As we come to this, the final Chapter in the Book of Ruth, we continue learning from the previous Chapter, concerning of the Law of the Kinsman Redeemer. At the end of Ruth 3, Ruth had crept into Boaz's threshing place and uncovered his feet as he lay sleeping; she then climbed next to his feet to sleep for the night. He in turn as he turned in his sleep felt that someone was there and it startled him awake. He asked in the dark who it was that was with him, and Ruth replied it was she, and that she was there for him to claim the rite of kinsman. He then tells her that he will gladly do so, however, there is one of their relatives who is a nearer kinsman than he, that he must, according to the law, offer the rite of near kinsman to him first, and if he declines that rite, then he - Boaz, will immediately claim the rite.
This Law and Rite of kinsman redeemer is important to us living in this, the final generation of this earth--Flesh--Age. Why? Because our Redeemer will soon be returning to claim His rite as Kinsman, however, there is one coming prior to the True's return, who will try and usurp that rite and claim Father's children for his own. He will come close to succeeding, but then the True will return and claim the rite. How will we know the difference between the two? How do we know which is the True? Well, for starters, One paid the price with the loss of His Flesh life - which was the reason for His becoming flesh in the first place.
4:1-13 CLAIM OF KINSMAN. FULFILLED. (Introversion)
4:1-11 In detail.
Ruth 4:1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, "Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here." And he turned aside, and sat down. -> Up to the gate=the gate of the city is where the judges of the city sat, it was also where every body who entered into or left the city passed on their way in or out, likewise also, it was where a lot of business was conducted. You can also compare the city gate to the judgment seat as it is a type for such.
The kinsman=Hebrew "goel"=next of kin, the one who has the right of redemption.
Boaz knows his relative will be coming through the gate, so he gets there early enough to be there prior to the man and he sits himself down to await his arrival. When the man arrives, Boaz calls out to him and asks him to sit with him, meaning that he has some business he wants to discuss with him. Boaz's relative being friendly, turns and sits by Boaz's side. Boaz doesn't want to rush things, he wants to properly set the stage affording his relative--the nearer kinsman--the opportunity to decline - and this is what Boaz is hoping for, a declination in order that he then can then claim the rite and marry Ruth. He really needent worry as Father's hand is in this and Boaz will eventually claim that rite and marry Ruth.
Ruth 4:2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, "Sit ye down here." And they sat down. -> Boaz is doing this proper. The first thing he does; is get ten of the city's elders or - councilmen, to be witnesses to what he has to say to his relative - the kinsman who has no idea what Boaz is about to say to him. Boaz wants to be sure that should his relative decline the rite, then after Boaz claims the rite, his relative will not be able to come back and say that Boaz never offered it to him.
We can really see the love that this family has for YHVH, as both Naomi and now Boaz are meticulously following Father's law.
Ruth 4:3 And he said unto the kinsman, "Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech's: -> Remember, Boaz and the entire family as well as the entire community is of the tribe of Judah, they are therefore likewise also relation to Elimelech, and kinsmen to Naomi. They will hear the matter, and be witnesses to what will be agreed upon by Boaz and this other kinsman of Naomi's. Naomi has some land she is selling, and it is the near kinsman's right to lay claim to that property. Boaz is telling the man and the witnesses that he knows of this sale, and is first offering it to the kinsman, however, if the kinsman doesn't wish to purchase it, he - Boaz, is interested in purchasing it from Naomi.
Ruth 4:4 And I thought to advertise thee, saying, 'Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee.'" And he said, "I will redeem it." -> Boaz lays it all out to the near kinsman and the ten councilmen. The kinsman, after hearing what Boaz has to say; says that he will in fact--Redeem="Ga'al", to redeem by purchase--purchase the property of Naomi's.
Boaz thought he--the kinsman--might say that he'd buy the property; so he purposefully withheld just a tidbit of information in order that he might persuade the kinsman into changing his mind. Boaz then informs the kinsman and the elders all that will be required by the one doing the redeeming. What will happen next? Let's listen in:
Ruth 4:5 Then said Boaz, "What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance." -> Here's the kicker that the kinsman didn't comprehend prior to his confirming that he'd claim the right of redemption. Boaz now explains that whoever purchases Naomi and Ruth's land; also must take on the responsibility of providing for Naomi and Ruth. Not only must he take care of the two of them but he must also provide Ruth a child, and that child must be raised in the name of Mahlon, and be the first to the inheritance upon reaching his adulthood. This is what the Law of Kinsman is all about; when a brother dies, the brother takes the land and his wife, and has a child by that wife which will be first in line for inheritance of that land. In other words, whatever heritage and wealth the brother doing the purchasing has; if he has no family of his own, it reverts back to the deceased brother's name - and back to the son of his widow.
So Boaz is explaining to his next of kin that even though he did not have any male children, if he took the field and the widowed wife, all that he will accumulate will revert back to the name of his brother in inheritance, and to the first born of the widow. So if he took Ruth to wife and she bare a son, then at age, that son has the right to take all the land to himself. So the kinsman listens to Boaz, and all the details of purchasing the field, and decides that maybe, just maybe, it doesn't sound like such a good deal after all. He would be paying for land which in the long run would never really be his, for when the first born is of age, there goes the land with nothing received back for it.
Ruth 4:6 And the kinsman said, "I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it." -> The reality of the situation hits the kinsman right between his eyes and sits in his stomach like a lead ball. He immediately changes his mind and now refuses and declines the claim and the rite of kinsman.
Let's recall Deuteronomy 25 and read again, what happens when the rite is declined: Deuteronomy 25:7 And if the man like not to take his brother's wife (as just happened here), then let his brother's wife go up to the gate unto the elders, and say, My husband's brother refuseth to raise up unto his brother a name in Israel, he will not perform the duty of my husband's brother. -> Even though they have already heard it, it is now for Ruth to come also to these same elders and declare that the kinsman has just refused the rite of kinsman; he has refused to perform the duty of her husband's brother. [25:8] Then the elders of his city shall call him, and speak unto him: and if he stand to it, and say, I like not to take her; -> No need to call the man as he has declared in front of them that he declines the rite. [25:9] Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, "So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house." -> As we're about to read here in Ruth, there will be no need for Ruth to come, nor for her to take the man's shoe off his foot. He's already there in front of the elders, he knows and understands the Law, and will himself take off his shoe. [25:10] And his name shall be called in Israel, "The house of him that hath his shoe loosed." -> Whether or not the nearer kinsman's name ever became "mud" or not, Father's Word doesn't declare, though the law was the law and I'm guessing it was. In reality, I guess we can also understand why the man declined. He has chosen to claim the rite; he would have forfeited his own heritage and lineage, and he wasn't willing to accept that.
Think hard on this, for we too have a kinsman from this lineage of Boaz's, Who is our Redeemer, Who has purchased us by paying the price with His flesh life upon the cross.
But for our purposes of this Study; let's continue and read what now transpires between Boaz and Ruth as Boaz now has that right to claim the rite of kinsman.
Ruth 4:7 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel. -> A man=A custom which grew up outside of Father's Law. This law is no longer in effect, today, we follow the law written of in the Book of Galatians: Galatians 4:1 Now I say, That the heir, as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from a servant, though he be lord of all; -> The point Paul is trying to impress upon us in these first few verses is that this one who is still under the law, still has those who order him around and control certain aspects of his life. Likewise also so it is with our Father, when we are a Student of His Word, when we're still a babe in the Word, we're not yet ready to claim our inheritance. [4:2] But is under tutors and governors until the time appointed of the father. -> Until he--no gender involved here--reaches maturity - adulthood. [4:3] Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: -> Elements=The elementary rules, Stoicheion in the Hebrew-the evil rudiments. When we were under the law, we were still in bondage to these evil rudiments-the bad parts of this Age. We were exposed to them and actually, many of us participated in them. [4:4] But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law, -> We men and yes, women too, owe Father and women a great deal, for it is through women that we all are born in the flesh. Likewise also, Father Himself--as His only begotten Son-- was born of the flesh through a woman. Why did Father do this? [4:5] To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. -> Here is why we came here to Galatians 4: Redeem=here is the Law of kinsman redeemer. Jesus is our kinsman and it is His right and rite to redeem us. Through His redemption we are now--when we accept Him and what He did for us--adopted in as rightful heirs. [4:6] And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying, "Abba, Father." -> The Spirit of His Son=This is Father's Holy Spirit. Abba, Father=Father, Father in both the Hebrew (of chaldee origin) and English. [4:7] Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. -> Through Christ=Only through Him, He, and He alone, paid the purchase for us; and as He declares in John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by Me." -> He paid that price for all of us if we accept His redemption of us. [4:8] Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. -> No gods=Notice that lower case "g." What are these "no gods" that we were in bondage too? Anything that came between us and our serving our Father, be it a car, a house, our friends. When we Studied not His Word but instead, went fishing, golfing or what have you, then we were serving those things and not Father. [4:9] But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God, how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage? -> Sadly, many times today, we, and yes, I said "we" to include myself, fall short and turn back to those things which at one time held us in bondage to our sinful nature. What do we do when we do fall short? We repent and ask Father to forgive us and as His children and He our Father Who loves us; He will indeed forgive us.
Ruth 4:8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, "Buy it for thee." So he drew off his shoe. -> So the legal process takes ensues; the kinsman takes off his shoe and gives it to Boaz, thereby completing the changing of kinsman redeemer. This exchange had legally taken place in the presence of the ten councilmen witnesses. The drawing off of the shoe was in accordance with Deuteronomy 25:9-10.
Ruth 4:9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, "Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi. -> Boaz declares that all these who witnessed this exchange; are indeed witnesses to his now being the rightful claimant of kinsman of Elimelech's family lineage. This gives him the right to marry Ruth, and yes, he knows their first born will have to be raised up to Ruth's deceased husband, and he'll likewise have to bring Naomi under his roof, which he'll be more than pleased to do.
Ruth 4:10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day." -> All the way around Boaz was on the up and up, he did everything legal and in front of witnesses. He immediately declares his intentions that he will take Ruth to be his wife and that their first born will receive the inheritance of both Mahlon's and his heritage and lineage - and that lineage of course extends all the way to Emmanuel - God with us, our Lord Jesus Christ - the Redeemer of redeemers.
Ruth 4:11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, "We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Beth-lehem: -> Which two did build the House of Israel=These witnesses and all the people know their history; that it was through these two sisters--Rachel and Leah, and their handmaidens - Jacob's wives--that the twelve patriarchs who will become the House of Israel, will be born. It is from within the twelve tribes of Israel, one of the patriarchal sons--Judah--that this one - Boaz, would come, and through his lineage would come our Messiah - Jesus Christ.
Why else are the people in this verse giving praise to women? Do you know or remember who Boaz's mother was? It was the successful Flax business woman - Rahab; we can document this in Matthew 1:5 And Salmon begat Booz (this is Boaz in the Greek) of Rachab (Rahab in the Greek – Boaz's mother); and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;.
Ruth 4:12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman." -> If you don't understand the story of how Tamar became pregnant, you don't know Father's Word. As can be read in Genesis 38; Judah - the line through which the kings will come, but more importantly, the seedline through which Father will be born, liked an extacurricular activity when he went to shear sheep. He liked the women, he went into a Adullamite - a canaanite--non-Adamic--woman who then conceived; so he married her and she then bare him three sons. The eldest--Er, a bastard (as were his brothers): one born to a Hebrew father and a heathen or non-Adamic mother--when he becomes "of age" marries Tamar an Adamic woman. Er is wicked in Father's sight; so Father slays him; Father called him Home. According to the law as we are reading here in the Book of Ruth concerning the kinsman, his brother--Onan--takes Tamar to wife to raise up a son to his brother Er. Onan instead spills his seed on the ground which displeased Father; so Father slaws him also. Remember this is the seedline through which Father will be born and both these young men are non-Adamic, which just will not do. Judah, fearing for his youngest son, sends Tamar away. After a time, it's time for Judah to go and his shear sheep again, what do he do? He goes looking for a woman to lay with. Tamar on the other hand, hears that her father-in-law is coming to shear sheep, so she dresses as an harlot in order to seduce her father-in-law to laying with her to secure her rightful inheritance. So hidden behind her veil, she waits and sure enough here comes Judah and picks her--Father's hand is in this to bring forth this seed line--when negotiating the price, Judah says he didn't bring any money, so Tamar says, that he may leave his signet ring and his staff until he brings the money to her, which in his passion, he agrees to do; Tamar become pregnant from this encounter. Several months pass and Tamar begins to show, word gets back to Judah that his daughter-in-law is pregnant which shouldn't, but does; anger him. He then goes to see her and demand an explanation, and when he shows up demanding to know who the father is; Tamar breaks out his ring and staff, thusly shocking Judah to his core, but acknowledging that she had been more righteous than he. Born of this encounter between Judah and Tamar are the twins Pharez and Zarah; it is through Pharez the lineage will continue to Jesus.
4:13 In sum.
Ruth 4:13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son. -> The LORD gave her conception=Father's hand at work here in this union of Boaz and Ruth, just as he was in all the others which are in His seed-line. We must consider here is that even though Ruth bare the child, Obed--the father of Jesse, the father of David--this son was in the name of Elimelech, as well as Mahlon, so you could say that, in a sense, the child even gave seed to Naomi, as Naomi will play a very important role in the bringing up and care of this child. We see that Boaz will take care of not only Ruth, but Naomi in her old age.
4:14-17 SYMPATHY WITH NAOMI. IN JOY (Introversion)
4:14-15 Blessing by women.
Ruth 4:14 And the women said unto Naomi, "Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel. -> That his name be famous in Israel=His name is famous in Israel; not only did he leave Naomi a kinsman, but through this genealogy comes our kinsman. This is why the value of kinsman should be very important to each of us. It is our family, and our family name. When we have a kinsman, we should never turn against them, even if they are of a difference religious preference and denomination. It doesn't matter; allow them to believe as they believe, for we know that in the Millennium age, we will have the opportunity to have an influence one each member of our family. Kinsmen are next of kin, father, mother, brother, unmarried sister, and our first cousins, aunts and uncles. It is from that family love and kinship that your inheritance comes, because Father will bless that kinship. Both these prayers became prophecy because Father answered each of them. You can see the love in this family, for that is the love of our Father for His family.
When family problems arise - as they often do, take time to consider those kin, and think of how you can be of help to those of kin of yours that need your assistance. Prior to taking action; do a little praying, seeking Father for His guidance. Your kinsmen don't have to believe as you do, for each person has free-will and must make up their own mind as to what they wish to believe, because they are the ones that will stand before the Father and give account of themselves. You don't account for them and they don't give account for you. You can still support them even when there is a difference in religious commitment. They are your kin, and if you plant the seed of truth, then leave that seed alone and allow Father to make it grow. It is the Spirit of God that opens ones mind or closes it to understanding truth from His Word. Be patient and set the example that your kin can see Father's blessing in your life. So the rest of the verses in this chapter deal with the seed line of Jesus Christ, through David. This relationship of kinsman redeemer is the reason that it was read on Pentecost day each year.
Ruth 4:15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him." -> And he=This is in reference to Boaz - the kinsman redeemer; it is he that was that restorer of life to Naomi, it was he that nourished her into her old age. What a prayer of blessing. Stop and think what this is saying of Ruth, her daughter in law. It was she which had given Naomi that seven-fold declaration and pledge. What a compliment! "Seven sons" were considered the height of blessings from God, and here this prayer of blessing puts Ruth higher than having seven sons. The sons worked the land and gave provision for your old age, yet Ruth took care of Naomi more than could be provided by the seven sons. This is the highest compliment that one could give a person.
4:16 Naomi's joy.
Ruth 4:16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it. -> Naomi took her grandson, that precious child who would have the right of inheritance of her family, and she became the nurse to him. This child became her redeemer in her old age.
We must not forget that there was a kinsman who had refused to redeem her; likewise also, we must not feel too negatively about him because he was concerned about his heritage, his lineage. In a sense this was good that he did care enough about it, however, on the other hand, he should likewise also been concerned enough about the families heritage and lineage to accept and claim the rite of kinsman.
This is the position that Father created for Himself in His flesh life; to pay the price for each of us personally. Yes, it did cost Him dearly with His life and blood, but He planned it this way and was willing to pay that price to be your kinsman Redeemer. He provided that heritage for you, it is for you to accept and claim that inheritance before it is yours, and you take it to yourself.
In the case of Naomi; she was holding her inheritance in hand, she valued that little child more than her entire life. Remember that she was a unique woman, one the entire community loved and respected, and there was not one bad word uttered against her.
4:17 Naming by women.
4:14-22 ELIMELECH'S FAMILY. THE UPLIFTING. (Introversion)
4:17 Obed, Jesse and David.
Ruth 4:17 And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, "There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David." -> Obed=Serving. It is Obed who will be the father of Jesse, who in turn is the father of David – the second king of the House of Israel.
Our nearest kinsman has given us an open invitation to claim our inheritance, and it can be received today, right now. All you have to do is believe upon Him and you are redeemed from the bondage of sin which leads to the death of your soul. Within that inheritance is the protection and love of Father to each person that will come into the kinship of His family. The right of Kinsman Redeemer has already been paid, the provisions have been set up, but it is up to you to make the commitment, or walk away, as Naomi's nearest of kin did to her.
4:18-21 The generations of Pharez.
Ruth 4:18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron, -> Remember, Abraham begat Isaac, Isaac begat Jacob who begat the twelve patriarchs which made up the House of Israel, two of these sons; Judah and Levi will be in the lineage of Jesus. Judah the king line and Levi the priest line. Judah and Tamar's son was Pharez.
Ruth 4:19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,
Ruth 4:20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon,
Ruth 4:21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed,
4:22 Obed, Jesse and David.
Ruth 4:22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.
THE GENERATIONS OF PHAREZ
Priest Line_________King Line
Elisheba (F) Nahshon
(Nephew of Aaron, M. Rahab)