|* Joshua 9
Joshua 9 is an extremely important chapter in Father's Word because it gives us insight to how the priesthood initially became polluted by outside forces; it shows us who these peoples were and by whom and how they were allowed into the priesthood.
With that introduction being said, let's go to Father and ask Him for His Blessings on our Study of His Word: "Father, we come to you right now to thank you for inviting us to Your table in order that we might be able to partake of and receive Your Spiritual Meat, and Father, as we prepare to dine on the sustenance which sustains our inner man, we ask that You O LORD open our ears and eyes, that we might be able to hear and see your Truths, open our hearts and minds and prepare us in order that we may receive Your Truth. We Pray for Your understanding of Your Word, we seek Your knowledge in Your Word and most importantly Father, we Pray for and desire Your Wisdom from Your Word, in Jesus' Precious name we Pray, thank You Father, Amen."
9:1-27 LEAGUE WITH THE GIBEONITES. (Introversion and Repeated Alternation)
9:1-2 What Joshua had done. Cause.
Joshua 9:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings which were on this side Jordan (descender), in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon ([the] white mountain [from its snow]) (Leb-aw-nohn’), the Hittite (khit-tee'), and the Amorite (in the sense of publicity, that is, prominence; thus a mountaineer; or (dwellers on the summits, mountaineers) (em-o-ree'), the Canaanite (peddler) ( ken-ah-an-ee'), the Perizzite (Belonging to a village ) (per-iz-zee’), the Hivite (a villager; or, villagers) (khiv-vee'), and the Jebusite (yeb-oo-see'), heard thereof; —> And it came to pass=This is only a short time after the defeat of Jericho by the Israelites and then Achan taking the accursed thing - that babylonian priest's robe which got Israel that shellacking they took by Ai, of course, Father allowed that to transpire because of Achan; and, also, because, neither Joshua, nor the high priest - Eleazar, had consulted Father as to whether He wanted them to go against Ai.
But now, these six kings of the Canaanite nations are gathering themselves together to come against Israel in order to defeat, or at least, try and defeat them.
So, just who were these peoples: the Hittite; the Amorite; the Canaanite; the Perizzite; the Hivite; and the Jebusite? We can look to two places for our answer, either Genesis 10:1, or I Chronicles 1:15-17. Turn with me to Genesis 10: Genesis 10:15 And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth, -> Though already married and had brought his wife with him on the Ark, after coming onto dry land and many months passed—enough for Noah to plant and grow a vineyard—Ham lay with Noah’s (Ham’s father) wife, his own mother. She conceived and bare a son – Canaan, and we are now reading of his descendants here in these verses. Sidon is his firstborn and Heth his second. [10:16] And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite, [10:17] And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, -> This is why we came here, to discover from whom the Hivites were descended. It’s Canaan. [10:18] And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. -> These are the Canaanites, the abominable people Father told Joshua and Israel utterly destroy – man, woman and child. Why, especially if they’re Adamic? Because, they were mating with the fallen angels, and, were worshipping false gods. [10:19] And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha. -> They had even inhabited Sodom and Gomorrah which Father destroyed because they were committing abominable acts of homosexuality. They haven’t changed much even to today have they – haven’t learned our lesson yet?
Jordan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3383, - ירדּן, - yardên, pronounced - yar-dane', and means: From H3381; a descender; Jarden, the principal river of Palestine: - Jordan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The one river of Palestine, has a course of little more than 200 miles, from the roots of Anti-Lebanon to the head of the Dead Sea. (136 miles in a straight line. --Schaff.) It is the river of the "great plain" of Palestine --the "descender," if not "the river of God" in the book of Psalms, at least that of his chosen people throughout their history. There were fords over against Jericho, to which point the men of Jericho pursued the spies Joshua 2:7, with which we can compare with Judges 3:28. Higher up where the fords or passages of Bethbarah, where Gideon lay in wait for the Midianites Judges 7:24, and where the men of Gilead slew the Ephraimites Judges 12:6. These fords undoubtedly witnessed the first recorded passage of the Jordan in the Old Testament Genesis 32:10. Jordan was next crossed, over against Jericho, by Joshua Joshua 4:12,13. From their vicinity to Jerusalem the lower fords were much used. David, it is probable, passed over them in one instance to fight the Syrians II Samuel 10:17;17:22. Thus there were two customary places at which the Jordan was fordable; and it must have been at one of these, if not at both, that baptism was afterward administered by St. John and by the disciples of our Lord. Where our Lord was baptized is not stated expressly, but it was probably at the upper ford. These fords were rendered so much more precious in those days from two circumstances. First, it does not appear that there were then any bridges thrown over or boats regularly established on the Jordan; and secondly, because "Jordan overflowed all his banks all the time of harvest" Joshua 3:15. The channel or bed of the river became brimful, so that the level of the water and of the banks was then the same. (Dr. Selah Merrill, in his book "Galilee in the Time of Christ" (1881), says, "Near Tarichaea, just below the point where the Jordan leaves the lake (of Galilee), there was (in Christ's time) a splendid bridge across the river, supported by ten piers." --ED.) The last feature which remains to be noticed in the scriptural account of the Jordan is its frequent mention as a boundary: "over Jordan," "this" and "the other side," or "beyond Jordan," were expressions as familiar to the Israelites as "across the water," "this" and "the other side of the Channel" are to English ears. In one sense indeed, that is, in so far as it was the eastern boundary of the land of Canaan, it was the eastern boundary of the promised land Numbers 34:12. The Jordan rises from several sources near Panium (Banias ), and passes through the lakes of Merom (Huleh) and Gennesaret. The two principal features in its course are its descent and its windings. From its fountain heads to the Dead Sea it rushes down one continuous inclined plane, only broken by a series of rapids or precipitous falls. Between the Lake of Gennesaret and the Dead Sea there are 27 rapids. The depression of the Lake of Gennesaret below the level of the Mediterranean Isaiah 653 feet, and that of the Dead Sea 1316 feet. (The whole descent from its source to the Dead Sea Isaiah 3000 feet. Its width varies from 45 to 180 feet, and it is from 3 to 12 feet deep. -Schaff.) Its sinuosity is not so remarkable in the upper part of its course. The only tributaries to the Jordan below Gennesaret are the Yarmuk (Hieromax) and the Zerka (Jabbok). Not a single city ever crowned the banks of the Jordan. Still Bethshan and Jericho to the west, Gerasa, Pella and Gadara to the east of it were important cities, and caused a good deal of traffic between the two opposite banks. The physical features of the Ghor, through which the Jordan flows, are treated of under PALESTINE.”.
Lebanon=First from the Strong'S Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3844, - לבנון, - lebânôn, pronounced - leb-aw-nohn', and means: From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine: - Lebanon.,and now from the Smith's Bible Dictionary:“A mountain range in the north of Palestine. The name Lebanon signifies white, and was applied either on account of snow which, during a great part of the year, cover its whole summit, or on account of the white color of its limestone cliffs and peaks. It is the "white mountain" -- the Mont Blane of Palestine. Lebanon is represented in Scripture as lying upon the northern border of the land of Israel Deuteronomy 1:7; 11:24; Joshua 1:4. Two distinct ranges bear this name. They run in parallel lines from southwest to northeast for about 90 geographical miles, enclosing between them a long, fertile valley from five to eight miles wide, anciently called Coele-Syria . The western range is the "Libanus" of the old geographers and the Lebanon of Scripture. The eastern range was called "Anti-Libanus" by geographers, and "Lebanon toward the sunrising" by the sacred writers Joshua 13:5. Lebanon--the western range--commences on the south of the deep ravine of the Litany , the ancient river Leontes, which drains the valley of Cole-Syria, and falls into the Mediterranean five miles north of Tyre. It runs northeast in a straight line parallel to the coast, to the opening from the Mediterranean into the plain of Emesa, called in Scripture the "entrance of Hamath" Numbers 34:8. Here Nehr el-Kebir--the ancient river Eleutherus-- sweeps round its northern end, as the Leontes does round its southern. The average elevation of the range is from 6000 to 8000 feet; but two peaks rise considerably higher. On the summits of both these peaks the snow remains in patches during the whole summer. The line of cultivation runs along at the height of about 6000 feet; and below this the features of the western slopes are entirely different. The rugged limestone banks are scantily clothed with the evergreen oak, and the sandstone with pines; while every available spot is carefully cultivated. The cultivation is wonderful, and shows what all Syria might be if under a good government. Fig trees cling to the naked rock; vines are trained along narrow ledges; long ranges of mulberries, on terraces like steps of stairs, cover the more gentle declivities; and dense groves of olives fill up the bottoms of the glens. Hundreds of villages are seen-- here built among labyrinths of rocks, there clinging like among labyrinths of rocks, there clinging like swallows' nests to the sides of cliffs; while convents, no less numerous, are perched on the top of every peak. The vine is still largely cultivated in every part of the mountain. Lebanon also abounds in olives, figs and mulberries; while some remnants exist of the forests of pine, oak and cedar which formerly covered it I Kings 5:6; Ezra 3:7; Psalms 29:5; Isaiah 14:8. Considerable numbers of wild beasts still inhabit its retired glens and higher peaks; the writer has seen jackals, hyaenas, wolves, bears and panthers II Kings 14:9; Song of Solomon 4:8; Habakkuk 2:17. Along the base of Lebanon runs the irregular plain of Phoenicia --nowhere more than two miles wide, and often interrupted by bold rocky spurs that dip into the sea. The main ridge of Lebanon is composed of Jura limestone, and abounds in fossils. Long belts of more recent sandstone run along the western slopes, which are in places largely impregnated with iron. Lebanon was originally inhabited by the Hivites and Giblites Joshua 13:5-6; Judges 3:3. The whole mountain range was assigned to the Israelites, but was never conquered by them Joshua 13:2-6; Judges 3:1-3. During the Jewish monarchy it appears to have been subject of the Phoenicians I Kings 5:2-6; Ezra 3:7. From the Greek conquest until modern times Lebanon had no separate history. Anti-Libanus. --The main chain of Anti-Libanus commences in the plateau of Bashan, near the parallel of Caesarea Philippi, runs north to Hermon, and then northeast in a straight line till it stinks down into the great plain of Emesa, not far from the site of Riblah. Hermon is the loftiest peak; the next highest is a few miles north of the site of Abila, beside the village of Bludan , and has an elevation of about 7000 feet. The rest of the ridge averages about 5000 feet; it is in general bleak and barren, with shelving gray declivities, gray cliffs and gray rounded summits. Here and there we meet with thin forests of dwarf oak and juniper. The western slopes descend abruptly into the Buka'a; but the features of the eastern are entirely different. Three side ridges here radiate from Hermon, like the ribs of an open fan, and form the supporting walls of three great terraces. Anti-Libanus is only once distinctly mentioned in Scripture, where it is accurately described as "Lebanon toward the sunrising" Joshua 13:5.”.
The Hittite=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word Number: H2850, - חתּי, - chittı̂y, pronounced - khit-tee', and means: Patronymic from H2845 a Chittite, or descendant of Cheth: - Hittite, Hittites., and now from my notes: The Hittites are descended from Heth. We read in Genesis 10 that Noah begat Shem, Ham and Japeth, after the flood, he planted a vineyard, drank the wine from his vineyard and got drunk. Upon discovering their father drunk, Ham then saw the nakedness of his father Noah—to uncover your father’s nakedness means to have intercourse with his wife, either your mother or step-mother (Leviticus 18, and for further clarification see Leviticus 20:11)—in this case, Ham had intercourse with his own mother — and from this union came Canaan, one of Canaan’s son was Heth, whose descendants are known as the Hittites. The Hittites—though originally Adamic—were living in Canaan — The Promised Land, and they were mating with the fallen angels. When Joshua and the Israelites moved into the Promised Land, these same Hittites,—as can be read in Joshua 9—came to Joshua and the Elders of Israel claiming (read that deceiving; or, lying) that they came from far away, and their reason for coming to Joshua and teh Israelites was because, they wanted to worship Father YHVH; when in reality, they only came from the next city over and they didn't want our forefathers to kill them. This was part of satan’s plan to infiltrate Israel; and sadly, it worked.
The Amorites= First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H567, - אמרי, - 'ĕmôrı̂y, pronounced - em-o-ree', and means: Probably a patronymic from an unused name derived from H559 in the sense of publicity, that is, prominence; thus a mountaineer; an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes: - Amorite., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “:One of the chief nations who possessed the land of Canaan before its conquest by the Israelites. As dwelling on the elevated portions of the country, they are contrasted with the Canaanites, who were the dwellers in the lowlands; and the two thus formed the main broad divisions of the Holy Land Numbers 13:29, and see 14:7; Deuteronomy 1:7,20 "Mountain of the Amorites;" 1:44; Joshua 5:1; 10:6; 11:3. They first occupied the barren heights west of the Dead Sea, at the place called afterwards Engedi. From this point they stretched west to Hebron. At the date of the invasion of the country, Sihon, their then king, had taken the rich pasture land south of the Jabbok. This rich tract, bounded by the Jabbok on the north, the Arnon on the south, the Jordan on the west and "the wilderness" on the east Judges 11:21,22, was, perhaps in the most special sense the "land of the Amorites" Numbers 21:31; Joshua 12:2,3; 13:10; Judges 11:21,22, but their possessions are distinctly stated to have extended to the very foot of Hermon Deuteronomy 3:8; 4:48, embracing "Gilead and all Bashan" Deuteronomy 3:10, with the Jordan valley on the east of the river Deuteronomy 4:49. After the conquest of Canaan nothing of importance is heard of the Amorites in the Bible..”
The Canaanite=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3669, - כּנעני, kena‛anı̂y, pronounced - ken-ah-an-ee', and means: Patrial from H3667; a Kenaanite or inhabitant of Kenaan; by implication a pedlar (the Cananites standing for their neighbors the Ishmaelites, who conducted mercantile caravans): - Canaanite, merchant, trafficker. and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A tribe which inhabited a particular locality of the land west of the Jordan before the conquest; and The people who inhabited generally the whole of that country. In Genesis 10:18-20 the seats of the Canaanite tribe are given as on the seashore and in the Jordan valley; compare with Joshua 11:3. Applied as a general name to the non-Israelite inhabitants of the land, as we have already seen was the case with "Canaan." Instances of this are Genesis 12:6; Numbers 21:3. The Canaanites were descendants of Canaan. Their language was very similar to the Hebrew. The Canaanites were probably given to commerce; and thus the name became probably in later times an occasional synonym for a merchant..”
The Perizzites=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H6522, - פּרזּי, - perizzı̂y, pronounced - per-iz-zee', and means: For H6521; inhabitant of the open country; a Perizzite, one of the Canaanitish tribes: - Perizzite., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “(Belonging to a village), one of the nations inhabiting the land of promise before and at the time of its conquest by Israel. They are continually mentioned in the formula so frequently occurring to express the promised land Genesis 15:20; Exodus 3:8,17; 23:23; 33:2; 34:11. The notice in the book of Judges locates them in the southern part of the holy land. The signification of the name is not by any means clear. It possibly meant rustics, dwellers in open, unwalled villages, which are denoted by a similar word..”
The Hivites=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word Number: H2340, - חוּי, - chivvı̂y, pronounced - khiv-vee', and means: Perhaps from H2333; a villager; a Chivvite, one of the aboriginal tribes of Palestine: - Hivite., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The, descendants --the six in order-- of Canaan the son of Ham Genesis 10:17; I Chronicles 1:15. We first encounter the actual people of the Hivites at the time of Jacob's return to Canaan Genesis 34:2. We next meet with the Hivites during the conquest of Canaan Joshua 9:7; 11:19. The main body of the Hivites were at this time living in the northern confines of western Palestine—"under Hermon, in the land of Mizpeh Joshua 11:3,"—"in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal Hermon to the entering in of Hamath"Judges 3:3, compare with II Samuel 24:7..”
The Jebusites=First from the Strong’s Concordance: “ H2983, - יבוּסי, - yebûsı̂y, pronounced - yeb-oo-see', and means: Patrial from H2982; a Jebusite or inhabitant of Jebus: - Jebusite(-s). and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The Jebusites, were descended from the third son of Canaan Genesis 10:16; I Chronicles 1:14. The actual people first appear in the invaluable report of the spies Numbers 13:29. When Jabin organized his rising against Joshua, the Jebusites joined him Joshua 11:3. "Jebus, which is Jerusalem," lost its king in the slaughter of Beth-horon Joshua 10:1,5,26, with which we can compare with Joshua 12:10. Was sacked and burned by the men of Judah Judges 1:21, and its citadel finally scaled and occupied by David II Samuel 5:6. After this they emerge from the darkness but once, in the person of Araunah the Jebusite, "Araunah the king," who appears before us in true kingly dignity in his well-known transaction with David II Samuel 24:23; I Chronicles 21:24,25..”
Joshua 9:2 That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua (Jehovah-saved; or, saviour, or whose help is Jehovah) (Yeh-ho-shoo'-ah) and with Israel (the prince that prevails with God; or, he will rule as God) (Yis-raw-ale’) (secondary map), with one accord. -> They think they are ready to go to war against Israel; however, they are about to find out how wrong they were.
Joshua=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3091, - יהושׁוּע, or יהושׁע, - Yehôshûa‛, or Yehôshûa‛, pronounced - Yeh-ho-shoo'-ah, or Yeh-ho-shoo'-ah, and means: From H3068 and H3467; Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (that is, Joshua), the Israelite leader: - Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua. Compare H1954, H3442., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ His name appears in the various forms of HOSHEA , OSHEA , JEHOSHUA , JESHUA and JESUS. The son of Nun, of the tribe of Ephraim I Chronicles 7:27. He was nearly forty years old when he shared in the hurried triumph of the exodus. He is mentioned first in connection with the fight against Amalek at Rephidim, when he was chosen by Moses to lead the Israelites Exodus 17:9. Soon afterward he was one of the twelve chiefs who were sent Numbers 13:17, to explore the land of Canaan, and one of the two, (Numbers 14:6) who gave an encouraging report of their journey. Moses, shortly before his death, was directed Numbers 27:18, to invest Joshua with authority over the people. God himself gave Joshua a charge by the mouth of the dying lawgiver. (Deuteronomy 31:14,23) Under the direction of God again renewed Joshua 1:1, Joshua assumed the command of the people at Shittim, sent spies into Jericho, crossed the Jordan, fortified a camp at Gilgal, circumcised the people, kept the passover, and was visited by the Captain of the Lord's host. A miracle made the fall of Jericho more terrible to the Canaanites. In the great battle of Beth-horon the Amorites were signally routed, and the south country was open to the Israelites. Joshua returned to the camp at Gilgal, master of half of Palestine. He defeated the Canaanites under Jabin king of Hazor. In six years, six tribes, with thirty-one petty chiefs, were conquered. Joshua, now stricken in years, proceeded to make the division of the conquered land. Timnath-serah in Mount Ephraim was assigned as Joshua's peculiar inheritance. After an interval of rest, Joshua convoked an assembly from all Israel. He delivered two solemn addresses, recorded in (Joshua 23:24). He died at the age of 110 years, and was buried in his own city, Timnath-serah..”
Israel=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H3478, - ישׂראל, - Yiśrâ'êl, pronounced - Yis-raw-ale', and means: From H8280 and H410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity: - Israel., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: The description of Israel in the Smith’s Bible Dictionary is extensive and too long to post here; so, I’ll instead just post the link to it: Israel.
9:3-5 Deception proposed.
Joshua 9:3 And when the inhabitants of Gibeon (hilly; or, hill city) (ghib-ohn') heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho (fragrant; or, place of fragrance) (Yer-ee-kho') and to Ai (heap of ruins) (ah-yawth'), —> These Gibeonites were't the only ones who heard what Israel had did to Jericho and Ai, Father ensured all the surrounding nations heard, He wanted it broadcast and known.
Inhabitants of Gibeon=These are the Gibeonites, and as we'll learn when we come to verse v9:7 below, the Gibeonites are the Hivites, one of the nations of peoples of Canaan, whom the Israelites were told in Deuteronomy 7:1-2 to utterly destroy, because they had mixed with and mated with the fallen angels. They knew and understood what they had done and they also knew what Father's plan for them was, which is why they are now coming deceitfully to Joshua and the elders. When the other Canaanite nations find out what these Gibeonites are doing—we'll be reading of this in Joshua 10:1-4—they're going to be quite ticked-off at them and want to destroy them.
Gibeon=Gibeon was where one of the "high places" were and it was about 6 1/2 miles from Beth-el, and approximately 8 milles north-north west of Jerusalem.
Gibeon=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1391, - גּבעון, - gib‛ôn, pronounced - ghib-ohn', and means: From the same as H1387; hilly; Gibon, a place in Palestine: - Gibeon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the four , cities of the Hivites, the inhabitants of which made a league with Joshua Joshua 9:3-15, and thus escaped the fate of Jericho and Ai. Compare Joshua 11:19. Gibeon lay within the territory of Benjamin Joshua 18:25, and with its "suburbs" was allotted to the priests Joshua 21:17, of whom it became afterwards a principal station. It retains its ancient name almost intact, el-Jib . Its distance from Jerusalem by the main road is about 6 1/2 miles; but there is a more direct road reducing it to five miles..”
Jericho=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3405, - יריחו, ירחו, or יריחה, - Yerı̂ychô, Yerêchô, or Yerı̂ychôh, pronounced - Yer-ee-kho', Yer-ay-kho' or Yer-ee-kho' and means: Perhaps from H3394; its month; or else from H7306; fragrant; Jericho or Jerecho, a place in Palestine: - Jericho., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city of high antiquity, situated in a plain traversed by the Jordan, and exactly over against where that river was crossed by the Israelites under Joshua Joshua 3:16. It was five miles west of the Jordan and seven miles northwest of the Dead Sea. It had a king. Its walls were so considerable that houses were built upon them Joshua 2:15. The spoil that was found in it betokened its affluence. Jericho is first mentioned as the city to which the two spies were sent by Joshua from Shittim Joshua 2:1-21. It was bestowed by him upon the tribe of Benjamin Joshua 18:21, and from this time a long interval elapses before Jericho appears again upon the scene. Its second foundation under Hiel the Bethelite is recorded in I Kings 16:334. Once rebuilt, Jericho rose again slowly into consequence. In its immediate vicinity the sons of the prophets sought retirement from the world; Elisha "healed the spring of the waters;" and over against it, beyond Jordan, Elijah "went up by a whirlwind into heaven" II Kings 2:1-22. In its plains Zedekiah fell into the hands of the Chaldeans II Kings 25:5; Jerremiah 39:5. In the return under Zerubbabel the "children of Jericho," 345 in number, are comprised Ezra 2:34; Nehemiah 7:36. Under Herod the Great it again became an important place. He fortified it and built a number of new palaces, which he named after his friends. If he did not make Jericho his habitual residence, he at last retired thither to die, and it was in the amphitheater of Jericho that the news of his death was announced to the assembled soldiers and people by Salome. Soon afterward the palace was burnt and the town plundered by one Simon, slave to Herod; but Archelaus rebuilt the former sumptuously, and founded a new town on the plain, that bore his own name; and, most important of all, diverted water from a village called Neaera to irrigate the plain which he had planted with palms. Thus Jericho was once more "a city of palms" when our Lord visited it. Here he restored sight to the blind Matthew 20:30; Mark 10:46; Luke 18:35. Here the descendant of Rahab did not disdain the hospitality of Zaccaeus the publican. Finally, between Jerusalem and Jericho was laid the scene of his story of the good Samaritan. The city was destroyed by Vespasian. The site of ancient (the first) Jericho is placed by Dr. Robinson in the immediate neighborhood of the fountain of Elisha; and that of the second (the city of the New Testament and of Josephus) at the opening of the Wady Kelt (Cherith), half an hour from the fountain. (The village identified with jericho lies a mile and a half from the ancient site, and is called Riha . It contains probably 200 inhabitants, indolent and licentious and about 40 houses. Dr. Olin says it is the "meanest and foulest village of Palestine;" yet the soil of the plain is of unsurpassed fertility. --ED.).”
Ai=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find it is Hebrew word number: H5857, - עי, עיּא, or, עיּת, - ‛ay, ‛ayâ', or ‛ayâth, pronounced - ah'ee, ah-yaw', or ah-yawth', and means: For H5856; Ai, Aja or Ajath, a place in Palestine: - Ai, Aija, Aijath, Hai., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “A city lying east of Bethel and "beside Bethaven" Joshua 7:2; 8:9. It was the second city taken by Israel after the passage of the Jordan, and was "utterly destroyed" Joshua 7:3-5; 8:1; 9:3; 10:1,2; 12:9. Also, a city of the Ammonites, apparently attached to Heshbon Jeremiah 49:3..”
Joshua 9:4 They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up; —> Wilily=Check out this word “wilily” in your strong's Concordance and you'll find that it is Hebrew word number: H6195, - ערמה, - ‛ormâh pronounced - or-maw', and means: Feminine of H6193; trickery; or (in a good sense) discretion: - guile, prudence, subtilty, wilily, wisdom. — in the next few verses we'll read of their trickery. These deceiving Hivites are going to pretend to want to worship Father YHVH; however, all they are really doing is trying to save themselves from being killed, like Father had instructed Joshua and the Israelites to do to them.
Joshua 9:5 And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy. —> Notice in verse v9:4 that they started being deceitful by making “as if they had been ambassadors,” well here in this verse, they continue their lying by saying that they came from so far away that even their shoes and clothing are worn out.
9:6-8 League Proposed.
Joshua 9:6 And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal (wheel; or, a wheel, or rolling) (ghil-gawl'), and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, “We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.” —> Yeah, they rolled all the clothes and bread in the dirt to make it appear to be old and worn out in order to fool Joshua and the Israelites that they came from a far away place.
Gilgal=First from the Strong’s Concordance we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1537, - גּלגּל, - gilgâl, pronounced - ghil-gawl', and means: The same as H1536 (with the article as a properly noun); Gilgal, the name of three places in Palestine: - Gilgal. See also H1019., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The site of the first camp of the Israelites on the west of the Jordan, the place at which they passed the first night after crossing the river, and where the twelve stones were set up which had been taken from the bed of the stream Joshua 4:19,20, compare with Joshua 4:3 where also they kept the first passover in the land of Canaan Joshua 5:10. It was "in the east border of Jericho," apparently on a hillock or rising ground Joshua 5:3, compare with Joshua 5:9. In the Arboth-Jericho (Authorized Version "the plains"), that is, the hot depressed district of the Ghor which lay between the town and the Jordan Joshua 5:10. Here Samuel was judge, and Saul was made king. We again have a glimpse of it, some sixty years later, in the history of David's return to Jerusalem II Samuel 19:40. A Gilgal is spoken of in Joshua 15:7 in describing the north border of Judah. In Joshua 18:17 it is given as Geliloth. Gilgal near Jericho is doubtless intended. The "king of the nations of Gilgal" or rather perhaps the "king of Goim at Gilgal," is mentioned in the catalogue of the chiefs overthrown bv Joshua Joshua 12:23. Possibly the site of this place is marked by the modern village Jiljulieh , about four miles south of Antipatris, which lies 16 miles northeast of Joppa. But another Gilgal, under the slightly-different form of Kilkilieh , lies about two miles east of Antipatris..”
Joshua 9:7 And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites (one of the bands of people Father told the Israelites to utterly destroy in Deuteronomy: Deuteronomy 7:1 When the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou; [7:2] And when the LORD thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them: [7:3] Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. [7:4] For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly. [7:5] But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.), “Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?” —> The Israelites didn't trust them so they asked the Hivites why they should make a peaceful covenant with them.
Joshua 9:8 And they said unto Joshua, “We are thy servants.” And Joshua said unto them, “Who are ye? and from whence come ye?” —> Joshua knew they had no servants, so there is something that just isn't quite right here but he cannot yet put his finger on it.
9:9-11 Deception carried out.
Joshua 9:9 And they said unto him, (listen to the Hivites' lies) “From a very far country thy servants are come because of the name of the LORD thy God: for we have heard the fame of Him, and all that He did in Egypt,
Joshua 9:10 And all that He did to the two kings of the Amorites, that were beyond Jordan, to Sihon (tempestuous; or, warrior) (see-khone') king of Heshbon (stronghold) (khesh-bone'), and to Og (round; or, long-necked) (ogue) king of Bashan (fruitful) ( baw-shawn'), which was at Ashtaroth (the name of a Sidonian deity; or, a star) (ash-taw-roth'). —> Yes, they heard alright, and they didn't want the same treatment done to them. Why did Father do this and want the Israelites to utterly destroy them? It all goes back to Genesis 6 and the people mating with the fallen angels who were trying to corrupt the seedline through which He—Father—would come through and be born in the flesh.
Sihon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5511, - סיחון, or סיחן, - sı̂ychôn, orsı̂ychôn, pronounced - see-khone', or see-khone' and means: From the same as H5477; tempestuous; Sichon, an Amoritish king: - Sihon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “King of the Amorites when Israel arrived on the borders of the promised land Numbers 21:21. Shortly before the time of Israel's arrival he had dispossessed the Moabites of a splendid territory, driving them south of the natural bulwark of the Amen. Ibid Numbers 21:26-29. When the Israelite host appeared, he did not hesitate or temporize like Balak, but at once gathered his people together and attacked them. But the battle was his last. He and all his host were destroyed, and their district from Amen to Jabbok became at once the possession of the conqueror..”
Heshbon=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H2809, - חשׁבּון, - cheshbôn, pronounced - khesh-bone', and means: The same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan: - Heshbon., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “The capital city of Sihon king of the Amorites Numbers 21:26. It stood on the western border of the high plain—Mishor Joshua 13:17—and on the boundary line between the tribes of Reuben and Gad. The ruins of Hesban , 20 miles east of the Jordan, on the parallel of the northern end of the Dead Sea mark the site, as they bear the name; of the ancient Heshbon. There are many cisterns among the ruins. Compare Song of Solomon 7:4..”
Og=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H5747, - עוג, - ‛ôg, pronounced - ogue, and means: Probably from H5746; round; Og, a king of Bashan: - Og., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “An Amoritish king of Bashan, whose rule extended over sixty cities Joshua 13:12. He was one of the last representatives of the giant race of Rephaim, and was, with his children and his people, defeated and exterminated by the Israelites at Edrei immediately after the conquest of Sihon Numbers 32:33; Deuteronomy 3:1-13; 1:4; 4:7; 31]:4; Joshua 2:10; 9:10; 13:12,30. The belief in Og's enormous stature is corroborated by an allusion to his iron bedstead preserved in "Rabbath of the children of Ammon" Deuteronomy 3:11..”
Bashan=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H1316, - בּשׁן, - bâshân, pronounced - baw-shawn', and means: Of uncertain derivation; Bashan (often with the article), a region East of the Jordan: - Bashan., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “ A district on the east of Jordan. It is sometimes spoken of as the "land of Bashan" I Chronicles 5:11 and we can compare with Numbers 21:33; 32:33. And sometimes as "all Bashan" Deuteronomy 3:10,13; Joshua 12:5; 13:12,30. It was taken by the children of Israel after their conquest of the land of Sihon from Arnon to Jabbok. The limits of Bashan are very strictly defined. It extended from the "border of Gilead" on the south to Mount Hermon on the north Deuteronomy 3:3,10,14; Joshua 12:5; I Chronicles 5:23, and from the Arabah or Jordan valley on the west to Salchah (Sulkhad) and the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites on the east Joshua 12:3-5; 3:10. This important district was bestowed on the half-tribe of Manasseh Joshua 13:29-31, together with "half Gilead." This country is now full of interesting ruins, which have lately been explored and from which much light has been thrown upon Bible times.”.
Ashtaroth=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H6252, - עשׁתּרות, or עשׁתּרת, - ‛ashtârôth, or ‛ashtârôth, pronounced - ash-taw-roth', or ash-taw-roth', and means: Plural of H6251; Ashtaroth, the name of a Sidonian deity, and of a place East of the Jordan: - Ashtaroth, Astaroth. See also H1045, H6253, H6255., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “and once As'taroth ( a star ), a city on the east of Jordan in Bashan, in the kingdom of Og, doubtless so called from being a seat of the worship of the goddess of the same name Deuteronomy 1:4; Joshua 9:10; 12:4; 13:12..”
9:11 League proposed.
Joshua 9:11 Wherefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spake to us, saying, ‘Take victuals with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say unto them, ‘We are your servants:’ ’ therefore now make ye a league with us. —> More lies coming up.
9:12-13 Deception successful.
Joshua 9:12 This our bread we took hot for our provision out of our houses on the day we came forth to go unto you; but now, behold, it is dry, and it is mouldy:
Joshua 9:13 And these bottles of wine, which we filled, were new; and, behold, they be rent: and these our garments and our shoes are become old by reason of the very long journey.” —> More lies as they came from the next town over, they didn't come from far off at all; it was all to gain access to the Israelite camp and also so that they wouldn't be killed.
9:14-15 League made.
Joshua 9:14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD. —> Here is Joshua and the elders of Israel's mistake – they never sought Father's counsel on this matter, they just took action on their own.
Joshua 9:15 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation sware unto them. —> Made a league with them=This means that Joshua made a covenant or contract with the sworn enemy to not kill them. Yes it was made under false pretenses on the enemies part, but it was still a contract that the Israelites know they will have to live with.
9:16-17 Deception discovered.
Joshua 9:16 And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them. —> It didn't take too long before the Israelites heard that these Hivites were in actuality — their next door neighbors. So now what will the Israelites do?
Joshua 9:17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah (the village (always with the article); or, the hamlet) ( kef-ee-raw'), and Beeroth, (wells ; or wells) ( be-ay-rohth'), and Kirjath-jearim (city of forests, or city of towns; city of forests) ( (keer-yath') yeh-aw-reem'). —> The lie is out, it only three days journey to get to their cities – not nearly enough time for their bread to get mouldy or their clothes to wear out. What will the Israelites do now?
Chephirah=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H3716, - כּפירה, - kephı̂yrâh, pronounced - kef-ee-raw', and means: Feminine of H3715; the village (always with the article); Kephirah, a place in Palestine: - Chephirah., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the four cities of the Gibeonites Joshua 9:17, named afterwards among the towns of Benjamin Ezra 2:25; Nehemiah 7:29..”
Beeroth=First from the Strong’s Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H881, - בּארות, - be'êrôth, pronounced - be-ay-rohth', and means: Feminine plural of H875; wells; Beeroth, a place in Palestine: - Beeroth., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “One of the cities of the Canaanites whose inhabitants succeeded in deceiving Israel, and in making a covenant with them Joshua 9:3. Apparently they were Hivites Joshua 9:7. The occasion on which the Beerothites fled to Gittaim where they preserved their communal identity is not indicated. The town was reckoned to Benjamin II Samuel 4:2. Eusebius, Onomasticon places it under Gibeon, 7 Roman miles from Jerusalem on the way to Nicopolis (Amwas). If we follow the old road by way of Gibeon (el-Jib) and Bethhoron, Beeroth would lie probably to the Northwest of el-Jib. The traditional identification is with el-Bireh, about 8 miles from Jerusalem on the great north road. If the order in which the towns are mentioned Joshua 9:17; 18:25 is any guide as to position, el-Bireh is too far to the Northwest. The identification is precarious. To Beeroth belonged the murderers of Ish-bosheth II Samuel 4:2, and Naharai, Joab's armor-bearer II Samuel 23:37; I Chronicles 11:39. It was reoccupied after the Exile Ezra 2:25; Nehemiah 7:29..”
Kirjath-jearim=First from the Strong's Concordance, we find that it is Hebrew word number: H7157, - קרית יערים, or קרית ערים, - qiryath ye‛ârı̂ym, or qiryath ‛ârı̂ym, pronounced - (keer-yath') yeh-aw-reem', or (keer-yath') aw-reem', and means: Used in Jer_26:20 with the article interposed; or in Jos_18:28 using simply the former part of the word; from H7151 and the plural of H3293 or H5892; city of forests, or city of towns; Kirjath Jearim or Kirjath Arim, a place in Palestine: - Kirjath, Kirjath-jearim, Kirjath-arim., and now from the Smith’s Bible Dictionary: “First mentioned as one of the four cities of the Gibeonites Joshua 9:17, it next occurs as one of the landmarks of the northern boundary of Judah Joshua 15:9, and as the point at which the western and southern boundaries of Benjamin coincided Joshua 18:14,15, and in the last two passages we find that it bore another, perhaps earlier, name --that of the great Canaanite deity Baal, namely BAALAH and KIRJATH-BAAL. At this place the ark remained for twenty years I Samuel 7:2. At the close of that time Kirjath-jearim lost its sacred treasure, on its removal by David to the house of Obed-edom the Gittite I Chronicles 13:5,6; II Chronicles 1:4; 6:2, etc. To Eusebius and Jerome it appears to have been well known. They describe it as a village at the ninth mile between Jerusalem and Diospolis (Lydda). These requirements are exactly fulfilled in the small modern village of Kuriet-el-Enab --now usually known as Abu Gosh , from the robber chief whose headquarters it was --on the road from Jaffa and Jerusalem..”
Joshua 9:18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel. And all the congregation murmured against the princes. —> Rather than uphold their promise to Father—to Whom they swore that they would indeed utterly destroy all the inhabitants of these lands—they reneged on that promise, and instead, kept a promise to man. Father knew these Hivites were lying to Joshua and the elders; and, had they come to Him and sought His counsel through Eleazar the high priest who had the Urim and Thummim, He would have told them to not make a league with them;but, to continue in their utterly destroying them.
The people rightfully said that what the “princes” — Joshua and the elders did, was wrong.
9:19-21 Deception compounded.
Joshua 9:19 But all the princes said unto all the congregation, “We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them. —> They had already sworn to Father that they would kill them, they should have honored their first promise, the one made to Father.
Joshua 9:20 This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them.” —> As we saw from Dr. Smith's notes above, when Saul does in fact exact revenge, they in turn, enact their own by taking seven of Saul's descendants and hanging them.
Joshua 9:21 And the princes said unto them, “Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation;” as the princes had promised them. —> At present, per this verse, they are only allowing them to be the drawers of water and hewers of wood for the congregation, but let's continue reading and see what happens.
9:22-27 What Joshua did. Consequence.
9:22 Question of Joshua.
Joshua 9:22 And Joshua called for them (the deceiving Hivites), and he spake unto them, saying, “Wherefore have ye beguiled us, saying, ‘We are very far from you; when ye dwell among us? —> It's a little late for a confrontation with them about their lying now! Listen to the next verse and pay close attention to the change that Joshua makes:
9:23 The sentence of Joshua. "Now therefore," and following.
Joshua 9:23 Now therefore ye are cursed, and there shall none of you be freed from being bondmen, and hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God. —> For the house of my God=(1)Why in the world would Joshua think that putting them in the House of the LORD would be a good thing; (2) when did Father YHVH become his God?; and (3) who is actually cursed? The Israelites are, for they have opened a door and invited the enemy right on into the House of the LORD. He cannot see; but, fortunately we have the hindsight to see, that this was a big mistake, for because of this, the Levites will become lazy and allow them—the Hivites—to take over other duties the Levites and then the priests were supposed to be doing, such as scribe, record keeping, and writing Father's Word for the high priest, and then even the priesthood itself.
9:24 Reply to question by Gibeonites.
Joshua 9:24 And they answered Joshua, and said, “Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the LORD thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing.
9:25-27 The sentence submitted to. "Now behold," and following.
Joshua 9:25 And now, behold, we are in thine hand: as it seemeth good and right unto thee to do unto us, do.” —> No lie coming out of the mouth of the Hivite now; they absolutely were afraid for their lives, and rightfully so. Had they never messed with and mated with the fallen angels, Father would never have told Moses and the Israelites to utterly destroy them.
Joshua 9:26 And so did he unto them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, that they slew them not. —> Joshua fell prey to their pleading and had pity on them. Think of the consequences of his actions: (1) they now have some of the hybrid giants in their midst; (2) they — the Hivites, have the knowledge concerning the First Earth Age which was passed onto them from the fallen angels that Father didn't want them to have, knowledge that He wanted to share — not corrupted knowledge; (3) and here in the next and last verse of this Chapter as well see, Joshua will again make them the hewers of wood and drawers of water for the House of the LORD, giving them access right to Father and His things. Eventually, the priests because of this will become so lazy that they'll allow these same Hivites and others that they also allow into their camp, to completely take over the priesthood. We can read about it in the Book of Ezra.
Joshua 9:27 And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of the LORD, even unto this day, in the place which he should choose. —> So, if you have your enemy doing the things in your house that you should be doing, how do you think you'll fare? Joshua made them the temple servants (or, as we'll read of them in the future, the “nethinim”), and the first place we'll read of them is in I Chronicles 9:2. These same peoples were the “scribes” Jesus—Emmanuel, God with us—was against when He walked in the flesh. What happened to them after they crucified Jesus? Did they disband and go away? No, they still to this day control some of the priesthood of a lot of denominations. It is for this very reason we have some of the dogma coming out of the kurch houses that we do.
Sept 2012\Updated: Aug 2016.
This Bible Study was written by Scott Reis and is provided in order to be used as a private Bible Study Tool. Therefore, it may be copied in whole or in part and shared for private Bible Study; however, it may not be reproduced and published as an original work.