We finished Numbers 25 with YHVH telling the Israelites to vex and smite the Midianites. We know they at this point have not fulfilled what YHVH told them to do because we can read of the Israelites fighting against the Midianites up until the book of Judges. In the beginning of Judges 6, the Midianites and the Amalekites were prevailing against Israel, and then in Judges 7, YHVH uses Gideon and just 300 men to pursue and defeat the Midianites and Amalekites. Why does YHVH use only 300 men to do this? So that the rest of the peoples that were on the borders around the lands of the Midianites and Amalekites would know that it was YHVH and not man that destroyed the Amalekites and Midianites. After these two chapters in Judges, save for one verse in Judges 8, we no longer hear of the Amalekites or Midianites.
Starting in Numbers 26 we will see that YHVH will have Moses and Eleazar complete the third numbering of the children of Israel. We also know that Moses is coming to his final days walking in the flesh and will soon return home.
26:1-27:11 NUMERATION AND ORDER: INHERITANCE (Alternation).
26:1-51 The people.
26:1-51 THE PEOPLE (Introversion and Division.)
26:1-4 Command to number.
Numbers 26:1 And it came to pass after the plague, that the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, saying, -> So now the plague has been stayed but the Midianites have not yet been utterly destroyed. YHVH is about to tell Moses and Eleazar to number the Israelites.
Numbers 26:2 “Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, throughout their father’s house, all that are able to go to war in Israel.” -> As we go through this list of families, we’ll see that there are forty-seven families now being numbered. In Genesis 46 there are fifty-two, so we’ll see that five have now are extinct: one from Simeon, one from Asher, and three from Benjamin.
Numbers 26:3 And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying, -> Moses and Eleazar are about to tell the Israelites to take a head count of everybody twenty years old and above.
Numbers 26:4 “Take the sum of the People from twenty years old and upward; as the LORD commanded Moses and the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt.
Numbers 26:5 Reuben, the eldest son of Israel: the children of Reuben; Hanoch, of whom cometh the family of the Hanochites: of Pallu, the family of the Palluites. -> Reuben was the oldest son of Jacob, born of Leah, her first son. Reuben’s children are Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron and Carmi.
Numbers 26:6 Of Hezron the family of the Hezronites: of Carmi, the family of the Carmites.
Numbers 26:7 These are the families of the Reubenites: and they that were of them were forty and three thousand and seven hundred and thirty. -> In Numbers 1:21 the total sum of the Reubenites was 46,500, so then this is a decrease of 2,770.
Numbers 26:8 And the sons of Pallu; Eliab. -> Pallu only had one son and his name was Eliab.
Numbers 26:9 And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This is that Dathan and Abiram, which were famous in the congregation, who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the LORD: -> They were famous alright, famous enough that Father said “get up here” I want to talk to you face-to-face and all the others in the congregation of Israel knew about it because they watched them get swallowed up by the earth or burnt up by fire. This was all recorded in Numbers 16.
Numbers 26:(10 And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign:)
Numbers 26:11 Notwithstanding the children of Korah died not. -> As we read in Numbers 16:27 So they gat up from the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, on every side: and Dathan and Abiram came out, and stood in the door of their tents, and their wives, and their sons, and their little children. -> The verse says “Dathan and Abiram came out, and stood in the door of their tents, and their wives, and their sons, and their little children.,” so Korah’s sons (Assir, Elkanah and Abiasaph found in Exodus 6:24), their wives and children did not stand in the doors of their tents, they obeyed the command to depart and touch nothing, and they lived. These descendents later become prominent in temple worship as singers and such, two groups Psalms are associated with them: Psalms 42-49 and Psalms 84-88. Also, Samuel (sometimes spelled Shemuel, who the two Books are named after) was a descendent of Elkanah.
Numbers 26:12 The sons of Simeon after their families: of Nemuel, the family of the Nemuelites: of Jamin, the family of the Jaminites: of Jachin, the family of the Jachinites: -> Changing families here and moving on to the descendents of Simeon. Simeon was Jacob’s second eldest son, also born of Leah, her second son.
Numbers 26:13 Of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites: of Shual, the family of the Shualites. -> As always we must keep our lineage and genealogies straight for there were at least two Zerahs, one, as shown here, from the lineage of Simeon, and as we’ll see later, one by the lineage of Judah.
Numbers 26:14 These are the families of the Simeonites, twenty and two thousand and two hundred. -> Only 22,200 here, in Numbers 1:23 their numbers were 59,300, so they have had a decrease of 37,100, an enormous decrease indeed.
Numbers 26:15 The children of Gad after their families: of Zephon, the family of the Zephonites: of Haggi, the family of the Haggites: of Shuni, the family of the Shunites: -> Moving on to the descendents of Gad. Gad was Jacob’s seventh son; he was born by Leah’s handmaid Zilpah, her first born.
Numbers 26:16 Of Ozni, the family of the Oznites: of Eri, the family of the Erites:
Numbers 26:17 Of Arod, the family of the Arodites: of Areli, the family of the Arelites.
Numbers 26:18 These are the families of the children of Gad according to those that were numbered of them, forty thousand and five hundred. -> Gad’s descendents here number 40,500. In Numbers 2:15 their numbers were 45,650, so they have now experienced a decrease of 5,150, not nearly as large a loss as the Simeonites.
Numbers 26:19 The sons of Judah were Er and Onan: and Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. -> Judah was Jacob’s forth son, he was born of Leah, her forth son.
We read in Genesis 38:1 And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah. [38:2] And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took her, and went in unto her. [38:3] And she conceived, and bare a son; and he called his name Er. [38:4] And she conceived again, and bare a son; and she called his name Onan. [38:5] And she yet again conceived, and bare a son; and called his name Shelah: and he was at Chezib, when she bare him. -> So we know by these verses in Genesis that Judah had three sons though only are named here in this verse in Numbers. We also know that both Er and Onan died because we read in Genesis 38:7 And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD slew him. -> In Genesis 38:6 we read that Er had taken Tamar (the line through which Christ would come) to wife and then YHVH slew Er. Then we read in Genesis 38:8 And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother. [38:9] And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother. [38:10] And the thing which he did displeased the LORD: wherefore He slew him also. -> We also know from Genesis 38 that Judah also tried to hide Tamar from his third son, Shelah, and that then later Tamar, with YHVH’S blessings, deceived Judah and lay with him to keep the line to Christ going.
Numbers 26:20 And the sons of Judah after their families were; of Shelah, the family of the Shelanites; of Pharez, the family of the Pharzites: of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites.
Numbers 26:21 And the sons of Pharez were; of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites.
Numbers 26:22 These are the families of Judah according to those that were numbered of them, threescore and sixteen thousand and five hundred. -> Judah’s numbers here are 76,500, but in Numbers 2:4 they were 74,600, so Judah has now increased by 1,900.
Numbers 26:23 Of the sons of Issachar after their families: of Tola, the family of the Tolaites: of Pua, the family of the Punites. -> Moving on to the descendents of the ninth son of Jacob, Issachar. Issachar was born by Leah as well, and was her fifth son.
Numbers 26:24 Of Jashub, the family of the Jashubites: of Shimron, the family of the Shimronites.
Numbers 26:25 These are the families of Issachar according to those that were numbered of them, threescore and four thousand and three hundred. -> Issachar’s descendents here totaled 64,300, in Numbers 2:6 they numbered 54,400, so they also increased, these by 9,900.
Numbers 26:26 Of the sons of Zebulun after their families: of Sered, the family of the Sardites: of Elon, the family of the Elonites: of Jahleel, the family of the Jahleelites. -> Zebulun was Jacob’s tenth son; he was Leah’s sixth son.
Numbers 26:27 These are the families of the Zebulunites according to those that were numbered of them, threescore thousand and five hundred. -> Zebulun’s descendents totaled 60,500 here, in Numbers 2:8 they totaled 57,400. So, they also increased, by 3,100. We are now through six of the twelve tribes of Israel and our total of the children to this point is 307,700 as compared to 337,850 a decrease of 30,150.
Numbers 26:28 The sons of Joseph after their families were Manasseh and Ephraim. -> Joseph is Jacob’s eleventh son, born of Rachel, her first. Remember, Manasseh was Joseph’s first son. He is named first here as compared to Numbers 2:18-20 because, as we’ll see, his descendents increased. In Numbers 2:18-20 Ephraim is named first because he was the standard-bearer and he received the first fruit’s blessing, which can be read in Genesis 48:14.
Numbers 26:29 Of the sons of Manasseh: Machir, the family of the Machirites: and Machir begat Gilead: of Gilead come the family of the Gileadites.
Numbers 26:30 These are the sons of Gilead: of Jeezer, the family of the Jeezerites: of Helek, the family of the Helekites:
Numbers 26:31 And of Asriel, the family of the Asrielites: and of Shechem, the family of the Shechemites:
Numbers 26:32 And of Shemida, the family of the Shemidaites: and of Hepher, the family of the Hepherites.
Numbers 26:33 And Zelophehad the son of Hepher had no sons, but, daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Titzah.
Numbers 26:34 These are the families of Manasseh, and those that were numbered of them, fifty and two thousand and seven hundred. -> Manasseh’s descendents now totaled 52,700, in Numbers 2:21 they totaled 32,200, so they increased by 20,500, a substantial increase.
Numbers 26:35 These are the sons of Ephraim after their families: of Shuthelah, the family of the Shuthalites: of Becher, the family of the Bachrites: of Tahan, the family of the Tahanites.
Numbers 26:36 And these are the sons of Shuthelah: of Eran, the family of the Eranites.
Numbers 26:37 These are the families of the sons of Ephraim according to those that were numbered of them, thirty and two thousand and five hundred. These are the sons of Joseph after their families. -> Ephraim’s descendents totaled 32,500, in Numbers 2:19 they totaled 40,500, so we see a decrease of 7,500.
Numbers 26:38 The sons of Benjamin after their families: of Bela, the family of the Belaites: of Ashbel, the family of the Ashbelites: of Ahiram, the family of the Ahiramites: -> Moving on to the descendents of Benjamin, Jacob’s twelfth and final son, born of Rachel, her second son. Keep in mind though; we are still only on the eighth tribe to this point.
Numbers 26:39 Of Shupham, the family of the Shuphamites: of Hupham, the family of the Huphamites.
Numbers 26:40 And the sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: of Ard, the family of the Ardites: and of Naaman, the family of the Naamites.
Numbers 26:41 These are the sons of Benjamin after their families: and they that were numbered of them were forty and five thousand and six hundred. -> Benjamin’s descendents totaled 45,600 here, in Numbers 2:23, they totaled 35,400, another increase, this time by 10,200.
Numbers 26:42 These are the sons of Dan after their families: of Shuham, the family of the Shuhamites. These are the families of Dan after their families. -> Dan was Jacob’s fifth son, his mother was Bilhah, Rachel’s handmaid, and he was her first son.
Numbers 26:43 All the families of the Shuhamites, according to those that were numbered of them, were threescore and four thousand and four hundred. -> Dan’s descendents here totaled 64,400, in Numbers 2:26 they totaled 62,700; their increase was 1,700, a small increase.
Numbers 26:44 Of the children of Asher after their families: of Jimna, the family of the Jimnites: of Jesui, the family of the Jesuites: of Beriah, the family of the Berlites. -> Asher was Jacob’s eight son; born the second son to Zilpah.
Numbers 26:45 Of the sons of Beriah: of Heber, the family of the Heberites: of Malchiel, the family of the Malchielites.
Numbers 26:46 And the name of the daughter of Asher was Sarah.
Numbers 26:47 These are the families of the sons of Asher according to those that were numbered of them; who were fifty and three thousand and four hundred. -> Asher’s descendents here totaled 53,400 strong, but in Numbers 2:28 they were 41,500, so Asher’s descendents increased in number by 11,900, a substantial increase.
Numbers 26:48 Of the sons of Naphtali after their families: of Jahzeel, the family of the Jahzeelites: of Guni, the family of the Gunites: -> Jacob’s sixth son was Naphtali, born to Bilhah, her second son.
Numbers 26:49 Of Jezer, the family of the Jezerites: of Shillem, the family of the Shillemites.
Numbers 26:50 These are the families of Naphtali according to their families: and they that were numbered of them were forty and five thousand and four hundred. -> Naphtali’s descendents totaled 45,400 here, while in Numbers 2:30, they were 53,400, an 8,000 person decrease.
This completes our numbering of the children of Israel. Levi was not mentioned (numbered) and neither was Joseph actually numbered but his two children (Manasseh and Ephraim) were. So in counting the initial tribes we have only 10 but, in those that were numbered we have twelve because Manasseh and Ephraim were numbered.
The total of the last six tribes that were numbered totaled 294,000, as compared to 265,700 from their previous numbering, an increase of 28,300.
26:51 The total number.
Numbers 26:51 These were numbered of the children of Israel, six hundred thousand and a thousand seven hundred and thirty. -> The total number here is 601,730 as compared to Numbers 2:32; they were 603,550; a decrease of 1,820, only a small decrease. So as we can see, Father is still prospering Abraham’s seed, even after their rebellion of not trusting Him in their saying the giants to too much for them in the Promised Land.
In Egypt they increased and multiplied like crazy as can be read in Exodus 1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled with them..
Seven tribes increased (Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Manasseh, Benjamin, Dan and Asher,) for a total increase of 59,200, besides 1,000 Levites. Five tribes decreased (Reuben, Simeon, Gad, Ephraim and Naphtali,) for a total decrease of 61,020, giving us our 1,820 total decrease.
Let’s look at Jacob’s wives and whether their offspring increased or decreased:
Leah – Increase – in Judah 1,900; Issachar 9,900; Zebulun 3,100; Levi 1,000
- Decrease – in Reuben 2,770; Simeon 37,100. Total: Decrease 23,970.
Rachel – Increase – in Manasseh 20,500; Benjamin 10,200
- Decrease – in Ephraim 8,000. Total: Increase 22,700.
Zilpah – Increase – in Asher 11,900
- Decrease – in Gad 5,150. Total: Increase 6,750.
Bilhah – Increase – in Dan 1,700
- Decrease – in Naphtali 8,000. Total: Decrease 6,300.
So, in the four camps: East camp (Judah, Issachar and Zebulun) all increased; South camp (Reuben, Simeon and Gad) all decreased; West camp (Manasseh and Benjamin) increased while Ephraim decreased; North camp (Dan and Asher) increased while Naphtali decreased.
We can compare all this with Job 12:9 Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the LORD hath wrought this? [12:10] In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind. [12:14] Behold, he breaketh down, and it cannot be built again: he shutteth up a man, and there can be no opening. [12:23] He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again..
26:52-62 Their inheritance.
26:52-62 THEIR INHERITANCE.
26:52-56 Inheritance by number.
Numbers 26:52 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, -> Changing subjects here.
Numbers 26:53 “Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names.
Numbers 26:54 To many thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to few thou shalt give the less inheritance: to every one shall his inheritance be given according to those that were numbered of him. -> This makes sense since it was Elohim/YHVH (Creator, Father/covenant God) that gave them the land in the first place and, the greater in number should get the larger portion of land than the fewer in number.
Numbers 26:55 Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit. -> We can read in Numbers 34:17 These are the names of the men which shall divide the land unto you: Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun. -> The LORD chose Eleazar the priest because he as the priest held the Urim and Thummim by which the lots were cast. The rest of Numbers 34 gives the names of the princes of the tribes to which shall the lots be divided by inheritance.
Numbers 26:56 According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided between many and few. -> Whenever the priest pulled the Urim and Thummim out from behind his breastplate for a judgment, it was received almost as if YHVH had “spoken” the judgment and the result stood.
26:57-62 Levi no inheritance.
Numbers 26:57 And these are they that were numbered of the Levites after their families: of Gershon, the family of the Gershonites: of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites: of Merari, the family of the Merarites. -> Changing now, and moving on to the numbering of the Levites.
Numbers 26:58 These are the families of the Levites: the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, the family of the Korathites. And Kohath begat Amram.
Numbers 26:59 And the name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother bare to Levi in Egypt: and she bare unto Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister. -> As can be read in Exodus 6:20 And Amram took Jochebed his Father’s sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses; and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years. -> Where was it that Jochebed bare Amram’s children? They were all born in Egypt.
Numbers 26:60 And unto Aaron was born Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. -> We know what happened to Aaron’s two oldest sons Nadab and Abihu.
Numbers 26:61 And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before the LORD. -> We read about that in Leviticus 10.
Numbers 26:62 And those that were numbered of them were twenty and three thousand, all males from a month old and upward: for they were not numbered among the children of Israel, because there was no inheritance given them among the children of Israel. -> Here the number of the Levites are 23,000 but in Numbers 3:39 they totaled 22,000, so their number increased by 1,000.
26:63-65 The people.
Numbers 26:63 These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho. -> With the numbering of the priests complete, the numbering of the children is now complete.
Numbers 26:64 But among these there was not a man of whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. -> All those that 20 years old and older during that first numbering died while wandering in the wilderness because they didn’t believe Father when He said that He would clear out the giants from before them upon entering into the Promised Land. All except for two that is.
Numbers 26:65 For the LORD had said of them, “They shall surely die in the wilderness.” And there was not left a man of them save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. -> So nobody over the age of either 58 or 60 was now entering into the Promised Land.