I Samuel 17
We now come to a Chapter that just about everyone knows of, maybe not by Chapter Number, or maybe even by Book; however, within this Chapter is a battle that I would say that close to 80 percent of the world has heard of. The battle of "David and Goliath." It's funny, most people know that the story says that Goliath was a giant; however, they don't really question as to whether he really was a giant, they just accept it, having no knowledge of the how or why he was a giant, or if giants truly existed and or why they would be written of in Father's Word.
If you truly know and understand Father's Word; then you know that the giants did in fact exist, and you know they were born during the first influx of fallen angels during the time of Noah, and it was because Father wanted to destroy them: the gibbor, the giants, the hybrid offspring of the fallen angels and flesh woman, that He told Noah to build the Ark and to take his wife, their sons and their sons wives with them. These people were the only ones who had not mated and mixed with the fallen angels. Along with them though; Father also told them to take "two of all flesh." Sadly, most people because of "tradition and false teachings," believe these "two of all flesh" were only animals, when in reality they were not only the animals, but also, two of each of the races (ethnicity) of mankind. Yes, Father had completely destroyed and wiped-out the giants; however, the angels came back for a second time and again mated with flesh women and produced the hybrid giants. It was these - the giants and also the peoples whom were mating with the fallen angels that Father wanted the Israelites to utterly destroy when He brought them up out of Egypt. When they did not do this, they had to fight them over and over again and that brings us to this war between the Israelites and the Philistines, and even more closely, between David and Goliath.
16:1-27:4 CHOICE OF DAVID. (Division.)
17:1-27:4 David opposed by Saul. An earlier episode (17:1-18:9)
17:1-27:4 DAVID OPOSED BY SAUL. (Extended Alternation.)
17:1-18:9 War with the Philistines.
17:1-18:9 WAR WITH THE PHILISTINES. (Alternation.)
17:1-54 Battle with the Philistines.
17:1-54 BATTLE WITH THE PHILISTINES. (Introversion.)
17:1-3 The two armies. Arrayed.
I Samuel 17:1Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongethto Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah (tilled or dugover), in Ephes-dammim (cessation of blood-shed or boundary of blood drops). -> The two battle lines (those of the Philistines and those of the Israelites) are set in array. The Philistines have entered into the territories of Judah known as Shochoh in order to make the Israelites servants to the Philistines like they have several times in the past; and as we'll see, the Israelites are in by the valley of Elah (Elah lay somewhere near Shochoh of Judah and Azekah, and was nearer Ekron than any other Philistine town).
Shochoh=SOCOH; SOCO: so'-ko (sokkhoh, "branches"), (sokho (in Chronicles only); Socho, most usual, but many forms in Septuagint and in the King James Version: Socoh, Shochoh, Shoco, Shocho): A city in the Shephelah of Judah mentioned along with Jarmuth, Adullam, Azekah, etc. (Joshua 15:35); the Philistines "gathered together at Socoh, which belongeth to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and Azekah" (here in I Samuel 17:1); it is mentioned as one of the districts from which Solomon drew his supplies (I Kings 4:10), the King James Version "Sochoh"); the association of Socoh in this verse with Hepher is worth noticing in connection with I Chronicles 4:18("Heber"). Soco (the King James Version "Shoco") was one of the cities fortified by Rehoboam for the defense of Judah (II Chronicles 11:7); it was captured by the Philistines in the time of Ahaz (II Chronicles 28:18). The site is, without doubt, Khirbet esh Shuweikeh (Shuweikeh is a diminutive of Shaukeh, "a thorn"), a rounded, elongated hilltop, showing clear traces of ancient city walls. The situation is one of considerable natural strength on the south side of the Vale of Elah just where the Wady ec Cur makes a sweep to the West and becomes the Wady es Sunt. Like so many such ancient sites, the hill has very steep slopes on 3 sides (South, West, and North), and is isolated from the ridge of higher ground to the East by a narrow neck of lower ground. In the valley to the Southwest is a plentiful spring. The site was known to Jerome in the 4th century. He described it as 8 or 9 Roman miles from Eleutheropolis (Beit Jibrin) (PEF, III, 53, 125, Sh XVII, BR, II, 21). The Sucathites (I Chronicles 2:55) were probably inhabitants of Soco.
Now=Like as from verse v16: of chapter I Samuel 16, we again see in this verse I Samuel 17:1 the contrast between the Canonical Order and the Chronological Order: Canonical Order:
I Samuel 16:1-13 David’s call by YHVH
I Samuel 16:14-23 Saul. Spirit departing
I Samuel 17:1-18:4 David’s call by Saul
I Samuel 18:5-30 Saul. Spirit departing
I Samuel 16:1-13 David’s call by YHVH
I Samuel 17:1-18:4 David’s exploits
I Samuel 16:14-23 David’s call by Saul
I Samuel 18:5-30 David’s exploits. We now come to I Samuel 17:1 which reads chronologically from chapter I Samuel 16:13. Remember an author’s right was claimed for placing the later episode in back (I Samuel 16:13-14), in order to connect and contrast the two Spirits with Saul and David. The Canonical Order alternates David’s call and Saul’s. We will read when we come to I Samuel 18:12of YHVH’s Spirit departing from Saul. It comes in there in order to show us the hidden secret workings underneath the history. In other words the kenite scribes had been at work, and these three passages (I Samuel 16:13-14; I Samuel 17:1 and I Samuel 18:12) document such.
I Samuel 17:2And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. -> Saul has the Israelite Army ready to fight against the Philistines, they are encamped in the Valley of Elah which lies about 16 miles South-West of Jerusalem.
Valley of Elah=valley of the terebinth, the valley in which David killed Goliath (here in I Samuel 17:2 and also below in verse v17:19). It lay somewhere near Socoh of Judah and Azekah, and was nearer Ekron than any other Philistine town.
I Samuel 17:3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them. -> There was a Valley between them=This is the Valley Elah.
The battle, if one took place, would be fought in the Valley; however, as we'll discover the Israelites are too afraid of the Philistine champion Goliath. Every day Goliath will come out to challenge the Israelites to fight, and every day they'll be too afraid to come against him to fight, of course it doesn't help that Goliath is "six cubits and a span" or approximately 10 1/2 feet tall.
17:4-40 Defiance of Goliath.
17:4-40 DEFIANCE OF GOLIATH. (Introversion.)
17:4-7 Goliath’s armour.
I Samuel 17:4And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath (splendor or exile), of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. -> Gath=We read back in I Samuel 6when the Philistines had taken the Ark of the Covenant and placed it in the house of their god dagon, that Father twice knocked dagon to the ground, the second time breaking him so that it could not be put back together. Father then gave the Philistines the emmrods (hemorrhoids) and the Philistines passed the Ark from city to city to get Father's curse off of them. The Philistines had five major cities: Ashdod (A stronghold) one, for Gaza (the fortified, or the strong) one, for Askelon (in the sense of weighing - therefore a mart, or maybe migration) one, for Gath (a wine press) one, for Ekron (torn up by the roots - therefore eradication or maybe emigration) one; -> Ashdod one=Back in Genesis 10 as we read through the genealogy of Noah's son's sons, we come to Genesis 10:14And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim. -> Philistim=Hence the name Philistine or as we read it today - Palestine. Dr. Bullinger notes that - "the parenthesis in this verse should come afterthe word Caphtorim as these gave the name Philistine. The five cities of the Philistines (Gaza, Askelon, Ashdod, Ekron and Gath) were on the confines of Egypt." Caphtorim=who named his city - Caphtor, was the original seat of the Philistines.
The name "Goliath," in Hebrew means "splendid," while "Gath" means "winepress." They are both names for our adversary satan, "splendid" or the "intoxicating one." As we’ll see, Goliath type for satan in his role as the pretend-to-be-jesus "antichrist." Remember, the "Key of David" lies in the remainder of this chapter and continues into part of the next. Pay attention; and you quickly notice the number "six," shows up all about him: his height, the weight of his spear's head and also the number of pieces of his armour\weapons (very similar to Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 3), six of course being the number of man and also of our adversary, satan.
I Samuel 17:5 And he had an helmet of brass (1) upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail (2); and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass. -> Every man’s head size is different; however, think of the size head this man standing approximately 10 1/2 feet tall would have. Think also the size helmet that it would take to cover his head. It would have to weigh somewhere around fifteen pounds or so. Also, a lot of scholars debate the factuality of the weight specified in this verse concerning the “coat of mail,” saying it has to be too much; however, this coat of mail was made of brass, and was most likely made to be like “scales” covering the body from shoulder to knee, that would very easily make it weigh well over one hundred pounds, just picture in your minds-eye the many pictures of the knights of medieval times of the twelve to fifteen hundreds.
I Samuel 17:6 And he hadgreaves of brass (3) upon his legs, and a target of brass (4) between his shoulders. -> Greaves of brass=This is the armour which covers and protects the shins, think "shin-guards."
Target of brass=The scholars cannot agree whether this was a small shield or short sword. My thought is that it was the sword or dagger used for hand-to-hand combat, my reasoning is because a sword is not mentioned amongst his weaponry; however as we read in the next verse, "one bearing a shield went before him," tells us that he already had a shield of the largest size. Either way, whether it was a small shield or a short sword, it was fastened around the shoulders and worn on the back for quick and easy access.
I Samuel 17:7 And the staff of his spear (5) was like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield (6) went before him. -> Staff or his spear like a weavers beam=This would make the length approximately 26 feet long. This thing had to be longer than most lances that the mounted knights used in their jousting. Notice it doesn't say how thick this spear's shaft was; but my bet is that since Goliath was as large as he was, it too had to be fairly hefty to fit Comfortably in his hand. Combine the weight of the spear's head and its shaft and you have a weapon that no other man (at least one who was not a gibbor) could carry and use. Goliath went into battle carrying somewhere around two hundred
seventy three pounds of armor on his person, he had his armour-bearer by his side to protect those places where he could become blind-sided.
Spear's head weighed six hundred shekels=Eighteen pounds.
17:8-10 Goliath’s challenge.
I Samuel 17:8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, “Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. -> Choose you out a man for you=Goliath was throwing down that gauntlet. he was after all, the Philistine champion. It's pretty easy to "call-out" your enemy when you tower over them in height and out-weigh them by at least 50 pounds. Here we see that Goliath was calling-out the finest soldier in the Israelite Army; this way, instead of the two armies going to battle, each army would only have to send their finest soldier to fight. The purpose would be to save lives, this may sound great in theory; however, in actuality, if you are on the losing side, you’re now subservient to your enemy without ever engaging them as a whole. Goliath represented those left over from the giants of the second influx, and for him, this would be a great challenge for a "one on one" battle. You are not fighting another human being as we know them to be, but a person that has the lineage of the giants who were the offspring of the fallen angels that came to earth after the flood of Noah's day.
I Samuel 17:9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us." -> This is a "winner-take-all" challenge by Goliath and the Philistine Army. Of course, because of their champion, they were pretty confident of the outcome.
I Samuel 17:10 And the Philistine said, “I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.” -> I defy=I scoff at or mock the Israelite Army. Pretty powerful words directed at the Israelite Army; however, he isn't only mocking the Army, Goliath is also mocking YHVH. Not an intelligent thing to do at all.
It may seem that this is lop-sided fight, with this giant standing almost ten feet tall and holding a spear which reaches out twenty six feet beyond this giant’s arm- span. Yes, Goliath will be going against a man one third less his size; however, with YHVH on the side of the Israelites, He is The equalizer which tilts the battle back to the Israelites side. Every day this challenge was made to the Israelites; and sadly, day-after-day not one man had the courage or the trust in Father to take-up the challenge by this heathen.
17:11 Israel’s fear.
I Samuel 17:11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid. -> They were dismayed and greatly afraid=This was their and our forefathers problem when Father wanted them to enter into the Promised Land; they too were dismayed and greatly afraid of the giants in the land, therefore Father made them wander the wilderness for those forty years until all the generation who was "of age" died off and only their children entered into the Promised Land. What had Father told them then? Exodus 33:2And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite: -> All they had to do was trust in Father and they would have entered into the Promised Land and the situation is no different here; all the Israelite Army has to do is trust in Father and He'll take care of this giant. But, sadly, none of the men presently in the king's service have that trust in Father or the intestinal fortitude to go up against this giant. Pretty much like us today; we too are facing a "giant" or so some of us Christians think. Today we face a secular world that if all we Christians stood up and told them to sit down, it would be well for and with us; however, not one will do that standing up, though some of us know this is part of Father's Plan to usher in the time just prior to Jesus Second Advent when satan will be here in his role of pretend-to-be-jesus.
17:12-31 David’s mission.
17:12-31 DAVID’S MISSION. (Alternation and Introversion.)
17:12 House of Jesse.
I Samuel 17:12 Now David wasthe son of that Ephrathite of Beth-lehem-judah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. -> There is much meat in this verse, so let’s take out time with it and break it all down to get to it all. First off, an Ephrathite is a Bethlehemite as we can read of in Genesis 35:19, 48:8.
Both these words; Bethlehem and Ephrath, appear in Father’s Word prior to Ephraim the son of Joseph being born; however, it is still possible that the name is derived from the word Ephraim or at least alludes to it.
The present year is approximately 974 B.C., and David was the eighth son of Jesse, so in approximately another 1,000 years, the Messiah will be born through from his, David’s, seed-line. This fight between the Philistine champion Goliath and young David had taken place in about the year 974 B.C.. Both David and Jesus were both born in this same location; Bethlehem, in the land of Judah. It is also the place where Rachel, the wife of Jacob died while giving birth to the youngest of the twelve patriarchs, Benjamin. So, as we see this Bethlehem does have quite a place in history.
By the time that this battle would take place between our young hero and Goliath, Jesse the father of David was already getting along in years.
17:13-15 The Army.
13-15 THE ARMY (Alternation.)
17:13 The eldest three.
I Samuel 17:13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle wereEliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. -> We learned the names of these three in the last Chapter, I Samuel 16. It was at that time that we learned that neither of these would be the next king of Israel, Father had rejected all three of them. But now, we see that they have been brought into the king's service and placed in his Army. We find the reason for their rejection in this Chapter, and it is because they like the rest of the men in Israel's Army; do not have the faith in Father, to deliver the victory to them, to go up against the Philistine champion.
17:14 The eldest three.
I Samuel 17:14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul. -> David was the youngest=David at the time of this battle is approximately 17 years old. Obviously old enough to be the age of accountability, and also old enough to have enough faith in YHVH to give him the victory over the enemy.
I Samuel 17:15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Beth-lehem. -> After being anointed by Samuel, David returned to his sheep to continue tending to them. We can still see the contrast between David and Saul in David's actions. David is very representative of how a good Pastor should today be, very loving, concerned for, helpful, and attentive toward his flock, VERY Christ-like. This is why Father chose David to not only be king of Israel, but also the man through whom He, Father, would be born in the flesh.
17:16 Goliath’s challenge.
I Samuel 17:16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days. -> Every day for forty days did Goliath come out and challenge the Army if Israel to send out their champion so that the two of them could fight in a winner-takes-all match, and every day the Israelites were too scared to try and take on this giant.
Forty days=FORTY has long been universally recognized as an important number, both on account of the frequency of its occurrence in Father's Word, and the uniformity of its association with a period of probation, trial, and chastisement—(not judgment, like the number 9, which stands in connection with the punishment of enemies, but the chastisement of sons, and of a covenant people). It is the product of 5 and 8, and points to the action of grace (5), leading to and ending in new beginnings (8). This is certainly the case where forty relates to a period of evident probation; however, where it relates to enlarged dominion, or to renewed or extended rule, then it does so in virtue of its factors 4 and 10, and in harmony with their signification. There are 15 such periods which appear on the surface of the Scriptures, and which may be thus classified:—Forty Years of Probation by Trial: Israel in the wilderness, Deuteronomy 8:2-5; Psalms 95:10; Acts 13:18 (the third 40 of Moses' life, 120 years). Israel from the crucifixion to the destruction of Jerusalem. Forty Years of Probation by Prosperity in Deliverance and Rest: Under Othniel, Judges 3:11, under Barak, Judges 5:31, under Gideon, Judges 8:28. Forty Years of Probation by Prosperity in Enlarged Dominion: Under David, II Samuel 5:4, under Solomon, I Kings 11:42, under Jeroboam II, II Kings 12:17,18, 13:3,5,7,22,25, 14:12-14,23,28, under Jehoash, II Kings 12:1, under Joash, II Chronicles 24:1. Forty Years of Probation by Humiliation and Servitude: Israel under the Philistines, Judges 13:1. Israel in the time of Eli, I Samuel 4:18. Israel under Saul, Acts 13:21. Forty Years of Probation by Waiting: Moses in Egypt, Acts 7:23. Moses in Midian, Acts 7:30. FORTY DAYS. There are eight of such great periods on the surface of the Bible:--Forty days Moses was in the mount, Exodus 24:18; and to receive the Law, Exodus 24:18. Forty days Moses was in the mount after the sin of the Golden Calf, Deuteronomy 9:18,25. Forty days of the spies, issuing in the penal sentence of the 40 years, Numbers 13:26, 14:34. Forty days of Elijah in Horeb, I Kings 19:8. Forty days of Jonah and Nineveh, Jonah 3:4. Forty days Ezekiel lay on his right side to symbolize the 40 years of Judah's transgression. Forty days Jesus was tempted of the Devil, Matthew 4:2. Forty days Jesus was seen of His disciples, speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God, Acts 1:2. Thus 40 becomes a number closely connected with Judah, as 390 (Ezekiel 4:5) is the number of separated Israel. The significance of this will be seen (on p. 215), for 40 is a multiple of 8, and 390 is a multiple of 13. It may also be noted that 65 (5x13) is the number of Ephraim, while 70 is specially connected with Jerusalem.
17:17-22 Message of Jesse.
17:17-22 MESSAGE OF JESSE. (Division.)
I Samuel 17:17And Jesse said unto David his son, “Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren; -> Parched corn=The word "corn" in the King James Version Bible is Italicized and that is because the word isn't in the original manuscripts but has been added. The word "parched" in the Strong's Concordance is Hebrew word number H7039 - qalıy or qalıy', pronounced kaw-lee', kaw-lee', and means: roasted ears, and corn is the only vegetable which comes on an ear.
It was the responsibility at this time for the family of one who was in the king's military service to provide for that family member, and as we read, they have been in the field as a minimum forty days and I would venture to add that they have been there longer as that is only the number of days that Goliath has been coming out to issue his challenge to the Israelite Army. Anyway, Jesse knows his sons provisions are running low and he is probably wondering how they and the Army are faring in their battle against the Philistines, so he calls for David to come and take some food for his brothers and see how the war goes.
I Samuel 17:18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.” -> Pledge=Meaning a token from them of their welfare. This is no different than Genesis 37:12And his (Joseph’s) brethren went to feed their father's flock in Shechem. [37:13]And Israel said unto Joseph, “Do not thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them.” And he said to him, “Here am I.” [37:14]And he said to him, “Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again.” So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. -> Jacob’s sons were tending to his flock, and he called for his second youngest son Joseph to go and check on his older brothers. Of course this was right after he (Joseph) had told them of his dream in which they were all binding sheaves in the field, and Joseph’s stood and his brother’s sheaves bowed and bade obeisance to his, which of course angered all his older brothers. But, before I digress too far, Jacob sent Joseph to check on his brothers while they were tending to the flock and it is no different than here and Jesse sending David to check on his brothers on the battle-front.
I Samuel 17:19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, werein the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines. -> David will arrive and find his brothers along with the king and all the Israelite Army set in battle-array; however, no fighting has yet taken place as none of those present wants to go out against Goliath. The only fighting taking place at this point is the throwing of words back and forth between the two armies. In a slight sense, this battle is much like the battle that will take place at the end of this age as that battle also will be a battle of words. In other words, it's a battle for your mind, and more importantly your spiritual body and your soul. That war will not be like most Christians believe as they have been taught by their churches that when satan arrives and brings about the tribulation "all hell will break loose" so to speak, as they have been taught that he is bringing with him nuclear war. The problem is, is that they have been taught wrong, as satan will be ushering in "peace, peace, peace" while when the True Christ arrives, He is coming to rule with a rod of iron because of those who have followed after the wrong christ and have been impregnated with his lies.
Valley of Elah=This is the same from verse v17:2 above.
I Samuel 17:20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle. -> David arrives and hears the Israelite Army gearing up for another day's throwing insults and challenges at each other.
I Samuel 17:21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army. -> Yeah, both armies are set in array; however, no fighting has yet taken place, just more fist shaking and sabre rattling as they call out to each other with the valley between them.
I Samuel 17:22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren. -> When David arrives and hears the challenges made by each side, he leaves the "carriage" the prepared good in the Hebrew, in other words, the bread, cheese and wine, in the hand of the carriage driver so he can first see how the battle is going.
17:23-24 Goliath’s challenge.
I Samuel 17:23And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them. -> As David was standing there in the trenches talking with his three brothers, it came to be about the time of day when Goliath came down in the valley to make another challenge to the Israelite army. David hears the challenge that this Philistine was speaking, "am I not the Philistine and ye the servants of Saul, choose you out a man and send him out to fight with me."
I Samuel 17:24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid. -> Remember, when Samuel poured the oil onto David's head, the Spirit of YHVH immediately came upon him, and as he is standing here talking with his brothers, here comes ole Goliath making his challenge and David witnesses the entire Israelite Army being afraid to take on this heathen giant.
17:25-31 The army.
17:25-31 THE ARMY. (Introversion and Alternation.)
17:25 The king’s reward.
I Samuel 17:25 And the men of Israel said, “Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.” -> Astonished at what he witnesses and hears, David can only stand there with his mouth agape. The soldiers seeing this, then proceed to tell David as he stands there with his brothers amongst the rest of the army of Saul, that the king has offered to buy the man that took Goliath's challenge a home and set him up in farming, and even give him one of his daughters. To make the offer even more delightful, Saul was even going to forgive the man's family of all their taxes the rest of the man's life. All that person had to do was to go down in the valley and kill the giant.
17:26 David. Inquiry.
I Samuel 17:26And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, “What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?” -> What shall be done=After hearing what the first soldiers tell him as to what the king will do for the man who kills Goliath, David then goes to some other of the soldiers asks again in order to confirm what the first set of soldiers had told him.
The living God=This is Elohim, Father, in His role of Eloah. Eloah is the title used whenever the contrast (latent or expressed) is with false gods or idols. Eloah is essentially "the living God" in contrast to inanimate idols.
17:27 People. Answer.
I Samuel 17:27And the people answered him after this manner, saying, “So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.” -> The second set of soldiers does in fact confirm to David what the first had told him, that the king had indeed made those promises in order to try and encourage one of his soldiers to go out against Goliath.
17:28 Eliab’s reproof of David.
I Samuel 17:28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, “Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.” -> Eliab, Jesse's oldest son, young David’s brother, is listening to David speaking with the soldiers around him, and the words that David speaks angers him. Think of it, here is the oldest son listening to his youngest brother (yes David has the advantage of having Father’s Holy Spirit upon him) speaking boldly out against the giant, and his older brother(s) hears and is ashamed to be standing there in fear before his youngest brother. Neither Eliab nor his other younger siblings had taken the challenge by Goliath. The statement of naughtiness actually comes from the jealousy in the hearts of each of the other brothers that were passed over when the blessing of the anointing was placed on their youngest brother's head. So, in not so nice a way, Eliab has just accused David of being nothing but a sheep herder sticking his nose in a place where it didn’t belong.
17:29 David’s reply to Eliab.
I Samuel 17:29 And David said, “What have I now done? Is there not a cause?” -> Eliab's reproach of his younger brother did not sit well with nor did it deter David. David asks while turning his brother's anger right back onto him, "why are you standing here admonishing and chiding me when you have this heathen giant standing before you cursing our Creator?" Why haven't any of you brave soldiers of Israel done something about Goliath to shut him up? David cannot stand seeing this Philistine standing before God's army, cursing and blaspheming the name of God, and His Army.
17:30 David. Inquiry.
17:30 People. Answer.
I Samuel 17:30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner. -> David turns from Eliab to some of the other soldiers standing there and says that he'll go forth and fight Goliath. Remember, David has the Spirit of the Almighty upon him and therefore he knows no fear. Of course, his bravado is shaming the soldiers who truly should have been ashamed of themselves as they had "the Living God - Eloah" on their side and He would have fought for them as He would have and did when He cleaned out the giants when Moses and the Israelites were about to enter into the Promised Land.
17:31 The king’s mission.
I Samuel 17:31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him. -> David continues his speaking boldly to the soldiers about taking on this giant. To this point Saul hasn't has any volunteers from his soldiers to go forth and fight against Goliath and upon hearing the strong words coming out of the mouth of this 16 or 17 year old lad, the soldiers take his boasting to the king who then sends for David. Remember two verses from the last chapter I Samuel 16 as the king and his young servant David meet: I Samuel 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. [16:14] But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him. -> When Samuel anointed David, Father's Holy Spirit immediately came upon David and also departed from Saul. Now the two come face to face and only a spiritually blind person couldn't see that Saul will feel His presence. In David, Saul now has a volunteer to fight against this Philistine.
17:32 Saul’s encouragement.
17:32-37 Goliath’s challenge accepted.
I Samuel 17:32 And David said to Saul, “Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.” -> Let no man’s heart fail=The Septuagint reads “let not my lord’s (lower case “l”) fail. This was the shepherd boy David (the keeper of sheep) speaking to the king over all Israel and the army (the loser of his asses), and David was reminding the king that he is not afraid to face this Philistine, Goliath.
Here we have the first two kings of Israel, the present one is afraid of this giant while the second, the younger of the two, the one with the Holy Spirit has no fear of him.
I Samuel 17:33 And Saul said to David, “Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.” -> Another thing to remember is that Saul was a tall good looking man, very kingly, but David was but a youthful looking lad, and after listening to David boast about being able to whoop up on Goliath, Saul looks at David and tells him that he doesn't even belong on the same battlefield as Goliath as he is a seasoned warrior and David a boy. How will David reply to Saul's rebuking?
I Samuel 17:34 And David said unto Saul, “Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: -> Kept=David kept his flock, and didn't lose any, unlike Saul who lost his asses.
Flock=Sheep are always symbolic of the House of Israel, and David of course is a "type" for the True Shepherd, Jesus.
Lion and bear=These two beasts didn't come to take of the animals at the same time, David is telling Saul of two separate incidents in which he had to defend those which were under his charge.
David is presenting his case to Saul as to why he does believe he deserves to be on the same battlefield with Goliath, he has the faith that Father will deliver the victory into his hands. David has just taken the first step toward the Throne, in other words, he has just shown that he is ready for the "test" that Father give to those whom He gives a lot of responsibility.
I Samuel 17:35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him. -> Beard=Meaning the main about the throat.
With the Spirit of YHVH upon him, there was nothing David could not do, he could whoop up on a lion, a bear or a giant named Goliath. It's the same for anybody who has Father's Spirit upon them, for with Father on your side you have the victory. With Him, all things are possible.
I Samuel 17:36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God.” -> Them=The Septuagint reads "Shall I not go out and smite him, and turn aside reproach to-day from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God." David isn't boasting or being arrogant, he has the Spirit of YHVH upon him and therefore he is speaking truth that he can and will go out and defeat this hybrid giant.
I Samuel 17:37 David said moreover, “The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, He will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said unto David, “Go, and the LORD be with thee.” -> He will deliver me=Do you see David's trust in Father? Do you have this much faith in Him to deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies? David sounds like several others from this time's future when the House of Israel is delivered into the hand of Nebuchadezzar and after receiving schooling from the king, he places Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego in charge of the Babylonian people. The people don't like this idea, so they devise a plan to show the king he erred and at the same time entrap the three Hebrew children. They convince the king to make an image for all to worship and any who do not worship the king's image should be cast into a fiery furnace. They know perfectly well that the Hebrew children will not worship this image, so they will then be thrown into the fiery furnace. Their thoughts become reality, and as they figured, Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego do not worship the image saying that even if the king does in fact throw them into the fiery furnace, YHVH will deliver them out of the king's hand. This of course causes them to be thrown into the fire; only what the people didn't expect was, that Jesus would enter into that fire with them and protect them. Remember also brethren, our Father is a consuming fire.
17:38-40 David’s armour.
I Samuel 17:38 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail. -> Again we see Saul's lack of faith in YHVH in this verse. David had just told Saul that Father would protect him and after telling David "good luck," Saul immediately starts to put his armour onto David. David as we'll see knows he doesn't need any of this and he'll remove it all and go to battle against the giant with only his weapon of choice, his slingshot. The helmet and coat of mail are “fleshly” armor; but, David has the spiritual armor.
I Samuel 17:39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, “I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them.” And David put them off him. -> Girded his sword=David put his own sword upon Saul's armour; but, before he headed out to fight Goliath he first stopped to assess himself. You see, David was not used to fighting with any sort of armour upon him, especially none which was way too large for his smaller frame. David knew, if nothing else, he must look comical wearing the king's armour, not to mention that the weight of it must have been overbearing on him. So, he stops and removes the armour before he proceeds.
17:40-51 Combat with Goliath.
17:40-51 COMBAT WITH GOLIATH. (Alternation.)
I Samuel 17:40 And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine. -> Five smooth stones=Five is the number of "grace" in Biblical Numerics, and Father's grace is certainly upon David and the House of Israel at this time.
So, now let’s consider this armor which David was taking into battle. Remember, he threw off Saul’s armour of shield and mail; so, now David is only taking a staff, in other words a wooden stick with which he tends his sheep. Then he selected the five smooth stones from the brook which ran through the valley Elah. Remember, the Israelite Army is at the top of the hill dug-in in trenches, and the brook is running through the valley floor. So, David moved out of the trench and down into the valley to prepare for the battle with Goliath. David moved with the faith in which God would see him through, and Father provided those stones for his battle with the giant. David selected these five smooth stones and put them in his shepherd's bag for easy access.
Even though David only needed one stone to do the job, He had selected five stones. Why five? Because this begins the understanding of "the key of David," which we find in Revelation 3:7 for the number five represents "grace," and it is only through the grace of our Father, and through His Son Jesus Christ the offspring of David that we find salvation. He is the “hidden manna” which we read of in Revelation 2:17. Revelation 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches. To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it: -> In other words, those who partake of this Word in truth, in the Spiritual sense, God would give a "white stone" with a new name written thereon. And that Greek word used for "stone," is a similar word for the word "count," in Revelation 13:18. The two verses are tied together, for to have the white stone is to be able to count the number of the beast. The "hidden manna" is the truths from the Word of God that only those with ears to hear with understanding will comprehend their meaning. Revelation 13:18 Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. -> This is Father's way of teaching His Elect how they are to "count the number of their enemy." Goliath here in I Samuel is a “type” of our enemy of today (satan). Though the enemy may look like a giant to many in our day, when you understand Father's Word, you’ll quickly find there are no giants. So, let’s go to Greek dictionary in the Strong’s Concordance for the correct translation from the Greek to English, as used here in the verse: it is Greek word number G5585 - ψηφίζω, - psēphizō, pronounced - psay-fid'-zo, and means: From G5586; to use pebbles in enumeration, that is, (genitive case) to compute: - count.. Now let’s to the root or prime to understand the full meaning of this word G5586 - ψηφος, - psēphos, pronounced - psay'-fos, and means: From the same as G5584; a pebble (as worn smooth by handling), that is, (by implication of use as a counter or ballot) a verdict (of acquittal) or ticket (of admission); a vote: - stone, voice.. This is simply saying that the elect are to keep up with the identity of the children of Cain down through the many generations of time in order to be able to identify them and the activities they do, so we can identify the evilness that they bring with them on the peoples that they have mixed with. When you know where these kenites (H7014 and H7017) are, you will understand that they will be promoting their father, the false messiah, which is the devil himself. The kenites are those smooth stones worn smooth over a very long period of time, and even in our generation, when you see their way of doing things and the things they are saying, it is to promote the ways of their father (lower case “f”) satan.
So then, to have the "key of David," is to be able to identify the true from the false, to be able to identify the things of Father, from the twisted truth, which have become nothing but lies and do not come from the Word of God. When you have the "key of David," you will be able to know when the truth from Father's Word is being made into a lie by the word smiths that like to twist the truth to make it a lie. Do you have your "white stone?" That white stone is, in a spiritual sense, your weapon. The churches, and there are only two--Philadelphia and Smyrna--in these latter times which have the key of David are those which teach as the church of Philadelphia taught. We read of this in Revelation 3:7: Revealtion 3:7And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; `These things saith He That is Holy, He That is true, He That hath the key of David, He That openeth, and no man shutteth, and shutteth, and no man openeth. -> This key gives you an advantage in these final days of this earth age, and even David had this advantage. The advantage was not because of the stone that he selected, but because He knew our Heavenly Father. David knew the things of the Father from those things of the world. David knew that what was about to happen was all in accordance with Father's plan, and that God would protect him. After all Samuel had just anointed him king, and David had faith.
I Samuel 17:41 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him. -> So, here comes this giant Goliath toward David with a man carrying his shield for protection in front of him. This shield bearer also had to be a giant in order to provide the needed protection, otherwise the shield would only protect Goliath's shins maybe? So yes, the man carrying the shield is big; but, David's shield bearer is bigger because David's shield bearer is YHVH. David isn't afraid, would you be?
17:42-47 COLLOQUY. (Division.)
I Samuel 17:42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance. -> He distained him=As this 10+ foot tall giant bearing full battle armour moves toward David, all he sees is a young lad standing there with only a staff and a sling shot. This immediately angers him and he hates the boy he sees. First off, for in the past forty days he has been calling for the strongest man of the Israelites to come out and fight against him and now he's thinking that the Israelite Army doesn't even have enough respect for him as the Philistine champion to send out a true champion of Israel to fight him and secondly, the "boy" they do send; isn't in his mind, even prepared to do battle. So, this was a huge insult to Goliath that this small boy is what the Israelites thought was a match for this mighty warrior of the Philistines.
I Samuel 17:43 And the Philistine said unto David, “Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. -> Am I a dog=According to the Philistines, there is no stronger word of contempt than to call another a dog, meaning a whelp or a male prostitute.
With staves=Goliath is even more angry because all David is carrying into this fight is a wooden stick. Remember, Goliath's spear is approximately 26 feet long, so this "boys" stick isn't even going to come close to touching him. So, Goliath then starts cursing David by his gods: dagon, baal and all the other gods the Philistines worshipped.
I Samuel 17:44 And the Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.” -> Goliath tells David that if he comes any closer, he'll tear him up so badly that only the vultures and wild beasts will be able to have what's left of him.
Goliath has had his time for speaking, now it's David's turn, pay attention and listen closely.
I Samuel 17:45 Then said David to the Philistine, “Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, Whom thou hast defied. -> Did you hear what David just said? Though this enemy giant Goliath is coming at David with all his armor and weapons, David came against the Philistine giant "in the name of the Lord of the hosts." This is the "key of David." "...But I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts,” he continues with “the God of the armies of Israel,..." In other words, you don't mock YHVH and get away with it. You don't curse YHVH or His servants and get away with it. Remember these words of David, for our Lord Jesus referenced them many years later when He would make the statement; "from the mouths of babes” comes the living truth. Let’s read it in Matthew, but first let’s set this up, Jesus had just overturned the moneychangers tables in the temple and now the chief priests and scribes are coming against Him, and then Jesus then replies: Matthew 21:16 And said unto Him, “hearest thou what these say?” And Jesus saith unto them, “Yea; have ye never read, ‘Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings Thou hast perfected praise’?” -> When we take this to the prime, that "babe" was David, the youth which made his statement before Goliath, the enemy of God. This was as true statement in David's time as it was in Jesus' day, and as it is in our lifetime. Father's Word never changes. It is hard to see how people still hold onto fear when they are familiar with our Father's Word and His promises. Father will see you through those times of great need, when you use common sense.
David told Goliath that he put all his trust in his armor and weapons; but he, David, put his trust in YHVH.
I Samuel 17:46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. -> Deliver=The word deliver in the Hebrew in the Strong’s Concordance is Hebrew word number H5462 - סגר, - sâgar, pronounced -saw-gar', and means: A primitive root; to shut up; figuratively to surrender: - close up, deliver (up), give over (up), inclose, X pure, repair, shut (in, self, out, up, up together), stop, X straitly., in other words it means "to shut thee up." Goliath has been coming down into the valley for the past forty days harassing the Israelites, and now David is telling him that "the Lord will shut thee up, and give you into my hands." This is the prime root to the phrase, "shut up."
Father is the Creator of all souls, and this is the stated purpose for David doing what he is about to do. To the people of the earth, Goliath looked to be an insurmountable enemy; however, to David this was one who blasphemed against the God and heaven, and therefore did not have the right to life. David knew that Father was on his side and that He would give the victory into his hand. Being a sheep herder, David had been trained in killing wild beasts in the field to protect his flock; so, now to David, Goliath is just another wild beast which was endangering more of God's sheep.
The staff which David took against Goliath was symbolic of the shepherd's staff used in leading the flock. Sheep are symbolic of the children of Israel and all of God's people. Of the five smooth stones, one was all that was necessary to get the job done. This would be proof to the armies of both sides that the God of Israel was greater than all the false gods the Philistines worshipped.
I Samuel 17:47 And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LORD'S, and He will give you into our hands. -> This verse is a continuation of the last verse and David is telling Goliath, and all the world, that YHVH will give him the victory, so that the entire earth will know that He, YHVH, is the God of Israel. There is no boasting, no bragging in David's statements, just fact. Father is going to have the victory this day so that the whole world will know the He is YHVH.
The battle is the LORD's=Elect, this is important for you today, for we are quickly approaching the day when our enemy satan arrives and this war against him is also Father's; therefore, we have nothing to fear when we're delivered up to him and his councils, for it will be then that Father's Holy Spirit will speak through our mouths those words Father want all His children to hear. When the Holy Spirit speaks at that time, not even the gainsayers will be able to speak against what the Holy Spirit has to say. He will protect us and give us the victory until the seventh trump sounds; then the battle will truly be His, for then Jesus returns and this age ends.
The talking is over and now it's time for the battle to begin.
I Samuel 17:48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. -> Goliath's height gave him a stride which was much longer than David's; but, David ran toward his enemy, ready to meet him head-on, without fear. Goliath expected David to be running; however, I'm sure he expected him to be running in the opposite direction, away from him, not towards him.
I Samuel 17:49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth. -> Took thence a stone=While on the run and in one smooth, fluid motion, David took the stone from his bag and he put it into the slingshot, and slung the stone, the strike brought the giant to the ground. One stone was all it took to overcome all Goliath’s armor, his sword and his huge spear, and in a split second, the Philistines watched as their hero fell to the ground dead. Where did David get the skill to do this with a sling and stone? Obviously from Father; but also, we can trace this back to what the Benjamites trained with and we can read of this in Judges 20:15 And the children of Benjamin were numbered at that time out of the cities twenty and six thousand men that drew sword, beside the inhabitants of Gibeah, which were numbered seven hundred chosen men. [20:16] Among all this people there were seven hundred chosen men lefthanded; every one could sling stones at an hair breadth, and not miss. -> Everyone of the Benjamites had been trained with using the sling and stone, and though father’s Word doesn’t say, I’d be willing to say that David was also left-handed.
Sunk into his forehead=In this slaying of Goliath we can see a “type” of the deadly wound of Revelation 13, for there the deadly wound is also a wound to the head, only in Revelation 13, satan will heal the beasts deadly wound. But also, we know that the war at the end is not a war fought with weapons, but a spiritual war fought for the minds of men; and in this "sunk into his forehead," we see that The "forehead" or mind is where you place the seal that commits you either to satan or to our Lord Jesus Christ, and there is no in-between. The "seal" is what you believe to be truth, and it is in your mind that you store and seal that information and knowledge. If you believe in a rapture, you are looking for the first christ, and that is what is sealed in your mind. When one looking like christ appears first, that is the one that you will accept, surely and instantly. However when you know the difference between the two seals, the sixth and the seventh trumpet, and you know that you will not see Jesus Christ's return in your flesh body; so, when one claiming to be christ comes and you are still in the flesh, you know instantly that man is a fake.
I Samuel 17:50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David. -> With a sling and a stone=I will also add that it was "with YHVH."
No sword in the hand of David=David didn't use a sword as he had never "proved a sword," he trained with what all Benjamites trained with; the slingshot. But remember what David had told Goliath back in verse v17:46? "I Samuel 17:46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel." -> David didn't have a sword in his hand to take Goliath's head, so now he needs to get one from somewhere; not to fret, he'll just take Goliath's and use his to remove the giant's head.
17:51-54 The two armies. Flight and pursuit.
I Samuel 17:51 Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled. -> Shocked by the felling of their champion Goliath, as the Philistines looked down and saw the head of their champion being cut off by little David, fear spread quickly through the camp, and they fled, and I’m sure they were just about climbing over each other as they unable to get away fast enough.
Think of this, Goliath's armour bearer was also a gibbor, a giant, and now with their champion giant dead, all the other giants are fleeing for their lives as well, a sight to be hold!
I Samuel 17:52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. -> Shocked by what they saw, Saul and the Israelite Army are now emboldened and on the hunt, no longer afraid of the Philistines.
Ekron=(torn up by the roots; emigration), Ekron was in the lowlands right by this battlefront.
Shaaraim=(two gates), we find in Joshua 15:36that this is a city in the territory allotted to Judah, in Authorized Version incorrectly stated as Sharaim. What is happening here is the Philistines which fell down while fleeing on their way back home to the gates of their two cities, Gath and Ekron, were slain by the Israelites that were pursuing after them. They left their carcasses lie where they slew them fulfilling David's promise to Goliath that he and then they would leave their carcasses for the fowls of the air and the beasts of the field.
I Samuel 17:53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents. -> The battle's over and now it's time to collect the booty and spoil. Almost ironic that only after young little David has defeated the giant, now the Israelites are emboldened enough to do this. In reality, the spoils should have gone to David; but, as we also know, it's Father Who gets all the praise and glory.
I Samuel 17:54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent. -> Rightfully so, David got the spoil of the giant's armour and weapons. He will not keep them in his tent for long, because as we'll read in the future, he'll get them back from Ahimelech while fleeing from Saul: I Samuel 21:8 And David said unto Ahimelech (this is the high priest at the time and David is on the run from Saul who is trying to kill him, he and his men are hungry, tired and almost weaponless, well not really weaponless but for Ahimelech’s sake that’s what David will tell him), “And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste.” [21:9]And the priest said, “The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it: for there is no other save that here.” And David said, “There is none like that; give it me.”.
Brought it to Jerusalem=No, Jerusalem has not yet been taken by Israel, it is still in the hands of the Jebusites and most likely still called Jebus; however, Judah does occupy a portion of it on the west side and that is where David's and some of the other's tents are. Jebus won't be taken for many years yet from this date.
17:55-18:5 Favour of Saul to David.
I Samuel 17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, “Abner, whose son is this youth?” And Abner said, “As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell.” -> Saul knew who David was for he had spoken to David before the battle and had come to love David; however, now Saul is asking his General who David's father was. This goes back to what I pointed out back in I Samuel 16:14 as the contrast between Canonical Order and the Chronological Order, back then it was inserted out of order and we can see the evidence of this here.
I Samuel 17:56 And the king said, “Enquire thou whose son the stripling is.” -> Stipling=This word in the Strong’s Concordance is Hebrew word number H5958 - עלם, ‛elem, pronounced - eh'-lem, and means: From H5956; properly something kept out of sight (compare H5959), that is, a lad: - young man, stripling., in other words, as Goliath was standing in front of David, you could not see David because he “was out of sight.”
Remember back in I Samuel 16 Saul had sent a letter to Jesse thanking him for sending his son to the battle front. So, now, we can see where this chapter should be placed after this inquiry here.
I Samuel 17:57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. -> With the head of the Philistine in his hand=Israel now has a champion of their own. It must have been quite a sight to behold, here is this lad David, carrying this giant's head around with him. David did exactly as he told Goliath that he would do to him. If everyone was so struck in fear for the forty days, David had the right to put on public display the head of the one that struck such fear in all the Israelites. The point that David was stressing was not how great he was; but, how great our Father is.
Word spread quickly through all Israel of David’s victorious conquest of the giant, and as for David; it was a major first step for his future role as king of all Israel.
I Samuel 17:58 And Saul said to him, “Whose son art thou, thou young man?” And David answered, “I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.” -> The Bethlehemite=That little town where almost a thousand years in the future from this time will another Son be born, the descendant of this future young king, David. That Son, of course, is none other than our Lord Jesus, Emmanuel, God with us, God in the flesh.