a similar word..”
The Hivites=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word Number: H2340, - חוּי, - chivvı̂y, pronounced - khiv-vee', and means: Perhaps from H2333; a villager; a Chivvite, one of the aboriginal tribes of Palestine: - Hivite., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The, descendants --the six in order-- of Canaan the son of Ham Genesis 10:17; I Chronicles 1:15. We first encounter the actual people of the Hivites at the time of Jacob's return to Canaan Genesis 34:2. We next meet with the Hivites during the conquest of Canaan Joshua 9:7; 11:19. The main body of the Hivites were at this time living in the northern confines of western Palestine—"under Hermon, in the land of Mizpeh Joshua 11:3,"—"in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal Hermon to the entering in of Hamath"Judges 3:3, compare with II Samuel 24:7..”
The Jebusites=First from the Strong’s Concordance: “ H2983, - יבוּסי, - yebûsı̂y, pronounced - yeb-oo-see', and means: Patrial from H2982; a Jebusite or inhabitant of Jebus: - Jebusite(-s). and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The Jebusites, were descended from the third son of Canaan Genesis 10:16; I Chronicles 1:14. The actual people first appear in the invaluable report of the spies Numbers 13:29. When Jabin organized his rising against Joshua, the Jebusites joined him Joshua 11:3. "Jebus, which is Jerusalem," lost its king in the slaughter of Beth-horon Joshua 10:1,5,26, with which we can compare with Joshua 12:10. Was sacked and burned by the men of Judah Judges 1:21, and its citadel finally scaled and occupied by David II Samuel 5:6. After this they emerge from the darkness but once, in the person of Araunah the Jebusite, "Araunah the king," who appears before us in true kingly dignity in his well-known transaction with David II Samuel 24:23; I Chronicles 21:24,25..”
Joshua 9:2 That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua (Jehovah-saved; or, saviour, or whose help is Jehovah) (Yeh-ho-shoo'-ah) and with Israel (the prince that prevails with God; or, he will rule as God) (Yis-raw-ale’) (secondary map), with one accord. —> They think they are ready to go to war against Israel, but they are about to find out how wrong they were.
Joshua=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3091, - יהושׁוּע, or יהושׁע, - Yehôshûa‛, or Yehôshûa‛, pronounced - Yeh-ho-shoo'-ah, or Yeh-ho-shoo'-ah, and means: From H3068 and H3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (that is, Joshua), the Israelite leader: - Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Compare H1954, H3442., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ His name appears in the various forms of HOSHEA , OSHEA , JEHOSHUA , JESHUA and JESUS. The son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim I Chronicles 7:27. He was nearly forty years old when he shared in the hurried triumph of the exodus. He is mentioned first in connection with the fight against Amalek at Rephidim, when he was chosen by Moses to lead the Israelites Exodus 17:9. Soon afterward he was one of the twelve chiefs who were sent Numbers 13:17, to explore the land of Canaan, and one of the two, (Numbers 14:6) who gave an encouraging report of their journey. Moses, shortly before his death, was directed Numbers 27:18, to invest Joshua with authority over the people. God himself gave Joshua a charge by the mouth of the dying lawgiver. (Deuteronomy 31:14,23) Under the direction of God again renewed Joshua 1:1, Joshua assumed the command of the people at Shittim, sent spies into Jericho, crossed the Jordan, fortified a camp at Gilgal, circumcised the people, kept the passover, and was visited by the Captain of the Lord's host. A miracle made the fall of Jericho more terrible to the Canaanites. In the great battle of Beth-horon the Amorites were signally routed, and the south country was open to the Israelites. Joshua returned to the camp at Gilgal, master of half of Palestine. He defeated the Canaanites under Jabin king of Hazor. In six years, six tribes, with thirty-one petty chiefs, were conquered. Joshua, now stricken in years, proceeded to make the division of the conquered land. Timnath-serah in Mount Ephraim was assigned as Joshua's peculiar inheritance. After an interval of rest, Joshua convoked an assembly from all Israel. He delivered two solemn addresses, recorded in (Joshua 23:24). He died at the age of 110 years, and was buried in his own city, Timnath-serah..”
Israel=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3478, - ישׂראל, - Yiśrâ'êl, pronounced - Yis-raw-ale', and means: From H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity: - Israel., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Israel in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Israel.
Joshua 9:3 And when the inhabitants of Gibeon (hilly; or, hill city) (ghib-ohn') heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho (fragrant; or, place of fragrance) (Yer-ee-kho') and to Ai (heap of ruins) (ah-yawth'), [9:4] They did work wilily (H6195, - ערמה, - ‛ormâh pronounced - or-maw', and means: Feminine of H6193; trickery; or (in a good sense) discretion: - guile, prudence, subtilty, wilily, wisdom. — in the next few verses we'll read of their trickery), and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up; —> These deceiving Hivites are going to pretend to want to worship Father YHVH; however, all they are really doing is trying to save themselves from being killed — which is exacty what Father had instructed Joshua and the Israelites to do to them.
Gibeon=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1391, - גּבעון, - gib‛ôn, pronounced - ghib-ohn', and means: From the same as H1387; hilly; Gibon, a place in Palestine: - Gibeon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the four , cities of the Hivites, the inhabitants of which made a league with Joshua Joshua 9:3-15, and thus escaped the fate of Jericho and Ai. Compare Joshua 11:19. Gibeon lay within the territory of Benjamin Joshua 18:25, and with its "suburbs" was allotted to the priests Joshua 21:17, of whom it became afterwards a principal station. It retains its ancient name almost intact, el-Jib . Its distance from Jerusalem by the main road is about 6 1/2 miles; but there is a more direct road reducing it to five miles..”
Jericho=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3405, - יריחו, ירחו, or יריחה, - Yerı̂ychô, Yerêchô, or Yerı̂ychôh, pronounced - Yer-ee-kho', Yer-ay-kho' or Yer-ee-kho' and means: Perhaps from H3394; its month; or else from H7306; fragrant; Jericho or Jerecho, a place in Palestine: - Jericho., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city of high antiquity, situated in a plain traversed by the Jordan, and exactly over against where that river was crossed by the Israelites under Joshua Joshua 3:16. It was five miles west of the Jordan and seven miles northwest of the Dead Sea. It had a king. Its walls were so considerable that houses were built upon them Joshua 2:15. The spoil that was found in it betokened its affluence. Jericho is first mentioned as the city to which the two spies were sent by Joshua from Shittim Joshua 2:1-21. It was bestowed by him upon the tribe of Benjamin Joshua 18:21, and from this time a long interval elapses before Jericho appears again upon the scene. Its second foundation under Hiel the Bethelite is recorded in I Kings 16:334. Once rebuilt, Jericho rose again slowly into consequence. In its immediate vicinity the sons of the prophets sought retirement from the world; Elisha "healed the spring of the waters;" and over against it, beyond Jordan, Elijah "went up by a whirlwind into heaven" II Kings 2:1-22. In its plains Zedekiah fell into the hands of the Chaldeans II Kings 25:5; Jerremiah 39:5. In the return under Zerubbabel the "children of Jericho," 345 in number, are comprised Ezra 2:34; Nehemiah 7:36. Under Herod the Great it again became an important place. He fortified it and built a number of new palaces, which he named after his friends. If he did not make Jericho his habitual residence, he at last retired thither to die, and it was in the amphitheater of Jericho that the news of his death was announced to the assembled soldiers and people by Salome. Soon afterward the palace was burnt and the town plundered by one Simon, slave to Herod; but Archelaus rebuilt the former sumptuously, and founded a new town on the plain, that bore his own name; and, most important of all, diverted water from a village called Neaera to irrigate the plain which he had planted with palms. Thus Jericho was once more "a city of palms" when our Lord visited it. Here he restored sight to the blind Matthew 20:30; Mark 10:46; Luke 18:35. Here the descendant of Rahab did not disdain the hospitality of Zaccaeus the publican. Finally, between Jerusalem and Jericho was laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan. The city was destroyed by Vespasian. The site of ancient (the first) Jericho is placed by Dr. Robinson in the immediate neighborhood of the fountain of Elisha; and that of the second (the city of the New Testament and of Josephus) at the opening of the Wady Kelt (Cherith), half an hour from the fountain. (The village identified with jericho lies a mile and a half from the ancient site, and is called Riha . It contains probably 200 inhabitants, indolent and licentious and about 40 houses. Dr. Olin says it is the "meanest and foulest village of Palestine;" yet the soil of the plain is of unsurpassed fertility. --ED.).”
Ai=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5857, - עי, עיּא, or, עיּת, - ‛ay, ‛ayâ', or ‛ayâth, pronounced - ah'ee, ah-yaw', or ah-yawth', and means: For H5856; Ai, Aja or Ajath, a place in Palestine: - Ai, Aija, Aijath, Hai., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city lying east of Bethel and "beside Bethaven" Joshua 7:2; 8:9. It was the second city taken by Israel after the passage of the Jordan, and was "utterly destroyed" Joshua 7:3-5; 8:1; 9:3; 10:1,2; 12:9. Also, a city of the Ammonites, apparently attached to Heshbon Jeremiah 49:3..”
Joshua 9:5 And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy. [9:6] And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal (wheel; or, a wheel, or rolling) (ghil-gawl'), and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, “We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.” —> Yeah, they rolled all the clothes and bread in the dirt to make it appear to be old and worn out in order to fool Joshua and the Israelites that they came from a far away place — that they did not know of Israel's conquests and successes, of their warfighting capabilities, or of Father's blessings upon them.
Gilgal=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1537, - גּלגּל, - gilgâl, pronounced - ghil-gawl', and means: The same as H1536 (with the article as a properly noun); Gilgal, the name of three places in Palestine: - Gilgal. See also H1019., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The site of the first camp of the Israelites on the west of the Jordan, the place at which they passed the first night after crossing the river, and where the twelve stones were set up which had been taken from the bed of the stream Joshua 4:19,20, compare with Joshua 4:3 where also they kept the first passover in the land of Canaan Joshua 5:10. It was "in the east border of Jericho," apparently on a hillock or rising ground Joshua 5:3, compare with Joshua 5:9. In the Arboth-Jericho (Authorized Version "the plains"), that is, the hot depressed district of the Ghor which lay between the town and the Jordan Joshua 5:10. Here Samuel was judge, and Saul was made king. We again have a glimpse of it, some sixty years later, in the history of David's return to Jerusalem II Samuel 19:40. A Gilgal is spoken of in Joshua 15:7 in describing the north border of Judah. In Joshua 18:17 it is given as Geliloth. Gilgal near Jericho is doubtless intended. The "king of the nations of Gilgal" or rather perhaps the "king of Goim at Gilgal," is mentioned in the catalogue of the chiefs overthrown bv Joshua Joshua 12:23. Possibly the site of this place is marked by the modern village Jiljulieh , about four miles south of Antipatris, which lies 16 miles northeast of Joppa. But another Gilgal, under the slightly-different form of Kilkilieh , lies about two miles east of Antipatris..”
Joshua 9:7 And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites (one of the bands of people Father told the Israelites to utterly destroy in Deuteronomy: Deuteronomy 7:1 When the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou; [7:2] And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them: [7:3] Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. [7:4] For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly. [7:5] But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.), “Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?” —> The Israelites didn't trust them so they asked the Hivites why they should make a peaceful covenant with them.
Joshua 9:8 And they said unto Joshua, “We are thy servants.” And Joshua said unto them, “Who are ye? and from whence come ye?” —> Joshua knew they had no servants, so there is something that just isn't quite right here, but he cannot yet put his finger on it.
Joshua 9:9 And they said unto him, (listen to the Hivites' lies) “From a very far country thy servants are come because of the name of the LORD thy God: for we have heard the fame of Him, and all that He did in Egypt, [9:10] And all that He did to the two kings of the Amorites, that were beyond Jordan, to Sihon (tempestuous; or, warrior (see-khone') king of Heshbon (stronghold) (khesh-bone'), and to Og (round; or, long-necked) (ogue) king of Bashan (fruitful) ( baw-shawn'), which was at Ashtaroth (the name of a Sidonian deity; or, a star) (ash-taw-roth'). —> Yes, they heard alright, and they didn't want the same treatment done to them. Why did Father do this and want the Israelites to utterly destroy them? It all goes back to Genesis 6 and the people mating with the fallen angels who were trying to corrupt the seedline through which He, Father, would come and be born in the flesh.
Sihon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5511, - סיחון, or סיחן, - sı̂ychôn, orsı̂ychôn, pronounced - see-khone', or see-khone' and means: From the same as H5477; tempestuous; Sichon, an Amoritish king: - Sihon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “King of the Amorites when Israel arrived on the borders of the promised land Numbers 21:21. Shortly before the time of Israel's arrival he had dispossessed the Moabites of a splendid territory, driving them south of the natural bulwark of the Amen. Ibid Numbers 21:26-29. When the Israelite host appeared, he did not hesitate or temporize like Balak, but at once gathered his people together and attacked them. But the battle was his last. He and all his host were destroyed, and their district from Amen to Jabbok became at once the possession of the conqueror..”
Heshbon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2809, - חשׁבּון, - cheshbôn, pronounced - khesh-bone', and means: The same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan: - Heshbon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The capital city of Sihon king of the Amorites Numbers 21:26. It stood on the western border of the high plain—Mishor Joshua 13:17—and on the boundary line between the tribes of Reuben and Gad. The ruins of Hesban , 20 miles east of the Jordan, on the parallel of the northern end of the Dead Sea mark the site, as they bear the name; of the ancient Heshbon. There are many cisterns among the ruins. Compare Song of Solomon 7:4..”
Og=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5747, - עוג, - ‛ôg, pronounced - ogue, and means: Probably from H5746; round; Og, a king of Bashan: - Og., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “An Amoritish king of Bashan, whose rule extended over sixty cities Joshua 13:12. He was one of the last representatives of the giant race of Rephaim, and was, with his children and his people, defeated and exterminated by the Israelites at Edrei immediately after the conquest of Sihon Numbers 32:33; Deuteronomy 3:1-13; 1:4; 4:7; 31]:4; Joshua 2:10; 9:10; 13:12,30. The belief in Og's enormous stature is corroborated by an allusion to his iron bedstead preserved in "Rabbath of the children of Ammon" Deuteronomy 3:11..”
Bashan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1316, - בּשׁן, - bâshân, pronounced - baw-shawn', and means: Of uncertain derivation; Bashan (often with the article), a region East of the Jordan: - Bashan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ A district on the east of Jordan. It is sometimes spoken of as the "land of Bashan" I Chronicles 5:11 and we can compare with Numbers 21:33; 32:33. And sometimes as "all Bashan" Deuteronomy 3:10,13; Joshua 12:5; 13:12,30. It was taken by the children of Israel after their conquest of the land of Sihon from Arnon to Jabbok. The limits of Bashan are very strictly defined. It extended from the "border of Gilead" on the south to Mount Hermon on the north Deuteronomy 3:3,10,14; Joshua 12:5; I Chronicles 5:23, and from the Arabah or Jordan valley on the west to Salchah (Sulkhad) and the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites on the east Joshua 12:3-5; 3:10. This important district was bestowed on the half-tribe of Manasseh Joshua 13:29-31, together with "half Gilead." This country is now full of interesting ruins, which have lately been explored and from which much light has been thrown upon Bible times.”.
Ashtaroth=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6252, - עשׁתּרות, or עשׁתּרת, - ‛ashtârôth, or ‛ashtârôth, pronounced - ash-taw-roth', or ash-taw-roth', and means: Plural of H6251; Ashtaroth, the name of a Sidonian deity, and of a place East of the Jordan: - Ashtaroth, Astaroth. See also H1045, H6253, H6255., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “and once As'taroth (a star), a city on the east of Jordan in Bashan, in the kingdom of Og, doubtless so called from being a seat of the worship of the goddess of the same name Deuteronomy 1:4; Joshua 9:10; 12:4; 13:12..”
Joshua 9:11 Wherefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spake to us, saying, ‘Take victuals with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say unto them, ‘We are your servants:’ ’ therefore now make ye a league with us. —> More lies coming up.
Joshua 9:12 This our bread we took hot for our provision out of our houses on the day we came forth to go unto you; but now, behold, it is dry, and it is mouldy: [9:13] And these bottles of wine, which we filled, were new; and, behold, they be rent: and these our garments and our shoes are become old by reason of the very long journey.” —> More lies as they came from the next town over, they didn't come from far off at all; it was all to gain access to the Israelite camp, and also so that they wouldn't be killed.
Joshua 9:14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD. —> Here is Joshua's and the elders' of Israel mistake: they never sought Father's counsel on this matter, they just took action on their own.
Joshua 9:15 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation sware unto them. —> Made a league with them=This means that Joshua made a covenant or contract with the sworn enemy to not kill them. Yes, it was made under false pretenses on the enemy's part, but it was still a contract that the Israelites will have to live with.
Joshua 9:16 And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them. —> It didn't take too long before the Israelites heard that these Hivites were in actuality — their next door neighbors. So, now what will the Israelites do?
Joshua 9:17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah (the village (always with the article); or, the hamlet) ( kef-ee-raw'), and Beeroth, (wells ; or wells) ( be-ay-rohth'), and Kirjath-jearim (city of forests, or city of towns; city of forests) ((keer-yath') yeh-aw-reem'). —> The lie is out, it only took three day's journey to get to their cities – not nearly enough time for their bread to get mouldy or their clothes to wear out. What will the Israelites do now?
Chephirah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3716, - כּפירה, - kephı̂yrâh, pronounced - kef-ee-raw', and means: Feminine of H3715; the village (always with the article); Kephirah, a place in Palestine: - Chephirah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the four cities of the Gibeonites Joshua 9:17, named afterwards among the towns of Benjamin Ezra 2:25; Nehemiah 7:29..”
Beeroth=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H881, - בּארות, - be'êrôth, pronounced - be-ay-rohth', and means: Feminine plural of H875; wells; Beeroth, a place in Palestine: - Beeroth., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the cities of the Canaanites whose inhabitants succeeded in deceiving Israel, and in making a covenant with them Joshua 9:3. Apparently they were Hivites Joshua 9:7. The occasion on which the Beerothites fled to Gittaim where they preserved their communal identity is not indicated. The town was reckoned to Benjamin II Samuel 4:2. Eusebius, Onomasticon places it under Gibeon, 7 Roman miles from Jerusalem on the way to Nicopolis (Amwas). If we follow the old road by way of Gibeon (el-Jib) and Bethhoron, Beeroth would lie probably to the Northwest of el-Jib. The traditional identification is with el-Bireh, about 8 miles from Jerusalem on the great north road. If the order in which the towns are mentioned Joshua 9:17; 18:25 is any guide as to position, el-Bireh is too far to the Northwest. The identification is precarious. To Beeroth belonged the murderers of Ish-bosheth II Samuel 4:2, and Naharai, Joab's armor-bearer II Samuel 23:37; I Chronicles 11:39. It was reoccupied after the Exile Ezra 2:25; Nehemiah 7:29..”
Kirjath-jearim=First from the Strong's Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7157, - קרית יערים, or קרית ערים, - qiryath ye‛ârı̂ym, or qiryath ‛ârı̂ym, pronounced - (keer-yath') yeh-aw-reem', or (keer-yath') aw-reem', and means: Used in Jer_26:20 with the article interposed; or in Jos_18:28 using simply the former part of the word; from H7151 and the plural of H3293 or H5892; city of forests, or city of towns; Kirjath Jearim or Kirjath Arim, a place in Palestine: - Kirjath, Kirjath-jearim, Kirjath-arim., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “First mentioned as one of the four cities of the Gibeonites Joshua 9:17, it next occurs as one of the landmarks of the northern boundary of Judah Joshua 15:9, and as the point at which the western and southern boundaries of Benjamin coincided Joshua 18:14,15, and in the last two passages we find that it bore another, perhaps earlier, name --that of the great Canaanite deity Baal, namely BAALAH and KIRJATH-BAAL. At this place the ark remained for twenty years I Samuel 7:2. At the close of that time Kirjath-jearim lost its sacred treasure, on its removal by David to the house of Obed-edom the Gittite I Chronicles 13:5,6; II Chronicles 1:4; 6:2, etc. To Eusebius and Jerome it appears to have been well known. They describe it as a village at the ninth mile between Jerusalem and Diospolis (Lydda). These requirements are exactly fulfilled in the small modern village of Kuriet-el-Enab --now usually known as Abu Gosh , from the robber chief whose headquarters it was --on the road from Jaffa and Jerusalem..”
Joshua 9:18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel. And all the congregation murmured against the princes. —> Rather than uphold their promise to Father—to Whom they swore that they would indeed utterly destroy all the inhabitants of these lands—they reneged on their promise, and instead, kept a promise to man. Father knew these Hivites were lying to Joshua and the elders; and, had they come to Him and sought His counsel through Eleazar the high priest, who had the Urim and Thummim, He would have told them to not make a league with them; but, to continue in their utter destruction of the Hivites.
The people murmured: rightfully stating that what the “princes” — Joshua and the elders did, was wrong.
Joshua 9:19 But all the princes said unto all the congregation, “We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them. —> They had already sworn to Father that they would kill them. They should have honored their first promise, the one made to Father.
Joshua 9:20 This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them.” —> As we saw from Dr. Smith's notes above, when Saul does in fact exact revenge, they in turn, enact their own by taking seven of Saul's descendants and hanging them.
Joshua 9:21 And the princes said unto them, “Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation;” as the princes had promised them. —> At present, per this verse, they are only allowing them to be the drawers of water and hewers of wood for the congregation; but, let's continue reading and see what happens.
Joshua 9:22 And Joshua called for them (the deceiving Hivites), and he spake unto them, saying, “Wherefore have ye beguiled us, saying, ‘We are very far from you; when ye dwell among us? —> A little late for a confrontation with them about their lying now! Listen to the next verse and pay close attention to the change that Joshua makes:
Joshua 9:23 Now therefore ye are cursed, and there shall none of you be freed from being bondmen, and hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God. —> For the house of my God=(1)Why in the world would Joshua think that putting them in the House of the LORD would be a good thing; (2) when did Father YHVH become his God?; and (3) who is actually cursed? The Israelites are, for they have opened a door and invited the enemy right on into the House of the LORD. He cannot see; but, fortunately we have the hindsight to see, that this was a big mistake, for because of this, the Levites will become lazy and allow them—the Hivites—to take over other duties the Levites and then the priests were supposed to be doing, such as scribe, record keeping, and writing Father's Word for the high priest, and then even the priesthood itself.
Joshua 9:24 And they answered Joshua, and said, “Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the LORD thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing. [9:25] And now, behold, we are in thine hand: as it seemeth good and right unto thee to do unto us, do.” —> No lie coming out of the mouth of the Hivite now; they absolutely were afraid for their lives, and rightfully so. Had they never messed with and mated with the fallen angels, Father would never have told Moses and the Israelites to utterly destroy them.
Joshua 9:26 And so did he unto them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, that they slew them not. —> Joshua fell prey to their pleading and had pity on them. Think of the consequences of his actions: (1) The Israelites now have some of the hybrid giants in their midst; (2) The Hivites have the knowledge concerning the First Earth Age which was passed onto them from the fallen angels, and this knowledge can now be passed on to the Israelites. Father didn't want them to have this corrupted knowledge; He wanted to share His uncorrupted knowledge with those who loved Him and followed His commandments; (3) and here in the next and last verse of this Chapter as well see, Joshua will again make them the hewers of wood and drawers of water for the House of the LORD, giving them access to Father's temple and His Holy things. Because of this, the priests will eventually become so lazy that they'll allow these same Hivites (and others that they also allow into their camp) to completely take over the priesthood. We'll read about it in a minute in the Book of Ezra.
Joshua 9:27 And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of the LORD, even unto this day, in the place which he should choose. —> So, if you have your enemy doing the things in your house that you should be doing, how do you think you'll fare? Joshua made them the temple servants (or, as we'll read of them in the future, the “nethinim”), and the first place we'll read of them is in I Chronicles 9:2. These same peoples were the “scribes” Jesus—Emmanuel, God with us—was against when He walked in the flesh. What happened to them after they crucified Jesus? Did they disband and go away? No, they still to this day control some of the priesthood of a lot of denominations. It is for this very reason we have some of the dogma coming out of the kurch houses that we do.
So, the Israelites allowed the Hivites into their camp, making them the drawers of water and hewers of wood; but, how did they come to be the scribes and then take over the priesthood? This stems from the fact that man—no gender involved—is a lazy creature by nature, and if they can get somebody else to do their work or chores, then that's exactly what they'll do. After these “servants—nethinims” had been doing the Levite's wood chopping and water drawing for awhile, the Levite's allowed them to take over other duties as well, to the point where; eventually, some 950 plus years later, as we read in the Book of Ezra — the priests were all nethinims and for the most part no true Levites could be found in their ranks. You won't find any overt references to their taking over the priesthood, just subtle, covert evidence.
Turn with me to the Book of Ezra:
Before we get into the Book of Ezra, I'd like to point out that, these next six verses in the Book of Ezra we'll be reading, read identical to Nehemiah 7:60-65.
Ezra 2:58 All the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants, were three hundred ninety and two. —> Three hundred ninety two nethinims in this verse alone, in the next couple of verses we'll read that there were also another six hundred fifty two — all who mixed-in with the priests.
We are seeing here, how the condition of the religious establishment — the Sanhedrin, got into the condition that it did by the time Jesus walked on the earth in the flesh just four hundred years later. We see that while the Israelites were in Babylon, these kenite scribes had attained their high seat in the priesthood, that even they were named as being in the genealogy of the tribe of Levi. If you're the one controlling what is being recorded (scribing), that then becomes a very simple task. All these names, including the names in verse v2:59, are names of the kenites or nethinims. Because of they're not being knowledgeable of Father's Word; how many pastors would even start to know or understand this?
Remember, these nethinims are people taken captive in Joshua 9 and put to work in the Father's Temple. Why? Because the Levitical priests of the day were lazy, just as the priests of today lazy, it's why they search only for scripture to back up what their “message” for the week.
The children of Solomon's servants=This gives us a clue as to where this infiltration of satan's children through Cain, came into the Temple and established themselves.
Ezra 2:59 And these were they which went up from Tel-melah (mound of salt) (tale meh'-lakh), Tel-harsa (mound of workmanship; or, hill of the artificer), Cherub ( ker-oob'), Addan (firm; or, strong; or, stony), and Immer (talkative; and, talkative) (im-mare'): but they could not shew their father's house, and their seed, whether they were of Israel: —> Of course they couldn't; this was because they were nethinims trying to take over the priesthood.
These kenites called themselves of Judah (Revelation 2:9 “...which say they are Jews, and are not, but are of the synagogue of satan...”); however, we see here that, they could not document proof positive who they were; and, from the time of Moses, you could not serve in the Temple if you could not document your parentage as being of the Levitical priesthood. That even applied to the cutting of wood for the offering sacrifices.
This is why in Matthew 23, Jesus called special attention to these sons of satan through Cain — the chief priest; the elders; the scribes; the sadducees and the pharisees, presenting themselves, and sitting in the seat of Moses — the Lawgiver, when in fact, they are not. They are pretending to be the servants of Father YHVH, yet they were listed many times as the people that Father wanted utterly destroyed. Sadly, when they entered into the Promised Land, our forefathers allowed them to live, and because of their disobedience to Father, this is how it played out.
Even to today, the kenites are sitting in the leadership roles of four separate and distinct areas which are otherwise known as the four hidden dynasties of Politics; Economics; Education, and also Religion. All four are all very much in play today, changing and spoiling the world. Even here in the United States of America, our politicians of both political parties are corrupt with the current president which I'll call a usurper-in-charge as he is no true president of these United States; he has done more to destroy the bond of these States, and divide the people therein, then he has to unite us. The current democratic presidential candidate having broken many of our laws; but yet is neither in jail, nor prevented from running for the Office of President; our media, both print and television, no longer report the news, they are now in full bias mode and make the news; our education system is horrendous, indoctrinating our young children into all things perverted and disgusting; our religious entities have failed, where today, they no longer teach Father's Word; but, are accepting of the other three dynasties to the point of trying to force it upon their congregations, directing what is to be taught,—man's traditions, doctrines, and\or denominational dogmas, and not Verse–by–Verse, Chapter–by–Chapter, and Book–by–Book in order that the student learn Father's True Word, and not—and all the time they call their words “to be of God.” They do our interpretations and teaching of Father's Word; and sadly, Christians then just accept their words as being truth because they are lazy when it comes to verifying what they're taught. Most people shy away from any detailed work, and seek others to do it for them.
The kenites have a much deeper reason for being a scribe than the Levites — much like ourcurrent educational system and the media, their desire is to alter history and the manuscripts in order to fit their agenda, their methods are the same as their father: satan's. Their tampering's are not big noticeable changes; but, a series of many half truths. In I Kings 9:20 we will see just who these people are that Ezra is telling us about, as being of "Solomon's servants." This is how the sayings and traditions of men have slipped into the records of the kurch, and are now being presented as “truths of God.” I Kings 9:20 And all the people that were left of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which were not of the children of Israel. —> The Perizzites were the offspring of the second influx of the Nephilim, which is to say from the Hebrew tongue, “fallen angels.” Not one part of these half-breeds are of the Children of Israel. The first mention of these Perizzites is found in Genesis 15, right after Father told Abram—Abraham before Father renamed him—that He would give the land of Canaan to him and his offspring after they would be a stranger and a slave in a strange land for four century's. Why was Father sending Abram's offspring into a strange land to be slaves? The answer to that is several fold: (1) So that when He judged the Egyptians and the gods they were serving, the Israelites, the Egyqtians and all the world would know that He and He alone if God; (2) to allow the House of Israel to grow in order that when He moved them into the Promised Land, they wouldn't fear anything; and (3) to also allow the iniquity of the Amorites to continue for four hundred years. What is this “iniquity of the Amorites” that I mentioned? They, like the rest of the tribes living in the land of Canaan were mixing and mating with the fallen angels, producing the hybrid giants, think of Goliath and Og. I Kings 9:21 Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bond service unto this day. —> Solomon's bond service is putting them to work in the Temple. It was these heathen that Solomon put to service in his big beautiful Temple, and now five hundred years later, they control Father's house from top to bottom. Is it any wonder that; today, there is so much confusion over Father's Word, and the of worship Him? Our enemy—satan's offspring, the kenite scribes—are literally in charge of, and running the house of God; and sadly, most preachers have no idea what is going on. Another place where the chronology of Judah is given is in I Chronicles 2. After the genealogy of the families of Judah are given these kenite scribes gave authority to themselves, and then —attached themselves to the end of the list—. Listen to Father tell it: I Chronicles 2:55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez (Jerusalem); the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab. —> Even in the manuscripts you can see the work of these satanic kenite scribes, as they twist Father's Word, and sneak in their little hidden messages. Rachab is the father of the Kenite nation. You can read of Rachab's offspring in Jeremiah 35 and if you dig further in Father's Word, tracing back the lineages of both those mentioned and the locations mentioned in I Chronicles 2:55. Father knew then what they were doing, He knew during the time that He walked His earth in the flesh what they were doing, just as He knows today what they are doing, and He wants us to know and be aware also.
These kenites — the sons of Cain, the very sons of satan, the offspring of the union between Eve and satan in the Garden of Eden; had worked themselves into the most critical spots of the Temple duties and were doing the book and record keeping. The Levites had turned the duties of scribe ship over to the kenites. Is it any wonder that our heavenly Father is upset with them? The whole reason that the genealogies were kept up was because Father wanted you and I to be able to tell His children from the enemy that would try to come through the gate. This is why Jesus made the comment in Mark 13:5, part of which reads: “...Take heed lest any man deceive you:.”
The seal of God in your forehead, is when you have the understanding of Father's word, and can identify these kenite scribe nethinim, or any other person who teaches any form of denominational doctrine\dogma or mans traditions, and calls it “of God.” We are living in the final days of this Earth Age, and the offspring of these kenites are the very ones that are preparing the way for the entire world to accept their father — satan, in his role of the pretend-to-be-jesus: antichrist. It's obvious by what is taught in most kurch houses today that these cankerworm—see Joel 1:4—have transformed the entire Christian world — except for Father's elect.
To memorize foolish genealogies is a waste of time, however, the genealogies listed in Father's Word are not foolish. The bloodlines of the Adamic seed of the Old Testament establishes the purity of the lineage of Christ, and marks those who fall under the Abrahamic Covenant. It establishes a value, and separates Father's people from those of satan's offspring, and also that of the lineage of the fallen angels.
If you do not like lists of names, then you would have missed the most important part of the problems we have even to today. Notice how these scribes covered their tracks by using the term, “the families of scribes?” They are assuming that you will automatically place them in the family of the Tribe of Levi.
Remember, our topic of this little Study is the kenite nethinim Scribes who have entered into the service of the Temple and taken over those duties.
Telmelah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8528, - תּל מלח, - têl melach, pronounced - tale meh'-lakh, and means: From H8510 and H4417; mound of salt; Tel-Melach, a palce in Babylon: - Tel-melah., the Smith’s Bible Dictionary has a link to Tel-harsa; so, I'll just post the link to Telmelah in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: Telmelah.
Tel-harsa=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8521, - תּל חרשׁא, - têl charshâ', pronounced - tale khar-shaw', and means: From H8510 and the feminine of H2798; mound of workmanship; Tel-Charsha, a place in Babylon: - Tel-haresha, Tel-harsa., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary “One of the Babylonian towns or villages mentioned in Ezra 2:59; Nehemiah 7:61 along with Tel-melah and Cherub, probably in the low country near the sea..”
Cherub=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3743, - כּרוּב, - kerûb, pronounced - ker-oob', and means: The same as H3742; Kerub, a place in Babylon: - Cherub., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Apparently a place in Babylonia from which some persons of doubtful extraction returned to Judea with Zerubbabel Ezra 2:59; Nehemiah 7:61..”
Addan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H135, - אדּן, - 'addân, pronounced - ad-dawn', and means: Intensive from the same as H134; firm; Addan, an Israelite: - Addan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the places from which some of the captivity returned with Zerubbabel to Judea who could not show their pedigree as Israelites Ezra 2:29. Called ADDON in Nehemiah 7:61..”
Immer=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H564, - אמּר, - 'immêr, pronounced - im-mare', and means: From H559; talkative; Immer, the name of five Israelites: - Immer., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Apparently the name of a place in Babylonia Ezra 2:59; Nehemiah 7:61..”
Ezra 2:60 The children of Delaiah ( YAH has delivered; or, freed by YHVH) ( del-aw-yaw'-oo) (they sure do make their names sound as if they follow Father YHVH, don't they?), the children of Tobiah (goodness of YHVH; and, goodness of YHVH) (to-bee-yaw'-hoo), the children of Nekoda ( distinction; or, distinguished) ( nek-o-daw'), six hundred fifty and two. —> We see the numbers of these nethinims keeps growing. These are where the priests are coming from.
Delaiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1806, - דּליה, or דּליהוּ, - delâyâh, or delâyâhû, pronounced - del-aw-yaw', or del-aw-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H1802 and H3050; Jah has delivered; Delajah, the name of five Israelites: - Dalaiah, Delaiah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “"Children of Delaiah" were among the people of uncertain pedigree who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel Ezra 2:60; Nehemiah 7:61..”
Tobiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2900, - טוביּה, or טוביּהוּ, - ṭôbı̂yâh, or ṭôbı̂yâhû, pronounced - to-bee-yaw', or to-bee-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H2896 and H3050; goodness of Jehovah; Tobijah, the name of three Israelites and of one Samaritan: - Tobiah, Tobijah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “"The children of Tobiah" were a family who returned with Zerubbabel, but were unable to prove their connection with Israel Ezra 2:60; Nehemiah 7:61..”
Nekoda=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5353, - נקודא, - neqôdâ', pronounced - nek-o-daw', and means: Feminine of H5348 (in the figuratively sense of marked); distinction; Nekoda, a Temple Servant: - Nekoda., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The descendants of Nekoda returned among the Nethinim after the captivity Ezra 2:48; Nehemiah 7:50..”
Ezra 2:61 And of the children of the priests: the children of Habaiah (Yah has hidden; or whom YHVH hides) ( khab-aw-yaw') (YAH has hidden, He sure has, He's allowed these kenite nethinim to hide right in the camp of our forefathers), the children of Koz (thorn) ( kotse), the children of Barzillai (iron hearted; or, iron i.e., strong) (bar-zil-lah'ee); which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite ( a descendant of Gilad) (ghil-aw-dee'), and was called after their name: —> The Gileadite are more of the nethinim, and not of Israel.
Habaiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2252, - חביּה, or חביה, - chăbayyâh, or chăbâyâh, pronounced - khab-ah-yaw', or khab-aw-yaw', and means: From H2247 and H3050; Jah has hidden; Chabajah, an Israelite: - Habaiah., and now from the Bene-Habaiah were among the sons of the priests who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel Ezra 2:61; Nehemiah 7:63..”
koz=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6976, - קוץ, - qôts, pronounced - kotse, and means: The same as H6975; Kots, the name of two Israelites: - Koz, Hakkoz [includ. the article.], and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Ezra 2:61; Nehemiah 3:4,21 = COZ = HAKKOZ..”
Barzillai=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1271, - בּרזלּי, - barzillay, pronounced - bar-zil-lah'ee, and means: From H1270; iron hearted; Barzillai, the name of three Israelites: - Barzillai., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “Son-in-law to Barzillai the Gileadite Ezra 2:60; Nehemiah 7:63,64..” The Smith's may say that he was the son-in-law; however, that would be incorrect as, the nethinim from Joshua's days as leader, had intermixed with the sons and\or daughters of Gilead, who was the offspring of machir, who were the offspring of Manasseh, who was the son of Joseph.
Gileadite=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1569, - גּלעדי, - gil‛âdı̂y, pronounced - ghil-aw-dee', and means: Patronymic from H1568; a Giladite or descendant of Gilad: - Gileadite.. And now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A branch of the tribe of Manasseh, descended from Gilead Numbers 26:29; Judges 10:3; and 12:4-5..”
Ezra 2:62 These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood. —> When these “priests"” — i.e., the nethinims claiming to be priests, came forth to serve, their genealogies were checked with the family register, and all those who were not in the register, were refused service. This is why it was important for the kenite nethinim scribes to be listed in the register of Israel. This is also why it was important for them to control that register, and have their names placed in that register.
Ezra 2:63 And the Tirshatha (the title of a Persian deputy or governor, and in this case it is: Nehemiah) said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim. —> Tirshatha=first from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8660, - תּרשׁתא, - tirshâthâ', pronounced - teer-shaw-thaw', and means: Of foreign derivation; the title of a Persian deputy or governor: - Tirshatha., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “(always written with the article), the title of the governor of Judea under the Persians, perhaps derived from a Persian root signifying stern, severe, is added as a title after the name of Nehemiah Nehemiah 8:9; 10:1, and occurs also in three other places. In the margin of the Authorized Version Ezra 2:63; Nehemiah 7:65; 10:1 it is rendered "governor.".” This Tirshatha or governor was Nehemiah. It is his title as recorded in Nehemiah 7:66, and he told these kenite nethinim scribes that they could not eat of the Priest's Bread or the sacrifices until the True High Priest came and sought Father by using the Urim and Thummim.
Urim and Thummim=Urim=H224, - אוּרים, - 'ûrı̂ym, pronounced - oo-reem', and means: Plural of H217; lights; Urim, the oracular brilliancy of the figures in the high priest’s breastplate: - Urim.. Thummim=H8550, - תּמּים, - tûmmı̂ym, pronounced - toom-meem', and means: Plural of H8537; perfections, that is, (technically) one of the epithets of the objects in the high priest’s breastplate as an emblem of complete Truth: - Thummim., and now from the : “(light and perfection ). When the Jewish exiles were met on their return from Babylon by a question which they had no data for answering, they agreed to postpone the settlement of the difficulty till there should rise up "a priest with Urim and Thummim" Ezra 2:63; Nehemiah 7:65. The inquiry what those Urim and Thummim themselves were seems likely to wait as long for a final and satisfying answer. On every side we meet with confessions of ignorance. Urim means "light," and Thummim "perfection." Scriptural statements. — The mysterious words meet us for the first time, as if they needed no explanation, in the description of the high Priest's apparel. Over the ephod there is to be a "breastplate of judgment" of gold, scarlet, purple and fine linen, folded square and doubled, a "span" in length and width. In it are to be set four rows of precious stones, each stone with the name of a tribe of Israel engraved on it, that Aaron "may bear them on his heart." Then comes a further order. In side the breastplate, as the tables of the covenant were placed inside the ark Exodus 25:16; 28:30, are to be placed "the Urim and the Thummim," the light and the perfection; and they too are to be on Aaron's heart when he goes in before the Lord Exodus 28:15-30. Not a word describes them. They are mentioned as things-already familiar both to Moses and the people, connected naturally with the functions of the high priest as mediating between Jehovah and his people. The command is fulfilled Leviticus 8:8. They pass from Aaron to Eleazar with the sacred ephod and other pontificalia Numbers 20:28. When Joshua is solemnly appointed to succeed the great hero-law-giver he is bidden to stand before Eleazar, the priest, "who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim," and this counsel is to determine the movements of the host of Israel Numbers 27:21. In the blessings of Moses they appear as the crowning glory of the tribe of Levi: "thy Thummim and thy Urim are with thy Holy One" Deuteronomy 33:8,9. In what way the Urim and Thummim were consulted is quite uncertain. Josephus and the rabbins supposed that the stones gave out the oracular answer by preternatural illumination; but it seems to be far simpler and more in agreement with the different accounts of inquiries made by Urim and Thummim I Samuel 24:3,18,19; 23:2,4,9,11,12; 28:6; Judges 20:28; II Samuel 5:23, to suppose that the answer was given simply by the word of the Lord to the high priest compare John 11:51 when, clothed with the ephod and the breastplate, he had inquired of the Lord. Such a view agrees with the true notion of the breastplate..” The urim and thummin were objects used by the priests prior to the time of Jesus' First Advent, i.e., His being born in the flesh. It was a way for man through the High Priest to communicate with Father when they were seeking an answer to a situation, or happening. It was a thing which was placed on the breastplate, and as it moved, it gave a priest an answer. Seeking an answer from Father it isn't done this way any more; for Father's Spirit now dwells with man's spirit, and lays Father's answer on our heart, we needn't even go through the high priest anymore as, when Jesus gave up His Spirit on the cross, He rent the veil from top to bottom, thus signifying that we may now approach Father directly. It is through Father's Spirit that we have direction for our lives, and we receive understanding from His Word..
Nehemiah knew that the priesthood was polluted at this time, and so, as governor, he was going to separate the true priests, i.e., the Levitical Priests, from these false kenite nethinim scribes. What is puzzling is that, Nehemiah knew that they were all fakes; but yet, he still let them carry on the Temple duties. Nehemiah would not let them eat of the foods that were given for Father's service; but, he allowed them to stay. What a saddness
Do you know who writes the sermons and\or messages that your pastor delivers each week, or the source of that material? Do you know what scribe writes the material for your Sunday school classes? You do realize that you are trusting them with more then your life; you're trusting them with your eternal soul.
Let's listen to some more from Ezra, turn with me to Ezra 8:15:
Ezra 8:15 And I (Ezra speaking) gathered them together to the river that runneth to Ahava (water) (a-hav-aw'); and there abode we in tents three days: and I viewed the people, and the priests, and found there none of the sons of Levi (attached; or, joined) (lay-vee'). —> The year is approximately 410-403 B.C.—just 400 years before the birth of our Father in the flesh as His only begotten Son, Jesus—and Ezra was taking the supposed Levitical priests and the Israelites from Babylon to Jerusalem to start rebuilding the temple. This is the same temple which had been torn down by the babylonians during the siege, when the Israelites were taken into captivity 70 years prior. While enroute, he stops to take a head-count and discovers that, of all the priests with him, none of them are from the lineage of Levi — the only ones allowed by Father to be His priests. All Ezra has with him who are priests are the nethinims—temple servants—and the kenite — the offspring of Cain.
Where are the Levites and the true priesthood? Sadly, they are still in Babylon relaxing and enjoying their laziness, doing nothing except reaping the rewards and benefits of being a Levite or priest. This is why Ezra is about to send someone back to Babylon to fetch and bring them.
In the future to this time in the Book of Ezra, these same kenite nethinim scribes will form and become first “The Great Synagogue,” and then, the “Sanhedrin.” From Dr. Bullinger in his Companion Bible: “These are stated by the Talmudical writings, and the unanimous voice of tradition, to have formed "The Great Synagogue." It consisted at first of 120 members, but afterward was reduced to seventy. It represented the five divisions of the nation: (1) the chiefs of the priests; (2) the chief Levites; (3) the chiefs of the people; (4) the representatives of the cities; and (5) the doctors of the law. It's work was (by solemn oath) (1) to not intermarry with the heathen; (2) to keep the sabbath; (3) to keep the sabbatical year; (4) to pay annually one third of a shekel to the temple; (5) to supply wood for the altar; (6) to pay the priestly dues; and (7) to collect and preserve the canonical scriptures. The Great Synagogue lasted 110 years: from Nehemiah to Simeon the Just, when, having completed its work, it became known as the Sanhedrin of the New Testament, the supreme counsel of the Jewish Nation: which rejected the Kingdom and crucified the King (Messiah)..” By the people and their duties assigned here, you can see—or at least should be able to see—that this Great Synagogue which reduced itself to the Sanhedrin was made up by many of the scribes. I'm not saying that every one of them were corrupted, as Joseph of Arimathaea was part of this counsel, however I do believe most were corrupted.
So who were and what did the sanhedrin do? From “jewishvirtuallibrary.org:” “The ancient Jewish court system was called the Sanhedrin. The Great Sanhedrin was the supreme religious body in the Land of Israel during the time of the Holy Temple. There were also smaller religious Sanhedrins in every town in the Land of Israel, as well as a civil political-democratic Sanhedrin. These Sanhedrins existed until the abolishment of the rabbinic patriarchate in about 425 A.D. The earliest record of a Sanhedrin is by Josephus who wrote of a political Sanhedrin convened by the Romans in 57 B.C. Hellenistic sources generally depict the Sanhedrin as a political and judicial council headed by the country’s ruler. Tannaitic sources describe the Great Sanhedrin as a religious assembly of 71 sages who met in the Chamber of Hewn Stones in the Temple in Jerusalem. The Great Sanhedrin met daily during the daytime, and did not meet on the Sabbath, festivals or festival eves. It was the final authority on Jewish law and any scholar who went against its decisions was put to death as a zaken mamre (rebellious elder). The Sanhedrin was led by a president called the nasi (lit. "prince") and a vice president called the av bet din (lit. "father of the court"). The other 69 sages sat in a semicircle facing the leaders. It is unclear whether the leaders included the high priest. The Sanhedrin judged accused lawbreakers, but could not initiate arrests. It required a minimum of two witnesses to convict a suspect. There were no attorneys. Instead, the accusing witness stated the offense in the presence of the accused and the accused could call witnesses on his own behalf. The court questioned the accused, the accusers and the defense witnesses. The Great Sanhedrin dealt with religious and ritualistic Temple matters, criminal matters appertaining to the secular court, proceedings in connection with the discovery of a corpse, trials of adulterous wives, tithes, preparation of Torah Scrolls for the king and the Temple, drawing up the calendar and the solving of difficulties relating to ritual law. In about 30 A.D., the Great Sanhedrin lost its authority to inflict capital punishment. After the Temple was destroyed, so was the Great Sanhedrin. A Sanhedrin in Yavneh took over many of its functions, under the authority of Rabban Gamliel. The rabbis in the Sanhedrin served as judges and attracted students who came to learn their oral traditions and scriptural interpretations. From Yavneh, the Sanhedrin moved to different cities in the Galilee, eventually ending up in Tiberias. Local Sanhedrins consisted of different numbers of sages, depending on the nature of the offenses it dealt with. For example, only a Sanhedrin of 71 could judge a whole tribe, a false prophet or the high priest. There were Sanhedrins of 23 for capital cases and of three scholars to deal with civil or lesser criminal cases..” Again, because of Father's Word and the countering of them by Jesus and then their crucifying Him, it should be easy for the reader to see just who made up this great counsel of the Sanhedrin.
Ahava=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H163, - אהוא, - 'ahăvâ', pronounced - a-hav-aw', and means: Probably of foreign origin; Ahava, a river of Babylonia: - Ahava., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A place or river Ezra 8:15, on the banks of which Ezra collected the second expedition which returned with him from Babylon to Jerusalem. Perhaps it is the modern Hit, on the Euphrates due east of Damascus..”
Levi=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3878, - לוי, - lêvı̂y, pronounced - lay-vee', and means: From H3867; attached; Levi, a son of Jacob: - Levi. See also H3879, H3881., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The name of the third son of Jacob by his wife Leah. (B.C. about 1753). The name, derived from lavah , "to adhere," gave utterance to the hope of the mother that the affections of her husband, which had hitherto rested on the favored Rachel, would at last be drawn to her: "This time will my husband be joined unto me, because I have borne him three sons" Genesis 29:34. Levi, with his brother Simeon, avenged with a cruel slaughter the outrage of their sister Dinah. [DINAH] Levi, with his three sons, Gershon, Kohath and Merari, went down to Egypt with his father Jacob Genesis 47:11. When Jacob's death draws near, and the sons are gathered round him, Levi and Simeon hear the old crime brought up again to receive its sentence. They no less than Reuben, the incestuous firstborn, had forfeited the privileges of their birthright Genesis 49:5-7. [LEVITES].”
Ezra 8:16 Then sent I for Eliezer (Yah of help; or, Yah is his help) (el-ee-eh'-zer ), for Ariel (lion of God, that is, heroic; or, lion of Yah) (ar-ee-ale'), for Shemaiah (Yah has heard; or, heard of YHVH) (Shem-aw-yaw'-hoo), and for Elnathan (YAH [is the] giver; or, Yah hath given) (el-naw-thawn'), and for Jarib (Adversary) (yaw-rebe’), and for Elnathan, and for Nathan (given; or, a giver) (naw-thawn'), and for Zechariah (YAH has remembered; or, ) (zek-ar-yaw'-hoo), and for *****Meshullam*****, chief men; also for *****Joiarib*****, and for Elnathan, men of understanding. -> So now Ezra is about to send for two different manner of people: chief men - made up of Eliezer, Ariel Shemaiah, Elnathan, Jarib, another Elnathan, Nathan, Zechariah and also Meshullam; and men of understanding - Joiarib and a totally different Elnathan. So far it appears that Ezra is doing good for I believe all of these men are of proper lineage - i.e. Israelites.
Eliezer=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H461, - אליעזר, - 'ĕlı̂y‛ezer, pronounced - el-ee-eh'-zer, and means: From H410 and H5828; God of help; Eliezer, the name of a Damascene and of ten Israelites: - Eliezer., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A chief Israelite whom Ezra sent with others from Ahava to Cesiphia, to induce some Levites and Nethinim to accompany him to Jerusalem Ezra 8:16..”
Ariel=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H740, - אריאל, - 'ărı̂y'êl, pronounced - ar-ee-ale', and means: The same as H739; Ariel, a symbolical name for Jerusalem, also the name of an Israelite: - Ariel., since this is the same as H739, let’s look at that next: H739, - אריאל, or אראל, - 'ărı̂y'êl, or 'ări'êl, pronounced - ar-ee-ale', or ar-ee-ale', and means: From H738 and H410; lion of God, that is, heroic: - lionlike men., now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the "chief men" who under Ezra directed the caravan which he led back from Babylon to Jerusalem Ezra 8:16. The word occurs also in reference to two Moabites slain by Benaiah II Samuel 23:20; I Chronicles 11:22. Many regard the word as an epithet, "lion-like;" but it seems better to look upon it as a proper name, and translate "two [sons] of Ariel.".”
Shemiah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H8098, - שׁמעיה, or שׁמעיהוּ, - shema‛yâh, or shema‛yâhû, pronounced - shem-aw-yaw', or shem-aw-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H8085 and H3050; Jah has heard; Shemajah, the name of twenty five Israelites: - Shemaiah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “( 12.) One of Ezra's messengers Ezra 8:16..”
Elnathan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H494, - אלנתן, - 'elnâthân, pronounced - el-naw-thawn', and means: From H410 and H5414; God (is the) giver; Elnathan, the name of four Israelites: - Elnathan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The name of three persons, apparently Levites, in the time of Ezra Ezra 8:16.,” I’ll have to disagree with Dr. Smith on this one as, these men are not Levites, they are the kenite nethinim scribes.
Jarib=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3402, - יריב, - yârı̂yb, pronounced - yaw-rebe', and means: The same as H3401; Jarib, the name of three Israelites: - Jarib., ok, so if it is the same as H3401, then let’s look at H3401 to see what it says: H3401, - יריב, - yârı̂yb, pronounced - yaw-rebe', and means: From H7378; literally he will contend; properly adjectively contentious; used as noun, an adversary: - that contend (-eth), that strive., that clears us some of the mystery, of course they’re contentious and adversarial, they’re the satan’s offspring, the kenite nethinim scribes. Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the "chief men" who accompanied Ezra on his journey from Babylon to Jerusalem Ezra 8:16. A priest of the house of Jeshua the son of Jozadak, who had married a foreign wife, and was compelled by Ezra to put her away Ezra 10:18..”
Nathan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5416, - נתן, - nâthân, pronounced - naw-thawn', and means: From H5414; given; Nathan, the name of five Israelites: - Nathan., again, I’ll have to disagree, this time with Dr. Strong. Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the head men who returned from Babylon with Ezra on his second expedition One of the head men who returned from Babylon with Ezra on his second expedition Ezra 8:16 1Esdr. 8:44. It is not impossible that he may be the same with the "son of Bani" Ezra 10:39..”
H2148, - זכריה, or זכריהוּ, - zekaryâh, or zekaryâhu, pronounced - zek-ar-yaw', or zek-ar-yaw'-hoo, and means: From H2142 and H3050; Jah has remembered; Zecarjah, the name of twenty nine Israelites: - Zachariah, Zechariah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The leader of the sons of Pharosh who returned with Ezra Ezra 8:3. Son of Behai Ezra 8:11. One of the chiefs of the people whom Ezra summoned in council at the river Ahava Ezra 8:16..”
Ezra 8:17 And I sent them with commandment unto Iddo the chief at the place Casiphia, and I told them what they should say unto Iddo, and to his brethren the Nethinims, at the place Casiphia, that they should bring unto us ministers for the house of our God. -> Here is where Ezra starts to go wrong, most likely unwittingly. Who did he sent the Israelites to? Iddo. Who is Iddo? In the Strong's Concordance we find it is Hebrew word number H112 - 'iddô , pronounced - id-do, and means: Of uncertain derivation; Iddo, an Israelite: - Iddo., actually Iddo is (1) not an Israelite as can be attested by the next verse and (2) his lineage, though we may never know exactly, we can tell again from this next verse: His brethren the nethinims=It is obvious that he was not a Levite nor an Israelite.
Either way, Ezra is sending to Iddo - a non-Israelite, for him to send to Ezra - Levites. What do you think Iddo will send?
Ezra 8:18 And by the good hand of our God upon us they brought us a man of understanding, of the sons of Mahli, the son of Levi, the son of Israel; and Sherebiah, with his sons and his brethren, eighteen; -> Yes, Iddo did send some of the Levites; however, he also, as we'll read two verses from now, sent the nethinims, ensuring that they were part of the temple rebuilding-- or in other words, getting their foot in the door for when the priests would again become lazy.
Ezra 8:19 And Hashabiah, and with him Jeshaiah of the sons of Merari, his brethren and their sons, twenty; -> These are of the son of Levi. But notice in the last verse there were eighteen or nineteen sent and here twenty. Let's see how many nethinims Iddo sends to Ezra:
Ezra 8:20 Also of the Nethinims, whom David and the princes had appointed for the service of the Levites, two hundred and twenty Nethinims: all of them were expressed by name. -> Yes, Iddo sent thirty eight to forty Levites, but he sent two hundred plus nethinims and Ezra never balked or blinked an eye.
Ezra 8:21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our substance.
The Levites will become lazy as they did prior to and while in captivity in Babylon, and again these nethinim will take over the priesthood as is evidenced by who was in charge of the church during Jesus' time in the flesh.
Three hundred plus years later began the confrontation between Jesus and the scribes and we read how the scribes placed their traditions above the Word of God, we pick it up in Matthew 15:
Matthew 15:1 Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying, -> These same scribes and pharisees will lay claim to being of the "Jews" when in fact they are not, they are those that have infiltrated the House of Israel when they deceived Joshua and the elders back in Joshua 9. Jesus, being God in the flesh, knows who they are, and they give themselves away by saying and practicing what they say.
What is disturbing to these scribes and Pharisees is that our Lord's disciples did not follow their "traditions of the elders," or the traditions of man. This washing ritual was not just a matter of getting your hands clean before you pick up your bread; but it was a created ritual that these scribes had made up and attached Father's name to it.
The ritual was never given by Father, or any of His prophets; it came into being by these kenite infested orders of the scribes who took over the duties of the priests when they became lazy. Ezra weeded them out when they came out of their captivity in Babylon; however the priests again became lazy and here we have them back in the position where they are – claiming to be "Jews." This ritual was not a matter of using soap and water, but going through a sprinkling of water in each direction, and holding the hands in the proper position, and going through this very religious ceremony, being sure to show those around you just how religious you were – much like those in the kurch houses of today like to do – play one-upmanship. These kenites created the traditions that the church was to follow, only Christ's disciples simply did not follow the vain traditions that were not of God.
Setting aside Father's Word for following man's traditions is one of the quickest ways to go to hell. Father has given us the only way to follow; any other way, is a sure path to destruction.
Matthew 15:2 "Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread." -> Remember what I wrote earlier concerning was written in the Smith's Bible Dictionary? I'll repost it here: "the words of the scribes" were honored above the law. It was a greater crime to offend against them than against the law. The first step was taken toward annulling the commandments of God for the sake of their own traditions. Mark 7:13. The casuistry became at once subtle and prurient, evading the plainest duties, tampering with conscience. Matthew 15:1-6; 23:16-23. We can therefore understand why they were constantly denounced by our Lord along with the Pharisees.".
Here the scribes are doing just what Dr. Smith had written concerning them – placing their traditions above Father's Word – and Who is that Word – Jesus – The Logos. They are asking Jesus why His disciples don't play "sprinkle, sprinkle" before they eat. Listen to Jesus' answer to them for this lesson that He is going to give these scribes and Pharisees will consist of four parts, so let's pay close attention so that we may pick up on all of them.
In the first part, Jesus addresses the scribes from Jerusalem – "those that claim to be Jews but do lie and are of the synagogue of satan;" keep focused on that point. Do you need any other proof that there is a conflict between the Word of God and the traditions of the men? Many of the traditions in the kurch houses of today, are not of God, nor is their foundation in the Scripture. They originated in the kurch hierarchy by the church boards, and developed through the twisting of Father's Word just like satan likes to do, of course these are his offspring so we can see where they get it from.
Be care what you follow for it is Father Who will judge you not the deacons, elders and scribes; remember also, it is Father Who can destroy your soul at the second death.
Matthew 15:3 But He answered and said unto them, "Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition? [15:4] For God commanded, saying, 'Honour thy father and mother:' and, 'He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.' -> Jesus immediately quotes Father's second Commandment from Exodus 20:12 and follows that up with Exodus 21:17; Leviticus 20:9; Deuteronomy 5:16, 27:16. The death that He is speaking of here is the death of the soul. In that these scribes have brought the law to Jesus' attention; He is about to turn it around on them and give these scribes a little lesson in the law.
He isn't done with them yet, He continues:
Matthew 15:5 But ye say, 'Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, 'It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;' -> But ye say=Jesus is pointing out to these scribes that what the elders say, is contrary to the law of God.
It is a gift= In the Strong's Concordance this is Greek word number G1435 - dōron, pronounced - do'-ron and means: A present; specifically a sacrifice: - gift, offering. , so in other words these scribes and elders say it is a set aside, or sacrifice for God. So what Jesus is pointing out, is that these elders have set up tradition, whereby if the children give all their money to the elders (God), then that releases them of the obligation of caring for their parents in their old age. Today, there were many crooked preachers, who say that for the right price, they will declare something "corban", which means "of God". They would declare the item or money a gift, and allow the giver to use it for their own personal use.
Matthew 15:6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free.' Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. -> Jesus is nailing these scribes and telling them that if they continue to follow the traditions of these elders, they have violated the commandment of Father, by their actions. There are many today that call themselves "ministers of God – reverends" and they tell us that if you give your wealth to them, you are released from taking care of your mother and father. Jesus is calling them a liar; He is telling these scribes and the preachers of today that by their actions - they are making the commandments of God, of no effect.
Matthew 15:7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, -> Jesus is going to give these hypocrite Kenite scribes and Pharisees another Bible lesson in the law. This one is found in Isaiah 29:13.
Matthew 15:8 'This people draweth nigh unto Me with their mouth, and honoureth Me with their lips; but their heart is far from me. [15:9] But in vain they do worship Me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.'" -> The original reads: Isaiah 29:13 Wherefore the Lord said, "Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men: -> Jesus is saying that these scribes speak so religiously of Father with their mouths and lips; however, their hearts and their minds are so far removed from Father and what His Word actually says that they do not teach His Commandments, but they modify those words, and create commandments of men. Those commandments are called traditions of men. Those teachings are ways and things that are not in the Word of God, and Father is against them. They take these false commandments and turn them into doctrines.
Jesus now is connecting the feedings of the multitude, to the doctrines, which is the true food for the Spirit which is the Word of God. The body of Christ is the true "Bread of Life", and aside from that there is no life of value.
Matthew 15:10 And he called the multitude, and said unto them, "Hear, and understand: [15:11] Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man." -> Jesus is addressing a second group of people - the multitudes, which are all the people: all kindred's and tongues, and races – both those of the House of Judah and the gentiles. Jesus is telling these people do not only hear what I am going to say, but they should absorb it in their minds also.
He is not talking about the health laws here, for they are still in effect and have not been done away with. In other words, if you eat things that are not fit for the body, and contain large amounts of poisons; then your body and your health will suffer because of it. It has nothing to do with sin and the death of your soul; however, Jesus is talking about the biggest sin that can be committed, the sin which can cause the death of your soul.
It's what is in your heart and mind - the Spiritual food of the teaching of Christ, the food which gives eternal life that matters; rather then the food that you place in your mouth for nourishment of the physical body.
Matthew 15:12 Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying? -> Do you think He was concerned that He offended the scribes and pharisees? No, not one iota. Jesus will naw make His third address here and it is to His own disciples. This part is addressed to you as a follower of Christ.
Matthew 15:13 But He answered and said, "Every plant, which My heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up. -> Remember, He is speaking directly to His disciples and no one else and He is going to reveal again to them what He had told them in Matthew 13 when He said, If you do not understand this one parable, then you will not understand any of my parables." What was that parable about? That parable was the parable of the sower. God was the one that planted the good seed. Satan the devil planted the evil seed, and Jesus warned of these offspring of the devil, the tares, or Kenites that would mix in with the tribe of Judah, and the House of Israel. Matthew 13:36 Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and His disciples came unto Him, saying, "Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field. -> His desciples were having a hard time grasping what He had told them concerning satan's offspring with Eve, so He had to explain it more slowly to them. Matthew 13:37 He answered and said unto them, "He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; -> It was Jesus through Father that created man in the flesh; He created all the races on the sixth day, and the seedline through which He would become flesh on the eighth day. Seed=As used here in the Strong's Concordance is Greek word number G4690 - sperma, pronounced - sper'-mah, and means: From G4687; somethng sown, that is, seed (including the male “sperm”); by implication offspring; specifically a remnant (figuratively as if kept over for planting): - issue, seed.. Matthew 13:38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the Kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; -> He is not speaking figuratively, He is speaking plainly and truly: Matthew 13:39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. -> Again the word seed as used here is the same as in verse v13:38 – sperma. When did satan – the wicked one, the devil, sow these seeds which became children? It all started in Genesis 3, in the Garden of Eden when he – satan, beguiled – wholly seduced: mind, body and spirit: Eve. Again, remember this is Jesus – Emmanuel, God with us speaking and He is not just telling stories or making things up as He goes. Let's listen to Him tell it to them – satan's offspring, in John 8:44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He (Cain – satan and Eve's child who slew his step brother – Adam and Eve's son: Abel) was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.. Matthew 13:40 As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. -> This is exactly what He is telling His disciples here in Matthew 15:13. Matthew 13:41 The Son of man shall send forth His angels, and they shall gather out of His Kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; [13:42] And shall cast them into a furnace of fire (the Lake of Fire at the Judgment and we know from Hebrews 2:14 that our Father is a consuming fire) : there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. [13:43] Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the Kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. -> Do you have the ears to hear yet?
Let's return now to Matthew 15:
Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch." -> These kenites were stealing from the poor and taking from the widows and orphans, and now we are to feel sorry that their feelings are hurt? What did you expect Christ was going to say to them. Yes He offend them; however, they offended Him and his disciples even more.
This applies to us even today, are we keeping our attention on what Christ is saying, and can we apply those teachings in our lives? How are you judging the world of the so-called righteous? When they give their righteous sounding words out of their mouth and lips, can you tell if it is of God, or the traditions of men. This is what Jesus is trying to teach His disciples.
Matthew 15:15 Then answered Peter and said unto him, "Declare unto us this parable." -> Peter is asking Jesus to explain to him the parable at the beginning of this Chapter, but Jesus will not. This is a teaching that Jesus has already explained, however Jesus will explain a little more of the parable of verse v15:11. Those parables of Chapter Matthew 13 and 14 are the ones that if you don't understand them, you will not understand any of them. This is why it is so important, that if you do not understand them; go back to Chapter 13 and review it until you get it. It is the key.
Now this is the fourth part that we must pay attention to. Jesus is addressing Peter, that will establish the churches of Smyrna and Philadelphia, that continue on to this day. They are the churches that teach the true Word of God.
Matthew 15:16 And Jesus said, "Are ye also yet without understanding? [15:17] Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught? -> It isn't food (unless it is the unclean foods discussed in Leviticus 11) that defile us, it is the doctrine(s) and traditions of man that we absorb and hold dear to our heart and then pass on to others which defiles us.
Matthew 15:18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man. -> When a man talks, he places his own sentence on his head. A man lives his own sentence; and that that you sow, that is what you shall reap. If you sow wickedness, you shall reap wickedness, and God will see to it that it shall happen.
Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies: [15:20] These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.
After this encounter with the scribes, Jesus then departs and goes to Tyre and Sidon, and He then continues onto Galilee where He has His disciples feed the four thousand men beside women and children the few little fishes and seven loaves of bread. Upon the completion of the feeding of the four thousand, He then climbs into a little ship and departs for the coasts of Magdala.
Immediately upon His arrival in Magdala the pharisees and sadducees come to Him desiring He show them a sign from heaven. Of course our Lord does not put on side-shows, but replies:
Matthew 16:2 He answered and said unto them, "When it is evening, ye say, 'It will be fair weather: for the sky is red.' -> Jesus answers these pharisees and sadducees with an old sailor's expression: "red at night, a sailors delight and red in the morning, the sailors take their warning." He is telling them that, sure, they can discern the sky, heck, even a fool can.
Matthew 16:3 And in the morning, 'It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowring.' O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times? -> Yep, you can discern the easy things; however, of discerning the things of Father, they haven't a clue.
Jesus never gave them the sign they were looking for; He only called attention to their stupidity. They had watched for many months all of the miracles He performed; yet, they still didn't believe. Jesus knew how He was getting under their skin, and was driving them nuts. Remember in verse v15:12 in the last chapter, when the disciples came to Him in fear, "Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying." Jesus knew very well how much He was getting to them, if Father's Word offends someone, then they need offending.
Matthew 16:4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas (Jonah in the Greek)." And he left them, and departed. -> All Jesus gave them was what they had the right to know; and then He out the door He went and was gone. Do you think that they were wise enough to know what He meant? No; sadly for them, they were not.
When He mentioned Jonas, He was referencing Jonah 1:17 and referring to the three days that Jonah was in the belly of the great fish. Let's read it: Jonah 1:17 Now the Lord had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah. And Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. -> Father had told Jonah to go and preach to the Ninevites, and that they should repent, or He was going to destroy their city, the Ninevites were the Assyrians. Remember that many years prior to this, there was a prophecy given and Jonah knew that Assyria was to be God's sword of judgment against Israel or more specifically – the House of Israel – the ten northern tribes consisting of Reuben; Simeon; Issachar; Zebulun; Ephraim and part of Manasseh; Dan; Naphtali; Gad; Asher; and a sprinkling of the Levitical priesthood. Jonah figured that if Nineveh perished Father would spare Israel; therefore, Jonah was pleased to offer himself in sacrifice for brother Israel.
Father's plans however, were deeper then Jonah's, and when Jonah climbed onboard that ship; Father created a great fish right then and there to bring Jonah to shore – after three days, the same length of time our Lord would spend in the tomb. Jonah wasn't really a coward; but he was fearful for the ten tribes to the north and didn't want them to go into captivity to the Assyrians, so he figured if he didn't tell the Ninevites of Father wanting them to repent; then, they wouldn't be around to be the sword against his brothers. The twist that most preachers overlook of course is the fact that the Ninevites were worshipers of dagon the fish god, and when that great fish opened it's mouth and Jonah walked out – the Ninevites immediately fell on their faces and worshipped and were then ready to do anything and all things which Jonah told them to do.
Jonah told the Ninevites to repent, and the king decreed that everyone do so, and that is exactly what happened. Though Jonah didn't know it, what he did played right into Father's plan, and the whole city thought Jonah came from dagon, after all, to them dagon was God, and he sent them Jonah, and deposited him right on their beach.
Matthew 16:5 And when his disciples were come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread. -> When Jesus' disciples came from Galilee to Magdala they had forgotten to bring some bread with them, but that is not what this lesson is about, it gets a lot deeper than it appears on the surface: there is a Spiritual Lesson to be learned here:
Matthew 16:6 Then Jesus said unto them, "Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees." -> As I previously stated above, the church at the time Father walked in the flesh as His Son – Jesus, was run by the chief priests – selected by the Romans, the pharisees, the sadducees, the elders and the scribes. So this warning by our Lord to His disciples and us, to "take heed and beware of the leaven" was directed at their doctrine and traditions, or in other words: what they were teaching. You add leaven to the dough to make a larger loaf of bread; and the bread of Life is the Word of God - what Jesus was teaching, for Christ is the Bread of Life.
Jesus is telling His disciples, and even the elect and Christians of today, to beware of the false teachings and those that that present themselves as being of Father; when in fact, what they are giving out are the traditions of men and their own opinions. They do not adhere to or follow the Word of God.
The leaven Jesus is referring to is yeast, and when mother works that yeast into the dough in a short time that flat piece of dough starts to rise and pour over the pan. Then she kneads it again, and it rises until it puffs up and makes beautiful bread. The leaven penetrates the whole loaf.
Likewise also; if you listen to false teachers, who take man's traditions, and the twisting of the Word of God by their denomination or church system, backed by the words of the "so-called" authorities and allow that information to penetrate your mind, then this warning by Jesus Christ is directed squarely at you. Do not let just any teaching be acceptable to you, without checking it out first in the Father's Word. The Bible is our authority and if you are a Bible teacher; then by all means: Teach the Word of God, Book-by-Book, Chapter-by-Chapter, and verse-by-verse.
Jesus is saying, Do not listen to man, listen to Me. Is that complicated? No, not at all, Jesus performed two great miracles: the feeding of the five thousand and the feeding of the four thousand and the crumbs His disciples picked up afterward, in order to point out one little fact, and that one little fact is so important that it will be ruining the entire Word of Christ if it is not ardently followed. We are approaching the day where the entire loaf is leavening with false teaching, and daily more and more false teachers coming "in Christ's name;" however, they do not teach Christ's Word - but the words of man. They lie to Christian souls which are starving for the truth in the Word, when they make their statements to be of God, but having like satan, twisted truth or changed one little word - thereby making it a lie.
When these preachers and "one verse Charlie's" of today say, "God spoke to me today", and then give out their own made-up "message," and take your money. If his "Word from God" cannot be backed up by the True Word of God, then they are false preachers, and they are filling your ears with lies.
Matthew 16:7 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, "It is because we have taken no bread." -> Jesus' disciples still couldn't quite get their head around what He was trying to impress upon them, they still though He was talking about bread - food.
Matthew 16:8 Which when Jesus perceived, he said unto them, "O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread? -> When Jesus perceived=He didn't hear what they were discussing, as God in the flesh, He knew what their conversation was about and He immediately addressed it.
Jesus always waited until He ad His disciples were alone before He taught them the deeper truths in His Word and here He is trying to open His disciples eyes to what He is trying to teach them. O ye of little faith=Wake up, and think - can't you see what I am trying to teach you? The lesson is not over, the fact is is that this is not about that they have left the bread from the miracles behind, but Christ is trying to get them to focus in on what is His bread. His bread is what He is trying to teach them, It is His words, the Truth in His Word.
Matthew 16:9 Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets ye took up? -> He is going to explain to them more slowly, trying to ensure they hear with their ears this time.
Matthew 16:10 Neither the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets ye took up? -> Jesus is asking the disciples, can't you keep track of the difference of what is leaven and what is my bread? Any time you have a large crowd gathered, you are going to pick up some false teachings, and wrong opinions.
Matthew 16:11 How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees?" -> Jesus is asking them straightly how it is that they are having such a hard time grasping the difference concerning what He teaches and what these false preachers teach? Don't you even remember what I told you while explaining to you the parable of the sower and the tares. I am not talking about bread here, get your mind on the subject, the leaven is the teachings and doctrines of the pharisees, and the sadducees.
Matthew 16:12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. -> It's light bulb time as His disciples finally get the message - Jesus is not talking about bread, but of the doctrine and traditions of man.
The doctrine that comes forth today, which is claimed to be from God by those that have never picked up a Strong's Concordance to verify what the Hebrew, Chaldee, Aramic or Greek words mean, is utterly useless save for the Salvation message. Paul told the Hebrews and us plainly in Hebrews 5:12 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. -> The preachers today are no better than these scribes for they just do not know what the entire plan of Father is because they haven't searched the scriptures save to make it fit their meanings and doctrines. The preachers in these kurch houses need to go back and partake of the child's food instead of being in front of people trying to teach them. When one comes into their midst and gives them a morsel of truth, they just cannot handle the strong meat in the Word. Hebrews 5:13 For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe. -> Grow up and dig into the Word before you try and teach it to somebody else. Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil. –> Truth and non-truth. If you think it doesn't matter, you'd be wrong because Father tells us in His word in both I Peter 4:17 For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God? -> Judgment begins with those that teach the Word of God, and if a pastor, preacher, minister even unwittingly teaches incorrectly or falsely, he is liable for every soul he leads astray. What happens to those who falsely teach? Father plainly explains that to us also in His Word in two different places in the Book of Ezekiel, first in Ezekiel 34:1-16 and then also in Ezekiel 44:6-14. Father has His eye on the false shepherds, and they will be the first and the most severe to be judged on judgment day, for He doesn't like it when someone misleads His flock.
There is a copy of the Word of God that is clear, locked and cannot be changed, it's called the Massorah, and it is the only form of Father's Word that is precise. So when these false preachers run around and say things that do not check out with the Massorah, they lie, and are a disgrace to themselves; but, more importantly to Father. It is your duty also to combat the scribe and what they try and teach.