|* II Samuel 5
II Samuel 4 closed with David having his young men slay, cut off the hands and feet, and then hang the bodies of Baanah and Rechab—the two men who killed King Saul’s sole surviving adamic son Ish-bosheth—above the Pool in Hebron. These men thought that by killing him and bringing his head to David, they would receive a “king’s ransom” reward from David, for disposing of one of his enemies; however, much like the Amalekite who boasted of killing Saul and thought to receive a reward, they quickly found out that, this was not going to be the case.
It is in this Chapter II Samuel 5 that David will be anointed king over all the Tribes of Israel and the kingdom will once again become united as one House.
II Samuel 2:1-24:25 KING
5:1-24:25 The Kingdom.
UNITED. (Introversion with
5:1-25 David’s accession
ACCESSION. (Extended and
5:1-3 King anointed.
II Samuel 5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel (he will rule as YAH; or, the prince that prevails with YAH) (Yis-raw-ale’) (secondary map) to David (loving; or, well-beloved) (Daw-veed’) unto Hebron (seat of association; or, alliance) (kheb-rone’), and spake, saying, “Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. —> Then came all the tribes=This is not to say that every Israelite from every tribe came to Hebron, it is saying though, that, all the elders of every tribe came to Hebron to make David king, and in doing so, they will give 3 reasons for why David should be king of Israel.
We see here in this verse the first of these three reasons in the statement “we are thy bone and thy flesh.” This indicates that the elders know that it is Father Who chooses people to perform the duties which must be performed here in this Age of flesh man; and, it was Father chose both Saul and David to be king: Saul as an example of how a king should not be and then David was the first king who Father chose for whom His Children could follow.
We also know that our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ will come from the lineage of David, and he will be “of thy bone and thy flesh,” in other words “of the seed of David.” Jesus will be born approximately one thousand years later through David’s lineage. So, in David, we have “the seed and the leader” as the second sign. The third part to this “key of David” is that David will be a “shepherd over all Israel.” So, to sum it up, we have the seed, the leader or king, and the shepherd, all tied up in David. This is all pointing to the King of Kings, born in the flesh, coming to earth to be our Shepherd, Who feeds His sheep, and tends to the flock.
David then became a type of the promised Messiah that will come many years later through his loins.
Israel=The kingdom of Israel consists and comprises of both a People, and a territory. The People were and are our Father, our Creator ELOHIM’s Chosen People. Chosen only in the sense that they were the lineage through which He Himself will\would be born in the flesh as His Only Begotten Son: Jesus Christ. That lineage began with Adam, then his son Seth, down to Noah, then his son Shem, down to Abram, then his son Isaac, and the his son Jacob whom Father renamed Israel, on to his two sons Levi—actually, Levi’s son Amram amd his son Aaron and his descendants—and Judah—and his son Pharez, then his son Hezron, then his son Aram, then his Amminadab, then his son Nashon, then his son Salmon, then his son Boaz, then his son Obed, then his son Jesse, then his son David. Both lineages culminated and terminated at Mary—cousin to Elisabeth, wife of Zacharias, whom the Holy Spirit overshadowed while she was yet a virgin, and after Michael the arch angel had told would come to pass. When Father had changed Jacob’s name to Israel and then he had his twelve sons—Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Napthali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, and Benjamin—who went into captivity to Egypt for those 200 plus years, when Father led them out by the hand of Moses, they became known collectively as, the House of Israel. As for the territory, see the links of the 2 maps in the verse to understand the land mass which comprised the territory of Israel. † As to the etymology of the name Israel, the meaning of the name Israel is not clear; but, yet, it’s huge. The meaning of Israel is not singular and distinct; but, consists of many nuances and facets and bulges with theological significance. Judging from Genesis 32:28, the form ישראל (Israel) appears to be a compilation of two elements. The first one is the noun אל, El, the abbreviated form of אלהים, Elohim, denoting the genus God: The second part of our name appears to be related to the verb שרה I (sara I): However, even though Genesis 32:28 uses the enigmatic verb שרה — which is assumed to mean to struggle but which might something else entirely — it’s by no means certain that this verb is etymologically linked to our name Israel. When we say, “we named him Bob because that seemed like a good idea,” we certainly don’t mean to say that the name Bob means “good idea.” The first part of the name Israel looks a lot like the verb שרה that explains this name; but, this apparent link is possibly a mere case of word-play. In fact, the name Israel may have more to do with the verb ישר (yashar), meaning to be upright. Note that the difference between the letter שׂ (sin) as found in the name ישׂראל (Israel) and the letter שׁ (shin) as found in the verb ישׁר (yashar) didn’t exist in Biblical times and as it was invented more than a thousand years after the Bible was written: For a meaning of the name Israel, New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List, Brown Driver Briggs (BDB) Theological Dictionary and Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) unanimously go with the verb שרה of which the meaning is unsure. Undeterred, NOBSE reads God Strives, and BDB proposes El Persisteth or El Persevereth. Alfred Jones figures that the mysterious verb שרה might very well mean “to be princely,” and assumes that the name Israel consists of a future form of this verb, which hence would mean to become princely. And so Jones interprets the name Israel with He Will Be Prince With God. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3478, - ישׂראל, - Yiśrâ'êl, pronounced - Yis-raw-ale’, and means: From H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity: - Israel. Total KJV occurrences: 2,576.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Israel in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Israel.
David=I could spend days discussing David and his life; literally, an entire Book—II Samuel—covered most of what David accomplished as king of Israel. David was a man after Father’s own heart, and though he made a few mistakes, David always tried to please Father in all that he did; therefore, Father loved David; so much so that, He chose David as the Line to bring forth the Branch, The Bright Morning Star, Immanuel\Emmanuel, God in the Flesh: Jesus. Even though Father chose David, it doesn’t mean that David never sinned as, David indeed did sin. He committed adultery with the wife of one of his soldiers; and, then had that soldier murdered by ordering his being put on the front lines of the hottest part of the battle. David was not perfect; however, he was obedient in the end; and, in the end, he left judgment in Father’s hand. All the other kings of Judah and some of the kings of Israel will be judged; or, compared to David; and, the one thing which can always be said of David, is that, not one time had David ever fallen away into idolatry. But, what else can we take away from David? If you sin: repent to Father and then leave the correction and judgment in Father’s hands. † While researching the etymology of the name David we find that most Bible translators and commentator will render the name David as Beloved; but, as always with important names, the etymology of the name David is disputed. However, we can’t help noticing the distinct similarity of this name with the Hebrew root דוד (dwd) that yields דוד (dod), generally meaning beloved. This word is also the Hebrew word for uncle — I Chronicles 27:32, for instance, speaks of דוד־דויד, or “David’s uncle”: The distinct difference between the name דוד (David) and the word דוד (dod) is that in the name David the letter waw counts for a consonant, while in the word dod it counts for a vowel. A consonant and a vowel are completely different entities and they’ll never mean the same, no matter how many times you write them with the same symbol (in this case the waw). If the name was meant to mean Beloved, then it was perhaps given to David after he became king and beloved. In his father’s household he wasn’t much of a hit, after all. But then, if this name was meant to mean Beloved, why hasn’t history given us the tales of King Dod? Harris Archer Waltke (HAW) Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament lists David under dod but admits that “the name is conjectured to come from dod, beloved, but the etymology is uncertain. It has been compared with the Mari term dawidum, Lsquo;leader,’ but this too is unsure.” Brown Driver Briggs (BDB) Theological Dictionary too lists the name David under the derivations of the root dod, but also makes mention of A.H. Sayce’s note of a sun-god named Dodo — דודה — which was worshipped in East-Jordan Israel. Zion, now known as the city of David, was then apparently known as the city of the god Dod. But where Dod went the way of the dodo, king David is eternally remembered as the beloved king. And this is curious for more than one reason. But whatever the reason, Israel’s identity of a Kingdom is associated with a king whose name is not a regular Hebrew word, but which is spelled identical to the word for Beloved, and pronounced completely different. Perhaps, and this is a wild guess, the name Dod was altered to David to charge it with the tone of the word דוה (dawa), meaning infirmity. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1732, - דּוד, or דּויד, - dâvid, or dâvı̂yd, pronounced - daw-veed’, or daw-veed’ and means: From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse: - David. Total KJV occurrences: 1076.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we find that the description of David in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: David.
Hebron=Hebron is rich with history for our forefathers; as such, we find that there are 68 verses and 73 matches for the name Hebron, and the Strong’s Hebrew word number—H2275—associated with it in Father’s Word; or, in either the Strong’s Concordance and\or on E-Sword. We read in Genesis 13 that, after Father had Blessed Abram—this was even before He changed his name to Abraham—and told him to move himself and his family—his wife Sari and his nephew Lot—to Mamre, which is Hebron; and, which is also Kirjath-arba, which is also in Canaan: i.e., the Promised Land. Hebron is also where Sarah died and was buried; in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which belonged to Ephron the Hittite, who was the son of Zohar, another Hittite. This was significant; as, Abraham paid cash money,—and got a receipt for his purchase—for this piece of land, which as I said, is the Promised Land; and, as such, the muslims truly have no claim on this land!! After Father brought our forefathers up, out of thier bondage to the Egyptians, Joshua and the Israelite Army fought many battles in Hebron before conquering it and taking it for a possession. Once Hebron became Israelite territory, it was given to the Priests in order to be a city of refuge, a sanctuary city where someone who accidentally killed somebody else could flee until trial was conducted. Later still, David too fought many battles in Hebron, as a matter of fact, as we read in I Samuel 30:31 that, Hebron was one of the places that David and his men were wont to haunt. Hebron was the first place that David was made king over the House of Judah, he reigned there over Judah for seven years, six months before being crowned king of the entire House of Israel. There is much more history in Hebron; however, space and time constraints prevent me from expounding further. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2275, - חֶבְרוֹן, - chebrôn, pronounced - kheb-rone’, and means: FromH2267; seat of association; Chebron, a place in Palestine, also the name of two Israelites: - Hebron. Total KJV occurrences: 71.. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “A city of Judah Joshua 15:54, situated among the mountains Joshua 20:7, 20 Roman miles south of Jerusalem, and the same distance north of Beersheba. Hebron is one of the most ancient cities in the world still existing; and in this respect it is the rival of Damascus. It was a well-known town when Abraham entered Canaan, 3,800 years ago Genesis 13:18. Its original name was Kirjath-arba Judges 1:10, “the city of Arba;” so called from Arba the father of Anak Joshua 15:13,14; 21:13. Sarah died at Hebron; and Abraham then bought from Ephron the Hittite the field and cave of Machpelah, to serve as a family tomb Genesis 23:2-20. The cave is still there, and the massive walls of the Haram or mosque, within which it lies, form the most remarkable object in the whole city. Abraham is called by Mohammedans el-Khulil, “the Friend,” i.e. of God, and this is the modern name of Hebron. Hebron now contains about 5000 inhabitants, of whom some fifty families are Jews. It is picturesquely situated in a narrow valley, surrounded by rocky hills. The valley runs from north to south, and the main quarter of the town, surmounted by the lofty walls of the venerable Haram, lies partly on the eastern slope Genesis 37:14, compare with Genesis 23:19. About a mile from the town, up the valley, is one of the largest oak trees in Palestine. This, say some, is the very tree beneath which Abraham pitched his tent, and it still bears the name of the patriarch.”.
II Samuel 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul (asked; or, desired) (shaw-ool’) was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, ‘Thou shalt feed My People Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.’ ” —> When Saul was king, it was that young boy David who, with his faith in Father went against the giant Goliath and defeated Israel’s enemy. After achieving that victory over the Philistine champion, Saul and the people made David leader of Israel’s Army, and it was David who got the credit for Israel’s victories. The women even sang songs saying, “Saul killed his thousands; but, David killed his tens of thousands.” In this we see the second reason the people said David should be king over Israel.
Saul=Son of Kish, of the Tribe of Benjamin. Saul was the first man king of the nation of the House of Israel; which, if you are familiar with Father’s Word, then you’ll know and realize is almost a miracle in and of itself as, back in Judges 20, the Tribe of Benjamin was almost completely wiped out by the other tribes because, they were sottish and allowed perversion to reign in their territories, and they sided with those who raped, abused, and then killed a Levites’s concubine. After the other tribes were through warring against them, there were only roughly 600 people—all men—left in the Tribe. The other tribes had to forfeit some of their daughters in order for the Tribe to continue on. † When we are first introduced to Saul in I Samuel 9:2, he is described as being, “a choice young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.;” but, he was also a man who could not even find his own donkeys. In fact, he was out searching for them when Father sent His Prophet Samuel to go and anoint him as the first man king. Saul had, and Father gave him, every opportunity to be a great man and king over His People; however, Saul was a man of the flesh, and as such, he allowed his flesh to come between he and Father, he chose flesh over Father, and he sinned against Father by honoring, serving, and worshiping other, false gods. Saul also disobeyed Father on multiple occasions: (1) In I Samuel 14, right after Saul had been made king, Samuel had told Saul to go to Gilgal and await his arrival; but, when Samuel didn’t arrive when Saul thought he should have, Saul made unlawful sacrifices to Father. No sooner had he made these sacrifices when Samuel arrives and sees what he had done. Samuel questions Saul about his offering unlawful sacrifices, and Saul replies that, Samuel had tarried too long, and he was afraid that the Philistines would attack him; therefore, he offered sacrifices himself. Samuel then told Saul that, he had done foolishly: thou hast not kept Father’s Commandment, which He had Commanded Saul: that, had Saul been obedient, then, Father would have established the kingdom of Israel into Saul’ hand for ever. But, since he had not been obedient, Father was going to give the kingdom to another man; (2) We read in I Samuel 15 that, Father, through His Prophet Samuel, told Saul to utterly destroy all the Amalekites—this meant that he was to kill every man, woman, and child, plus, every animal they had. There were also kenites living among these Amalekites whom Saul told to get away from the Amalekites because, they had treated Israel nicely when they came up, out of Egypt, which was an outright lie and which went completely against Father and His command. I challenge anybody to show me in Father’s Word where the kenites aided the Israelites when Father led them up out of Egypt—but, Saul chose not do so, he allowed his army to keep the Amalekite king: Agag, alive; and, they also kept for themselves, many of the best livestock. When Samuel questioned him about this disobedience to Father’s Commands, Saul lied by saying that, the People disobeyed him, and by claiming that they were going to make sacrifices to Father with the king and the livestock which they had kept alive. For this disobedience, Father told Saul through His Prophet that, He rejected Saul and He rejected Saul as the king of Israel. After telling Saul these things, Samuel turned to walk away from Saul; but, Saul reached out to grab ahold of Samuel, and upon doing so, he ripped Samuel’s robe, Samuel immediately turned around and told Saul in a stern voice that, as he had ripped his garment, Father has ripped the kingdom out of his hand and was now going to give it to another man, and not his son. Samuel then tolod Saul to bring Agag to him and upon Agag being brought, Samuel fulfilled Father’s Command and slew Agag. (3) King Saul, after hearing the women singing and saying “Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands” Saul became very angry, and from that day until his death, he chased after, in order to kill, David, whom Father had already anointed to be the Second king of the House of Israel; (4) After Samuel had died and Father had abandoned Saul, Saul was about to war against the Philistines; but, Saul was afraid because, he didn’t have Samuel to guide him and seek Father—not that it would have mattered because, Saul probably would have disobeyed what Father would have told him anyway—so, Saul sought out a woman who had a familiar spirit as, he wanted to communicate with Samuel, even though Samuel was dead. This was a big NO NO as, Father Commanded in Leviticus 19:31; 20:36; and Deuteronomy 18:11 that His Children were not to seek or regard those who have or deal with familiar spirits. † The etymology of the name Saul or Shaul comes from the verb שאל .(shaיal) meaning to ask, inquire, borrow, beg: For a meaning of the name Shaul or Saul, New Open Bible Study Edition (NOBSE) Study Bible Name List reads Asked (of God), although God is not referred to in this name. Brown Driver Briggs (BDB) Theological Dictionary interprets our name Saul with Asked (of YHVH). Jones’ Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads a more correct Asked For. † Now from the Strong’s Concordance, where we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7586, - שָׁאוּל, - shâ'ûl, pronounced - shaw-ool’, and means: Passive particle of H7592; asked; Shaul, the name of an Edomite and two Israelites: - Saul, Shaul. Total KJV occurrences: 406. † Now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, where we read: “(desired), more accurately Shaul. The first king of Israel, the son of Kish, and of the tribe of Benjamin. His character is in part illustrated by the fierce, wayward, fitful nature of the tribe and in part accounted for by the struggle between the old and new systems in which he found himself involved. To this we must add a taint of madness. which broke out in violent frenzy at times leaving him with long lucid intervals. He was remarkable for his strength and activity II Samuel 1:25 and, like the Homeric heroes, of gigantic stature, taller by head and shoulders than the rest of the people, and of that kind of beauty denoted by the Hebrew word “good,” I Samuel 9:2, and which caused him to be compared to the gazelle, “the gazelle of Israel.” His birthplace is not expressly mentioned; but, as Zelah in Benjamin was the place of Kish’s sepulchre II Samuel 21:14, it was probable; his native village. His father, Kish, was a powerful and wealthy chief though the family to which he belonged was of little importance I Samuel 9:1,21. A portion of his property consisted of a drove of asses. In search of these asses, gone astray on the mountains, he sent his son Saul It was while prosecuting this adventure that Saul met with Samuel for the first time at his home in Ramah, five miles north of Jerusalem. A divine intimation had made known to him the approach of Saul, whom he treated with special favor, and the next morning descending with him to the skirts of the town, Samuel poured over Saul’s head the consecrated oil, and with a kiss of salutation announced to him that he was to be the ruler of the nation I Samuel 9:25; I Samuel 10:1. Returning homeward his call was confirmed by the incidents which according to Samuel’s prediction, awaited him I Samuel 10:9,10. What may be named the public call occurred at Mizpeh, when lots were cast to find the tribe and family which was to produce the king, and Saul, by a divine intimation was found hid in the circle of baggage which surrounded the encampment I Samuel 10:17-24. Returning to Gibeah, apparently to private life, he heard the threat issued by Nahash king of Ammon against Jabesh-gilead. He speedily collected an army, and Jabesh was rescued. The effect was instantaneous on the people, and the monarchy was inaugurated anew at Gilgal I Samuel 11:1-15. It should be, however, observed that according to I Samuel 12:12, the affair of Nahash preceded and occasioned the election of Saul. Although king of Israel, his rule was at first limited; but, in the second year of his reign he began to organize an attempt to shake off the Philistine yoke, and an army was formed. In this crisis, Saul, now on the very confines of his kingdom at Gilgal, impatient at Samuel’s delay, whom he had directed to be present, offered sacrifice himself. Samuel, arriving later, pronounced the first curse, on his impetuous zeal I Samuel 13:5-14. After the Philistines were driven back to their own country occurred the first appearance of Saul’s madness in the rash vow which all but cost the life of his soil I Samuel 14:24,44. The expulsion of the Philistines, although not entirely completed, I Samuel 14:52, at once placed Saul in a position higher than that of any previous ruler of Israel, and he made war upon the neighboring tribes. In the war with Amalek, I Samuel 14:48; 15:1-9, he disobeyed the prophetical command of Samuel, which called down the second curse, and the first distinct intimation of the transference of the kingdom to a rival. The rest of Saul’s life is one long tragedy. The frenzy which had given indications of itself before now at times took almost entire possession of him. In this crisis David was recommended to him. From this time forward their lives are blended together [DAVID]. In Saul’s better moments he never lost the strong affection which he had contracted for David. Occasionally, too his prophetical gift returned, blended with his madness II Samuel 19:24. But his acts of fierce, wild zeal increased. At last the monarchy itself broke down under the weakness of his head. The Philistines re-entered the country, and just before giving them battle Saul’s courage failed and he consulted one of the necromancers, the “Witch of Endor,” who had escaped his persecution. At this distance of time it is impossible to determine the relative amount of fraud or of reality in the scene which follows, though the obvious meaning of the narrative itself tends to the hypothesis of some kind of apparition II Samuel 19:28. On hearing the denunciation which the apparition conveyed, Saul fell the whole length of his gigantic stature on the ground, and remained motionless till the woman and his servants forced him to eat. The next day the battle came on. The Israelites were driven up the side of Gilboa. The three sons of Saul were slain. Saul was wounded. According to one account, he fell upon his own sword, I Samuel 31:4, and died. The body on being found by the Philistines was stripped slid decapitated, and the headless trunk hung over the city walls, with those of his three sons I Samuel 31:9,10. The head was deposited (probably at Ashdod) in the temple of Dagon (I Chronicles 10:10). The corpse was buried at Jabesh-gilead I Samuel 31:13.”.
II Samuel 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel. —>
David made a league with them=David solemnized a covenant between he and the elders of Israel — the representatives of Father’s Children. Once the formality of the covenant was sealed, the leaders came before Father YHVH and anointed David their king. This anointing was for the People’s sake, for David had already been anointed by Father’s Prophet, Samuel, many years prior—when Saul was still king over Israel—to be the future king of Israel following the death of Saul; as Father’s ensample of how a king should not be, Saul was continually disobedient to Father, and therefore, He told Samuel that David was His choice to be the next king.
Anointed him=This is the third and last of David’s three anointing’s: the first was by “Samuel” in I Samuel 16:13; the second was by the “men of Judah” in II Samuel 2:4; and now by the “elders of Israel.”
5:4-5 Hebron. Reign.
II Samuel 5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. -> David was 30 years old when he was anointed king over the House of Judah, and is now either 37 or 38 as he begins his reign over the Nation or House of Israel. He will remain king for the remainder of his life in the flesh which will be another 33 years as we'll see when we get to the next verse. We see more of his similarity as a "type" for Jesus in this as, Jesus also was 30 when He began His ministry while He walked in the flesh.
II Samuel 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah. -> David starts out with his Capital City in Hebron; however, shortly after his anointing over all the Nation of Israel, he will move it to Jerusalem. First though, they have to defeat the inhabitants of that land - the Jebusites. Jerusalem in Father's favorite place in all His universe, it is the place He throws His skirt over and takes to spiritual wife as can be read in Ezekiel 16.
5:6-8 Jebusites expelled.
II Samuel 5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, “Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither:” thinking, David cannot come in hither. -> Sadly, the translators have really done a poor translation of this verse. What the Jebusites really said to David was this; "You king David and your Israelite Army are so weak; and we so strong that, even our blind and lame can prevent you from entering into our city." They were so over confident that they thought they could withstand any attack by Israel. They just didn't realize that with YHVH on your side you have the victory - David had YHVH whereas the Jebusites did not, David got the victory.
The land=The land of course is Canaan, in which is found Jebus which David will later rename Jerusalem.
II Samuel 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David. -> Strong hold of Zion=This is the hill of Ophel which is immediately south of Mount Moriah.
Zion=This is the first occurrence of the 154 times it is mentioned in the Old Testament. The number One Hundred Fifty-four being a multiple of 7 (Seven: Spiritual Perfection\Completeness) by 22 (TWENTY-TWO: Being the double of eleven, has the significance of that number in an intensified form,—disorganization and disintegration, especially in connection with the Word of God. For the number two is associated with the second person of the Godhead, the living Word. It is associated with the worst of Israel's kings,—Jeroboam (I Kings 14:20), and Ahab (I Kings 16:29), each reigning 22 years. Eleven, we have seen, derives its significance by being an addition to Divine order (10), and a subtraction from Divine rule (12). These are two of the three ways in which the written Word of God can be corrupted—the third being alteration. "The words of the LORD are pure words"—words pertaining to this world and therefore requiring to be purified. But these words have been altered, taken from, and added to by man. Is there anything in this which connects it with the fact that the letters of the alphabet (Hebrew) are twenty-two in number? Does it point to the fact that the revelation of God in being committed to human language and to man's keeping would thereby be subject to disintegration and corruption?); Zion is also used later in Father's Word (especially in prophesy) of the whole city.
City of David=Which is on Jebus, therefore, and not on the West side. This is also the first occurrence of this phrase, and it is mentioned forty-two times in the Old Testament, five (grace) of them used of Zion: II Samuel 5:7,9; I Kings 8:1; I Chronicles 11:5; and II Chronicles 5:2. Usually when someone conquered a city, that city was then named for the person who conquered it, as is the case here. They re-named Zion to "The City of David," David later renamed it Jerusalem or "habitation of peace."
II Samuel 5:8 And David said on that day, “Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain.” Wherefore they said, “The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.” -> To the gutter=David wasn’t too pleased with the Jebusites boldness in their rebuke of the strength of David’s God, himself and his army, he therefore was issuing a command, or, challenge, to his men that whosoever broke through the city walls so that the rest of the army could follow and defeat their enemy, would be made a ruler over many men. In the phrase to the gutter, in the Hebrew, this means "by or through the zinnor." The "zinnor" was a rock cut passage from the lower Gihon, or En-rogel (today called the Virgin's fount on the east of Ophel), which brought water through the passage to the city. In other words, this was how the city was supplied with water, and even a siege could not stop the water from flowing to the city. We can compare what David was saying here with how the city looked in the future when Nehemiah and the Israelites were about to move back into it and rebuild it as can be read in Nehemiah 2: Nehemiah 2:11 So I came to Jerusalem, and was there three days. -> Nehemiah loved their Capital City and could not wait to get back and start rebuilding it; he was there three days looking around and surveying the damage that Nebuchadnezzar and his men had done. [2:12] And I arose in the night, I and some few men with me; neither told I any man what my God had put in my heart to do at Jerusalem: neither was there any beast with me, save the beast that I rode upon. -> Nehemiah hadn’t taken anything except himself, some men and the animals they rode upon back to Jerusalem. Listen now to how he describes finding the once beautiful city: [2:13] And I went out by night by the gate of the valley, even before the dragon well, and to the dung port, and viewed the walls of Jerusalem, which were broken down, and the gates thereof were consumed with fire. -> Nehemiah finds all the walls no longer standing; even the gates were burned upon their hinges. When Nebuchadnezzar and his men besieged it seventy years previous, sadly, they utterly gutted it. [2:14] Then I went on to the gate of the fountain, and to the king's pool: but there was no place for the beast that was under me to pass. -> Rubble was strewn everywhere making riding upon an animal impossible, heck, in a lot of the places; even the animals themselves couldn’t pass. – Return to the present and David is telling his men that they need to find a way into the city.
Whosoever...shall be chief and captain=We find the answer to who made it first and thus became "chief" in I Chronicles 11:6 And David said, “Whosoever smiteth the Jebusites first shall be chief and captain.” So Joab the son of Zeruiah went first up, and was chief. -> It was David’s sister’s son—David’s nephew—Joab who made it up to Zinnor first, this is also how he was made captain of David’s little rag-tag army. Josephus says in his writings that a man named Araunah who was a friend of David's, owned property near to Jerusalem and it was probably he who revealed the secrets of the passage to Joab in order for him and the army to gain entry and thus defeat the Jebusites. David rewarded Araunah by sparing him his life after the Israelites took the city and we'll read of him again when we come to II Samuel 24:16.
The blind and the lame=This phrase really has nothing to do with the lame and the handicapped; for, it is only in reference to the strength and fortification of the city of Jebus itself. God takes care of the handicapped and he loves them very much. When an handicapped person speaks out for the Father it has a very strong influence on those listening, for they can see the love of God through that person. Again, the phrase and the slam given by the Jebusites was because they truly believed that they could not be defeated by anyone.
5:9 City of David.
II Samuel 5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo (a rampart [as filled in], that is, the citadel; or, mound) and inward. -> David dwelt in the fort=After capturing the entire city, David then moved his residence into the strong hold and set his men to rebuild the outer structures and walls. This rebuilding continued into his son Solomon's time as can be read in I Kings 9:15 and I Kings 11:27, it also continued to be rebuilt in king Hezekiah's time as can be read in II Chronicles 32:5 and then the wall was extended by king Manasseh in II Chronicles 33:14.
Millo=A place in ancient Jerusalem. Both name and place seem to have been already in existence when the city was taken from the Jebusites by David here in II Samuel 5:9; and also in I Chronicles 11:8. Its repair or restoration was one of the great works for which Solomon raised his "levy" in I Kings 9:15,24; and 11:27, and it formed a prominent part of the fortifications by which Hezekiah prepared for the approach of the Assyrians II Chronicles 32:5. The last passage seems to show that "the Milo" was part of the "city of David," that is, of Zion, compare with II Kings 12:20..
5:10 Greatness of king.
II Samuel 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him. -> Unlike the first man king of Israel - Saul, who never completely obeyed Father--though when he did Father also was with him--and followed His laws, statutes, and ordinances; David did, and because of this he was rewarded by Father by continuing to grow him in might, his kingdom and by His never leaving David's side.
The LORD God of hosts=YHVH ELOHIM Zebaioth or Sabaioth, one of Father's Titles. Denotes the LORD God of Israel as the Lord of all the hosts of heaven and earth, this title especially characterizes these Books of Samuel.
5:11 House of David.
II Samuel 5:11 And Hiram (noble) king of Tyre (a rock) sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house. -> Hiram king of Tyre=This Hiram is not the Hiram of I Kings 9:11 because that Hiram is still 60 years in the future to this time. Josephus says that this Hiram is most likely that Hiram's father. This Hiram was an ally of David's and they often had trade agreements between them, trading things such as we read here: cedar trees, hired help and the like. This most likely would never occurred had the Tribe of Asher expelled all the inhabitants of the lands allotted to them back in Judges 1: Judges 1:31 Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob: [1:32] But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: for they did not drive them out. -> We also know by reading Ezekiel 28 that in the first earth age, Father called satan “the king of Tyre,” of course, Tyre in the Hebrew tongue means "rock," and our adversary satan is the false rock. The king of Tyrus (satan) was the king of merchandising, trying to buy his way in to where ever he went. This king of Tyre is no different than this other king of Tyre (satan), for he too is trying to buy his way in with David. He will supply the men and material for David's house; and of course unbeknownst to David, with his assistance will come all sorts of strings attached to that assistance. This is a type of what we ought to be paying attention to, for it is also how satan works, he tries to buy his way into our lives by offering us worldly things, things which go against Father.
Hiram=The king of Tyre who sent workmen and materials to Jerusalem, first here in II Samuel 5:11; also in I Chronicles 14:1, to build a palace for David (B.C. 1064), whom he ever loved in I Kings 5:1, and again in I Kings 5:10; 7:13; and II Chronicles 2:16, to build the temple for Solomon, with whom he had a treaty of peace and commerce in I Kings 5:11-12. He admitted Solomon's ships issuing from Joppa, to a share in the profitable trade of the Mediterranean in I Kings 10:22, and the Jewish sailors, under the guidance of Tyrians, were taught to bring the gold of India I Kings 9:26, to Solomon's two harbors on the Red Sea. Hiram was also the name of a man of mixed race as we can read of in I Kings 7:13,40, the principal architect and engineer sent by King Hiram to Solomon..
Tyre=A celebrated commercial city of Phoenicia, on the coast of the Mediterranean. Its Hebrew name, Tzor , signifies a rock; which well agrees with the site of Sur , the modern town, on a rocky peninsula, formerly an island. There is no doubt that, previous to the siege of the city by Alexander the Great, Tyre was situated on an island; but, according to the tradition of the inhabitants, there was a city on the mainland before there was a city on the island; and the tradition receives some color from the name of Palaetyrus, or Old Tyre, which was borne in Greek times by a city on the continent, thirty stadia to the south. Notices in the Bible . --In the Bible Tyre is named for the first time in the of Joshua in Joshua 19:29, where it is adverted to as a fortified city (in the Authorized Version "the strong city") in reference to the boundaries of the tribe of Asher, But the first passages in the Hebrew historical writings, or in ancient history generally, which actual glimpses of the actual condition of Tyre are in the book of Samuel in II Samuel 6:11, in connection with Hiram king of Tyre sending cedar wood and workmen to David, for building him a palace; and subsequently in the book of Kings, in connection with the building of Solomon's temple. It is evident that under Solomon there was a close alliance between the Hebrews and the Tyrians. Hiram supplied Solomon with cedar wood, precious metals and workmen, and gave him sailors for the voyage to Ophir and India, while on the other hand Solomon gave Hiram supplies of corn and oil, ceded to him some cities, and permitted him to make use of some havens on the Red Sea I Kings 9:11-14; 26:28; and 10:22. These friendly relations survived for a time the disastrous secession of the ten tribes, and a century later Ahab married a daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians I Kings 16:31, who, according to Menander, was daughter of Ithobal king of Tyre. When mercantile cupidity induced the Syrians and the neighboring Phoenicians to buy Hebrew captives from their enemies, and to sell them as slaves to the Greeks and Edomites, there commenced denunciations, and at first threats of retaliation as can be read in Joel 3:4-8; and Amos 1:9-10. When Shalmaneser, king of Assyria, had taken the city of Samaria, had conquered the kingdom of Israel, and carried its inhabitants into captivity, he laid siege to Tyre, which, however, successfully resisted his arms. It is in reference to this siege that the prophecy against Tyre in Isaiah Isaiah 32:1, was uttered. After the siege of Tyre by Shalmaneser (which must have taken place not long after 721 B.C.). Tyre remained a powerful state, with its own kings Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; and Ezekiel 28:2-12, remarkable for its wealth, with territory on the mainland, and protected by strong fortifications Ezekiel 26:4,6,8,10,12; 27:11; 28:5; and Zechariah 9:3. Our knowledge of its condition thenceforward until the siege by Nebuchadnezzar depends entirely on various notices of it by the Hebrew prophets; but some of these notices are singularly full, and especially the twenty-seventh chapter of Ezekiel furnishes us, on some points, with details such as have scarcely come down to us respecting any one city of antiquity excepting Rome and Athens. Siege by Nebuchadnezzar . --In the midst of great prosperity and wealth, which was the natural result of extensive trade Ezekiel 28:4, Nebuchadnezzar, at the head of an army of the Chaldees, invaded Judea and captured Jerusalem. As Tyre was so near to Jerusalem, and as the conquerors were a fierce and formidable race Habakkuk 1:6. It would naturally he supposed that this event would have excited alarm and terror amongst the Tyrians. Instead of this, we may infer from Ezekiel's statement Ezekiel 26:2, that their predominant feeling was one of exultation. At first sight this appears strange and almost inconceivable; but it is rendered intelligible by some previous events in Jewish history. Only 34 years before the destruction of Jerusalem commenced the celebrated reformation of Josiah, B.C. 622. This momentous religious revolution II Kings 22:1; and 23:1, fully explains the exultation and malevolence of the Tyrians. In that reformation Josiah had heaped insults on the gods who were the objects of Tyrian veneration and love. Indeed, he seemed to have endeavored to exterminate their religion II Kings 23:20. These acts must have been regarded by the Tyrians as a series of sacrilegious and abominable outrages; and we can scarcely doubt that the death in battle of Josiah at Megiddo and the subsequent destruction of the city and temple of Jerusalem, were hailed by them with triumph and retribution in human affairs. This joy, as instances of divine retribution in human affairs. This joy, however, must soon have given way to other feelings, when Nebuchadnezzar invaded Phoenicia and laid siege to Tyre. That siege lasted thirteen years, and it is still a disputed point whether Tyre was actually taken by Nebuchadnezzar on this occasion. However this may be, it is probable that, on some terms or other, Tyre submitted to the Chaldees. The rule of Nebuchadnezzar over Tyre, though real, may have been light, and in the nature of an alliance. Attack by the Persians; Capture by Alexander . --During the Persian domination the Tyrians were subject in name to the Persian king and may have given him tribute. With the rest of Phoenicia they had submitted to the Persians without striking a blow. Toward the close of the following century, B.C. 332, Tyre was assailed for the third time by a great conqueror. At that time Tyre was situated on an island nearly half a mile from the mainland; it was completely surrounded by prodigious walls, the loftiest portion of which on the side fronting the mainland reached a height of not less than 150 feet; and notwithstanding the persevering efforts of Alexander, he could not have succeeded in his attempt if the harbor of Tyre to the north had not been blockaded by the Cyprians and that to the south by the Phoenicians, thus affording an opportunity to Alexander for uniting the Island to the mainland by an; enormous artificial mole. (The materials for this he obtained from the remains of old Tyre scraping the very dust from her rocks into the sea, as prophesied by Ezekiel in Ezekiel 26:3-4,12, and 21 more than 250 years before.) The immediate results of the capture by Alexander were most disastrous to Tyre, as its brave defenders were put to death; and in accordance with the barbarous policy of ancient times, 30,000 of its inhabitants, including slaves, free females and free children, were sold as slaves. It gradually, how ever, recovered its prosperity through the immigration of fresh settlers, though its trade is said to have suffered by the vicinity and rivalry of Alexandria. Under the Macedonian successors of Alexander it shared the fortunes of the Seleucidae. Under the Romans, at first it enjoyed a kind of freedom. Subsequently, however, on the arrival of Augustus in the East, he is said to have deprived both Tyre and Sidon of their liberties for seditious conduct. Still the prosperity of Tyre in the time of Augustus was undeniably great. Strabo gives an account of it at that period, speaks of the great wealth which it derived from the dyes of the celebrated Tyrian purple which, as is well known were extracted from shell-fish found on the coast, belonging to a species of the genus Murex . Tyre in the time of Christ and since. --When visited by Christ in Matthew 15:21 and Mark 7:24, Tyre was perhaps more populous than Jerusalem, and if so, it was undoubtedly the largest city which the Saviour is known to have visited. At the time of the crusades it was still a flourishing; city, when if surrendered to the Christians on the 27th of June 1144. It continued more than a century and a half in the hands of Christians, but was deserted by its inhabitants in A.D. 1291 upon the conquest of Acre (Ptolemaist) by the sultan of Egypt and Damascus. This was the turning-point in the history of Tyre, which has never recovered from the blow. Its present condition is a fulfillment of Ezekiel's prophecy Ezeliek 28:5. It contains, according to Volney, 50 or 60 poor families, who live in part by fishing; and is, as Bruce describes it, "rock whereon fishers dry their nets.".
5:12 Establishment of king.
5:12 Kingdom exalted.
II Samuel 5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that He had exalted his kingdom for His People Israel's sake. -> David understood that Father had Samuel anoint him king over His People not for David's sake; but, for His People's sake and even for the world's sake when you consider Who will come through David's loins. Like Father in the future will tell Jeremiah, Jeremiah 1:5 Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee, and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations. -> Father knew Jeremiah from the First Earth Age and ordained him to be a prophet for Him, well, He also knew David from the First Earth Age and what he did for Father in that Age, just as He knows what His Elect and all His other children did or didn't do and He selected David as His king and the seed-line through which He Himself will be born in the flesh.
5:13-16 Hebron. Family.
II Samuel 5:13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David. -> Father is with David and as we see, his house or strength continues to increase; however, he is beginning to push the limits in his taking of so many wives and concubines. Father told Moses that when He moved His Children into the Promised Land that they would rebel against Him and this is actually what David is doing by his taking of so many women. As we have discussed, he is looking at these women as possessions and he's trying to accumulate as many as he can; but, it's still a far cry from what his son Solomon will accumulate. The good thing for David is that he never forsakes Father and serves his wives and concubines false gods, unlike his son Solomon will do.
II Samuel 5:14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua (renowned), and Shobab (rebellious; or, apostate), and Nathan (given; or, a giver), and Solomon (peaceful), -> These four sons of David's mentioned here in this verse are from his wife - Bathsheba. The first two mentioned: Shammua and Shobab, this is the only mention of them in Father's Word; however, both Nathan and Solomon will play a larger role in the future. Solomon will be the next man king of Israel and it is his seed-line through which the Sceptre or kingship will continue, Nathan on the other hand will be the seed-line through which the Messiah, Father in the flesh will be born in approximately 1,000 years from this time as is documented in Luke 3: Luke 3:31 Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David,.
Shammua=Son of David, by his wife Bathsheba here in II Samuel 5:14 and I Chronicles 14:4, also known as “Shimea.”.
Shobab=Son of David by Bath-sheba II Samuel 5:14; I Chronicles 3:5; and 14:4..
Nathan=A son of David, by Bathsheba here in II Samuel 5:14; it was through Nathan that the seedline continued to Mary and ultimately – Christ, as can be read in Luke 3:31..
Solomon=(1) -- Early life and occasion to the throne: Solomon was the child of David's old age, the last born of all his sons I Chronicles 3:5. The yearnings of the "man of war" led him to give to the new-horn infant the name of Solomon (Shelomoth, the peaceful one ). Nathan, with a marked reference to the meaning of the king's own name (David, the darling, the beloved one ), calls the infant Jedidiah (Jedid'yah), that is, the darling of the Lord II Samuel 11:24-25. He was placed under the care of Nathan from his earliest infancy. At first, apparently, there was no distinct purpose to make him the heir. Absalom was still the king's favorite son as can be read in II Samuel 13:37 and 18:33, and was looked on by the people as the destined successor in II Samuel 14:13 and 15:1-6. The death of Absalom when Solomon was about ten years old left the place vacant, and David pledged his word in secret to Bath-sheba that he, and no other, should be the heir I Kings 1:13. The words which were spoken somewhat later express, doubtless, the purpose which guided him throughout I Chronicles 28:9,20. His son's life should not be as his own had been, one of hardships and wars, dark crimes and passionate repentance, but, from first to last, be pure, blameless, peaceful, fulfilling the ideal of glory and of righteousness after which he himself had vainly striven. The glorious visions of Psalms 72:1 may be looked on as the prophetic expansion of these hopes of his old age. So far, all was well. Apparently his influence over his son's character was one exclusively for good. Nothing that we know of Bath-sheba lends us to think of her as likely to mould her son's mind and heart to the higher forms of goodness. Under these influences the boy grew up. At the age of ten or eleven he must have passed through the revolt of Absalom, and shared his father's exile II Samuel 15:16. He would be taught all that priests or Levites or prophets had to teach. When David was old and feeble, Adonijah, Solomon's older brother attempted to gain possession of the throne; but he was defeated, and Solomon went down to Gihon and was proclaimed and anointed king. A few months more and Solomon found himself, by his father's death, the sole occupant of the throne. The position to which he succeeded was unique. Never before, and never after, did the kingdom of Israel take its place among the great monarchies of the East. Large treasures, accumulated through many years, were at his disposal. (2) -- Personal appearance: Of Solomon's personal appearance we have no direct description, as we have of the earlier kings. There are, however, materials for filling up the gap. Whatever higher mystic meaning may be latent in Psalms 45:1 or the Song of Songs, we are all but compelled to think of them us having had at least a historical starting-point. They tell of one who was, in the eyes of the men of his own time, "fairer than the children of men," the face "bright, and ruddy" as his father's Song of Solomon 5:10; and I Samuel 17:42, bushy locks, dark as the raven's wing, yet not without a golden glow, the eyes soft as "the eyes of cloves," the "countenance as Lebanon excellent as the cedars," "the chiefest among ten thousand, the altogether lovely" Song of Solomon 5:13-18. Add to this all gifts of a noble, far-reaching intellect large and ready sympathies, a playful and genial humor, the lips "full of grace," and the soul "anointed" as "with the oil of gladness" Psalms 45:1, and we may form some notion of what the king was like in that dawn of his golden prime. (3) -- Reign: All the data for a continuous history that we have of Solomon's reign are: (a) The duration of the reign, forty sears, B.C. 1015-975 I Kings 11:4. (b) The commencement of the temple in the fourth, its completion in the eleventh, year of his reign I Kings 6:1, and 37-38. (c) The commencement of his own palace in the seventh, its completion in the twentieth, year I Kings 7:1 and II Chronicles 8:1. (d) The conquest of Hamath-zobah, and the consequent foundation of cities in the region of north Palestine after the twentieth year II Chronicles 8:1-6. (4) -- Foreign policy: (a) Egypt. The first act of the foreign policy of the new reign must have been to most Israelites a very startling one. He made affinity with Pharaoh, king of Egypt, by marrying his daughter I Kings 3:1. The immediate results were probably favorable enough. The new queen brought with her as a dowry the frontier city of Gezer. But the ultimate issue of alliance showed that it was hollow and impolitic. (b) Tyre. The alliance with the Phoenician king rested on a somewhat different footing. It had been a part of David's policy from the beginning of his reign. Hiram had been "ever a lover of David." As soon as he heard of Solomon's accession he sent ambassadors to salute him. A correspondence passed between the two kings, which ended in a treaty of commerce. The opening of Joppa as a port created a new coasting-trade, and the materials from Tyre were conveyed to that city on floats, and thence to Jerusalem II Chronicles 2:16. In return for these exports, the Phoenicians were only too glad to receive the corn and oil of Solomon's territory. The results of the alliance did not end here. Now, for the first time in the history of the Jews, they entered on a career as a commercial people. (c) The foregoing were the two most important to Babylon alliances. The absence of any reference to Babylon and Assyria, and the fact that the Euphrates was recognized as the boundary of Solomon's kingdom II Chronicles 9:26, suggests the inference that the Mesopotamian monarchies were at this time comparatively feeble. Other neighboring nations were content to pay annual tribute in the form of gifts II Chronicles 9:28. (d) The survey of the influence exercised by Solomon on surrounding nations would be incomplete if we were to pass over that which was more directly personal the fame of his glory and his wisdom. Wherever the ships of Tarshish went, they carried with them the report, losing nothing in its passage, of what their crews had seen and heard. The journey of the queen of Sheba, though from its circumstances the most conspicuous, did not stand alone. (5) -- Internal history: (a) The first prominent scene in Solomon's reign is one which presents his character in its noblest aspect. God in a vision having offered him the choice of good things he would have, he chose wisdom in preference to riches or honor or long life. The wisdom asked for was given in large measure, and took a varied range. The wide world of nature, animate and inanimate, the lives and characters of men, lay before him, and he took cognizance of all but the highest wisdom was that wanted for the highest work, for governing and guiding, and the historian hastens to give an illustration of it. The pattern-instance is, in all its circumstances, thoroughly Oriental I Kings 3:16-28. (b) In reference to the king's finances, the first impression of the facts given us is that of abounding plenty. Large quantities of the precious metals were imported from Ophir and Tarshish I Kings 9:28. All the kings and princes of the subject provinces paid tribute in the form of gifts, in money and in kind, "at a fixed rate year by year" I Kings 10:25. Monopolies of trade contributed to the king's treasury I Kings 10:28-29. The total amount thus brought into the treasury in gold, exclusive of all payments in kind, amounted to 666 talents I Kings 10:14. (c) It was hardly possible, however, that any financial system could bear the strain of the king's passion for magnificence. The cost of the temple was, it is true, provided for by David's savings and the offerings of the people; but even while that was building, yet more when it was finished one structure followed on another with ruinous rapidity. All the equipment of his court, the "apparel" of his servants was on the same scale. A body-guard attended him, "threescore valiant men," tallest and handsomest of the sons of Israel. Forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen made up the measure of his magnificence I Kings 4:26. As the treasury became empty, taxes multiplied and monopolies became more irksome. (d) A description of the temple erected by Solomon is given elsewhere. After seven years and the work was completed and the day came to which all Israelites looked back as the culminating glory of their nation. (e) We cannot ignore the fact that even now there were some darker shades in the picture. He reduced the "strangers" in the land, the remnant of the Canaanite races, to the state of helots, and made their life "bitter with all hard bondage." One hundred and fifty-three thousand, with wives and children in proportion, were torn from their homes and sent off to the quarries and the forests of Lebanon I Kings 5:15 and II Chronicles 2:17-18. And the king soon fell from the loftiest height of his religious life to the lowest depth. Before long the priests and prophets had to grieve over rival temples to Molech, Chemosh, Ashtaroth and forms of ritual not idolatrous only, but cruel, dark, impure. This evil came as the penalty of another I Kings 11:1-8. He gave himself to "strange women." He found himself involved in a fascination which led to the worship of strange gods. Something there was perhaps in his very "largeness of heart," so far in advance of the traditional knowledge of his age, rising to higher and wider thoughts of God, which predisposed him to it. In recognizing what was true in other forms of faith, he might lose his horror at what was false. With this there may have mingled political motives. He may have hoped, by a policy of toleration, to conciliate neighboring princes, to attract larger traffic. But probably also there was another influence less commonly taken into account. The widespread belief of the East in the magic arts of Solomon is not, it is believed, without its foundation of truth. Disasters followed before long as the natural consequence of what was politically a blunder as well as religiously a sin. (6) -- His literary works: Little remains out of the songs, proverbs, treatises, of which the historian speaks I Kings 4:32-33. Excerpts only are given from the three thousand proverbs. Of the thousand and five songs we know absolutely nothing. His books represent the three stages of his life. The Song of Songs brings before us the brightness of his -youth. Then comes in the book of Proverbs, the stage of practical, prudential thought. The poet has become the philosopher, the mystic has passed into the moralist; but the man passed through both stages without being permanently the better for either. They were to him but phases of his life which he had known and exhausted Ecclesiastes 1:1 and 2:1, and therefore there came, it’s in the confessions of the preacher, the great retribution..
II Samuel 5:15 Ibhar (yib-khar’) (whom YAH chooses; or, choice) also, and Elishua (el-ee-shoo'-ah)(YAH is my Salvation; or, God of supplication [or of riches]), and Nepheg (neh’-feg)(to spring forth a sprout), and Japhia (yaw-fee’-aw) (splendid; or, bright), -> Ibhar=One of the sons of David born in Jerusalem II Samuel 5:15; I Chronicles 3:6 and 14:6..
Elishua=One of David's sons, born after his settlement in Jerusalem II Samuel 5:15 and I chronicles 14:5..
Nepheg=One of David's sons born to him in Jerusalem II Samuel 5:15; I Chronicles 3:7 and 14:6..
Japhia=One of the sons of David born to him in Jerusalem II Samuel 5:15; I Chronicles 3:7 and 14:6..
II Samuel 5:16 And Elishama (el-ee-shaw-maw’)(whom YAH hears; or, YAH of hearing), and Eliada (el-yaw-daw’)(YAH [is] knowing; or, whom YAH cares for), and Eliphalet (el-ee-feh'-let)(YAH of deliverance). -> The number of sons is steadily increasing, thus again proving the strength of his house. -> Eliada=This is possibly a later name and his original name being "Beeliada" - I Chronicles 14:7. I say this because the word or name "baal" of which "beel" is another way of spelling, which at first may have been innocent; however, as time wore on, it became associated with idolatry.
Elishama=A son of King David II Samuel 5:16; I Chronicles 3:8; and 14:7..
Eliada=One of David's sons; according to the lists, the youngest but one of the family born to him after his establishment in Jerusalem here in II Samuel 5:16 and in I Chronicles 3:8..
Eliphalet=The last of the thirteen sons born to David after his establishment in Jerusalem II Samuel 5:16 and I Chronicles 14:7. Also called Eliphelet in I Chronicles 3:8..
5:17-25 Philistines vanquished.
5:17-25 PHILISTINES VANQUISHED. (Extended Alternation.)
5:17-18 Positions of Philistines.
II Samuel 5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold. -> And went down to the hold=This verse as we read it here in II Samuel 5:17 doesn't make sense being placed here in Father's Word. What I mean is this - I, like several other notable scholars of Father's Word and even I Chronicles 14:8 supports, that this event as described here, actually took place prior to David coming to Jebus and defeating the Jebusites, and then moving his belongings into the fortified citadel. With that being said, I repeat, David defeated the Jebusites and then moved his residence into the fortified citadel within the walled city of Jerusalem, so, it would not make sense for him to now leave the citadel or Jerusalem in order to go down to a strong hold, or, cave--as it was called previously in another Chapter, I Samuel 22:1, where it was Adullam--and hide. Also, the Philistines see David's strength increasing, and it would only make sense that they attack him in order to try and defeat the arch enemy before he becomes too strong.
Now, let's bring in I Chronicles 14:8 to read it as viewed from Father's point-of-view: I Chronicles 14:8 And when the Philistines heard that David was anointed king over all Israel, all the Philistines went up to seek David. And David heard of it, and went out against them. -> Notice he didn’t run away and hide in some cave, he went out and fought against them.
II Samuel 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. -> The rapha from whom the rephaim are descendants were of the nephilim or the fallen angels, in other words, they were the giants. The Philistines also were widely mixed in with the fallen angels - hence Goliath, Og and others. Dr. Bullinger did several extensive studies on this subject in his Companion Bible, Appendix 23 and 25. These were the ones who did not come to earth born of woman, but came to earth and bred with the daughters of men as can be read of in Genesis 6. It was the reason Father sent the flood during Noah’s days, in order to wipe out their and human woman offspring – the gibbor, or, giants. Jesus taught of this to Nicodemus in John 3, so let’s turn there and read of it: John 3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: -> First off, let's identify who the pharisees were, they, unlike the sadducees, believed in the resurrection – they believed in live after this flesh life. Nicodemus himself, as we can read in this verse is a pharisee, of course the pharisees wanted along with the chief priest, the elders, the scribes and the sadducees, to kill Jesus because of the miracles He performed and because He was drawing the people away from their teachings and doctrines – you see, the thought Him to be false. Nicodemus was also a member of the Sanhedrin – "The Great Synagogue of at first 120 members but later reduced to 70." This Great Synagogue consisted of (1) the chiefs of the priests; (2) the chief Levites; (3) the chiefs of the people; (4) the representatives of the cities; and (5) the doctors of the law. Nicodemus, though a member of the sanhedrin, knew better and he came to Jesus, as we'll learn, during the night time to talk with Jesus. Why during the night time? Because as a member of the Sanhedrin, people would then question if what the Sanhedrin was teaching was correct, and the Sanhedrin themselves would have been angry with Nicodemus. John 3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, "Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him." -> Nicodemus, like his fellow sadducees and sanhedrin had witnessed some of the miracles that Jesus had performed, and knew that no man could do the things that Jesus was doing, so he came to learn from Jesus. John 3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, "Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God." -> Jesus immediately goes into doctrinal and Salvation teaching with Nicodemus. What is the first thing Jesus tells him? "Man must be born again." Most Christians will say this does not mean a physical birth; but, a "spiritual rebirth;" however, let's look at this word "again." In the manuscripts, in the Greek, in the Strong's Concordance, it is Greek word number G509 - anōthen, pronounced - an'-o-then, and means: From G507; from above; by analogy from the first; by implication anew: - from above, again, from the beginning (very first), the top. . In order to come to the true meaning of this, we must first allow Jesus to continue His teaching of Nicodemus. It was Father's plan from the beginning – John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God. -> With that being said, you must grasp that the Word was written at the beginning of time itself when Father Created. And as such, it was His Plan from the Beginning that the angles would become flesh man and likewise He also would become flesh. Why? Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; -> He knew when He Created, that one (satan) would fall and draw one third of his children with him and in order to Prove to us His great love for us, He too would become flesh and go to the cross for us and die in the flesh for us. You see He too was "born from above." We can read of documentation for this in the Book of Jude whereby the penalty of the fallen angels is given, in as much as they left their place of habitation. Angels are to inhabit heaven; or paradise at this time, in the flesh age. Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, He hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. -> Angels were never to be upon the earth in this Flesh Age, they rebelled against Father, leaving their habitation and coming to try and interrupt the seedline through which He would become Flesh. Satan and they thought that if they could corrupt that seedline, then Father could\wouldn't be born and therefore satan could\would win the controversy and he, satan, would then be god. So the angels that rebelled with satan came to this Age as can be read in Genesis 6:1-4. Genesis 6:1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them, -> The plan by Father was for the "sons of God," - His children to be born in the Flesh and to do so, He made them both male and female. In my opinion the Female being the more beautiful of the two and also the stronger of the two – they bare the children. The races from Genesis 1 are populating the earth as were Adam's Genesis 2, and Seth's, and also Cain's and genealogies. Genesis 6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives all of which they chose. -> To understand who these "sons of God" are, let's go to Job 1:6 Now there came a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. -> These sons of God are the angels - the elohim, the same ones with whom Father is speaking with in Genesis 1:26, when He says - "let us make man in our image." We again can read of these angels - elohim, here from this verse in Jude 1:6 And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, He hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. -> This is also why Enoch, as we read in Genesis 5:24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him. -> Enoch was teaching of these fallen angels and what they were doing. What were they doing? It states it pretty clearly in this verse - "they saw the daughters of man, that they were fair, and they took them wives..." Now you may wonder how this can be, but, in reality it is quite easy to understand when you apply common sense. We look like the angels because we were once these "sons of God" in the age that was. These were awaiting their opportunity to be born in the flesh (stated as "again" by Jesus as we read here in John 3:3) and without the knowledge of the great sin of the falling away by satan and all those that followed him in that age; but, they chose not to be born of woman and instead, followed after satan and came to this earth age (think dimensions) in order to try and interrupt the seedline through which Father Himself would be born in the flesh through the Adamic seedline. Also, we know that as the Israelites wandered the wilderness for those thirty 38 years, unable to enter into the Promised Land because of their unbelief, while they were in the wilderness they ate "manna" - angels food. If angels have food, that means that they must have bodies to be able to receive food. We also know that when the angels came to visit Abraham on their way to Sodom and Gomorrah, they partook of human food. So this mating between the angels and flesh women should really be of no surprise to anyone. Something else to consider, Jesus warned us in Matthew 24 and Luke 17 that the angels will be coming back just prior to His return, and Paul also warned us in I Corinthians 11:10 that a woman ought (should) to have power on her head, of course that "power" is Jesus. Why? "because of the angels." Genesis 6:3 And the LORD said, "My Spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years." -> For that he also is flesh=Here Father has just shortened man's, both the sixth day created "ish - the races" and the eighth day formed "The man - eth-ha-adham" time in the flesh from one thousand years to one hundred and twenty years. In Genesis 3:22, Father had taken away the Tree of Life - Jesus, thereby requiring man to come to Christ in order to have salvation, thereby also requiring Himself to be born in the flesh. But again, this should be of no surprise as the Word was written from the beginning and it was Father's Plan all along. Genesis 6:4 There were giants in the earth in those days: and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. -> Giants=In the Hebrew, in the Strong's Concordance, is Hebrew word number H5303 - nephîyl, nephil, pronounced nef-eel', nef-eel' and means: From H5307; properly, a feller, that is, a bully or tyrant: - giant., so now let’s look at H5307: H5307 - nâphal, pronounced naw-fal' and means: A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively): - be accepted, cast (down, self, [lots], out), cease, die, divide (by lot), (let) fail, (cause to, let, make, ready to) fall (away, down, -en, -ing), fell (-ing), fugitive, have [inheritamce], inferior, be judged [by mistake for H6419], lay (along), (cause to) lie down, light (down), be (X hast) lost, lying, overthrow, overwhelm, perish, present (-ed, -ing), (make to) rot, slay, smite out, X surely, throw down. . These giants - angel and flesh woman hybrid offspring are the "mighty men" and in the Hebrew are H1368 - gibbôr or gibbôr, pronounced ghib-bore', ghib-bore' and means: Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant: - champion, chief, X excel, giant, man, mighty (man, one), strong (man), valiant man., remember (1) Goliath - who David slew; (2) His brother who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot; (3) Og, king of Bashan who had a bed that was 9 cubits long and 4 wide (ap 51; III. 2. 1. 1.), in other words, Og's bed was approximately 18 feet long and 8.5 feet wide; I named these three just to name a few, but there were many others. These fallen angels came and mated with all the races of the world but they were mainly interested in the Adamic seedline in order to stop Father from coming in the flesh thereby preventing man's salvation. We also see from Job 1:6 and other places that there were no "women - feminine" bodies in the spiritual bodies as all the verses read "sons of God." The female - feminine body is in this age to bring forth all of Father's children in this age, as well as the male - masculine, but in the eternity we will all be the "bride" or "wife" of Christ which leads to believe we will all be feminine. "And also after that" this is in reference to the time after Noah's flood. There was a second irruption and another attempt on the Adamic seedline after the flood. We can see these in Genesis 12:6 as well as Genesis 13:7 and many other places, again, see the Promised Land after Father led the Israelites up out of their bondage to the Egyptians, Goliath, his brother, Og and others. The seven nations Father wanted the Israelites to utterly destroy and can be read of in Deuteronomy 7:1 and following. Back to John 3; in other words, this "death" was to go contrary to Father's plan. The people did, but it is essential that one be "born from above." Your soul comes from above, from Father, for we were with YHVH in that first earth age, and upon death Ecclesiastes 12:7 tells us that our soul immediately returns to Father. Within Father's plan, because of what happened in the first earth age, all souls must be born innocent from above. Father's plan requires that each soul come into this world age through its mother's womb, and make its own mind up whether that soul will follow God or Satan. That is free will, the right to choose the final destination of your own soul. They must be born innocent of the what happened in the first earth age, and the result of that first overthrow by Satan's downfall, as recorded in Genesis 1:2, when "the earth became void." Jesus is giving the very basics of salvation to Nicodemus. We'll see by the next verse, that Nicodemus didn't and\or couldn't understand what Jesus was talking about. We'll also see when we come to Verse v3:7, that Jesus says "you must be born again," meaning that if not, your soul will not make it to see the eternity - Salvation. John 3:4 Nicodemus saith unto him, "How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born?" -> Nicodemus still confused, asks Jesus "how can a man (no gender involved) literally become unborn and climb back into his mother's womb and be born again?" Like Nicodemus, many a man also has to this day confused this verse. John 3:5 Jesus answered, "Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. -> Jesus now tells Nicodemus that two births are necessary; the birth of the "water" and the birth of the "spirit." So let's define these two births. We need to do this because this verse again like Verse v3:3 above, have been taken out of context and wrongly taught by man. Man teaches that this means a person must be baptized and when they are baptized, they then receive the Holy Spirit. But, this is NOT what Jesus is teaching. And WHO DO YOU WANT TO TEACH YOU - Jesus or man? So, let's listen to Jesus teach us what this means. To be born from above is to be born of the womb of your mother. Every child is born in a bag of water, in fact the normal birth is announced by the breaking of the waters within the birthing bag. So we see in this, that one must be born of woman, in innocence, and then "be born of the spirit." And not of the "spirit" that some men teach. Again, let's look and see Jesus' teaching on this being born of the Spirit. To be "Born of the spirit" means; - to accept the Spirit of Christ, meaning; - your soul choosing by "free will" the Spirit of Christ into your spirit. That is what the marriage of Christ is all about; to become one in Christ. This is why most people simply do not know what being "born from above means," - they disregard what happened in Genesis 6, and in that first earth age. They overlook all of satan's attempts to destroy Father's Plan; to come in this Age as His Son, through the womb of woman, in order that we might have redemption. It was satan's plan to interrupt Father's Plan by corrupting the seedline through which He would come. God intervened in satan's attempt, as He always will do. This is why Enoch's teaching, I Corinthians 10:11, and the book of Jude are so important. John 3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. -> To understand what Jesus is teaching Nicodemus and us, let us go to Paul's teaching in I Corinthians 15:35 But some man (never listen to man) will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come? -> Here in I Corinthians 15 Paul is telling us what happens to our flesh bodies when we bury them in the earth. Sharpen up for me because if you do; shortly you will understand, and won't be confused any longer. If you believe in the resurrection (and you better or you are not a Christian), you're going to learn how the resurrection takes place for us; Where it takes place; and with what body do we rise. Of course we're talking about our physical bodies change. We know from Ecclesiastes 12:6-7 that as soon as we die; our physical body starts to return to the dust from which it was formed, and our Spiritual body returns to the Father who gave it. But, just how does this happen? I Corinthians 15:36 Thou fool, (if you listen to man, that is what you can become – a fool) that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: -> The word "quickened in the Greek manuscripts, in the Strong's Concordance is Greek word number G2227 - zōopoieō, pronounced - dzo-op-oy-eh'-o, and means: From the same as G2226 and G4160; to (re-) vitalize (literally or figuratively): - make alive, give life, quicken. , Back in I Corinthians 15:22 Paul stated: I Corinthians 15:22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. -> The word quickened is the same as is used by Paul here in this verse – to make alive. And it means that everybody: sinners and saints are made alive through Jesus Christ. It doesn't mean that the soul is raised to eternal life. Why? For several reasons; but for this instance, in this verse, it is because that is not the subject – the subject is what happens to the physical body. As we learned: to quicken means to revitalize, as in the soul. The soul becomes conscious and ready for Judgment. Again, this doesn't mean that all souls are or will be "saved," but that are souls that have returned to the Father, and those souls that will return to Father either by the body dying or at Christ's return at His Second Advent, will be there in His 1,000 year Millennium, some to do the teaching and disciplining and some to receive teaching and disciplining. It will not be until the end of the Millennium, when, after satan is loosed again, for a short period of time, that, then will come the Great White Throne Judgment. Again, some for rewards and some for punishment: – the Lake of Fire or the Second Death – the death of the soul. But either way, all the souls have to be there for this time to face. Father tells us through Paul in Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. -> Putting Father's Word in your mind, becomes the "sealing" of Revelation 9:4, and also becomes the normal thought for all your thoughts: - it becomes foremost and forefront of all thought. Our Lord, Jesus, He is The Living Word - John 1:1, and He can discern the intend of our thoughts – what's in our heart: II Chronicles 6:30 Then hear thou from heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and render unto every man according unto all his ways, whose heart thou knowest; (for thou only knowest the hearts of the children of men:) -> Within our body is our Spirit which He created and he knows and we cannot fool Father – not ever. We have to be able to separate and distinguish the Spirit, the soul and the body to be able to fully understand the resurrection. Paul will now explain our flesh body utilizing agricultural terms for us. This is what happens to our flesh, not our soul or Spirit. I Corinthians 15:37 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain: -> It isn't hard really when you think about it. And like Paul is doing here, he is comparing our flesh and blood body with other living things: - grass, trees, plants etc. When a seedling is taken from, let's say a kernel of corn, first you must remove the cover from off the seedling, then that seedling is naked as a new born baby. This seedling is not the stalk of corn you'll see come up next year as it'll have a totally different look to it. No, first, it'll have to die out, or "dry out." Only after that happens, will it then be ready for planting – much like us. Our body too has to die, so that our Spirit can be prepared to return to Father: - or raise a beautiful new Spiritual body. The flesh body dies, and that new (or, old, depending on how you look at it) Spiritual body; - raises to be in paradise, either on the side of the gulf with the rich man: - away from Christ, or the side with Lazareth and Abraham – with Christ. Nowhere In Father's Word does it say that the flesh will rise and be in heaven, as a matter of fact, Father's Word declares just the opposite: I Corinthians 15:50 "…Flesh and blood cannot inherit the Kingdom of God…" Christ's Body though did resurrect, why? So that man could not say, "see, He's dead: there's His body." But in reality, His body didn't rise, it was transfigured like when He appeared to Peter, James, and John, James' brother in Matthew 17:1-13. This transfigured body was also the body that the women saw at the tomb, and also His apostles saw after He resurrected. So, likewise, the body of the seed of corn that we plant for our crop the following year, when it springs up, it is not the same body that we put in the ground the previous year. When you plant any seed, flowers, corn, or wheat, there is an embryo deep inside of the body of that plant. As the body of the parent plant decays, it feeds this little embryo that is deep within that seed or kernel of corn. Then when the water, and temperature, and soil are just right, then that embryo springs forth into new life, and a new plant is formed. That is exactly as it is with our flesh body, the old flesh body must die before the new life of our new spiritual of soul body can come forth. The time that it takes for the new spiritual life to come from the death of the old flesh body is instant. The instant that the flesh body dies, the soul and spirit body is present with the Lord that gave it in the first place. The flesh decays back into the elements of the earth that it is made of, and your soul returns to the Father. Paul could not have made it more simpler than the using of a grain of wheat in comparison to our flesh bodies. Just as all of nature functions, so it is with man. I Corinthians 15:38 But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body. -> It was and is Father's pleasure to bring man in the flesh in order to be able Himself to likewise partake of such in order for Him to be able to redeem us back to Him. It is our purpose to utilize these bodies to bring glory to our Creator – ELOHIM. Wed can read of this in Revelation 4:11 Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created. -> On the sixth day--Genesis 1:26-31--Father created all the races, "and God saw every thing that He had made, and behold, it was very good…" And it was very pleasing to Him, but He still needed to bring forth the seedline through which He Himself would come, and when He formed Adam of the dust of the ground--Genesis 2:7-8--He likewise was pleased with this portion of His creation as well. Our bodies are given to our souls for the sake of being pleasing God, this is the only purpose that our souls exist in our physical bodies. Though our flesh bodies may have a missing a limb or part, the spiritual body within this physical body is still whole and complete. In all of nature, all seeds within them have their embryos for the sake of continuing life after they are gone. There is nothing to be ashamed of in the race that He created you, for it pleased God to create you as you are, and if it pleased Him, it had better be pleasing to you and make you proud of the race you were created. I Corinthians 15:39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds. -> ELOHIM - Father, created all things, that pure and that simple, and, they were all created for His pleasure – to bring Him joy and happiness. He created each person differently – except twins, but, man is different from dog, and dog different a cow and a cow different from a fish and a fish different from a bird. We don’t mate with His different creation and likewise they don't mate with creation that is different from them. Likewise also, when, after mating and the female conceives, like kind is then born of like kind – mankind doesn't give birth to animal, fish or bird. Obviously we're still talking about flesh bodies here, not the soul within the flesh body. Kind after kind and all according to Father and His plan for flesh bodies. Let's see what He told us about in from Genesis 1:24 And God said, "Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind cattle, and creeping things, and the beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. [1:25] And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw it was good. -> Father's plan didn't include animals breeding with different kinds of animals, in other words, cats breed cats, sheep – sheep and so on, likewise also every plant after its kind also. It is only man that tries to screw around with Father's natural order of things cross pollinating plants and fruits and vegetables. Likewise also it is only man who tries to mate with like kind man with man and woman with woman – all against Father's Natural order. Father's creation was orderly and right when He created it in the Age that was. The conflict started with satan's rebellion back in the first earth age, when he fell away from Father in order to take Father's place on the Mercy Seat. It was at that time that he also drew one third of all souls or children of Father with him in that rebellion. Now in this age, Father provided a way that all souls could be brought back to him; and that way is through your fresh start in your flesh body by choosing Christ or satan. Father created your soul for His pleasure, and your flesh body houses that soul during this part of God's plan. When your flesh body dies, then it is time for the soul to move back to the Father from where it came, from when He placed your soul into the embryo of your mother at conception. When the body dies and the soul returns to Father, at first that soul rejoices and prays to the glory of Father. If that soul is one that loved not Father and transgressed His laws, then that soul's countenance falls because it finds it has been sent to the side of the Gulf that the rich man found himself on, if the soul is one that loves Father and kept His laws, statutes, and ordinances, that soul continues in its glorying of Father as it finds itself on the side of the Gulf with Lazareth and Abraham. Either way, all souls return to Father in Paradise, for that is where all must go to be judged. Unlike a lot of men and hollyweird teach, there is no hell now, today. Hell is the Lake of Fire, and the Lake of Fire doesn't happen until when Father consumes a soul and unless you are one of the fallen angels who will be consumed at the end of this Age, or satan's role of the false prophet – antichrist, you will first go through Christ's 1,000 year Millennium and then the Great White Throne Judgment. Father is fair and just and no soul, except those mentioned, will be judged before the Judgment. This is also why the fly away doctrine – the rapture is so wrong. Those that say they'll be raptured, say that those left behind are doomed – judged, which absolutely goes against the word of Father. Likewise also, those people that teach that the dead body is going to rise up out of the grave simply don't know what they are talking about. Flesh causes you to sin, and when we are done with this flesh body, it is done away with. Why would you want any part of that old decaying body. The flesh body dies to give your spiritual body new life and a new body that will not age and get sick. I Corinthians 15:40 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. -> Paul is still discussing bodies not souls in this verse. Celestial bodies are the heavenly bodies, likewise also terrestrial bodies are our earthly bodies. Like we learned of the corn kernel, our body has two bodies within it, the physical and the heavenly soul; the outer physical body has to die before the soul can be raised and return to Father in Paradise. I Corinthians 15:41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory. -> Father created all things, the sun, the moon all the stars and planets, everything that is on the planets. Each has its own glory, it's own beauty, its own lifespan. And just as each of us is different from another, so are the sun, moon, stars and planets all different from each other. This is as Father created it, and it is for this reason that He calls His children "stars" in the Book of Job. God asked Job to give Him answer to this question in Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? -> Each of the stars are different and so are each of the children that God created. Every one of them has a different body. Yet every last one of them was created for God's pleasure. I Corinthians 15:42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: -> Here Paul is telling us that our flesh body has to die in order for the soul to be able to return to Father. From the day that we are born, our body grows and starts preparing for its destruction so that the soul can return. There is nothing to be afraid of in that; - it's Father's natural order of our bodies. The only ones who fear this natural order are those souls that refuse Father and His natural order of things. And what do they do? First off they try to deny that they were created by a Loving Father and say "there is no God." Next they try to change His order of things by trying to find ways to extend their lives – sort of like when man built the Tower of Babylon after Father flooded His earth in order to get rid of the giants – the offspring of the fallen angels and flesh woman. Next, like today, they start looking for ways to "clone" themselves to extend their lives. When in reality, there is nothing to fear about dying and returning to Father. I Corinthians 15:43 It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: -> We are born with a sinful nature – Father created us that way on purpose, for there is only one that was sin free and that was Father in His flesh body – Jesus Christ. If He had created us in likewise a sin free body, man's pride would have gotten him the same place it got satan when he became puffed up in himself and fell. Heck, even in our sinful nature, look at man's pride and turning away from Father who created us. We are all sinners; but, in Christ we can be raised incorruptible. Only through the Blood of The Lamb of God – Jesus – Father, can we have complete forgiveness of all of our sins. Though He created us this way, it is not a license to commit sin, in order to be forgiven we must repent – have a change of heart, and ask His forgiveness. I Corinthians 15:44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. -> Two bodies – natural – physical – terrestrial and the other within this natural, is the Spiritual – soul – celestial. Let's look at the word "raised" here in this verse. In the Greek manuscripts, in the Strong's Concordance, it is Greek word number G1453 - egeirō, pronounced - eg-i'-ro, and means: Probably akin to the base of G58 (through the idea of collecting one’s faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence): - awake, lift (up), raise (again, up), rear up, (a-) rise (again, up), stand, take up.. This is what happens when our physical body dies, our inner man, our soul awakens and rises to heaven to be in Paradise. Inside our soul is our Spirit or "intellect of the soul." It is thus that awakens and becomes conscious in the heavenly realm. You have two bodies, one natural body contains your spiritual body, and that spiritual body is awakened to a new life, when the flesh or natural body dies and releases your soul. Your spirit and your soul are together, for the spirit is your "self", "the intellect of your soul" which houses your spirit within you. Your spirit never leaves your soul, even at the death of your flesh body. Satan does not have any power over your spiritual body, but only your flesh body. Man and satan can tear your flesh body to pieces and cause you to do all sorts of things, but no-one can damage your soul, not man, not satan nor the angels. God is the only one that can destroy the soul and that comes at the end of the Millennium age, following judgment. However, through deception, satan can cause you to sin against God, and thus be in trouble before the Almighty God. This is why we have repentance in the name of Jesus to become right-standing before Father again. It just can't be made any clearer than Paul has made it here. You have two bodies, the flesh and the spiritual bodies. When the flesh body dies, then the spiritual body is awakened and come alive within itself. It starts to live a life without the baggage of the flesh body confining it to the limits of the flesh. Let's look at what Solomon told us in Ecclesiastes: Ecclesiastes 9:5 For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten. -> This is written by Solomon to the flesh man that walks under the sun, and when the life of the flesh is over, it has no more knowledge or thought than a stick or rock. It is useless, but the soul that is within it is gone and with the Father. I Corinthians 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. -> What does the word "Adam" in the Hebrew mean? In the Hebrew manuscripts, in the Strong's Concordance, it is Hebrew word number (first from the Greek) G76 – Adam, pronounced - ad-am', and means: Of Hebrew origin [H121]; Adam, the first man; typically (of Jesus) man (as his representative): - Adam.. Now from the Hebrew H120 - 'âdâm, pronounced - aw-dawm', and means: From H119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.): - X another, + hypocrite, + common sort, X low, man (mean, of low degree), person.. So we see that adam, means to be "ruddy complected," or to show blood in the face. When God created Adam from the dust of the earth, he placed a living soul with his body. The last Adam was brought about through the generations of births through the natural process, and we read in Luke 3:23-38 the blood line or lineage of Jesus all the way back to Adam the first created. It is through the last Adam; - Jesus Christ that "quickening" or "life giving" spirit enters into man's souls. I Corinthians 15:46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. -> Paul is stating fact here in this verse: howbeit or indeed or nevertheless, before we can return Home to be with Father in Paradise, we have to first be born as Jesus is teaching us here in John 3 through the womb of a woman, from above, then and only then can we return and possibly have eternal life with Father. I Corinthians 15:47 The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven. -> The first man, Adam and also all the races were and are of the earth, though again, even we came from a Spiritual body before we became flesh, and it is to Spiritual we return. Remember what God said to the angels (us) in Genesis 1:26 And God said, "Let us make man in Our image, after Our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. [1:27] So God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him; male and female created He them. -> He created us in these flesh bodies in the exact image as we were in our Spiritual Body. We don't "look like God because He looks like Himself" we look like us. This is why it is written of Jesus: John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word Was God. -> John 1:14 And the Word (Jesus Christ, Immanuel) was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. -> It was also why He stated while He walked in the flesh: John 14:9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father? -> So we see that each soul was to pass through this earth age of the flesh, in a flesh body, and God Himself came through that same natural form also. Jesus Christ came to pay the price that none of His created souls could do in the flesh. Jesus was perfect in His flesh life, and He set the path for us to follow. I Corinthians 15:48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. -> If you live for this world, that is that which you shall reap, likewise also, if you live for the world to come – The Millennium and the Eternity, it is That which you shall reap. Don't worry about the things in this Age of time for is but only for a short span of time, unlike our Spiritual selves which are already billions of years old and can have an eternity more years to live. I Corinthians 15:49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly. -> We were created in the image of the heavenly, then born in the earthly, and we go back to the heavenly. This is what Jesus is trying to teach Nicodemus here, and Jesus knew that Nicodemus should have understand, but didn't. Let's return now to John 3:7: John 3:7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. -> Jesus is saying to Nicodemus that he shouldn't be surprised that we have to be born from above, born through the womb of woman. If we refuse, then we are like the angels that refused and will go into the Lake of Fire at His coming. John 3:8 The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit." -> Jesus marvels that Nicodemus, a teacher of the Word, he, like the rest of us, can hear the blow, the rustling of the leaves of the trees, the sand whipping up and such, but he doesn't know where it originated or where it'll go to. This is an analogy by Jesus, using it to describe our soul, and it is a superb analogy. Look at it this way: like the wind in this verse; we know that we have a soul, and we know it came from Father – He created it, but, while in these flesh bodies, we cannot see where it came from and we really cannot grasp what it'll be like where it Returns to – Home with Father. We cannot understand that realm because Father, when He sent us in these flesh bodies, removed the knowledge of His realm from our minds. John 3:9 Nicodemus answered and said unto him, "How can these things be?" -> Nicodemus still cannot wrap his head around what Jesus is teaching him, and for the second time as Him "how?" Quite like many preachers today, when you share this Truth with them. Many years from now, Paul will address this very issue for us in Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:  So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for Him shall He appear the second time without sin, unto salvation. -> We are appointed to come to the flesh from Father, live for the number of years He has appointed (my opinion, don't ask me to document), and then return Home to Him. When this happens we don't see the transfer of the soul when its spirit goes back to Father. We can't see it, though it happens. When you do not understand the spiritual realm – Father's Kingdom, it is difficult to grasp how these things should be. Nicodemus had seen enough of Jesus' miracles to know that the miracles He performed did not come from the physical realm, they had to be of Father. Nicodemus is opening his mind up to Jesus for understanding. John 3:10 Jesus answered and said unto him, "Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things? -> Jesus specifically calls to Nicodemus' attention that he is a teacher of the Word, but yet, how can you be a teacher and not know or understand what happens? This is the very reason that so many preachers fall short in their preaching – their "messages," even today. There are many that claim to be preachers of Father's Word, yet they peddle their wears of false teaching for many different reasons. As a mail carrier I see weekly the letters "Prayers by mail" seeking that monetary donation, like sending money can or will cause Father to answer a prayer. It breaks my heart because I cannot go the person which received the letter and or replied, and tell them that Father doesn't answer prayers for money – He doesn’t need our money, likewise also, He doesn't send out beggars. Matthew 10:5-10: Matthew 10:5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: [10:6] But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. [10:7] And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. [10:8] Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give. [10:9] Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses, [10:10] Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat. -> IF you do Father's Work, He will provide for all your needs, you'll never have to beg, or go to the elderly and make them feel bad or pressured into giving. If He has opened your eyes and ears to the Truth in His Word and you have the understanding of His Word, that is a gift from Father, that knowledge is His and He shares with whomsoever He will. Jesus is telling Nicodemus, you claim to be a teacher, and you don't even know this? Nicodemus, like many of the preachers today, didn't know the Word because he didn't study the word. Nicodemus studied the traditions that were accepted by the religious community of that day. In fact, he, being one of the Sanhedrin, was one of the spiritual leaders of that day and community. John 3:11 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness. -> Truly, truly, we teach what we know. Do you know the Word of God, or the traditions of the elders? Jesus was teaching Nicodemus that he needed to come out from false teachings and into the Truth and then to teach the same. How can you tell the difference? Get into Father's Word. Heck, this goes back to the Garden of Eden and satan tempting Eve, likewise also, when satan tempted Jesus – like that could happen. But, the point being, you can only know if you are hearing Truth, if you know the Word well enough. John 3:12 If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things? -> The reason we in our flesh bodies with our flesh thinking, find it so hard to understand Father's realm, is as Jesus tells Nicodemus here: - if I talk to you of earthly things and you don't understand, how do you think you would ever understand the heavenly things. John 3:13 And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven. -> Hear Jesus well here; He is giving the answer to v3:3, v3:5 and v3:7: no man can ascend back up to Father, unless he first came from above and was born of woman. Unlike the angels who refused to be born of woman. This does not mean that all that have been born of woman will have eternal life, for if they refuse to love Father and reject His Promises, they are in danger of losing their salvation. The good news though, (and again most preachers don't teach this because they don't understand this) during the Millennium, all those that did not have the chance to hear the Truth in Father's Word while here in the flesh, will have that opportunity during Christ's 1,000 Millennial reign when satan and his spirit will be bound and cast into the abyss for that entire period. Everybody has to return to Father, in Paradise, to first go through the Millennium and then stand before Father for Judgment.
5:19 Inquiry of YHVH.
II Samuel 5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand?” And the LORD said unto David, “Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.” -> David inquires of Father through Abiathar the High Priest who, inquires through the use of the Urim and Thummim. Father replies, giving David full assurance that, "yes, He will give David and the Israelites the victory over the Philistines. I'll tell you brethren, there aren't any better assurances than when Father gives you an assurance as He just gave David.
Here are another couple of good lessons for us to apply in our own lives: Whenever an enemy appears to be too strong for us, and they appear to be “giants” and too much for us to handle; then, that is the time to seek our direction from Father above. David went and inquired of Father, seeking direction and guidance for what he should do in this case. The two things that David wanted to know was: first, should I go to war with these Philistines; and secondly, are you going to deliver them into my hands. Father gave David His full assurance that the victory was going to be his. Another part of the lesson to be learned here was that too many times today, man wants to charge headlong into their battles of life without first consulting with Father, and then when things don’t turn out the way they thought they should have, they accuse Father for their stupid mistakes and blunders. They may have the best of intentions; however, if start-out without first asking Father's blessings on the matter, then, don't blame Him when things go bad.
I Chronicles 14 gives us an accounting of these battles with the Philistines from Father's perspective, so, let's turn there and read of this victory that Davdi and the Israelites will have over their arch enemy: I Chronicles 14:10 And David enquired of God, saying, “Shall I go up against the Philistines? and wilt thou deliver them into mine hand?” And the LORD said unto him, “Go up; for I will deliver them into thine hand." -> Did you notice the difference in Who David inquired of between II Samuel 5:19 and here in I Chronicles 14:10? In Samuel David inquired of YHVH; however, here in Chronicles it is ELOHIM. In Samuel it is YHVH'S faithfulness to David; while here, it is ELOHIM'S power as Creator of all things. Both pleas are complementary to, and, with one another, and we can compare them in this narrative: Here in Chronicles it's ELOHIM six times, and YHVH once; whereas, in Samuel it is YHVH six times, and not ELOHIM once. [14:11] So they came up to Baal-perazim; and David smote them there. Then David said, “God hath broken in upon mine enemies by mine hand like the breaking forth of waters:” therefore they called the name of that place Baal-perazim. -> Broken in=Here in Chronicles the verse merely states that Father through David is getting the victory over His (his) enemies; however, in Samuel we find that the verse states that Father "broke forth" which Dr. Bullinger calls an anthropopatheia - meaning that Father not only had the victory; but, that He also had great distain and contempt for the Philistines.
Baal-perazim=This can be translated "Lord of the divisions" or "Lord of the breaches." In other words: Father caused a division or breach in the camp of the Philistines to where they could not come against David – think of when the Egyptians were chasing the Israelites as they were fleeing Egypt and what happened when they came to the Red Sea, Father through Moses parted the Sea so that His people could walk across on dry ground; however, when the Egyptians tried to follow, then the sea came crashing down upon them. Here, Father sent division amongst the Philistines; thereby causing confusion in their camp. [14:12] And when they had left their gods there, David gave a commandment, and they were burned with fire. -> As David and the Israelites started to get the victory on the Philistines, they realized just like they did back in I Samuel 4:7, that YHVH had come into their camp; therefore, they fled as fast as their feet could carry them, let's turn back to there and re-read what they said at that time: I Samuel 4:7 And the Philistines were afraid, for they said, "God is come into the camp." And they said, "Woe unto us! for there hath not been such a thing heretofore. [4:8] Woe unto us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods? these are the Gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. -> They knew, just like all the other nations around them, that it was YHVH Who gave the Israelites the victory.
Another thing to pay attention to in this statement that the Philistines left their idols and false gods and David and his men burning and destroying them, is, that, this is what every Christian should also do to those things which go contrary to YHVH and His Word; but, in order to do this, you have to know Father's Word. All things which go against Father's Word should be put away or destroyed - including false teachings and traditions of man. [14;13] And the Philistines yet again spread themselves abroad in the valley. -> This didn't occur immediately after their defeat, it most likely happened quite a bit of time afterwards. In other words, they had to re-group, maybe even made themselves some new idols and gods first, before coming back up against Israel. [14:14] Therefore David enquired again of God; and God said unto him, “Go not up after them; turn away from them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees. -> David enquired again of God=Again we see the difference between David and Saul. Every time David is faced with a major decision, he turns to and inquires of Father, Saul on the other hand, almost every time had to be prompted by Samuel or someone else to seek Father's guidance and counsel.
And God said unto him, "Go not up again"=This is why it is so important that at the juncture of every decision, David and we, should seek Father's direction. Notice here, this time Father instructed David to not go up, for, as we'll see, Father has a different plan this time on how to defeat the Philistines.
And come upon them over against the mulberry tree=In I Samuel 5:23 this reads: "but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees." So what Father was instructing David to do was, to circle around the Philistines and then wait on Him, as, He'll first cause a diversion for David, and while that is then taking place and hte Philistines attention is drawn elsewhere, then, can David and his Army move upon the Philistines and have the victory. Father is not adverse to nor against using a little covert activity. [14:15] And it shall be, when thou shalt hear a sound of going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt go out to battle: for God is gone forth before thee to smite the host of the Philistines.” -> God is gone forth before thee to smite the host of the Philistines=Who is going to fight the battle here? Father is! What He told David was that when David heard the sound in the tree tops, it meant that His Army - The Army of ELOHIM was moving in for the kill of the Philistines. Remember earlier, I pointed out that Dr. Bullinger said Father had comtempt and distain for the Philistines? Well, here is the result of that condescension, He is having His Army go before Daivd, and when David hears ELOHIM'S Army move, then, David is to have his army quickly strike the Philistines. This reminds me of a future event to David, and a historical event to us. Elisha, in II Kings 6 is with his servant who had risen early and noticed that he and Elisha and the entire city they were in, were encompassed by an host of Syrians including horses and chariots. Elisha's servant was sore afraid, and Elisha told hims to fear not, for, more were with them than with the Syrians, he then prayed that Father open his servant's eyes in order that he might see Father's Army surrounding the enemy. [14:16] David therefore did as God commanded him: and they smote the host of the Philistines from Gibeon even to Gazer. -> David was obedient and therefore got the victory over Israel's arch enemy. What was the result of these victories?
Father—as Paul tells us in Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.—never changes. Just as He fought battles in David's day, He will also go before us to fight our battles in our lives today. However, when we make our requests known to Father, there are conditions which must be met and followed. You might call them "ifs," for, these conditions are all found within His Word, and when we do meet those conditions, we can expect Father to keep his promises to us. So, what happened in this war with the Philistines was that Father’s Army did the work, while David and his army received all the credit. [14:17] And the fame of David went out into all lands; and the LORD brought the fear of him upon all nations. -> Who brought the fear upon the Philistines? Father did! Now, let's continue reading of this accounting in I Samuel 5:
II Samuel 5:20 And David came to Baal-perazim (possessor of breaches), and David smote them there, and said, “The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters.” Therefore he called the name of that place Baal-perazim. -> Baal-Perazim=Baal having rents, bursts, or destructions, the scene of a victory gained by David over the Philistines here in II Samuel 5:20 also in I Chronicles 14:11. Called Mount Perazim in Isaiah 28:21. At this time it was near the valley of Rephaim, west of Jerusalem, today it is identified with the modern Jebel Aly..
II Samuel 5:21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them. -> As we saw in I Chronicles 14 the Philistines heard that ELOHIM was there fighting for Israel and they therefore dropped everything and fled. David then burned and destroyed their false gods and idols.
5:22 Position of Philistines.
II Samuel 5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. -> They always go back to the "land of the giants" for refuge, it's also where they put their trust, in satan's plans and tactics.
5:23-24 Inquiry of YHVH.
II Samuel 5:23 And when David enquired of the LORD, He said, “Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees. -> Father told David to have his men circle around behind the Philistines, and He would lead the charge.
II Samuel 5:24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
II Samuel 5:25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba (a hillock; or, a hill) until thou come to Gazer (gezer) (a precipice). -> Geba=A city of Benjamin, with "suburbs," allotted to the priests in Joshua 21:17 also found in I Chronicles 6:60. It is named amongst the first group of the Benjamite towns --apparently those lying near to and along the north boundary Joshua 18:24 where the name is given as Gaba. During the wars of the earlier part of the reign of Saul, Geba was held as a garrison by the Philistines I Samuel 13:3, but they were ejected by Jonathan. It is now the modern village of Jeba , which stands picturesquely on the top of its steep terraced hill, six miles north of Jerusalem, on the very edge of the great Wady Suweinit , looking northward to the opposite village of ancient Michmash, which also retains its old name of Mukhmas ..
Gazer=An ancient city of Canaan, whose king, Hiram or Elam, coming to the assistance of Lachish, was killed with all his people by Joshua Joshua 10:33 and 12:12. It formed one of the landmarks on the north boundary of Ephraim, between the lower Beth-horon and the Mediterranean Joshua 16:3, the western limit of the tribe I Chronicles 7:28. It was allotted with its suburbs to the Kohathite Levites Joshua 21:21 and I Chronicles 6:67, but the original inhabitants were not dispossessed Judges 1:29, and even down to the reign of Solomon the Canaanites were still dwelling there, and paying tribute to Israel I Kings 9:16. It was burned by Pharaoh in Solomon's time I Kings 9:15-17, and given to Solomon's Egyptian wife, and rebuilt by him..